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NURS 4440
Windshield Survey Tool For Community Health Nurses to be able to knowledgeably plan services for a community, it is essential to know a specific community, identify health-related resources that may be helpful to members, and learn about gaps in services. A windshield survey is conducted from a car and provides a visual overview of a community. Conditions and trends in the community that could affect the health of the population are noted. This data provides background and context for working in the community or for conducting a community assessment. The clinical instructor will make specific assignments for the Survey. Information gathered from this survey is to be incorporated in the group’s wiki for the Community Assessment Project. Notes Boundaries Are the boundaries geographical, political, or economic? How is this seen? Do neighborhoods have names? Are there subcommunities? How are these identified? Boundaries Geographical boundaries include I-77 and Lake Norman. Economic boundaries include Downtown Mill Area which appear to be older homes with a lower-middle class status. The rural areas of Mooresville contain a wide variety of homes from old to new and lower to higher appraised properties. Lake Norman, the newer part of Mooresville, contains higher to middle class homes. Some neighborhoods have names and some are stand alone. The older homes appear to be more the stand alone type, where the newer homes seem to be in developments. Sub-communities of Mooresville include Lake Norman. Lake Norman is identified by billboards and signs when entering the community.

Housing and Zoning What is the age of the buildings? What are the construction materials? Are the residences single family or multifamily dwellings? What is the size and condition of the lots (repaired or damaged)?

Housing and Zoning The ages of the buildings in this region range from early 1900’s to < 5 years old. Construction materials include brick, wood, vinyl siding, and manufactured homes. A majority of homes in this area are single family. There were some multifamily dwellings that are mainly noted in the Lake Norman area. The lots vary on the location of the home. Inside city limits are smaller lots

2 (less than one acre). The lots in the historical area are more developed with lots of shrubbery that are not very well kept. In the rural area, homes have more land that varies between trees and fields. The newer developed areas and Lake Norman have smaller lots but the lots are very well kept and include landscaping. Signs of Decay Is the area well maintained or in disrepair? Is there garbage strewn? Are there trashed/abandoned cars, places for rodents or other wildlife to hide, vacant lots? Signs of Decay Upper – middle class areas are very well maintained. In the lower income housing areas, there are piles of trash on the sides of the road. We saw several mattresses on the side of the road as well. A few homes had land filled with trashed cars. No rodents notes. Parks and Recreational Areas There are 12 parks in this region. Some nicer than others. All appeared to be kept in a safe, playable manner. Youth sports team use these parks, as well as children in play with their parents. Lazy 5 Ranch is a popular place for families to go to see exotic animals. They have Lamas, horses, giraffes, etc. Charles Mack Citizen Center is a civic center for numerous activities to include things such as self defense courses. Multiple Golf Courses – all open to public Common Areas The Prickly Pear is a mexican cuisine restaurant that has live music events. This place is open to the public. Queens Landing includes boat rides, putt-putt, piano bar, bumper boats and jet ski rentals. This place is open to the public. Other bars and restaurants all appear to be open to the public.

Parks and Recreational Areas Are there play areas for children and adults? Are they safe and maintained? Who uses them?

Common Areas Where do people collect for social gatherings of all sorts; where do they “hang out”? Are they for particular groups or are they open to all? Are there signs posted?

3 Stores What stores (grocery, retail, drug, dry cleaning, etc.) are in the area? How do residents travel to them? Stores Food Lion, Harris Teeter, Bottom Groceries, and Walmart Super Center. Rite-Aid, CVS, Walgreens, Medi-Cap Residents travel to these sites via privately owned vehicles. There are many small privately owned businesses such as coffee shops, restaurants and consignment shops that are found in the historical downtown district. Other areas have franchises such as blockbuster, Applebees, Walmart, etc. Transportation How do most people get around the area? Is there public transportation? If so what kind and does it appear to be used? Who uses it? What is the condition of the streets, roads, highways? Transportation People get around by privately owned vehicles. There is no public transportation at this time. There are signs posted of upcoming public transportation labeled ‘Park & Ride Transit Station’. Newly developed areas and main highways are well maintained. In the historic district there are roads that need improvements. In the rural areas there are some roads that are not paved. Communication The local newspaper is called The Tribune. There are billboards in the newer developed areas and there are some posters on the sides of the streets in the historic area to provide advertisement. Service Centers There is one main hospital in the south-western region of Mooresville. Lake Norman Regional Medical Center is surrounded by several medical buildings. There are a few family practice offices noted in different areas of this region. The county social services office is located in Statesville, NC. The schools are spread throughout Mooresville. There are 2 districts; Mooresville Graded School District and Iredell Statesville School System. It appears the employment offices are located with Social Services for Iredell County.

Communication Is there evidence of local and national newspapers to other media? Are there informational posters on streets, busses, billboards, etc.? Service Centers Where are the services for the community located – health care, social services, schools, employment offices etc.?

4 People in the Community Who is in the area during the day? How are they dressed? Are there animals (pets) with them or in the area? What evidence is there of particular. “classes” of people – upper, middle, working, lower? People in the Community In the historic area we saw a woman opening her shop by putting a sign out on the side walk. We saw to older men sitting on a bench on Main Street drinking coffee. There weren’t a lot of people walking down the streets as the main source of transportation is by car. The few we did see walking appeared to be poorly dressed and not very well groomed. By looking at the people we saw in the historic area we assume by the way they were dressed that they were middle-lower class. Other evidence we noted were the cars. Different locations had different cars of values from low to high. Industries The historic part of Mooresville is built around an old shut down mill. There are other factories and run down mills noted throughout the area. NASCAR seems to play a large part in the newer developing Mooresville. There are many companies related to race car driving found in the city. The top three companies with the highest amount of employees are Lowes Headquarters, Lake Norman Regional Medical Center, and Walmart Super Center. We did note there are quite a bit of auto dealership and auto body shops. Also noted there are numerous banks, gas stations and shops. Protective Services There are 4 fire stations equally distributed through the city. We saw one fire station, one police station and did note police patrolling throughout the city.

Industries What are the major industries? What types of occupations are evident?

Protective Services Where are fire and police stations located? Is there evidence of police and fire protection in the area? Is it more in one region than another?

5 Ethnicity What is the predominant ethnic group? Are there residents from a variety of ethnic backgrounds or is the community mostly one group? Which one? Are there stores, restaurants, churches, schools, or languages that indicate a particular ethnic group(s)? Ethnicity On observation, we mainly noted Caucasian ethnicity. Census reports: Population 18,823 White – 15, 129 Black – 2,653 Hispanic – 480 Asian 312 Other 249 There are no observed stores, restaurants or languages that indicate a particular ethnic group. Religion What churches and church-run schools are in the area? Who apparently uses them and when? How many are there? Religion Observed a lot of churches throughout this region. Over 50 Christian churches varying of different protestants. According to research approximately 50% of Mooresville’s population are a member of a religious sector. Health and Morbidity Per county report, the top 3 health related issues in Iredell County are obesity, heart disease and lung cancer. Politics No evidence noted of current political activities. This region is predominately republican.

Health and Morbidity Is there evidence of any health problems such as drug abuse, communicable diseases, chronic diseases, mental illnesses etc.? Politics Is there evidence of any political activity? Are there any signs that indicate predominant political parties and political concerns?

(Modified from Stanhope M., & Knollmueller, R. N. (1997). Public and community health nurse’s consultant: A health promotion guide. St. Louis: Mosby.)

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