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CLASS XII (STREAM SX)

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER
POINT

KVPYQUESTIONPAPER2014(STREAMSX)
Part I
One - Mark Questions

Date : 02 / 11 / 2014

MATHEMATICS
1.

Let C0 be a circle of radius 1. For n 1, let Cn be a circle whose area equals the area of a square inscribed in

Cn 1. Then

i 0

(A) 2
Ans.

(B)

(C)

(D)

2
2

[D]

Sol.

Area(C ) = r
i

2
0

i =0

2 rn 1
Cn1

Area of Cn = rn2 = ( 2 rn1)2

2 2
rn 1
rn2 =

2
2
so r12 = r02, r22 = r12

22
= r02

2
2
2
2

r32 =
r22 =
r02

( )

So

Area(C ) = r
i

i =0

2
0

2 2 2 2 2

r0 + . r0 + ....

2 r02
r02
r0 = 1
=
2
2
1

=
2

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2.

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

For a real number r we denote by [r] the largest integer less than or equal to r. If x, y are real numbers with
x, y 1 then which of the following statements is always true?
(A) [x + y] [x] + [y]

x [x ]
(D)
[ y]
y

Ans.

[D]

Sol.

(A) [x + y] [x] + [y]

let x = 0.1
y = 0.9
[0.1 + 0.9] [0.1] + [0.9]
10+0

wrong

(B) [xy] [x ] [y]

x = 2; y =

1
2

1
1
2. 2  2

1 0 wrong
(C) [2x] 2[x]
x = 0.99 [20.99] 2[0.99]
[20.99] 2 = 1 wrong
x [x ]
(D)
[ y]
y
given x, y 1
x
if x < y = 0
y

[x ]
true
[ y]

x [x ]
if x y
always true
[ y]
y

3.

For each positive integer n, let An = max | 0 r n . Then the number of elements n in {1,2,,20} for
r

which 1.9
(A) 9

Ans.

An
2 is
A n 1
(B) 10

(C) 11

(D) 12

[C]

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Sol.

CAREER POINT

An
=
A n 1

n
n 1

Cn / 2

=2

C n 11
2

Case (2) n = odd
n

An
=
A n 1

C n 1

n 1

C n 1

2n
n +1

which satisfies only for n = 19

4.

Let b, d > 0. The locus of all points P(r, ) for which the line OP (where O is the origin) cuts the line r sin = b
in Q such that PQ = d is

Ans.
Sol.

(A) (r d) sin = b

(B) (r d) sin = b

(C) (r d) cos = b

(D) (r d) cos = b

[B]
(x, y)
P(r, )

y
d
Q

y=b

r
O
(0, 0)

equation of OP
y = x tan
point Q is (b cot , b)
point P is y = b d sin

r sin = b d sin
(r m d) sin = b

5.

Let C be the circle x2 + y2 = 1 in the xy-plane. For each t 0, let Lt be the line passing through (0, 1) and
(t, 0). Note that Lt intersects C in two points, one of which is (0,1). Let Qt be the other point. As t varies
between 1 and 1 +

2 , the collection of points Qt sweeps out an arc on C. The angle subtended by this arc at

(0, 0) is
(A)

Ans.

(B)

(C)

(D)

3
8

[B]

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Sol.

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

x2 + y2 = 1
x
y
+
=1
Lt
t
1
x
y=1
t
x2 + 1 +

2x
x2

=1
2
t
t

1 2x

x2 1 + 2
=0
t
t

x = 0,

2
1

x 1 + 2 =
t
t

y=1

x=

2
2t
; y=1 2
t2 +1
t +1

(0, 1)

y=

t2 1
t2 +1

2t
t2 1

Qt
,
2
2

1
+
t
t
+
1

1t1+

t = tan

Qt (sin 2, cos 2)

45 , 67
2

lies on circle C

1 1

,
2 2

/4

so angle at centre =

6.

Ans.
Sol.

(1, 0)
Q

In an ellipse, its foci and the ends of its major axis are equally spaced. If the length of its semi-minor axis is
2 2 , then the length of its semi-major axis is
(A) 4
[D]

(C) 10

(B) 2 3

(D) 3

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CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

AS = SS = SA
2ae = a ae
3ae = a
e = 1/3

7.

1
8
b2
b2
=
=

2
2
9
9
a
a

8
8
=
a=3
2
9
a

Let ABC be a triangle such that AB = BC. Let F be the midpoint of AB and X be a point on BC such that FX
is perpendicular to AB. If BX = 3XC then the ratio BC/AC equals
(A)

Ans.

(B)

(C)

3
2

(D) 1

[C]

Sol.
A
2y
F
2y
B

3y

Q cos B =

2
3

Also cos B =

16 y 2 + 16 y 2 AC 2
2.4 y.4 y

32 y 2 AC 2
2
=
3
32 y 2
64y2 = 96y2 3AC2
3AC2 = 32y2
AC =

4 2
3

4y
BC
=
=
AC
4 2y

3
2

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8.

1
2

cos x

(A) 6

(B) 4

(C) 2

(D) 0

Ans.

[B]

Sol.

cos4x sin4x =

= sin4 x +

1
sin 2 x

1
1

2
sin x
cos 2 x

(cos2x sin2x) =

cos 2x =

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

(cos 2 x sin 2 x )
sin 2 x cos 2 x

4 cos 2x
sin 2 2x

cos 2x (1 4 cosec22x) = 0
cos 2x = 0
2x = 2n

x = n

At n = 0, x =

9.

n = 1; x =

5 3
,
4
4

n = 2, x =

7
4

x + 5

Consider the function (x) = x 2

1

if x 2
. Then f (f (x)) is discontinuous
if x = 2

(D) at exactly three values of x

Ans.

[B]

Sol.

discontinuous at x = 2
x +5
f(f(x)) = f

x 2

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CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

x+5
+ 5

x2
= 6x 5
=
x+9
x+5

x2

6x 5
9x

At x = 9 it is discontinuous

10.

For a real number x let [x] denote the largest number less than or equal to x. For x R let f (x) = [x] sin x.
Then
(A) f is differentiable on R.
(B) f is symmetric about the line x = 0.
(C)

f ( x )dx = 0 .

(D) For each real , the equation f (x) = 0 has infinitely many roots.

Ans.

[D]

Sol.

2
1
1
3

Not diff for x R.

Not sym about x = 0.
3

f (x)dx 0

11.

sin x ,
f (x) = 2
tan x ,

if x is irrational and x [0, ]

if x is rational and x [0, ]

The number of points in [0, ] at which the function f is continuous is

(A) 6

(B) 4

(C) 2

(D) 0

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Ans.

[B]

Sol.

sin x x Q
f(x) = 2
tan x x Q

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

if is continuous at x = 0,
so 2 points
sinx = tan2x sin x(cos2x sin x) = 0
sin x = 0
x = 0,
sin2x + sinx 1 = 0
1 5
2

sinx =

5 1
2 values
2

sinx =

Total 4 points
1

12.

0

NOT necessarily true?

1

(A)

e x f ( x )dx 10

(B)

f (x )

(1 + x)

dx 10

(C) 10

sin(100x ) f (x) dx 10

(D)

Ans.

[D]

Sol.

Q f(x) 0

f (x)

dx 100

f (x)

dx 100 not necessarily true.

because (f(x))2 can take very high values then area bounded by (f(x))2, x-axis & x = 0 to 1 may cross 100.

13.

f (t) dt . Which of the following options is

0

true?
(A) f (x + y) = f (x) + f (y)

(C) f (x + y) = f (x) + f (y) + f (x) f (y)

(D) f (x + y) = f (xy)

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Ans.

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

[C]
x

Sol.

(x) = x +

(t)dt
0

(x) = 1 + (x)

(x) (x) = 1
ex(x) (x) ex = ex

d
((x) ex) = ex
dx

(x) ex =

ex
+c
1

(x) = 1 + cex

(0) = 0 = 1 + ce0 c = 1
(x) = ex 1
(x) + (y) + (x) (y) = ex 1 + ey 1 + (ex 1) (ey 1)
= ex 1 + ey 1 + ex.ey ey ex + 1
= ex.ey 1 = ex + y 1
= (x + y)
14.

For a real number x let [x] denote the largest integer less than or equal to x and {x} = x [x]. Let n be a
n

positive integer. Then

cos(2[x]{x}) dx is equal to
0

(A) 0
Ans.

(B) 1

(C) n

(D) 2n 1

[B]
n

Sol.

cos(2[x]{x}) dx
0

cos(0) dx +

= (1 0) +

cos(2( x 1)) dx +

cos(4( x 2)) dx + +

cos(2(n 1) (x (n 1))) dx

n 1

n 1

cos 2x dx + cos 4x dx + + cos(2(n 1)x) dx

2

sin 2x
sin 4x
+
=1+
2 1
4

sin 2(n 1) x
+ +
2(n 1)

n 1

=1+0=1

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15.

Ans.
Sol.

16.

Ans.
Sol.

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

Two persons A and B throw a (fair) die (six-faced cube with faces numbered from 1 to 6) alternately, starting
with A. The first person to get an outcome different from the previous one by the opponent wins. The
probability that B wins is
5
6
7
8
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
6
7
8
9
[B]
6 5
6 1 1 5
6 1 1 1 1 5
P= . + . . . + . . .
. . + ..
6 6
6 6 6 6
6 6 6 6 6 6
5
5
5
=
+ 3 + 5 +
6
6
6
30
6
5/6
=
=
=
1
35
7
1
36
Let n 3. A list of numbers x1, x2,, xn has mean and standard deviation . A new list of numbers
x + x2
x + x2
y1, y2,, yn is made as follows: y1 = 1
, y2 = 1
and yj = xj for j = 3,4,, n. The mean and the
2
2
standard deviation of the new list are and . Then which of the following is necessarily true?
(A) = and
(B) = and
(D)

(C) =
[B]
x + x 2 + ...... + x n
= 1
n

x1 + x 2 x1 + x 2
+
+ x 3 + .... + x n
y1 + y 2 + ...... + y n
2
2
=
=
n
n
x + x 2 + x 3 + ..... + x n
= =
= 1
n
x i2
2 =
2
n
x 2 + x 22 + .... + x 2n
2 = 1
2
n

.... (1)

x + x2
x1 + x 2
+ x 32 + .....x 2n

+ 1
2
2
2
y1 + y 2 + .... + y n
2
2

2
2
=
=
2
n
n
x 12 + x 22
+ x 1 x 2 + x 32 + ... + x 2n
2
2
=
2
...(2)
n
x 2 + x 22 x 12 + x 22 + 2x 1 x 2
x 2 + x 22 2x 1 x 2
= 1
2 2 = 1

n
2n
2n

2
(x 1 x 2 )
=
0 & =
2n
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17.

Ans.
Sol.

CAREER POINT

What is the angle subtended by an edge of a regular tetrahedron at its center?

1
(A) cos1
2

(B) cos1
2

1
(C) cos1
3

(D) cos1
3

[C]

r
C (c)

r
A (a )
r r r
a , b, c are unit vectors

r
B ( b)

r r r r r r
a ^b = b^c =c^a =
3
r r r r
o + a +b +c

centre p

Now angle between AP & BP

r r r
r r r
a +b +c r a +b +c r

a
b

4
4
AP BP

= r r r
cos =
r r r r
a +b +c r a +b +c
| AP | | BP |
a
b
4
4
r r r r r r
(b + c 3a ) (a + c 3b)
= r r r r r r
| b + c 3a | | a + c 3b |
r r
r
r r r
r
r r
r r
r r r r
a b + b c 3b 2 + a c + c 2 3b c 3a 2 3a c + 9a b
=
r
r r
r
r
r r
r r
(b 2 + c 2 + 9a 2 + 2b c 6a c 6a b)
1 1
1
3
3 9
+ 3 + +1 3 +
2
2
2
2
2 2
=
1+1+ 9 +1 3 3
=

5 + 3
1
=
6
3

1
= cos 1
3

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CLASS XII (STREAM SX)

18.

Let S = {(a, b) : a, b Z, 0 a, b 18}. The number of elements (x, y) in S such that 3x + 4y + 5 is divisible
by 19 is
(A) 38

Ans.
Sol.

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

(B) 19

(C) 18

(D) 1

[B]
3x + 4y + 5 = 19 I

5 (3x + 4y + 5) 131
5 19 I 131
Case (i)

3x + 4y + 5 = 19
3x + 4y = 14
y=

14 3x
4

Case (ii) 3x + 4y + 5 = 38
3x + 4y = 33
4y = 33 3x
y=

x=2

Case (iii)

3x + 4y = 52
x=

52 3x
4

x = 0, 4, 8, 12, 16

33 3x
4

x = 3, 7, 11
Case (iv) 3x + 4y = 71
4y = 71 3x
y=

Case (v) 3x + 4y = 90

71 3x
4

y=

Case (vi)

90 3x
4

x = 6, 10, 14, 18

3x + 4y = 109
y=

109 3x
4

x = 15 is only possibility.

x = 1, 5, 9, 13, 17
Total Solution = 19
19.

For a real number r let [r] denote the largest integer less than or equal to r. Let a > 1 be a real number which
is not an integer and let k be the smallest positive integer such that [ak] > [a]k. Then which of the following
statements is always true?
(A) k 2 ([a] + 1)2
(B) k ([a] + 1)4
1
+1
(C) k 2[a]+1
(D) k
a [a ]

Ans.
Sol.

[B]
By taking different values of a & k.
option (B) is possible.

20.

Let X be a set of 5 elements. The number d of ordered pairs (A, B) of subsets of X such that A , B ,
A B = satisfies
(A) 50 d 100
(B) 101 d 150
(C) 151 d 200

Ans.

[C]

Sol.

(D) 201 d

3!

4!
4! 2! 5 5!
5!
2! + 5C4
C2 . 2! + 5C3
2!+
+ C5
2!+
2!
2! 2! 2!
2! 3!
1! 2!

1! 3!
1! 4!

= 10(2) + 10(6) + 5(8 + 6) + (10 + 20)

= 20 + 60 + 70 + 30 = 180
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CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

PHYSICS
21.

A uniform thin rod of length 2L and mass m lies on a horizontal table. A horizontal impulse J is given to the
rod at one red. There is no friction. The total kinetic energy of the rod just after the impulse will be
(A)

Ans.
Sol.

J2
2m

(B)

J2
m

(C)

2J 2
m

(D)

6J 2
m

[C]

2L

CM

J = mv
where v is the velocity of centre of mass.
After impulse rod get angular velocity
Angular impulse = I

.... (1)

m( 2 L) 2

12
mL
J=
3

JL =

....(2)

3J
mL

J
m
1
1
Kinetic energy = KE = mv 2 + I2
2
2
from equation (1); v =

22.

1 J 2 1 m 4L2
9J 2
m 2 +
2 2
2 m
2
12
m L

J 2 36J 2
+
2m 24m

48J 2
2J 2

24m
m

A solid cylinder P rolls without slipping from rest down an inclined plane attaining a speed vP at the bottom.
Another smooth solid cylinder Q of same mass and dimensions slides without friction from rest down the
vQ
inclined plane attaining a speed vQ at the bottom. The ratio of the speeds
vP
(A)

Ans.
Sol.

3/ 4

(B)

(C)

3/ 2

2/ 3

is

(D)

4/ 3

[B]
If perfect rolling (solid cylinder P)
According to energy conservation law

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KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

1
1 v
mgh = mv 2P + I P
2
2 R

CAREER POINT

Here,
I moment of inertia, R Radius
I=

mR 2
2

vP
R

mgh =

1
1 mR 2 v 2P
mv 2P +
2
2 2 R2

mgh =

1
3
1 1
mv 2P 1 + = mv 2P
2
2
2 2

mgh =

3
mv 2P
4

v 2P =

4
gh
3

.... (1)

If sliding without friction

(solid cylinder Q)
According to energy conservation law
mgh =

1
mv Q2
2

v Q2 = 2gh

.... (2)

from equation (1) and (2)

v Q2
v 2P
vQ
vP

23.

3
2gh
=
2
4
gh
3

3
2

A body moves in a circular orbit of radius R under the action of a central force. Potential due to the central
force is given by V(r) = kr (k is a positive constant). Period of revolution of the body is proportional to(A) R1/2

Ans.

[A]

Sol.

F=

(B) R1/2

(C) R3/2

dU
d
=
[qV]
dr
dr

(D) R5/2

q constant

dV
F=q
dr
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KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

v = kr

dV
= k

dr

F = qk
m2R = qk
2

2
m R = qk
T
m ( 4 2 ) R
= qk
T2
2 R
R1/2

24.

A simple pendulum is attached to the block which slides without friction down an inclined plane (ABC)
having an angle of inclination as shown.

While the block is sliding down the pendulum oscillates in such a way that its mean position the direction of
the string is(A) at angle to the perpendicular to the inclined plane AC .
(B) parallel to the inclined plane AC.
(C) vertically downwards
(D) perpendicular to the inclined plane AC.

Ans.

[D]

Sol.

Block slides downward along the inclined plane with acceleration g sin .

mg sin
(pseudo force) C

T
mg

mg sin
2

mg sin

mg sincos
90
mg

At equilibrium
T = FNet

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KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

mg sincos

FNet
mg[1 sin2 ] mgcos2
tan =

mg cos 2
mg sin cos

tan = cot
tan = tan (90 )
= (90 )
string is perpendicular to inclined plane .

90

25.

Water containing air bubbles flows without turbulence through a horizontal pipe which has a region of
narrow cross-section. In this region the bubbles
(A) move with greater speed and are smaller than in the rest of the pipe
(B) move with greater speed and are larger in size than in the rest of the pipe
(C) move with lesser speed and are smaller than in the rest of the pipe
(D) move with lesser speed and are of the same size as in the rest of the pipe

Ans.

[B]

Sol.

According to Bernoulli theorem

In the region of narrow cross section of pipe, KE of fluid will be greater and pressure energy will be lesser.
less pressure results into larger in size of air bubble and greater KE results its greater speed.

26.

A solid expands upon heating because(A) the potential energy of interaction between atoms in the solid is asymmetric about the equilibrium
positions of atoms.
(B) the frequency of vibration of the atoms increases.
(C) the heating generates a thermal gradient between opposite sides.
(D) a fluid called the caloric flows into the interatomic spacing of the solid during heating thereby expanding
it.

Ans.

[A]

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27.

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

Consider two thermometers T1 and T2 of equal length which can be used to measure temperature over the
range 1 to 2. T1 contains mercury as the thermometric liquid while T2 contains bromine. The volumes of
the two liquids are the same at the temperature 1. The volumetric coefficients of expansion of mercury and
bromine are 18 105 K1 and 108 105 K1, respectively . The increase in length of each liquid is the same
for the same increase in temperature. If the diameters of the capillary tubes of the two thermometers are d1
and d2 respectively, then the ratio d1 : d2 would be closest to
(A) 6.0
(B) 2.5
(C) 0.6
(D) 0.4

Ans.
Sol.

[D]
Increase in length of each liquid is same
l = l
VHg
d12

VBro min e
d 22

(V ) Hg
d12

V Bro min e
d 22

Hg
d1
18 10 5
=
=
d
Bro min e
108 10 5
2

d1
=
d2

28.

1
~ 0.4
6

An ideal gas follows a process described by PV2 = C from (P1, V1, T1) to (P2, V2, T2) (C is a constant). Then
(A) if P1 > P2 then T2 > T1
(B) if V2 > V1 then T2 < T1
(C) if V2 > V1 then T2 > T1

Ans.
Sol.

[B]
PV2 = C

nRT 2
V = C

TV = C

T1V1 = T2V2

If temperature increases, volume decreases and vice versa

V2 > V1 then T2 < T1.

29.

A whistle emitting a loud sound of frequency 540 Hz is whirled in a horizontal circle of radius 2 m and at a
constant angular speed of 15 rad/s. The speed of sound is 330 m/s. The ratio of the highest to the lowest
frequency heard by a listener standing at rest at a large distance from the center of the circle is
(A) 1.0
(B) 1.1
(C) 1.2
(D) 1.4

Ans.

[C]

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CAREER POINT

Sol.

v2

O
r = 2m
(person)
A

v1

v1 and v2 are speed of whistle

| v1 | = | v2 | = r
= 15 2
= 30 m/s
Maximum frequency heard
Here,
f original frequency (540 Hz)
v speed of sound
vs speed of whistle
v
fmax = f

v vs
Minimum frequency heard
v
fmin = f

v + vs
f max v + v s
330 + 30 360
=
=
=
f min v v s
330 30 300
f max
6
=
= 1.2
f min
5

30.

Monochromatic light passes through a prism. Compared to that in air, inside the prism the light's
(A) speed and wavelength are different but frequency remains same.
(B) speed and frequency are different but wavelength remains same.
(C) wavelength and frequency are different, but speed remains same.
(D) speed, wavelength and frequency are all different.

Ans.
Sol.

[A]
On refraction of light, frequency remain unchanged. However speed and wavelength get change.

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KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

31.

The flat face of a plano-convex lens of focal length 10 cm is silvered. A point source placed 30 cm in front
of the curved surface will produce a
(A) real image 15 cm away from the lens
(B) real image 6 cm away from the lens
(C) virtual image 15 cm away from the lens
(D) virtual image 6 cm away from the lens

Ans.
Sol.

[B]

f = 10 cm
After silvering of flat face lens behave as mirror of focal length feq.

(1)

(2)
(3)

1
1
1 1
= +
+
f eq
f1 f 2 f 3

1
2
1
= +
f eq
f1 f 2

2
1
1
=
+
10

f eq
feq = 5

30 cm
mirror formula

1
1 1
= +
f
u v

1
1
1
=
+
5
30
v
v = 6 cm
Image is real and 6 cm away from silvered lens.
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CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

32.

Two identical metallic square loops L1 and L2 are placed next to each other with their sides parallel on a
smooth horizontal table. Loop L1 is fixed and a current which increases as a function of time is passed
through it. Then loop L2
(A) rotates about its center of mass
(B) moves towards L1.
(C) remains stationary
(D) moves away from L1

Ans.
Sol.

[D]
Fixed

L2

L1

When current through L1 increases then flux linked through L2 will increase.
According to lenz law L2 will move away.

33.

An electron enters a parallel plate capacitor with horizontal speed u and is fond to deflect by angle on
leaving the capacitor as shown. It is found that tan = 0.4 and gravity is negligible
r
u

++++++

If the initial horizontal speed is doubled, then tan will be

(A) 0.1

Ans.
Sol.

(B) 0.2

(C) 0.8

(D) 1.6

[A]

vy

vnet
v
x

r
u

E
l
Horizontal displacement = l
t=

l
u

vy = uy + at
=0+

l
eE

m
u

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vy =

CAREER POINT

l
eE

m
u

tan =
tan

vy

vx

eEl
eE l
1

=
m u
u
mu 2

1
u2

When speed u is doubled then tan will become

0.4
= 0.1
4

tan =

34.

Consider a spherical shell of radius R with a total charge +Q uniformly spread on its surface (center of the
shell lies at the origin x= 0). Two point charge, +q and q are brought, one after the other, from far away
and placed at x = a/2 and x = + a/2 (a < R), respectively. Magnitude of the work done in this process is
(A) (Q + q)2 /40a

Ans.
Sol.

1
th.
4

(C) q2 /40a

(B) zero

(D) Qq /40a

[C]

y
+

Q+

+
+

+
q

+q

+
+

+
+

+
+ + +

Q2
8 0 R

kQ(q)
q (q) kQ q
Q2
Q2
q2
+
+
+

R
R
8 0 R
4 0 a
8 0 R
4 0 a

(self energy of shell) (Interaction energy between various charges)

Work done = PEf PEi
=

q2
4 0 a

Magnitude of work done =

q2
4 0 a

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35.

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

Two identical parallel plate capacitors of capacitance C each are connected in series with a battery of emf, E
as shown. If one of the capacitors is now filled with a dielectric of dielectric constant k, the amount of charge
which will flow through the battery is (neglect internal resistance of the battery)
C
C

E
(A)

Ans.
Sol.

k +1
CE
2(k 1)

(B)

k 1
CE
2(k + 1)

(C)

k2
CE
k+2

(D)

k+2
CE
k2

[B]

E
Initial charge on both C =

CE
2

kC

E
kC
New charge on each C =
E
k +1
Change in charge on C is supplied by battery
CE
kC
Charge supply by battery =
E
2
+
k
1

1
k
CE

k
+
1
2

k 1
CE

2(k + 1)
Charge passes through battery is change supply by battery
k 1
Ans. CE

2(k + 1)

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KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

36.

A certain p-n junction, having a depletion region of width 20 m, was found to have a breakdown voltage of
100 V. If the width of the depletion region is reduced to 1 m during its production, then it can be used as a
Zener diode for voltage regulation of (A) 5 V
(B) 10 V
(C) 7.5 V
(D) 2000 V

Ans.
Sol.

[A]
Break down voltage is proportional to width of depletion region.
1
1
times then break down voltage also become
times thus it
When width reduce to 1 m thus become
20
20
become 5 volt. So Zener diode can used for voltage regulation of 5 volt.

37.

The half life of a particle of mass 1.6 1026 kg is 6.9 s and a stream of such particles is travelling with the
kinetic energy of a particle being 0.05 eV. The fraction of particles which will decay when they travel a
distance of 1 m is (A) 0.1
(B) 0.01
(C) 0.001
(D) 0.0001

Ans.

[D]

Sol.

KE =

1
mv2
2

0.05 1.6 1019 =

1
1.6 1026 v2
2

0.05 2 107 = v2
106 = v2
v = 1000 m/sec
time taken to travel a distance of 1 m is

1
1

= 0.001 sec
v
1000

T1/2 =
=

0.693

0.693
0.1
6.9

fraction of particle decay in 0.001 sec or

1 e
1 e

1
sec = 1 et
1000

1
0.1
1000

1
10000

0.0001

38.

A 160 watt light source is radiating light of wavelength 6200 uniformly in all directions. The photon flux
at a distance of 1.8 m is of the order of (Planck's constant 6.63 1034 J-s)
(A) 102 m2 s1
(B) 1012 m2 s1
(C) 1019 m2 s1
(D) 1025 m2 s1

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CAREER POINT

Ans.

[C]

Sol.

P
4(1.8) 2

160
4 (1.8) 2

Photon flux = Number of photon per unit area.

I
hc

I
hc

160 6200 10 10
4 (1.8) 2 6.63 10 34 3 108

1.22 1019

39.

The wavelength of the first Balmer line caused by a transition from the n = 3 level to the n = 2 level in
hydrogen is 1. The wavelength of the line caused by an electronic transition from n = 5 to n = 3 is (A)

375
1
128

Ans.

[B]

Sol.

1
1
1
=R 2 2
1
3
2

(B)

125
1
64

(C)

64
1
125

(D)

128
1
375

1
1 1
=R
1
4 9
1
5
=R
1
36

....(1)

1
1 1
=R
2
9 25
1
16
=R

2
9 25

....(2)

From (1) & (2)

5
16
2
=

1
36 9 25
2 =

5
9 25 125

=
1
36
16
64

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CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

40.

The binding energy per nucleon of 5B10 is 8.0 MeV and that of 5B11 is 7.5 MeV. The energy required to
remove a neutron from 5B11 is (mass of electron and proton are 9.11 1031 kg and 1.67 1027 kg,
respectively) (A) 2.5 MeV
(B) 8.0 MeV
(C) 0.5 MeV
(D) 7.5 MeV

Ans.
Sol.

[A]

neutron
5B

11

11

of 5 B
Breaking

energy given E1

5B

10

formation of 5B10 will release energy E2

E1 = Binding energy of 5B11 7.5 11 MeV
= 82.5 MeV
E2 = Binding energy of 5B10 = 8.0 10
= 80 MeV
Energy given = E1 E2
= 82.5 80
= 2.5 MeV

CHEMISTRY
41.

When 1.88 g of AgBr(s) is added to a 103 M aqueous solution of KBr, the concentration of Ag is 51010 M. If
the same amount of AgBr(s) is added to a 102 M aqueous solution of AgNO3, the concentration of Br is
(A) 9.4 109 M
(B) 5 1010 M
(C) 1 1011 M
(D) 5 1011 M

Ans.
Sol.

[D]
Ksp(AgBr) = [Ag+] [Br]
= (5 1010) (103)
= 5 1013
Now
5 1013 = (102) [Br]
[Br] = 5 1011 M

42.

Aniline reacts with excess Br2/H2O to give the major product

NH2
Br

NH2
Br

Br

Br

(B)

(A)

Ans.

Br

(C)
Br

Br

NH2

NH2

(D)
Br

Br

Br

Br
Br

[A]

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CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

Sol.
Highly activating
NH2

NH2

Br2/H2O
Bromination

Br

Br

Br
2,4,6-Tribromoaniline

43.

The metal with the highest oxidation state present in K2CrO4, NbCl5 and MnO2 is (A) Nb
(B) Mn
(C) K
(D) Cr

Ans.

[D]

Sol.

NbCl5 Nb+5
MnO2 Mn+4

44.

The number of geometrical isomers of [CrCl2(en)(NH3)2], where en = ethylenediamine, is (A) 2

(B) 3
(C) 4
(D) 1

Ans.
Sol.

[B]
Total 3 geometrical isomers are possible Cl
Cl

(1)
en

(2)

Cr

Cr

NH3

(3)

NH3

en

Cl

NH3

Cl
NH3
Trans

NH3
Cis
en

Cr
Cl

NH3
Cl
Trans

45.
Ans.
Sol.

The element that combines with oxygen to give an amphoteric oxide is (A) N
(B) P
(C) Al

(D) Na

[C]
Aluminium form amphoteric oxide with oxygen (Al2O3)

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46.

CAREER POINT

The Arrhenius plots of two reactions, I and II are shown graphically -

In k

I/T

Ans.
Sol.

47.

Ans.
Sol.

The graph suggests that (A) EI > EII and AI > AII
(C) EI > EII and AII > AI
[A]
For plot between In k v/s 1/T y-intercept is ln A
E a
& slope is
R
therefore; EII < EI and AI > AII

(B) EII > EI and AII > AI

(D) EII > EI and AI > AII

Ni(CO)4 is
(A) tetrahedral and paramagnetic
(B) square planar and diamagnetic
(C) tetrahedral and diamagnetic
(D) square planar and paramagnetic
[C]
Ni exist in zero oxidation state so its configuration is its configuration is 8
2
28Ni = [Ar] 3d 4s
3d8

4s2

4p0

4s
4p
sp3/Tetrahedral

48.

2. O H

the major product X iso

||
(A)

Ans.

o
||

(B)

(C) o

(D)

[A]

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CAREER POINT

Sol.
O

(i) Ozonolysis

O
OH
Intramolecular
aldol reaction
6
5
4

49.

O
1

O
H2O

2
3
CH3

OH

CH3

CHO
H
HO
H
H

OH
H
OH
OH
CH2OH

The structure of L-()-glucose is

CHO

HO
HO
(A)
H
H

H
H
OH
OH

HO
H
(B)
HO
HO

CH2OH
Ans.
Sol.

CHO

CHO

H
OH
H
H

H
HO
(C)
H
HO

CH2OH

OH
H
OH
H
CH2OH

CHO
HO
H
(D)
HO
H

H
OH
H
OH
CH2OH

[B]
CHO
H
HO
H
H

CHO
OH
H
OH
OH

HO
H
HO
HO

H
OH
H
H

CH2OH

CH2OH

D(+) Glucose

L() Glucose
Enantiomer

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50.

Ans.
Sol.

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

In a cubic close packed structure, fractional contributions of an atom at the corner and at the face in the unit
cell are, respectively (A) 1/8 and 1/2
(B) 1/2 and 1/4
(C) 1/4 and 1/2
(D) 1/4 and 1/8
[A]
1
Corner
8
1
Face

51.

Ans.

[A]

Sol.

CAREER POINT

B+C is 0.5 at 25C and 1 atm. The reaction will

proceed in the backward direction when concentrations [A], [B] and [C] are, respectively (B) 101, 102 and 102 M
(A) 103, 102 and 102 M
(C) 102, 102 and 103 M
(D) 102, 103 and 103 M
Q=

[B][C]
& KC = 0.5
[A 2 ]

Q=

(10 2 ) (10 2 )
= 100
[10 3 ]2

& Q > KC i.e. reaction proceed in backward direction.

52.

Major products formed in the reaction of t-butyl methyl ether with HI are (A) H3C I and
(C) H3C OH and

OH

(B)

(D)

and H3C OH

and H3C OH
I

Ans.
Sol.

[C]

CH 3
CH 3
|
|
HI
CH 3 C O CH 3
CH 3 C I + CH 3OH
SN1
|
|
CH 3
CH 3
If one of the alkyl group is 3. Then mechanism is SN1 and nucleophile attach to the carbon where
carbocation more stable.
53.

Ans.

If the molar conductivities (in S cm2 mol1) of NaCl, KCl and NaOH at infinite dilution are 126, 150 and 250
respectively, the molar conductivity of KOH (in S cm2 mol1) is (A) 526
(B) 226
(C) 26
(D) 274
[D]

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CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

Sol.

126 = Na + + Cl
150 = K + + Cl
250 = Na + + OH
(150 + 250 126) = K + + OH
KOH = 274

or

54.

4-Formylbenzoic acid on treatment with one equivalent of hydrazine followed by heating with alcoholic
KOH gives the major product O

NNH2

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

NHNH2

Ans.
Sol.

OK

H2NN

OK

[B]

COOH

COOH

COOH
NH2NH2

CHO

AlC.KOH

CH=NNH2

CH3

C=O

55.

Ans.
Sol.

in

CH2 Group But do not reduce COOH group.

Two elements, X and Y, have atomic numbers 33 and 17, respectively. The molecular formula of a stable
compound formed between them is (A) XY
(B) XY2
(C) XY3
(D) XY4
[C]
Atomic no. 33 and 17 belongs to 15th & 17th group respectively therefore co-valent bond form between both
elements
X+3

Y1 Atomic no. 33 = As
XY3

Atomic no. 17 = Cl

AsCl3

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CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

56.

The number of moles of KMnO4 required to oxidize one equivalent of KI in the presence of sulfuric acid is (A) 5
(B) 2
(C) 1/2
(D) 1/5

Ans.

[D]

Sol.

v.f = 5

v.f = 1

(eq) KMnO4 = (eq) KI = 1

Eq. = V.F. mole
1 = 5 mole
Mole = 1/5

57.

Three successive measurements in an experiment gave the values 10.9, 11.4042 and 11.42. The correct way
of reporting the average value is (A) 11.2080

(B) 11.21

(C) 11.2

(D) 11

Ans.

[C]

Sol.

The correct way of reporting the average value should have exactly the same number of digit after decimal
which has least digit after decimal among the data given.

58.

The latent heat of melting of ice at 0 C is 6 kJ mol1. The entropy change during the melting in J K1 mol1
is closest to (A) 22

Ans.

[A]

Sol.

S =

(B) 11

H Melting
TF.P

(C) 11

(D) 22

6 1000 J
273
K

= 21.978 22J/k
59.

Cu,

The major product of the following reaction

is

(A)

(B)
I
I

(C)

(D)

I
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Ans.
Sol.

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

[A]
Cu,
I
This is example of
Ulman reaction which
gives product like Wurtz
reaction.

60.

The energies of dxy and d 2z orbitals in octahedral and tetrahedral transition metal complexes are such that (A) E (dxy) > E ( d 2z ) in both tetrahedral and octahedral complexes
(B) E (dxy) < E ( d 2z ) in both tetrahedral and octahedral complexes
(C) E (dxy) > E ( d 2z ) in tetrahedral but E (dxy) < E ( d 2z ) in octahedral complexes
(D) E (dxy) < E ( d 2z ) in tetrahedral but E (dxy) > E ( d 2z ) in octahedral complexes

Ans.

[C]

Sol.

Energy of d z 2 is greater than dxy in case of octahedral crystal field while energy of d z 2 is less than dxy in
case of tetrahedral splitting
d x 2 y2 d z2
eg
3/5 0

Average energy
of the d-orbital in
spherical crystal field

2/5 0

t2 g
dxy dyz dzx
[Spliting in octahedral crystal field]
t2 g
2/5 t
Average energy
of the d-orbital in
spherical crystal field

3/5 t
eg

[Spliting in tetrahedral crystal field]

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KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

BIOLOGY
61.

In which of the following types of glands is the secretion collected inside the cell and discharged by
disintegration of the entire gland ?
(A) Apocrine
(B) Merocrine
(C) Holocrine
(D) Epicrine

Ans.
Sol.

[C]
Holocrine gland distingrate completely for discharge of secretion.

62.

Which one of the following interactions doest NOT promote coevolution ?

(A) Commensalism
(B) Mutualism
(C) Parasitism
(D) Interspecific competition

Ans.
Sol.

[D]
Interspecific competition doesn't lead to co-evolution

63.

Stratification is more common in which of the following ?

(A) Deciduous forest
(B) Tropical rain forest (C) Temperate forest

Ans.
Sol.

[B]
Tropical rain forest shows vertical zonation i.e. stratification.

64.

(A) Cerebrum
(B) Cerebellum
(C) Pons varoli

(D) Tropical savannah

(D) Diencephalon

Ans.
Sol.

[D]
Cavity of Diancephelon is called as diocoel or third ventricle.

65.

Which of the following is the final product of a gene ?

(A) a polypeptide only
(B) an RNA only
(C) either polypeptide or RNA
(D) a nucleotide only

Ans.
Sol.

[C]
Gene is a segment of genetic material which produces either polypeptide or a RNA [rRNA or tRNA]

66.

Forelimbs of whales, bats, humans and cheetah are examples of which of the following processes ?
(A) Divergent evolution
(B) Convergent evolution
(D) Saltation

Ans.
Sol.

[A]
Fore limbs of whale, bat, human & cheetah are homologous organ which represents divergent evolution.

67.

Which of the following results from conjugation in Paramecium ?

(A) Cell death
(B) Cell division
(C) Budding

Ans.
Sol.

(D) Recombination

[D]
Conjugation in paramecium results in recombination

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68.

Ans.
Sol.
69.
Ans.
Sol.
70.
Ans.
Sol.
71.
Ans.
Sol.
72.

Ans.
Sol.
73.
Ans.
Sol.
74.

Ans.
Sol.
75.
Ans.
Sol.

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

In an experiment investigating photoperiodic response, the leaves of a plant are removed. What is the most
likely outcome ?
(A) Photoperiodism is not affected
(B) Photoperiodic response does not occur
(C) The plant starts flowering
(D) The plant starts to grow taller
[B]
Leaves are the site for photoperiodic perception.
Testosterone is secreted by which endocrine part of testis ?
(A) Leydig cells
(B) Seminiferous tubules (C) Tunica albugenia
[A]
Leydig cells or Interstitial cells of testes secretes testosteron hormone.

The mutation of a purine to a pyrimidine is known as

(A) transition
(B) frame shift
(C) nonsense
(D) transversion
[D]
Mutation of purine to purimidine is known as transversion. 8 possible transversion can occurs.
Which of the following is secreted at the ends of an axon ?
(A) Ascorbic acid
(B) Acetic acid
(C) Acetyl choline
[C]
Synaptic bulbs of axon have vesicles which are filled with acetylcholine.

A bacterial colony is produced from

(A) a single bacterium by its repetitive division
(B) multiple bacterium without replication
(C) clumping of two to three bacteria
(D) a single bacterium without cell division
[A]
A bacterial colony on culture media is formed on repetitive division of bacterium.
Rhinoviruses are the causative agents of
(A) Diarrhoea
(B) AIDS
(C) Dengue
(D) Common cold
[D]
Rhinovirus are the primary cause of common cold.
What is the genetic material of Ebola virus ?
(A) Single-stranded DNA
(B) Double-stranded RNA
(C) Single-stranded RNA
(D) Double-stranded DNA
[C]
Ebola virus consist of ss RNA.
Name the terminal acceptor of electrons in the mitochondrial electron transport chain
(A) Nitrate
(B) Fumarate
(C) Succinate
(D) Oxygen
[D]
Oxygen is the terminal acceptor of electrons in mitochondrial ETS.

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76.

Ans.
Sol.

77.

Ans.
Sol.

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

Two tubes labelled 'P' and 'Q' contain food stuff. Tube 'P' gave positive test with Benedict's solution while
tube 'Q' gave positive test with Nitric acid. Which of the following is correct ?
(A) Tube 'P' contains sugar; tube 'Q' contains protein
(B) Tube 'P' contains protein; tube 'Q' contains sugar
(C) Both, tube 'P' and tube 'Q' contain sugar
(D) Both, tube 'P' and tube 'Q' contain protein
[A]
Nitric acid reacts with proteins to form yellow nitrated products.
Benedict test is used to test the presence of monosaccharide and reducing sugar.
How many linear DNA fragments will be produced when a circular plasmid is digested with a restriction
enzyme having 3 sites ?
(A) 4
(B) 5
(C) 3
(D) 2
[C]

1
restriction enzyme site
fragments of linear DNA
3

Plasmid
78.

Ans.
Sol.

79.
Ans.
Sol.

80.

Ans.
Sol.

If the humidity of the atmosphere suddenly increases substantially, the water flow in the xylem will (A) increase
(B) decrease
(C) remain unaltered
(D) increase sharply and then reduce slowly to the preexisting level
[B]
Humidity of atmosphere is inversely proportional to transpiration (water flow). Increase in humidity will
decrease the water flow in the xylem.
Which one of the following is the complementary sequence for the DNA with 5-CGTACTA-3
(A) 5-TAGTACG-3
(B) 5-ATCATGC-3
(C) 5-UTCUTGC-3
(D) 5-GCUAGCA-3
[A]
Double stranded DNA has antiparalllel strands and complementary N-bases
so, 5 CGTACTA 3
3 GCATGAT 5

A diploid plant has 14 chromosomes, but its egg cell has 6 chromosomes. which one of the following is the
most likely explanation of this ?
(A) Non-disjunction in meiosis I and II
(B) Non-disjunction in meiosis I
(C) Non-disjunction in mitosis
(D) Normal meiosis
[B]
Egg cell is formed by meiosis. Less number of chromosome indicates non-disjunction in meiosis I.

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CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

Part II
Two - Mark Questions
MATHEMATICS
81.

Ans.
Sol.

Let n 3 be an integer. For a permutation = (a1, a2, ., an) of (1, 2, ., n) we let

f(x) = anxn1 + an1xn2 + ..+ a2x + a1. Let S be the sum of the roots of f(x) = 0 and let S denote the sum
over all permutations of (1, 2, .., n) of the numbers S. Then (A) S < n!
(B) n! < S < 0
(C) 0 < S < n!
(D) n! < S
[B]

a n a n 1
a1
+
+ ....... +
S =

a1
a n 1
an
= a1 + a2 + ....... + an

1
1
1
S = (a 1 + a 2 + .... + a n ) +
+ .... +
an

a1 a 2

1
1
1
S = n (a 1 + a 2 + ... + a n ) +
+ .... +
an
a1 a 2
from A.M. H.M.

1
1
1
n 2
(a 1 + a 2 + .... + a n ) +
+ .... +
an
a1 a 2
S n (n 1)

82.

If n is a positive integer and 1 is a cube root of unity, the number of possible values of
n

nk k

e k =0

Ans.

(A) 2
[C]
n

Sol.

(B) 3

(C) 4

(D) 6

C k k = nC0 + nC1 +..+ nCnn

k =0

= (1 + )n = (2)n
= (1)n 2n

= e

e ( 1)

2 n

= e (

4
4

cos i sin
3
3

2 n

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=

cos

n
n
+ i sin
3
3

cos

n
3

CAREER POINT

= {e1, e1/2, e1/2, e1}

Four values.

83.

Suppose a parabola y = ax2 + bx + c has two x intercepts, one positive and one negative, and its vertex is
(2, 2). Then which of the following is true?
(A) ab > 0
(B) bc > 0
(C) ca > 0
(D) a + b + c > 0

Ans.
Sol.

[B]
The graph according to the question is

2
x

(0, c)
2

c<0
a>0
b
>0 b>0 b<0
a

f(1) < 0 a + b + c < 0

ab < 0
ac < 0
bc > 0

84.

Let n 3 and let C1, C2, .., Cn, be circles with radii r1, r2, .., rn, respectively. Assume that Ci and Ci+1
touch externally for 1 i n 1. It is also given that the x-axis and the line y = 2 2 x + 10 are tangential to
each of the circles. Then r1, r2, .., rn are in (A) an arithmetic progression with common difference 3 + 2
(B) a geometric progression with common ratio 3 + 2
(C) an arithmetic progression with common difference 2 + 3
(D) a geometric progression with common ratio 2 + 3

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Ans.
Sol.

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

[D]

y
tan = 2 2
(0, 10)

r3

r2
r1

/2
y

O
5

,0
2
tan =

2 tan / 2
1 tan 2 / 2

2 2=

2 tan / 2
1 tan 2 / 2

2 tan2 /2 + tan 2 = 0
tan /2 =

1 3

1 1+ 8

2 2
1

2 2

or 2

2
3

tan /2 =

r1
ON

In OMN sin /2 =
ON =

sin /2 =

1
3

3r1

In OPQ sin /2 =
3r1 + r1 + r2 =

r2
ON + r1 + r2

r2
3r1 + r1 + r2

3r2

r1 ( 3 +1) = r2 ( 3 1)
r2
3 +1
=
r1
3 1
=

( 3 + 1) 2
=2+ 3
2

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85.
Ans.
Sol.

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

The number of integers n for which 3x3 25x + n = 0 has three real roots is (A) 1
(B) 25
(C) 55
(D) infinite
[C]
x(3x2 25) = n
25

3x x 2 = n
3

25
25
= n
3x x
x+

3
3

250
9

y = n
x

25

25
3

250

0,
9

250 250
n
,

9
9
But n I
Total integer = 55

86.

An ellipse inscribed in a semi-circle touches the circular arc at two distinct points and also touches the
bounding diameter. Its major axis is parallel to the bounding diameter. When the ellipse has the maximum
possible area, its eccentricity is (A)

(B)

Ans.
Sol.

1
2

(C)

1
3

(D)

2
3

[D]

x
(0, b)

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KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

x2
y2
+
=1
a2
b2
and circle x2 + (y + b)2 = r2

CAREER POINT

Let ellipse

2 2

put x2 = a2

a y
b2

in circle a2

a 2 y2
+ (y + b)2 = r2
b2

a2
1 2 y2 + 2by + (a2 + b2 r2) = 0
b

D = 0 r2 =

a4
a b2

b = a 1

a2
r2

Area = = ab = a2 1

a2
r2

2r 2
2
d
= 0 a2 =
a=
r
3
da
3
b = a 1

a
2
2
e=
=
3
3
3

/2

87.

Let In =

cos x dx , where n is a non-negative integer.

I n 2

In

n! + (n 2)! equals -

Then

n =2

(A) e/2 1

Ans.

[A]

Sol.

In =

/ 2

(B) e/2 1

(C) e/2

(D) e/2

x n cos x dx
I

= x n sin x

/ 2
0

II

/ 2

n x n 1 sin x dx

= 0 n x n 1 ( cos x )
2
n

= 0 n(n 1)
2

/ 2

/2
0

/ 2

n (n 1) x n 2 ( cos x ) dx

x n 2 cos x dx

In = n(n 1)In2
2
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CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

n (n 1)I

n2

In
2
In 2
In 2
=
+
+
n ! (n 2)! n =2
n!
(n 2)!
n =2

n 1

2 n !
n =2

1 1 1
=
+
+
+ ....
2 2! 2 3! 2 4!

= e/2 1
2
88.

For a real number x let [x] denote the largest integer less than or equal to x. The smallest positive integer n
n

for which the integral [ x ][ x ]dx exceeds 60 is 1

Ans.

(A) 8
[B]

Sol.

Let I =

(B) 9

(D) [602/3]

(C) 10

[ x ][

x ] dx

[ x ]= 1
[ x ]= 2
[ x ]= 3

1x<4
4x<9
9 x < 16
Now,
2

10

11

I = dx + 2dx + 3dx + 8dx + 10dx + 12dx + 14dx + 16dx + 27dx + 30dx .....
1

10

I = 1 + 2 + 3 + 8 + 10 + 12 + 14 + 16 = 66
So n = 9
89.

Ans.
Sol.
90.

Ans.

Choose a number n uniformly at random from the set {1, 2, .., 100}. Choose one of the first seven days of
the year 2014 at random and consider n consecutive days starting from the chosen day. What is the
probability that among the chosen n days, the number of Sundays is different from the number of Mondays?
1
2
12
43
(B)
(C)
(D)
(A)
2
7
49
175
[*]

Let S = {(a, b)|a, b Z, 0 a, b 18}. The number of lines in R2 passing through (0, 0) and exactly one
other point in S is (A) 16
(B) 22
(C) 28
(D) 32
[*]

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KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

PHYSICS
91.

Ans.
Sol.

A solid sphere spinning about a horizontal axis with an angular velocity is placed on a horizontal surface.
Subsequently it rolls without slipping with an angular velocity of (A) 2/5
(B) 7/5
(C) 2/7
(D)
[C]
Initial sphere is slipping and finally it start rolling. During its motion about point of contact is zero.
Angular momentum of sphere about point of contact remain conserved.

Slipping

v = R

Rolling

I = (I + MR )
2

2
MR2 =
5
=

92.

2
2
2
MR + MR
5

2
7

Consider the system shown below.

A horizontal force F is applied to a block X of mass 8 kg such that the block Y of mass 2 kg adjacent to it
does not slip downwards under gravity. There is no friction between the horizontal plane and the base of the
block X. The coefficient of friction between the surfaces of blocks X and Y is 0.5. Take acceleration due to
gravity to be 10 ms2. The minimum value of F is
(A) 200 N
(B) 160 N
(C) 40 N
(D) 240 N
Ans.

[A]

Sol.

According to free body diagram

a
f = N

N'

Y
2g

8g
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F N = 8a

.(1)

N=2a

.(2)

f = 2g = 20

.(3)

CAREER POINT

N = 20

20
20
= 40
=

0.5

N=

.(4)

N = 2a

N
40
=
= 20 m/s2
2
2

a=

.(5)

F = N + 8a = 10 a [from equation (1)]

F = 10 20 = 200 newton

93.

The maximum value attained by the tension in the string of a swinging pendulum is four times the minimum
value it attains. There is no slack in the string. The angular amplitude of the pendulum is
(A) 90

Ans.

(B) 60

(C) 45

(D) 30

[B]

Sol.

T2
T1

v=0

mg cos

mg

mg

Centripetal force at point A :

T1 mg =

mv 2
l

.(1)

At point B :
T2 = mg cos

.(2)

According to question
T1 = 4T2
mg +

.(3)

mv 2
= 4 mg cos
l

[from equation (1) & (2)]

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mg (4 cos 1) =

CAREER POINT

mv 2
l

.(4)

According to conservation of energy between point A and B

Also

1
mv2 + 0 = 0 + mgl (1 cos )
2

mv 2
= 2 mg (1 cos )
l

.(5)

From equation (4) & (5)

mg (4 cos 1) = 2 mg (1 cos )
4 cos 1 = 2 2 cos
6 cos = 3
cos =

1
2

= 60
94.

One mole of a monoatomic ideal gas is expanded by a process described by PV3 = C where C is a constant.
The heat capacity of the gas during the process is given by (R is the gas constant).
(A) 2 R

Ans.
Sol.

(B)

5
R
2

(C)

3
R
2

(D) R

[D]
Monoatomic gas

5
3

n=1
PV3 = C

on comparing with PV = C

Here = 3
Heat capacity
C=

C=

R
R

1 1
R
R

( 2)
2

3

3 1
C=R
2 2

C=R
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95.

Ans.
Sol.

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

A concave mirror of radius of curvature R has a circular outline of radius r. A circular disc is to be placed
normal to the axis at the focus so that it collects all the light that is reflected from the mirror from a beam
parallel to the axis. For r << R, the area of this disc has to be at least
r 6
r 4
r 5
r 4
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
4R 4
4R 2
4R 3
R2
[A]
A

d G
d

R
2 cos

R/2

A = d2
From similar triangle
R
R
r
2 cos
=
R
R
d
R

2
2 cos
r
2 cos 1
=
d
cos + 1
cos + 1
d=
.r
2 cos 1
sin =

r
cos =
R

R2 r2
R

1/ 2

r2
cos = 1 2
R
1 r2
cos = 1
2 R2
r2
1 cos =
2R 2
r2 r
d=

r2
1
2R 2 21
2
2R
r3
r3
=
d=

2R 2
r2
2R 2 1

2
2R
r 6
A = d2 =
4R 4
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96.

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

The angles of incidence and refraction of a monochromatic ray of light of wavelength at an air-glass
interface are i and r, respectively. A parallel beam of light with a small spread in wavelength about a
mean wavelength is refracted at the same air-glass interface. The refractive index of glass depends on the
wavelength as () = a + b/2 where a and b are constants. Then the angular spread in the angle of
refraction of the beam is
(A)

sin i

3
cos r

Ans.

[C]

Sol.

Snell law

(B)

2b

(C)

2b tan r

a3 + b

(D)

2b(a + b / 2 ) sin i

sin i = sin r
b

sin i = a + 2 sin r

b

0 = cos r dr a + 2 + sin r 3 (2) d

a2 + b
2b
+ sin r
0 = cos r dr
d
2
3

d 2b sin r
= cos r dr (a2 + b)

97.

dr =

2b d tan r
(a2 + b)

r =

(2b tan r )
(a3 + b)

What are the charges stored in the 1 F and 2 F capacitors in the circuit below, once the currents become

4 k
1 k

1F

2 k
4 k

2F

6V
(A) 8 C and 4 C respectively

(D) 6 C and 3 C respectively

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Ans.
Sol.

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

[B]

4 k
1 k
i

2 k
4 k

1F
i
2F

i
6V
At steady state current does not flow in the branch of capacitor.
we can replace all resistor connected in branch of capacitor with wire
new circuit is
1F
Q Q
1 k

2 k

2F
q q
i

6V

6
(2 + 1) 103
2 mA
Potential drop across 2k is same as potential drop across 1 F & 2 F.
Potential drop across 2 k = i 2 103 = 2 103 2 103 = 4 volt.
Charge on 1F = Q = 1 4 106 = 4 C
Charge on 2F = q = 2 4 106 = 8 C
i=

98.

Ans.
Sol.

A 1.5 kW (kilo-watt) laser beam of wavelength 6400 is used to levitate a thin aluminium disc of same area
as the cross section of the beam. The laser light is reflected by the aluminium disc without any absorption.
The mass of the foil is close to
(B) 103 kg
(C) 104 kg
(D) 106 kg
(A) 109 kg
[D]
Power of light = P

Laser beam

mg
Force acting on Al disc =

2P
C

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KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

2 1.5 103
3.0 108

= 105
Force acting on Al disc = mg
105 = m 10
m = 106 kg
99.

When ultraviolet radiation of a certain frequency falls on a potassium target, the photoelectrons released can
be stopped completely by a retarding potential of 0.6 V. If the frequency of the radiation is increased by 10%,
this stopping potential rises to 0.9 V. The work function of potassium is
(A) 2.0 eV

Ans.

[B]

Sol.

KEmax= e Vretarding

(B) 2.4 eV

(C) 3.0 eV

(D) 2.8 eV

= e 0.6
= 0.6 eV
Photon energy = hf = E
When frequency increase by 10% energy of photon also increases by 10%
New energy = E' = 1.1 E
New KEmax. = e Vretarding = e 0.9 = 0.9 eV
Einstein photoelectric equation
hf = KEmax +
E = 0.6 +

(1)

1.1 E = 0.9 +

(2)

1.1 =

0.9 +
0.6 +

1.1 + 0.66 = 0.9 +

0.1 = 0.24
= 2.4 eV
100.

The dimensions of Stefan-Boltzmann constant can be written in terms of Planck's constant h, Boltzmann
constant kB and the speed of light c as = h kB c. Here
(A) = 3, = 4 and = 3
(B) = 3, = 4 and = 2
(C) = 3, = 4 and = 2
(D) = 2, = 3 and = 1

Ans.

[C]

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Sol.

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

= h kB c
Steffan boltzmann constant
h Plancks constant
kB Boltzmann constant
c speed of sight
According to stefans law
Q
= T4
At
=

1
Q

At T 4
[] =

[M1L2 T 2 ]
= [M1T3K4]
2
4
[L ][T][K ]

& E = h
h=

E
[M1L2 T 2 ]
[h] =

[T 1 ]

[h] = [M1L2T1]
[c] = [LT1]
E=

3
kBT
2

[kB] =

[M1L2 T 2 ]
[K ]

[kB] = [M1L2T2K1]
According to homogeneity principle of dimension
[M1T3K4] = [M1L2T1] [M1L2T2K1] [L1T1]
on comparing powers00000000 of M, L, T, K on both sides
+=1

.(1)

2 + 2 + = 0

.(2)

2 = 3

.(3)

=4

.(4)

=4
=3
Putting values is equation (2)
2 ( 3) + 2 (4) + = 0
=2
Ans :

=3
=4
=2
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CAREER POINT

CHEMISTRY
101.

In the reaction sequence

NH2
. ( CH 3CO ) 2 O , pyridine
conc. NaOH
1
X Aqueous

Y
2. Br2 / CH 3CO 2 H

X and Y are, respectively,

O

NH

O
NH2

NH
Br

(A)

NH2
Br

(B)

,
Br

Br

Br

Br

NH2 O

NH2 O

Ans.
Sol.

(D)

,
Br

O
NH

Br
(C)

Br

Br
,

NH
Br

HO

OH

OH

[A]
O
NH2

NHCCH3
(i) (CH3CO)2O, Pyridine
Acetylation
Br2/CH3COOH
Bromination
O
NH2

NHCCH3
Aq. Conc. NaOH

CH3COOH+
Br
Y

Hydrolysis
Deacetylation

Br
X

102.

The density of acetic acid vapour at 300 K and 1 atm is 5 mg cm3. The number of acetic acid molecules in
the cluster that is formed in the gas phase is closest to
(A) 5
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4

Ans.

[B]

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Sol.

CAREER POINT

PM = RT
5 0.0821 300
M=
= 123.15
1

103.

Ans.
Sol.

123.15
2
60

The molar enthalpy change for H2O(l)

H2O(g) at 373 K and 1 atm is 41 kJ/mol. Assuming ideal
behaviour, the internal energy change for vaporization of 1 mol of water at 373 K and 1 atm in kJ mol1 is :
(A) 30.2
(B) 41.0
(C) 48.1
(D) 37.9
[D]
W = nRT = (1 8.314 103 373)kJ
= 3.10 kJ
q = H = 41 kJ
& E = q + w = (41 3.1) 37.9 kJ

104.

2HI and N2 + 3H2

2NH3 are 50 and 1000,
The equilibrium constant (Kc) of two reactions H2 + I2
2NH3 + 3I2 is closest to :
respectively. The equilibrium constant of the reaction N2 + 6HI
(A) 50000
(B) 20
(C) 0.008
(D) 0.005

Ans.
Sol.

[C]
2 HI ;
Kc = 50
H2 + I2
2 NH3 ;
N2 + 3H2
Kc = 1000

1000
N2 + 6HI
2NH3 + 3I2 ;
Kc =
(50) 3
Kc = 0.008

105.

Given that the bond energies of : NN is 946 kJ mol1, HH is 435 kJ mol1, NN is 159 kJ mol1, and NH
is 389 kJ mol1, the heat of formation of hydrazine in the gas phase in kJ mol1 is :
(A) 833
(B) 101
(C) 334
(D) 1268

Ans.
Sol.

[B]
N2 + 2H2 1 N2H4
; Hf
Hf = 1 E N N + 2 E H H 4 E N H 1 E N N
= [(1 946) + ( 2 435) 4 (389) 1 (159)] kJ
= 101 kJ/mol

106.

The radius of K+ is 133 pm and that of Cl is 181 pm. The volume of the unit cell of KCl expressed in
1022 cm3 is :
(A) 0.31

Ans.

(B) 1.21

(C) 2.48

(D) 6.28

[C]

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Sol.

rK + + rCl =

a
2

133 + 181 =

a
2

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

a = 2 (133 + 181)
a = 628 pm
or

a = 628 1010 cm

and
volume = a3 = (6.28 108)3 cm3
= 2.4767 1022 cm3
2.48 1022 cm3

107.

The reaction, K2Cr2O7 + m FeSO4 + n H2SO4 Cr2(SO4)3 + p Fe2(SO4)3 + K2SO4 + q H2O when balanced,
m, n, p and q are, respectively :
(A) 6, 14, 3, 14

(B) 6, 7, 3, 7

(C) 3, 7, 2, 7

(D) 4, 14, 2, 14

Ans.

[B]

Sol.

1 K 2 Cr2 O 7 + 6 FeSO 4 + 7H2SO4 1 Cr2 (SO 4 ) 3 + 3 Fe 2 (SO 4 ) 3 + 1K2SO4 + 7H2O

( +6)

( +2 )

( +3)

( +3)

(3 2) = 6 (1 1) = 1
i.e. answer is m = 6, n = 7, p = 3, q = 7
108.

The standard free energy change (in J) for the reaction 3Fe2+ (aq) + 2Cr(s) = 2Cr3+(aq) + 3Fe(s) given
E 0Fe 2+ / Fe = 0.44 V and E 0Cr 3+ / Cr = 0.74 V is (F = 96500 C)
(A) 57,900

(B) 57,900

Ans.

[C]

Sol.

3 F2+ + 2 Cr
2Cr3+ + 3Fe

(C) 173,700

E ocell = ( 0.44) + (0.74) = 0.3 volt

n=6
G = nFE = (6 96500 0.3) J
= 173,700 J

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109.

CAREER POINT

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

Calcium butanoate on heating followed by treatment with 1,2-ethanediol in the presence of catalytic amount
of an acid, produces a major product which is :

(A)

HO
(C)

OH
(D)

OH

HO

Ans.

OH

HO

(B)

[A]

(CH3CH2CH2COO)2 Ca

CH3CH2CH2CCH2CH2CH3
||
O

Sol.

HOCH2
H2O

HOCH2

CH3CH2CH2CCH2CH2CH3
O

110.

Ans.

XeF6 on complete hydrolysis yields X. The molecular formula of X and its geometry, respectively, are :
(A) XeO2 and linear

(D) XeO4 and tetrahedral

[C]
O

Xe

O sp3/Pyramidal geometry

XeF6 + 3HOH 6HF + XeO3

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KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

BIOLOGY
111.

Following the cell cycle scheme given below, what is the probability that a cell would be in M-phase at any
given time ?
G1-phase
M-phase
4 hrs
2 hrs

6 hrs

G2-phase

12 hrs
S-phase

Ans.
Sol.

(A) 1/24
(B) 1/12
[B]
Total time for cell cycle = 24 hrs.
Time for M-phase = 2 hrs

(C) 1/6

So, probability of cell in M-phase at any given time is

112.

(D) 1/2

2
1

24
12

A flower with Tt genotype is cross-pollinated by TT pollens. What will the genotypes of the resulting
endosperm and embryo, respectively, be ?
(A) TTT, (TT + Tt)

Ans.

[A]

Sol.

(C) TTt, Tt

14
4244
3
female

So,

TTT

Embryo Egg cell + 1 male nuclei

1
424
3
female

So, either TT or Tt
113.

A new life form discovered on a distant planet has a genetic code consisting of five unique nucleotides and
only one stop codon. If each codon has four bases, what is the maximum number of unique amino acids this
life form can use ?
(A) 624
(B) 20
(C) 124
(D) 3124

Ans.
Sol.

[A]
No. of unique nucleotide = 5
No. of bases in codon = 4

so, total combinations 54 625

No. of stop codons = 1
so, unique amino acids (maximum) = 625 1 624
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114.

Ans.
Sol.

115.

Ans.
Sol.

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

A spontaneous mutation results in a couple having only female progeny. When the daughter marries and has
children, none of them are males. However, in the third generation there are few male offspring. What is the
most likely explanation of this observation (A) The mutation reverses spontaneously in the third generation
(B) The mutation occurs on the X chromosome and is both recessive and lethal
(C) The mutation occurs on the X chromosome and is both recessive and dominant
(D) The mutation occurs on an autosome and is dominant
[B]
The mutation that occurred is on x-chromosome and is both recessive and lethal since, female is carrier it
survives but due to hemizygous condition male is unable to survive.
XXm carrier (survives)
XmY dies
While in third generation, the possibility of male child occurs.
A circular plasmid of 10,000 base pairs (bp) is digested with two restriction enzymes, A and B, to produce a
3000 bp and a 2000 bp bands when visualized on an agarose gel. When digested with one enzyme at a time,
only one band is visible at 5000 bp. If the first site for enzyme A (A1) is present at the 100th base, the order
in which the remaining sites (A2, B1 and B2) are present is (A) 3100, 5100, 8100
(B) 8100, 3100, 5100
(C) 5100, 3100, 8100
(D) 8100, 5100,. 3100
[C]
A1

3000 bp

2000 bp start
100

3100

B2

8100
5100

3000 bp

B1

A2

Question asks the position in A2 B1 B2

so, 5100, 3100, 8100
116.

After meiosis-II, daughter cells differ from the parent cells and each other in their genotypes. This can occur
because of which one of the following mechanism(s) ?
(A) Only synaptic crossing over
(B) Only crossing over and independent assortment of chromosomes
(C) Only crossing over and chromosomal segregation
(D) Crossing over, independent assortment and segregation of chromosomes

Ans.
Sol.

[D]
After meiosis-II, daughter cells differ from the parent cells and each other in their genotypes due to Crossing
over, independent assortment and segregation of chromosomes

(9865524620)Latur(9764866000)Patna(06122521030)Pilani(9672977414)Kapurthala(9888009053)Sikar01572248118)Sriganganagar(01542474748)

StudyCenter&CPLiveCenter:Amravati(9850436423)Bilaspur(9893056085)Gorakpur(8593002019)Guwahati(9854000131)Jammu(9419193541)
Jamshedpur(9234630143)Lucknow(9452117759)Ranchi:(06513248049)

55 / 57

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

117.

A desert lizard (an ectotherm) and a mouse (an endotherm) are placed inside a chamber at 15 C and their
body temperature [T(L) for the lizard and T(M) for the mouse] and metabolic rates [M(L) for the lizard and
M(M) for the mouse] are monitored. Which one of the following is correct (A)T(L) and M(L) will fall while T(M) and M(M) will increase
(B) T(L) and M(L) will increase while T(M) and M(M) will fall
(C) T(L) and M(L) will fall, T(M) will remain same and M(M) will increase
(D) T(L) and M(L) will remain same and T(M) and M(M) will decrease

Ans.
Sol.

[C]
Desert lizard is an ectotherm (poikilotherm) whose body temperature varies according to environmental
temperature.
So at 15C T(L) will fall due to fall in T(M)
While mouse is an endotherm (Homeotherm) whose body temperature remains constant always due to
variation is metabolic rate
In homeotherms metabolic rate is inversely proportional to environmental temperature.
So at 15C T(M) remain same and M((M) will increased.

118.

In Griffith's experiments mice died when injected with (A) heat killed S-strain
(B) heat killed S-strain combined with R-strain
(C) heat killed R-strain
(D) live R-strain
[B]
In Griffith experiment, mice died when injected with combination
heat killed s-strain + Live R strain
which resulted in transformation of R II into S III form.

Ans.
Sol.

119.

Human height is a multigenic character. If the heights of all the individuals living in a metropolis are
measured and the percentages of the population belonging to a specific heat are plotted as shown below,
which of the plots would represent the most realistic distribution -

%age population

Height
(A) P

(B) Q

(C) R

(D) S

(9865524620)Latur(9764866000)Patna(06122521030)Pilani(9672977414)Kapurthala(9888009053)Sikar01572248118)Sriganganagar(01542474748)

StudyCenter&CPLiveCenter:Amravati(9850436423)Bilaspur(9893056085)Gorakpur(8593002019)Guwahati(9854000131)Jammu(9419193541)
Jamshedpur(9234630143)Lucknow(9452117759)Ranchi:(06513248049)

56 / 57

Ans.

[A]

Sol.

P plot

KVPY EXAMINATION 2014

CAREER POINT

Height of human is multigenic character and shows bell shape curve as the occurance of extreme height
will be low but medium height will be maximum.
Maximum % of population will have average medium height
120.

If mitochondria isolated from a cell are first placed without carbon source in a buffer at pH 8.0 and then
transferred to a buffer at pH4 , it will lead to (A) an increase in intra-mitochondrial acidity
(B) a decrease in intra-mitochondrial acidity
(C) blockage of ATP synthesis
(D) synthesis of ATP

Ans.
Sol.

[D]
Mitochondria synthesizes ATP based on chemiosmosis when mitochondria is transferred from a buffer pH
8.0 to buffer pH 4.0

H+

ATP

Low H

H+
High H+

pH = 4

Low pH means
High H+ ions