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Team1HydroEurope2014/2015

HydrologicalModeling,SCSmethod

Teammembers:

PIZEPANMarie
GADAUDElise
ASKAROmar
SANZRAMOSMarcos
TACCONEFlorent
TAYXinYing
SAUVAGECsar

Team1HydroEurope2014/2015

Team1HydroEurope2014/2015

This part of work allows to understand how the data rainfall which we have, impacts the
volume of river Var. Indeed,the rainfall creates runoff which flowstojointheriverVarandso
itincreasesitsdischarge.

We have the data from 6 gauges stations spread on 5 subcatchments that we can see on
picturebelow.

The next stepis to understand the rainfall of eachsubcatchment.Forthat,weneedtodoan


interpolation of gauges stations. It exists different methods but the Thiessen method is the
easiestmethodeventhoughitisquestionablebecauseitdoesntconsideraterelief.

Team1HydroEurope2014/2015

ArcGisallowstocomputetheThiessenpolygonsmethods

Then, we get a regional influence map of the rain gauges for each subbasin.Finally, we
obtainthepercentageofinfluenceofeachraingaugestationtoeachsubcatchment.

THIESSEN Parameter
[%]
gauge / sub catchment Tinee
Upper Var Esteron
Vesubie
Lower Var
Carros
0,00
0,00
0,02
0,00
0,61
Levens
0,02
0,02
0,10
0,12
0,39
Roquesteron
0,00
0,07
0,46
0,00
0,00
Puget
0,00
0,38
0,42
0,00
0,00
Guillaumes
0,53
0,52
0,00
0,00
0,00
St Martin
0,45
0,01
0,00
0,88
0,00
total
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00
1,00

With that, we create the rainfall in mm of each subcatchment. For that, we multiplate each
percentage with the rainfall of gauge station corresponding. So we obtain the hydrographs
belows.

Team1HydroEurope2014/2015

Team1HydroEurope2014/2015

Now, we have the hydrographs for each subcatchment, we will change it inrunoff.Weused
the SCS method (Soil Conservation Service). The SCS curve number method is a simple,
widelyusedandefficientmethodfordetermining

Approximately,theamountofrunofffromarainfalleveninaparticulararea.

[P(t)S0]
R(t) = P(t)s +S

R(t),runoffin[mm]
P(t),totalprecipitation[mm]
S0,theinitialabstractiontosimplify,S0=0,2*S
S,thetotalinfiltrationcapacityofthesoil.
Finally,wehave: R(t) =

[P(t)0,2S]
P(t)+0,8S

To use this formula , its necessary to found the total infiltration capacity of the soil , of each
sub catchment,wichcome to theCN. Indeed, S = 25400
CN 254 , and CN (the curve number), is

Team1HydroEurope2014/2015

defined by tables. It has been initiated by the US Soil Conservation Service. First ofall, we
need to find the soilcategory.Wethinkthat,thesoilisconsideredasasoiloftypebetweenB
and C groups. Because, we consider that the infiltration of water in the soil is moderate at
slow. Besides, with Arcgis we obtain the catchment geometry and theareaof eachlanduse,
toallowtofoundthepercentageoflandusetypesforeachsubcatchment.

CATCHMENT GEOMETRY
value / sub catchment
Tinee
Upper Var
Esteron
Vesubie
Lower Var
area [km]
750,4
1087,01
447,16
393,35
153,83
longest flow path [km]
63,97
85,48
57,02
44,93
29,87
avg. slope [m/m] in %
38,54
32,06
26,47
37,19
21,22
avg. slope [m/m] of channel
0,034
0,029
0,028
0,058
0,028

LANDUSE
value / sub catchment
Tinee
Upper Var Esteron
Vesubie
Lower Var
forest [km]
253,01
388,67
273,49
194,26
47,51
semi-natural [km]
474,19
645,43
132,18
173,84
48,68
agricultural [km]
4,83
30,8
29,54
11,71
30,3
artificial surfaces [km]
1,3
1,81
1,18
1,62
13,24
water bodies [km]
0,24
0
0
0
2,63
wetlands [km]
0
1,45
0,06
0
0

Dividing this area of landuse bythe total area of subcatchment , we havethe percentage of
thelanddistribution.
LANDUSE
value / sub catchment
Tinee
Upper Var
Esteron
Vesubie
Lower Var
forest [km]
0,34
0,36
0,61
0,49
0,31
semi-natural [km]
0,63
0,59
0,30
0,44
0,32
agricultural [km]
0,01
0,03
0,07
0,03
0,20
artificial surfaces [km]
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,09
water bodies [km]
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,02
wetlands [km]
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00
0,00

WithresearchwehavefoundCNandimperviousofeachtypeoflanduse.

value / CN and
CN
impervious (%)
forest [km]
71
5
semi-natural [km] 71
5
agricultural [km] 80
5

Team1HydroEurope2014/2015

artificial
surfaces [km]
water
bodies [km]
wetlands [km]

91

75

100
100

100
100

To conclude, ponderating each CN and impervious by the percentage of land use of each
subcatchmentwehave:

value / sub
catchment
CN
impervious

Tinee

Upper Var

Esteron

Vesubie

Lower Var

69,51

70,10

69,95

69,20

69,70

5,04

5,16

5,08

5,14

12,28

111,42

108,36

109,11

113,06

110,44