You are on page 1of 17

THE FEASIBILITY OF JACKFRUIT (Artocarpus

heterophyllus) SAP AS ONE OF THE


ADDITIVE COMPONENTS IN
MAKING ROOF SEALANT

Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements in Research

Taguig Science High School


Hagonoy,Taguig City
SY 2013-2014

Erica Adamos

Nina Catchete

Charlene Ferrer

Charmaine Rosario

Mrs. Janeth G. Mamansag

Research Teacher

Acknowledgements

The researchers would like to thank everyone who helped them in


making this research possible. This has been an unforgettable experience for
all of them.
The researchers would like to extend their deepest gratitude for our
adviser, Mrs. Janeth G. Mamansag , for helping the researchers finish the
study and for staying with them even when classes are already over.the
researchers are grateful for all the encouragement and continuous advice that
you have given us.
To all the professors who have guided the researchers, The researchers
could not have finished the study without all their support.
To the researchers family who have always been there for them even
when they become hard to understand. The researchers thank them for giving
emotional and financial support.

The researchers are indebted for their school and the entire staff for
giving them a place to conduct their study and allowing them to use the needed
apparatus. The research would never have been finished without all of the help
extended.
The researchers thank God, most of all, for guiding them to all the right
paths theyve taken. The blessings were always there when we needed them. We
would always love and praise you.

CHAPTER I
Introduction
This chapter deals with the introduction and the background of
the plant, Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) and its sealing property. It
included the scope, limitations and delimitations.

Background of the problem


The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is a species of a tree of the
mulberry family native to parts of south and south Asia. Its suited in tropical

lands. Its fruit is less than about 25 cm (10 in) in diameter. The jackfruit is
very popular in many parts of the world. The jackfruit is native to India,
Philippines, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
Jackfruit contains Latex that can also be found in other roof sealants. It
also contains 82.6 to 86.4 % resins that can be a component in making
varnish. On the importance of sealant, the function and value of this sticky
stuff plays a very important role in the school. Roof sealants are mostly used in
roof to prevent water getting in.
Nowadays, many houses have problems with their roofs, including
rusting and holes. This can be a big problem like easy breakage due to low
quality roof. Having breakages of roofs, it is difficult to find a solution in this
problem, now that almost all of us have financial problems.
Sealant is known to be a viscous material which turns solid after
application and purpose being, prevention from dust ,smoke ,gas ,air ,water
and other unwanted materials. There are many types of sealants which are
used to protect different kind o surfaces like dry walls and roof from external

damages. A sealant is also used for flat and sloping roofs, so that they are
protected for years. The forms in which these sealants are found can be rubber,
tar, paint, concrete, or any other durable covering material that can withstand
external pressure.

Statement of the problem


This aims to determine the possibility of Jackfruit sap as an alternative
component in making roof Sealant. It specifically seeks to answer the following
questions:

1.
2.
3.
4.

How long it takes for the total effect of the jackfruit sap roof sealant?
In what roof does the roof sealant is applicable
Is the jackfruit sap roof sealant productive?
Is the jackfruit sap a good additive component in making roof sealant?

Hypotheses
The researchers aimed to prove the following hypotheses:
Ho: There is no possibility on jackfruit sap as one of the additive components
in making roof sealant

Ha: There is no possibility on jackfruit sap as one of the additive components


in making roof sealant
.

Significance of the Study


This study which entitled Jackfruit sap as an additive component in
making glue has a primary objective which is to manipulate an upgraded type
of glue using the jackfruit sap as the additive ingredient to enhance the quality
of adherence of the glue considering its factor the stickiness and lengthen of
rim to stick.

Scope, Limitation, and Delimitations

This study covered the Sealant property of the Jackfruit sap. The study
consisted of the sap that are used as the source of the Latex to be used in
making the Roof Sealant. Testing of the jackfruit sap sealant involved the
durability and the lasting of the sealant..
The researcher limited this research of testing the jackfruit sap roof
sealant to roofs that cause the breakage of roofs.

Definition of terms
Terms are defined based on how they are used in the study. The following
are:
DURABLE To be able o exist for a long time without significant deterioration.
LATEX- A milky fluid found in many plants. The latex of the rubber tree is a
chief source of natural rubber.
NATIVE grown, produced or originating in a particular place or in the
vicinity: local
RESIN A sticky flammable organic substance, insoluble in water , exuded by
trees and other plants (notably pines and firs)
SAP The juice of vital circulating fluid of a plant especially of a woody plant.
SEALANT Material used for sealing something so as to make it airtight or
water tight.
SPECIE A class of an individuals having common attributes and designated
by a common name.

STICKY Adhesive (a) viscous (b) Tending to stick.\


TAR A dark brown or black bituminous usually odorous viscous liquid
obtained by destructive distillation of organic material.
VISCOUS - The property of resistance to flow in a fluid or semi fluid.

Chapter III
Methodology
This chapter presents the kind o research and research design used for
the study as well as the procedures of the experiment.

Kind of Research
The kind of research used in determining the feasibility of jackfruit sap
(Artocarpus heterophyllus) as an alternative roof sealant was experimental
research. In the study the independent variable was the sap of the jackfruit

tree (Artocarpus heterophyllus) . The extraneous variables are the amount of


water and plaster needed to concrete the sealant.

Materials and equipments


The materials and equipments used by the researchers were graduated
cylinder, weighing scale, stirring rod, empty containers, 350 g of jackfruit sap,
plaster of paris and a small old piece of roof with leak or gap.

Gathering of materials
Fresh jackfruit was gathered at Batangas. Materials such as graduated
cylinder, weighing scale, stirring rod, empty containers were gathered from
Taguig Science High school Labaratory.

Extraction of the sap from the jackfruit

The importance of this set up is to extract the jackfruit sap into liquid
form.
The jackfruit was sliced into two parts. The slices were hanged with a
container below on it for about thirty minutes and more until all the saps were
extracted. The saps were collected and put on air-tight container and was set
aside for the next procedure.

Production of roof sealant


After the collection of the extracted jackfruit sap, the plaster of Paris is
placed in a plastic container and mixed thoroughly with the extracted jackfruit
sap at room temperature until the solution is viscous.

Instrumentation

This study prefers to use the weighing scale to measure the exact
amount of sealant that is produced by the used jackfruit sap.

Percentage yield
The researchers conducted extraction and preparation of jackfruit sap
and calculated the following data to determine the percentage yield. The result
was as follows weight of the jackfruit, weight of the jackfruit sap, and the
percentage yield of the jackfruit sap.
Organoleptic Test
The researchers conducted an organoleptic test to determine the
physical properties of roof sealant with jackfruit sap. The following are observe
red : Appearance, color and odor.

Effectiveness of jackfruit sap as one of the additive


components in making roof sealant

The roof sealant with the jackfruit sap is tested for three trials with the
following: Heat, water, dirt, and pressure to identify the feasibility of its
effectiveness.

CHAPTER IV

Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data


This chapter dealt and focused about the results of the jackfruit sap as
one of the additive components in making roof sealant that includes the
presentation, analysis of the sample and the interpretation of the data.

Percentage Yield
The researchers conducted extraction and preparation of jackfruit sap
and calculated the following data to determine the percentage yield. The result
was as follows:

Percentage yield of the jackfruit sap


Weight of the Jackfruit
Weight of Jackfruit sap
Percentage yield of the jackfruit sap

1000g
7.25g
0.725%

Table 1 shows that the jackfruit sap yielded 0.725% from 1000grams of
the sample.

Physical Properties
Organoleptic Test
The researchers conducted an organoleptic test to determine the
physical properties of roof sealant with jackfruit sap.
RESULTS OF ORGANOLEPTIC TEST
Appearance
Color
Odor

Sticky like substance


Dirty white
Jackfruit scent

This section shows the result of Organoleptic test conducted in the roof
sealant with jackfruit sap wherein, the appearance of roof sealant is sticky with
a jackfruit odour and dirty white in color.

Data analysis
Sealant

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

affected with :
Heat
Water
Dirt

Still effective
Still effective
Still effective

Still effective
Still effective
Still effective

Still effective
Still effective
Still effective

Pressure

Still effective

Still effective

Still effective

The materials and equipments used by the researchers were graduated


cylinder, weighing scale, stirring rod, empty containers, 350 g of jackfruit sap,
plaster of Paris and a small old piece of roof with leak or gap.

Related Interests