Six Thinking Hats

Looking at a Decision From All Points of View

Six Thinking Hats
• 'Six Thinking Hats' is an important and powerful technique. It is used to look at decisions from a variety of important perspectives. • This forces you to move outside your habitual thinking style, and helps you to get a more rounded view of a situation • This tool was created by Edward de Bono

Six Thinking Hats – Why?
• Thinking is the ultimate human resource • Thinking is attributed to Emotions, Information, Logic, Hope, Creativity etc., • Confusion is the by-product of thinking • Trying to do too much at once leads to confusion • To avoid confusion, do one thing at a time • Wearing the hat separates logic from emotion, creativity from information & so on • Six Thinking Hats conducts our thinking as a music directors conducts an orchestra

Six Thinking Hats - Objectives
• Facilitate Parallel thinking against Arguments • Save time – the most valuable resource • Improving communication & decision making in groups • Lead to more creative thinking • Focus thinking more clearly • Generate new ideas while resolving complicated issues • Block the confrontations that happen when people with different thinking styles discuss the same problem

Six Thinking Hats - Results
• Time Saving • Power generated (with everyone getting into the thinking mood and contributing) • Removal of Ego • One thing at a time

Each 'Thinking Hat' represents a different style of thinking…
• White Hat: Neutral & Objective, Concerned with facts & figures • Red Hat: The Emotional View • Black Hat: Cautious, Careful, the “Devil’s advocate” hat • Yellow Hat: Sunny & Positive • Green Hat: Creativity, New Ideas, fertile growth • Blue Hat: The color of the sky, cool, above everything – The Organizational Hat

Six Thinking Hats
• Remember the color and association of each hat • The function of the hat will be remembered then easily • Hats should be referred to by their colors and not by their functions • Think in pairs – White & Red; Black & Yellow; Green & Blue

Use of Hats
• Single Use – Hats are used as symbols to request a particular type of thinking • Sequence Use – Hats are used in sequence one after another. Any hat can be used as often as we like • Two types of Sequence Use – Evolving & Preset • Discipline • Timing

Guidelines
• No Right sequence to follow • Blue hat should always be used at the beginning and at the end of the session – like two book covers The first BLUE HAT indicates • • • • • • • Why we are here? What are we thinking about? Definition of situation or problem What do we want to achieve? Where we would like to end up? The background to thinking Plan the sequence of hats to be used

Guidelines
The final BLUE HAT indicates • • • • • • • Summarization What we have achieved? What is the outcome? The conclusion The design The Solution And the next steps that needs to be followed

Thinking Performance

RED HAT thinking after the Final BLUE HAT Thinking

• What do we feel about our thinking? • Are we happy with the outcome? • Did we do a good job?

White Hat
• • • • • • • • • White hat is Neutral When White hat is worn, imitate a computer Just the facts – no opinions What information do we need? What information do we have? What information is missing? What questions do we need to ask? How will we get the information we need? Two tier system - Checked Facts & Unchecked facts (belief)

Red Hat
• • • • • • • • Red hat is opposite of Neutral Red hat is opposite of Objective information Red hat is about emotions & feelings Expresses Intuitions, Impressions, Hunches, Gut-feels No need to justify – Just express Think of fire, Think of warmth Red Hat allows thinker to say, “This is how I feel about the matter..” Red Hat thinking is always done individually and not in groups

Black Hat
• • • • • • Black hat is the hat of Caution Black hat points out difficulties & problems Black hat points out errors in thinking Questions strength of evidence Allows us to ascertain what are the risks involved What are the weaknesses that we need to overcome • Black hat is all about “fit”. Does it fit our policy, ethics, values, strategy, experiences etc., • Black hat is the basis of survival, success & civilization

Yellow Hat
• Yellow hat is the hat of Optimism & Positive thinking • Yellow hat is concerned with positive assessment • Yellow hat focuses on benefits • Yellow hat is about constructive thinking and making things happen • Yellow hat takes you from hopeful to logical • Brings out proposals and suggestions • Effectiveness is the aim of Yellow hat thinking • Permits Visions & Dreams • Yellow hat symbolizes Sunshine & Brightness

Green Hat
• Green hat is the hat of Energy • Deliberates creation of new Ideas, Concepts, Perceptions, Alternatives and Changes • Go beyond the Obvious and satisfactory • Lateral thinking & its relation to Creativity • What happens next? • Shaping & Tailoring ideas • The Concept Manager • Generate new concepts and perceptions • Creativity is the matter of skill, talent & personality

Blue Hat
• • • • Blue hat represent sky – Overview Blue hat controls other hats Blue hat is the management of thinking Blue Hat defines the situation, lays out the purpose of thinking, seeks alternatives & lays out what is to be achieved • It sets the thinking task • Observation & Overview • Summaries, Conclusions, Harvesting & Reports