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THEME: MANAGEMENT AND CONTINUITY OF LIFE

LEARNING AREA: 1. THE WORLD THROUGH OUR SENSES


1.5 Understanding the sense of Hearing
1) identify the structure of the human ear,

Oval
window

BRACE MAP

Semicircular
canals

1) Ear pinna
Outer Ear 2) Auditory canal

Auditory nerve

Ossicles

Structures
of
human
Ear

Ear Pinna

3)
Middle Ear 4)
5)
6)

Ear drum
Ossicles
Oval window
Eustachian
tube

Cochlea
Eustachian
tube

Auditory
Canal

Inner Ear

Ear Drum
Outer ear

Middle ear

7) Semicircular
canals
8) Cochlea
9) Auditory nerve

Inner ear

2) explain the function of the different parts of the ear,

Part of Ear
Ear pinna
Auditory Canal

Function
Collects and channel sound wave into the ear canal.
Directs sound wave to the eardrum.

Ear Drum

Vibrates with the same frequency of the sound.

Oscicles

Amplifies sound vibrations passed by the eardrum.

Cochlea

Detect and converts sound wave into impulses.

Nerve Impulse
Eustachian tube
Semicircular canals

Send impulses to the brain.


Equalises the air pressure on both sides of the eardrum.
Help keep our balance

3) describe how we hear.


HOW DO WE HEAR ?

FLOW MAP
Ear
collect
waves

Pinna
sound

Sound
waves
travel
along
auditory canal and reach the
eardrum which then vibrates at
the frequency of the sound waves

1)
2)

3)
The vibration are
sent
to
the
ossicles to be
amplified

Auditory nerves send the


impulse to the brains for
interpretation

The vibrations then reach


the oval window. The
vibrations cause the fluid in
the cochlea to vibrate and
stimulate the receptors to
generate impulses

4)

5)

Ear Pinna collect sound waves


Sound waves travel along auditory canal
and reach the eardrum which then
vibrates at the frequency of the sound
waves
The vibration are sent to the ossicles to
be amplified
The vibrations then reach the oval
window. The vibrations cause the fluid in
the cochlea to vibrate and stimulate the
receptors to generate impulses
Auditory nerves send the impulse to the
brains for interpretation

Sound Ear Pinna Auditory Canal


Ear drum Ossicles Oval
window Cochlea (Receptor)
Auditory Nerve Brain