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Probability
(Q.1) The probability of getting a number greater than 2 or an even number in a single throw of a fair die is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D) None
(Q.2) The chance that a non leap year contains 53 Saturday is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.3) In a single throw of two dice, the probability of getting a sum of 10 is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D) None
(Q.4) When two dice are thrown, the probability of getting equal numbers is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) 1(C) (D) 0
(Q.5) The probability for a leap year to have 52 Mondays & 53 Sundays is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.6) one card is drawn from a well-shuffld deck of 52 card . The probability that the (1 Mark)
card drawn ,will be a king of red colour

(A) .(B) . (C) .(D) .
(Q.7) From a group of 2 boys and 3 girls, two children are selected at random. Find the probability that both the (1 Mark)
selected children are girls.

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.8) Cards marked with number 13, 14, 15, ………,60 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly. One card is (1 Mark)
drawn at random from the box. Find the probability that the number on the drawn card is a number which is a
perfect square.

(A) (B) (C) (D) 1/52
(Q.9) Two dices are thrown at a time. The probability that the difference of the numbers shown (1 Mark)
on the dices is 2 is:

(A) (B) (C) (D) 2/5
(Q.10) One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Calculate the probability that card will be an ace. (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D) 0
(Q.11) A book containing 100 pages is opened at random. The probability that a doublet page is found is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B)
2

If you put a battery of this company in your car, what is the probability that the battery will last for more than 36
months
(A) 0.5(B) 0.74(C) 0.85(D) 0.90
(Q.17) The probability of getting an even number when a die is rolled: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D) None

(Q.18) The probability for a randomly selected number out of 1, 2, 3, 4, …25 to be a even number is (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(1 Mark)
(Q.19) The percentage of marks obtained by a students in maths test is as given below -

Unit test I II III
Percentage % 75 80 85
Probability that the student secures more than 80% in test is

(A) .(B) . (C) . (D) .
(Q.20) The probability of occurring of two heads when two coins are tossed (1 Mark)
simultaneously

(A) .(B) .(C) .(D) .
(Q.21) The probability of occurring of a multiple of 2 when a dice is thrown (1 Mark)

(A) .(B) .(C) .(D) .
(Q.22) A die is thrown 50 times with the following frequency for the out comes of (1 Mark)
1,2,3,4
As- outcomes 1 2 3 4
Frequency 10 20 25 30 The probabilities of outcomes less than 3 is
(A) 0.2(B) 0.5(C) 0.6(D) 1
(Q.23) The probability of three coins falling all heads up when tossed simultaneously is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D) None
(Q.24) The probability that a vowel selected at random in English language is an ‘o’ is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D) None
(Q.25) When two dice are thrown, the probability of getting a number always greater than 4 on (1 Mark)
the second:

(A) (B) (C) (D) None
(Q.26) In a throw of a dice, the probability of getting a prime no. is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D) 6
(Q.27) From a normal pack of cards, a card is drawn at random. The probability of getting a jack or a king is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D) None
(Q.28) A bag contains 3 white & 5 red balls. If a ball is drawn at random, the probability that the drawn ball to (1 Mark)
red is:
(1 Mark)
(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.29) Two dice are thrown at a time. The probability that the difference of the numbers shown on the dice is 1 is:

(A) (B) (C) (D) None
(Q.30) The probability for a randomly selected number out of 1, 2, 3, 4, …25 to be a prime number is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.31) A card is drawn from a pocket of 100 cards numbered 1 to 100. The probability of drawing a number. (1 Mark)
Which is square is:

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.32) The probability that in a family of 3 children there will be atleast one boy is: (1 Mark)
3

(A) (B) (C) (D)

(Q.33) 400 students of class X of a school appeared in a test of 100 marks in the subject of Math’s & (1 Mark)
the data about the marks secured is as below:

If the result card of a student be picked up at random, what is the probability that the student has secured more
that 50 marks?
(A) 0.315(B) 0.325(C) 3.6(D) 30.3
(Q.34) Fifty seeds were selected at random from 5 bags A, B, C, D, E of seeds and these were kept (1 Mark)
under standardized conditions equally favourable to germination. After 20 days , the number of
seeds which had germinated in each collection were counted & recorded as follow:

What is probability of more than 40 germinated seeds in a bag?
(A) 0(B) 0.60(C) 0.5(D) 0.25
(Q.35) A die is thrown 1000 times with the frequencies for the outcomes 1,2,3,4,5,& 6 as given in table belo (1 Mark)

What is the probability of getting 1 as out come 9 ?
(A) 0.5(B) 0.190(C) 0.180(D) 0.13
(Q.36) There are 500 packets in a large box & each packet contains 4 electric devices in it. On testing (1 Mark)
at the time of packing, it was noted that there are some faulty pieces in the pockets. The data is as

below:

If one packet is drawn from the box, what is probability that all the four devices in the packet are without any
faults?
(A) 0.1(B) 0.2(C) 0.6(D) 0.8
(Q.37) A bag contains 3 red balls and 5 black balls. A ball is drawm at random from the bag. (1 Mark)
What is probability that the ball drawn is red ?
(A) 1/8(B) 2/8(C) 3/8(D) 5/8
(Q.38) Three unbiased coins are tossed together. Find the probability of getting exactly two heads up (1 Mark)
(1 Mark)
(A) (B) (C) (D) 1
(Q.39) A bag contains 5 white & 7 red balls. If a ball is drawn at random, the probability that the drawn ball to
red is

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.40) Out of 400 bulbs in a box, 15 bulbs are defective. One bulb is taken out at (1 Mark)
random from the box. Find the probability that the drawn bulb is not defective.

(A) (B) (C) (D) 1
(Q.41) Two numbers are chosen from 1 to 7. The probability for the two numbers to be (1 Mark)
consecutive is:

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.42) The probability of getting an odd number when a die is rolled is: (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D) 2/7
(Q.43) A card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 playing cards. Find the probability (1 Mark)
that the card is neither an ace nor a king.
(1 Mark)
(A) (B) (C) (D) 3/13
(Q.44) From a normal pack of cards, a card is drawn at random. The probability of
getting a Spade is:

(A) (B) (C) (D) 1/8
4

(Q.45) A dice is thrown twice. Find the probability of getting doublets. (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.46) If a letter is chosen at random from the English alphabets, find the probability (1 Mark)
that the letter is a vowel.

(A) (B) (C) (D) 4/6
(Q.47) A letter is chosen at random from the letters of the word ‘ASSASSINATION’. Find (1 Mark)
the probability that the letter chosen is a vowel.

(A) (B) (C) (D) 2/7
(Q.48) Gopi buys a fish from a shop for his aquarium. The shopkeeper takes out one fish at random from a tank (1 Mark)
containing 5 male fish and 8 female fish. What is the probability that the fish taken out is a male fish?

(A) (B) (C) 1/5(D) 2/7
(Q.49) Three unbiased coins are tossed together. Find the probability of getting all heads. (1 Mark)

(A) 0(B) 1(C) (D)
(Q.50) Savita and Hamida are friends. What is the probability that both will have the same birthday? (1 Mark)

(A) 1(B) (C) (D) 0
(Q.51) If the probability of winning a game is 0.3, what is the probability of losing it? (1 Mark)
(A) 0.4(B) 0.6(C) 0.7(D) 0.9
(Q.52) A bag contains 3 red balls, 5 black balls and 4 white balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. What is (1 Mark)
the probability that the ball drawn is white?

(A) 1(B) (C) (D)
(Q.53) A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards. Find the probability that the card is (1 Mark)
neither a red card nor a queen.

(A) 1/15 (B) (C) (D)
(Q.54) Two dice are thrown simultaneously. Find the probability of getting the sum a (1 Mark)
multiple of 3 and an even number.
(A) 1 / 6(B) 1 / 24(C) 1/ 36(D) 5/ 48
(Q.55) The probability for a randomly selected number out of 1, 2, 3, ,..…35 to be a multiple of 7 is (1 Mark)

(A) (B) (C) (D)
(Q.56) A coin is tossed 25 times while tail occurred 15 times ,In this situation (1 Mark)
probability of getting a tail is

(A) .(B) . (C) .(D) .
(Q.57) A bag contains 5 Red and 7 Blue balls .The probability of drawing a blue ball (1 Mark)
from the bag is

(A) .(B) .(C) .(D) .
(Q.58) 7 bags of rice, each marked 10 kg, actually contained the following weights of (1 Mark)
rice(in Kg.)10.01, 9.97, 10.03, 9.96, 10.04, 10.06, 9.98. Then the probability of that
any of these bags chosen at random contain less than 10 kg of rice is

(A) .(B) .(C) .(D) 1.
(Q.59) A letter is selected at random from the word “ Elephant “ the probability that the (1 Mark)
selected letter is a vowel

(A) .(B) .(C) . (D) .
(Q.60) A coin is tossed 100 times with the following frequencies: Tail: 55 (1 Mark)
Head: 45, the probability for occurrence of heads is

(A) .(B) .(C) 0.55 .(D) 0.45 .
(Q.61) Cards marked with numbers 3,4,5…… 50 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly. One (2 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI 2007]
5

card is drawn at random from the box. Find the probability that number on the drawn card is
1). divisible by 7 , 2). a number which is a perfect square.
(Q.62) A bag contains 5 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue ball (3 Marks)
from the bag is thrice that of a red ball. Find the number of blue balls in the bag. [CBSE-DELHI 2007]

(Q.63) A bag contains 6 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue ball (3 Marks)
from the bag is thrice that of a red ball. Find the number of blue balls in the bag. [CBSE-DELHI 2007]

(Q.64) A bag contains 5 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue ball (3 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI 2007]
from the bag is four times that of a red ball. Find the number of blue balls in the bag.
(Q.65) A box contains 5 red balls, 4 green balls and 7 white balls. A ball is drawn at random (2 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
from the box. Find the probability that the ball drawn is (a) White ball (b) neither red nor white. Delhi 2007]

(Q.66) All the three face cards of spades are removed from a well–shuffled pack of 52 cards. A (3 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
card is then drawn at random from the remaining pack. Find the probability of getting: Delhi 2007]
a. a black face card
b. a queen
c. a black card
(Q.67) A box contains 20 balls bearing numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, ..., 20. A ball is drawn at random from (4 Marks)
the box. What is the probability that the number on the ball is: [CBSE-DELHI
2006]
(a) An odd number (b) divisible by 2 or 3(c) prime number (d) Not divisible by 10.
(Q.68) A bag contains 5 white balls, 7 red balls, 4 black balls and 2 blue balls. One ball is drawn (4 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
at random from the bag. What is the probability that the ball drawn is:
2006]
i. White or blue ii. Red or black iii. Not white iv. Neither white nor black.
(Q.69) A card is drawn at random from a well- shuffled deck of playing cards. Find the (4 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
probability that the card drawn is: i. a king or a jack ii. a non-ace iii. a red card iv. neither a
2006]
king nor a queen.
(Q.70) A card is drawn at random from a well- shuffled deck of playing cards. Find the (4 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
probability that the card drawn is: Delhi 2006]
i. A card of spades or an ace
ii. A red king
iii. Neither a king nor a queen
iv. Either a king or a queen.
(Q.71) A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards. Find the Probability that the card drawn (4 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
is neither a red card nor a queen. 2005]

(Q.72) Find The probability that a number selected from the numbers 1 to 25 is not a prime number when each of (4 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
given number is equally likely to be selected. 2005]
(Q.73) There are 30 cards, of same size, in a bag on which numbers 1 to 30 are written. One card is taken out of (4 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI 2006]
the bag at random. Find the probability that the number on the selected card is not divisible by 3.
(Q.74) A bag contains 8 red, 6 white and 4 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from (4 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
the bag. Find the probability that the drawn ball is:
(i) red or white (ii) not black (iii) neither white nor black ]
Delhi 2005

(Q.75) A bag contains 5 red, 8 white and 7 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. Find the (4 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
probability that the drawn ball is:(i) red or white (ii) not black (iii) neither white nor black ]
Delhi 2005

Q.76) A bag contains 5 black, 7 red and 3 white balls. A ball is drawn from the bag at random. (4 Marks)
Find the probability that the ball drawn is [CBSE-DELHI
2004]
(i) red (ii) black or white (iii) not black
(Q.77) A card is drawn at random from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of getting (4 Marks)
[CBSE-
(a) a queen (b) a diamond (c) a king or an ace d) a red ace DELHI 2003]

(Q.78) A card is drawn from an ordinary pack and a gambler bets that it is a spade or an (3 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI
ace. What are the odds against his winning this bet? 2003]
(Q.79) A bag contains 4 red, 5 black and 6 white balls. A ball is drawn from the bag at random. (4 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside
Find the probability that the ball drawn is (i) white(ii) red(iii) not black (iv) red or white Delhi 2004]

(Q.80) A bag contains 7 black, 5 red and 3 white balls. A ball is drawn from the bag at random. (4 Marks)
Find the probability that the ball drawn is(i) red (ii) black or white (iii) not black [CBSE-DELHI 2004]

(Q.81) A die is thrown once. Find the probability of getting(i) an even prime number (2 Marks)
[CBSE-DELHI 2008]
(ii) a multiple of 3.
(Q.82) From a well shuffled pack of cards, a card is drawn at random. Find the (1 Mark)
[CBSE-DELHI 2008]
probability of getting a black queen.
(Q.83) Cards, marked with number 5 to 50 are placed in a box and mixed thoroughly. A card is (2 Marks)
[CBSE-Outside Delhi 2008]
drawn from the box at random. Find the probability that the number on the taken out card is:
1. A prime number less than 10.2. A number which is a perfect square.
(Q.84) A bag contains 4 red and 6 black balls. A ball is taken out of the bag at random. Find the probability of (1 Mark)
[CBSE-Outside Delhi
getting a black ball. 2008]
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(Q.85) A die is thrown. Find the probability of getting a number greater than 4. (1 Mark)
(Q.86) In a simultaneous throw of a pair of dice, find the probability of getting 8 as (3 Marks)
a sum.
(Q.87) Three coins are tossed together. Find the probability of getting exactly two (3 Marks)
heads.
(Q.88) A bag contains 5 white and 7 red balls. One ball is drawn at random. What is the (1 Mark)
probability that the ball drawn is white?
(Q.89) A bag contains 3 red balls and 5 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the (1 Mark)
bag. What is the probability that the ball drawn is i. red?ii. black?
(Q.90) Why is tossing a coin considered to be a fair way to decide which team should (1 Mark)
choose ends in a game of cricket?
(Q.91) There are 30 cards, of same size, in a bag on which numbers 1 to 30 are written. (2 Marks)
One card is taken out of the bag at random. Find the probability that the number on the
selected card is not divisible by 3.
(Q.92) A bag contains 5 red, 8 white and 7 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from (3 Marks)
the bag. Find the probability that the drawn ball is(i) red or white.(ii) not black.
(iii) neither white nor black.
(Q.93) A game of chance consists of spinning an arrow which comes to rest pointing to (4 Marks)
one of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, …, 16 as shown in the figure, and these are equally likely
outcomes. What is the probability that it will point at 1. 10? 2. an odd number? 3. a multiple
of 3? 4. an even number?
(Q.94) Find the probability that a number selected from the numbers 1 to 25 is not a odd number when each of (1 Mark)
the given numbers is equally likely to be selected.
(Q.95) A bag contains 8 red, 6 white and 4 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. Find the (3 Marks)
probability that the ball drawn is 1. red or white.2. not black. 3. neither white nor black.
(Q.96) Find the probability that a number selected at random from the numbers 1, 2, 3, ..., 35 is a 1. multiple of (3 Marks)
7. 2. multiple of 3 and 5. 3. multiple of 3 or 5.
(Q.97) From a pack of 52 cards jacks, queens, kings and aces of red colour are removed. From the remaining, a (4 Marks)
card is drawn at random. Find the probability that the card drawn is 1. a black queen. 2. a red card. 3. a black
jack. 4. a picture card.
(Q.98) 13 defective pens are mixed with 130 good ones. It is not possible to just look at (1 Mark)
pen and tell whether it is defective or not. One pen is taken out at random from this lot.
Determine the probability that the pen taken out is not a defective one?
(Q.99) A child has a die whose six faces show the letters as given below. (1 Mark)

The die is thrown once. What is the probability of getting 1. A? 2. D?
(Q.100) A game consists of tossing a one rupee coin 3 times. Hanif wins if all the tosses give the same result that is (3 Marks)
three heads or three tails, and loses otherwise. Calculate the probability that Hanif will lose the game.

Most Important Questions
(Q.1) Q1. Fill in the blanks :
(a) The probability of an impossible event is _______.
(b) The probability of a sure event is _______.
(c) Probability of an event ‘E’ plus the probability of an event ‘not E’ = ______.
(Q.2) Which of the following cannot be the probability of an event?

(a) (b) – 0.75(c) 2.22(d) 40%
(Q.3) It is given that the probability of getting a defective bulb from a lot of bulbs is 0.007. What
is the probability that a bulb drawn at random will not be defective?
(Q.4) 22 defective pencils are accidentally mixed with 143 good ones. It is not possible to just
look at a pencil and judge whether it is defective or not. One pencil is taken out at random from
this lot. Determine the probability that the pencil taken out is a good one.
(Q.5) It is given that in a group of 3 students, the probability of 2 students not having the same
birthday is 0.907. What is the probability that the two students have the same birthday?
(Q.6) A bag contains 3 blue, 4 white and 5 green balls. If a ball is drawn at random
from the box, what is the probability that it will be
(a) Blue(b) White(c) Green ?
(Q.7) A game consists of tossing a one rupee coin 3 times and noting its outcome each time. Pam
wins if all the tosses give the same result i.e. three heads or three tails, and loses otherwise.
Calculate the probability that Pam will lose the game.
(Q.8) Aditya and Arnav are friends. What is the probability that both will have
(a) different birthdays?(b) the same birthday? (Ignore the leap year)
(Q.9) A bag contains 7 red, 2 blue and 5 green balls. If a ball is drawn at random from the box, what
is the probability that it will be(a) Red(b) Not red ?
(Q.10) Pallavi buys a fish from a shop for his aquarium. The shopkeeper takes out one fish at
random from a tank containing 9 female fish and 6 male fish. What is the probability that the
7

fish taken out is a female fish?
(Q.11) A letter is chosen at random from the letters of the word ‘MATHEMATICS’. Find the
probability that the letter chosen is a (a) vowel (b) consonant.
(Q.12) Two dice are thrown simultaneously. Find the probability of getting :
(a) A total of at least 9.(b) An even number as the sum.(c) A doublet i.e. the same number on
both dice.
(Q.13) Three unbiased coins are tossed simultaneously. Find the probability of getting
(a) all heads(b) one head two heads
(Q.14) 17 cards numbered 1, 2, 3,……….,17 are put in a box and mixed thoroughly. One person
draws a card from the box. Find the probability that the number on the card is (a) odd
(b) a prime(c) divisible by 3(d) divisible by 3 and 2 both?
(Q.15) A child has a block in the shape of a cube with one letter written on each face as shown below :

The cube is thrown once. What is the probability of getting (a) A(b) C ?
(Q.16) A game of chance consists of spinning an arrow which comes to rest pointing at one of the
numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and these are equally likely outcomes. Refer to the figure. What is
the probability that it will point at(a) 4(b) an even number(c) a number less than 9(d) a number
greater than 5?

(Q.17) There are 48 students in a class amongst which 16 are girls. The teacher has to choose a
class monitor. What is the probability that the monitor is a (a) girl(b) boy ?
(Q.18) A piggy bank contains hundred 50 paise coins, fifty Re. 1 coins, twenty Rs. 2 coins and ten
Rs. 5 coins. If it is equally likely that one of the coins will fall out when the piggy bank is turned
upside down, what is the probability that the coin(a) will be a Re. 1 coin?(b) Will not be a Rs. 2
coin?
(Q.19) A and B throw a pair of dice. If A throws 9, find B’s chance of throwing a higher number.
(Q.20) A jar contains 24 marbles some are red and others are yellow. If a marble is drawn at random from

the jar, the probability that it is yellow is . Find the number of red marbles in the jar?

Q.1) A die is thrown. Find the probability of getting a number greater than 4. (1 Mark)
Q.2) In a simultaneous throw of a pair of dice, find the probability of getting 8 as a sum. (3 Marks)
Q.3) Three coins are tossed together. Find the probability of getting exactly two heads. (3 Marks)
Q.4) A bag contains 5 white and 7 red balls. One ball is drawn at random. What is the probability
that the ball drawn is white? (1 Mark)
Q.5) There are 30 cards, of same size, in a bag on which numbers 1 to 30 are written. One card is
taken out of the bag at random. Find the probability that the number on the selected card is not
divisible by 3. (2 Marks)
Q.6) A bag contains 5 red, 8 white and 7 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. Find
the probability that the drawn ball is
(i) red or white.(ii) not black.(iii) neither white nor black. (3 Marks)

Q.7) A bag contains 8 red, 6 white and 4 black balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag. Find the probability that the ball
drawn is 1. red or white.2. not black. 3. neither white nor black.(3 Marks)

Q.8) Find the probability that a number selected at random from the numbers 1, 2, 3, ..., 35 is a 1. multiple of 7.

2. multiple of 3 and 5. 3. multiple of 3 or 5.