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NSTSE 2015 Class 11 PCM Answer Key & Solution.

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182 views9 pagesNSTSE 2015 Class 11 PCM Answer Key & Solution.

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A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

Solutions for Class : 11 (PCM)

n(A B) 6

Mathematics

1.

(C)

3

cos ec

3

= sec 1 + tan

sec

is 6.

4.

(C)

2

= (sec )

2

3/2

= (1 + tan )

2

3/2

Remainder is 18.

2.

(C)

5.

(A)

1 1 2

+ =

a c b

odd function and F(x) = f(x) g(x)

x y 1

+ + =0

a b c

F(x) is odd, option (C) is true

x y 2 1

a + b + b a =0

(D) g ( x ) =

1

1

( x 1) + (y + 2) = 0

a

b

(D)

f ( x ) + f ( x )

2

f ( x ) + f ( x )

2

6.

of intersection of x 1 = 0 and y + 2 = 0

i.e., (1, 2) which is a fixed point.

3.

= x4, even; option (A) is false.

Let f(x) and g(x) are two even functions and

F(x) = f(x) + g(x)

1 1 1

, , are in A.P.

a b c

We know that

(C)

term of 4, 6, 8, ...)

= [2 + (19)(2)][4 + (19)2] = (40)(42) = 1680

7.

(B)

1

1+ 1

1<

i.e., 1 < 1 is not true.

2

Also n(A B) min {n(A), n(B)}

= min {3, 6} = 3

n(A B) 3 n(A B) 3

9

2+ 1

1 2<

i.e., 2 < , which is true.

2

4

n(A) + n(B) 3

8.

(C)

ways

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a) by selecting it

c) by rejecting it.

cos ( ) + cos ( + )

= cos cos +

(

)

(

)

with 10 given questions is 310 including a

way in which we reject all the questions.

of one or more questions is 310 1.

9.

(A)

given equation.

14. (D)

functions.

then her average score

87 + 92 + 94 + 95 + x 368 + x

=

=

5

5

images.

have

368 + x

90

R4 is not a function.

15. (D)

x 450 368

= (1 5x) (1 + x)

x 82

Coefficient of x = 1 5 = 4

y = ex and y = x

16. (A)

ex = x no x R

get the coordinates of the vertices as

cannot form a triangle)

= 220 10 = 210

D = (2, 2)

m1 = slope of AC =

1 3

4

= = 1

1+3

4

m2 = slope of BD =

2 1

3

=

=1

2 1

3

Angle between AC and BD is

.

2

sin ( + )

sin ( )

17. (B)

= 30 + x + 2x

= 30 + 3x

n(B) = n(B A) + n(A B) = x + 2x = 3x

n(A) = 2n(B)

m1m2 = (1)(1) = 1.

= 12C3 = 220

Number of triangles formed with 5 points

= 5C3 = 10

Hence, A B = .

13. (A)

(1 + 4x)5/4.(1 + 2x)1/2

5

1

= 1 .4 x 1 + (2 x)

4

2

368 + x 90 5

12. (C)

Clearly, every element of A has a unique

image.

11. (B)

=

2 cos sin 2sin sin

10. (A)

sin ( + ) + sin ( )

sin ( + ) sin ( + )

30 + 3x = 2.3x

30 = 6x 3x

30 = 3x

x = 10

cos ( )

cos ( + )

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18. (A)

We have,

(1 + x) = C0 + C1 x + C2x + C3x + C4x + ...

+ Cnxn .... (1)

n

n(1 + x)n 1 = C1 + 2C2x + 3C3x2 + 4C4x3 + ...

+ nCnxn 1 .... (2)

=

cos 5 + 5 cos3 + 10cos

=

= 2 cos

(cos5 + 5 cos 3 + 10 cos )

21. (D)

a2x2 + bx + c = 0

a2 2 + b + c = 0

+ nCn ....

(4)

19. (C)

a2x2 bx c = 0

a2 2 b c = 0

2b = a + c

f( ) = a2 2 + 2(b + c)

= a2 2 + 2(a2 2)

.... (3)

ab

2q = b + c

is a root of the equation f(x) = 0,

.... (4)

bc

(a + b)2 1

=

(a2 + b2 + 2ab); p ' 2 = ab

4

4

22. (B)

1 2 2

1 2 2

(a c 2b(a c)) =

(a c +

4

4

(a + c) (a c))

p2 q2 =

up in 3 ways.

Now the remaining four places can be filled

up with the remaining four digits in 4P4

ways. By using the principle of association,

the required number of numbers formed

[Q a, b, c are in A.P, 2b = a + c]

1

(a2 c2)

2

= 3 4P4 = 3 4 = 3 4 3 2 1 = 72

(a + c)

1

(a c ) = (a2 c2)

2

2

p2 q2 = p ' q '

20. (D)

five in number.

Since we are to form the numbers that are

greater than 20000 and as no digits is to

be repeated, every such numbers contains

five digits and it must have 2, 3 or 4 at

extreme left.

(b + c)2 1

=

q2 =

(b2 + c2 + 2bc); q ' 2 = bc

4

4

[from (2)]

= 3a2 2 > 0

Similarly,

f( ) = a2 2 + 2(b + c)

.... (2)

p2 =

[from (1)]

=a <0

2

2p = a + b

and q ' =

.....(2)

= a2 2 + 2(a2 2)

.... (1)

a, p, b are in A.P.

p' =

.... (1)

23. (C)

is 1, is true.

Statement Q, Cardinality of a null set is 0

is true.

=

cos 5 + 5 cos 3 + 10 cos

24. (C)

Since, the area of the triangle is a2

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1

a h = a 2 h = 2a

2

vertex lies on the line parallel to the base

at a distance 2a from it. So, the required

lines are

28. (C)

3

3

x = a 2a i.e., x = a or x = 3a

=0

+6

+y

2x

25. (A)

( x 1) x

1

1

x 2

2

2

1

... x 15

2

29. (C)

E = 21 + 2 +3 +...15

1

1

x x 2

2

2

y=0 X

0=x

1

... x 15

2

b + 6, b + 12 and the first number be a.

Hence the four numbers are a, b, b + 6,

b + 12

Given, a = b + 12

Coefficient of x15 in E is

.... (i)

2

1 1

1

21 + 2 + 3...15. 1 2 ... 15

2 2

2

15

1

1

2

= 2120 ( 1 )

or 18b = 72

b=4

From (i), a = 4 + 12 = 8

Hence the four numbers are 8, 4, 2 and 8.

30. (A)

16

2 1 2

= 2120

16

2 1 2

+ b = +

26. (C)

5

5 ( b a ) = + (since =

1+ i

1 i

2n

(1 + i )

2

1

)

= ( b a ) = +

5

2n

+

= ( + )

( b a )

( b a )

= +

=1

1 1 + 2i 2

2n

=1

( b a ) = ( + )

5

i2n = 1

n = 2 is the required smallest positive

integer.

27. (C)

( b + a ) = +

5

31. (C)

are read.

60n = (300)(5)

n = 25

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32. (A)

= p3 2( + + )p2 + 4 ( + + )

Let orthocentre be ( , ) .

Then, 3 =

2 (6) + 1

2+1

and 3 =

p 8

2 (2 ) + 1

2+1

= 3 and = 5

= p3 + 4pq 8r

39. (C)

tan(A B) =

33. (B)

We have, sin(A + B + C) = 1,

We have,

1

3

and sec (A + C) = 2

cos A

cos B

cosC

+

+

sin Bsin C sin A sin C sin A sin B

sin A cos A + sin B cos B + sin C cosC

=

sin A sin B sin C

40. (D)

1

1

1

We have n n + 1 = n n + 1

(

)

1

1

1

1 2 + 2 3 + 3 4 + .......

=

2sin A sin Bsin C

=2

=

2sin A sin Bsin C

34. (C)

Therefore

35. (A)

= 1

= 1

= 28 1 (1 + 1) = 28 2

36. (A)

1 1 1 1 1

+ + + .....

2 2 3 3 4

= {2}

1

2007 2008

1

1

2007 2008

1

2007

=

2008 2008

Physics

41. (B)

wood

log y x =

u = 100 m s1

21

18

28

, log z y =

, log x z =

18

28

21

m = 0.01 kg

7

9

3 logyx = , 3 logz y = 4, 7 logx z =

2

2

37. (C)

Given the value x = 1, we get possible

values of y = 1, 2, 3, 4.

Thus 1R1, 1R2, 1R3, 1R4. Similarly we

may find other values. The set of such

ordered pairs is R

= {(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3),

(3, 1) (3, 2), (4, 1)}

n(R) = 10

38. (C)

+ + = p, + + = q , = r

( + )( + )( + )

42. (A)

v=0ms

t = 0.02 s

u = 100 m s1

v = 0 m s1

a=?

t = 0.02 s

v = u + at

0 = 100 + a 0.02

0.02 a = 100

a = 100 / 0.02

a = 5000 m s2

A bullet penetrating a wooden block

F=?

m = 0.01 kg a = 5000 m s2

F = ma

F = 0.01 ( 5000)

The average retarding force exerted by the

wood is 50 N.

T1 = 27 + 273 = 300 K

= (p 2 )(p 2 )(p 2 )

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T2 = 13 + 273 = 260 K

Coefficient of performance =

43. (B)

T2

260

260

=

=

= 6.5

T1 T2 300 260 40

On the surface of the earth

g=

GM

2

x = x1 + x2 = 40 km

48. (C)

Power =

; Weight mg = 99 N

R

At a height h above the earth

g' =

GM

(R + h)

, where h =

44. (B)

49. (C)

8

= 0.00875 = 0.01 mm

Here

51. (D)

4S 4S 4S

=

r1

r2

r

52. (B)

d 0.01

=

= 0.0256

d

0.39

Energy stored per unit volume

Relative error =

45. (B)

1

U = stress strain

2

1

strain

stress

2

Y

1

S 1 S2

= S =

2

Y 2Y

46. (B)

a half boiled egg behaves like a solid sphere.

47. (B)

I r 2 / 3 MR 2 5

=

= >1

Is 2 / 5 MR 2 3

1

t

=

t 1011

1

1

t = 11 t = 11 1011 = 1

10

10

or t = 1 s

Hence, maximum difference in time

between two such clocks = 2 s

One may be 1 s faster and the other may be

1 s slower.

50. (B)

8

100 6125

= 8166.67 W

75

On the surface of the earth, the atmospheric

pressure is quite high. The astronauts will

feel great discomfort if they move on the

earth immediately after coming back from

the moon. To avoid it, they need to get used

to normal air pressure gradually. That is

why, they have to live for some days in a

caravan with the air pressure lower than

outside.

Mean diameter =

d = 0.38875 mm

= 0.39 mm (rounded off to two significant

figures)

Absolute error in the first reading =

0.39 0.39 = 0.00 mm

Similarly finding the absolute error in the

other seven readings and taking the mean;

=

=

t

t

2 60

= 6125 W

Power of the engine operating the lift

R

2

g'

R2

R2

R2

=

=

=

2

9 2

g (R + h )2

R

R

R + 2

4

4g

g' =

9

4g

4

= mg

Weight = mg ' = m

9

9

4

Here mg = 99 N = 99 = 44 N

9

40 km

x

= 40 km h 1

=

1h

t

Mass m = 1500 kg, h = 50 m

t = 2 60 = 120 s

v=

53. (C)

54. (A)

1 1 1 1 1 1

or r = r r = 4 5 = 20 or r = 20 cm

1

2

the angular momentum L is conserved. As

the beads slide down, the moment of inertia

of the system shall change. As L = I =

constant and I changes, therefore, would

change. As no work is being done, total

energy cannot change.

dm

= 10 kg s 1 , Vr = 5 km s1 (5000)

dt

M = 1500 kg, t = 50 s

a=

10 5000

= 50 m s 2

1500 10 50

Here, m = 0.5 kg, v= 1.5 m s1

K = 50 N m1

x=?

1

1

Kx2 = mv2

2

2

m

0.5

= 1.5

= 0.15 m

K

50

Relative velocity of overtaking =

x= v

55. (A)

1

1

x1 = 30 km, x2 = 50 km

2

2

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56. (D)

57. (B)

40 m s1 30 m s1 = 10 m s1 .

Total distance covered with this relative

velocity during overtaking will be =

100 m + 200 m = 300 m.

Time taken t = 300 m/10 m s1 = 30 s

Specific heat (in cal/g/oC) : Copper (0.09)

Aluminium (0.21), Iron (0.11), Lead (0.03).

Error in time period is

a=+g,s=h

v 22 = u 2 + 2gh

v12

u 2 + 2gh

=

=1

v22 u 2 + 2gh

63. (C)

T= (0.1/20)s = 0.005 s.

Also T = (20 s / 20) = 1s

Cm =

64. (B)

K1 A1

or

65. (C)

1

1

1

m1 u12 + m 2 u 22 ( m1 + m 2 ) 2

2

2

2

1

40 16 + 60 4 100 2.8 2 = 48 J

2

Temperature of source =

T1 = 100 + 273 = 373 K

Temperature of sink =

T2 = 30 + 273 = 303 K

Efficiency = =

T1 T2

T1

373 303

= 0.188 = 18.8%

373

The vertical displacement of the two stones

and their initial velocities are the same. So,

the final velocity acquired by them should

also be equal.

For the stone thrown vertically upwards

a = g, s = h

=

62. (A)

v12 = u 2 + 2 as

v12 = u 2 + 2 ( g )( h ) = u 2 + 2gh

dT1

dT

= K 2 A2 2

dx1

dx 2

K1 = (100 ) = K2 ( 0 )

m1u1 + m 2u 2 40 4 + 60 2

=

m1 + m 2

40 + 60

= 2.8 m s1

Loss in K.E. =

61. (A)

dQ1 dQ2

=

dt

dt

As

60. (C)

K1 2

Here dx1 = dx2 , A1 = A2, K = 3

2

Let be the temp. of the junction.

GM

g ' 2

= =2

g

2 2

R

5

G 4

4

= 2 R3 = GR ,

2

3

3

R

R

i.e. g

g=

g sin

59. (A)

For hollow cylinder (HC), K2 = R2

3

5

R, Cdi = R .

2

2

3

5

1 R T + 1 R T = 2 Cv T

2

2

This gives Cv = 2 R

2l 1 + K 2 / R2

t=

T 0.005

=

= 0.005 100% = 0.5%

Hence

T

1

58. (B)

v1 : v2 = 1 : 1

Time taken in reaching bottom of incline is

K1

2

=

=

K 2 100 3

3 = 200 2 ; 5 = 200 ; = 40 oC

m = 3 kg, u = 10 m s1 , v = 0

Impulse = F t = ?

Impulse = Change in momentum

F t = m(v u)

= 3 [0 10 ] = 30 N s

Chemistry

66. (C)

and (D) have decreasing atomic radius.

o

Atomic radius in ( A )

Oxygen 0.73

Sulphur 1.09

Selenium 1.16

Tellurium 1.35

As the atomic number increases within a

group, the atomic size increases

accordingly.

67. (D) All the alkali metals and their salts impart

colour to bunsen flame. The colours

imparted by different alkali metals are as

follows.

Element

Li

Na

K

Rb

Cs

Colour Crimson Golden Pale

Red Bluish

red

yellow violet violet

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atom or ion in salt, the electronic excitation

occurs in which electron jumps to higher

energy level. When this excited electron deexcites to ground state, the energy is

emitted in the form of electromagnetic

radiation which lies in visible region thereby

imparting colour to the flame. The colour

of flame depends upon the wavelength of

radiation emitted e.g., yellow D-line of Naspectra arises from 3s1 3p1 transition.

68. (A)

*69. (C)

70. (D)

71. (B)

w

CO = N2 = w g n1 (CO) =

28

w

n2 (N2) =

. Hence, PN2 = PCO

28

NaCN otherwise Na2S will give black ppt.

of Ag2S and NaCN will give white ppt. of

AgCN which would interfere with the test

of halogens.

2-Ethylanthraquinol

2-Ethylanthraquinone + 2H2O2

73. (B)

74. (A)

Kc =

[N2O4 ] 4.8 102 mol L1

75. (C)

= 3 103 mol L1

12 100 1 100

=

=1:1

13 12

13 1

E.F. = CH

C:H =

76. (A)

metaborates.

BF3 is triangular planar and B2H6 is a dimer

of triangular planar molecule (BH 3 ),

therefore, both of these have zero dipole

moment. NH3 and NF3 , on the other hand

have pyramidal structures and thus have

dipole moments.

not, therefore, P = C 2H2 (acetylene) and

Q = C6H6 (benzene).

According to Fajans rule, the covalent

bonding is maximum when W+ is small and

X is large.

TiH1.73 is a non-stoichiometric metallic or

interstitial hydride.

Except lime (50 60%), the major

constituent of cement is silica (20 25%).

(a) It is exact neutralisation. Hence,

pH = 7.

77. (B)

78. (A)

79. (A)

N

H

H

72. (B)

F

F

80. (D)

NH bonds reinforce the dipole moment due

to lone pair of electrons but in NF3, the

dipole moments of the three NF bonds

oppose the dipole moment due to lone pair

of electrons. As a result, dipole moment of

NH3 ( = 1.46 D) is higher than that of NF3

( = 0.24 D ).

Rise in temperature,

M

HCl left

10

= 10 ml.

Total volume = 100 ml

Dilution = 10 times.

[H+] = 102

or pH = 2

(c)

After neutralisition,

M

NaOH left

10

= 80 ml.

Total volume = 100 ml. pH > 7.

Heat capacity of the calorimeter =

8.93 kJ K1

Then,

Heat transferred to calorimeter =

Heat capacity of calorimeter Rise in

temperature

= 8.93 kJ K1 6.73 K

= 60.1 kJ

*69. (C)

1 2

M

HCl left

5

= 50 ml.

Total volume = 100 ml

Dilution = 2 times

The sum of mass % is 99.8. Hence, there is no oxygen in the given compound.

Element

Mass %

Atomic mass

Atomic ratio

Simplest ratio

Simplest whole

number ratio

64.4

12

64.4 / 12 = 5.37

10

5.5

5.5 / 1 = 5.5

10

Fe

29.9

56

29.9 / 56 = 0.53

0.53 / 0.53 = 1

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1

= 101 M or pH = 1

10

BaO2 + H2SO4 BaSO4 + H2O2

In this reaction, none of the elements

undergo, a change in oxidation number or

valency.

[H+] =

81. (C)

82. (A)

83. (C)

and two 3c 2e bonds.

Molar mass of acetylene (C2H2),

M = (2 12 + 2 1 ) g/mol = 26 g/mol

Mass of acetylene, m= 5.0 g

Temperature, T = (50 oC + 273) = 323 K

85. (B)

86. (D)

87. (A)

88. (B)

89. (C)

X=

740

atm

760

Pressure, P = 740 mm Hg =

m

RT

M

1

[5 + 5 0 + 0] = 5

2

Hybridization of P in PCl5 is sp3d.

X=

m RT

V=

MP

5.0g 0.082 L atm K 1mol 1 323K

26 g mol1 0.9737 atm

= 5.23 L

84. (A)

1

= [VE + MA c + a]

2

1

[5 + 3 0 + 0] = 4

2

Hybridization of P in PCl3 is sp3 .

For PCl5.

= 0.9737 atm

Using the gas equation,

PV = nRT =

32 0.233

100 = 10

233 0.32

I has the tendency to lose as well as gain

electrons. Oxidation states of

Cs = +1

F = 1, 0

Xe = Nil

I = 1, 0, +1, +3, +5, +7

NH4+ is a conjugate acid of the base NH3.

Cs with low IE is used in photoelectric cells.

For PCl3,

% of S =

90. (B)

of d-electrons in case of Ga, the valence

electrons are attracted more strongly and

hence, the size is not increased.

c 3 108 m s1

=

v 589 109 m

= 5.1 1014 s1 (or Hz)

c = v or =

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