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DISEO DE UNA ZAPATA AISLADA

Disear la zapata mostrada en la fig: Si la Columna de 70 x 50 lleva 10 fierros de 1" y transmite


las cargas PD = 180 tn y PL = 100 tn . La capacidad portante admisible del suelo es qa = 2.5 kg/cm2
; ademas fy = 4200kg/cm2 , fy = 280 kg/cm2 en la columna y fc = 210 kg/cm2 en la zapata

DATOS:
Zapata
210 kg/cm
Columna
f ' c = 210 kg/cm
b=
25 cm
t=
30 cm
f'c=

S/C =
PD =
PL =

Otros
550 kg/m
30.7 Tn
8 Tn

Df =
2 =
qa =
db =
Lv =

Acero
f y = 4200 kg/cm

Suelo
1.5
1800
2.50
1.91
375

m
kg/m
kg/cm
cm
cm

MD,ML

1.- DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA

PD, PL

Clculo del peralte de la zapata (hc )

Ld=

0 . 08 .

d .F
b

Reemplazo los valores que tenemos:


Ld = 44.29 cm
ht

f'c

Tomar

Ld = 44.29 cm

Df

Lv

(Del problema se emplean varillas de 1")


b ( 1") = 1.91 cm
r.e. =
5.00 cm
(recubrimiento)
hc =
51.20 cm
Tomar
hc =
55.00 cm
hc = Ld + r.e + b
ht = Df - hc
ht =
95.00 cm

hc
T

Clculo de la presin neta del suelo ( qm )


qm = 2.14 kg/cm

qm=qag htg chc-s/c

t
t

Clculo del rea de la zapata ( Az )

P
qm
( t1-t2)
T= Az+
2
(t1-t2 )
S= Az
2
Azap=

Azap =
T =
B =

18,084.11
137.00
132.00

cm
cm
cm

Donde:
P = Carga de servicio
Lv = Volados iguales sin
excentricidad

2.- DETERMINACIN DE LA REACCIN AMPLIFICADA ( qmu )

Pu
Wnu=
Azap

1.4 x 180000 + 1.7 x 100000


350 x 370

3.13

kg/cm2

Donde:
Pu = Carga Ultima

3.- VERIFICACION POR CORTE ( = 0.85 )


Por Flexin:

T t
Lv=
2
Vdu=( WnuxB)(Lv-d)
Vc=0 .53 f'c bd
Vc Vdu

Lv =
r.e =
b ( 3/4") =
d=
Vdu =
=

53.50
7.50
1.91
45.59
3,266.77
0.85

Vc =

46,219.90

cm
cm
cm
cm
kg

(Suponiendo varillas 3/4")


( d = hc - b - r.e. )
(Coef. De reduccion por corte)

kg

Vc = 39,286.92
Vc > Vdu OK!

kg

Por Punzonamiento:

[ ]

Vc=0 . 27 2+

Vu=Pu-Wnu x mn
kg

2m +2n

(perimetro de los
planos de falla)
* f 'c^.5 * bo * d = 1.06 * f 'c^.5 * bo * d

Vc = 0.27 * 2 + 4
c
Vc = 278,137.59 kg
Vc=
Vc = 236,416.95 kg
Vc=
Vc > Vdu
OK!
c = lado mayor columna ( t )
c = 1.2
lado menor columna ( b )
m=t+d
n=t+b
bo = 2*m + 2*n
Vu = vc OK !

204,740.17 Kg
174,029.14

Kg

d/2
d/2

m = 75.59
n = 70.59
Vu = 1.1 x f'c x bo x d
Vu = 204,740.17
kg
vc = 174,029.14
kg

bo = 2 x ( t + d ) + 2 x ( b + d ) =
bo = 292.36
cm

Dmayor
c= Dmenor ,
c2Vc=1. 06 f ' c bo d
VuVc; =0 . 85

n = b+d

39,885.40

f ' c bo d

Vu =

m = t+d
T

4.- CALCULO DEL REFUERZO LONGITUDINAL ( = 0.90 )


Direccin Mayor:

( Wnu x B) Lv2
2
Mu
As=
a
Fy ( d- )
2
As . Fy
a=
0 . 85f'cb
Mu=

Lv =
Mu =
B=
d=
a=
As =
a=

cm
ree = 7.50
kg-cm b ( 3/4") = 1.91

As = 3.45

cm
cm2 2
(Valor Asumido)
cm
2
Ab ( 3/4" ) =
cm
# Varilla ( n ) =
cm
2
Espaciam =
1 3/4" @
cm2

2.85
1
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!cm

As mn = 7.13

Ab ( 3/4" ) =
# Varilla ( n ) =
Espaciam =
3 3/4" @

2.85
3
57.55
57.55 cm

As mn = 0.0018 * B * d
As > As mn OK !!
Ab
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Ab
Espaciam = B - 2*r.e - b
n -1

53.50
591,044.18
132.00

45.59
3.89
3.58
0.64

As

>

T=
B=
d=
a=

137
132
45.59
5.01

cm2

ASUMIR As mn !!
As mn

Direccin Menor:
As tranv = As * T
B
As mn = 0.0018 * B * d
As > As mn OK !!

cm2

2.85 cm2
1
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!cm

Asmin = 23.43 cm2

Ab ( 3/4" ) =
# Varilla ( n ) =
Espaciam =
8 3/4" @

2.85
8
17.16
17.16 cm

As transv = 3.58
Espaciam = B - 2*r.e - b
n -1

As transv
Longitud de desarrollo en Traccion ( Ld )
<

Lv1

ree = 7.50 cm
1.91 2cm

b ( 3/4") =

(Valor Asumido)
Ab ( 3/4" ) =
# Varilla ( n ) =
Espaciam =
1 3/4" @

Ab
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Ab

ld = b * fy *

cm
2cm2
cm

>

As mnASUMIR As mn !!

3.54 * f 'c^.5 * C + Kr
b
Lv1 = Lv - r.e.e

La Zapata es rectangular se debe compartir el Refuerzo adecuadamente de la siguiente manera:


Asc = 2 * Astrv
( + 1 )

=
=
=
=

= Lado mayor Zapata


Lado menor Zapata
Ab
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Ab
Espaciam = B - 2*r.e.e - b
n -1

1.00
0.80
1.00
1.00

b (3/4") =
r.e.e =
fy =
f'c =

1.91
7.50
4200
210

C = 8.50
ktr = 0
2.5

Longitud de desarrollo en traccin


Lv1 = 367.50 cm
Ld = 50.04 cm
Ld < Lv1

q = ( C+kt r )/ b
q= 10.41
q >= 2.5 ,PONER 2.5 !!
q < 2.5 ,PONER q !!

OK !!

Espaciamiento del Refuerzo


Asc = 3.58
45 cm
3xh

285 cm

>

cm2

### OK !!

5.- VERIFICACION DE LA CONEXIN COLUMNA - ZAPATA ( = 0.70 )


Para la seccin A colum = 70*50 = 3500 cm ( COLUMNA )
* 0.85 * f 'c * As1
A colum = b *t
Pu < ( * 0.85 * f 'c * A1)
Ab
As mn = 0.005 * A1
# Varilla = As1
Ab
As col. > As mn OK !!

Pu = 56580 kg
A1 = 750
cm2
* 0.85 * f 'c * A1 = 93712.5 kg
Pu < * 0.85 * f 'c * A1

# Varilla ( n ) =

OK !!

As mn = 3.75 cm2
Ab ( 3/4" ) = 2.85 cm2
USAR
As1 = 3.75 cm2
OK !!
As col > As min

Para la seccin A zapata = 350*370 = 129500 cm ( ZAPATA )


Pu < x 0.85 x f 'c x A2/A1 x A1

x 0.85 x f 'c x A2/A1 x A1 =

Pu = 56580 kg
A1 = 750 cm2
A2 = 18084 cm2
187425 kg

OK !!

A2/A1 =

###

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