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1

3.2

1.
: xx yy


.

2.



.
,
, ,
.

.

y
5
4
3
2
1

-3 -2 -1
-1
-2

1 2 3

5 x

-3

3.

(x, y)
,
y
(x, y)
5

4

3

.
y2

1
.

(x, y)
x -3 -2 -1-1 1 2 3 x 4 5 x
x , y -2
.
-3

y
x (x, y)
y
xx
yy

2
y

4.




5
4

1o

3
2o
2
1

x -3 -2 -1-1
3o
-2
-3

2 3

4o

5.

, y
x.

(x, y).

1.

(x, y) :
1 ,
2
3
4
xx 0
yy 0

2.
(x, y)
xx : d(M , xx) = |y|
yy : d(M , yy) = |x|

3.
(x1 , y1) , (x2 , y2 )
=

(x 2 x1 ) 2 (y 2 y1 ) 2

4.

x , y (x, y) ,

.

5.

:
x,

y,

,

1.

(0, 3) (4, 5).


.

2.

(1, 0) (0, 5).

3.

) (2 3, 9),
yy.
) (5, 3 + 2) ,
xx.

4.
,
) ( 4, 6) ( 4, 10)
) (12 1) ( 4, 1)
) ( 3, 5) (2, 6)

5.

(2 3, 5 + 6), 1 .

6.

(5 3, 2+ 8),
) 2 ) 3 ) 4 .

7.
< 0 > 0, :
(, ) , (, ), ( , ).

8.
5(2 6y)

2(3 x) 5,
, x y
7

4 .

9.
5y 3
1 y 2

x 1
2y
,

3x 5 ,
,
4
4
2
3

x y .

10.

) (2 + 3 , 5) ( 5 + 6 , 5)
yy, .
) ( 2 + 3 , 2) ( 4 , 3 + 4)
, .
) (2 + 3 , 1) (2, 3)
x.

11.

) (2 , 4) 2 4
) (2 , 3) 2
) yy 0
) xx 0
) ( 2, 3) ( 2 , 3) x
) ( 2, 5), ( 3 , 5) y

12 .

y = ( 82 1)x + 4
(1 , 35), .

13.
y = x +
(0 , 4) (2 , 1), .

14.

y = x2 2 x 2
) x
) x

15 .

(1, 2) , (4, 2) ( 3, 5)
.

16.

(0, 2), ( 1, 1) ( 4, 0)
.

17 .


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