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Miller Effect

Capacitance

Definition
TheMiller effectaccounts for the increase
in theequivalent input capacitanceof an
inverting
voltageamplifierdue
to
amplification of the effect of capacitance
between the input and output terminals.
Although the termMiller effectnormally
refers to capacitance, any impedance
connected between the input and another
node exhibiting gain can modify the
amplifier input impedance via this effect.

Inverting Amplifiers
For any inverting amplifier, the input
capacitance will be increased by a
Miller effect capacitance sensitive to
the gain of the amplifier and the
interelectrode (parasitic) capacitance
between
the
input
and
output
terminals of the active device.

Network
employed
in
the
derivation
of
an
equation
for
the
Miller
input
capacitance.

Applying Kirchhoffs current law gives


Using Ohms law yields
and

Substituting, we obtain
and
but
and
In General,

Non-Inverting Amplifiers
For non-inverting amplifiers such as
the common-base and emitter-follower
configurations,
the
Miller
effect
capacitance is not a contributing
concern
for
high-frequency
applications.

Network employed in the derivation of


an equation for the Miller output
capacitance.

Applying Kirchhoffs current law results in


with
Assuming that,
Substituting Vi = Vo/Av from Av = Vo/Vi
results in

and
or
resulting in
Where Av >> 1,

Example:

Example for High-Frequency Response BJT


Amplifier:

Equivalent Circuit:

Example for High-Frequency Response FET


Amplifier:

Equivalent Circuit: