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# Activity 1: Define the Problem

## The sport of archery has changed dramatically over the course of a

due to discoveries of new technologies and strategies. In this project, the
factors that aect archery performance that will be described are the pros
and cons of dierent bow types, and some dierent materials arrows are
made out of. Archery and it's evolution at the Olympics will then be
described.The maximum height and equation of the parabola of an arrow
will also be derived from three points along the parabolic arc of its flight.
Lastly the optimal weight of an arrow and it's eect on its spine will be
observed by comparing multiple regression line types.

Activity 2: Research

## 60-80% of the force of actually drawing the bow back

- This allows an archer to pull his bow back to fill draw and

## take time to aim without fatigue

- "Release Aids" are often used so that the string is released more

## curved piece of wood and string

Pros - Lightweight

- Easy to make

## - Is less sensitive to improper stances

- High draw weight allows for high arrow acceleration and speed

## Cons - The recoil of the string after releasing the

arrow often can alter the form of the shooter, causing the
arrow to travel o target

the archer

compact storage

- Lightweight

- Easy to string

- Inexpensive

## target, which is amplified at longer distances

Arrow Types

Carbon - Very light, non-flexible arrows that can shatter if not used

correctly.

## - Shoots an arrow along a very "flat" path

Aluminum - Light arrows that are quite flexible and do not bend, shatter,

or break easily

Wood - Easy-to-make arrows that have been used since the invention of

archery.

## - Generally cannot be used with compound bows or high power

recurve bows, as the force of impact would cause them to snap

## Evolution of Archery at the Olympics

- First ever Olympic archery event : Paris Games of 1900

matches.

## An archer releases an arrow from shoulder height of 1.39 m. When

the arrow hits the target 18 m away, it hits a point that is 1.6 m
above the ground. When the target is removed, the arrow lands 45
m away.

Draw a diagram of the situation (include the archer, the target and
the path of the arrow).

## Identify 3 points on parabolic path of the arrow (Include these

numerical data points on the graph as well)

## Activity 4: Implementing the Plan

Find the maximum height of the arrow along its path.

## Solve the system of equations you created in Activity 3 to find a

quadratic equation that models the parabolic path of the arrow.

Use your equation to find the coordinates of the vertex. You can
use either a graphic or algebraic method.

Use the vertex to find the maximum height of the arrow along its
path.

## Activity 5: Interpreting the Data

Archers need to use arrows that do not bend easily. The table
shows how the weight of an arrow aects its spine, or the distance
to where the center of the arrow bends when a certain force is
applied.

Using a graphing utility, graph the data in the table and find a
linear regression model for the data.

Using a graphing utility, graph the data in the table and find a
quadratic regression model for the data.

## For your final project, determine which model is a better fit.

) models th weight/spine
relationship the best. The linear model will continue below the x-axis,
meaning that at some point the spine of the arrow will be 0. The
technology of archery has not progressed to create an arrow with a spine
of 0, nor will it ever due to the physics involved. In addition, the linear
model will continue on its negative path infinitely, which is not possible.
Visually, the graph of the quadratic equation also "hugs" the plotted
points more. The quadratic, which in this case will graph as a parabola,
will turn and increase again. This relationship between weight and spine is
entirely possible; an arrow's weight may decrease its spine, but an arrow
that is too heavy may actually cause it to bend more easily (and as a

Works Cited

## Jan. 2015. <http://www.eastonhunting.com/blog/dierences-in-

aluminum-and-carbon-hunting-arrows>.

## LIVESTRONG.COM, 21 Feb. 2014. Web. 17 Jan. 2015. <http://

www.livestrong.com/article/116274-four-types-archery-bows/>.