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i

2551 13 8
( 2.4 ) 27
13
4

4
(27) 500



(Sanitary and Phytosanitary
Measures: SPS) (Environment Measures)

ii


(FTA)
FTA
FTA


FTA

FTA




Diamond Model
3
1

2

3 (
)

iii

1)

2) 3)
4)


1)
2)

1) 2)
()
3)
4) (Supplier)

1)

2) Contract Farming
3)

1)
2)
3)
4) 5)

iv

1)
2)
3) 4)

1) 2)

3)







1)
2)


1) 2)
3) 4)
5)

(27 )
(Global Trade Analysis Project: GTAP) 7.0



(Macroeconomic Variables)
GDP



17.72 3.07 0.22

5.036
1.37




3

1 :

vi






() 8%
160,033 1,024 53%
() 15.4% 92,610
1,300 1 2550




2547
FTA

92,610
15.4%

vii


()

2552
23.49 (
13.64)



12% 24% ()
(NTB)

IUU Fishing (Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing)
2553
(Catching Certificate)
IUU Fishing
(Traceability) (Supply Chain)

FTA


( ) ACP (
)

viii





(GSP)
GSP

FTA
GSP
FTA




(Anti-Dumping
Duty: AD)





ix

FTA


(Sensitive List)
FTA

2 :
100%

6



2




2553 80 : 20
80 3
20 2552
2551 10 10

FTA

(Sensitive List) FTA

(Basmati Rice)




()



98
2


xi

(Traceability)

FTA

/


(Health Certification)







2552 (
52.63) ( 38.73) ( 2551
1 )
( 4.13) ( 1.99 2551 4.72)
FTA

xii


3 :
FTA


FTA


(Animal Welfare) GlobalGAP



FTA

(Sensitive List) 0%

xiii

FTA







FTA






FTA
FTA

1:
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7

2:
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.2 ( 1)
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
2.3 ( 2)
2.3.1 100%
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.4 ( 3)
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3

1-1
1-5
1-6
1-7
1-15
1-16
1-17

2-1
2-1
2-6
2-13
2-17
2-17
2-27
2-38
2-49
2-59
2-59
2-72
2-81
2-87
2-87
2-94
2-98

()

3:
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2 (Regulation 178/2002)
3.1.3
3.1.4 (Hygiene Package)
3.1.5
3.2
3.3
3.4
4:
4.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.2.5
4.2.6
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.1.1
4.3.1.2
(MRLs)
4.3.1.3
4.3.2

3-1
3-5
3-6
3-9
3-14
3-19
3-20
3-23
3-25

4-1
4-6
4-14
4-19
4-20
4-21
4-22
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-24
4-24
4-25
4-26

()

4.3.3
4.3.4
4.3.5
4.3.6
4.4
4.5

4-28
4-29
4-30
4-32
4-33
4-40

5:
5.1 ( 1)
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.2 ( 2)

5-1
5-1
5-4
5-6
5-13
5-15

5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.3 ( 3)
5.3.1
5.3.2

5-15
5-17
5-20
5-23
5-23
5-26

6:

6.1
6.1.1 ( 1)
6.1.1.1
6.1.1.2

6-1
6-3
6-3
6-8

()

6.1.1.3
6.1.1.4
6.1.2 ( 2)
6.1.2.1
6.1.2.2
6.1.2.3
6.1.3 ( 3)
6.1.3.1
6.1.3.2
Diamond Model
6.1.3.3
6.2
7:
7.1
7.2
7.2.1
7.2.2

. 3
.

6-13
6-17
6-20
6-20
6-26
6-34
6-39
6-39
6-43
6-46
6-49

7-1
7-5
7-6
7-11

1.1
1.2

2550

2546-2550
1.3 - - (SWOT Analysis)
1.4 GTAP Database 6 GTAP Database 7
2.1 (27)
2545 2552
2.2 (27) 2545 2552
2.3 (27) 2545 2552
2.4 (, , ) 15
(27)
2.5 15
(27)
2.6 (27) 10
2.7
2545 2552
2.8 ( 1 2550)
2.9
2549-2551
2.10
2545 2552
2.11

2.12 2551
3.1
3.2
4.1

1-2
1-4
1-13
1-14
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-9
2-10
2-12
2-14
2-23
2-38
2-61
2-75
2-96
3-24
3-25
4-5

()

4.2

2552
Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed
(RASFF)
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6

4.7

4.8

4.9

4.10
:
4.11
:
6.1
6.2

6.3
6.4
6.5

4-10

4-22
4-23
4-25
4-27
4-28
4-30
4-31
4-34
4-37
6-50
6-50
6-51
6-52
6-52

1.1
1.2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.18


2549 -2550 ()
Diamond Model
() 2549 2551
2551
( 2550)
5

2551 ()
(27 )

2550 2552

2552 ()
(27 )

2550 2552
()
2551 ()
(27 )

2550 2552
2552 ()

(27 )

2550 2552

1-2
1-11
2-6
2-7
2-17
2-18
2-20
2-20
2-21
2-27
2-28
2-28
2-29
2-39
2-40
2-41
2-42
2-50
2-51
2-52

()

2.19
2.20
2.21
2.22
2.23
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.27
2.28
2.29
2.30
2.31
2.32
2.33
2.34
2.35
3.1
3.2

2552 ()
2550 ()
100% 2
100% (27 )
100%
2550 2552
100% 2
10 2551
2545 2552
2552 ()

2545 2552
(27 )

2552
2552 ()

2545 2552
(27
)

2552
2552
(27 )

2-60
2-62
2-62
2-63
2-64
2-64
2-73
2-74
2-75
2-76
2-77
2-82
2-82
2-83
2-84
2-91
2-91
3-2
3-16

()

4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
5.1
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10

RASFF

Diamond Model

Diamond Model

Diamond Model

Diamond Model

Diamond Model

Diamond Model

Diamond Model

Diamond Model

Diamond Model

Diamond Model

4-8
4-41
4-45
4-47
5-9
6-7
6-12
6-16
6-19
6-25
6-33
6-38
6-42
6-45
6-48

1-1

1.1


1
.. 2504


10


2548 15
10
2550
1
49.1 18,779.38 ( 1.1)

1-2

1.1 2550

()

18,779.38

49.1

1
1
1
1
3
7

81,645.72
44,881.12
40,971.23
119,327.71
192,061.75
45,366.53

22.1
47.6
24.1
37.2
7.9
5.0

: , 2551

4 2550
4 80,000
26.6 18.8
7.7 5.6 ( 1.1)
1.1
2549 -2550 ()

: , 2551

1-3





(WTO) WTO

(FTA)

FTA
FTA


FTA
3
500 FTA
FTA

1.2 2546
2550 1,301.75
351 36.54

1-4

1.2 2546-2550

()
2546
649.31
2547
726.77
2548
761.48
2549
953.35
2550
1,301.75
: UN Comtrade Database, 2008

()
11.93
4.78
25.20
36.54

()
488.91
551.45
542.36
714.15
1,039.94

FTA






2550
Food Miles1




1

Food Miles CO2



Food Miles

1-5




Food Miles

FTA



FTA


FTA


(Food Safety)

1.2
1.2.1

1.2.2
1.2.3

1.2.4

1-6

1.3
1.3.1

1.3.2

1.3.3

1.3.4

1.3.5 3
1
2
3 (
)
2

(HS 100630) 3,251
2550 20.73
(HS 030613) 2550
3,461.9 57.28
(HS 160232) 2550
16,926 16.39
(HS 160414) 2550
7,531.3
23.60 480.1
83.06
(HS 200820; HS 200941)
1 2550

1-7

5,017.2 0.31
2,296.2 32.46
(HS 200580) 2550 1,521.9
7.65
(HS 070920) 2550 46.6
48.4

1.4

1.4.1


Diamond Model 2
1.4.1.1

Markusen Melvin (1989 , 2544)


8

1-8

(1) (Production Function)


Adam Smith
Ricardo

Adam Smith


Ricardo



(2)
(Factor Endownments) Hecksher - Ohlin
Factor - Price - Equalization Rybczynski Stolper Samuelson
Hecksher - Ohlin



1 2
1
(Capital Intensive) 2
(Labor Intensive)
1 2

(3)
(Increasing return to scale)
(Fixed cost)
(Marginal cost)

1-9


(Factor productivity)
Increasing return to scale





(4) (Distortions)

(5) Linder



Linder

(6) (Product Cycle)


3
1

2


1-10

3 3
3

(7) (Technology Gap)



(8)



()



1.4.1.2 (Diamond Model)



Diamond Model Michael E. Porter

1-11

(Firm strategy, Structure and Rivalry)


(Demand conditions)

(Related and Supporting


Industries)

(Factor Conditions)



(Government)

1.2 Diamond Model

: , 2549

1-12

1.4.1.3

SWOT Analysis
SWOT Analysis

(Strategy
Formulation) - -
(SWOT Analysis)
SWOT Analysis
SWOT
Strength

Weakness







2 SWOT O-Opportunity T-Threat

Opportunity

Threat-

1-13

SWOT Analysis
2

2

1.3 - - (SWOT Analysis)


(S)

(W)

(O)

SO

WO

(T)

ST

WT

: 2549
4
1. SO

2. WO

3. ST
4. WT

1.4.2 Global Trade


Analysis Project (GTAP) version 7

(Computable General Equilibrium Model: CGE)
(Global Trade Analysis Project: GTAP)
Purdue
GTAP

1-14



(Terms of Trade)

(Welfare)
Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) version 7

(General Equilibrium Model) 2547
GTAP Database Version 6 ( 1.4)

1.4 GTAP Database 6 GTAP Database 7


GTAP Database 6

GTAP Database 7

2001
57
87

2004
57
113
2004-World Bank and other
sources
2004-COMTRADE through
ERS/USDA; re-exports data for
NLD
1965 - 2006

2001-World Bank and other sources

2001-COMTRADE through
ERS/USDA; re-exports data for NLD

1965 - 2002

: Prudue University, 2008. Global Trade, Assistance, and Production: The GTAP 7
Data Base.
GTAP




(Equilibrium)

1-15

GTAP

1.5


2

1:
2
(Primary Data)



(In-depth Interview)


(Secondary Data)


2:
(Descriptive analysis)
(Quantitative analysis)

1-16


(Global Trade Analysis Project: GTAP)

GTAP




FTA
(Diamond Model) (1)
(Factor Conditions) (2) (Demand Conditions) (3)
(Related and Supporting Industries) (4)
(Firm Strategy, Structure and Rivalry)



1.6
1.6.1

1.6.2

1-17

1.7







(CCFICS)
( , 2549)

CCFICS national focal point



(2551)
FTA 2 (1) FTA (2)
6

FTA
3 1 :
FTA
2 FTA:
FTA FTA 3
FTA:
FTA
5 5
3
6

1-18

(1) FTA


FTA
FTA
FTA

(2)



(3)
(NTMs)
(ROO) (CTC)
(Specific Issues) (GMOs)

(4)



(5)


(6)


FTA
190
Trade Sustainable Impact Assessment Trade

1-19

SIA SIA
1999


Francois J.F. et al (2005)

27




10
1
2547

(2542)
10

10
10



(.. 2536-2542) ( )
(1) (Common Agricultural Policy: CAP)

(CAP

1-20

Reform)
(2)




(3)










(4)

(WTO)
(CAIRNS) APEC
(ASEM)



SMEs

6

1-21

, 2551)
SMEs SMEs
150,000 SMEs


-

(Certified)







- - -
(2550)






(
)

1-22


(2544)


GDP Comprehensive (
)



FTA
(Non-Tariff Barriers: NTB)
2543










1-23











Brand Name
(
, 2542)

(2542)2





GSP
GSP



2538-2541

1-24









(2542)



ACP
(GSP)







2 (2545)





1-25




(2531)

(Shell-on headless shrimp) (Precooked and peeled
shrimp) 2 3
International Facility for Food Irradiation Technology (IFFIT)



( , 2532) 1)


2)

1-26

3)


( , 2543) 2530-2537
2
2
2538-2541

4 (

)
3

(2550)





/









1-27










(niche market)



(2551)

(Communication Flow)




(Warehouse Cost)

(Inventory Cot) 47

1-28

(Food Processing)


(Packaging)
(Temperature Control)







(Inventory Cost)





Integration Supply Chain Management

2-1

2.1
(European Union EU)
27 1

1 3
Economic Heavyweight
(Gross Domestic Product: GDP)

2
2.1.1
3
8 ( 2545 2552) 3 1.02
2552
18,153 6.19 (27 )
27
( 2495) ( 2516)
( 2524) ( 2529) ( 2538)
( 2547) ( 2550)
3
2
<http://www.mfa.go.th/web/52.php>
3
(27 ) 2545 2552

1

2-2

12,000 4.15
2 ( 2.1)

70
(GDP) 2
8 ( 2545 2552) 6.21
2552 6.19
19.62 2551 ( 2.1) 2.2

2551 26.49
10.64 19.96 89.94
2551 11.06



4
8 ( 2545 2552) 3.99
2552 4.15 12.92
2.3 2552
1 1.76 3.38

1.50 0.69



2-3

2.1 (27) 2545 2552


:

2545

2546

2547

2548

2549

(%)
2550

2551

2552

2545 2546

2547

2548

2549

2550

2551

5,698,833.52 6,464,405.99 7,674,756.11 9,192,715.63 9,880,294.78 10,172,305.63 11,813,853.63 9,795,136.40 1.16 13.43

18.72

19.78

7.48

2.96

16.14 -17.09

2,923,941.39 3,325,630.12 3,873,689.56 4,438,691.03 4,937,372.24 5,302,119.22 5,851,371.14 5,194,588.61 1.36 13.74

16.48

14.59

11.23

7.39

10.36 -11.22

2,774,892.14 3,138,775.87 3,801,066.55 4,754,024.60 4,942,922.54 4,870,186.41 5,962,482.49 4,600,547.78 0.94 13.11

21.10

25.07

3.97

-1.47 22.43 -22.84

149,049.25

2552

186,854.25

72,623.01

-315,333.58

-5,550.30

431,932.81

-111,111.34

594,040.83

(27)

767,748.00

832,511.95

959,837.35

1,037,869.71 1,117,722.70 1,163,946.43 1,246,739.56 1,034,082.73

--

8.44

15.29

8.13

7.69

4.14

7.11

-17.06

454,479.47

507,836.16

579,457.51

603,096.27

685,248.24

747,952.79 769,773.59

618,757.83

--

11.74

14.1

4.08

13.62

9.15

2.92

-19.62

313,268.54

324,675.79

380,379.85

434,773.45

432,474.46

415,993.63 476,965.97

415,324.90

--

3.64

17.16

14.3

-0.53

-3.81 14.66 -12.92

141,210.93

183,160.36

199,077.66

168,322.82

252,773.78

331,959.16 292,807.62

203,432.93

: (Menucom )
http://www2.ops3.moc.go.th/menucomth/

2-4

2.2 (27) 2545 2552

:
2545

2546

2547

2548

2549

(%)
2550

2551

2552

2545

2546

2547

2548

2549

2550

2551

2552

11.74

14.1

4.08

13.62

9.15

2.92

-19.62

23.1

3.82

0.18

20.12

19.88

22.64 -26.49

50,432.49

21.11

5.16

19.88

17.31

9.11

20.94 -10.64

3. 376,105.80 418,332.00 487,713.90 501,544.80 568,590.00 620,486.90 616,163.50 493,174.47


4.
954.9
843.5
3,312.50 6,424.30 3,821.00 2,515.50 9,912.70 11,009.11

5. (

14,951.70 12,237.30 8,700.50 9,260.50 10,716.50 7,135.40
1.40
0.15
)

11.23

16.59

2.84

13.37

9.13

-0.7

-11.67 292.72 93.94 -40.52 -34.16 294.06 11.06

-18.15

454,479.50 507,836.20 579,457.50 603,096.30 685,248.20 747,952.80 769,773.60 618,757.83

1.
( , ,
38,589.10 47,504.60 49,318.10 49,408.70 59,351.00 71,149.50 87,260.90 64,141.62
)
2.
23,877.90

28,918.80

30,412.40

36,457.90

42,769.70

46,665.40

56,435.00

-28.9

6.44

-19.96

15.72 -33.42 -99.98 -89.44

: (Menucom )

2-5

2.3 (27) 2545 2552

:
2545

2546

2547

2548

2549

2550

2551

3.64

17.16

14.3

-0.53

-3.81

14.66 -12.92

21.63

87.58 -39.62 20.91 -17.33 126.95 -31.63

127,717.50 116,979.50 142,065.90 184,630.10 182,979.30 162,543.90 182,703.40 176,533.50

-8.41

21.45

29.96

-0.89

-11.17

12.4

123,430.20 140,070.10 163,193.70 165,700.20 169,214.70 166,725.40 199,136.40 150,510.25

13.48

16.51

1.54

2.12

-1.47

19.44 -24.42

41,272.30

47,713.10

53,275.70

59,102.60

61,050.10

65,855.90

75,075.60

69,043.27

15.61

11.66

10.94

3.3

7.87

5.

18,092.10

16,716.40

17,510.90

16,938.90

11,814.80

12,278.80

15,969.90

13,800.00

-7.6

4.75

-3.27

-30.25

3.93

6.

1,860.00

2,107.00

2,289.40

7,167.30

5,923.30

7,355.80

1,280.80

3,523.68

13.28

8.66

213.0
-17.36 24.19 -82.59 175.11
6

1.
2.
3.

4.

2545

2546

2547

2548

2549

(%)
2550

2551

2552

313,268.50 324,675.80 380,379.80 434,773.40 432,474.50 415,993.60 476,966.00 415,324.90


895.9

1,089.70

2,044.10

1,234.30

1,492.40

1,233.70

2,799.90

1,914.21

: (Menucom )

14

2552

-3.38

-8.04

30.06 -13.59

2-6

2.1.2

2551 776,056
25.99 29.03
1.64 2550 ( 2.1)
2.1 () 2549 2551

:
2551 4
o
1 84,196
20%
o

1 64,555 47%
o
1 50,275
25%
4

<http://fic.nfi.or.th/th/thaifood/default.asp>

2-7

1 10.2
203,255 33% ()

1 24,237
45%
3
214,177 8%
3
4,843 19%


2550 92.18
25.97 25.92
EU (27 ) 25.87 9.77
19.50
( 2.2)
2.2 2551 ( 2550)

2-8

27
( ) 2.4 2552
(27) 10

27 2552 2.5
10

2-9

2.4 (, , ) 15 (27)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

15

:
2545

2546

7,459.5
8,014.4
3,160.3
582.3
2,980.1
176.6
4,383.5
991.2
1,268.8
807.9
372.3
384.2
401.7
132.5

8,278.2
11,933.2
3,800.3
306.4
3,705.6
190.4
6,029.6
1,104.4
1,334.2
742.6
408.7
474.7
445.1
155.1

2547

2545
9,182.6 12,799.0 14,542.3 16,926.0 25,055.0 21,848.0 -

15,538.2
4,606.1
686.0
3,799.8
370.8
7,850.8
1,124.5
1,546.7
787.4
554.8
477.3
512.9
186.7

2548

16,270.2
4,121.3
1,088.0
3,964.2
723.1
2,085.8
1,880.0
1,957.1
843.2
677.2
512.7
588.9
175.0

2549

(%)

20,825.4
5,091.8
2,201.1
4,077.3
1,073.3
2,672.0
2,482.0
1,899.8
643.4
755.4
523.7
453.0
203.4

2550

2551

2552

19,754.7 21,781.2 10,870.4


7,284.7 12,306.6 10,810.9
3,461.9 5,186.1 6,108.6
4,127.2 4,468.0 3,977.7
1,793.7 2,067.6 1,585.5
9,313.6 7,842.3 1,464.5
2,062.3 2,093.0 1,448.5
1,815.2 1,639.3 1,359.0
837.3 1,018.3 1,096.1
729.6
677.7
732.1
522.8
529.1
539.3
551.0
607.7
459.8
177.8
204.6
419.1

2546

2547

2548

2549

2550

2551

2552

10.98
48.90
20.25
-47.38
24.35
7.79
37.55
11.41
5.16
-8.08
9.79
23.57
10.78
17.08

10.92 39.38
30.21 4.71
21.20 -10.53
123.92 58.59
2.54 4.33
94.76 95.01
30.21 -73.43
1.83 67.18
15.93 26.54
6.04 7.08
35.75 22.06
0.55 7.41
15.24 14.83
20.36 -6.26

13.62
28.00
23.55
102.31
2.85
48.42
28.10
32.02
-2.93
-23.69
11.55
2.15
-23.09
16.20

16.39
-5.14
43.07
57.28
1.22
67.12
248.56
-16.91
-4.45
30.14
-3.41
-0.18
21.64
-12.57

48.03
10.26
68.94
49.81
8.26
15.27
-15.80
1.49
-9.69
21.62
-7.11
1.20
10.28
15.07

-12.80
-50.09
-12.15
17.79
-10.97
-23.31
-81.33
-30.79
-17.10
7.64
8.03
1.93
-24.33
104.87

(%)
2550 2551 2552
2.26 3.25 3.53
2.64 2.83 1.76
0.97 1.60 1.75
0.46 0.67 0.99
0.55 0.58 0.64
0.24 0.27 0.26
1.25 1.02 0.24
0.28 0.27 0.23
0.24 0.21 0.22
0.11 0.13 0.18
0.10 0.09 0.12
0.07 0.07 0.09
0.07 0.08 0.07
0.02 0.03 0.07

35.01

-5.19

0.04

181.6 205.3 269.3 272.4 285.6


291.9
394.0
373.6
13.06 31.16 1.16
4.84
2.20
: (Menucom )

0.05 0.06

2-10

2.5 15 (27)

1
2
3
4

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

:
2545

2546

2547

2548

2549

(%)
2550

2551

2552

(%)

2546

2547

2548

2549

2550

2551

8,859.4 9,834.3 9,652.2 13,057.2 15,895.0 16,828.1 19,733.9 18,192.3


7,853.5 10,204.3 10,184.8 9,736.0 11,601.3 10,655.2 13,574.2 11,713.2
603.2 770.7 1,407.2 2,051.3 2,651.6 2,758.9 3,185.8 3,650.5

11.00
29.93
27.77

-1.85
-0.19
82.60

35.28
-4.41
45.77

21.73
19.16
29.26

5.87
-8.16
4.05

17.27 -7.81 2.25


27.40 -13.71 1.42
15.47 14.59 0.37

2.56 2.94
1.76 1.89
0.41 0.59

620.1

2552

2550 2551 2552

2545

828.2

917.5

1,552.4

2,044.1

3,501.9

3,697.4

3,331.0

33.56

10.79

69.19

31.68

71.31

5.58

-9.91

0.47

0.48 0.54

1,154.8 1,460.6

1,688.8

2,059.7

2,270.3

2,181.8

2,552.7

2,721.2

26.48

15.62

21.96

10.22

-3.90

17.00

6.60

0.29

0.33 0.44

1,941.2 2,134.1
871.0 1,015.0
70.3 332.8
713.6 827.4
164.5 172.3
123.4 10.2
31.0
85.3
65.7 169.9
191.4 217.1
83.9
99.3

2,544.6
1,249.3
271.8
732.9
215.6
80.9
83.8
140.9
215.6
149.2

2,535.6
1,495.2
735.6
706.4
319.4
104.9
119.6
295.3
233.7
114.8

2,655.4
1,638.0
675.8
703.2
345.5
32.1
232.7
134.4
267.5
96.2

2,468.6
1,772.9
694.3
552.2
377.5
113.3
1,339.3
23.6
238.5
177.3

2,609.2
1,982.7
746.5
634.2
551.1
212.2
2,982.3
110.3
258.8
117.4

2,206.8
2,206.8
982.3
618.0
455.3
391.6
384.8
300.0
259.5
114.0

9.93
16.54
373.46
15.94
4.72
-91.69
174.69
158.65
13.39
18.30

19.24 -0.35 4.73 -7.04 5.70 -15.42


23.08 19.68 9.55 8.23 11.84 11.30
-18.33 170.64 -8.13 2.75 7.51 31.59
-11.42 -3.62 -0.45 -21.48 14.84 -2.56
25.12 48.16 8.17 9.26 46.00 -17.38
689.73 29.57 -69.43 253.42 87.28 84.51
-1.76 42.83 94.49 475.63 122.67 -87.10
-17.05 109.52 -54.49 -82.45 367.54 172.08
-0.69 8.41 14.44 -10.81 8.48 0.26
50.22 -23.03 -16.18 84.20 -33.75 -2.96

0.33
0.24
0.09
0.07
0.05
0.02
0.18
0.03
0.02

0.34
0.26
0.10
0.08
0.07
0.03
0.39
0.01
0.03
0.02

: (Menucom )

0.36
0.36
0.16
0.1
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.04
0.02

2-11







(Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures: SPS)5
(Environment Measures)

2.6 (27) 2552


10


2552 2551
2 ()

18.61 ( 2545
2552 )
0.82

2-12

2.6 (27) 10

:
2545 2546 2547 2548 2549 2550
4,184.2 4,644.0 4,439.0 4,961.1 5,326.6 4,797.5

2551
6,234.2

2552 2545
5,253.1
-

2546
10.99

2
3

1,473.4 1,279.4 1,647.2 2,555.2 2,303.0 2,350.1


976.8 921.1 630.0 1,263.3 964.6 1,063.3

2,648.6
1,925.6

2,393.7
2,284.0

-13.16 28.74 55.13


-5.70 -31.60 100.52

-9.87
-23.64

3,318.5 3,894.7 4,624.0 4,413.7 2,825.8 4,165.8

3,042.4

2,177.6

17.36

18.73

-4.55

753.1

6
7

8
9
10

453.7

(%)
2547 2548 2549 2550
-4.42 11.76 7.37 -9.93

2551
29.95

2552
-15.74

(%)
2550 2551 2552
1.15 1.31 1.26

2.04
10.23

12.70
81.09

-9.62
18.61

0.56
0.26

0.56
0.40

0.58
0.55

-35.98

47.42

-26.97

-28.43

1.00

0.64

0.52

495.5

916.7

1,013.0 1,369.0

1,335.6

1,027.6

-39.76

9.23

84.99

10.51

35.14

-2.44

-23.06

0.33

0.28

0.25

192.0 188.5 248.1


1,008.8 1,598.2 1,745.7

313.1
848.3

367.1
544.3

399.4
438.6

613.4
517.1

582.3
476.5

-1.84
58.43

31.63
9.23

26.21
-51.41

17.26
-35.83

8.80
-19.42

53.55
17.89

-5.07
-7.85

0.10
0.11

0.13
0.11

0.14
0.11

373.6
121.3
70.8

496.9
154.2
139.0

536.2
315.2
181.3

492.9
629.4
176.9

495.5
336.3
261.7

434.5
339.1
209.5

-8.46
-10.39
33.02

32.59
11.68
17.54

9.58
27.05
25.55

7.92
104.39
30.42

-8.08
99.67
-2.45

0.51
-46.57
47.95

-12.30
0.82
-19.94

0.12
0.15
0.04

0.10
0.07
0.05

0.10
0.08
0.05

342.0
108.7
94.2

453.4
121.4
110.7

: (Menucom )
( 1-10 3)
*

2-13

2.1.3









3
1
2
3 (
)
3
2545 2552
(27 )

1
2545 2552 2.7
8 3
14,511.32 5,950.98
4,849.80
3 2551 2550
2552 2551

2-14

2.7 2545 2552

()

2545

n
n
n

2546

2547

2548

2549

2550

2551

16,926

25,055

2552

2545-2552 2545-2552

7,459.50 8,278.20 9,182.60 12,799.0 14,542.3

4,091.00 4,395.40 3,717.60 4,845.10 6,093.50 7,531.30 9,827.90 7,106.06

5,950.98

39,438.61

3,630.40 4,622.60 4,514.60 3,922.50 5,032.70 5,017.20 7,126.30 4,932.11

4,849.80

12,528.09

2,442.90 2,810.50 3,058.90 4,905.60 4,695.30 2,915.50 3,096.40 2,862.50

3,348.45

17,423.82

1,900.60 2,847.40 2,817.80 2,705.00 3,399.70 2,296.20 2,864.90 3,689.56

2,815.15

4,951.14

1,161.00 1,428.50 2,884.20 3,844.20 4,205.30 5,801.33

2,610.22

36,065.32

1,664.60 1,956.80 1,930.30 2,269.90 2,665.50 4,228.20 5,022.60

2,578.43

31,837.38

2,452.55

39,334.81

0.1019

1,772.00

6,822.38

991.2

1,104.40 1,124.50 1,880.00 2,482.00 2,062.30 2,093.00 1,448.51

1,648.24

12,533.74

757.2

1,069.80 1,465.70 1,418.70 1,413.70 1,521.90 1,649.00 1,308.83

1,325.60

3,465.71

1,089.63

1,860.22

1,052.90

6,488.55

27.68

818.38

EU

741.3

100%

889.5
582.3

815.9

306.4

5,921.00 7,157.90

686
665.1

734.6

874.2

582.8

811.8

903.2

15.2

23.7

20.7

21,847.97 14,511.32

1,088.00 2,201.10 3,461.90 5,186.10 6,108.62


293.4

126.3

11.1

1.1

1,012.70 1,155.50 1,197.50 1,427.50 1,224.50 1,090.54


1,049.90 1,078.40 1,507.10 1,380.50 1,109.53
35.1

31.4

46.6

36.8

11.9

n 1
o 2
:
(Menucom )

29,405.62

2-15



2545 2552
2552
1,308.83
25.64
13.88 8.86 6.24
1
2

2545 2552 2.7 100%

2545 2552
2
EU (27)

100%
2,578.43
31,837.38

2,452.55
39,334.81

27.68
818.38
3 (
) 3


(ad valorem rate)6 ( .)
(ad valorem duty ; ad valorem tariff ; ad valorem tax)
ad valorem 1,000 15
150

(Specific tax)
()
6

2-16


3
1 4

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
2
3

(1) 100%
(2)
(3)
3 (
) 3
(1)
(2)
(3)

2-17

2.2 ( 1)
2.2.1
2.2.1.1
5 2551 2.5
2.3 7.7
3.95 2.75 ( 2.3)
2.3 5

:
93
2
() ()

2-18

2.4 2516 163


2534 (
) 2545 2546
(Nitrofurans) 2546 2547





2.4
2548

2.4

2-19

2516
2534
2538
2539
2540
2541
2544

163
()
15

25
(White Paper on Animal Welfare)
2545 (Nitrofurans) (Chloramphenicol)
2546
2547
200,815 22,602
- 26,547 1,749
-
174,268 20,853
2550
: ()

2551 4 7 ( 1)
( 2) ( 3) 5

2551
4


2552
48.02
46.23 ( ) 5.75 ( 2.5)
3 ()
2551
7

2-20

2.5 2552 ()

:
(Menucom )
2551



2552
2552

2.6 (27 )

:
(Menucom )

2-21

2.7
() 2552
14,246.89



2.7 2550 2552
(: )

:
(Menucom )
2.2.1.2




2-22

28 (World Trade Organization: WTO)


57% (
16023929)

WTO

8 160,033
1,024 53
8 1 2550
92,610 15.4
1,300 ( 2.8)

2547


1,024


92,610 15.4
2547

8

: ( 2623), 52:
..., 4 2552.
8

2-23

2.8 ( 1 2550)

(%) ()
*
15.4
264,245
92,610
170,087

8
250,953
160,033
73,000

515,198
252,643
243,087
:
* 2
WTO
8 5
1 5
25% ( 16023290)
() 57% ( 16023921)
() 57% ( 16023929)
() 25% 57% (
16023940)
25% ( 16023980)
1 (16022010)


WTO 8

2-24

(1)

(2)


1 2547
2551
2.5






- (Japan-Thailand Economic Partnership Agreement:
JTEPA)


2551 2


9

2-25



2.2.1.3 SWOT Analysis
SWOT






(Strengths)
1.
2.
(Weaknesses)
1. ( )






2-26

(Opportunities)
1. 160,033
63.77 250,953

10.9 8
2.
(Compartmentalization)


92,610 264,245
15.4 1,300 ( 2.8)
3. (/)

(Threats)
1.

2.


1,024
92,610

92,610

3.

2-27

2.2.2
2.2.2.1


80
1
2.8
2552 52,083.39
1,526.6 14.67 2551
10

2.8

: World Trade Atlas


2552 11
23.49
( 13.64) ( 8.23) ( 7.36) ( 7.14) (
6.35) ( 6.05) ( 2.9)


(96.2%) (1.0%) (0.7%)
10
11

2-28

2.9 2552 ()

:
2547 2551


2552
2551 27.69
7,106.10
2.10 (27 )

:
(Menucom )

2-29

2.11
()
2552 1,817.20
2552
2.11 2550 2552
(: )

:
(Menucom )

90 10

80

/12

12

: , , 29 2550.

2-30


2 (Tuna in oil)
(Tuna in Brine) 3
(Albacore) (Yellow Fin) (Skipjack)


82
13 4

13
2.2.2.2


12 24
(African Caribbean
and Pacific countries: ACP) 0






14

: , , 29 2550.
: , 52 : 7.9 ... 51
<http://www.positioningmag.com/prnews/prnews.aspx?id=77928>
13
14

2-31





2 3 ACP 14 1 3
( , 2550)


/ /


IUU Fishing (Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing)
1 2553
(
)


(IUU) (Catch Certificate)

IUU
IUU /
IUU
15
IUU (Traceability)
(Supply Chain)


50
15

2-32

10 2 16 (1)

(2)

(Competent Authority)



(1)



(Frozen Pre-cooked Loins)


17

: http://www.fisheries.go.th/foreign/images/IUU/iuu2.pdf
17
: (2548)
.
.
16

2-33








(Yellow fin) (Albacore)
(Skipjack)







31 2553
(Blue Fin)
1

2-34





49 700

12
(2)


18

2 2551
11 37 19


(Generalized
System of Preferences: GSP)
StarKist



5 2551
4.5

18
19

: < http://www.exim.go.th/doc/newsCenter/6809.pdf>
: FISH INFOnetwork Market Report <http://www.eurofish.dk/dynamiskSub.php4?id=3213>

2-35

(Albacore)
15


2

4 (Philippines Sea, South China Sea, Sulu Sea Celebes Sea)




GSP
24 12

(Rule of Origin)

2.2.2.3 SWOT Analysis


SWOT

(Strengths)
1.
2.

2-36

(Weaknesses)
1.

2.







80 20
3.

(Opportunities)
1.



(Threats)
1.
(GSP)

20

20 2553

2-37

( HACCP 21 GMP 22 ISO) (


) (Rule of Origin)
( GMOs) IUU Fishing
1
2553

2.

HACCP Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point




22
GMP Good Manufacturing Practice

21

2-38

2.2.3
2.2.3.1




70
1 2551
17,000 ( 2.9)
2.9
2549-2551
:
:

(HS 08043000001)
(HS 08119000001)
(HS 08043000002)
(HS 20060000002)
(HS 20082000001)
(HS 20094100000 +
HS 20094900001 + HS 20094900002)

2549
2550
2551

6,771
80
2,826
51
3,614
45
2,397 142 3,170 137
900
39
965
80
988
154
421
65
27,583 1,361 25,139 1,438 27,341 1,604
593,030 13,369 523,367 13,295 563,040 17,053
187,231 5,242 135,753 4,251 152,793 5,497

2-39

FAO (Food Agricultural Organization of the United Nations)


( 2.12) 2547
42 ( 18) ( 12)
( 7) ( 5) ( 2) ( 3) 7
2.12 ()

: FAO Statistics <http://faostat.fao.org>, 2547


2552
35.47

( 31.26) ( 4.48) ( 3.19)
( 2.83) ( 2.30) ( 2.06) (
1.99) ( 2.13)

2-40

2.13 2551 ()

2.14 2551

42 (.) (2551)
BCG Model

13,000
40 (Star)

(Dogs)
2552
2551 30.79

2552

2-41

2.14 (27 )

:
(Menucom )

2545 2552 2551
20

Edeka Fruchtkontor Atlanta Scipio OGL-Foodtrade
Cobana-Fruchtring Paul Kempowski Dole Food
Del Monte ( , 2552)
2552

()
( 2.15)

2-42

2.15
2550-2552
(: )

:
(Menucom )
2.2.3.2

2-43


23

3
12 2547
( 3
)


2
18 2547
42

5.4
3.7
( 2.8 ) 24

Industry Profile
Exim Bank (www.exim.or.th)
24
53-57... 1 , (12 2553)
23

2-44

DOLE
Del Monte Group ( Del Monte)




(: www.exim.go.th)

7 2547


(WTO) 2544
WTO
2551

()


5 2547



Del Monte

2-45

2.2.3.3 SWOT Analysis


SWOT

(Strengths)
1.

()
2.

3.
Contract Farming



2-46


GMP HACCP BRC 25
IFS26
(Weaknesses)
1.
() ( )

2.
()
2553
(12 2553)
0.38 0.80
1.4 2.7%
3.

4.

5.
( R&D)
SMEs
6.


BRC (British Retail Consortium)
Tesco Sainsburys Safeway
(Food Supply Chain)

26
IFS (International Food Standard)


25

2-47

25 ppm ( 25 )

3 1

27




()
Contract Farming

7.

(Opportunities)
1.

2.

3. GSP

(Threats)
1.
27

-, (10 2553)

2-48

2.


3.


9


15 2550
4.
28
(
)
29 GSP
GSP
GSP

5.

(Anti Dumping)

29
20 2553
28

2-49

2.2.4
2.2.4.1


()
(Canned kernel sweet corn)
(Cream style corn) (corn-on-cob)

(Vacuum pack)
3

2545 2552 30
(..)

2545

2546

2547

2548

2549

2550

2551

2552

1,581.2 2,078.2 2,709.8 3,000.3 3,795.7 4,611.8 4,843.4 5,105.2


()

2552 2.16

25.64 1,308.8
13.88
30

2-50




8.86 ( 6.24)
9 ( 5.94) ( 3.75) ( 3.45)
( 3.43)
2.16 2552 ()

2.17
2548
2551
2551 30
8.35
(Anti-dumping Duty: AD)
12.8

Price Undertaking (
)

2-51

2552

2552 20.63

2.17 (27 )



2545-2547

2547

2548

2-52

2545 2552
2552 632.87
12.40
( 2.18) 2 3
2552 209.53
142.78
2.18
2550 2552
(: )

:
(Menucom )
31

()
28 20 ( 20)

,
(21 2551) <http://news.thaieurope.net/content/view/3060/212/>
31

2-53

2.2.4.2

2545-2547

2547
2548
2549

(Anti Dumping: AD)
2550 3.1-12.9
(AD)




AD 3.1-12.9
2550 32 AD
15





AD
Price Undertaking (
) 12.9

32

: 20 .. - 22 .. 2550

2-54

(Original Equipment Manufacturer: OEM)



AD
4


50 ( )
70
30 AD





1.0
8.9 AD

()
()

2547


2-55




AD 15


(FRUCOM33)


19.7
( 7.8 )
2549
AD 10
10 14 34







35
FRUCOM Fdration Europenne du Commerce en Fruits Secs, Conserves, pices et Miel

(25 2551) < http://news.thaieurope.net/content/view/2918/213/>
35

(21 2551) <http://news.thaieurope.net/content/view/3060/212/>
33
34

2-56



2549 2548 155
2549
10.2
1.0 8.9 AD

2.2.4.3 SWOT Analysis


SWOT




(Strengths)
1.

2. Contract Farming


2-57

(Weaknesses)
1.
2.
3.



(Opportunities)
1.

2.

(Threats)
1.
2.

(AD)

2-58

3.

36
4. (2-3 )
(supply chain)


<http://news.thaieurope.net/content/view/3060/212/>

36

2-59

2.3 ( 2)

2.3.1 100%
2.3.1.1






6


(Thai jasmine rice Thai Hom Mali) 2.19

33


Premium
Grade 3

3

2-60

2.19 2552 ()

22 2545
2 105 .
15 37 92

2
(
) 38
100% 5-10% 15-20% 100%
( 2.10)

. 15 105 105
4-6 %
38

37

2-61

2.10 2545 2552


(: )
2545

(1)
100%
(2)
5-10%
(3)
15-20%

2546
EU

2547
EU

2548
EU

2549
EU

2550
EU

2551
EU

2552
EU

EU

15,165.6 902.2 24,422.9 1,682.70 26,221.3 1,968.50 26,191.4 1,942.50 30,920.9 2,319.20 34,780.8 2,699.8 46,529.3 4,259.10 55,128.48 5,101.50
14,993.0 889.5 24,067.8 1,664.60 25,910.8 1,956.80 26,047.4 1,930.30 30,439.0 2,269.90 33,890.3 2,665.5 45,676.5 4,228.20 53,674.20 5,022.61
169.7

12.6

341.8

17

279.2

7.4

120.4

11.8

261.3

42.8

507.6

28.8

505.2

14.4

905.98

70.68

2.9

13.3

1.1

31.3

4.3

23.5

0.3

220.6

6.4

382.9

5.4

347.5

16.4

548.30

8.20

:
100%
1. 100% 1 () 5%
2. 100% 2 () 15%
3. 100% 3 () 30%

2-62

100% 2
( 1.5 )
41,043 2551
( 2.20 2.21)
2.20 2550 ()

:
2.21 100% 2

2-63





100% 2.22
2545 2552
2548 2551
58.63 100% 2
139,000 2552
2552 18.79
2.22 100% (27 )

100% ( 2.23)
100% 2552
1,430 100%
2 2551 100% 2
10 ( 2.24)

2-64

2.23 100%
2550 2552

(: )

:
(Menucom )
2.24 100% 2 10 2551

:
<www.aftc.or.th>

2-65


100% (HS 100630)
(Export Certificate) (Import
License)

2,500 39



(2553)

80 : 20 80
3
20 2552 2551
10 10
2553
21,455 103
145
3 2,721
2,424 2,019 40

50


( 4) .. 2548, <http://www.dft.moc.go.th/the_files/$$8/level4/ae_rice_eu.htm>
40
: <http://www.thairiceexporters.or.th/mk_rpt/2010/news_6Jan10SDFNPLLL.pdf >
39

2-66

2.3.1.2 100%

41




42





(1)


1.4


42
(2551)
41

2-67

(Po) Piedmont Vercelli, Novara Pavia


90 1 3
2 3

7
(
) ( Risotto )43




(Indica) (Japonica) 56

20


4

3,000
1
35-45 ( 12-15) ( 11)
44

43
44

(2551)
(2553)

2-68


30
(Japonica)
(Indica)
(2)


GMO (Genetically Modified Organisms)

(Basmati rice)



2552


4 5
7
(Mekong River Delta)
9 55 60

2-69

90
(Red River Delta)
30 45


2551 60 3
2549

2551 3.5
( 2551)



45

(2551)

2-70


(Associated Marketing
Services: AMS)

(Food and
Non-food products)

2.3.1.3 SWOT Analysis 100%


SWOT 100%

100%
100%
100%

100%

(Strengths)
1.

2.
3. (
)
(Weaknesses)
1.

2.

2-71

(Opportunities)
1.

(Threats)
1.
2.
3.

2-72

2.3.2
2.3.2.1

3

87

13
( 2.25)

2547

(Penaeus vannamei) (Penaeus monodon)

2544


98
2

2-73

2.25 2545 2552



()
2552
44.97
( 19.98)
( 13.25) ( 5.53) ( 3.50)
(9 ) ( 2.82)

2-74

2.26 2552 ()




(GSP) 2
1 2549
4.2 ( 12) 7
( 20)

700,000
50 (
2.11)

2-75

2.11

2540 ( GSP)
2540 2541 ( GSP 50%)
2542 ..2548 ( GSP
100%)
.. 2548 2554 ( GSP)

(%)
4.5
6.0
9.7
13.5
12
20.0
4.2
7.0

: (2552)



2545
( 2.27)
2.27 2545 2552

2-76

2.28
2545
2546 306
(GSP)
GSP
3.5 7.5
12.0 13.2 ( 03061350
03061380) 20 ( 16052010 16052091)

()

2540 2546
2547 2551
5,186 GSP
1 2549 2551 4.2
7
2552 6,108.6
2.28 (27 )

2-77


(Penaeus Vannamei)

2552
1,540
1,244 1,108 981 ( 2.29)
2.29 2552
(: )

:
(Menucom )

27 450



2-78





(Traceability) EU Rapid Alert System on Food and Feed

2.3.2.2












2




2-79



10
20
(27)
2.3.2.3 SWOT Analysis
SWOT





(Strengths)
1.
2.
(Weaknesses)
1.
2.

2-80


100% 46


47




GMP

HACCP ( 20 2553)
(Opportunities)
1. 30



(Threats)
1.


2532

( 20 2553)
47
18 15
46

2-81

2.3.3
2.3.3.1




2552
52.63 316
38.73 233 (
2551 1 )
4.13
1.99 ( 2551 4.72)
(9 ) ( 2.30)

2545 2552 ( 2.31)


2550

2-82

2.30 2552 ()

2.31 2545 2552

2-83





48
2.32
2545 2552 2551-2552
36.75 2551 11.92 2552
2551 67.56
2.32 (27 )

48

22 2553

2-84


2.33 2552
5.1
2.33 2552
(: )

:
(Menucom )

2.3.3.2
10 (FAO, 2547)
592.9 2545 778.9 2551
( )

2-3

()
()

2-85




49





2.3.3.3 SWOT Analysis


SWOT

(Strengths)
1.
2.

49

22 2553

2-86

(Weaknesses)
1.
2.
3.
4.

(Opportunities)
1.

2.

(Threats)
1.

2-87

2.4 ( 3)

3

3
(
)

(ad valorem rate) ( .)


2.4.1

4 (..
2520-2524) ( 10
.. 2550-2554)




2-88

2.4.1.1
2551



(Over supply) 2551
19,243 530,000
2,568 1,100 /
42.8
1,353 /
52.7 115 /
4.5

2551
14.50 / 18 /
2548 2549


2-89


2551

2551 2552

2552




(FTA)


2547 0 2568




(WTO)

80
(UHT Ultra Heat Treatment)
(Sterilized Milk)

2-90




50



()

32

2551


2.34
2552 4,576.87 47.37

(1,622.63 16.79) (961.71
9.95)


(Re-export)


2552 980.46 22.50
.

50

, <http://fic.nfi.or.th/th/thaifood/product52-dairy.asp>

2-91

2.34 2552
( : , : )
2552

2552

2.35 (27 )

2-92

2545 2552
2.35
2550
2552 2,177.6
28.43

FTA FTA

2.4.1.2





(AFTA)
0 1 2553 4
.




2.4.1.3 SWOT Analysis


SWOT

2-93

(Strengths)
1.

2.

(Weaknesses)
1.

2.

3.

4.
5.

6.
(Opportunities)
1.

2.

(Threats)
1.
(WTO) (FTA)

2-94

2.

3.

2.4.2

4
(red meat)



3
-
51

2.4.2.1

(Steer) (Heifer)
1 3 (Cow)
3 8 (Beef)

51

2-95

200


ThaiFrench

2
(1) 6
(Beef Pro) (Thai French)
(KU Beef)
/Supermarket Franchise

(2)
/


2551 2.12

2-96

(.) .

(Anthrax)
2.12 2551

(Beef)

2,125,059
394,595,795
1,479,186
281,719,591
580,101
95,396,079
36,817
13,117,141
24,121
3,651,878
4,834
711,106

2.4.2.2







(Animal Welfare)
GLOBALGAP

2-97


(World Organization for Animal Health
Office International des Epizooties: OIE)
GMP HACCP


AFTA

2.4.2.3 SWOT Analysis


SWOT

(Strengths)
1.
2.

(Weaknesses)
1.

2.

2-98

3.

(Opportunities)
1.


(Threats)
1.
2. (Foot and Mouth
Disease: FMD)

2.4.3


2.4.3.1
(FTA) 2546





2-99





0
GSP
5.8 2.3 8.8 5.3

16.5
115.3 100
11.2
23.8 100 52

80 80
6-7


(, 2553)

52

, , 2553.

<http://www.exim.go.th/export_directions.asp>

2-100

2.4.3.2 SWOT Analysis


SWOT




(Strengths)
1.
2.

(Weaknesses)
1.

(Opportunities)
1.



(Threats)
1.


2.

3-1

3.1

27

4
4

4
( )




2
3 (Primary
legislation) (Secondary legislation) (International
agreements) 2
(National/Federal legislation) (Local legislation)

(Treaties)

3-2





(Constitution)
27

3.1

(Primary legislation)
(Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe)
(Treaty establishing the European Community : EC Treaty)
(Treaty on European Union : EU Treaty)
(Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community)
(Accession Treaties)
(Other Treaties and Protocols)
- (Treaty establishing European Coal and Steel Community)
- (Single European Act)
- (Treaty of Amsterdam)
- (Treaty of Nice)
- (Greenland Treaty)
- (Merger Treaty) (
)
- (Treaty amending certain financial provisions)
- (Protocol on the Netherlands Antilles)

(International Agreements)
-
(Agreements with third countries or
international organizations)
- (Association agreements)
- (Cooperation
agreements)
- (Trade agreements)
- (Agreements

(Second legislation)
(Regulation)
(Directive)
(Decision)
(Other instruments)
- (Recommendation)
- (Opinion)

3-3

(Regulation)
(Directive) (Decision) (Recommendation)
(Opinion) (Recommendation) (Opinion)

3 (Regulation)
(Directive) (Decision)
(
)

3
(Regulation)
(Directive) (Decision)

Regulation


Regulation
Regulation
Regulation 174/2002
(General Food Law)
(food) (feed) (food business
operator) (risk)

Directive Decision
Directive


3-4



Directive

Directive Directive
Directive 97/78
2 10
1
5 3
Directive
Directive
Directive
Directive

Decision

Decision



Decision
100
Decision
10
10

3
(Regulation) (Directive) (Decision)

3-5

(Harmonization)



(Food
Safety)

1990
(BSE) (FMD)
(dioxin)


2000 (White
Paper on Food Safety)
3.1.1



From the farm to the fork
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)

3-6




80
1

(General Food Law)
Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the
Council of 28 January 2002

(European Food Safety Authority)


(Hygiene Package)
(Food Hygiene)
Hygiene Package
Hygiene Package 1 2549
178/2002
3.1.2 (Regulation 178/2002)
178/2002


3

15
1997 Regulation EC 258/97 of 27 January 1997 of the European
Parliament and the Council lays out detailed rules for the authorization of novel foods and novel food ingredients.

3-7

1.




(Risk Analysis)
(Precautionary Principle)










(traceability)






2. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)


3-8

EFSA 1
2545 Parma
3.
(the Standing Committee on the Food Chain
and Animal Health : SCFCAH)


(Rapid Alert
System for Food and Feed: RASFF)
EFSA










10

3-9




10
SCFCAH

EFSA
(Crisis unit) EFSA

3.1.3
178/2002




(
) (
Council Directives 65/65/EEC 92/73/EEC) (
Council Directive 76/768/EEC) ( Council Directive
89/662/EEC) ( United Nations Single
Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961 United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances
1971)

3-10

1. (Food of animal origin)






(Fresh meat) (Minced meat)
(Meat preparation)
(Mechanically separated meat) (Blood)
(Fish and crustaceans) (Live bivalve molluscs)
Echinodermata (Echinoderms)





(
) ( ) (
)

2. (Food of non-animal origin)
(
) ( )
3. (Food containing both processed ingredients
of animal origin and ingredients of plant origin)

( ) (Prepared dishes
) ( )
( )

3-11

Hygiene Package 852/2004


(Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the
Council of 29 April 2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs)

20 2547
Council Directive 93/43/EEC

3-12

Part Annex I



-

-
-

Annex II




Annex II


Regulation (EC) No 853/2004

()
HACCP Codex Alimentarius HACCP

3-13

HACCP

Codex Alimentarius







HACCP





Regulation 178/2002

3-14







5

HACCP

Regulation (EC) No 178/2002


1 4 Hygiene package
- Food hygiene
- Specific hygiene rules for food animal origin (Reg. 853/2004)
- Official controls on products of animal origin intended for human
consumption (Reg. 854/2004)
- Animal health rules governing the production, placing on the market and
importation of products of animal origin intended for human consumption (Reg. 882/2004)
3.1.4 (Hygiene Package)
(Hygiene Package)
1 2549
- Council Directive 97/78/EC of 18 December 1997

(organization of veterinary checks of products)

3-15

- Directive 2002/99 of 12 December 2002


- Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council


of 29 April 2004

- Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council


of 29 April 2004
- Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council
of 29 April 2004

- Regulation (EC) No 854/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council


of 29 April 2004

3-16

3.2
(White Paper on Food Safety)


(Regulation 178/2002)

From Farm to Fork


:
-
-
- (Plant Health)
-

(Food and
Feed Businesses)

-
(Traceability)

-
(European Food Safety
Authority: EFSA)
-
(Rapid Alert System
for Food and Feed: RASFF)
-
(Precautionary Principle)
- (Import
Controls)

(Hygiene Package)

Directive 97/78
Directive 2002/99
Regulation 852/2004
Regulation 853/2004
Regulation 854/2004
Regulation 882/2004

-
(Primary production/audit)
-

(Responsibilities of Food Business


Operators)
- (Hygiene
Production) HACCP
- (Health
Certification)
- Microbiological Criteria
-

(Animal Nutrition)

(Biotechnology)
(Biological safety)
(Chemical safety)

(Official controls)

- (DG-SANCO)
-
-
-
(BIPs, Laboratories, Food Safety
Agencies)
- (
)
- /

3-17


Hygiene Package (Animal Health) (Animal Welfare)
(Plant Health) (
)
Hygiene Package
1.
(Competent Authority: CA)
Regulation 882/2004 CA

CA
CA

2549
2.




3.



Article 7 Annex B
(the World Trade Organisations
Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measure)

3-18






Food and Veterinary Office (FVO)




4.
CA

()


(Phytosanitary Certificate) CA
CA
5.
HACCP

HACCP
6.

(Reference Laboratory)
(Reference Laboratory) Regulation 882/2004

(to be accredited)
CA

4

3-19



(The Application on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures: SPS)

(WTO) SPS
SPS Plus

()
(Citrus Fruit)
(Canker) ()

(FTA)
SPS (Shallow Provision on SPS)
(MED) ( Art. 46 for Israel, Art. 51f for Lebanon, Art. 58 for
Algeria, Art. 44 for the Palestinian Authority) (EU-South Africa Trade,
Development and Cooperation Agreement: TDCA) 1999 (The
EU-Mexico Global Agreement) 1997 (The EU-Chile
Association Agreement) 2002 Comprehensive Annex SPS (Annex IV
covers SPS measures applicable to trade in animals and animal products, plants, plant products
and other goods, along with animal welfare)
3.1.5
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1235/2008 of
8 December 2008 laying down detailed rules for implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No
834/2007 as regards the arrangements for imports of organic products from third countries


2 Regulation (EC) No 345/2008 Regulation (EC) No 605/2008
1 2552

3-20


Control Authority () Control
Body ()
1 (
)
Control Authority
Control Body 1
1 2556
7 Third Countries List

8
2



10

3.2



.. 2522
()
.. 2551 (
)

.. 2522

.. 2551

3-21





.. 2522


.. 2551



(General Food Law) Regulation 178/2002


(Food Quality) (Food Safety)
(Food Security) (Food Education)

3-22


11 (..2547)

3-23

..2522


3.3



EU-GSP
3.1
3
1
2
3
1 2

EU-GSP
3.1 3
3.2 3.4

3-24

3.1

(MFN Rate)

86.7 EUR/100 kg
86.7 EUR/100 kg
( HS 160232 )

20.5%
24.0%
(HS 160414 )

15.7-22.1%
19.20-25.6%
(HS 200820)
+2.5EUR/100kg
+2.5EUR/100kg

5.10 % + 9.40 EUR / 5.1%+ 9.4 EUR/100


( HS 200580 )
100 kg/net eda *
kg/net eda *
2

0%
145 EUR/1000 kg
(HS 100630)

0%
12-18%
(HS 030613)
(Present the certificate)

~ 10.20%
~ 10.20%

EU-GSP (GSP Rate)


N/A
20.5%
15.7-22.1%
+2.5EUR/100kg
N/A

0%
4.2-14.5%
6.70%

* kg/net eda = Kilogram drained net weight


: http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/dds/cgi-bin/tarchap?Lang=EN
(Generalized System of Preferences: GSP)
178
(Least Developed Countries) 50 (
)
(High
Income Country)

3-25

GSP 10

1 2549 31 2558
3
1 1 2549 - 31 2551 ()
2 1 2552 - 31 2554
3 1 2555 31 2558

6 (1) (2)
(3) (4) (5)
(6)
3.4


(HS Code)
2
.. 2530 3
3.2
3.2
3
Base Rate (%)
WTO Rate (%)

5-40 %
Quota 5%/
(HS 040291/04002219-290/0404101/0404901)
without Quota 216%

5-60%
50-52%
(HS 0201-0202/020311-29/020610-29/02063049/ 021011-20)

30-60%/ 50 /
30-36%/ 25-30
(HS 0808/0806)

/
:

3-26

4-1

4.1

(Sanitary and Phytosanitary: SPS)







(1) (Participation to an International Organizations)






1) (Office International des Epizooties:
OIE)
2) Codex Alimentarius
3) International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)
(2)
(Adaptation of Laws, Rules and Standards to the Terms of SPS Agreement)

4-2

OIE
Codex IPPC (Risk Assessment)


(3) (Risk Analysis Studies)

(4) (Transparency of Information)




(5) (Reinforcement of
Export Certification Procedures)



(6)
(Reinforcement of Import Inspection and Quarantine Procedures)

4-3

(7) (Modernization of Laboratory


Services)
(Competency)


(8) (Strengthening to
the Information, Surveillance and Alert Service)



OIE
IPPC Codex Alimentarius
FAO WHO
(9)

(Modernization of Procedures for Registering and Controlling of Pesticide and
Veterinary Products)


(10) (Control and Eradication of


Diseases and Pests)


4-4


(Mad Cow Disease Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: BSE)
(Foot and Mouth
Disease: FMD)

(White Paper on Food Safety, 12 2543)


(Food Chain) (From
Farm to Table) (Risk
Analysis) (Traceability)




4.1

4-5

4.1
(, 2543)

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII
XIII
XIV
XV
XVI
XVII
XVIII
XIX

(Priority Measure)
(Feeding Staffs)
(Zoonoses)
(Animal Health)
(Animal by-products)
(Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: BSE / Transmissible
Spongiform Encephalopathy: TSE)
(Hygiene)
(Contaminants)
(Food Additives and Flavourings)
(Materials in contact with food)
(Novel foods/Genetically modified organisms)
(Irradiation of Foods)
(Dietetic foods/food supplements/fortified foods)
(Labeling of Food)
(Pesticides)
(Nutrition)
(Seeds)
(Supporting Measures)
(Third country policy/ International
relations)

4-6

II


(Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed: RASFF)

4.2


(Rapid Alert System for Food
and Feed: RASFF)
(RASFF)
50 51 52 Regulation 178/2002
RASFF

RASFF
27
(European Food Safety Authority: FSA)
(European Free Trade Association: EFTA)
EFTA
EFTA

RASFF
3
1) (Alert
Notifications)
2) (Information
Notifications)
3) (Border Rejection)

4-7

Alert Notifications

(Market Control)






RASFF



Information Notifications ( Non-alert Notifications)

RASFF



Border Rejection
EU

4-8

4.1 RASFF

:
(http://www.europa.eu.int/comm/food/food/rapidalert/workflow.pdf)

RASFF
RASFF
DG-SANCO Notifications

(Country of Origin)

4-9

2009
4.2 RASFF 110





Histamine
Sulphite



Salmonella, E. coli


4-10

4.2 2552
Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF)
Notification
Risk Topic
Product
Report
type
Physical Chemical
Biological
Product group: Cephalopods and products thereof
Border
Squid
Bad hygiene
1
rejection
Clean cuttlefish
Cadmium
1
Product group: Cereals and bakery products
Alert
Rice noodles
Unauthorized GMO
1
Product group: Cocoa and cocoa preparations, coffee and tea
Information Herbal tea, Green tea
Unauthorized Senna
and Garcinia
3
Product group: Dietetic foods, food supplements, fortified foods
Information Diet food
Unauthorized
Pueraria
2
Product group: Fish and products thereof
Information Tuna product
Histamine
4
Border
Frozen cleaned Mackerel Label
1
rejection
Canned Tuna in
Health
vegetable oil
certificate
1
Frozen Surimi
Bad hygiene
1
Canned Mackerel in
Damaged
tomato sauce
packaging
1
Tilapia
Temp control
1
Tuna in soybean oil,
Histamine
Tuna steak frozen
3
Frozen yellow fin Tuna
CO
1

4-11

4.2 () 2552
Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF)
Notification
Product
type
Physical
Product group: Fruit and vegetables
Alert
Broccoli
Morning Glory, Baby corn
Information Mangoes-Yard long beanMorning glory-Auberginecelery-papaya
Dehydrated coconut,
pineapple
Cha-om, Chinese cabbage,
Asparagus, Water spinach,
Mangoes
Canned pine apple-cock
tail
Border
Canned pineapple
Tin
rejection
Mangoes-Aubergines-Yard
long bean
Canned vegetables
Dried Mango
Okra - Banana leaves

Risk from
Chemical

Biological

Pesticide
Salmonella

Report
1
2

Pesticide
12
Sulphite
2
Salmonella
E.coli
7
Foreign body
(Gekko)

2
3

Pesticide
Sulphite
Benzoic acid
Salmonella

6
1
1
2

4-12

4.2 () 2552
Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF)
Notification
Product
type
Product group: Herbs and spices
Alert
Basil leaves - lemon grass
Information Coriander Basil-Chilli
Slice ginger
Ginger pickle

Border
rejection

Physical

Praew, Basil leaves, Peper


mint, Pandang leaf , Sadao
Pennywort, Banana leaves
Coriander,-chilli-Basil
Pickled ginger

Galanga
Product group: Nuts, nut products and seeds
Border
Palm seed in syrup
rejection
Wasabi coated peanut
Product group: Pet food
Information Dog chew
Product group: Poultry meat and poultry meat products
Information Teriyaki on a stick
Fraud expire date
Border
Poultry meat and frozen Bad hygiene
rejection
chicker popcorn

Risk from
Chemical

Biological
Salmonella

Pesticide
Sulphite
Unauthorized
color

Report
2
5
1
2

Salmonella
and E.coli
25
3

Pesticide
Unauthorized
color
Salmonella
Sulphite
Alfatoxin
B1

1
1
1
2

Enterobacteri
aceae

1
2

4-13

4.2 () 2552
Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF)
Notification
Product
type
Physical
Product group: Prepared dishes and snacks
Border
Desert
rejection

Risk from
Chemical
Unauthorized
color

Product group: Soups, broths and sauces


Information Fish sauce
Histamine
Border
Fish sauce
Histamine
rejection
Product group: Food contact materials
Alert
Yellow curry paste
Migration of
soybean oil
from lid
Border
Cutlery
Migration of
rejection
chromium
and stainless
steel
: RASFF, 2553

Biological

Report

1
1
1

4-14

4.2.1
4.2.1.1



EFSA (European Food Safety Authority)

EFSA

4.2.1.2




(
Council directive 89/107 94/36/EC
94/35/EC)
4.2.1.3

(EC 1881/2006 EC
629/2008)
4.2.1.4

4-15


(2002/16/EC; 2002/72/EC; 2007/19/EC)
(Waste management)
(Reuse) (Recycle)
(94/62/EC)
4.2.1.5




(2000/13/EC;
2002/67/EC; 2005/26/EC; 2007/68/EC; 90/496/EEC; 2003/120/EEC; Regulation 1829/2003;
Regulation 1924/2006) (Regulation 2092/91)
(2002/46/EC; 2006/37/EEC)
(Regulation 1925/2006)
(Regulation 1760/2000)

(Country of Origin Labeling)



1.
(General Food Labeling) Directive 2000/13/EC



(mandatory)

4-16

2.
Directive 2000/13/EC
Directive 79/112/EEC
Council Directive 90/496/EEC
Commission Regulation (EC) 1825/2000

3.







30 2551
(Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of
the Council on the provision of food information to consumers Food
Information Regulation) Directive 2000/13/EC
Council Directive 90/496/EEC
(Simplifying)

4.
(Country of Origin Labeling)
(Directive 2000/13/EC)

4-17

(Mandatory)
(Provenance)

(


)
(Voluntary)
5.


6.
Food Information
Regulation

6.1

6.2 ( )



4-18

6.3 (Multi-ingredients food)


(Main ingredients)

6.4 Made in E.U.

7.

(
)



Directive 2000/13/EC




8.

(mandatory)

8.1
(Traceability)
8.2
(Sourcing)

8.3

4-19

8.4

EC
Food Information Regulation (discussed)

(Council) (European
Parliament)
4.2.1.6


(Regulation 258/97) (Regulation 2092/91;
605/2008/EC) (Regulation
1830/2003
)
4.2.2

(Sanitary and Phytosanitary)


(1)


(Phytosanitary certificate) (Pest free area)
(Restriceted quarantine plant)
(Regulation 2000/29)
(2)
Hazard based regime Risk-based approach

4-20

(79/117/EEC, 91/414/EEC)
4.2.3

- African horse
sickness, African swine fever , Foot-and-mouth disease, Avian influenza, Bluetongue, Certain fish
diseases, Certain mollusc diseases, Classical swine fever Newcastle disease

(1)
(Health certificate) (
2001/598/EC, 96/181/EC, 96/387/EC, 96/712/EC, 97/593/EC, 2002/251/EC)


Bovine tuberculosis, Bovine brucellosis,
IBR/IPV (Artificial Insemination + embryo units), Ovine and caprine brucellosis (B. melitensis),
Enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL), Aujeszky's disease, Salmonella pullorum, Salmonella gallinarum,
Anthrax, Maedi/Visna and CAEV, IBR/IPV (other types of enterprise), Johnes disease
(paratuberculosis), Mycoplasma gallisepticum, CBPP, African swine fever, swine vesicular
disease, endemic classical swine fever, Infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN), Heartwater,
babesiosis and anaplasmosis , Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA)
Bluetongue in endemic or high risk areas
Rabies, Echinococcosis, Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)

4-21

(2)
(Health certificate)

(Good Hygiene Practice)
( 94/325/EC, 91/493/EEC, 95/178/EC)
- (Animal welfare)


(Rearing systems for laying hens; 1999/74/EC, protection of animals during transport; 95/29/EC
91/628/EEC, Protection of animals at the time of slaughter; 93/119/EC)
4.2.4

(DG-SANGO)


RASFF


(2001/22/EC;
1883/2006/EC; 98/53/EC; 2002/26/EC; Regulation 333/2007)
(EU-MRL1, Regulation 396/2005)


Salmonella , E. coli, Campyrobacter, Listeria

1

MRL Maximum Residue Level

4-22


4.3
4.3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

lettucespinach

-
194/97/EC
EC/446/2001

2007/27/EC

Regulation 1881/2006
Tolyfluanid
2007/27/EC
malachite green
Histamine

Salmonella

4.2.5

(1301/2006/EC, Regulation 616/2007)
4.2.6


International Phytosanitary Measure (ISPM) 15
(International Plant Protection Convention, IPPC)

4.3

4-23




EUR-Lex (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/index.htm)





4.4
4.4

1
2

5
6
7

4-24





4.3.1
4.3.1.1

(1) Aflatoxins (2) Ochratoxin A
(3) Patulin (4) Fusarium toxins
(cereals and cereal products) (dried fruit) (dried vine fruit) (dried figs)
(groundnuts) (nuts)
(spices) (baby foods)

-
- MRLs Codex Alimentarius
EU
4.3.1.2 (MRLs)

MRL EU MRLs
Database MRL
(EU Scientific Committee on Plants)
(Acceptable Daily Intake: ADI)





4-25

4.3.1.3

4.5
4.5

2001/22/EC , 1883/2006/EC
, 2002/26/EC ,
1998
98/53/EC
Regulation 333/2007
Commission Decision
Decision

2001
2008/387/EC, 2002/459/EC
2001/881/EC

Commission Regulation
Regulation (EC)
(EC) No 212/2010
2004
No 882/2004 Regulation (EC) No

669/2009
76/895/EEC, 86/362/EEC,
Regulation
MRL
2005
86/363/EEC, 90/642/EEC
396/2005
Commission Regulation

Regulation (EC)
(EC) No 629/2008

2006
No 1881/2006
Commission Regulation

(EU) No 165/2010

4-26

4.5 ()

2007

2007

2008

2009

Commission
Regulation (EC)
No 1126/2007
Commission
Regulation (EC)
No 1441/2007
Commission
Regulation (EC)
No 542/2008
Commission
Regulation (EC)
No 152/2009


Fusarium

Regulation (EC) No
1881/2006

Regulation (EC) No
2073/2005

Council Regulation
(EEC) No 2377/90

Regulation (EC)

2009
No 669/2009

Regulation (EC)
2009
No 1107/2009
Commission
2010 Regulation (EU)
No 37/2010
4.3.2

International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)

4-27





4.6
4.6

1994

2002

94/62/EC

2002/16/EC

2002/72/EC,

2007/19/EC

Directive
2002/72/EC



Regulation No

2004
1935/2004

Regulation (EC)
2006
No. 2023/2006

2002

2007

Regulation (EC)
No.372/2007

Commission

2009 Regulation (EC)

No. 450/2009

Commission Regulation
(EC) No 975/2009
2002/72/EC ,
2007/19/EC ,
2008/39/EC
Commission Regulation
(EC) No 282/2008
Commission Regulation
(EC) No.597/2008

4-28

4.3.3






4.7
4.7

Council Directive
1990
90/496/EEC

Regulation

1991
2092/91

(General
Directive
Commission Directive
Food Labeling)
2000
2000/13/EC
2008/5/EC

Regulation

2000
1760/2000

Commission

2000 Regulation (EC)

1825/2000

2006/37/EEC
2002 2002/46/EC

Directive
1979
79/112/EEC

4-29

4.7 ()

Regulation
2003
1830/2003

Regulation
1925/2006

2006


2000/13/EC, 2002/67/ EC,
2005/26/EC, 2007/68/EC,
90/496 EEC,
2003/120/EEC, Regulation
1829/2003, Regulation
1924/2006

Commission

Directive 2000/13/EC
2007 Directive

2007/68/EC

4.3.4


(MSG)


4.8

4-30

4.8

Council Directive
1989
89/107
1994 94/36/ EC

1994 94/35/EC

1999

Decision
1999/217/EC

Commission
2008 Directive
2008/60/EC
Commission
2009 Regulation (EC) No.
953/2009

1997, 2003/115/EC ,
2004 ,2006/52/EC,
2009/163/EU

Commission Decision
2008/478/EC

4.3.5

4-31

Salmonella



4.9
4.9

1978 79/117/EC
1991 91/493/EEC

1991 91/628/EEC

Regulation 616/2007

Council Directive

98/58/EC

2001 2001/598/EC

1998

Regulation (EC)
2003
No. 2160/2003
2005

Regulation (EC)
2074/2005

2006 1301/2006/EC

Commission Regulation
Salmonella
(EC) No. 646/2007 (EC)

No.1177/2006

94/325/EC, 95/178/EC

4-32

4.9 ()

Council
2007 Regulation (EC)
No. 834/2007

Commission
2008 Regulation (EC)
No. 1250/2008

2009 EC 620/2009
2009

Regulation (EC)
No. 1107/2009


96/181/EC, 96/387/EC,
96/712/EC, 97/593/EC,
2002/251/EC Commission
Regulation (EC) No.
1235/2008

Regulation (EC) No.


345/2008 Regulation
(EC) No. 605/2008

4.3.6


-

-

-

4.4

4-33





4.10 4.11

4-34

4.10 :

1.
1.1

ISO 9001

ISO 9001

2.
2.1
HACCP / BRC / HACCP / BRC / IFS

IFS,
2.2

2.3

ISO 9001

ISO 9001

HACCP / BRC

HACCP / BRC

Aflatoxin


HACCP BRC IFS

2.4

2.5

3.
3.1

4-35

3.2
4. -
4.1

4.2

plant health certificate ,

5.
5.1
EU-MRL
ISO-17025 LAB

6.
6.1
Antidumping

7.

4-36

EU-MRL

EU-MRL

EU-MRL

ISO 17025 LAB

ISO-17025 LAB

ISO-17025 LAB

Antidumping

packing

4-37

4.11 :

1.
1.1

ISO 9001

ISO 9001

ISO 9001

HACCP, BRC, IFS

HACCP / BRC

Malachite green

2.
2.1
ACP, HACCP,

BRC, IFS,
2.2

2.3

HACCP BRC IFS

2.4

4-38



EU
- EU

2.5

2.6

(Competent authority)
3.
3.1

4.
4.1
-

4.2

4.3


10


ACP

5.
5.1
EU-MRL

ISO-17025 LAB

6.
6.1

7.

4-39

EU-MRL

EU-MRL

ISO 17025 LAB

ISO-17025 LAB

GSP

packing

4-40


Carbon
foot print Water foot print

4.5

(.)
(SPS)





1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

4-41


. (Competent Authorities: CAs)




4.2
4.2

4-42


(Illegal Unreported
and Unregulated IUU Fishing) 29 2551
1 2553


500,000
800,000 IUU


IUU
(Catch Certificate)
IUU
IUU




300 2551

23
2
2552


(DG MARE)
2552

4-43

(Catch Certificate)
1.5 2-3
36,000



37
13,000

IUU
43

( 50
)


(
20 30 simplified catch certificate)

IUU

4-44


IUU









4.3

4-45

4.3

:
5 2552

(Fresh poultrymeat)
-2 4

4-46

19 2552

Council Regulation (EC) No 1047/2009
Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007

1. Regulation (EC) No
1234/2007 (poultrymeat)


Council Regulation (EC) No 1047/2009
(poultrymeat preparation and products)


(fresh poultrymeat preparation) (fresh poultrymeat)

2. Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007
( Class A A1 A2)
Council Regulation (EC) No
1047/2009

(UK)
UK 150
chilled meat preparation

(ready meal)

1 2553

(
)

4-47




4.4
4.4

4-48





Commission Regulation (EC) No 669/2009 of 24 July 2009
implementing Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council as
regards the increased level of official controls on imports of certain feed and food of non-animal
origin and amending Decision 2006/504/EC
25 2553
3 (Yard long bean)
(Aubergines) (Brassica vegetables)

50% 10%
3

GAP
GMP

26 2553
3 50% 1
( ) 50%
(in general) 50%

Common entry document
3 Common entry document 3
Common entry document

4-49


EU

2000
White Paper
on Food

Safety


From the farm to the
fork European
Food Safety Authority (EFSA)

2000
2002

Directive
2000/13/EC

(labeling)
(presentation) (advertising)

Regulation
(EC)

No 178/2002 3
1. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)


2. (the Standing
Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health : SCFCAH)
3.
(Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed: RASFF)

4-50

EU

2002
Council

Directive

2002/99/EC

2002

Council
Directive
2002/99/EC

2004

Regulation
(EC)
(hygiene of foodstuffs)
No 853/2004 (foodstuffs of animal
origin)
(food and feed)
Regulation
(EC)
(official control)
No 882/2004

2004

2004

Regulation
(EC)

No 852/2004


4-51

EU

2004
Regulation (hygiene)
(EC)

No 853/2004



Regulation (EC) No 852/2004
2008
Commission
Regulation
(EC)
(EU) 2
No
Regulation (EC) No 345/2008 Regulation (EC) No 605/2008
1235/2008 1 2552
2009
Council
Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007
Regulation
(EC) No

1047/2009
1.
(poultrymeat preparation
and products)


(fresh poultrymeat preparation)
(fresh poultrymeat)

2. Regulation (EC) No
1234/2007
( Class A A1 A2)

Council Regulation (EC) No 1047/2009

EU

2009
Commission
Regulation
(EC)
No 669/2009

4-52




25 2553 3
(yard long bean)
(aubergines) (Brassica vegetables)


50%
10%



(SPS)

5-1

3 (1)
(2)
(3)
()

5.1

( 1)
5.1.1
(1)

1.1


1.2 - (Grand Parent Stock)
(Parent Stock)

5-2

1.3

Contract farming

(Animal Welfare)
1)
33 (33 kg/m live weight)
2)

3)
( )
4)
1.4
(2)

2.1
1)
2)
-

30

- 30

-
(Electric Stunning
in Water) 3

5-3



- ()

-


3) GMP, HACCP,
Animal welfare, Halal, Traceability, ISO/IEC 17025, ISO9000, ISO14000
2.2
1)
2)

3)

4)
GMP, HACCP, Halal, Traceability, ISO/IEC 17025,
ISO9000, ISO14000

10
30
(3)

3.1
(Frozen) (Chilled)
24 28
3.2

5-4

(4)


3

ACP
(Assure chicken Production) BRC (British Retail Consortium)
IFS (International Food Standard)
5.1.2
(1)

1.1


3
- (Skipjack)
18-32
3-7
15-25
Yellow-fin Albacore
- (Yellow-fin)

27-60 7-25
18-30

- (Albacore) 15-36
4-15
15-19
13-25

5-5

1.2

(2)


1)
2)

3)

4) 60-90

5)
6)


7)

8)

GMP HACCP
Health Certificate
(MRA)

(3)

1)
2)

5-6

3)


(4)


90

Chicken of the Sea



(Establishment)
(Competent Authority)

(Health
Certificate) Catch Certificate IUU
Fishing 1 2553
5.1.3
(1)


5
2 7

95


1

5-7

(El Nino)

5-8


1.


2.






GAP
3.
(Contract Farming)



Contract Farming


()

5-9

5.1

: * 3
1) (Regular Pack)
58
2) (Heavy Pack)
73
3) (Solid Pack)
78

: Industry Profile
Exim Bank (www.exim.or.th)

5-10

(2)

5.1


4
5.5 6.5




12
(Whole)
(Slices or Rings)
(Half Slices)
(Quarter Slices)
(Chunks)
(Spears or Fingers)
(Tidbits)
(Dices or Cubes)

5-11

(Pieces)
(Chips)
(Crushes or Crisp cut)

3

(Regular Pack)
58

63

(Heavy Pack)

73
(Solid Pack)
78


10

5-12


HACCP GMP ISO 9000 ISO 14000

(Traceability)
(Traceability)

HACCP




(3)

(Distributor) Hyper/Super
markets Distributor
(Private brand) Asia
food importers

5-13

5.1.4
(1)








(Milk stage)
24



(Contract Farming)


(2)







( )
Shelf-life

5-14

(3)




The Mission of Thailand to EC (2008)
3.1 Agents
Commission
2-5%
3.2 Importers

Suppliers/ Exporters



(Re-export)
3.3 Sweet corn processors
3.4 Retail and food service organizations




3.5 Packers

5-15


Suppliers Global GAP,
GFSI, BRC IFS



(GMO)

5.2

( 2)
5.2.1
(1)

1.1 4
5-15

50
50


1.2

0.2
80

5-16

(2)

2.1


5-10
80



80 15-20


80 10-15

2.2

2.3


2.4

5-17

(3)

(4)

10-20


50- 55

5.2.2
(1)

1.1
1.2
1.3







1.4

5-18

(2)

2.1
(Chloramphenicol)
(Nitrofurans)
2.2

2.3
- (Frozen raw shrimp)

-40


- (Frozen cooked
shrimp)
- (Frozen value added shrimp product)

2.4



(Traceability)

5-19

(3)


(Chilled shrimp)
(Frozen shrimp)

(4)

49

(20%) (13.4%)
(Penaeus Vannamei)
EU Rapid Alert System on Food and Feed

240
List of Establishment DG-SANCO
()





5-20

5.2.3
(1)

-

- 500

- 309

- 2 3

- (Brocks improved) 1
4




5

, , 157, ,

(Contract Farming)

(2)

2.1

5-21








20 30
18

0.8


25

1 2 1



25




1-5


5-22

2.2








(Disinfectant)
50 ppm

Control atmosphere
12 2
95

(3)

(Rotterdam)


2
Rhine Meuse
(Antwerp)





Water footprint

5-23

5.3

( 3)
5.3.1
(1)

1.1 5
(Ayrshire) (Brown Swiss) (Guernsey)
(Holstein-Friesian) (Jersey)
1.2

60

(2)

2.1

20,000



2 (1)
(Stall barns)
(2)
(Free stall barn)

5-24

2.2

2.3 2
30 50



2
4
24

(
(.)

)
2.4

2.5 ()
11 CP

500 600





4

5-25




(Methylene blue and Resazurin tests)

(3)

()

113

38.23 62.77
(4)

2
3

4.1 (Pasturized milk)
65 30
72 16
5 (Pathogens)

3 - 7
10
4.2 (sterilized milk)
100


5-26



(cooked flavour)
4.3 (Ultra High Temperature: UHT)
133 1


5-6

5.3.2
(1)

1.1

1.2


(upgrading) 4
40
60


1.3
1.4 -

5-27

(2)

2.1 //

2.2
200-250



2.3 400


(3)





3.1
50
3.2



35

5-28

3.3




(label)


3-7
7

3.4
1



(marbling)
( 200
)



6-1

Diamond Model
GTAP 7.0


6.1

3 Diamond Model
2
4 1)
2) 3) 4)
2 1)
2) /

6-2








Diamond Model

/

/
Diamond Model



/
Diamond Model

2

6-3



6.1.1 ( 1)
6.1.1.1
Diamond Model






1)

(Carbon Footprint) 2)

3)
(Outsourcing)


2


6-4


1)


2) OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer)



28 WTO
57 ( 16023929)

10.9
8

4 1)
1,024

2 ) 3)
(SPS)
4)


2
1)

25 2553
Processing Plant (Code = PP) 2 Meat

6-5

Products (Code = 22) Poultry (Code = A)


59 1
2) (Contract Farming)





25 2,700 2548



( )

11 2552
(Compartment)

(Biosecurity)

6-6


6 1)
2) 3)
4)
5)

6)




59 Contract Farming

Diamond Model

6-7

6.1 Diamond Model

(+)

(-)

(-) 1.
(-) 2.
(-) 3.
(-) 4. EU
(-) 5.
EU
(-) 6.

(+) 1.
(-) 1. EU
(-) 2. OEM

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(+) 3.
(-) 1.

(+) 1. EU
(-) 1.
(-) 2. EU
(-) 3. SPS EU
(-) 4. EU

(+) 1. EU 59
(+) 2. Contract Farming
(-) 1.

6-8

6.1.1.2

Diamond Model
4


2


2 1)
2)

4 1)
80
2)
3)
4)

4
1)
/

2)

6-9

3)



4)

2
1) 2)


IUU Fishing (Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing)
1 2553



() TUF MW Brands Holdings SAS
(MWB) 100% Trilantic Capital Partners MWB
TUF
4 John West, Petit Navire, Hyacinthe Parmentier Mareblu

TUF

6-10


3 1)
(GSP) 24
0
2)


3)


3 1)
2)

3)



4 1)

1.11 (8)
( )
2)
5
FTA
0
3) 19

4)
(GMP HACCP)

6-11

4


4
1)

2)

3)
4)


4
(
)

Diamond Model

6-12

6.2 Diamond Model

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(+) 3. 19

(+) 4.

(+) 1.
(+) 2.

(-) 1.
(-) 2.
(-) 3.
(-) 4.


(+) TUF
MWB TUF

(-) 1.
(GSP)

(-) 2.

(-) 3.

(+)

(-)

(-) 1.
(-) 2.
(-) 3.

(+) 1.

(+) 2.

(+) 3.

(+) 4.

(-) 1.

(-) 2.

6-13

6.1.1.3

Diamond Model


2 1)

2)

(Contract Farming) 60


4 1)
2)


GAP 3)
4)

2 1)
42 2550 2551 2) GSP

6-14



2 1)
2)


2 1)
2)


Monopolistic
2)


2


2 1)
2)


1)
2) 3)
4)

6-15

GSP


Diamond Model

Diamond Model

6-16

6.3 Diamond Model

(+) 1.
(-) 1.

(-) 2.

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(-) 1.

(-) 2.
(-) 3.

(-) 4.

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(-) 1.

(-) 2.

(-) 1.
(-) 2.
(-) 3.

(-) 4. EU

(+) 1.
(+) 2. EU GSP

(-) 1.
EU

(-) 2.

6-17

6.1.1.4

Diamond Model






Contract Farming


2 1)

2)

2 1)

6-18

2)





Anti-Dumping (AD)

6-19

6.4 Diamond Model

(-) 1.

(+) 1. Contract
Framing

(+) 1.
(+) 2.

(-) 1. EU
(-) 2.

(+) 1. EU

(-) 1.

(-) 1.

6-20

6.1.2 ( 2)
6.1.2.1

Diamond Model
4


2


5 1)
2)
3) . 4) .
5) (AFET)
4
1)
(productivity)
2) 3)
4)

2 1)
2)

2
1)
2)

6-21

3)
Everything But Arms
1 2552


2 1) 2)
() (Surveyor)









...
GMP



3
1) 105
JAZZMAN 2)

3)

6-22


100%


4 1)

2) 3)
4)



6
1) 5 (2550-2554)


2)
2
3
(.) (.)
29 (
2-4 )

3)
2553
(G to G)

(Branding)

6-23


GI ()

4) ()
()
27





5)


ANUGA
2 'Thai Hom Mali Rice'


Premium product
2538
6)



1)
2)

6-24

4

1)
2) 3) . 4) .
5) AFET

6-25

6.5 Diamond Model

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(+) 3.
(+) 4.
(+) 5.

(+) 6.

(-)
EU

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(+) 3. .
(+) 4. .
(+) 5. AFET
(-) 1.
(-) 2.
(-) 3.
(-) 4.

(+) 1.

(-) 1. JAZZMAN

(-) 2.
(-) 3.

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(Surveyor)

(-) 1.

(-) 2.
(-) 3.
(-) 4.

(+) 1. EU
(+) 2.
(-) 1.
EU
(-) 2. EU
(-) 3.

6-26

6.1.2.2

Diamond Model
4


2


7
1)

2)

3)

4)

5)
6)
80

7) 3 ()
() ()

6-27



3 1)
2)
/ 3)

1) 50
.. 2545-2550 38

2)
3) (GSP) 1
2549 4.2
7
4)


6-28

1)

(Ready mix)
2)

3) ()
-

4) (Distribution Center)


5)

1)

2)

3)


3
1) 240 List of
Establishment DG-SANCO
2)

6-29


(Traceability)


EU Rapid Alert System on Food and feed

3)


2 1)

2)


4
1)

2)
3)

4)

6-30


8

1) 2 (..2552 2554)

2)


3) Bio Security

4)
5)

European Seafood Exposition 2010 Brussels Exhibition Centre
27-29 2553 (Kitchen of
the World)
6) ... .. 2551
20 2551
GAP (Good Agricultural Practice) CoC (Code of
Conduct)

(Food Safety)
7) (Roadmap of Shrimp)
2552-2554
CoC 50
100,000

6-31

8)



- Infectious Myonecrosis (IMN)
40
8


3 1)


2)
3)

4


1)
2) 3) 4)
5) 6)
7)


3 1)

6-32

2)
3)

Diamond Model

6-33

6.6 Diamond Model

(+) 1. . 8
(+) 2. EU
(-) 1.
(-) 2.

(-) 3.

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(+) 3.
(+) 4.
(+) 5.
(+) 6.
(+) 7.
(-) 1.
(-) 2.
/
(-) 3.


(+) 1. List EU
(+) 2.
(+) 3.

(-) 1. ()
(-) 2.

(+) 1. -
(+) 2.
(+) 3.
(+) 4.
(+) 5.
(-) 1.
(-) 2.
EU
(-) 3.

(-) 1.
(-) 2.
(-) 3.
(-) 4. EU

(+) 1. EU
(+) 2. EU
(+) 3. GSP
(+) 4.
(-) 1. EU

6-34

6.1.2.3

Diamond Model
4


2


2 1)
2)

1)


60-70 KC Fresh
50 2)

3)


4 1)


2)

6-35


3)

4)


(Contract Farming)



3
1)
.. 2553



KC Fresh

2) (Certified
Body)
3)

()
11-15 (
)
(Unit Price)

6-36



1)
2)

KC Fresh
3)
(supplier)


1)
30


5 1)
2) 3)
4)
5)

2 1)
(
)



2)

6-37



1 (.. 2551 - 2554)



3

1) 2)

1)
2) 3) Suppliers

4 1)
2) 3)
4)


2
1) 2)


6-38

6.7 Diamond Model

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(-) 1. ...

(+) 1.
(+) 2.

(-) 1.

(-) 2.
(-) 3.

(+) 1.

(+) 2.

(+) 3. Suppliers EU
(-) 1.

(+) 1.
Contract Farming
(-) 1. EU
(-) 2.
(-) 3.
(
)

(-) 1.
(-) 2.
(-) 3.
(-) 4. EU
(-) 5. EU

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(+) 3.
(+) 4. EU

6-39

6.1.3 ( 3)
6.1.3.1
Diamond Model




2 1)

2)

1)



2)

3)

6-40


1)
2)




1)
AFTA

2)



1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

6-41


3

6.8




6-42

6.8 Diamond Model

(+) 1.
(-) 1.

(-) 2.


(-) 1.

(-) 2.

(-) 1.

(-) 2.
(-) 3.
(-) 4.
(-) 5.

(-) 1. ( /
)
(-) 2.

(-) 1.

()

(-) 2.

(+) 1.

(-) 1.

6-43

6.1.3.2

Diamond Model 4



2

6-44



(.)

3


2
1) 2)


6-45

6.9 Diamond Model

(+) 1.
.

(+) 1.

(+) 1.

(+) 1.

(-) 1.
(-) 2.
(-) 3.

(+) 1.

(-) 1.
(-) 2.

6-46

6.1.3.3

Diamond Model 4



2


2 1)

2)




3 1)

2)
3)


2
1)
2)

6-47







3 1) 2)
3)




3

3
1) 2)
3)



Diamond Model

6-48

6.10 Diamond Model

(+)

(-)

(-)

(+) 1.
(+) 2.
(+) 3.
(-) 1.

(+)

(-) 1.
(-) 2.
(-) 3.

(+) 1.

(+) 2.

(+) 3.

(-) 1.
(-) 2.

6-49

(Macroeconomic variables)
- GTAP ( 1)
6.2


(27 ) GTAP
7.0
GTAP (GTAP Data Packages) 2547

(Macroeconomic variables)
GDP

GDP 2 GDP GDP
0.1078 0.0015
GTAP



86.26 656.01
0.0149
0.000034 ( 6.1)

6-50

6.1

1. ( )
2. ()
3. GDP ()

86.26
0.0149
0.1078

656.01
-0.000034
0.0015

: GTAP



0.0613 0.291

0.0034 0.0117

20.849 ( 6.2)
6.2
:

1.
-0.06132
0.0034
2.
8.687
-20.849
3.
-0.291
0.0117
: GTAP


17.72 3.07 0.22

6-51

5.036
1.37

0.02
0.001 55.011
( 6.3)
6.3

1.
0.2246
0.0161
2.
17.715
-55.0113
3.
3.0682
0.0577
: GTAP

1.3671
0.0033
0.6821
-5.0473
5.0361
0.0013


463.85

1.33 0.23

5.68 2.60
340 ( 6.4)

6-52

6.4

1.
2.
3.
: GTAP

-0.23
2.60
463.85
-340.00
-1.33
5.68



0.059 0.076
0.076

0.0361
0.002 0.0009
( 6.5)
6.5

1.
2.
3.
: GTAP

0.0596
0.0763
-0.0757

-0.0009
-0.0361
-0.0020

6-53


1 :


2


28 WTO
8
160,033







(Non-tariff Barrier: NTB)
Eco Label Carbon Footprint

6-54





1224
ACP
0


24









(Sensitive List)
FTA

Sensitive List

(Anti-Dumping Duty: AD)

6-55

Anti-dumping
House Brand

2 :
100%

100%
100%


92
Government to Government Stock
100%
FTA EU
(Sensitive
List) FTA EU
(Basmati Rice)
EU

EU EU



6-56



NTBs



2
NTBs







3 : (
)

FTA


(Animal Welfare)
GlobalGAP

6-57


zoning AFTA




1 2 1
2 100%


100%

6-58

2
3

1 :
3 1)

2) 3)

Anti-dumping House Brand

2 :
2 NTBs


2 NTBs

3 :

1

Sensitive List

7.1



3
1

2 100%

3




2002
2004
(Hygiene of Foodstuffs)
(Foodstuffs of Animal Origin)
(Food and Feed)


7-2

Salmonella E.coli




Carbon Footprint
Water Footprint

( 1)







( 2)

7-3

( 3)






Diamond Model

1)

2)
3)
4)


1)
2)


1) 2)
()
3)
4)
(Supplier)

7-4


1)
2) Contract Farming

3)

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Global Trade Analysis Programme (GTAP)



GDP

7-5

GTAP

7.2

7-6

3


/
7.2.1
7.2.1.1
1)


92,610 15.4%



2) /





(.)

7-7


Carbon Footprint



(Health Certificate)

7.2.1.2
1)


(
) ACP (
)
2) /
(Traceability)
IUU Fishing

7-8

7.2.1.3
1)

(GSP)
FTA
2) /


() ( )


7.2.1.4
1)

(Antidumping Duty: AD)
2) /

7-9

7.2.1.5
1)

(Sensitive List)
FTA
(Basmati Rice)

2) /



7.2.1.6
1)

2) /

(Health Certification)




7-10

7.2.1.7
1)

2) /
(Contract Farming)


GAP

7.2.1.8
()
1)

7-11

2) /

3 (
)

7.2.2
7.2.2.1

7-12

7.2.2.2

7.2.2.3

Contract Farming

7.2.2.4


7.2.2.5


7.2.2.6



7-13

7.2.2.7



7.2.2.8
3 (
)

(2542).
:
(2542).
5 :
( 4) .. 2548,
<http://www.dft.moc.go.th/the_files/$$8/level4/ae_rice_eu.htm>
(2550).


<http://news.thaieurope.net/content/view/3060/212/>
, (2553) ,
<http://www.exim.go.th/export_directions.asp>
(2551).
( 2549).

(.)
, , 88 ..-.. 2552
(GSEI) (2551).
FTA
()
(2531).

(2551).
SMEs (: FTA
)



(2540).
(20 )
(2550).
FTA

2 (2545).

(2540).
(20 )
( 2544).

(.. 2536-2542).
:

(2532).
()
(2543).
(.. ())


Francois J.F. et al (2005). EU-Developing Country FTAs: Overview and Analysis.

www.acfs.go.th
www.aftc.or.th
www.caer.eco.ku.ac.th
www.comtrade.un.org
www.customsclinic.org
www.dld.go.th
www.ec.europa.eu
www.exim.go.th
www.faostat.fao.org
www.mfa.go.th
www.NetMBA.com
www.nfi.foodfromthailand.com
www.oae.go.th
www.thaipoultry.org
www.thaitangdaen-news.eu
www.trf.or.th
www2.ops3.moc.go.th

-1

.
3
.1 .3 3

1.
2.
3.
.1

(Statutory Rate)

(%)
(ad valorem rate)

04.01

(Specific Rate)

Milk and cream, not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.

0401.10 - Of a fat content, by weight, not exceeding 1%

40

0401.20 - Of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 1% but not exceeding 6%

40

0401.30 - Of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 6%

40

25

10

04.02

Milk and cream, concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.

0402.10 - In powder, granules or other solid forms, of a fat content, by weight, not exceeding 1.5%
- In powder, granules or other solid forms, of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 1.5% :
- - Not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter :
0402.211 - - - Fit for infant feeding according to conditions specified by the Director General of Customs

-2

(%)

(%)

0402.219 - - - Other

25

0402.29 - - Other

25

0402.91 - - Not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter

40

0402.99 - - Other

40

0403.10 - Yogurt

40

0403.90 - Other

40

0404.101 - - - In liquid, including condensed form

40

0404.109 - - - Other

25

0404.901 - - - In liquid, including condensed form

40

0404.909 - - - Other

25

60

..

20.00

- Other :

04.03

Buttermilk, curdled milk and cream, yogurt, kephir and other fermented or acidified milk
and cream, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening
matter or flavoured or containing added fruit, nuts or cocoa.

04.04

Whey, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter;
products consisting of natural milk constituents, whether or not containing added sugar or
other sweetening matter, not elsewhere specified or included.
- Whey and modified whey, whether or not concentrated orcontaining added sugar or other
sweetening matter :

- Other :

04.05

Butter and other fats and oils derived from milk; dairy spreads.

0405.10 - Butter

-3

(%)

(%)

60

0405.901 - - - Butterfat

25

0405.909 - - - Other

60

..

20.00

0406.10 - Fresh (unripened or uncured) cheese, including whey cheese, and curd

60

..

20.00

0406.20 - Grated or powdered cheese, of all kinds

60

..

20.00

0406.30 - Processed cheese, not grated or powdered

60

..

20.00

0406.40 - Blue-veined cheese

60

..

20.00

0406.90 - Other cheese

60

..

20.00

0405.20 - Dairy spreads


- Other :

04.06

Cheese and curd.

: <http://igtf.customs.go.th/igtf/en/main_frame.jsp>

-4

.2

(%)

02.01

(%)

Meat of bovine animals, fresh or chilled.

0201.10 - Carcasses and half-carcasses

60

0201.20 - Other cuts with bone in

60

0201.30 - Boneless

60

0202.10 - Carcasses and half-carcasses

60

0202.20 - Other cuts with bone in

60

0202.30 - Boneless

60

0203.11 - - Carcasses and half-carcasses

60

0203.12 - - Hams, shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in

60

0203.19 - - Other

60

0203.21 - - Carcasses and half-carcasses

60

0203.22 - - Hams, shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in

60

0203.29 - - Other

60

60

02.02

02.03

Meat of bovine animals, frozen.

Meat of swine, fresh, chilled or frozen.


- Fresh or chilled :

- Frozen :

02.04

Meat of sheep or goats, fresh, chilled or frozen.

0204.10 - Carcasses and half-carcasses of lamb, fresh or chilled

-5

(%)

(%)

- Other meat of sheep, fresh or chilled :


0204.21 - - Carcasses and half-carcasses

60

0204.22 - - Other cuts with bone in

60

0204.23 - - Boneless

60

0204.30 - Carcasses and half-carcasses of lamb, frozen

60

0204.41 - - Carcasses and half-carcasses

60

0204.42 - - Other cuts with bone in

60

0204.43 - - Boneless

60

0204.50 - Meat of goats

60

60

60

0206.21 - - Tongues

60

0206.22 - - Livers

60

0206.29 - - Other

60

0206.30 - Of swine, fresh or chilled

60

- Other meat of sheep, frozen :

02.05

Meat of horses, asses, mules or hinnies, fresh, chilled or frozen.

0205.00 Meat of horses, asses, mules or hinnies, fresh, chilled or frozen.


02.06

Edible offal of bovine animals, swine, sheep, goats, horses, asses, mules or hinnies, fresh,
chilled or frozen.

0206.10 - Of bovine animals, fresh or chilled


- Of bovine animals, frozen :

- Of swine, frozen :

-6

(%)

(%)

0206.41 - - Livers

60

0206.49 - - Other

60

0206.80 - Other, fresh or chilled

60

0206.90 - Other, frozen

60

0207.11 - - Not cut in pieces, fresh or chilled

60

0207.12 - - Not cut in pieces, frozen

60

0207.13 - - Cuts and offal, fresh or chilled

60

0207.14 - - Cuts and offal, frozen

60

0207.24 - - Not cut in pieces, fresh or chilled

60

0207.25 - - Not cut in pieces, frozen

60

0207.26 - - Cuts and offal, fresh or chilled

60

0207.27 - - Cuts and offal, frozen

60

0207.32 - - Not cut in pieces, fresh or chilled

60

0207.33 - - Not cut in pieces, frozen

60

0207.34 - - Fatty livers, fresh or chilled

60

0207.35 - - Other, fresh or chilled

60

0207.36 - - Other, frozen

60

02.07

Meat and edible offal, of the poultry of heading 01.05, fresh, chilled or frozen.
- Of fowls of the species Gallus domesticus :

- Of turkeys :

- Of ducks, geese or guinea fowls :

02.08

-7

Other meat and edible meat offal, fresh, chilled or frozen.

0208.10 - Of rabbits or hares

60

0208.20 - Frogs' legs

60

0208.30 - Of primates

60

60

0208.50 - Of reptiles (including snakes and turtles)

60

0208.90 - Other

60

60

0210.11 - - Hams, shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in

60

0210.12 - - Bellies (streaky) and cuts thereof

60

0210.19 - - Other

60

0210.20 - Meat of bovine animals

60

60

60

0210.93 - - Of reptiles (including snakes and turtles)

60

0210.99 - - Other

60

0208.40 - Of whales, dolphins and porpoises (mammals of the order Cetacea) ; of manatees and
dugongs (mammals of the order Sirenia)

02.09

Pig fat, free of lean meat, and poultry fat, not rendered or otherwise extracted, fresh, chilled,
frozen, salted, in brine, dried or smoked.

0209.00 Pig fat, free of lean meat, and poultry fat, not rendered or otherwise extracted, fresh, chilled,
frozen, salted, in brine, dried or smoked.
02.10

Meat and edible meat offal, salted, in brine, dried or smoked; edible flours and meals of meat
or meat offal.
- Meat of swine :

- Other, including edible flours and meals of meat or meat offal :


0210.91 - - Of primates
0210.92 - - Of whales, dolphins and porpoises (mammals of the order Cetacea) ; of manatees and
dugongs (mammals of the order Sirenia)

: <http://igtf.customs.go.th/igtf/en/main_frame.jsp>

-8

.3

(%)

(%)

60

..

50.00

0804.10 - Dates

60

..

50.00

0804.20 - Figs

60

..

50.00

0804.30 - Pineapples

60

..

50.00

0804.40 - Avocados

60

..

50.00

0804.50 - Guavas, mangoes and mangosteens

60

..

50.00

60

..

50.00

60

..

50.00

0805.40 - Grapefruit

60

..

50.00

0805.50 - Lemons (Citrus limon, Citrus limonum) and limes (Citrus aurantifolia, Citrus latifolia)

60

..

50.00

0805.90 - Other

60

..

50.00

0806.10 - Fresh

60

..

50.00

0806.20 - Dried

60

..

50.00

08.03 Bananas, including plantains, fresh or dried.


0803.00 Bananas, including plantains, fresh or dried.
08.04 Dates, figs, pineapples, avocados, guavas, mangoes and mangosteens, fresh or dried.

08.05 Citrus fruits, fresh or dried.


0805.10 - Oranges
0805.20 - Mandarins (including tangerines and satsumas); clementines, wilkings and similar citrus
hybrids

08.06 Grapes, fresh or dried.

08.07 Melons (including watermelons) and papaws (papayas), fresh.

-9

(%)

(%)

- Melons (including watermelons) :


0807.11 - - Watermelons

60

..

50.00

0807.19 - - Other

60

..

50.00

0807.20 - Papaws (papayas)

60

..

50.00

0808.10 - Apples

60

..

50.00

0808.20 - Pears and quinces

60

..

50.00

0809.10 - Apricots

60

..

50.00

0809.20 - Cherries

60

..

50.00

0809.30 - Peaches, including nectarines

60

..

50.00

0809.40 - Plums and sloes

60

..

50.00

0810.10 - Strawberries

60

..

50.00

0810.20 - Raspberries, blackberries, mulberries and loganberries

60

..

50.00

0810.30 - Black, white or red currants and gooseberries

60

..

50.00

0810.40 - Cranberries, bilberries and other fruits of the genus Vaccinium

60

..

50.00

0810.50 - Kiwifruit

60

..

50.00

0810.60 - Durians

60

..

50.00

0810.90 - Other

60

..

50.00

08.08 Apples, pears and quinces, fresh.

08.09 Apricots, cherries, peaches (including nectarines), plums and sloes, fresh.

08.10 Other fruit, fresh.

- 10

(%)

(%)

08.11 Fruit and nuts, uncooked or cooked by steaming or boiling in water, frozen, whether or not
containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
0811.10 - Strawberries

60

..

50.00

0811.20 - Raspberries, blackberries, mulberries, loganberries, black, white or red currants and gooseberries

60

..

50.00

0811.90 - Other

60

..

50.00

0812.10 - Cherries

60

..

50.00

0812.90 - Other

60

..

50.00

0813.10 - Apricots

60

..

50.00

0813.20 - Prunes

60

..

50.00

0813.30 - Apples

60

..

50.00

0813.40 - Other fruit

60

..

50.00

0813.50 - Mixtures of nuts or dried fruits of this Chapter

60

..

50.00

60

..

50.00

08.12 Fruit and nuts, provisionally preserved (for example, by sulphur dioxide gas, in brine, in
sulphur water or in other preservative solutions), but unsuitable in that state for immediate
consumption.

08.13 Fruit, dried, other than that of headings 08.01 to 08.06; mixtures of nuts or dried fruits of this Chapter.

08.14 Peel of citrus fruit or melons (including watermelons), fresh, frozen, dried or provisionally
preserved in brine, in sulphur water or in other preservative solutions.
0814.00 Peel of citrus fruit or melons (including watermelons), fresh, frozen, dried or provisionally
preserved in brine, in sulphur water or in other preservative solutions.

: <http://igtf.customs.go.th/igtf/en/main_frame.jsp>

-1

1.
2.
3.
4.

27 2552
2 2552
4 2552
18 2552

5.
6.

23 2552
19 2553

7.

20 2553

8.
9.
10.
11

22 2553
26 2553
8 2553
20 2553



()
(CPF)

()

(River Kwai International Food Industry Co., Ltd.)
(KC Fresh)

+
+

1.

-2

(Thai Broiler Processing Exporters Association) 1


2551


71
959,000 1 14.8
29
401,000 2551 1.36
920

-
() EU 106,509
EU
EU


EU 28 WTO
57% ( 16023929)
EU
EU

313 .. 22 10500, www.thaipoultry.org


Tel : (66 2) 6382199, 6382881 Fax : (66 2) 6382536 E-mail : packer97@thaipoultry.org

-3

WTO

EU 8%
160,033 1,024
53% 1 2550
EU 92,610
15.4% 1,300
EU
EU
2548
EU
()
EU

25 .. 2552
(OIE) 90
12 .. 2551 OIE
11 .. 2552
EU
90 OIE
EU
EU
Thai EU FTA
EU ( 1 2550)

(%)
()

15.4
264,245

8
250,953

515,198

92,610
160,033
252,643

170,087
73,000
243,087

-4

EU 4 (4 )
3 30: 30: 20: 20
1 30
10
500
-
2551 4 ( 1)
( 2) ( 3) 5
EU

2551
4

EU
EU 180,000
EU 160,033
20,000 25%
57% ( 16023230)
EU
EU Tesco
(Broker) CP CP

2545 2546 EU (Nitrofurans)
2547

EU

-5

1.
2. EU
3.


4.

EU (Competent
Authority: CA) EU 2
EU (Animal Welfare)
(Human Welfare)

ISO 18000 HACCP

GMP

GMP HACCP
ISO ISO/IEC 17025
LAB
EU Eco Label Carbon
Footprint

-6

(Integrated Business)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

GMO

GMO Non GMO


GMO GMO

GMO
Non GMO
() 60%

(4)

(5)

(.)
GAP (Good Agricultural Practice)
HACCP
(Animal Welfare)
(Salmonella)

-7

ISO/IEC 17025 (
LAB)
Traceability
ISO9000
HACCP (Optional)

EU /

(Nitrofurans) (Chloramphenicol)

10
(Avian Influenza: AI)
(5)
(Newcastle Disease: ND) 30
EU (Animal Welfare)
30 2553



- 33
(33 kg/m live weight)
-
-
( )
-

-
-
-

- 30

- 30

-8

-
(Electric Stunning in Water)
3

-

Animal Welfare
ACP (Assure Chicken Production)

ACP
(Private Standards)
1. ACP (Assure Chicken Production)

( Stunning )
2. BRC (British Retail Consortium)

(Food Supply Chain)

(Good Manufacturing Practice: GMP)
(Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point: HACCP)
SQF 2000 (Safe Quality Food) ISO 90002
3. IFS (International Food Standard)
/

* BRC IFS HACCP (


) ISO 9000 () BRC IFS
2

: (http://www.dss.go.th/dssweb/st-articles/files/bsp_9_2545_brc.pdf)

-9

EU
EU

(6)

(7)


GMP
(.)
HACCP
(Animal Welfare)
Halal
Traceability
ISO/IEC 17025 (
LAB)
ISO9000
ISO14000

(.)
GMP
HACCP



Halal
Traceability
ISO/IEC 17025
ISO9000
ISO14000

- 10


10
(Avian Influenza: AI) (Newcastle Disease: ND)
30

EU

(8)

Ready to Eat Packaging

Packaging Packaging
( Labeling)


Establishment No. (EST.)


EU
(
)

EU

(Frozen) (Chilled)
(9)
EU 24 28
EU 3

EU


(10)

- 11



(1) Zoning (Zoning)
5 (5 )
1 ()
Zoning
Zoning
Zoning

Zoning
(2) Compartmentalization
()
Compartmentalization

3 1. 2. 3.
EU Compartmentalization
HACCP


()
2

YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

2.

- 12

(Thai Frozen Foods Association)3



70% 20% ()
10% 3



/ EU
(
)



Profit margin Profit Margin

80% CO2
( CO2)
Packaging
Packaging
( Packaging)

3

www.thai-frozen.or.th

- 13


(Chilled Shrimp) ()
Oxygen 5 12





(Frozen Shrimp)
NASAG

Trading
firm

DC
DC

49%
2547


(20%) (13.4%)
(5.4%) (2.1%)
EU
(Penaeus Vannamei)

- 14

.. .. 2552 EU 42,000
.. 48,000 50,000
2542 EU 4,000 ( 20,000
) (GSP) 100%


GSP EU
2 (Choramphenicol)
(Nitrofurans)
2 EU
LC-MS/MS 6
11 2
EU EU
EU


EU

Global GAP EUREPGAP Private Standard


EU /
/ EU
Wal-Mart
Wal-Mart ACC (Aquaculture Certification
Council) 2549
Commodity product
EU Head On Shell On (HOSO)

EU
(Stock)

EU

2540 (EU GSP)

2540 2541 (EU GSP 50%)

2542 ..2548 (EU GSP 100%)

.. 2548 (EU GSP)

- 15

(%)
4.5
6.0
9.7
13.5
12
20.0
4.2
7.0

1.
(Trafficking in Persons Report: TIP Report)


TIP Report Immigration and Custom Enforcement (ICE)


The U.S. Department of Labors Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB)
3
122 58 2552
ILAB


Immigration and Custom
Enforcement (ICE)

ICE

- 16




(
)

.
2.
: 1
20 6 1
6

(Supply Chain)
3.
EU

EU
Thai EU FTA EU
Non Tariff Barriers (NTBs) EU
FTA
4.

- 17


(Loins)


()
()


10

EU 12 24%
EU ACP
0%
(FTA) EU
EU 24%
EU



50-60

- 18


YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

3.

(Thai Rice Exporters Association)4

EU 2
1. 165

2.
45 EU EU

Brown rice, Cargo rice, Loozain rice


EU
EU
5%

4

- 19

Port

(Genoa)

(Antwerp)

(Le Havre)

(Rotterdam)

(Organic Rice) EU

GI
EU
EU EU

EU

92% EU

92%
Supermarket EU

Thai Hommali Rice


EU

EU Fragrance Rice
G2G Stock

- 20

(order)

(stock)
()
( )



Order EU

3
( Survey)
( Surveyor)
Survey
Surveyor ( .)


(
)
.

- 21

10

Survey

92


Survey (
) Survey SGS (Thailand)
Limited BV INTERTEC Overseas Merchandise Inspection Co., Ltd.
(OMIC)


Survey SGS (
)
EU
EU


EU
ISO 9001 HACCP BRC
EU

NTBs
EU
EU EU

Organic

Container

- 22

EU 400 100
EU 0% EU

EU 0% EU

EU EU
12,000 20,000
(
EU) EU 1
3

EU
EU
Order
80% EU 10%
10%
10%

EU 2-3

EU 5

5% 100%

100% 5%

- 23


Non-GMO, ML
Supermarket

EU


EU GMO
EU EU
EU
()
(Vudhichai Produce Co.,Ltd.) ==>
(Universal Rice Co., Ltd.) ==>

Herba Bangkok Sociedad Limitada ==>



(Chia Meng Co., Ltd.)

EU
EU
Sensitive List
(Basmati Rice)
EU

YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

4.

- 24






1)
2) Drought Master
3)
4)
5)

4
1) .
2)
3)
4)

AFTA

- 25


(Animal welfare)
GLOBALGAP

OIE (World organization
of animal health) ()

GMP, HACCP

( - Beef-Pro)


Supermarket

(.)

CODEX
McKey (
McDonald)
4

Traceability
User ID
International ID

- 26

-
GMP
HACCP
- Modern Trade




zoning AFTA
-
10%


2563
-

- E-service
-
-
-
-
YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

5.

- 27

(Malee Brand)6

()
2
-

( )
-
PET



OEM 40% 20%
40%
20%
- 10% Malee Brand
( )
- 90%
Private Brand (
Fruit Cocktail)
Malee


()
Fuji Cha
6

Head of Export Manager / Private Brand


( 1)

- 28

EU
EU
(Vacuum Product)

10 Anti-dumping
12-14
EU

EU

EU

BRC ( Global Standard Food ), Halal Certificate,


HACCP (Codex Standard), GMP (Codex Standard), Kosher Certificate, IFS
(International Food Standards) Q MARK ()


( Food Safety) ( )

(OT) EU 2
6 EU
EU


Third Party Auditor
Third Party Auditor
EU 6
Lot 6

container

- 29

. Contract farming

.
Contact Farming 100


Contact Farming 100
Non-GMO
2



Brand Malee 2 Malee Premium


premium
10
Brand Malee
EU
Malee
Brand
Malee
Malee


Malee Brand

- 30

Antidumping EU
House Brand
EU



FTA EU
FTA
EU
Sensitive List
FTA
EU Sensitive
List
Anti-dumpimg EU
YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

(CPF)7

6.

9
Carbon Footprint
Chicken Snack CPF Carbon
Footprint ()
(MTEC)
Carbon Footprint

1.

()

- 31

(Food
Safety) Chicken Snack Suppliers
Carbon Footprint
Chicken Snack Carbon

Carbon
(Kg CO2 equivalent)
Chicken Snack CPF
CPF
2.

Water Footprint
Water footprint ( Carbon footprint)
EU EU

3.

Forest Footprint
Forest Footprint EU

4.

Pollution Footprint
Forest Footprint Pollution Footprint
EU
5.

Food Miles
Food Miles
CO2

Food Miles

6.

(Source)

- 32

7.

Casino Tesco Walmart



8.

9.

Food Label COOL



COOL (Country of Origin Labeling)
30 2551

Aquaculture Certification Council (ACC)
Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP)

()
1 2549 1 2550


CPF
( 3
)

2-3

YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

7.

- 33


(River Kwai International Food Industry Co.,Ltd.)8

River Kwai
.. 1989
River Kwai

3
.. 1990
.
.. 1993 1996 River Kwai

.. 1996
River Kwai
River Kwai
River Kwai

3 ( 1999) River Kwai


River Kwai Sun Sweet


Karn
Corn River Kwai 3 River Kwai
Del Monte Asia

Senior Vice President Marketing and Sales

- 34

River Kwai



10,000 ( 20 )
(Anti Dumping: AD)
( Karn Corn
AD 3.4
AD EU (First Review) 2005/06
EU Price
Undertaking EU EU
EU EU
AD 2
Price Undertaking () Sun
Sweet AD 3.1-12.9
2009 EU Price Undertaking
AD AD 11.8-14.3
(2010) EU
EU
AD EU AD EU

River Kwai

River Kwai
AD
AD
23 1



- 35

River Kwai
Sweet corn Hybrid 2
GMO
River Kwai ATS
2 ATS 70%
30%
River Kwai Tasty
3



ISO IFS BRC
River Kwai

River Kwai
(Organic)

FTA
2

1

- 36



6-7






8 14

EU 12
YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

8.

(KC Fresh)9


2-3

KC Fresh

- 37


100
22-25








()

2-3

() (
)









- 38

KC Fresh
(Brocks improved) 157

EU
60-70% KC Fresh 50%

KC Fresh EU
KC Fresh



18 20 ()

EU
11-15 ()
()


EU
(Unit Price)

20-25

- 39



EU 7
KC Fresh Contract Farming
KC Fresh EU
EU EU

/
KC Fresh










KC Fresh
KC Fresh
EU


- 40

EU KC Fresh
KC Fresh KC Fresh
2

24 . EU
48-60 .
EU 30 %
KC Fresh EU 20
3
50% KC Fresh
KC Fresh KC Fresh

KC Fresh


SPS
EU KC Fresh
EU

Direct Information
EU Regulation EU

KC Fresh Supplier Buyer EU
KC Fresh KC Fresh
BRC Global GAP KC Fresh 2
( EU) KC Fresh

- 41


Global Gap Food Safety
EU


Rapid
Alert
Global Gap
Global
Gap Global Gap
EU Food Safety
EU Food
Safety Global Gap
Basic Commitment Food Safety
Global Gap
Competent Authority
EU
EU Global Gap
50 EU
Rapid Alert
4-5
EU 2553



KC Fresh


EU
Wrap Seal

- 42

EU
EU High Class
EU

EU





EU



KC Fresh KC Fresh

YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

9.

- 43

.
(B. Foods Product International Co., Ltd) 10

Betagro

Betagro

EU
Betagro EU 60
(Steam Roast )
The Pizza
Betagro
1 2 main part (30%)
by-product (70%)

Betagro EU (60%)
( 10 )

EU Betagro Corporate Brand


Consumer Brand ( EU Betagro)


10

(Betagro)
.

- 44

EU
EU End user
Tesco Lotus Tesco Lotus Betagro
Betagro

()
Betagro Lab Lab
Betagro Lab ISAL EU
Betagro
Betagro Betagro

. (Coliform)
requirement
Betagro 60% EU

EU
EU 160,000

EU 1
30% 48,000




User

User Ready Meal

- 45





4
R&D

Carbon Credit Carbon Footprint


Requirement Carbon
Footprint



FTA ASEANEU

80%

Shipping



sourcing
Commitment
Long term Short term

- 46

ASEAN-EU FTA



2% 38%
60%
Value Added
80%

40
EU HACCP
ISO
BRC

3-4
10-20%

EU


EU


100%

- 47



GMO

EU 10-20%

EU
supply chain

EU EU

EU

3-4

YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

10.

(Thai Food Processors Association)11


6
(1)
(2) ( )
11

<www.thaifood.org>

- 48

(3) ( )
(4)
(5) ( 3-4
)
(6) (Trader) ( 5
)
(Ready-to-eat)
(Pouch)

200 5
120 80 Trader
EU
EU



2
3
6

29 EU
Thai-EU FTA
EU 24
(GSP) 20.5 (MFN rate 3.5%)
(LDCs)

- 49


80%
() 85%


(Anti Dumping: AD) EU 4
EU
(review) AD
AD 5 3
Interim Review Final Review


EU EU
EU
30%
EU

(Super Sweet Corn) (OEM)


AD EU 55%
AD EU 26%
AD 3.1% 14.3% AD

(100%)



EU
EU

- 50

Contract Farming
40%


2
supply

EU
EU
GSP

EU

EU
(Original Equipment Manufacturer: OEM)
OEM
( Kitchen of the World)

- 51

Tesco ()

Chicken of the Sea
< http://www.gotomanager.com/news/printnews.aspx?id=862>
EU


5 14%
1%

EU
10-13%
Thai-EU FTA
EU (24%)
18% 12%

- 52

Trader
EU

3 EU
EU



EU





80


EU



EU
EU

- 53

EU
Health Certificate
EU MRA
EU
GMP HACCP EU
Walmart, Casino Tesco
EU

Thai-EU FTA


FTA
(Anti Dumping: AD)
FTA
EU
YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

11.

(Thai National Shippers' Council)12


FTA EU EU

EU 27
(Colony)
EU EU

12

- 54

EU (Contamination)
EU 27
( Rapid Alert System EU)
EU
(Supply Chain) (Human Error)




EU
Supply Chain
EU

( )


Thai-EU FTA
1. (Traceability System)

2.
EU FTA
4
AEC
(Rules of
Origin)

3. EU
EU ( 2 )

- 55

FTA

4. IUU Fishing EU

Certificate
EU
EU (Demurrage Charge)


NTBs EU
(1) .. 2469 (2)
(3)
Supply Chain
Thai-EU FTA Zoning

/ FTA EU

EU
SMEs SMEs

-- -
EU
EU 27
Certificate 15 ( 9 )
Health Certificate

- 56

(Labelling)
EU

27 EU EU





27 EU EU

EU (Nitrofurane)
Metabolite
(
17 )
2

Competent Authority (CA) EU 2 EU




GSP 2554
EU (Malachite green)

Aquarium
EU EU

EU
EU
EU
Finished products

- 57


EU ()


EU From Farm to Fork Traceability

EU
Global GAP
20


Contract Farming
( )
EU 13 48-50
27
/



(GMO)
( GMO EU
EU ())

2

MOU



VASEP (Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and

- 58

Producers)
()
(Federation)
EU

EU
13
SIPPO (Swiss Import Promotion Programme)

2002

EU
(Antwerp)
(Southampton)

EU (Labeling)
(stick on)
EU

(DC) EU
( )


DC

DC EU

13

- 59

EU Product of Thailand
EU
15 EU USA
(Primary goods) EU


OEM

()
()
100%



GMP
HACCP
ICE (Immigration and
Customs Enforcement) Solidarity Center
The True Cost of Shrimp

2532


18
15

- 60

-- --

()



EU 12 24 %

()
EU
EU





( R&D)
SMEs

EU

- 61



(Traceability)






EU
Competent Authority (CA) EU Certificate
EU



(African, Caribbean and Pacific countries: ACP)

60

FTA Thai EU
ASEAN EU FTA

YXWZYXWZYXWZYYXW

..

1.
.

2.
.

3.
..

4.
..

5.
..

6.
.

7.
.

8.
.

9.

10.


11.