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# Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

(Q.1) When simple interest is charged, a certain principle amounts to Rs 7400 in 4 years and Rs 9200 in 7 years. Then the rate of interest is (1 Mark) (A) 4%(B) 8%(C) 12% (D) 14%. (1 Mark) (Q.2) For the equations 5x – 6y = 2 and 10x = 12y + 7 (A) there is no solution (B) there exists unique solution(C) there are two solutions (D) there are infinite number of solutions. (1 Mark) (Q.3) If then the values of (x, y) are (A) (a, b) (B) (–a, –b)(C) (b, –a) (D) (b, a). (1 Mark) (Q.4) A toy train crosses 210 m and 122 m long tunnels in 25 and 17 seconds respectively. The length of the train is (A) 13 m (B) 65 m(C) 332 m(D) 88 m (1 Mark) (Q.5) The ratio between a two-digit number and the sum of digits of that number is 4 : 1. If the digit in the unit place

is 3 more than the digit in the tenth place, what is that number ?

(A) 63 (B) 36(C) 24 (D) 12 (Q.6) If the ratio of boys to girls in a class is B and the ratio of girls to boys is G, then B + G is (A) greater than 1 or equal to 1(B) greater than 1(C) less than 1 (D) equal to 1 (Q.7) The income of P and Q are in the ratio 3 : 2 and expenses are in the ratio of 5 : 3. If both save Rs 200, What is

the income of P ?

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(A) Rs 700 (B) Rs 1000(C) Rs 1200 (D) Rs.1250 (Q.8) Divide 62 into two parts such that fourth part of the first and two-fifth part of the second are in the ratio 2 : 3. (A) 24, 38 (B) 32, 30(C) 16, 32 (D) 40, 22 (Q.9) The LCM of two numbers is 630 and their HCF is 9. If the sum of the numbers is 153, their difference is (A) 72 (B) 27(C) 81 (D) 18 (Q.10) The sum of the digits of a two digits number is 8. If the digits are reversed, the number is decreased by 54.

Find the number.

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**(A) 35 (B) 17(C) 71(D) 53. (Q.11) For what value of p does the system of equations 2x – py = 0, 3x + 4y = has nonzero solution? (A) p = – 6 (B) (C) (D)
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and is

(Q.12) The solution of the system of equation

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(A) (B) (C) (D) x = 0, y = 0 (Q.13) For what value of p will the system of equations 3x + y = 1, (2p – 1)x + (p– 1)y = (2P + 1) has no solution? (A) p = 2 (B) (C) p = – 2 (D) (Q.14) The solution of the system of equations given by is (A) x = –2, y = 8(B) x = 4, y = – 4(C) x = 2, y = 6(D) x = 4, y = 6. (Q.15) For what value of k, the system of equations x + 2y = 3, 5x + ky + 7 = 0 has unique solution? (A) k = 10 (B) All real values except 10(C) All natural numbers except 10(D) K 10 (Q.16) For what value of k, the system of equations kx – y = 2, 6x – 2y = 3 has infinitely many solutions? (A) k = 3(B) (C) k = 6 (D) Does not exist. (Q.17) For what values of a and b will the equations 2x + 3y = 7, (a – b)x + (a + b)y = (3a + b – 2) represent coincident lines? (A) a = 5, b = – 1 (B) a = 5, b = 1(C) a = –5, b = – 1 (D) a = 5, b = – 1

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(1 Mark) (Q.18) The solution of the system of equations and is (A) x = 1, y = 2 (B) x = 0, y = 0(C) x = – 1, y = 2 (D) x = 1, y = –2 (1 Mark) (Q.19) Which of the following system of equations has infinitely many solutions? (A) (B) (C) (D) All of these. (1 Mark) (Q.20) Which of the following system of equations has no solution ? (A) 3x + y = 2, 9x + 3y = 6 (B) 4x – 7y + 28 = 0, 5y – 7x + 9 = 0(C) 3x – 5y – 11 = 0, 6x – 10y – 7 = 0 (D) None of these. (1 Mark) (Q.21) The solution of the system of equations 2x –3y+4xy = 0 and 6x + 5y – 2xy = 0 is (A) x = 0, y = 0 (B) x = 1, y = –2(C) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’(D) None of these. (1 Mark) (Q.22) Which of the following system of equations is consistent? (A) 3x – y = 1, 6x – 2y = 5 (B) 4x + 6y – 7 = 0, 12x + 18y – 21 = 0 (C) 4x + 7y = 3, 8x + 14 y = 7 (D) 6x + 2y = 3, 5x + 6y = – 2. (1 Mark) (Q.23) The coordinates of the point where the line 2(x – 3) = y – 8 meet the x-axis is (A) (3, 0) (B) (2, 0)(C) (–1, 0) (D) (0, –1) (1 Mark) (Q.24) The coordinates of the points where the lines 3x – y = 5, 6x – y = 10 meet the y-axis are (A) (0, –5), (0, –10)(B) (–5, 0), (10, 0)(C) (5, 0), (0, –10) (D) (0, –5), (0, –10) (1 Mark) (Q.25) The solution of the system of equations 2x + 3y + 5 = 0 and 3x – 2y – 12 = 0 is _________ (A) x = – 3, y = – 2(B) x = 2, y = – 3(C) x = 3, y = – 2(D) x = 12, y = 13 (1 Mark) (Q.26) The sum of two numbers is 128 and their difference is 16. Find the number (A) 70 , 52(B) 72, 56(C) 70 , 56(D) 72 , 52 (1 Mark) (Q.27) The coordinates of the points where the lines 5x – y = 7, 10x + y = 15 meet the y-axis (A) (0, –7), (0, 15)(B) (–7, 0), (15, 0)(C) (7, 0), (0, –15)(D) (0, -7), (0, -15) (Q.28) Solve the following system of equation by the method of cross-multiplication. 11x + 15y = - (1 Mark)

23 and 7x – 2y = 20 (A) x = 2, y = 2(B) x = 3, y = -3(C) x = 2, y = -3(D) x=3 ,y=4 Q.29.Solve the following system of linear equation2(ax – by) + (a + 4b) = 0 ,2(bx + ay) + (b – 4a) = 0 (A) x = 1, y = 2(B) x = -1/2, y = 2(C) x = 1/2 , y = -2(D) x=0 , y=0 (Q.30) Solve 2x + 3y = 11 and 2x – 4y = -24 and hence find the value of ‘m’ for which y = mx + 3 (A) 1(B) 2(C) -2(D) -1 (Q.31) Solve the following system by the method of elimination ( substitution)2x – y = 5,3x + 2y = 5 (A) x = 1, y = 1(B) x = 2, y = 1(C) x = 3, y = 1(D) x=5 ,y=2 (Q.32) For what value of k the following system of equations has a unique solution: x – ky = 2 3x + 2y = -5 (A) k (B) k (C) k (D) k -2/5 (Q.33) Show that the following system of equations has unique. Solution 2x – 3y = 6, x + y = 1 (A) Unique solution(B) No solution(C) Infinite(D) 0 (Q.34) Solve : 4x + , 6x and hence, find ‘p’ if y = px – 2.

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(A) (B) 1(C) 0(D) (Q.35) Solve for x and y : 47x + 31y = 63 , 31x + 47y = 15 (A) x = -2, y = 1(B) x = 2, y = -1(C) x = 2, y = 1(D) x=3 ,y= 4< (Q.36) Solve x + y + 2z = 9 ,2x – y + 2z = 6, 3x + y + 4z = 17 (A) x = 0,y = 1,z = 2(B) x = -1,y = -2,z = -3(C) x =1,y= 2, z = 3(D) x=2 ,y= 3 z=4 (Q.37) Solve the following system of linear equation by using the method of elimination by

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equating the coefficients. (A) x = (B) x = 5, y = 5(C) (D) The given

equations are Let us eliminate y. To make the coefficients of y equal, we multiply the equation (1) by by to get and equation (2)

Adding equation (3) and equation (4),

x= Putting in (1), (1 Mark)

Hence, the solution is . (Q.38) Solve (2u + v) = 7uv, 3(u + 3v) = 11uv (A) u = 1, v = 0(B) u = 1, v = 3/2 (C) u = 0, v = 0 and u = 1, v = 3/2(D) u=4 v=5 (Q.39) The coordinates of the point where the line 5(x – 4) = 2y – 25 meet the x-axis (A) (4, 0)(B) (5, 0)(C) (–1, 0)(D) (0, –1) (Q.40) What number must be added to each of the number 5,9,17,27 to make the numbers in proportion? (A) 4(B) 5(C) 6(D) 3 (Q.41) The difference between two numbers is 26 and one number is three times the other. Find them. (A) 30, 13(B) 35, 12(C) 39, 31(D) 39, 13

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(Q.42) Find the value of k for which the following syatem of equation has no solutions: 2x + ky = 1; 3x – 5y = 7 (A) 0(B) (C) (D) 1 (Q.43) For what value of k the following equations are inconsistent? x – 4y = 6, 3x + ky = 5 (A) 10(B) 12(C) -12(D) -10 (Q.44) The ratio of two persons is 9:7 and the ratio of their expenditure is 4:3. If each of them saves Rs 200 per month, find their monthly incomes (A) 1000,800(B) 1800,1400(C) 1600,1200(D) 1600,1400 (Q.45) 37 pens and 53 pencils together cost Rs320, while 53 pens and 37 pencils together cost Rs400. Find the cost of pen and that of a pencil (A) 6.50, 1.50(B) 2.50, 1.00(C) 4.50, 1.50(D) 6.50, 2.50 (Q.46) The taxi charges in a city comprise of a fixed charge together with the charge for the distance covered. For a journey of 10 km the charge paid is Rs75 and for a journey of 15 km the charge paid is Rs110. What will a person have to pay for traveling a distance of 25 km. (A) 220(B) 240(C) 200(D) 180 (Q.47) For what value of p does the system of equations 4x – py = 0, 5x + 6y = 0 has nonzero solution? (A) p = – 8(B) (C) (D) (Q.48) For what value of k, will the following system of equations x + 2y + 7 = 0, 2x + ky + 14 = 0 represent coincident lines (A) 2(B) 3(C) 4(D) 5 (Q.49) Solve: x + 2y + z = 7, x + 3z = 11, 2x – 3y = 1 (A) x = 1, y = 2, z = -1(B) x = 2, y = 1,z = 3(C) x = -1, y = -2, z = 1(D) x = 3, y = 1, z = - 2 (Q.50) The denominator of a fraction is 7 more than the numerator. If 5 is added to each, the value of the resulting fraction is 1/2. The original fraction is (A) (B) (C) (D) (Q.51) The two lines y = 5x + 2 and y = 6x – 3 intersect at (A) (-1, 7).(B) (5, 27).(C) (8, 14).(D) (11, -4). (Q.52) Solution of 4x + 3y = 18xy and 4x – 10y + 8xy = 0 is (A) x = ½ and y = 1/3.(B) x = ¼ and y = 1/3.(C) x = -1/2 and y = -1/3.(D) x = -1 and y= -3. (Q.53) If x + y = 6 and 3x – y = 4, then x – y is equal to (A) -1.(B) 0.(C) 2.(D) 4. (Q.54) (A) (B) (C) (D) (Q.55) If the equations 4x + 7y = 10 and 10x + ky = 25 represent coincident lines, then

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the value of k is (A) 5.(B) 17/2.(C) 27/2.(D) 35/2. (Q.56) The system of equations 2x + ky = 11 and 5x – 7y = 5 has no solution if the value (1 Mark) of k is (A) 13/5.(B) -13/5.(C) -14/5.(D) -16/5. (1 Mark) (Q.57) The equations 3x – 4y = 5 and 12x – 16y = 20 have (A) no common solution.(B) exactly one common solution.(C) exactly two common solutions.(D) infinitely many slutions. (1 Mark) (Q.58) The system of equations 2x + 3y = 5 and kx – 6y = 8 has unique solution if the value of k is (A) -8.(B) -4.(C) 4.(D) 8. (1 Mark) (Q.59) The point of intersection of the system of equations 2x + y = 3 and 2x – 3y = 7 is (A) (4, 3).(B) (3, 2).(C) (2, -1).(D) (1, -1). (1 Mark) (Q.60) If 5x + 7y =3 and 15x + 21y = k represent coincident lines, then the value of k is (A) 10.(B) 9.(C) 8.(D) 7.

**(1 Mark) (Q.61) If 3x – 5y = 5 and (A) 9.(B) 6.(C) 4.(D) 3. (Q.62) If 2x + 3y = 34 and (A) 75.(B) 78.(C) 82.(D) 85. (Q.63) If 4x + 5y = 83 and (A) 3.(B) 4.(C) 7.(D) 11. (Q.64)
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then the value of x - y is

(1 Mark)

then the value of 5y + 7x is

(1 Mark) , then y – x will be equal to (1 Mark)

**(A) 1/2(B) 1.(C) 3/2(D) 2. (1 Mark) (Q.65) The solution set of system of equations (A) (B) (C) (D) (Q.66) The solution of 2x + 3y = 2 and 3x + 2y = 2 can be represented by a point in the
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coordinate plane in (A) first quadrant.(B) second quadrant.(C) third quadrant.(D) fourth quadrant.

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(Q.67) (A) x is positive and y is negative.(B) y is positive and x is negative .(C) both x and y are positive. (D) both x and y are negative. (Q.68) In the coordinate form (x, y), the solution of the pair of linear equations 3x + 5y = (1 Mark)

21 and x – y = -1 is given by (A) (-2, 1).(B) (3, -2).(C) (2, 3). (D) (1, 1). (1 Mark) (Q.69) Dolly has 12 bags of balls. Each bag has either 2 or 3 balls. There are 30 balls in total. The system of equations that will represent this information is (A) x + 9y = 20 and x + 3y = 25.(B) x + y = 12 and x + 3y = 20.(C) x + y = 12 and x + 5y = 25. (D) x + y = 12 and 3x + 2y = 30. (1 Mark) (Q.70) Sheetal has few Rs 2 coins and Rs 5 coins. In all, she has 10 coins worth Rs 41. The system of equations that will represent this situation is (A) a + 9b = 9 and a + 3b = 5.(B) a + b = 10 and 2a + 5b = 41.(C) a + b = 10 and a + 5b = 41. (1 Mark) (D) a + b = 10 and 2a + b = 41. (Q.71) The given system of linear equations x – y = 2 and -2x + 2y = -1 has (A) a unique solution.(B) infinitely many solutions.(C) no solution.(D) two solutions. (1 Mark) (Q.72) The given system of linear equations x – y = 2 and -3x + 2y = -1 has (A) a unique solution.(B) infinitely many solutions.(C) no solution.(D) two solutions. (1 Mark) (Q.73) The given system of linear equations x – y = 2 and 2x – 2y = 4 has (A) a unique solution.(B) infinitely many solutions.(C) no solution.(D) two solutions. (1 Mark) (Q.74) The more convenient method in solving the given system of equations 4p + 3q = 23 and 4p + 14q = 10 is (A) elimination by addition.(B) elimination by subtraction.(C) substitution method.(D) cross–multiplication method. (1 Mark) (Q.75) The sum and difference of two numbers are 46 and 10 respectively. The numbers are (A) 28 and 18.(B) 30 and 20.(C) 46 and 26. (D) 50 and 40. (1 Mark) (Q.76) The following system of equations represents the profit margin of two major companies where x represents sales and y represents discounts to clients. 3x – 4y = 12, x- 2y = 2.The one approach to solve this system of equations is by (A) multiplying the expression x – 2y by 3 and adding the first equation to the second equation. (1 Mark) (B) substituting the expression 2 + 2y for x in the first equation of the system. (C) adding the first equation to the second equation. (D) substituting the expression x – 2y for x in the first equation of the system. (Q.77) If the system ax + 3y and 12x + ay= a has a unique solution, then the value of

(A) (B) (C) a = 6. (D) a = 5. (Q.78) If 2x + y = 35 and 3x + 4y = 65, then the value of x/y (A) 2.(B) 3.(C) 4.(D) 5. (Q.79) The value of x + y in the solution of 2 x+y = 16 is (A) 0.(B) 2. (C) 4. (D) 16. (Q.80) If 2x + y = 5 and 3x – 4y = 2, then the value of 2xy is (A) 4.(B) 6.(C) 8.(D) 10. (Q.81) If 3s – 5t = 27 and s + 4t = -8, then the values of s and t are respectively (A) 14 and 3.(B) 4 and 3.(C) 3 and 14.(D) 4 and -3. (Q.82) The solution of the system 2x + y = 13 and 5x – 2y = 19 is (5, 3). The graphs of

the two equations (A) are parallel.(B) coincide.(C) intersect at (5, 3).(D) intersect at (5, 0) and (0, 3). (Q.83) If 5x + 3y = 21 and 4x + y = 14, then the value of x + y is (A) 2.(B) 3.(C) c.(D) 5. (Q.84) The graphs of the equations 2x + 3y = 6 and 4x + 6y = 12 (A) intersect at a point.(B) intersect at two points.(C) are parallel.(D) coincide. (Q.85) The graphs of the equations 2x – y = 8 and x + y = 1 (A) intersect at (3, -2).(B) intersect at (7, -6).(C) are parallel.(D) coincide. (Q.86) If a system of linear equations has no solution, then the graphs of the equations (A) intersect at a point.(B) intersect at two points.(C) are parallel.(D) coincide. (Q.87) If x + 7y = 5 and x – 7y = -9, then the value of x is (A) -4.(B) -2.(C) 2.(D) 3. (Q.88) If 2a + 5b = 16 and 10a – 3b = -4, then the value of b is (A) 2.(B) 3.(C) 4.(D) 5.

(1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark)

(Q.89) If -2x + 7y = 4 and -3x + 5y = -5, then the correct method to eliminate x from the equations is by (A) multiplying the first equation by 3 and the second equation by 2 and subtracting the equations. (B) multiplying the first equation by 3 and the second equation by 2 and adding the equations. (C) multiplying the first equation by 5 and the second equation by 7 and subtracting the equations. (D) multiplying the first equation by 5 and the second equation by 7 and adding the equations. (Q.90) (A) 1.(B) 3.(C) 8.(D) 10. (Q.91) If 5x + 2y = 9 and 9x – 7y = -5, then the correct method to eliminate x from the

equations is by (A) multiplying the first equation by 7 and the second equation by 2 and adding the equations. (B) multiplying the first equation by 9 and the second equation by 5 and subtracting the equations. (C) multiplying the first equation by 7 and the second equation by 2 and subtracting the equations. (D) multiplying the first equation by 9 and the second equation by 5 and adding the equations. (Q.92) The solution set of system of equations 5(2w - z) = 7w + 1 and 3(3w + z) = 5(w – z + 12) is (A) (1, 3/2).(B) (2, 1).(C) (4, 11/2).(D) (7, 4). (Q.93) If 3(m - n) -8(m + n) = 7 and 2(m + n) + 5(m – n) = -65, then the value of m is

(1 Mark)

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**(A) 8.(B) (C) -8.(D) (Q.94) For the simultaneous pair of linear equations x + 7y = 5 and x – 7y = -9, the value
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of x + y is (A) -2.(B) -1.(C) 1.(D) 2. (Q.95) If one number is thrice the other and their sum is 60, then the numbers are (A) 45 and 15.(B) 31.5 and 28.5.(C) 28.5 and 25.5.(D) 30 and 20. (Q.96) The lines y = 4x – 10 and y = 7x + 11 intersect at (A) (-7, -38).(B) (-5, -10).(C) (-3, -10).(D) (-1, 4). (Q.97) The cost of 3 apples and 2 guavas is Rs 23.00 and that of 1 apple and 4 guavas of the same type is Rs 21.00. The cost of 5 guavas is (A) Rs 4.(B) Rs 12.(C) Rs 20.(D) Rs 25. (Q.98) The course of an enemy submarine as plotted on a set rectangular axes is 2x + 3y = 5. On the same axes, the course of the destroyer is indicated by x – y = 10. The point (x, y) at which the submarine can be destroyed is (A) (-7, 3).(B) (3, -7).(C) (-3, 7).(D) (7, -3). (Q.99) Rohan weighs 10 kg more than Sameer. Their combined weight is 90 kg. The weight of Sameer is (A) 30 kg.(B) 40 kg.(C) 50 kg.(D) 60 kg.

(1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark)

(1 Mark) (2 Marks) [CBSE-DELHI 2007] (2 Marks) [CBSE-DELHI 2007]

(Q.100) Solve the system of equation using cross multiplication method.2x+5y = 1, 2x+3y = 3

**(Q.101) Solve for x and y:
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[CBSE-DELHI 2007

(2 Marks) ]

(Q.102) Solve for x and y: (Q.103) Solve the following system of equation graphically.2x+3y = 8; x+4y = 9 (Q.104) A man sold a chair and a table together for Rs. 760 thereby making a profit of 25% on chair and 10% on table. By selling them together for Rs. 767.50 he would have made a profit of 10% on the chair and 25% on the table. Find the cost price of each. (Q.105) Solve the following system of equation graphically.x-2y = 4 , x-y = 3 (3 Marks) [CBSE-DELHI 2007] (3 Marks) [CBSE-DELHI 2007] (3 Marks)

[CBSE-DELHI 2007]

(3 Marks) (Q.106) Solve the following System of equation graphically. 2x+3y = 2; x-2y = 8 [CBSE-DELHI 2007] (3 Marks) (Q.107) The ages of two friends A and B differ by 3 years. A’s father D is twice as old as A, and B [CBSE-DELHI 2007] is twice as old as his sister C. The ages of C and D differ by 30 years. Find the ages of A and B. (2 Marks) (Q.108) Solve for x and y :

[CBSE-Outside Delhi 2007]

(2 Marks)

[CBSEOutside Delhi 2007]

(Q.109) Solve for x and y: (Q.110) Solve the following system of linear equations graphically.2x + 3y = 12 ; 2y - 1 = x

(3 Marks)

[CBSE-Outside

Delhi 2007] (3 Marks)

(Q.111) Solve the following system of linear equation graphically:2x-3y = 1; 4x-3y+1 = 0

[CBSE-Outside

Delhi 2007] (3 Marks) (Q.112) A number consists of two digits. When it is divided by sum of the digits, the quotients is 6 [CBSE-Outside with no reminder. When the number is diminished by 9, the digit reversed. Find the number. Delhi 2007] (3 Marks) [CBSE-Outside (Q.113) Solve the following system of equation graphically:3x-4y -12 = 0 ; x+2y-4 = 0 Delhi 2007] (3 Marks) (Q.114) Solve for x and y: 47x + 31y = 63, 31x + 47y = 15 [CBSE-DELHI 2006] (3 Marks) (Q.115) A two-digit number is such that the product of its digits is 35. When 18 is added to the

number, the digits interchange their places. Find the number. (Q.116) Draw the graphs of the equations: 4x – y – 8 = O and 2x - 3y + 6 = O Also determine the vertices of the triangle formed by the lines and the x-axis. (Q.117)

[CBSE-DELHI

**2006] (4 Marks) [CBSE-DELHI 2006]
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(3 Marks) [CBSE-DELHI 2006

]

(Q.118) Draw the graphs of the equations:4x - 5y + 16 = 0 and 2x + y - 6 = 0 .Determine the Solution of equation. (Q.119) Draw the graphs of the equations:3x - y + 9 = 0 and 3x + 4y - 6 = 0 Also determine the vertices of the triangle formed by the lines and the x-axis. (Q.120) Solve the system of equations: bx/a – ay/b + a + b = 0 an[[d bx – ay + 2ab = 0

(4 Marks) [CBSE-DELHI 2006]

(4 Marks)

[CBSE-DELHI 2006]

(3 Marks)

[CBSE-Outside Delhi 2006]

(Q.121) The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 12. The number obtained by interchanging (3 Marks) [CBSE-Outside the two digits exceeds the given number by 18. Find the number. Delhi 2006] (Q.122) Draw the graphs of the following equations: 3x - 4y + 6 = 0, 3x + y - 9 = 0. Also determine (4 Marks) [CBSE-Outside the co-ordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these lines and the x-axis. Delhi 2006] (4 Marks) (Q.123) Draw the graphs of the equations 3x + 2y + 6 = 0 3x + 8y — 12 = 0

Also determine the co-ordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these lines and the x-axis.

[CBSE-Outside Delhi 2006]

(4 Marks) (Q.124) Draw the graphs of the equations [CBSE-Outside 2x - y + 6 = 0 and 4x + 5y - 16 = 0 Delhi 2006] Also determine the co-ordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these lines and the x-axis. (3 Marks)

[CBSE-DELHI 2005] (Q.125) Solve the following system of linear equations: (4 Marks) (Q.126) Solve the following system of equations graphically: x+2y = 5, 2x-3y = -4 Also find the points where the lines meet the x-axis. [CBSE-DELHI 2005] (Q.127) Solve the following system of equations graphically: x-2y = -3, 2x+y =4 Find the points where the (4 Marks)

lines intersect x-axis. where the lines meet the x-axis.

[CBSE-DELHI 2005]

**(Q.128) Solve the following system of equations graphically: 2x+3y = 8 , x-2y = -3 Find the points (4 Marks) (3 Marks)
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[CBSE-Outside

[CBSE-DELHI 2006]

**(Q.129) Solve for x and y:
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where the lines meet the y-axis.

,

(Q.130) Solve the following system of equations graphically: 2x - y = 4 , 3y - x = 3 Find the points (Q.131) Solve the following system of equations graphically:2x - 5y + 4 = 0 , 2x + y - 8 = 0 Find the points where the

lines meet the y-axis.

] (4 Marks)

Delhi 2005 [CBSE-Outside

] (4 Marks)

Delhi 2005

[CBSE-Outside Delhi 2005]

(Q.132) Two years ago, a father was five times as old as his son. Two years later, his age will be 8 more than three times the age of the son. Find the present ages of father and son. (Q.133) Solve the following system of linear equations graphically: Determine the vertices of the triangle formed by the lines, representing the above equations, and the y-axis. (Q.134) Father's age is three times the sum of the ages of his two children. After 5 years

his age will be twice the sum of the ages of two children. Find the age of the father.

**(3 Marks) [CBSE-DELHI 2004] (4 Marks) [CBSE-DELHI 2004] (4 Marks)
**

[CBSE-DELHI 2003] (4 Marks)

[CBSEDELHI 2003]

**(Q.135) (Q.136) Solve the following system of linear equations graphically: 2x - 3y = 1; 3x - 4y = 1
**

Does the point (3, 2) lie on any of the lines? Write its equation.

(4 Marks)

[CBSE-DELHI

2003]

(Q.137) For what value of a, the system of linear equations: ax + 3y = a - 3 ,12x + ay = a has no solution. (Q.138) Solve the following system of linear equations graphically: Also find the vertices of the triangle formed by the above two lines

(3 Marks)

[CBSE-DELHI 2003

]

(4 Marks)

[CBSE-Outside Delhi

2004] and x-axis. (Q.139) The sum of the digits of a two digit number is 15. The number obtained by interchanging (3 Marks) [CBSE-Outside the digits exceeds the given number by 9. Find the number. Delhi 2004] (3 Marks)

(Q.140) Solve the following system of linear equations: (Q.141) Represent the following system of linear equations graphically. From the graph,

find the points where the lines intersect Y-axis:3x + y – 5 = 0; 2x – y – 5 = 0. (Q.142) Find the value of k, so that the following system of equations has no solution: 3x – y –5 = 0; 6x – 2y – k = 0.

[CBSE-Outside Delhi 2004]

(3 Marks)

[CBSE-DELHI 2008]

(1 Mark)

[CBSE-DELHI 2008]

(Q.143) Solve for x and y :37x + 43y = 123, 43x + 37y = 117

(3 Marks)

[CBSE-Outside Delhi 2008]

(Q.144) Solve for x and y : (Q.145) (Q.146) Solve the following pair of linear equations using cross multiplication method.

(3 Marks) [CBSEOutside Delhi 2008] (3 Marks) (3 Marks)

(Q.147) The taxi charges in a city consist of a fixed charge together with the charge for the distance covered. For a distance of 10 km, the charge paid is Rs 75 and for a journey of 15 km, the charge paid is Rs 110. How much does a person have to pay for travelling a distance of 25 km? (Q.148) A man sold a chair and a table together for Rs 1520. There is a profit of 25% on the chair and 10% on the table. By selling them together for Rs 1535, he could have made a profit of 10% on the chair and 25% on the table. Find the cost price of each. (Q.149) On selling a tea set at 5% loss and a lemon set at 15% gain, a crockery seller gained Rs 7. If he sells the tea set at 5% gain and the lemon set at 10% gain, the gain is Rs 13. Find the actual price of the tea set and the lemon set. (Q.150) A boat goes 30 km upstream and 44 km downstream is 10 hours. In 13 hours, it can go 40 km upstream and 55 km downstream. Determine the speed of the stream and that of boat in still water. (Q.151) Use elimination method to find all possible solutions of the following pair of linear equations.

(3 Marks) (6 Marks) (6 Marks) (6 Marks) (2 Marks)

(Q.152) The sum of a two-digit number and the number obtained by reversing the digits is 66. If the digits of the

number differ by 2, find the number. How many such numbers are there? (Q.153) (a) For what value of ‘ ’ will the following pair of equations have infinitely many solutions?

(6 Marks) (6 Marks)

(b) For what value of p does the pair of equations has unique solution?

(Q.154) (a) Solve:

217x + 131y = 913 131x + 217y = 827 ...(i) ...(ii)

(3 Marks)

(b) For what value of u the system of equations 3x + 5y = 0 ux + 10 y = 0 has unique solution. (Q.155) Solve:

(6 Marks)

, (Q.156) Solve by cross multiplication, the following pair of linear equations: (3 Marks)

(Q.157) Solve the following pair of linear equations:

(6 Marks)

(Q.158) Solve the given pair of linear equations by using the method of elimination.

(6 Marks)

(Q.159) Solve the given pair of equations by using the method of substitution.

(6 Marks)

(Q.160) If 5x + 7y = 3 and 15x + 21y = k represent coincident lines, then find the value of k. (Q.161) Determine the value of u so that the following pair of linear equations have no

solution.(3u + 1)x + 3y - 2 = 0, (u2 + 1)x + (u - 2)y - 5 = 0

(1 Mark) (1 Mark) (1 Mark)

(Q.162) Solve the following pair of linear equations.

**(Q.163) Solve the following pair of linear equations.
**

2x + y = 3 2x – 3y = 7 (Q.164) If one number is thrice the other and their sum is 60, then find the numbers. (Q.165) The denominator of a fraction is 7 more than the numerator. If 5 is added to each, the value of the resulting fraction is 1/2. Find the original fraction.

(2 Marks) (2 Marks) (2 Marks) (1 Mark) (1 Mark)

(Q.166) Sum of two numbers in 48 and their difference is 20. Find the numbers. (Q.167) If the difference of two numbers is 26 and one number is three times the other, find the numbers. Most Important Questions

(Q.1) Solve the following system of equation by substitution method x- 2y = 5 , 2x + 3y =10 (Q.2) Solve the following system equation x+ y =6 and x – y =2. (Q.3) Solve the following system of equations: x –2y =8 , 5x –10y =10 (Q.4) 5 pens and 6 pencils cost Rs.9 and 3 pens and 2 pencils cost Rs. 5. Find the cost of 1 pen and

1 pencil . (Q.5) The coach of a cricket team buys 7 bats and 6 balls for Rs.3800. Later he buys 3 bats and 5 balls for Rs. 1750. Find the cost of 1 bat and 2 balls. (Q.6) The sum of two numbers is 8 .If their sum is four times their difference, find the numbers. (Q.7) The sum of digits of a two-digit number is 15. The number obtained by reversing the order of the digits exceeds the given number by 9. Find the number. (Q.8) Seven times a two-digit number is equal to four times the number obtained by reversing the digits .If the difference between the digits is 3. Find the number. (Q.9) The sum of the numerator and the denominator of a fraction is 12. If the denominator is increased by 3 the fraction becomes ½. Find the fraction. (Q.10) A father is 3 times as old as his son. After 12 years, his age will be twice as that of his son then. Find their present ages. (Q.11) Solve the following the system of equations 8x + 5y = 9 , 3x + 2y = 4 by equating the coefficients (Q.12) Solve the following system of equation 7(y +3) –2 (x+2) =14 , 4(y – 2) +3(x –3) =2

(Q.13) Solve the following system of equations (Q.14) In the following system of equations, verify whether there exist unique solution, no solution

or infinitely many solution. x – 2y = 8 , 5x – 10y =10 (Q.15) Check whether the following system of equation has unique solution or not 3x –6y =8 , 2x + 12y = 10 (Q.16) Find the value of k for which the following system of equation will have unique solution x+ 2y = 3, 5x + ky +7 =0 (Q.17) For what value of K will the following system of equation have infinitely many solution? Kx – 2y + 6 =0 , 4x – 3y + 9 =0 (Q.18) For what values of k will the following system of equations be inconsistent 4x +6y =11, 2x + ky = 7

(Q.19) For what values of a the system of equations will have no solution? ax + 3y = a - 3 , 12 x + ay = a

(Q.20) Determine the value of k so that the following system of equations have no solution: (3k + 1)x + 3y –2 =0 , ( + 1)x + ( k – 2 )y –5 =0 (Q.21) Solve a (x + y )+b(x-y) = a( x + y ) – b( x- y ) = x+ y = a-b , ax –by = (Q.22) Solve the following system of equations

(Q.23) Solve the following system of equations: (Q.24) Solve the following system of equation

(Q.25) The taxi charges in a city comprises of a fixed charge together with the charge for the distance covered. For a journey of

10 km the charge paid is Rs 75 and for a journey of 15km the charge paid is Rs.110. What will a person have to pay for traveling a distance of 25 km. (Q.26) A boat covers 32 km upstream and 36 km downstream in 7 hours. Also, it covers 40 km upstream and 48 km downstream in 9 hours. Find the speed of the boat in still water and that of the stream. (Q.27) Places A and B are 100 km apart on a highway. One car starts from A and another from B at the same time. If the cars travel in the same direction at different speeds, they meet in 5 hours. If they travel towards each other, they meet in 1 hour. What are the speeds of the two cars? (Q.28) Solve the system of equations x+ y =10, x – y=4 graphically. (Q.29) The system of equation 3x + 6y =3900 and x+ 3y =1300 (Q.30) Radha went to a shop and purchased 2 pencils and 3 erasers for Rs. 9. Her friend Kavita saw the new variety of pens and pencils and purchased 4 pencils and 6 erasers for Rs. 18. Represent the situation graphically. (Q.31) The path of a bus A is given by the equation x+ 2y-4=0 and the path B of another bus B is given by the equation 2x +4y –12 =0. Represent the situation graphically. (Q.32) Solve graphically the system of equations X + y =3 , 3x –2y =4 (Q.33) Show the system of equations graphically 2x + 4y = 10 , 3x + 6y = 12 (Q.34) Represent the situation graphically:3x – y = 2 , 9x – 3y = 6 (Q.35) Solve the following system of linear equations graphically:2x – y – 4 =0 , x + y + 1 =0 Find the points where the line meets the y axis. (Q.36) Solve the following system of equations graphically:x + 3y = 6 , 2x – 3y = 12

Mathematics for Class X Pair of Linear Equations in two variables -01 Instructions :All questions are compulsory. There is no overall choice . Use of calculators is not permitted. Please give the explanation for the answer where applicable.To view the answer, click on the Answer link alongside the Question. Q.1) On selling a tea set at 5% loss and a lemon set at 15% gain, a crockery seller gained Rs 7. If he sells the tea set at 5% gain and the lemon set at 10% gain, the gain is Rs 13. Find the actual price of the tea set and the lemon set. (6 Marks) Q.2) A man sold a chair and a table together for Rs 1520. There is a profit of 25% on the chair and 10% on the table. By selling them together for Rs 1535, he could have made a profit of 10% on the chair and 25% on the table. Find the cost price of each. (6 Marks) Q.3) (3 Marks) Q.4) If 5x + 7y = 3 and 15x + 21y = k represent coincident lines, then find the value of k. (1 Mark) Q.5) Determine the value of u so that the following pair of linear equations have no solution. (3u + 1)x + 3y - 2 = 0 , (u2 + 1)x + (u - 2)y - 5 = 0 (1 Mark) Q.6) Solve the following pair of linear equations.

(1 Mark) Q.7) Solve the following pair of linear equations. 2x + y = 3 , 2x – 3y = 7 (2 Marks) Q.8) If one number is thrice the other and their sum is 60, then find the numbers. (2 Marks)