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1.2 Understanding the transport of oxygen in the human body.

REMEMBER !!!!
CONCEPT OF AIR MOVEMENT
Air flow from area of high concentration
to area of low concentration area.

When Oxygen enter the lungs, where the


oxygen will go?
LUNGS HEART BODY CELL

1)

i.

describe the diffusion of oxygen from the alveoli


into the blood capillaries,
When Inhalation, Concentration of oxygen is high in
the Alveolus but low in Blood capillaries. (more oxygen
in Alveolus than in blood capillaries)

OXYGEN

Alveolus

i. Concentration of
Oxygen : Higher

DIFFUSION

ii.

Therefore, Oxygen diffuses from Alveolus into the


Blood Capillaries and combine with haemoglobin (in
red blood cell) to form oxyhaemoglobin.

****Characteristics of Alveolus that enable process diffusion


to occur efficiently :
a) Has moist surface
b) Has one-thick wall
c) Has Large surface area
2)
iii.

Blood
Capillaries

Heart

ii. Concentration of
Oxygen : Lower

Pump blood to all parts


of body

describe the transport of oxygen by blood,


This oxygen-rich blood is then transported to the
heart and pumped to all parts of the body.

Blood
Capillaries

i. Concentration of
Oxygen : Lower

DIFFUSION

3) describe the diffusion of oxygen from the blood


capillaries into the cells.
iv.

Oxyhaemoglobin break down and release oxygen.


This oxygen diffuses into body cells.

Body Cells

ii. Concentration of
Oxygen : Higher

TRANSPORT OF OXYGEN

RESPIRATION OF CELLS

Carbon Dioxide
+

Oxygen
+
Glucose

Enter to/

BODY

Diffuse

CELLS

Out from

Energy
+
Water Vapor