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MATERI KE 2: PASSIVE VOICE & FACTUAL REPORT

TEXT
DAFTAR ISI :

1. PEMBAHASAN MATERI.
2. TUGAS, 4, 5 DAN 6
3. ULANGAN HARIAN 2
WHAT MUST YOU DO:

KERJAKAN TUGAS 4, 5 dan 6, SERTA ULANGAN HARIAN


2 dalam file ini
KIRIMKAN KE: riskaariestha@gmail.com
dengan format: nama/kelas/nama mareri2.
Contoh: Makmur/11TKJ2/passive voice dan factual report text.

PART 1. PASSIVE VOICE


What do we mean by "voice"?
Voice is the form of a verb that shows whether the subject of a sentence does the action
(= the active voice) or is affected by it (= the passive voice).
Examples:

In the sentence "James hit the ball," the verb "hit" is in the active voice. In other
words, the form "hit" shows that the subject (James) did the action. The sentence
"James hit the ball" is an active sentence.

In the sentence "The ball was hit by James," the verb "was hit" is in the passive
voice. In other words, the form "was hit" shows that the subject (The ball) was
affected by the action. The sentence "The ball was hit by James" is a passive
sentence.

PASSIVE VOICE adalah kalimat dimana subjectnya dikenakan suatu kegiatan. Sedangkan
ACTIVE VOICE adalah kegiatan yang dilakukan oleh subject-nya.
Contoh:
James memukul bola. (ACTIVE VOICE) dimana subject James melakukan suatu
kegiatan dalam kata kerja memukul.
Bola dipukul oleh James. (PASSIVE VOICE) dimana Bola dikenakan kegiatan
dipukul yang dilakukan oleh James.

Here are some more examples:


Active: The ball hits Janet.
Passive: Janet is hit / Janet is hit by the ball.
Active: He wrote a letter.
Passive: The letter was written / The letter was written by him.
Active: Kevin will take a picture.
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Passive: A picture will be taken / A picture will be taken by Kevin.

PASSIVE VOICE FORM


No Tenses
.
1.

Simple
Presen
t Tense

Active Sentences

Passive Sentences

Subject jamak+ verb 1 + object

Object + to be (is/am/are) + VERB 3 +

Subject tunggal + verb s/es +

(subject yang dijadikan object)

Object

(+) She eats noodle.


--------------------------
(-) She doesnt eat noodle.
-----------------

(+) Noodle is eaten by her. (her =


subject yang menjadi object)
(-) Noodle is not eaten by her. (her =
subject yang menjadi object)
(?) is noodle eaten by her?

(?) Does she eat noodle?


--------------------

2.

Simple
Subject + verb 2 +
Past
object
Tense
(lampa
(+) she ate noodle.
u)

Object (dijadikan subject) + was /


were +Verb 3 + (subject yang
dijadikan object)

(+) noodle was eaten by her.


(-) noodle was not eaten by her.

(?) was noodle eaten by her?


(-) she did not eat noodle.

(?) did she eat noodle.

3.

Simple Subject + will + verb 1 +


Future object
(+) she will eat noodle.
(-) she wont (will not) eat
noodle.

(?) will she eat noodle?

Subject
THEY
WE
I
YOU

Object
THEM
US
ME
YOU

HE
SHE
IT

HIM
HER
IT

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factual report text

Object (dijadikan subject) + will +


be +Verb 3 + (subject yang dijadikan
object)

(+) noodle will be eaten by


her.
(-) noodle wont (will not) be
eaten by her.
(?) will noodle be eaten by
her?

materi ke 2, passive voice &

TUGAS 4:
Are the sentences written in Active or Passive voice? (apakah kalimat

kalimat tersebut aktif atau pasif?)


Example: Steven likes to play baseball. (Active)
1) Bingo is played in Britain.
2) Lots of houses were destroyed.
3) French is spoken in Nigeria.
4) The bus driver drives a bus carefully.
5) The books will be bought by me.

TUGAS 5:
A.

Rewrite the sentences in Active voice. (rubah ke dalam kalimat aktif)


Example: - Letters were written by the students. (past tense)
- The students wrote letters.

1) The club was founded by Ron and Peggy. (past tense)


2) The train was washed by the worker. (past tense)
3) The computer is used by Patrick. (present tense)
4) Coffee is sold by Marie. (present tense)
5) The red car will be bought by me someday. (future tense)

B.

Rewrite the sentences in Passive voice. (rubah ke dalam kalimat pasif)


Example: - The students wrote letters. (past tense)
- Letters were written by the students.
1) Levi Strauss invented the blue jeans. (past tense)
2) The electricians test the fire alarm. (present tense)
3) The girls will play handball. (future tense)
4) Our dog does not bite the cat. (present tense)
5) My friend bought a new car. (past tense)

PART 2. FACTUAL REPORT TEXT


Factual report text
Factual Report text adalah teks yang mengambarkan benda atau barang secara apa
adanya berdasarakan kajian ilmiah/ fakta. Factual report text ditulis secara general. Berbeda
dengan descriptive text (teks deskripsi) yang menggambarkan sesuatu secara specific. Misalnya
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factual report text

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report test memaparkan KELINCI secara general, mengenai perkembang biakannya, makannya
hingga habitatnya. Sedangkan descriptive text memaparkan KELINCI peliharaan saya yang
lucu.
Bagaimana biasanya report text ini disusun atau ditulis? Tidak lain adalah dengan cara
melihat structure umumnya. Dalam banyak pelajaran yang membahas genres teks bahasa Inggris,
dinyatakan bahwa teks report itu disusun berdasarkan struktur sebagai berikut:
1. General identification: Object apa yang mau digambarakan, biasanya bersifat umum dan. tidak
sepsifik.
2. Descriptions: Hal-hal apa yang menjadi ciri object tersebut sehingga berbeda dengan object
yang lain. Biasaya meliputi parts (bagian), custom (kebiasaan), dan function (fungsi)
Untuk lebih jelasnya mari kita lihat 9 contoh text report tentang binantang atau hewan dalam
bahasa Inggris berikut ini! Karena contoh ini hanya berkenaan dengan binatang maka dalam
generic structurenyapun porsi terbesar adalah custom atau kebiasaan dari binatang tersebut.

Contoh:
The Polar Bear (beruang kutub)
The polar bear is a very big white bear. We call it the polar bear because it lives inside the
Arctic Circle near the North Pole. There are no polar bears at the South Pole. The polar bears live
at the North Pole. There is only snow, ice, and water. There is not any land.
These bears are three meters long, and weigh 450 kilos. They can stand up on their back
legs because they have very wide feet. They can use their front legs like arms. The polar bears can
swim very well. They can swim 120 kilometers out into the water. They catch fish and sea animals for
food. They go into the sea when they are afraid.
People like to kill the polar bears for their beautiful white coats. The governments of
Canada, the United States, and Russia say that no one can kill polar bears now. They do not want all
of these beautiful animals to die.
www.polarbear.org

FORMAT FACTUAL REPORT TEXT


The Polar Bear (beruang kutub)
The polar bear is a very big white bear. We call it the polar bear because it
lives inside the Arctic Circle near the North Pole. There are no polar bears at the
Introduction South Pole. The polar bears live at the North Pole. There is only snow, ice, and water.
There is not any land.
These bears are three meters long, and weigh 450 kilos. They can stand up
Content/ paragraph description
on their back legs because they have very wide feet. They can use their front legs like
arms. The polar bears can swim very well. They can swim 120 kilometers out into the
water. They catch fish and sea animals for food. They go into the sea when they are
afraid.
People like to kill the polar bears for their beautiful white coats. The
governments
of Canada, the United States, and Russia say that no one can kill polar
Closing
bears now. They do not want all of these beautiful animals to die.
References

www.polarbear.org

Where
does the Polar
MEMBUAT OUTLINE
FACTUALREPORT
TEXTBear live?
How does the physic of polar bear?

OUTLINE disusun sebelum menjadi sebuah FACTUAL REPORT TEXT, agar memudahkan penyusunan

menjadi sebuah paragraph yang baik. Berikut adalah contoh OUTLINE (kerangka teks) dari teks THE
POLAR BEAR di atas.

Polar Bear

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factual report text

What will they face in the future?

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TUGAS 6
A. POINT OUT THE FORMAT OF FACTUAL REPORT TEXT AS THE EXAMPLE ABOVE
(menentukan format factual report text seperti contoh di atas) !

BUTTERFLY
Have you ever wondered about butterflies? Despite their small size,
butterflies are some of the Worlds most wondrous animals. Their beauty, seemingly
miraculous metamorphosis, and apparently carefree flight all spark our imaginations.
As advanced insects, butterflies and moths have a complete life cycle. This
means that there are four separate stages, each of which looks completely different
and serves a different purpose in the life of the insect. They are eggs, caterpillars,
chrysalises, and colorful butterflies.
Butterflies and moths are found on all continents except Antarctica, and
scientists estimate that there are approximately 12-15,000 species of butterflies.
In the United States and Canada, more than 750 species of butterflies have
been recorded. Many species of a few kinds of butterflies are still being discovered.
There are still thousands of butterfly species that have not been found or
described by scientists. There is much to be learned. Who are the next scientists?
Disarikan dari: http://www.kidsbutterfly.org

B. ANSWER

THE QUESTION BASED ON THE TEXT BUTTERFLY !

(menjawab pertanyaan berdasarkan teks tersebut)

1.
2.
3.
4.

What is the text above about?


What does the mean a complete life cycle in butterfly and moths?
What are the four separate stages in a life circle?
Butterflies and moths are found on all continents except Antarctica,

the synonym of except, is


5. How many species that have been recorded in the United Stated and
Canada?
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factual report text

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ULANGAN HARIAN 2;
PASSIVE VOICE & FACTUAL REPORT TEXT

ULANGAN HARIAN 2;
PASSIVE VOICE & FACTUAL REPORT TEXT
PART I
CHANGE INTO ACTIVE SENTENCES! (rubahlah ke dalam
kalimat Aktif)
1.
2.
3.
4.

She is hit by me.


My sister is picked up by her friend.
My notebook was broken by me.
The students were asked to study English every Wednesday and
Thursday by Ms. Ica.
5. We will be needed by this word as a good human.

PART II
CHANGE INTO PASIVE SENTENCES! (rubahlah ke dalam
kalimat passive)
6. She invited me to her party.
7. The cats wear a cute little hat.
8. I do my English assignment.
9. Fathers read a newspaper yesterday.
10.
Mother will buy me a new motorcycle.

PART III
ANSWER THE QUESTION BELOW BASED ON THE TEXT!
(jawablah pertanyaan dibawah ini berdasarkan teks)

Kinds of Earthquake
Earthquake often happens around us. It brings great damages. Earthquake is hard to be predicted and
that makes lot victims. Actually there are three kinds of earthquake. This kinds of earthquake are commonly base
on thefactor and geological area where the earthquakes happen. These three kinds of earthquake are tectonic,
volcanic and explosion.
Tectonic earthquakes is most common one. This kind of earthquake happens while earths crust rocks
break because of the geological strength created by moving of the earths plates. Volcanic earthquakes happen
exactly with volcanic activity. Volcanic earthquakes are when the volcano produces acidic lava, which drys
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quickly, when it drys quickly it blocks the top of the volcano. This make no more magma can escape. Pressure
starts to build up and eventually the acidic lava can no longer stand the pressure. So the volcano is free to
explode, the pressure is released so fast that an earthquake is caused. A volcanic earthquake is usually kept
within 10-20 miles of the volcano.Explosion earthquakes are the result of the collapse earthquakes that are small
earthquakes occurring in underground mines and caverns.
Partly taken from:
www.ngdir.ir/sitelinks/kids/html/earthquake_Kinds%20of%20earthquake.htm

1.
2.
3.

What is the text about?


How many kind of earthquake based on the text?
What kind of earthquake that will happen while earths crust rocks break because of the geological
strength created by moving of the earths plates?

4. When will the volcano earthquakes happen?


5. What kind of earthquake that happened in Merapi Mountain Yogyakarta?

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factual report text

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