You are on page 1of 14

# Warm  Up  7.

2,  Day  1
Do  the  following  functions  represent  exponential  growth  or
exponential  decay?    Describe  the  domain,  range,  and  asymptote.

y=2

x+1

!1\$
y = 2# &
"2%

x−3

+4

Unit  7:  Exponential  and  Logarithmic
Functions

Target  7.2,  Day  1
EVALUATE  LOGARITHMS  AND
GRAPH  LOGARITHMIC  FUNCTIONS
(7.4)

Describe  the  inverse  operation  you  would  use  to  solve  the
following  equations:

x + 4 = 12
x − 6 = 10
2 x = 14
x ÷ 6 = 24
2

x = 81
3

x = −27

4 x = 100

log 4 100

A  logarithm  is  the  inverse  operation  of  an  exponent.    Even  though
it’s  a  word  (not  a  symbol  like  +),  it  is  still  just  an  operation!
Logarithmic  Form
Exponential  Form

log 2 8 = 3

“log  base  2  of  8  is  3”

log4 1 = 0
log12 144 = 2
log1 4 64 = −3

log 9 729 = 3

23 = 8

Evaluate  the  logarithm.

log 4 64

Ask  yourself,  “4  to  what  power  is  64?”

log 2 32
1
log 5
5

log1 5 25

log 36 6

Special  Logarithms

log10 x = log x

Common  Log

log e x = ln x

Natural  Log

Evaluate  with  a  calculator.  Round  to  two  decimal  places.

log 8

ln 0.3

The  wind  speed  s  of  a  tornado  (in  mph)  as  it  travels  d  miles  along
the  ground  is  given  by

s = 93 log d + 65
Find  the  wind  speed  of  a  tornado  that
travels  220  miles.

Warm  Up  7.2,  Day  2
Rewrite  in  exponential  form.

log 4 64 = 3

1
log8 = −1
8

1
log 625 5 =
4

Evaluate.

log 5 25

log 2 1024

Evaluate  using  a  calculator.

ln 5.5

log 512

log343 7

log1/3 81

Unit  7:  Exponential  and  Logarithmic
Functions

Target  7.2,  Day  2
EVALUATE  LOGARITHMS  AND
GRAPH  LOGARITHMIC  FUNCTIONS
(7.4)

Remember,  inverse  operations  “undo”  each  other.
Use  inverse  operations  to  simplify.

log 5 5 x =

10

log 4

e ln 9 =
ln e 3 x =

=

x

log 5 25 =

log 3 27 x =

Examples  of  inverse  functions:

f ( x ) = 8x

f ( x) = 2 x

f −1 ( x ) = log8 x

f −1 ( x ) = log 2 x

Find  the  inverse  function.

y = 6x

y = log12 x

y = 10 x

y = ln x

y = e x−5

y = log1 3 ( x +1)

Since  a  logarithmic  function  (in  red)  is  the  inverse  of  an
exponential  function  (in  blue),  they  will  be  symmetrical  about  the
line  y  =  x.
x

y=b

y=x

y = log b x
(1,  0)
Exponential
Domain:
Range:
Asymptote:

b >1

Logarithmic
Domain:
Range:
Asymptote:

The  graph  of  a  logarithmic  function  if  0  <  b  <  1

y = log1 2 x

Domain:  x  >  0
Range:  All  reals
Vertical  asymptote  at  x  =  0

(1,  0)

y = logb (x + h) − k
What  kind  of  shift  will  aﬀect  the
vertical  asymptote?
For  homework,  only  state  the  domain,  range,  and  asymptote  for  the
graphs.    Do  not  graph.

Describe  how  the  graph  is  shifted.    Then  state  the  domain,  range,
and  asymptote.

y = log1/2 ( x + 4)
Shift
Domain
Range
Asymptote

y = log 2 x − 3

y = ln ( x + 2 ) +1