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Ch.

2-2 Physical Properties of Matter

Physical Properties a property of matter that


can be observed without changing the matter's
identity.

We use physical properties everyday to identify


different types of matter

Examples:

Color

Size

Odor

Shape

Hardness

Texture (soft, smooth, or rough)

Luster (metallic, glassy, shiny, dull)

State the physical form in which a substance exists

Conductivity the ability to conduct electricity or heat

More Examples:

Melting Point - the temperature at which the


solid melts to become a liquid

Boiling Point the temperature at which a


liquid starts to boil

Malleability the ability of a substance to be


pounded or rolled into thin sheets
ex. tin foil

Ductility the ability of a substance to be


stretched or pulled into a wire
ex. - copper stretched into a wire

Mass the amount of matter in an object


Volume the amount of space taken up by an
object

Density the amount of matter in a given space


or volume

Formula for calculating Density:

m
D = ____
v

Sample Problem:

A baseball has a mass of about 150 g. It's


volume is 50 cm3. What is it's density?

Answer:
150 g divided by 50 cm3 =

3 g / cm3

Sample Problem:
What is the volume of a brick with a length of 30
cm, a width of 15 cm, and a heigth of 8 cm?
(Hint L x W x H )

Answer:
30 x 15 x 8 = 3600 cm3

Physical Change a change that affects one or


more physical properties of a substance
Examples :
A popcicle melting (solid to a liquid)
Crushing a metal can
Making wood chips from a piece of wood
Dissolving sugar in iced tea