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lPq iq De

6. AzsvP jgU P ( 22)


Right to Constitutional Remedies
q. .Dg. CAqgg P g F P Azsz
Dv v zAizAv. F Ai APmU
s
v P U
gPu
U
V jm CfAi Pj
Cw rz. jmU.

32 AiAi Z AiiAi F 5 jm
Cfej iq CPg qz Azsz
gPP JVz.
gd zP vvU-Azsz IV sU

C ) A v Q P g t (Habeas Corpus)
Ai i gz g Cx Ev g g
AzU Dv AiiAiz Az
dgr, Dv Azs
z
Pgt wAv
AiiAi q DeA
i A! v
Q Pgt

Azs P z V z g Dv
AiiAi qUq
i q Dz qvz
.
AiQP vAv Cz AgQvz.
D)

E)

(Directive Principal of State Policy) 36-51

g

z (Mandemus) n z F Cx
Dzv . (we order) P gU
Pz PAi PAi i AU z
Aiizzg
A Cx CPj zU
GZ AiiAi Cx Z AiiAi
AAzsljU v Pv
q De EzVz. Ez P dP
PUU iv Cvz.
zse (Prohibition) PV AiiAiU
( Pm f AiiAi, ifm
Pm, PP AiiAi, nU)
v CPg Ai j Cx P w
AiP gzV w) qzAv GZ
AiAi Cx Z AiiAi
JA jm grz.
Aiiz UAi Pg DzU
13

1.

J UjPjU AiUz f
Ai
P
z.

2.

Av v Gvz zsU P P
dg PAi PAP vUz vqA
iz.

3.

g v AijjU i PP
i v UAv iqz.

4.

gAi Aw
Aiz vgu
iqz.

5.

PPg AiUP rPz.

6.

jAi v PPjU gPu


MzVz.

7.

P U v A v v W v A i AU
DgU tV A i Pz CPU


P
z.

8.

z g z U , Cg U v
CAUPvAz APQ qzj
U, dP
Pg zgPAv PgP
PUz.

9.

PZjU Piq iAi v


AiAivz jwAi it v
AijU U s qz.

10.

PPjU Gv
v, Gv
f
l v

AP
11.
12.

PP gP Pz CP Pz.

b)

DyPV zgzj
U GavP g

r Ai UAv iqz.

Ut z
z Pj zwAi gU
UrPUjPU .

c)

PUjPU Dqvz PPjU wzs


qz.

z U
U Pt
P v DyP vQU



PAiz.

d)

zQAi PgtU gvV Gz J jwAi


izP zU P v z
z.

e)

AUAi C v UvAi
zs ejU vgz.

f)

e P Dzs g z Ai
C U
z.

4.

CAvgAi vvU

(International Principal)
F vvU zAU wAi CrAizAw.
gdUU F PVAv z qv.

a.

CAvgAi Aw v szvU v
qz.

b.

DgUq AwAiv v UgAiv


AAzs Azz.

13.

Er gz djU i DzAi CAv,


s v CPU Pz.

14.

dP DgU Azs, fl
zs g u v Q U z u U A i
PAU gAvg Zz UU gPg
Pfz. E id vvU
Socialistic Principal) e
vvP i dz

w
, ifP, DyP v gdQAi
Ai v ivU ejU, dg
Pt Pj DV.

2.

Gzg vvU (Liberal and General


Principles) a) zzzAv KPjwAi UjP
w Av Common Civil Code ejU
vg z.

b)

F gz 14 QAv PV J PU
Gav v PqAi Pt qz.

e.

CAv g Ai P v M A z
Ugz.

b)

F gz 14 QAv PV J PU
Gav v PqAi Pt qz.

d.

CAvgAi zU

AwAiv Azsz
P Ujz.

c)

AiiAU
PAiiAUAz v
Qz.

d)

jg, Cgt v UU AgPu v


C z.

e)

gAi gP , LwP v v AwP


v U A g P u U Pz
P
PU z.

3.

UA vvU

(Gandhian Principles) F vvU


UA Zgzs gU
Dzsgz gdz
jP
ir, gdU
U F PV
Av z
qv
.

a)

Ai Aiv Pgz WlPV U


AZAivU
.

s g w Ai A zs 22 s U U
MUArzg, Czg At Cx U
Gz RV sU 3. svPU
s U 4. z P v v U Cq P Vz .
s
vP U
PqAiz . Dzg zP
vvU

LaPz zU

zP vvU


i fP v DyP e s v

Vvz
. s
v P U

jm CfU
P APmAz qzP
CPz. Dzg zP vvUU F
Ezg
P Zu Az
s zzg

F
zP vvU


ejU, Pg CPg
qA
i t


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Ai.
14

AP

g

Ai Z
sgv
- j xAi
V Pe, Ptg

Z sgv DAz JA j sgvz


d v PvAi EqAv PAiP
U
EwZU qAiw. Z sgv JA glz
lP
gA
z wAi QU

zz
P

AlP
Aq P gdQAiz gvg
Vzg.
sgv z CzVg Pgtgg? Aig
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gg
UAz ew Dzsjv Ci v, CAzs: Pg
CiUAz Pv g sgvz ew,
U
zUz P AiAi
P

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Z
Uvz
A
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AUwAi e
A
v i d aAw PVz.

qA
iwz . DA
iAzg UAAi PAzAv
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iqj
U UA C AigVg. P w
z sU

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P zPV
fvv
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P Elg
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iq gnzg.
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ir qz
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sP vtPU UtUl. PU PU
r PUrAi
P vA P egv v v gPvz
.
zAiUVAv ZAiP Dzv Pl UAAi
U j. EAU i (Man
Hole) U Ez Aiig irz
Jv zvg PU ZUz AiiU?
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w
z UAAi gvg UA PUr
iv vU sA iz. izs U V.
PUV , ew U iq v
iz U .
z UU W iq z Pl
Z U P.

ASv zv id EAU Cw
Pg
V qPwg ew Ai
Er sgv

CzU
z. sgvz
U


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JA CiAi Pv EAU ejAiz. ew
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z , zP, PU
U CvZgU
qA izAv
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, zg j
U
z; Ai
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ir z GgUn vgtz zP
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PP ZUz R. UAAi
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v
v CAU djAz gia g
FU qA
iwz. UAfAi D
z w
v Pg,
U sUv VvU ot PAiP
U

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P
vU

PU

V. Pj Pb jU F P

Urg

Aiig? v AiiU?
Aig gP UV Pt g i dz
P Urz AiiU? zsU
Plr Aig Q, CjU av
z
vr, Cg gAv PtzAv
id z zsw
U g
P zg UrP. F zz gjU
MAz Ai, AijU EAz. Azs
15

AP
rz ivAi Cgz AiiU?
vA
v z j
P P mU

vl
P PtQ Aig Pq ZU
PVz. uV lz A w
Z U PVz.

sA
ivz
PVz. Pj U Evg
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U
ZU PVz.
P PPg P PPgU z
U U V z Ai P Ai j w
itU. Pj U SV U
zs CAi. Q JA s .
CAqgg PlAv Azs
v UA
xU. PAgg DAizAv
dAUz AwAi vl zz .
Aw Az C ASvg
, Aig U
zUzg zPAvU. ew
vAz KA JA vvzAv sgv Cg.
g P U rz g i v s g v
P
P
Uz.

PAz U, ZgArU iv Pt
U. ewAig , Evgg

QV Pt
P UrP. AiiAUz EA P
Z A i z . G g g z Ai i Ai U
ZUPVz. AiiAUzg P
PAiiAUz
g
P U Ci vA
iA P



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g P v U A i P . P g m
Pgt
Uwg sgvz
izs U
Z
U PV.
sAivz : zg, zsU j qAi

CASvjU AidU
zU

Gv Pt qA iwg zyUU zyv
gdz CA
Svg , zz zAiU
vP
vg v qPg m AU iq, Jgq
UU Uj 10 P g. zyv q Aid Ez.
Dv :
* z jPAi 60%QAv Z CAP UgP.
* PlAz P gi g. 4 PQAv Pr EgP.
* zz zAiz
UgP.
AQ : CA Sv Pt ES,
2. P C vg
w :
gPgAz DAi irz AUAz CASvjU zs PAlg vgwU qUz. 6
wAU CU, wAUU g. 500/- v qUz. Aiw 18jAz 35 v P
DzAiz w g. Jgq P.

UAU PluU RAq


UAUAi ZAii Ai Dzg td PAzP AQ ag P gt Gq
f CASvg P w
V RArz. P gtP AAzAv zU Pq A,

z CAUr iPjU jg q P. Jgq PU q Aw g


PrP
A
v,
Az EAv WlU gPzAv, g AeUv
P
PUPAz PAi CzsPg
P l
uAi wgvg.
16

AP

Zu P Avg. .......
AiijU MAi U
A?
CZ DAiAU (MAi U) g JA zsAi PzAU, PAzz
e P, CPgz
ZPtA
i rz. CAvgAi Avz
, vU

wg PrAiizzjAz, gP g lg qAvVz.
Dzg, Aiiz Pvz
Uz zuAiiU. Dzg EjU MAi U A.
gvAvgz

vqVg AWj
g G-AWlU
U
Lz P gU Dzsg Pq, w EU C vj, dg vAvgUUvz.
PV EAv WlU qAiv.
v UAfAig
zj
U :
vUAAig
z, v UA AvP, xgi UqAig
f zz
UU
MAi U A. UqAijU Gvg z
z zAi Pg gAsUArz. zsP
xgi Uq itV, UAfAi v irz , dj 30gAz qUq iq A
iv
qA
iwz.

g
, Q gi Z A iv
v UA, dg
vUA, dg g U Q U v Pr iq A
iv qAiwAi? F
U Z sgv MAi Dqvz U Ev DZguU gA, F U v
PrAiiV A
iv iqUvz JA Az djU gvqVz. Z
v M Dqv RArvVAi

R AiU. Dzg CU gAvg qPz CUv Ez C?


P t v s
Zgz U gzs Pzz .e. FU AiiP EU U iAiiVz.
Ai-l v z qAU gP gU

CPgP g z AiizP .e. gPg gv, CU gPg
AzjPAq UzP, PAU
gPg, gPg Ai l gPg JAz r
iqvz
.
Dzg PlPz PAU
gPg, gPj CPjU z zP JAz wz dPV
aAwz, zU

Ar, vAi JAz, Az qA
iwz. qs
A
PAi U P, oU
U
P, w Ptz U P U g zU Ar, g PUU v qAi
v Pl, l wAz Az, qAizjAz F gPg z qAU gPg JAz PgAiz.
A! F gPg A gPg Arz PAiU zq irz.
- eg Am
17

AP

18

AP

P g

g v
GvgPg

-gf AiA Am

BA, B.Ed., LLB

g v Gv g P g P A A z A v
QA
ijU sgwAi g CAi 1925 (Indian
Succession Act 1925) CAiUvz.

Dv Ml DAi Czsz Dv zs
w v Gz t gP
A
AU
MmV
qA
ivg.

AzU
g Av QA
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vfv D JA jP Eg. M v
vAzAz vAz g gP
A
AU
Az Cx
P Cx zV AAPg

z

j
Az UAi
Ag Cz
Dv Aiifv DAi DUvz
.
DAi At iPv

A Cz
vZAv j iq P Agv.
VgzjAz Dv fvAi Dv DAi
Dv Aqw PU Cx Evg AAU
U
Aiiz zsz Q Eg. Dv gzgg
Dv DAi Dv gu Avg
qA
ivg.

03. v v Aiiz g Adg v


gP AAU Agz P v
zs
wAi Az Dv At
DAi DPAi qAiv.
04. v zs Aqw Egz Dv g
Adjzg CjU v g Adjzg
Dv DAi Evg gP
A AU
U
Uvz
.
05. v zs Aqw g Adg U
Evg gP AAUU Aiig Ez
Dv J DAi gPgP gvz.
v QAi Ai DAi DPAi wAi P
J?

MAz M QA
i v guAvgz


DU Pz v DAi jU AAzAv
(Will) gz, vl Dv /DPAi DAi
jAi F CAiz UUgV
DUvP z .

v QA
i g DAi Dv zs

Aqw J itz v Aii zsz
qA
ivA
i Cz
i tz v Cz zsz


v QA i Ai DAi DPAi w qA iv.

v QAi g DAi Dv w
v Dv gPAAUU U v QAi
A i Ds A i DP A i w v DP A i
gPAAUU Uvz.

v QAi g Adg Dv DAi U


qA ivg ?
v gt Aiz Dv w fAvgz
Dv g Adg fAvz Dv DAi
CgU F PV AiUUg qAivg.

v QAi g D j U ?
01. v v zs w U g Adg
Azg Dv Ml DAi g MAz
sU
Dv zs
w U Gz g
Jgq sU J g Adg MmV
qA
ivg.

1)

02. v v g Adg Agz v


zs
w v gP AAU

Az
19

v Aiiz zg g Adjz Dv
MAz U (CAzg) U Cx U)
Ez Dv J DAi D U qA
ivz
.
vU MAzQAv Z Pz Dv DAi
Dv P
g

z s qA
ivg.
v zgz g AdgAzg DvVAv
z vn
z Dv U Cx U

AP
U Cx P (CAzg U( ) Cx
P)
2)

? v gt Aiz Dv Aqw v
Aiiz g Az fAv Ez Dv
DAi Dv Eg gPAAU (CAzg
vAz, v, zg zjAig U
Cg P ) F PV Aiz P g
P g qAivg.

vU Aiiz U (CAzg U Cx
U) Ez Dv P SAvg
U Cx U Cx P
iv Ez CAx P
Pz gz
g Adjz (CAzg jPz)
v DAi fAvg Dv CAx
U Cx U, Cx CAxg
MjVAz Z Ez Cg iV
qA
ivg.

01. v vAz fAvz Dv v J


DAi qAiv.
02. v gt Aiz Dv vAz fAv
EzU
J) v zg Cx zj Cx
v fvAi wj Vz Dv

zg Cx
zjAi P Aiig
Ez v v iv Ez DPAi
v J DAi qAiv.

GzguU M v QAiU g d
Pz Cg
vVAv z vn
z

v gtz Aiz Dv g d
P P Ml 8d P iv
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Dv DAi 8 d P z
CAzg v JAl MAz sU
qA
ivg.
3)

v gtz Aiz Dv Aiiz


U Cx P Cx P (CAzg
P) Aiig fAv Egz jP
(CAzg P P) Cx E
zgz g Adg iv fAv Ez
v DAi DvU Z z (CAzg
z v
i j )g dg qA ivg.

4)

v gtz Aiz fAvg g


Adg MAz i jg
Vgz g g
v
i jg
Vz v gtz Aiz
fAv Ez DvU z MAz v ij
g Adg v vVAv z
vnz DvU z Cz vij
g Adg Ml J dgUvg C
A S Ai z U v
fvAi vnz CAx w
g
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qA
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) v v U Dv
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zj
Cx zjAi Pg Ez
v DAi Dv v v
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() v v,
zg
zj Cz v
fvA
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n
z
Dv
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Cx
zjAi P
v gt
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v fAvg w

zg
zj
U v fvA
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w

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zjAi P MmV
qA
ivg.
3) v gtz Aiz Dv g Adg
vAz v Aiig fgz Dv DAi
Dv z g z j Ai g V
qAivg CAxg Aiigzg vVAv
z vnz Cg P fz
Cg
g
P MmV v vAz/v U
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4)

v g AdjzU Dv DAi
Dv gP
A
AU

Aiig J qA
ivg
20

v gtz Aiz Dv vAz v

zg
zj Egz fgz Dv
DAi Dv Evg z vij gP
AAU V qAivg.

AP

U AZAiwU v
- gm d
Pteg

sgvzz ASv CPgvAi vqz


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v v U
z KUAi z gv
v UAfAig vA
v vg
z
DAi DVv.
Dzg F DAi E AtV Fqj.

Zv wU PgvAi
P v g z e v A v A U
Uz.

PgvAiAU w P MzVzg P
Cg flz zsguAi z.

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it
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Pg
v
A
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21 zz.

u wU : R AwU
Czs Pv
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sgv PAiP
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Pg sgv MAz vPAP v U


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w P g Pg
v

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15
QAv Z Ai CPg

g

PggVz F PAiP
z Uj.

f AZAiw Czs Pg
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AZAiw
R
PAi
uPjUUAq f P Pt
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f lz
vz
.

vP AZ PAi uPjU,
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Gz : CPgjU Nz, g, g PZg P,


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f Utl, zsguU w P vgw


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f AiiAv PPU AzjU Pt



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iqz.

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P Pt wU gZAiiV.
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vgA
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s g v PAi P z v Ai i Vz .
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PAzU


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P
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*

PPyU . 85g CPg Aig


PPU Mr g v Pgv

i tz CAvg

Ez.

j ew, j AUq, CASv v


v Uz CPgg PPU a Mv
qz.
21

AP
* gvg PAi C r
v U qvg.
P Gv azjAz U AZAiwAi
zUvz
.

UAi Eg gPg P DVwz Pq


iq P.
PP vgt
it : PP PAzz

CPg

g
PAi v A
iAPg
gAvg Q A i
q z P g v GAl i q v g t
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oi U
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iA AU
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GzU , zA
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sgv PAiP
z
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* Pgz AidU dz ssUU


v zs Uvz.
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Aig U AZAiwAi U q Av
vgt
itUvz
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Pg AZAiwAi zsU Ugz
iqz?

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sgv PAiP
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V ejUz U z
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Svg

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AZAiwAi Pg
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iqzAz qt.

U AZAiwAi Pg AZAiw JAz


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* zAvg AiA Az v ggAi


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.

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* CPgg PAiAv Cg z.

* PP PAz Q irPqz.

* Pg U AZAiwAiiUzjAz U
AZAiwU PAiPU
U V qA
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.

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AidU Uj zsAiiUvz.

* PP PAzz

AwP PAiP
AWnz.

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g
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Az e

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U CxtUvz.

* CPg

t P PAi CP irPqAv
Cg Aig z.

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C AiiUvz
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GvzP QAiU GvV vqVPAq Cg
DzAi Z v
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.

* PP PAzU

U CUv z a
PP iVU


qz.

* Aig PgtUvg. -Ai


AWU GvAi iqvg. AiA GzUz
tvqV, CyPV AUUvg.

Czs Pg
GzsPg
zg

U lz Pt w

22

U AZAiw CzsPg
zjAz DAiAiizg
AZAiwAi Eg

AP
w
U v MgAv
ifP Ai wAi zg
Aq Cx Ai
AWz zg
id PAiPvg
Pgg Cx CAi GvzPg
gPg (Mg)
z PAiz U AZAiw Aig Pj qsAi SzsAig Cx qs
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(. : Mmg zg Q P .50g zg AigVgP)

ws gg U
PlP CASv U 2014g
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s zA
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wz JAz PlP CA Sv
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