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GEM Educational system

I-9/1 Islamabad
Time allowed: 1Hour

Write answers of these questions.

Is it possible for an element to have different types of atoms? Explain.

What nuclear reaction would release more energy, the fission reaction or the fusion reaction? Explain.
Which has more penetrating power, alpha particle or gamma ray photon?
. What is the difference between natural and artificial radioactivity?
How long would you likely have to wait to watch any sample of radioactive atoms completely decay?
Which type of natural radioactivity leaves the number of protons and the number of neutrons in the nucleus
7) How much of a 1g sample of pure radioactive matter would be left undecayed after four half-lives?
8) Tritium 13H is radioactive isotope of hydrogen. It decays by emitting an electron. What is the daughter nucleus?
9) What information about the structure of the nitrogen atom can be obtained from its nuclide 7N14? In what way atom
in 7N14 is different from the atom in 7N16

10) Complete this nuclear reaction:

11) Does this reaction involve fission or fusion? Justify your answer
12) Nuclear fusion reaction is more reliable and sustainable source of energy than nuclear fission chain reaction. Justify
this statement with plausible arguments.
13) A nitrogen nuclide 714N decays to become an oxygen nuclide by emitting an electron. Show this process with an
14) Determine which of these radioactive decay processes are possible:

a) Explain the working of different parts of oscilloscope. Name some uses of oscilloscope.
b) State and explain for each case whether the information given by the following. devices is in analogue or a
digital form.
a. a moving-coil voltmeter measuring the e.m.f of a cell.
b. a microphone generating an electric current.
c. a central heating thermostat controlling the water pump.
d. automatic traffic lights controlling the flow of traffic.