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Warm  Up  7.

2,  Day  1  
Do  the  following  functions  represent  exponential  growth  or  
exponential  decay?    Describe  the  domain,  range,  and  asymptote.  

y=2

x+1

!1$
y = 2# &
"2%

x−3

+4

Unit  7:  Exponential  and  Logarithmic  
Functions  

Target  7.2,  Day  1  
EVALUATE  LOGARITHMS  AND  
GRAPH  LOGARITHMIC  FUNCTIONS  
(7.4)  

Describe  the  inverse  operation  you  would  use  to  solve  the  
following  equations:  

x + 4 = 12
x − 6 = 10
2 x = 14
x ÷ 6 = 24
2

x = 81
3

x = −27

4 x = 100

log 4 100

A  logarithm  is  the  inverse  operation  of  an  exponent.    Even  though  
it’s  a  word  (not  a  symbol  like  +),  it  is  still  just  an  operation!  
Logarithmic  Form  
Exponential  Form  

log 2 8 = 3

“log  base  2  of  8  is  3”  

log4 1 = 0
log12 144 = 2
log1 4 64 = −3

log 9 729 = 3

23 = 8

Evaluate  the  logarithm.  

log 4 64

Ask  yourself,  “4  to  what  power  is  64?”  

log 2 32
1
log 5
5

log1 5 25

log 36 6

Special  Logarithms  

log10 x = log x

Common  Log  

log e x = ln x

Natural  Log  

Evaluate  with  a  calculator.  Round  to  two  decimal  places.  

log 8

ln 0.3

The  wind  speed  s  of  a  tornado  (in  mph)  as  it  travels  d  miles  along  
the  ground  is  given  by  

s = 93 log d + 65
Find  the  wind  speed  of  a  tornado  that  
travels  220  miles.  

Warm  Up  7.2,  Day  2  
Rewrite  in  exponential  form.  

log 4 64 = 3

1
log8 = −1
8

1
log 625 5 =
4

Evaluate.    

log 5 25

log 2 1024

Evaluate  using  a  calculator.    

ln 5.5

log 512

log343 7

log1/3 81

Unit  7:  Exponential  and  Logarithmic  
Functions  

Target  7.2,  Day  2  
EVALUATE  LOGARITHMS  AND  
GRAPH  LOGARITHMIC  FUNCTIONS  
(7.4)  

Remember,  inverse  operations  “undo”  each  other.  
Use  inverse  operations  to  simplify.  

log 5 5 x =

10

log 4

e ln 9 =
ln e 3 x =

=

x

log 5 25 =

log 3 27 x =

Examples  of  inverse  functions:  

f ( x ) = 8x

f ( x) = 2 x

f −1 ( x ) = log8 x

f −1 ( x ) = log 2 x

Find  the  inverse  function.  

y = 6x

y = log12 x

y = 10 x

y = ln x

y = e x−5

y = log1 3 ( x +1)

Since  a  logarithmic  function  (in  red)  is  the  inverse  of  an  
exponential  function  (in  blue),  they  will  be  symmetrical  about  the  
line  y  =  x.  
x

y=b

y=x

y = log b x
(1,  0)  
Exponential  
Domain:  
Range:  
Asymptote:  

b >1

Logarithmic  
Domain:  
Range:  
Asymptote:  

The  graph  of  a  logarithmic  function  if  0  <  b  <  1  

y = log1 2 x

Domain:  x  >  0  
Range:  All  reals  
Vertical  asymptote  at  x  =  0  

(1,  0)  

y = logb (x + h) − k
What  kind  of  shift  will  affect  the  
vertical  asymptote?  
For  homework,  only  state  the  domain,  range,  and  asymptote  for  the  
graphs.    Do  not  graph.  

Describe  how  the  graph  is  shifted.    Then  state  the  domain,  range,  
and  asymptote.  

y = log1/2 ( x + 4)
Shift  
Domain  
Range  
Asymptote  

y = log 2 x − 3

y = ln ( x + 2 ) +1