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Lanark

Did You Know?
The entire wool production
process, transforming the fleece
we get delivered into the ball
of wool you can buy in the
shop, takes about six weeks.

You can learn more about the wool
making process at the New Lanark
Visitor Centre and purchase from our
extensive range of wool, textiles and
knitting kits at the Gift Shop located in

Wool
& textiles

Mill No. 2
New Lanark Mills
Lanark
ML11 9DB

In 2006 our specialist wool
spinning production unit
became the first in Scotland to
achieve the Soil Association’s
Organic Certification –
Licence No: DK 17194.

All proceeds from the sale
of our wool and textiles are
returned to New Lanark
Trust to be reinvested in the
care and development of New
Lanark World Heritage Site.

newlanarkshop.co.uk

From Sheep to Shop – the journey of our wool
Available for purchase from the shop and online!

Our wool was used to
create the iconic Christmas
jumpers featured in the
Harry Potter films.

Discover a New Ewe!

HOW WE MAKE OUR WOOL
The production of our high quality wool requires many steps; much of the process takes place in Mill No. 3
and parts are open to visitors!

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New Lanark’s line of wool and textile
products are sold in a variety of
ways- in our Gift Shop, at trade
shows, via our online shop and to
wholesalers or commission customers.

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Spinning

14 spools are then loaded onto our 19th century
spinning mule. The spinning mule runs on a track,
stretching the wool out, then winding it back onto
‘pirns’ or ‘bobbins’. This machine is one of our largest;
watch how it works on Level 4 of Mill No. 3.

Blending/Teasing

The process continues with the
blending of two or more colours
of wool. The selected shades are
weighed then combined using a
mixture of water and oil. One
batch of yarn can have up to
ten different shades used in
it. The blended wool is then
fed into a teaser where metal
teeth will continue to blend
and further mix the fibres.

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In this stage, the wool is sent through a series of rollers covered in fine
metal teeth. The rollers align the wool fibres and continue to blend
and refine the colour as the wool moves through them. The end of the
process separates the wool into 28 loose sections that are wound onto
large spools. You can watch this entire step on Level 2 of Mill No. 3.

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We start by purchasing
high quality fleece
from wool brokers and
it is shipped to the
Mill in large bales. All
necessary dyeing and
scouring (cleaning) of
the fleece is done before
the raw material is
delivered to the site.

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Raw Product

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From
twisting frame

The yarn is now ready for the hanking machine where
it will be wound into loose loops. From here, it is sent
off site to be cleaned, scoured and softened. After
it is clean, the yarn is coned or balled with our
label, packaged and returned to New Lanark.

Winding

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Plying

The full pirns of single yarn are then moved
to the Savio, a winding machine. The Savio
machine will wind the wool while removing
all the lumps, knots and thin parts.

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To make the wool a desired
‘ply’, it is put through the
twisting frame. Here, the single
strands are twisted together to create
various types of wool; double knitting
(2 ply) Aran (3 ply) or chunky (4 ply)

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