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BIOL 2401: Joints & Muscles (Fall 2011)

Joints
Specific Joints also know associated bones
Axial
sutures
temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
intervertebral
sacroiliac
pubic symphysis
Appendicular
shoulder (glenohumeral)
rotator cuff (group)
long head of bicep
short head of bicep
elbow
hip
ligamentum capitis
knee (tibiofemoral)
anterior cruciate ligament
posterior cruciate ligament
fibular (lateral) collateral ligament
tibial (medial) collateral ligament
patellar ligament
quadriceps tendon
medial meniscus
lateral meniscus

Types
fibrous
cartilaginous
synovial
types
ball & socket
circumduction
condyloid
gliding
hinge
pivot
saddle
parts
joint (articular) capsule
synovial membrane
synovial (joint) cavity
synovial fluid
articular surface
bursae

Skeletal Muscle Structure


muscle fiber
motor end plate
myofibril
myosin
actin

sarcomere
A-band
I-band
Z-line
M-line

membranes
endomysium
sarcolemma

types
skeletal
smooth
cardiac

motor neuron

Muscles of the Face, Head, and Neck


frontalis
occipitalis
epicranial aponeurosis+
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
corrugator supercilia*
buccinator
zygomaticus

masseter
temporalis
medial pterygoid
lateral pterygoid
risorius*
levator labii superioris*
depressor anguli oris*
depressor labii inferioris*

* not in lab manual or text - check website or other source

mentalis*
platysma
sternocleidomastoid
splenius capitus
nasalis*
scalenes*
digastric*
mylohyoid*

+ not a muscle

Muscles of the Chest, Shoulder, and Upper Limb


Move Pectoral Girdle
trapezius
rhomboideus
levator scapulae
serratus anterior
pectoralis minor
internal intercostal*
external intercostal*

Move Arm
pectoralis major
teres major
latissimus dorsi
deltoid

Move Forearm
biceps brachii
brachialis
brachioradialis
triceps brachii
supinator
pronator teres
Move Hand
flexor digitorum
extensor digitorum
palmaris longus
retinaculum+

Rotator cuff
supraspinatus
subscapularis
infraspinatus
teres minor

Muscles of the Deep Back, Abdominal Wall, & Pelvic Outlet


erector spinae (group)
quadratus lumborum

rectus abdominis
external oblique
internal oblique
transversus abdominis

linea alba+

Muscles of the Hip & Lower Limb


Move Thigh
psoas major
iliacus
gluteus maximus
gluteus medius
gluteus minimus
piriformis
tensor fasciae latae
iliotibial band+
adductor longus
adductor magnus
gracilis

Move Leg
hamstring group
biceps femoris
semitendinosus
semimembranosus
sartorius
quadriceps
rectus femoris
vastus lateralis
vastus medialis
vastus intermedius

Move Foot
tibialis anterior
gastrocnemius
soleus
flexor digitorum
fibularis (peroneus) longus
calcaneal (Achilles) tendon+

The Eye (Text p.)


superior rectus
inferior rectus
medial rectus
lateral rectus

superior oblique
inferior oblique

* not in lab manual or text - check website or other source

+ not a muscle

Muscle
orbicularis oris
orbicularis oculi
buccinator
masseter
temporalis
lateral & medial pterygoid
levator labii superioris
depressor anguli oris
depressor labii inferioris
sternocleidomastoid
scalenes
trapezius
rhomboideus
levator scapulae
serratus anterior
internal intercostal
external intercostal
pectoralis major
teres major
latissimus dorsi
deltoid
supraspinatus
teres minor
biceps brachii
triceps brachii
supinator
pronator teres
palmaris longus
extensor digitorum
erector spinae
rectus abdominis
external & internal oblique
transverse abdominis
psoas major
iliacus
gluteus maximus
adductor (longus & magnus)
gracilis
hamstring group
quadriceps
sartorius
tibialis anterior
gastrocnemius
soleus
fibularis longus

Action
close mouth
close eye
compress cheeks
elevate mandible
elevate mandible
grinding
elevate upper lip
depress corners of mouth
depress lower lip
rotates head, flexes neck or elevates sternum
elevates ribcage
rotates scapula
elevates and adducts scapula
elevates scapula
pulls scapula anteriorly and downward
retracts (depresses) ribs
protracts (elevates) ribs
flexes, adducts and rotates arm medially
extension, adducts and rotates arm medially
extension, adducts and rotates arm medially
abducts, extend and flexes arm
abducts arm
rotates arm laterally
flexes forearm
extends forearm
supinates (laterally rotates) forearm
pronates (medially rotates) forearm
flexes hand
extends & hyperextends digits
posture (extend vertebral column)
compresses abdominal region - flexes vertebral column
compresses abdominal region
compresses abdominal region
flexes thigh
flexes thigh
extends thigh
adducts leg
adducts leg
flexes leg
extension of leg
rotates leg laterally
dorsiflexion/inversion
plantar flexion
plantar flexion
plantar flexion/eversion

* not in lab manual or text - check website or other source

+ not a muscle