Dinagat Islands Socio Economic Fact Book | Nature | Wellness

CONTACTS

PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT OFFICE
Bahay Turista, San Juan, San Jose, Dinagat Islands Phone No. 09065013163

PROVINCIAL PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT OFFICE
San Jose, Dinagat Islands Phone No. 09067884680

DINAGAT ISLANDS MAP

Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF DINAGAT ISLANDS San Jose

OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR

M E S S A G E
Though we are an infant province, with almost nine (9) months of existence since chartering last October 2, 2006 through R.A. 9355, I am pleased to present this Socio – Economic Fact Book of the Province of Dinagat Islands. This fact book is very useful for prospective researchers and investors who want to know about our province. This will provide basic information that maybe required in the formulation of plans, implementation of programs and in general, guide our development partners in making decisions on their investments. We are very grateful for the help extended to us by our mother province, the Province of Surigao del Norte for sharing with us data and information and the national line agencies and the private sector for the assistance provided during preparation of this document. Mabuhay kitang mga Dinagatnons!

GERALDINE “JADE” ECLEO VILLAROMAN Provincial Governor

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DIRECTORY OF PROVINCIAL OFFICES

CONTENTS
Provincial Elective Officials Municipal Mayors Date and Legal Basis on the Creation of Municipalities History Geography Demographics Religious Affiliations Housing and Settlement Income, Expenditures and Poverty Incidence Education Health and Nutrition Safe Water Access and Sanitation Protective Services Fire Prevention Sports and Recreation Facilities Economic Profile Mining and Quarrying Industry Commerce and Trade Tourist Attractions Services (Water and Land Transportation) Communication Facilities Mailing and Courier Services Financial Institutions Directory of Municipal LGUs Directory of Provincial Offices Dinagat Islands Map 3 4 4 4 5 7 10 11 12 13 16 20 21 21 21 22 28 28 29 30 35 36 37 38 38 39 40

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FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS • • • Rural Bank of Loreto (SRBC) Green Bank of Caraga Starjed

PROVINCIAL ELECTIVE OFFICIALS
Governor Vice Governor : Geraldine “JADE” Ecleo – Villaroman : Elvis A. Dela Merced

DIRECTORY OF MUNICIPAL LGUS

SANGGUNIANG PANLALAWIGAN
DISTRICT I : : : : : Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon. Gracelyn B. Ecleo Domingo L. Torotoro Merlinda D. Lagroma Rolizareth T. Ladaga Romeo S. Ecleo

MUNICIPALITY
BASILISA CAGDIANAO DINAGAT LIBJO LORETO SAN JOSE TUBAJON

TELEPHONE NUMBER
826-1603 356-1607 365-1657 365-1701/365-1709 365-1717/365-1725 365-1837 365-1965

DISTRICT II

: : : : :

Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon.

Mario P. Menil Bernardino F. Alcaria Nilo P. Gulfo Norberto A. Sarita, Sr. Zacarias N. Vales

EX - OFFICIO : Hon. Cristino V. Medallo, Sr. Provincial Federated ABC President : Hon. Allan II B. Ecleo Provincial Councilor’s League President : Hon. Sean V. Eludo Provincial SK Federated President

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MUNICIPAL MAYORS NAME Floro F. Baltar Jr. Marc Adelson D. Longos Gwendolyn B. Ecleo Lamberto T. Llamera, Jr. Doandre Bill A. Ladaga Benglen B. Ecleo Ronald O. Luib, Sr. MUNICIPALITY Basilisa Cagdianao Dinagat Libjo Loreto San Jose Tubajon

MAILING / COURIER SERVICES

Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon.

Philippine Postal Corporation LBC Express Western Union

-

Contact Number 0910-4923836 0920-2532026 0919-3624668

ACCOMODATIONS Name of Establishment # of Rooms Room Rates Family Double

DATE AND LEGAL BASIS ON THE CREATION OF MUNICIPALITIES MUNICIPALITY Basilisa Cagdianao Dinagat Libjo Loreto San Jose Tubajon DATE OF CREATION June 17, 1967 December 23, 1959 1830 February 29,1960 January 1,1919 November 15,1989 June 21, 1969 LEGAL BASIS R.A. 4986 E.O. 367 Direccion Gen. No. 5505 Leg. 103 E.O. 381 Unnumbered E.O. R.A. 6769 R.A. 5643

Description 2 beds family size Air conditioned Private T & B Additional 100.00/head Air conditioned Additional per head Short time Ceiling fan with comfort room Additional/head Air conditioned room Good for 2 persons Additional/head Ceiling fan with comfort room Additional per head

Puyangi Beach Resort

4

P 1,500.00

P 750.00

P 500.00 P 100.00 P 250.00

Pink House

7
P 250.00 P 50.00

HISTORY
Settlements within Dinagat Islands were already present during the Spanish regime. Most of the residents emigrated from nearby provinces of Bohol and Leyte. The municipality of Dinagat is the oldest community in the province. In the early days, a story was told that a stranger reached the place in search of greener pasture. He approached a native and asked what the inhabitants do for a living. The native said that they farm and fish to live. The stranger’s interest in fishing prompted him to inquire where they fish, and the native replied and pointed to a place saying – “dinhi niini na dagat” (here in this bountiful waters). Since then, the place was called Dinagat. The province was the site of the Historic Battle of Surigao Strait during the Second World War. The Municipality of Loreto became the entry point of the American Liberation Forces on October 17, 1944. It was on this shore that the 6th Ranger Batallion of the 6th U.S. Army under Col. Mucci landed at Sitio Campintac of Barangay Panamaon, Loreto. It was 4 37
P 500.00 P 100.00

Yalkot Lodge

5
P 250.00 P 50.00

LAND TRANSPORTATION Type of Vessel Route San Jose – Basilisa San Jose – Libjo San Jose – Tubajon San Jose – Loreto San Jose – Dinagat San Jose – Cagdianao San Jose – Basilisa San Jose – Libjo San Jose – Tubajon San Jose – Loreto San Jose – Dinagat San Jose – Cagdianao Fare 120.00/trip 350.00/trip 600.00/trip 700-800/trip 120.00/trip 150.00/trip 25.00/person 90.00/person No trip No trip 25.00/person 35.00/person Frequency Motor Motor Motor Motor Motor hire hire hire hire hire

on this shore that the 6th Ranger Battalion of the 6th U.S. Army under Co. Mucci landed at Sitio Campintac of Barangay Panamaon. It was during this landing that the first American flag flew on the Philippine soil. They named the place “Black Beach No. 2”. The northern part of the island served as refuge for the American soldiers, while the western border was the camp site of the Japanese Forces. Capsized vessel structures are still found today in the waters of Basilisa. Dinagat Islands was part of the First District of the Province of Surigao del Norte until it became a separate province on December 2, 2006 through Republic Act No. 9355 of the Charter of the Province of Dinagat Islands. Last January 2007, Surigao del Norte Governor Robert S. Lyndon Barbers inducted the interim officials into office. The interim officials were Geraldine “JADE” Ecleo Villaroman, Provincial Governor; Elvis A. dela Merced, Provincial Vice Governor; Provincial Board Members: Merlinda D. Lagroma, Norberto A. Sarita Sr., Mario P. Menil, Zacarias N. Vales, Gracelyn B. Ecleo, Nilo P. Gulfo, and Rolizareth T. Ladaga. They took oath at the Municipal Cultural Center of San Jose.

Motorcycle

Motor hire Daily Daily Special trip Special trip Daily Daily

Jeepney

COMMUNICATION FACILITIES GEOGRAPHY
PHILCOM Corporation Tel No. (086) 826-5331 Services Offered: Fax Services Domestic & International Calls NEWS MPC Services Offered: Internet Cafe’ Smart Wireless Communication Satellite Cable Services LOCATION Dinagat Islands is located in the northern part of Surigao del Norte. Politically bounded on the North, starting from the Desolation Point, by Surigao Strait; on the East by Philippine Sea; on the South-East by Dinagat Sound; on the South by Gaboc Channel and Nonoc Island; on the South-West by Awasan Bay, Hanigad Island and Hikdop Island; and on the West by Surigao Strait.

LAND AREA GLOBE TELECOMS Mobile Phone Services The Province of Dinagat Islands has a total land area of 96,745.85 hectares and is composed of seven municipalities. The largest municipality in terms of land area is Loreto with a total land area of 25,587 hectares (26%) and the smallest municipality is Dinagat with a total land area of 3,287 hectares (3%).

SMART COMMUNICATION Mobile Phone Services Smart Broadband Internet Connection

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LAND AREA PER MUNICIPALITY Municipality Loreto Cagdianao Libjo Tubajon Basilisa San Jose Dinagat TOTAL Land Area (Has.) 25,587.00 22,704.53 20,748.96 11,301.00 9,268.36 3,849.00 3,287.00 96,745.85 % to Total 26% 23% 21% 12% 10% 4% 3% 100%

ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES
MAN-MADE ATTRACTIONS PBMA Shrine (San Jose) - A holy place for all Philippine Benevolent Missionaries Association (PBMA) members. This is where the body of the founder, Ruben E. Ecleo, Sr. was laid to rest. The shrine serves as the main destination of local and foreign tourists of the municipality. Established in 1987, this unique and historical landmark boasts of 7 man-made drinking dams formed into different shapes such as e.g. Guitar Stage, Sala, and Garage. In the vicinity we can marvel at the Guitar Healing Pool, Garden Stairs, a Comet House and a Mini Forest that maintains the coolness of the surrounding view of the mountains and islands.

NUMBER OF BARANGAYS PER MUNICIPALITY MUNICIPALITY Basilisa Libjo Cagdianao Dinagat San Jose Loreto Tubajon TOTAL No. of Barangays 27 16 14 12 12 10 9 100 Year Updated 2006 2000 1998 1998 2000 1998 1998

SERVICES
WATER TRANSPORTATION Type of Vessel Route San Jose – Surigao Basilisa – Surigao Libjo to Surigao Pump boat Tubajon to Basilisa Loreto to Surigao Dinagat to Surigao Cagdianao to Surigao San Jose – Basilisa San Jose – Cagdianao San Jose – Dinagat San Jose – Libjo San Jose – Loreto San Jose – Tubajon
Source: PPA and Private Pump boat Owners

Fare 75.00/ person 90.00/ person 100.00/ person 130.00/ person 160.00/ person 70.00/ person 80.00/ person 1,000.00/trip 3,500.00/trip 1,200.00/trip 3,000.00/trip 3,500.00/trip 2,000.00/trip

Frequency Daily Daily Daily Daily Daily Daily Daily Special trip Special trip Special Special Special Special trip trip trip trip

TOPOGRAPHY The province has a varied terrain ranging from flat, to rugged, t o mountainous. The elevation of the eastern part of the province reaches over 900 meters from sea level. The rest of the island is characterized by broken relief or relatively low elevation especially land areas adjacent to the ocean. The highest points of the province are Mt. Kambinliw and Mt. Redondo. They are both found in the northern and southern part of the municipality of Loreto.

SOIL TYPES The Dinagat Islands soil is primarily Dinagat Clay Loam which is comprised of 70% Kabatohan, loam 20% and 10% of Bolinao clay steep phase. It is characterized as friable and slightly granular in nature.

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HISTORICAL AND RELIGIOUS SITES AND LANDMARKS
Campintac Black Beach (Loreto) – A strategic area where U.S. Liberators landed and fought against the Japanese Imperial Army. A few miles from the island is Surigao Strait - the historical landmark where hundreds of Japanese Naval Ships sank due to massive bombardments by the U.S. Air Force during World War II.

METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATE The province falls under climate type II characterized by no pronounced dry season but with a very pronounced maximum rainfall period from November to January. It has a total annual rainfall of 2,830.60 meters from the 204 rainy days. Temperature ranges from a low of 23.9 degrees Celsius in January to a high of 33.06 degree Celsius in September. The average annual minimum and maximum temperature in 2004 measures to 253 degrees Celsius and 31.06 degrees Celsius respectively. The average annual humidity is 81% and the average velocity is one (1) meter per second. MINERAL DEPOSITS The province is rich with metallic and non-metallic mineral resource. These include large tonnage of chromite, aluminous laterite ore and nickeliferous laterite. Small amount of rock phosphate, limestone, siliceous and gold deposits are scattered across the island as well. Chromite is most abundant in the municipality of Loreto and can also be found in the municipality of Basilisa, Cagdianao and Libjo. Nickel, on the other hand, is abundant in the Eastern part of the island in the municipalities of Tubajon, Libjo and Cagdianao. Of all the municipalities, Cagdianao has the most abundant mineral reserves in the island. LAND CLASSIFICATION Dinagat Islands Province has a total land area of 96,745.85 hectares. Its alienable and disposable (A & D) land is 15,836 hectares whereas its timberland has a total of 62,660.36 hectares. The bigger percentage of timberland can be ascribed to the slope of the province. Alienable and disposable lands are found in the flat lands or areas with 0% - 3% slopes in the western part of the province.

World War II Artifacts – are remains of the US and Filipino soldiers’ gears left during their heroic fight aimed to free Filipinos from Japanese domination.

Sinaongag Landmark (Tubajon) – is the point where the last stand of the Japanese Imperial Army against Filipino Local Guerillas was made.

DEMOGRAPHICS
POPULATION DISTRIBUTION/TREND Per NSO 2000 survey, the province total population is 106,951 or an increase of 6% from the last survey of 100,537 (1995) with an annual growth rate of 1.24%. Population density has also increased from 120 persons per square kilometer in 1995 to 131 in 2000. San Jose is a densely populated municipality (666 persons per square kilometer) while Loreto, the most thinly populated municipality has only 38 persons per square kilometer. Household population correspondingly increased 34 7

by 6% from 100,472 in 1995 to 106,897 in 2000. Total number of households significantly increased to 9% from 18,850 in 1995 to 20,564 in the year 2000.

WATERFALLS

POLITICAL SUBDIVISION The newly created province is made up of seven (7) municipalities and one hundred (100) barangays. The province is a lone congressional district which is comprised by the municipalities of Basilisa, Cagdianao, Dinagat, Libjo, Loreto, San Jose and Tubajon. The province is classified as third class. All municipalities except Dinagat and Tubajon (5th class) are 4th class municipalities.

Bankaw Mountain Resort (Tubajon) – is located at Barangay Diaz approximately 10 kilometers from the heart of the municipality. The place can be reached after nearly 15 minutes motor ride from the poblacion. This natural waterfall has crystal clear water ideal for nature loving individuals.

MANGROVE AND BONSAI FORESTS LANGUAGE AND DIALECTS Cebuano, Surigaonon, Boholano, Tagalog, and Waray are the major languages/dialects spoken in the province. Mt. Redondo Natural Bonsai Forest (Loreto) - Soaring to about 1,000 mtrs. above sea level is Mt. Redondo (the 2nd highest mountain in the island of Dinagat). The place is almost as cool as Baguio City. This century tree “Bonsai” forest covers an estimated area of more than 100 hectares. It is one of the only two natural bonsai gardens in the whole Mindanao and the only transportation.

POPULATION
POPULATION AND GROWTH RATE Particular Population Growth Rate (1990 – 1995) (1995 – 2000) Population Density Number of Households Average Household size
Source: NSO and IPHO Surigao del Norte

1995 100,537.00 .59 123 18,850 5.33

2000 106,951.00 1.24 131 20,546 5.20

one

accessible

by

land

COLD AND HOT SPRINGS

POPULATION AND LAND AREA PROFILE Municipality Province Basilisa Cagdianao Dinagat Libjo Loreto San Jose Tubajon 2000 Population 106,951.00 26,489.00 12,886.00 9,883.00 16,610.00 8,751.00 25,532.00 6,800.00 Total Land Area (has.) 96,745.85 8,052.00 19,251.00 2,441.00 19,191.00 16,178.00 3,791.00 11,301.00

Esperanza Spring (Loreto) - Crystal clear and chilly water cascades in the midst of a tropical forest naturally captured in a lagoon where you can enjoy a refreshing dip.

Source: NSO and PPDO Surigao del Norte

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LAGOONS AND TIDAL FLATS

HISTORICAL GROWTH OF POPULATION
Ouano Lagoon (Libjo) – is hidden from the rock formation between barangay Arellano and Plaridel. The perpetual serenity of the place adds ecstasy to its deep-bluish-clear water which is ideal for swimming and floating cottages.
140000 120000

PO PULATIO N

100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 1903 1918 1939 1948 1960 1970 1975 1980 1990 1995 2000 2006

Blue Lagoon (Libjo) - is located at Pangabangan Island at Barangay Magsaysay, Libjo with an estimated depth of about 12 feet during low tide and a width of about half a hectare. This lagoon has a crystal clear water ideal for snorkeling.

Source: NSO 2000, IPHO Surigao del Norte 2006

The province was once a municipality named Dinagat. From this municipality stemmed the six (6) other municipalities. In 1903, the population of the province was 5,243 and it rose to 116,068 in 2006. There is a dramatic increase of population during the 1970s due to the immigration of the members of the Philippine Benevolent Missionaries Association in the 1960s.

Tambongon Lagoon (Tubajon) - welcomes photography and scuba diving.

TOTAL POPULATION AND POPULATION DENSITY

SURF SITES

Campijagit Point (Cagdianao) - offers majestic waves that are good for surfing.
Source: IPHO Surigao del Norte 2006

The population density for the whole province is 120 persons per square kilometer. San Jose is the densest area among the municipalities with a population of 666 persons per square kilometer (sq. km.). Basilisa and Dinagat followed. Meanwhile, Loreto is the least densely populated at 38 persons per square kilometer (sq. km.).

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NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS AND AVERAGE SIZE

CAVES

Ouano Cave (Libjo) – A gigantic cave majestically located above Ouano Lagoon. Crystal quartz glitter on the walls, ceilings and ground blending with cool green pigments. The cave has a pond and long dark tunnels leading to nowhere.

Source: NSO 2000, IPHO Surigao del Norte 2006

NUMBER OF LIVEBIRTHS AND DEATHS PER MUNICIPALITY

DIVING SITES

Sangay Beach and Dive Site (Loreto) - is located at the eastern shore of Loreto facing the Pacific Ocean. It is a potential site for surfing and diving.

Source: NSO 2000

Baing Beach and Dive Site (San Jose) - a white sand beach located in Sitio Eviota, Matingbe, San Jose that can be reached via motorized banca with an approximate travel time of 15 minutes from the port of Poblacion, San Jose.

Dinagat had the least occurrence of live births. There were also 444 deaths recorded in the province of which 284 were male and 160 were female. Among the municipalities, San Jose had the highest number and Tubajon got the lowest incidence of death.

LAKES Lake Bababu (Basilisa) - is mountain lake nestled in vast walls of granite and surrounded by wild trees. A 45 – minute ride by boat from Surigao City and 1 ½ hour of hiking and climbing on the steeply sloping hill. A steep descent to the lake adds thrill to avid adventurers and offers fine views to numerous small caves.

RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONS
In terms of religious affiliations, 53% of the total population is Roman Catholic. The four (4) other most common religious affiliation is Philippine Independent Church (PIC) or Aglipayan, 7th Day Adventist, United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP) and Iglesia ni Cristo which comprise 23%, 12%, 4% and 3% of the total population respectively.

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TOURIST ATTRACTIONS NATURAL ATTRACTIONS

POPULATION BY RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONS

53%

ISLANDS AND BEACHES

Roman Catholic PIC/Aglipayan 7th Day Adventist UCCP 23% 4% Others Iglesia ni Cristo No Data

Pangabangan Island (Libjo) – is located at the western side of Libjo. It is about 20 minutes pumpboat ride from the poblacion. With a size of about 2.5 hectares, it is blessed with fine-white-sand, untouched nature. Rock formation towering over the deep bluish clear water with wonderful corral reefs. Viewed from the island, the beautifully scattered ‘Romantic Islets’ are comparable to the Hundred Islands of Pangasinan. Bitaug Beach (Basilisa) - is the new paradise of the island, south of Basilisa. It offers powder-white sand beach with rock formations. It can be reached by sea transportation for about an hour and a half trip from the service center.

1% 3% 4% 12%

Source: NSO 2000

HOUSING AND SETTLEMENT
The feasibility of housing project in the province is not a problem, since wide tracks of land are available to be developed as residential areas. The province also possesses a relative abundance of the basic raw materials needed for housing construction. Assistance programs such as Resettlement Program, Communitybased Land Tenurial Assistance Programs, Cooperative Housing Program and Joint-Venture Programs (DICP) are offered in the locality.
OCCUPIED HOUSING UNITS PER MUNICIPALITY
4,820 4,802

No. of Occupied Housing Units

Sundayo Beach (Basilisa) – is ideal for snorkeling with islets in different shapes and sizes that surround it. It is near Lake Bababu and can be reached by an hour and a half boat trip from Surigao City.

5,000 4,500 4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 -

3,072 2,537 1,904

Pig-ot Hideaway Beach (Libjo) - A cluster of islets that looks like broken emeralds slapped on the aquamarine surface of the water. One can witness the different aquatic species gliding and hiding behind coral reefs. This hideaway is indeed heavenly especially for adventure, leisure seekers and nature lovers. 30

1,738 1,313

San Jose Basilisa

Libjo Cagdianao Dinagat

Loreto

Tubajon

Source: NSO 2000

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Of the total occupied housing units, 83.38% are owned and amortized, 8.98% occupied for free with owners consent, 6.86% occupied for free without owners’ consent, 2.38% rented and 4.58% are not reported. This means that majority of the people have the financial resources to own a property given the availability of land and raw materials.

NUMBER OF INDUSTRIES

TOTAL OCCUPIED HOUSING UNITS BY CONDITION OF THE BUILDING PER MUNICIPALITY

Sources: MCLUPs & MPDO of San Jose 1998-1999

COMMERCE AND TRADE
NUMBER OF REGISTERED BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENT BY TYPE
Source: NSO 2000

INCOME, EXPENDITURES AND POVERTY INCIDENCE
The average annual family income and expenditure for the province of Surigao del Norte is observed at Php 80,261.00 and Php 70,820.00 respectively for the year 2000. Consequently, average per capita income is Php 18,948.00 and average per capita expenditure is Php 16,450.00. Based from this, average savings per family and per capita are Php 9,981.00 and Php 2,498.00 respectively. Based from the NSCB report, the municipality of Basilisa and Loreto have the highest and lowest poverty incidence respectively. Average poverty incidence in the province is 0.6437. it means that 0.6437 of the population are below the poverty line. Poverty gap is measured at 0.2434 and severity is 0.1174.
20 Metal & Electrical Works 31 Bakery/Carenderia/Food Services 68 88 934 Vegetables, Meat & Marine Products Sari-sari store/Dry Goods

Sources: DTI, Surigao del Norte Seven Municipal Treasurer’s Office

FIVE MAJOR BUSINESSES
Commercial Trade

0

200

400

600

800

1000

COUNT

Source: MCLUPs & MPDO of San Jose 1998-1999

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POULTRY POULTRY POPULATION
0.8 0.6

POVERTY MEASURES

VALUE

0.4 0.2 0.0

Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics 2003
Gap

Basilisa 0.7268 0.2883 0.1431

Cagdianao 0.7202 0.2853 0.1412

Dinagat 0.5973 0.2162 0.1010

Libjo 0.6765 0.2598 0.1263

Loreto 0.4940 0.1699 0.0775

San Jose 0.6493 0.2425 0.1158

Tubajon 0.6418 0.2420 0.1167

Incidence

MINING AND QUARRYING There are 17,113.91 hectares of land devoted to mining and quarrying activities. Cagdianao covers the largest percentage share with 55.70%. Loreto follows with 16.38% while Libjo ranks last with only 4.36%. Chromite is the primary resources mined in the province. Total production of Chromite is 12,167.61 metric tons. Concentrate metallurgical chromite accounts for 66.24% of the total volume of production while lumpy metallurgical chromite comprises 33.76%. The total production of metallurgical chromite values at Php 40,113,160.03 production while the lumpy type comprises 37.75%. CONSOLIDATED PRODUCTION AND SALES OF MINERAL COMMODITIES

Severity

Source: NSCB 2000

Of the total family expenditures, 50.2% is spent on food, 10.1% on rental of occupied dwelling unit, 6.0% on fuel/light/water, 5.7% on miscellaneous expenditures such as gifts and contributions for special occasions, 4.7% on education and 23.3% on other expenditures. Other expenditures include transportation and communication, medical care, taxes, recreation and clothing among others.

DISTRIBUTION ON FAMILY EXPENDITURES

Food 23.3% Rental of Occupied Units Fuel/Light/Water 4.7% 5.7% 50.2% Miscellaneous (Gifts/Special Occasions) Education Others 10.1%

Source: Mines & Geo-Sciences Bureau XIII (what year?)

6.0%

INDUSTRY There are 42 industries engaging in arts and handicrafts, while only one is engaged in citronella production. The making of charcoal from coconut shells is another common industry in the province.

Source: NSO 2000

EDUCATION
Generally, the people in the Province of Dinagat Islands have undergone formal education. A large segment of the population completed elementary and high school education. 28 13

The island has seven (7) school districts. It has 124 pre-schools, 19 primary schools, 94 elementary schools, 24 secondary schools but it has only one college. A huge number of Dinagatnons usually go to Surigao City for tertiary level of education and quite a number opted to go to Cebu City, Cagayan de Oro City, Butuan City and Marawi City. On technical vocational education and training (TVET), there is only one technical vocational institution (TVI) the Don Jose Ecleo Memorial Foundation College of Science and Technology (DJEMFCST). Dinagat School of Fisheries (DOF) has reverted to the DepEd by virtue of the trifocalization of the management in the education sector and has ceased to technical vocational programs. Programs being offered by this lone TVET institution are information technology management and electrical and electronic technology. NUMBER OF SCHOOL BY LEVEL OF EDUCATION PER MUNICIPALITY

LIVESTOCK

LIVESTOCK POPULATION

Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics 2003

Among the seven municipalities, Dinagat has the most number of livestock with 6,223 or 27.18% of the total number of livestock in the province. Libjo and Basilisa follow with 25.66% and 18.28% respectively. Cagdianao has the least percentage of 10.32%. There is a total income of 172,982 pesos generated from livestock raising. Off-farm income contributes the largest with 58,843 pesos while non-farm generates the least with 46,920 pesos.

HOUSEHOLD INCOME BASED ON FARMING

Source: DepEd Surigao del Norte Division, SY 2003-2004

Majority of the population have undergone formal education, the Dinagatnons in general has 94.09% literacy rate with population ranging five years old and above. The province has 96.14% functional literacy rate within 15 years old and above population. The Municipality of Tubajon has the highest literacy rate of 96.88%.

Source: DLR-PMEU based on ARCM 3Q2004

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CLASSROOM-STUDENT RATIO
TEN MOST EXPENSIVE FISH SPECIES BY AVERAGE PRICE PER KILO
70.00 70.00 80.00 80.00 80.00 100.00 120.00 120.00 120.00 180.00

INSTITUTIONAL ROOMS ANALYSIS ELEMENTARY LEVEL

Manimbuyaw Suyahan Bat-og Boras Langog Bariles Kuyabotan Lapu-lapu Tangigi Bangus

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

Price per kilo

Source: DepEd Surigao del Norte Division, SY 2003-2004

Source: Municipal Fisheries Profile 2005

SECONDARY LEVEL
NUMBER OF FISHERMEN BY GEARS USED
787 6308 83 372 1093 219 61 3218 30 3 2

Oyang-oyang/Gill Net Hook and Line Buso/Cast Net Fish Cord/Net Spear Gun Rison Dapal Fish/Crab Pot Pamo/Drift Net Liba-liba Bobo/Fish Trap

Source: DepEd Surigao del Norte Division, SY 2003-2004

TEACHER-STUDENT RATIO TEACHER DEPLOYMENT ANALYSIS

0

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

6000

7000

ELEMENTARY LEVEL

COUNT

Source: Municipal Fisheries Profile 2001-2005

There are a lot of concerns in the fishery sector. One problem is the lack of fishing technology and facilities in the province. Another is the prevalence of illegal fishing activities. The absence of proper delineation of municipal waters and the encroachment by commercial fishers into the municipal waters are major issues that hound the local fishing industry.

Source: DepEd Surigao del Norte Division, SY 2003-2004

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SECONDARY LEVEL

There is a total fish production of 161.5 metric tons in 2005. Dilis has the largest volume of catch of 38 metric tons. Hawol-hawol or Tamban follows with 28.1 metric tons. Timbongan ranks tenth with 3.25 metric tons.

VOLUME OF PRODUCTION OF TEN MAJOR SPECIES
38 28.1 8.6

Dilis Hawol-hawol/Tamban Katambak Nokos Anduhaw Balo Budloy Boras Tulingan Timbongan

Source: DepEd Surigao del Norte Division, SY 2003-2004

7 7 5.5 5

HEALTH AND NUTRITION
Every RHU in the municipality conducts an annual program called “Operation Timbang”. In 2003, the result revealed that 67% of the children weighed (aged 6 years and under) are within normal weight. Only 29% are below normal weight and 4% are above normal weight. Among the municipalities, Cagdianao has the most number of underweight and overweight children.

3.5 3.5 3.25

0

10

20
VOLUME (MT)

30

40

Source: Municipal Fisheries Profile 2005

OPERATION TIMBANG RESULTS FOR CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Above Normal Weight, 4% Below Normal Weight, 29%

In 2005, bangus is the most expensive species of fish, costing an average price of Php 180 per kilo. Tangigi, Lapu-lapu and Kuyobotan follow with Php 120. Manimbuyaw and Suyahan both cost Php 70 per kilo.

Within Normal Weight, 67%

Source: IPHO Surigao del Norte 2003

In 2006, only 11.81% of the total live births or deliveries were attended by doctors, 0.25% by nurses and 23.99% by midwives. Majority of live births of 61.81% were attended by trained hilots. Of the total live births, 69.97% were delivered at home while only 29.90% were delivered at the hospital. A good number of residents would resort to “manghihilots” because 16 25

IRRIGATION Irrigation systems are established throughout the whole province. There is a total land area of 720 hectares being irrigated and 806 farmers being served by these irrigation systems. Irrigated wet farms have a total area of 637 hectares while dry farms have an area of 455 hectares. However, there is still insufficiency of irrigation systems in the province especially in the municipalities of Loreto and Tubajon. Other than lack of irrigation, the conversion of agricultural land to residential land is another problem. Rice production deficit is also a concern in the agriculture sector of the province. The 2003 Bureau of Agricultural Statistics that rice production reached a volume of 6,225.25 metric tons. Total consumption of rice totaled 15,615.03 metric tons. As a consequence, there is a rice deficit of 9,389.78 metric tons. Another predicament being faced by the farmers is the lack of capital to meet the demand for fertilizer and farm chemicals.

it is affordable and convenient, and hospitals are not that accessible. Even if the facilities-hospital, RHU, BHS were near their area, the availability of personnel is still uncertain. Fortunately, majority of the deliveries were categorized as normal deliveries where only 22.04% were considered risky.
PERCENTAGE OF DELIVERIES BY ATTENDEE
Untrained Hilot, 31 Others, 3 Doctors, 188 Nurses,

Midwives, 382 Trained Hilot, 984

FISHERIES FISHERY STATISTICS
Source: IPHO Surigao del Norte 2006 *hilots or manghihilots – traditional health practitioners/midwives

PERCENTAGE OF DELIVERIES BY LOCATION

Others, 2 Hospital, 476

Source: Municipal Fisheries Profile, 2001 Bureau of Agricultural Statistics

Home, 1,114

Source: IPHO Surigao del Norte 2006

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PERCENTAGE OF DELIVERIES BY TYPE OF PREGNANCY
Crop
Unknown, 345 Risk, 351

CROP PRODUCTION STATISTICS CY 2004 Harvest Area (HA) 26,179.00 605.00 93,300.00 1,160.00 18.00 75.00 720.00 1,220.00 Production (MT) 67,629.00 668.00 89,790.33 9,645.33 11.75 31.60 3,535.00 40,526.63

Normal, 896

Palay Coconut Corn Banana Coffee Cacao Vegetables (all kinds) Root crops (all kinds)

Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics Source: IPHO Surigao del Norte 2006

CROP PRODUCTION BY VOLUME (MT) In 2006, the leading causes of morbidity are Acute Upper Respiratory Infection (AURI), Tuberculosis, Influenza, Diarrhea and Pneumonia. Respiratory infections are the leading causes of morbidity. These infectious diseases can be caused by viral or bacterial infections. It is usually a result of an unhealthy environment and poor nutrition. Meanwhile, the leading causes of mortality are Tuberculosis, Heart Disease, Myocardial infection, Cancer and Pneumonia. The leading causes of death are mostly degenerative disease.

Source: MAOs & CLUPs 2005-2007 Phil. Coconut Authority, Surigao del Norte

INVENTORY OF FARM MACHINERIES AND FACILITIES

Source: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics 1999 Source: Municipal RHUs 2006

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NUMBER OF CASES

or covered multi-functional gymnasiums, billiard halls and sing-along houses. Construction and enhancement of additional athletic grounds and playgrounds should be taken into consideration. At present, only the Municipality of Cagdianao has an athletic ground which also served as a playground. Gymnasiums also need enhancement to improve present conditions.

LEADING CAUSES OF MORTALITY
80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

ECONOMIC PROFILE
AGRICULTURE The Province of Dinagat Islands is considered as an agricultural area. Agricultural lands cover an area of about 35,265.7 hectares. This comprises 36.44% of the province total land area. Among the seven municipalities of the islands, Loreto contributes the largest in the total agricultural land area with 25,587 hectares. Libjo follows with 20,748.96 hectares, San Jose has the least with 3,849 hectares.

Tuberculosis Hyper Myocardial Cardiovascular Infection Disease

Cancer

Pneumonia

Source: Municipal RHUs 2006

CROP PRODUCTION BY AREA

HEALTH FACILITIES AND PERSONNEL
Dinagat Islands is divided into two inter local health zones. These are the North Zone which comprises municipality of Loreto, Libjo and Tubajon. The South Zone is composed of San Jose, Dinagat, Cagdianao and Basilisa. The South Zone is served by 1 district hospital located in Dinagat. On the other hand, the North Zone has two hospitals – Albor District Hospital and Loreto District Hospital.
HEALTH PERSONNEL, NUMBER OF MUNICIPALITIES SERVED AND NUMBER OF BEDS PER DISTRICT HOSPITAL

Source: MAOs & CLUPs 2005-2007 Phil. Coconut Authority, Surigao del Norte (unit used)
NUMBER

50 40 30 20 10 0 Albor District Dinagat District Loreto District Hospital Hospital Hospital 37 2 10 41 3 30 13 2 10

Health Personnel Municipalities Served Beds

Source: IPHO Surigao del Norte 2006

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SAFE WATER ACCESS AND SANITATION
In 2006, there are 21,147 households in the province. Among those, 92.34% have access to safe water, 78.68% have sanitary toilets and 63.70% have satisfactory garbage disposal. Since a large number of households are equipped with such facilities, sanitation within the households is not a problem. However, waste disposal is a problem outside the limits of their home. Environmental factors contribute to the over-all health condition of the people. Thus, there is a need to put together an effective waste disposal management – may it be within the households or within every community.
HOUSEHOLDS WITH SAFE WATER ACCESS, SANITARY TOILETS AND SATISFACTORY GARBAGE DISPOSAL

NUMBER OF BARANGAY HEALTH STATION

Source: IPHO Surigao del Norte 2006

PROTECTIVE SERVICES
The problem besetting the province, especially in the municipality of Tubajon in particular is the risk to the environment and natural resources. It is inevitable to include the fish habitats and forestlands which are the most vulnerable sectors in the environmental protection programs of the Philippine National Police, hand in hand with the efforts of the Provincial Government. All the programs are geared toward the eradication of destructive activities such as illegal logging and fishing that are chronic problems according to the Philippine National Police. The seven (7) municipalities have Barangay at Pulisya Laban sa Krimen (BPLK) members in every barangay. They actively participate in activities and programs initiated by the local government and the PNP. But lack of equipments such as handheld radios, handcuffs, among others, affect their response to emergencies. It is also a necessity to establish enough BPLK outposts in every barangay.

NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS

20000 18000 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 access to safe water sanitary toilet satisfactory garbage disposal

Source: IPHO Surigao del Norte 2006

FIRE PREVENTION
NUMBER OF HEALTH WORKERS PER MUNICIPALITY There are two (2) fire stations operating in the Province of Dinagat Islands. These stations are based in the municipalities of Dinagat and San Jose. Establishment of additional stations for the five remaining municipalities and procurement of sufficient equipments should be prioritized to prevent future fire related emergencies keeping up with the projected growth of the province. The existing and additional fire stations should meet the standard fireman population ratio of 1 fireman is to 100 population in the municipal area.

SPORTS AND RECREATION FACILITIES
Sports and recreation facilities in the Province of Dinagat Islands are mostly comprised of outdoor basketball courts, volleyball courts, indoor 20 21

Source: IPHO Surigao del Norte 2006

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