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GENERALINDEX

PageN

1. INTRODUCTION

PLANTINGMETHODWITHGROASISWATERBOXX
2. TECHNOLOGY

3. PARAMETERSOFANNUALTEMPERATUREAND

PRECIPITATION

3.1Openfieldandradiation...

3.2Annualprecipitation.....

4. THERESULTS

Tamarind(Tamarindusindica).
Cashew(Anacardiumoccidental).
Avocado(Perseaamericana).
Sapodilla(Manilkarazapota).
Tangerine(Citrusnobilis).
Custard(Annonacherimola).
Cherry(Prunusavium)
Guava(Ingaedulis)
Roseapple(Syzygiumjambos)...
Almond(Prunusamigdalus)........
Mango(Mangiferaindica)..
Orange(Citrussinensis).
Lemon(Citruslemon).
Soursop(Annonamuricata).

5. TIMBERTREEPLANTING

Yellow(Tabebuiacahracea).
Guaiac(Tabebuiachrysantha)..........
Saman(Samaneasaman)..
Mahogany(Switeniacandollei).
Melina(Gmelinaarborea).
LignumVitae(Burseragraveolens)
Laurel(Laurusnobilis)..
Ebony(Dyospyrosebenum)...

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28
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6. GRAPES

30

7. FAQ

31

8. RESULTS

32

9. CONCLUSIONS

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FUENTEDEVIDAFOUNDATION

AGUAVIDANATURALEZAPROJECT

ACTIVITIESREPORTOFFRUITTREESANDTIMBERTREES

1.INTRODUCTION

FuentedeVidaFoundationisorganizingtheAguaVidaNaturalezaProjectincooperationwiththe
University of the Peninsula of Santa Elena UPSE), Ecuador. The Project is funded by COmON
FoundationfromTheNetherlands.SinceMarch2012trees,fruits,timber,aswellasvegetableshave
beenplantedusingtheGroasisTechnology,includingtheGroasisWaterboxx.

TheobjectiveoftheAgua,VidayNaturalezaProjectistoresearchifitispossibletogrowtreeswith
over90%lesswateruseandtogrowvegetableswithatleast70%lesswateruse.TheProjectalso
focuses on the development of a greenhouse that is inside colder than the outside temperature,
whileusingnoenergytocoolit.TheissueofwaterscarcityisimportantinEcuador,andalloverthe
world.TheGroasisTechnologymightbeanimportantinstrumenttohelpsolvethisissue.

TheProjectconsistsof3phases:

Phase1:firstyearofresearchinthegreenhousesonthepremisesofUPSEinRioVerde,SantaElena,
Ecuador.

Phase 2: introduce the Groasis Technology in 7 dry areas all over Ecuador if the first phase has
broughtagoodresult.

Phase 3: develop a financial model so that growers can easily finance and use the Groasis
Technology,andcombinethatwithtraining.

TheProjectiscurrentlyinPhase2.

We believe that the research Project we execute is a role model for Santa Elena Province and our
country. It brings many advantages that can be used in the nearby future. The results will be a
national and international reference, thus fulfilling the major objectives of the Waterboxx inventor
Mr.PieterHoff,whichistoreforesttheworldusinglesswater.

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2. PLANTING

METHOD

WITH

GROASIS

WATERBOXX

TECHNOLOGY

Make a hole with a depth of 15 cm deep and 60 cm wide, and do not break the
capillarityofthesoil,asithelpstherootstofindwateratadepthof3meter.

Then put 20 liters of water in clay ground and 40 liters in sandy ground, and let the
waterseepinduring24hours.Thenchecktherootsandcutallthehorizontalpartsoff.
Thenplantit.

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Then we prune all unnecessary shoots and leaves, and cut the main trunk to 20 cm
maximumlength.Wedothistopreventevaporation.

Placetheplantwithoutusingpressuretocompactthesoil.Thecompactingisdonewith
water.

Aftertheplantingprocessthewhiteantievaporationcoverisplaced.Then,theGroasis
Waterboxx is placed over the tree. The opening must be placed in eastwest
orientation,inordertoavoidsunlightdirectlyreachingtheplant.

4litersofwaterisdistributeddirectlytotheplantand16litersinthebox.

See15instructionvideosin11languageshere:
http://www.youtube.com/user/Groasiswaterboxx
Youcanalsofindaprintedmanualat:
http://www.groasis.com/en/technology/groasiswaterboxxmanual

Orusetheplantinginstructionappthatisavailablein10languages

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3. PARAMETERSOFTEMPERATUREANDANNUALPRECIPITATION

3.1OPENFIELDANDRADIATION

Graphic1

Duringthisyear,fromMarch2012toMarch2013,theopenfieldhadmaximumtemperaturesupto
39,5Candminimumtemperaturesof19,2Casshowningraph1.Ecuadorhastheworldshighest

radiationhttp://www.exa.ec/bp21/indexen.html.

Manglaraltoarea(SantaElenaPeninsula),hasdeterminedthatthetotalhoursofannualsunshine
totals1231.1hours,representingamonthlyaverageof102.6hours/month(3.9hoursperday).
Source:http://www.dspace.espol.edu.ec/bitstream/123456789/3744/1/6271.pdf(page161).As
graphic2shows.

Graphic2

GreenRiocommunetosubmitdryclimatethedaylighthoursaremoreintensethanManglaralto,
withapproximateaverageof5hourslight/day.
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3.2ANNUALPRECIPITATION

Table1.AnnualPrecipitationinRioVerde.

Table1,indicatesthatbetweenJanuaryandDecember2012therewasatotalrainfallof211,6mm

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4.THERESULTS

TAMARIND(Tamarindusindica)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun12th2012

MonitoringDate:

Jul30th,2013

Numberofplantings

65plants

Survival%:

64liveplants(1dead),98%

BasedFertilization:

Completefertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

33cm

July15th2013

110cm

Stemdiameter:

3cm

Crowndiameter:

86cm

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CASHEW(Anacardiumoccidental)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun182012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

39plantings

Survival%:

37living(2dead).95%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

July15th2013

35cm

108cm

Stemdiameter:

6cm

Crowndiameter:

70cm

emovingwaterboxx:

July3,2013

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AVOCADO(Perseaamericana)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:
Currentdate:
Numberofplantings:
Survival%:
BasedFertilization:
Plantheight:

August172012
July30,2013
50plants.
22liveplants(28dead).44%
CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Beforetransplantation

33cm

July15th2013

88cm

Stemdiameter:

4cm

Crowndiameter:

22cm

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SAPODILLA(Manilkarazapota)
Before
Now

Plantingdate:

Jun27th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

39plants

Survival%:

34liveplants(fivedead).87%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

31cm

July15th2013

57cm

Stemdiameter:

3cm

Crowndiameter:

30cm

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TANGERINE(Citrusnobilis)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun12th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

39plants

Survival%:

38liveplants(1dead).92%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

29cm

July15th2013

102cm

Stemdiameter:

3cm

Crowndiameter:

40cm

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CUSTARD(Annonacherimola)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun13th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

42plants

Survival%:

42plants.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

31cm

July15th2013

113cm

Stemdiameter:

3cm

Crowndiameter:

40cm

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CHERRY(Prunusavium)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun13th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

31plants

Survival%:

30liveplants(1dead).97%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

25cm

July15th2013

192cm

Stemdiameter:

7cm

Crowndiameter:

88cm

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GUAVA(Ingaedulis)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun18th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

46plants

Survival%:

29liveplants(17dead).63%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

31cm

July15th2013

112cm

Stemdiameter:

5cm

Crowndiameter:

60cm

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ROSEAPPLE(Syzygiumjambos)
Before
Now

Plantingdate:

Jun25th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

30plants

Survival%:

30plants.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

33cm

July15th2013

123cm

Stemdiameter:

4cm

Crowndiameter:

48cm

RemovingtheWaterboxx:

July3,2013

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ALMOND(Prunusamigdalus)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:

May22th2012

MonitoringDate:

30juliodel2013

Numberofplantings:

5plants

Survival%:

5plants100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

30cm

Currentdate:

76cm

Stemdiameter:

10cm

Crowndiameter:

128cm

Removingwaterboxx:

July3,2013

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MANGO(Mangiferaindica)

Before
Now

Plantingdate:

March14th2012

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

31cm

July15th2013:

120cm

Stemdiameter:

3cm

Crowndiameter:

60cm

Removingwaterboxx:

January15th2013

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ORANGE(Citrussinensis)
Before

Now

Plantingdate:

March14th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

26plants

Survival%:

26plants.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:
Beforetransplantation
July15th2013

207cm

Stemdiameter:

9cm

Crowndiameter:

83cm

Waterboxxretirementdate:

January15th2013

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LEMON(Citruslemon)
Before

Now

Plantingdate:

March29th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

49plants

Survival%:

49plants.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

32cm

July15th2013

225cm

Stemdiameter:

13cm

Crowndiameter:

160cm

RemovingtheWaterboxx:

January13,2013

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SOURSOP(Annonamuricata)
Before
Now

Plantingdate:

March14th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

14plants

Survival%:

14plants.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

33cm

July15th2013

280cm

Stemdiameter:

14cm

Crowndiameter:

132cm

RemovingtheWaterboxx:

January15th2013

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STARAPPLE(Chrysophyllumcainito)

Before

After

Plantingdate:

March14th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

20plants

Survival%:

18liveplants(2dead).90%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

35cm

Currentdate:

85cm

Stemdiameter:

4cm

Crowndiameter:

55cm

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GRAPEFRUIT(citrusparadisi)
Before

Now

Plantingdate:

March14th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

40plants

Survival%:

38liveplants(2dead).95%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

30cm

Currentdate:

75cm

Stemdiameter:

4cm

Crowndiameter:

50cm

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5.TIMBERTREEPLANTING

YELLOW(Tabebuiaachracea)
Before
Now

Plantingdate:

Jun14th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

5Trees

Survival%:

5Trees.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

35cm

July15th2013

140cm

Stemdiameter:

9cm

Crowndiameter:

120cm

Waterboxxretirementdate:

March22th2013

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GUAIAC(Tabebuiachrysantha)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun14th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

5Trees

Survival%:

5Trees.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

36cm

July15th2013

120cm

Stemdiameter:

9cm

Crowndiameter:

80cm

Waterboxxretirementdate:

March22th2013

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SAMAN(Samaneasaman)
Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun14th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

3trees

Survival%:

2trees(1dead).67%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

35cm

July15th2013

258cm

Stemdiameter:

14cm

Crowndiameter:

134cm

Waterboxxretirementdate:

March222013

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MAHOGANY(Switeniacandollei)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun19th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

5Trees

Survival%:

5Trees.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

35cm

July15th2013

228cm

Stemdiameter:

13cm

Crowndiameter:

162cm

RemovingtheWaterboxx:

March22th2013

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MELINA(Gmelinaarborea)

Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun20th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

22trees

Survival%:

22trees.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

33cm

July15th2013

360cm

Stemdiameter:

20cm

Crowndiameter:

140cm

RemovingtheWaterboxx:

December21th2012

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LIGNUMVITAE(BurseraGraveolens)
Before
Now

Plantingdate:

Jun22th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

5Trees

Survival%:

3trees(2dead).60%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

27cm

July15th2013

190cm

Stemdiameter:

9cm

Crowndiameter:

148cm

RemovingtheWaterboxx:

March22th2013

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LAUREL(Laurusnobilis)
Before

Now

Plantingdate:

Jun22th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

5Trees

Survival%:

5Trees.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

28cm

July15th2013

95cm

Stemdiameter:

5cm

Crowndiameter:

65cm

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EBONY(Diospyrosebenum)
Before

Plantingdate:

Jun22th2012

MonitoringDate:

July30,2013

Numberofplantings:

5Trees

Survival%:

5Trees.100%

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(103010)

Plantheight:

Now

Beforetransplantation

29cm

July15th2013

270cm

Stemdiameter:

10cm

Crowndiameter:

145cm

RemovingtheWaterboxx:

March22th2013

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6.GRAPES(Vitisvinifera)

Thegrapeisaclimbingwoodenshrub,perennial.Ithasawelldevelopedrootsystemandgrowsvery
fast.Itgrowsintropicalandsubtropicalareas,withtemperaturesfluctuatingbetween2Cto35C,
relativehumidityrangesfrom4080%,developingsuccessfullyinclayandloamsoils.

GRAPE(Vitisvinifera)

Plantingdate:

Jun28th2012

BasedFertilization:

CompleteFertilizer(N10P30K10)

Plantheight:

Beforetransplantation

35cm(stolons)

July15th2013

1,50cm(heighttrellis),abundantfoliage.

Stemdiameter:

7cm

RemovalWaterboxx:

Theentirecropcycle.

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7. FAQ

Whatisthemeaningoftheterminology103010weseeineverysectiondetailsof
timberandfruit?
A: This terminology means that in the basis of fertilization in each timber and fruit tree in our
Agua Vida Naturaleza Project, was used 10% Nitrogen (N), 30% Phosphorous (P) and 10%
Potassium(K).

WhatisthequantityofNPK103010thathasbeenaddedpertree?
A:Thesepercentagesarederivedfrompreviouslyconductedsoilanalysisinordertoknowhow
much fertilizer we have to apply in order to prevent mineral shortages. In this case we have
applied15gramsoffertilizerperplant.

Whatisthebestmethodtofertilize?
A: The recommendation to use fertilizer, is to do it with drench method (fertilizer diluted and
applieddirectlyintotheplantinghole).Lateronyoucanalsousefoliagefertilizer.Theplanting
holeismadeapproximately30cmdeepinsteadof15cm.Thenwemakeamixofcompostand
soil until the depth is 15 cm. Then we add the 20 liters of water together with fertilizers (on
sandysoil)or40litersofwaterwithfertilizers(onclayandloamsoil)onedaybeforeplanting.

WhileusingtheGroasisTechnologywithsmallsaplings,willtheuseoffertilizersburnthe
roots?
A: No, the roots will not bur. Fertilization takes place at least one day before planting. The
mineralswillbeboundtothecompostandthequantityislow.

CanyouputfertilizerintheWaterboxx?
A: No, you cannot put fertilizer in the Waterboxx. Fertilizers are likely to crystallize and
therefore,thiswillcausethewicktoclogthewaterdistribution.

Canyouputmycorrhizaewithfertilizer?
A: Yes, you can mix mycorrhizae in the soil below the Waterboxx. Then there is a symbiosis
wheremycorrhizaewillhelptheplantstobetterabsorbfertilizers.

HaveyouchangedsomewhattheplantingmethodoftheGroasisTechnologyintheAgua
VidaNaturalezaProject?
A: Absolutelynot,theGroasisTechnologywasimplementedstepbystepintheprocedurefor
plantingtimberandfruittreesinAguaVidaNaturalezaProject.

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8.RESULTS

WehaveplantedfruitandtimbertreeswithGroasisWaterboxxTechnology.Theusedtimeofboxes
foreachplantisaround9months,waterissuppliedbyawick.
TheclimateinSantaElenaProvinceistropicaldry,withanannualrainfallof211,6mm(2012).

Adaptability,growthanddevelopmentofeachspeciewasaverageat97%survival.Consideringthat
theMelina(timbertree)wastransplantedwithaheightof33cm,withinayearitmeasurescurrently
3,60m.Thisspeciegrowsnormallyintropicalwetareas,withanannualrainfallof1000mm.
WealsoemphasizethegrowthrateofLignumVitae(Burseragraveolens);atthetimeofplantingit
was27cm.In13months,itmeasures1,90mwithamonthlygrowthof12cm.Thelocalpopulation
emphasizethatthisspecieisnative,sotheycouldrestoresomedestroyedordevastatedareas.

9.CONCLUSIONS

IthasbeenproventhattheRioVerdeclimateissuitableforthesurvivaloftreesandvegetablesthat
havebeenplantedwiththeGroasisTechnology(innovativeirrigation).

Theresultisreflectedinthegrowthrateofthetreesmentionedabove.

IntheMelinascase,theWaterboxxwastakenoffafter6months,becauseitwasafastgrowthof
stemthatdoesntallowtotaketheboxoffifyouwaitlonger.TheLignumVitaewastakenoffafter9
months.

The intensity of the sun in Ecuador is one of the highest in the world during winter season. Until
nowithasbeenimpossibletoplanttreeswithoutdripirrigationinthisregion.Buttheseresultsusing
GroasisTechnologyachievedsuccessfulplantingwithonly40litersofwaterperplant.Dripirrigation
usesabout15lt/day,thismeans that the useinthefirstyearsaves99%ofwater.After oneyear,
GroasisTechnologydoesntuseadditionalwater.Underthisconcept,savingwatercomparedtothe
traditionalsystemis100%.

TheGroasisTechnologyisawaytoplanttreesandbushesinasustainablemanner.

34
ProyectoAguaVidaNaturaleza,RoVerde,km33vaSalinasApartadopostal090111258Prov.deSantaElenaEcuador
REP2021www.fuentedevida.com

RioVerde,July16th2013

CPA.AnaFernandaTerranova

NATIONALDIRECTOR

Ing.Agrop.MonicaFigueroa
TECHNICALDIRECTOR

35
ProyectoAguaVidaNaturaleza,RoVerde,km33vaSalinasApartadopostal090111258Prov.deSantaElenaEcuador
REP2021www.fuentedevida.com