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Francís Impuíse Axíaí-fíow

T0 0
70
80
90
T00
20 60 T00 T40 T80
Specífíc speed, 

 
 (rpm) l (hp))
T/2
l (fL))
5/4
fig. :e.:: Average efñciencies of commercial hydraulic
turbines as they vary with speciñc speed ¸6].
0.2 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.6 T.0 2.0 4.0 3.0
Dímensíoníess specífíc speed, 

fig. :e.:e Typical geometric proportions of commercial
hydraulic turbines as they vary with dimensionless speciñc
speed ¸ç].
txample ioz C0MPARt50k 0f 5P£CtftC 5P££ß ߣftkt1t0k5
Al lhe besl efnciency poinl, a cenliifugal pump, wilh impellei diamelei D8 in., pioduces H21.9 fl al Q3OO gpm
wilh N  117O ipm. Compule lhe coiiesponding specinc speeds using: (a) \.S. cuslomaiy unils, (b) S¡ unils (iad/s,
m
3
/s, m
2
/s
2
), and (c) !uiopean unils (iev/s, m
3
/s, m
2
/s
2
). Develop conveision faclois lo ielale lhe specinc speeds.
Civen: Cenliifugal pump al besl efnciency poinl (B!P). Assume lhe pump chaiacleiislics aie H  21.9 fl, Q  3OO
gpm, and N  117O ipm.
find: (a) The specinc speed in \.S. cuslomaiy unils.
(b) The specinc speed in S¡ unils.
(c) The specinc speed in !uiopean unils.
(d) Appiopiiale conveision faclois lo ielale lhe specinc speeds.
5e|utien:
6overning eçuotions: N
s

Q
12
h
34
and N
S
cu

NQ
12
H
34
Iiom lhe given infoimalion, lhe specinc speed in \.S. cuslomaiy unils is
N
S
cu
117O ipm  3OO
12
gpm
12

1
219
34
fl
34
2OOO 
N
S
cu
ioz 1urbomachinery Analysis yeç
ios t.»»· r.»· .»a r/.ae··
We will now look al lhe vaiious lypes of ûuid machines in giealei delail. We will begin
oui discussion wilh iolaling machines lhal peifoim woik on an incompiessible ûuid,
namely pumps, fans and bloweis.
App|icatien ef £u|er 1urbemachine £quatien
te Centrifuga| Pumps
As demonslialed in !xample 1O.1, lhe liealmenl fiom Seclion 1O.2 may be applied
diieclly lo lhe analysis of cenliifugal machines. Iiguie 1O.7 in Seclion 1O.2 iepiesenls
Conveil infoimalion lo S¡ unils:
117O
iev
min
2
iad
iev

min
6O s
123 iads
Q3OO
gal
min

fl
3
748 gal

min
6O s
O3O5
3
m
3
fl
3
OO19O m
3
s
H219 fl  O3O5
m
fl
668 m
The eneigy pei unil mass is
h gH981
m
s
2
668 m655 m
2
s
2
The dimensionless specinc speed is
N
s
123
iad
s
OO19O
12
m
32
s
12

s
2

34
655
34
m
2

34
O736 
N
s
S¡
Conveil lhe opeialing speed lo heilz:
117O
iev
min

min
6O s

Hz s
iev
195 Hz
Iinally, lhe specinc speed in !uiopean unils is
N
s
!ui 195 Hz OO19O
12
m
32
s
12

s
2

34
655
34
m
2

34
O117 
N
s
!ui
To ielale lhe specinc speeds, foim ialios:
N
s
cu
N
s
!ui

2OOO
O117
17 1OO
N
s
cu
N
s
S¡

2OOO
O736
272O
y:e c/.»te· io fluid Machinery