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2-2 Physical Properties of Matter

Physical Properties a property of matter that

can be observed without changing the matter's

We use physical properties everyday to identify

different types of matter







Texture (soft, smooth, or rough)

Luster (metallic, glassy, shiny, dull)

State the physical form in which a substance exists

Conductivity the ability to conduct electricity or heat

More Examples:

Melting Point - the temperature at which the

solid melts to become a liquid

Boiling Point the temperature at which a

liquid starts to boil

Malleability the ability of a substance to be

pounded or rolled into thin sheets
ex. tin foil

Ductility the ability of a substance to be

stretched or pulled into a wire
ex. - copper stretched into a wire

Mass the amount of matter in an object

Volume the amount of space taken up by an

Density the amount of matter in a given space

or volume

Formula for calculating Density:

D = ____

Sample Problem:

A baseball has a mass of about 150 g. It's

volume is 50 cm3. What is it's density?

150 g divided by 50 cm3 =

3 g / cm3

Sample Problem:
What is the volume of a brick with a length of 30
cm, a width of 15 cm, and a heigth of 8 cm?
(Hint L x W x H )

30 x 15 x 8 = 3600 cm3

Physical Change a change that affects one or

more physical properties of a substance
Examples :
A popcicle melting (solid to a liquid)
Crushing a metal can
Making wood chips from a piece of wood
Dissolving sugar in iced tea