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Striking with Hands Only

Lesson 1 of 6
30 minutes
Curriculum expectations: A1.1, A3.1, B1.4
Topics: Movement Competence, Active Living

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding

Learning Goals

By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:

actively participate while demonstrating behaviours and applying procedures that maximize their safety
and that of others during striking and fielding activities
send balls of various sizes at different levels and in various ways into open space.

Facility

Gymnasium, Large, open space

Safety Requirements

Refer to the Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines – Elementary Curricular Module, Handball –
Wall activity page.

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding | Striking with Hands Only | Page 1 of 7

Striking with Hands Only

Lesson 1 of 6
30 minutes
Curriculum expectations: A1.1, A3.1, B1.4
Topics: Movement Competence, Active Living

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding

Equipment List

20 – 30 hula hoops (1 per student)
5 tees
20 – 30 balls of various shapes and sizes (e.g., utility balls, tennis balls, beach balls)
8 – 12 pylons (2 per group)
Chart paper and marker (optional)
Masking tape
Teacher Resource 1: Participation and Safety Anecdotal Recording Chart

Teacher Resource 2: Striking Skills and Simple Tactics Checklist

Warm-Up

Students will gradually increase their heart rate by participating in the following activity.

Hoop Target


Have each student get a hula hoop and place it about one metre from the wall around the perimeter of the
activity area. Students should be equally spaced.
Have students select a tennis ball, utility ball, or beach ball and move around the activity area, exploring a
variety of ways to strike the ball with their hands into the hula hoops. Encourage students to hit the ball
from their hand or a self-bounce, at various distances and from various heights.
Students retrieve their own ball and keep moving throughout the activity.
After three striking turns, whether successful or not, students jog or skip one lap of the activity area before
resuming striking at the hoops/targets.
Allow students to choose the distance and the ball with which they feel most comfortable.

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding | Striking with Hands Only | Page 2 of 7

Striking with Hands Only

Lesson 1 of 6
30 minutes
Curriculum expectations: A1.1, A3.1, B1.4
Topics: Movement Competence, Active Living

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding

Minds On

Share and clarify the lesson Learning Goals with students.
Have students use the Think Pair Share Strategy (see Appendix) to identify the Success Criteria for
Active Participation that will be used during the lesson. Consider posting student responses on chart
paper for future reference.
Using large-group discussion, have students identify basic safety rules for striking and fielding
activities. Teacher prompt: “What are some safety rules for striking and fielding activities?” Student
response: “Always ensure the fielder is ready before striking or sending the ball.”; “Always look where
you are running in order to avoid collisions.”; “Communicate verbally and visually when working with
team mates.”
Share the following Success Criteria for Safety with students:

Monitor your own actions to ensure your safety and that of others
Apply safety rules and safety procedures while participating in a variety of physical activities

Consider posting the Success Criteria for Safety on chart paper for future reference.
Explain and demonstrate for students the Success Criteria for Striking an Object from a Stationary
Position. This criteria applies to striking a stationary or moving ball with the hand.
Preparation


Maintain a wide base of support
Stand sideways (i.e., with opposite shoulder to hitting hand toward the target)
Keep eyes on the ball

Execution

Move striking hand and arm backward, away from ball, and then swing them forward to strike through the
ball with an open hand

Follow-Through

Follow through with the striking hand and arm, keeping them approximately horizontal, in the direction of
the target
Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding | Striking with Hands Only | Page 3 of 7

Striking with Hands Only

Lesson 1 of 6
30 minutes
Curriculum expectations: A1.1, A3.1, B1.4
Topics: Movement Competence, Active Living

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding

A&E - Minds On

Teacher observation with verbal feedback of students’ ability to demonstrate their knowledge of safe
and active participation during the class discussion

Action

Free Exploration

Explain to students that they are going to practise striking both stationary and moving balls from a
stationary position as well as fielding struck balls.
Have students work with a partner to explore ways to strike a ball with their hand. In each pair, one
student strikes the ball while the other fields the struck ball. Have partners switch roles after five attempts.
Remind students to practise hitting both stationary and moving balls.

Possible stationary ball scenarios could include from the tee and from the hand.
Possible moving ball scenarios could include a self-bounce, a bounce from a partner, an underhand throw
from a partner and a self-toss.

To accommodate various learners, provide a variety of balls for students to choose from.
Circulate during Free Exploration and conference with students, asking the following questions based
on the exploration. Teacher prompt: “What are some things that you should think about to help you
accurately hit the ball?” Student response: “I should keep my eyes on the ball.”; “I should hit the ball
with the heel of my hand.”; “I should hit the ball in an upward direction so I can control how hard and
where it goes.”; “I should follow through so my hand points toward the target after my hit.”
Teacher prompt: “What are the different levels that you could strike the ball?” Student response: “High,
medium or low.”; “It depends on where my hand contacts the ball and how high I bounced the ball
before striking.”
Students should be able to discover and/or understand the following:


Contacting the top of the ball will make it go down (grounder).
Contacting under the ball will make it go up (fly ball).
Contacting the centre of the ball will make it go straight (line drive).

Teacher prompt: “How did striking the ball after it bounced change your ability to strike?” Student
response: “It made it harder when the ball didn’t bounce near me.”; “It was harder, because I had to
watch the ball more carefully.”
Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding | Striking with Hands Only | Page 4 of 7

Striking with Hands Only

Lesson 1 of 6
30 minutes
Curriculum expectations: A1.1, A3.1, B1.4
Topics: Movement Competence, Active Living

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding

Bring students in for a large-group discussion. Explain to students that in games such as softball,
baseball and cricket, the batter tries to make it difficult for the fielders to catch the ball by hitting it to
open spaces where the fielders are not standing.
Instruct students to try to make it a little harder for their partner to catch the ball by hitting it to the
left or right of their partner. Briefly demonstrate this simple tactic for the students.
Have students return to the activity area and repeat the Free Exploration activity with the new simple
tactic (hitting the ball to open spaces) in mind as well as the Success Criteria for Safety. Students may
choose a different ball in order to achieve success.

A&E - Action

Teacher observation with anecdotal writing of students’ ability to participate actively and safely, using
Teacher Resource 1: Participation and Safety Anecdotal Recording Chart
Teacher observation with verbal feedback of students’ ability to strike stationary and moving balls
from a stationary position, using Teacher Resource 2: Striking Skills and Simple Tactics Checklist

Cool-Down

Students gradually decrease their heart rate to a resting rate by participating in the activity below.
Students should also stretch the body parts that have been active throughout the lesson. See
Appendix for stretches.

Bounce and Strike


In groups of 4 – 5, have students spread out in circle formation with one ball.
Students with the ball lead their group in a stretch for 15 – 20 seconds.
When finished, the leader self-bounces and strikes the ball with his or her hand to another student, who in
turn leads a new stretch.
Continue until each student has led a stretch.

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding | Striking with Hands Only | Page 5 of 7

Striking with Hands Only

Lesson 1 of 6
30 minutes
Curriculum expectations: A1.1, A3.1, B1.4
Topics: Movement Competence, Active Living

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding

Consolidation

Before beginning the next activity, ask students to share any new findings or successes about striking
to an open space.
Explain to students that they are going to play a game that incorporates the striking skills they have
been practising.

Bounce, Strike and Run



Divide students into groups of 4 – 5. Have multiple games occurring at once.
One student in each group is the striker, and the rest are fielders.
Have students set up two pylons beside their batter, approximately 3 – 4 metres apart.
Starting next to the first pylon, the striker self-bounces a ball and strikes it with the hand into the fielding
space. Then the striker runs between two pylons as many times as possible.
The fielders work as a team to quickly field the ball and pass it to every fielder once before calling out
“Stop!” to the striker, who must stop running.
Students rotate through the striking and fielding positions.

When they are up to bat (i.e., striking with hand), remind students to hit the ball away from the fielders
into open space.
Have students use the Think Pair Share Strategy (see Appendix) to identify two Success Criteria for
Striking an Object from a Stationary Position that they need to work on in the next class.

A&E - Consolidation

Teacher observation with verbal feedback of students’ ability to strike stationary and moving balls
from a stationary position, using Teacher Resource 2: Striking Skills and Simple Tactics Checklist

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding | Striking with Hands Only | Page 6 of 7

Striking with Hands Only

Lesson 1 of 6
30 minutes
Curriculum expectations: A1.1, A3.1, B1.4
Topics: Movement Competence, Active Living

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding

Ideas for Extension

Students practise bouncing and striking the ball against the wall. Challenge students to do the
following:




Strike the ball against the wall and, after one or two bounces, hit it in the air
Strike the ball with both left and right hands
Strike alternately with each hand
Take turns with a partner striking the ball
Challenge partner to return the ball after one or two bounces.

Notes to Teacher

Set up T-ball tees for use in Free Exploration.

Grade 3 | Introduction to Striking and Fielding | Striking with Hands Only | Page 7 of 7