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Direct shear test

EST TITLE : DIRECT SHEAR TEST
1.0
OBJECTIVE
To determine the parameter of shear strength of soil, cohesion, c and angle of
friction, ø.2.0
LEARNING OUTCOME
At the end of this experiment, students are able to:

Determine the shear strength parameter of the soil

Handle shear strength test, direct shear test
3.0 THEORY
The general relationship between maximum shearing resistance,
Շ
f
andnormal stress, σ
n
for soils can be represented by the equation and known asCoulomb’s Law:
φστ
tan
+=
c
f
where:c = cohesion, which is due to internal forces holding soil particles together in
a solid massØ = friction, which is due to the interlocking of the particles andthe
friction between them when subjected to normal stressThe friction components
increase with increasing normal stress but thecohesion components remains
constant. If there is no normal stress the friction