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Daniela Plata

Mr. Gonzalez
Design Y2
2/4/15

Bridges
Bridges were invented to help people go from one place to another faster.
People would either need to go to somewhere else nearby or take a long trip
to get where they were suppose to. The invention of bridges also helped
businesses withy gaining costumers. Even though back then there were no
bridges there were alternatives to get around. People used ferries to get
across bodies of water. You just drove your car on it and it will take you. Even
though when bridges were invented they were very different from now. They
were not very sturdy/reliable, it could have been a log thrown across a river.
Also it could have been two vines woven together with a bit of rope.
There are many types of bridges in the world, beam, suspension, truss,
and draw and many more. Each and every bridge have a flaw here and there,
so will hurt the bridge and some will not. I only picked a few of them and I’m
going to show you a bit of their advantages and disadvantages. Suspension
bridges or flexible which is good on everyday bases, but when it comes to
severe weather it has a good change or moving and collapsing like the one in
Tacoma. Beam bridges are good for short distant places like for a river or
lake, but it is very expensive even though it is for short distances. It might be
better to get a longer bridge if you are worried about the cost. Truss bridges
is easy to build and suitable for a very nice area/community. But it is very
heavy to get the material and it takes up a lot of space. Draw bridges are
very helpful with lower cost expenses, even though it is a lower cost bridge it
does take a good amount of time to build so traffic will increase between that
time periods of building the bridge. These tie to real life examples like the
Brooklyn Bridge in New York U.S. It was finished in 1883, and it is 1595.5 feet
which makes it the longest suspension bridge in world. Also there are
examples of these types or bridges. A suspension bridge has a flat surface
that a person can walk on, like the golden gate bridge. Have you ever seen
those bridges for a castle, well that’s a draw bridge that is able to get pulled
up. A fact about a truss bridge is that these bridges are most likely to be built
out of metal or wood and come together when weight is present. Last a
beam bridge, these bridges are the simplest bridges to be built.

Even though I am giving you bridges that are still up there are some that
have fallen. I have three types of bridges that have fallen through time. The
Dee bridge was a beam bridge, which fell in England, may 24 1847. It fell
because it was overloaded by passenger trains. The big four bridge was a
truss bridge, it fell in the U.S on October 10 1888, because it broke and it fell
into a river, 37 killed. Last the tay rail bridge was a girder bride in Scotland,
fell on December 28 1879 and killed 75 people. Bridges always have a flaws
here and there but some do withstand them, and some don’t, those are the
fallen one. The Dee bridge collapse was a badly made design flaw, it fell
because there was a weight overload. The big four bridge fell also because a
design flaw, it fell because they constructed it how it was designed but the
design failed and it broke and fell. The last one is the Tay Rail Bridge
collapsed because of a construction failure, because during the storm a piece
fell off and killed 75 people. At the end all bridges do have their up and
downs but, some downs do overcome the bridge itself. Always be careful and
prepared when you’re on a bridge because I might not be your lucky day.

Websites
http://www.historyofbridges.com/
http://www.chegg.com/homework-help/questionsand-answers/bridges-common-ferries-usedtransport-cars-across-rivers-river-ferries-unlikelarger-cousi-q4946688
http://www.ehow.com/facts_5517162_advantagesdisadvantages-suspension-bridge.html
http://www.brighthubengineering.com/structuralengineering/65074-characteristics-of-beambridges/
http://healthresearchfunding.org/truss-bridgespros-cons/
http://www.answers.com/Q/What_are_the_advantag
es_and_disadvantages_of_a_draw_bridge
http://10mosttoday.com/10-most-famous-bridgesin-the-world/
http://www.ancientfortresses.org/castledrawbridge.htm
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Suspension_Bri
dge.aspx

http://www.warwickallen.com/bridges/BeamBridges
.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_bridge_failures