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Dynamic Models Package Standard-1

GMB Dynamic Models for PSS Software Product Suite

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Table of Contents
Revision History ........................................................................................................................... 4
1

Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 5

License Group Standard-1............................................................................................... 6


2.1

Exciters (AVR) ............................................................................................................ 6


2.1.1 AC7B_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 AC7B excitation system .................................... 6
2.1.2 AC8B_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 AC8B excitation system .................................... 8
2.1.3 BBSEX1_gmb - Brown-Boveri static excitation system model......................... 10
2.1.4 BUDCZT_gmb - Czech proportional/integral excitation system model ............ 11
2.1.5 DC3A_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 DC3A excitation system ................................. 12
2.1.6 EMAC1T_gmb - AEP Rockport excitation system model ................................. 13
2.1.7 ESAC1A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type AC1A excitation system model...................... 15
2.1.8 ESAC2A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type AC2A excitation system model...................... 16
2.1.9 ESAC4A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type AC4A excitation system model...................... 18
2.1.10 ESAC5A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type AC5A excitation system model...................... 19
2.1.11 ESAC6A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type AC6A excitation system model...................... 20
2.1.12 ESDC1A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type DC1A excitation system model...................... 21
2.1.13 ESDC2A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type DC2A excitation system model...................... 22
2.1.14 ESST1A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type ST1A excitation system model ....................... 23
2.1.15 ESST2A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type ST2A excitation system model ....................... 24
2.1.16 ESST3A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type ST2A excitation system model ....................... 25
2.1.17 ESST4B_gmb - IEEE type ST4B potential or compounded source-controlled
rectifier exciter ............................................................................................ 27
2.1.18 EXAC1_gmb - 1981 IEEE type AC1 excitation system model.......................... 28
2.1.19 EXAC1A_gmb - Modified type AC1 excitation system model ......................... 29
2.1.20 EXAC2_gmb - 1981 IEEE type AC2 excitation system model.......................... 30
2.1.21 EXAC4_gmb - 1981 IEEE type AC4 excitation system model.......................... 32
2.1.22 EXBAS_gmb - Basler static voltage regulator feeding dc or ac rotating exciter
model ......................................................................................................... 33
2.1.23 EXDC2_gmb - 1981 IEEE type DC2 excitation system model.......................... 35
2.1.24 EXELI_gmb - Static PI transformer fed excitation system model..................... 36
2.1.25 EXNEBB_gmb - Bus or solid fed SCR bridge excitation system model
type NEBB (NVE).......................................................................................... 37
2.1.26 EXNI _gmb - Bus or solid fed SCR bridge excitation system model
type NI (NVE)............................................................................................... 38
2.1.27 EXST1_gmb - 1981 IEEE type ST1 excitation system model ........................... 39
2.1.28 EXST2_gmb - 1981 IEEE type ST2 excitation system model ........................... 40
2.1.29 EXST2A_gmb - Modified 1981 IEEE type ST2 excitation system model .......... 41
2.1.30 EXST3_gmb - 1981 IEEE type ST3 excitation system model ........................... 42
2.1.31 IEEET2_gmb - 1968 IEEE type 2 excitation system model .............................. 43
2.1.32 IEEET3_gmb - 1968 IEEE type 3 excitation system model .............................. 44
2.1.33 IEEET4_gmb - 1968 IEEE type 4 excitation system model .............................. 45
2.1.34 IEEET5_gmb - Modified 1968 IEEE type 4 excitation system model................ 46
2.1.35 IEEEX1_gmb - 1979 IEEE type 1 excitation system model
and 1981 IEEE type DC1 model .................................................................... 47
2.1.36 IEEEX2_gmb - 1979 IEEE type 2 excitation system model.............................. 48
2.1.37 IEEEX3_gmb - 1979 IEEE type 3 excitation system model.............................. 49
2.1.38 IEEEX4_gmb - 1979 IEEE type 4 excitation system, 1981 IEEE type DC3
and 1992 IEEE type DC3A models ............................................................... 50
2.1.39 IEET1A_gmb - Modified 1968 IEEE type 1 excitation system model ............... 51
2.1.40 IEET1B_gmb - Modified 1968 IEEE type 1 excitation system model ............... 52
2.1.41 IEET5A_gmb - Modified 1968 IEEE type 4 excitation system model ............... 53
2.1.42 IEEX2A_gmb - 1979 IEEE type 2A excitation system model ........................... 54
2.1.43 IVOEX_gmb - IVO excitation system model ................................................... 55

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

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2.1.44 OEX3T_gmb - Ontario Hydro IEEE Type ST1 excitation system


with semicontinuous and acting terminal voltage limiter.............................. 56
2.1.45 REXSYS_gmb - General purpose rotating excitation system model ................ 57
2.1.46 ST5B_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 ST5B excitation system ................................... 59
2.1.47 ST6B_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 ST6B excitation system ................................... 61
2.1.48 ST7B_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 ST7B excitation system ................................... 63
2.1.49 URST5T_gmb - IEEE proposed type ST5B excitation system ........................... 65
2.2

Governors (GOV) ..................................................................................................... 66


2.2.1 BBGOV1_gmb - Brown-Boveri turbine-governor model ................................. 66
2.2.2 CRCMGV_gmb - Cross compound turbine-governor model............................ 67
2.2.3 DEGOV_gmb - Woodward diesel governor model ......................................... 68
2.2.4 DEGOV1_gmb - Woodward diesel governor model ....................................... 69
2.2.5 GAST_gmb - Gas turbine-governor model..................................................... 70
2.2.6 HYGOV2_gmb - Hydro turbine-governor model ............................................ 71
2.2.7 IEEEG1_gmb - 1981 IEEE type 1 turbine-governor model .............................. 72
2.2.8 IEEEG2_gmb - 1981 IEEE type 2 turbine-governor model .............................. 73
2.2.9 IEEEG3_gmb - 1981 IEEE type 3 turbine-governor model .............................. 74
2.2.10 IEESGO_gmb - 1973 IEEE standard turbine-governor model.......................... 75
2.2.11 IVOGO_gmb - IVO turbine-governor model................................................... 76
2.2.12 PIDGOV_gmb - Hydro turbine and governor model ....................................... 77
2.2.13 TGOV2_gmb - Steam turbine-governor model with fast valving .................... 78
2.2.14 TGOV3_gmb - Modified IEEE type 1 turbine-governor model
with fast valving .......................................................................................... 79
2.2.15 WPIDHY_gmb - Woodward P.I.D. hydro governor model ............................... 80
2.2.16 WSIEG1_gmb - WECC modified 1981 IEEE type 1 turbine-governor model..... 81

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

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Revision History
Date

Revision

Author

Description

2008-01-30

1.1

Ruhle

Initial revision

2008-05-01

1.2

Beissler

Test procedure updated + table of contents added

2010-12-22

1.3

Medak

Update

2011-05-16

1.4

Medak

Update

Lynn

Graphics update

Medak /
Angelov

New controller added and minor fixes

Lin

Graphics update and new controller added

2011-09-02
2011-09

1.5

2011-12-20
2012-04-08

1.6

Lin

Controller modified and Graphics update

2012-10-22

1.7

Angelov

Release October 2012

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 4 of 82

Introduction

Documentation of the available User-drawn BOSL controllers for the PSS Product Suite, namely:
PSSE
PSSSINCAL
PSSNETOMAC
The dynamic models described here are built with the Graphical Model Builder (GMB) and consist of:
Graphical model representation
BOSL Macro description
Controller block diagram

*_gmb.vsd
*_gmb.mac
*_gmb.jpg

General Notes: Dear user. All example descriptions included in this document are created under
Windows XP operation system. If a different operation system is running, for example Windows Vista
or Windows 7, please copy the complete folder \Program Files\PTI\NetCad\Standard-1 including
subfolders to a working directory, with full write and read access. During the software operation the
program pre-requires a write and read access to these folders; if this permission is not given a run
time error may occur.

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

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License Group Standard-1

2.1

Exciters (AVR)

2.1.1

AC7B_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 AC7B excitation system

2.1.1.1

AC7B _gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.1.2

AC7B _gmb - Parameters

Description
TR (sec) regulator input filter time
constant
KPR (pu) regulator proportional gain
KIR (pu) regulator integral gain
KDR (pu) regulator derivative gain
TDR (sec) regulator derivative block time
constant
VRMAX (pu) regulator output maximum
limit
VRMIN (pu) regulator output minimum
limit
KPA (pu) voltage regulator proportional
gain
KIA (pu) voltage regulator integral gain
VAMAX (pu) regulator output maximum
limit
VAMIN (pu) regulator output minimum
limit
KP (pu)
KL (pu)
KF1 (pu)
KF2 (pu)
KF3 (pu)
TF3 (sec) time constant (> 0)
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Default
0,02

Min
0,000001

Max
1000

4,24
4,24
0,02
0,2

-1000

1000

-1000
0

1000
1000

5,79

1000

-5,79

-1000

1000000

4
1

-1000

1000

-0,95

-1000

4,96
10
0,212
0,2
0,5
0,2

0
0
0
0
0
0,000001

1000000
1000000
1000000
1000000
1000000
1000000

User value

Page 6 of 82

KC (pu) rectifier loading factor


proportional to commutating reactance
KD (pu) demagnetizing factor, function
of AC exciter reactances
KE (pu) exciter constant related fo selfexcited field
TE (pu) exciter time constant
VFEMAX (pu) exciter field current limit (>
0)
VEMIN (pu)
E1
S(E1)
E2
S(E2)

2.1.1.3

0,18

1000000

0,02

0,000001

1000000

0,000001

1000000

1,1
6,9

0,000001
0

1000000
1000

-1
3,02
0,075
6,3
0,44

-0,001

1000

AC7B _gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'AC7B_gmb', 38, '1', 0.02 4.24 4.24 0.02 0.2 5.79 -5.79 1 4 1
-0.95 4.96 10 0.212 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.18 0.02 1 1.1 6.9 -1 3.02 0.075 6.3
0.44/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 7 of 82

2.1.2

AC8B_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 AC8B excitation system

2.1.2.1

AC8B _gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.2.2

AC8B _gmb - Parameters

Description
TR (sec) regulator input filter time
constant
KPR (pu) regulator proportional gain
KIR (pu) regulator integral gain
KDR (pu) regulator derivative gain
TDR (sec) regulator derivative block time
constant
VPIDMAX (pu) PID maximum limit
VPIDMIN (pu) PID minimum limit
KA (pu) voltage regulator proportional
gain
TA (sec) voltage regulator time constant
VRMAX (pu) regulator output maximum
limit
VRMIN (pu) regulator output minimum
limit
KC (pu) rectifier loading factor
proportional to commutating reactance
KD (pu) demagnetizing factor, function
of AC exciter reactances
KE (pu) exciter constant related fo selfexcited field
TE (pu) exciter time constant
VFEMAX (pu) exciter field current limit (>
0)
VEMIN (pu)
E1
S(E1)
E2
S(E2)
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Default
0,02

Min
0,000001

Max
1000

80
5
10
0,1

-1000
-1000
-1000
-1000

1000
1000
1000
1000

100
-100
1

0
-1000
-1000000

1000
0
1000000

0,1
35

0,000001
0

1000000
1000

-1000

0,55

-1000

1000

1,1

0,000001

1000000

0,000001

1000000

1,2
6

0,000001
0

1000000
1000

-1
6,5
0,3
9
1,1

-1000

1000

10

User value

Page 8 of 82

2.1.2.3

AC8B _gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL','AC8B_gmb', 38,'1', 0.02 80 5 10 0.1 100 -100 1 0.1 35 0 0.55 1.1
1 1.2 6 -1 6.5 0.3 9 1.1 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

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2.1.3

BBSEX1_gmb - Brown-Boveri static excitation system model

2.1.3.1

BBSEX1_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.3.2

BBSEX1_gmb - Parameters

Description
TF (sec)
K
T1 (> 0) (sec)
T2 (>0) (sec)
T3 (sec)
T4 (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
EFDMAX
EFDMIN
Switch

2.1.3.3

Default
0,025
10,01
0,1
0,1
1
4
5
-3
4,5
0
1

Min
0
10,01
0,021
0,021
0
0
0,51
-9,99

Max
0,49
499,99
9,99
9,99

User value

9,99
-0,01

BBSEX1_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'BBSEX1_gmb', 38, '1', 0.025 10.01 0.1 0.1 1 4 5 -3 4.5 0 1 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 10 of 82

2.1.4

BUDCZT_gmb - Czech proportional/integral excitation system model

2.1.4.1

BUDCZT_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.4.2

BUDCZT_gmb - Parameters

Description
KP (pu)
KA > 0 (pu)
KE > 0 (pu)
TR (sec)
TI > 0 (sec)
TA (sec)
TE (sec)
URMAX (pu)
URMIN (pu)
EFDMAX (pu)
EFDMIN (pu)

2.1.4.3

Default
12
3,4
1
0,1
1
0,1
0,2
10
-10
7,5
-7,5

Min

Max

User value

BUDCZT_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'BUDCZT_gmb', 38, '1', 12 3.4 1 0.1 1 0.1 0.2 10 -10 7.5 -7.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 11 of 82

2.1.5

DC3A_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 DC3A excitation system

2.1.5.1

DC3A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.5.2

DC3A_gmb - Parameters

Description
TR Regulator input time constant (sec)
KV (pu) limit on fast raise/lower contact
setting
VRMAX (pu) regulator maximum limit
VRMIN (pu) regulator minimum limit
TRH ( > 0) Rheostat motor travel time (sec)
TE ( > 0) exciter time-constant (sec)
KE (pu) exciter constant related to selfexcited field
VEMIN (pu) exciter minimum limit
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

2.1.5.3

Default
0,1

Min

Max

User value

0,08
2,1
0
99
0,14
0,099
-100
4
0,4
5
0,5

DC3A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL','DC3A_gmb', 38,'1', 0.1 0.08 2.1 0 99 0.14 0.099 -100 4 0.4 5
0.5/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

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2.1.6

EMAC1T_gmb - AEP Rockport excitation system model

2.1.6.1

EMAC1T_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.6.2

EMAC1T_gmb - Parameters

Description
TR (sec)
T4 (sec)
T3 (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE > 0 (sec)
KF
TF > 0 (sec)
KC
KD
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)
T6 (sec)
T5 (sec)
T2 (sec)
T1 (sec)
KFE
TFE (sec)
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Default
0,025
0,1
0,2
10
0,1
7
-7
0,14
2,7
12
0,1
0,4
1
4
0,4
5
0,5
0,2
0,2
2
0,06
2
3

Min

Max

User value

Page 13 of 82

2.1.6.3

EMAC1T_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'EMAC1T_gmb', 38, '1', 0.025 0.1 0.2 10 0.1 7 -7 0.14 2.7 12 0.1
0.4 1 4 0.4 5 0.5 0.2 0.2 2 0.06 2 3 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

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2.1.7

ESAC1A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type AC1A excitation system model

2.1.7.1

ESAC1A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.7.2

ESAC1A_gmb - Parameters

Description
TR (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VAMAX
VAMIN
TE > 0 (sec)
KF
TF > 0 (sec)
KC
KD
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)
VRMAX
VRMIN

2.1.7.3

Default
0,01
0,1
0,2
80
0,2
15
-15
0,2
0,03
1,49
1
0,4
1
4
0,4
5
0,5
14,99
-14,99

Min
0
0
0
0,01
0
0
-15
0,021
0
0,021
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-14,99

Max
0,49
19,99
19,99
999,99
9,99
15
0
1,49
0,29
1,49
1
1
1

User value

14,99
0

ESAC1A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'ESAC1A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.01 0.1 0.2 80 0.2 15 -15 0.2 0.03 1.49
1 0.4 1 4 0.4 5 0.5 14.99 -14.99 /
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 15 of 82

2.1.8

ESAC2A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type AC2A excitation system model

2.1.8.1

ESAC2A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.8.2

ESAC2A_gmb - Parameters

Description
TR (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VAMAX
VAMIN
KB
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE > 0 (sec)
VFEMAX
KH
KF
TF > 0 (sec)
KC
KD
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)
VUEL
VOEL

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Default
0,1
8
19,99
80
0,01
8
-8
25
15
-95
0,2
7
1
0,01
1
0,5
0,35
1
4
0,4
5
0,5
0
0

Min
0
0
0
0,01
0
0,01
-10
0,01
0,01
-500
0,021
-4,99
0
0
0,021
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
19,99
19,99
999,99
9,99
10
-0,01
499,99
500
-0,01
1,99
20
1,1
0,29
1,49
1
1
1

User value

0,99
0,99
1
1

Page 16 of 82

2.1.8.3

ESAC2A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'ESAC2A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.1 8 19.99 80 0.01 8 -8 25 15 -95 0.2 7
1 0.01 1 0.5 0.35 1 4 0.4 5 0.5 0 0 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 17 of 82

2.1.9

ESAC4A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type AC4A excitation system model

2.1.9.1

ESAC4A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.9.2

ESAC4A_gmb - Parameters

Description
TR
VIMAX
VIMIN
TC
TB (sec)
KA
TA
VRMAX
VRMIN
KC

2.1.9.3

Default
0,01
0,2
-0,19
1
1
80
0,4
4,3
-3
0,1

Min
0
0,01
-0,19
0
0,041
50,01
0
3
-8
0

Max
0,099
0,2
0
9,99
19,99
1000
0,49
8
-3
0,29

User value

ESAC4A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'ESAC4A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.01 0.2 -0.19 1 1 80 0.4 4.3 -3 0.1 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 18 of 82

2.1.10

ESAC5A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type AC5A excitation system model

2.1.10.1 ESAC5A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.10.2 ESAC5A_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX or zero
VRMIN
KE or zero
TE > 0 (sec)
KF
TF1 > 0 (sec)
TF2 (sec)
TF3 (sec)
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,025
50
0,1
6
-6
1
0,041
0,001
1
0,1
0,1
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
0
10,01
0
0,51
-9,99
-1
0,041
0,01
0,041
0
0
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
499,99
0,099
9,99
-0,01
1
0,99
0,29
1,49

User value

0,99

2.1.10.3 ESAC5A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'ESAC5A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.025 50 0.1 6 -6 1 0.041 0.001 1 0.1 0.1
4 0.4 5 0.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 19 of 82

2.1.11

ESAC6A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type AC6A excitation system model

2.1.11.1 ESAC6A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.11.2 ESAC6A_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
TK (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
VAMAX
VAMIN
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE (>0) (sec)
VFELIM
KH
VHMAX
TH (sec)
TJ (sec)
KC
KD
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,025
50
0,1
1
0,1
0,2
10
-10
20
-20
1
0,4
0
7
0,02
1
0,35
1
0,034
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
0
0,01
0
0,01
0
0
0,01
-10
0,01
-100
0,021
0,01
0
0,01
0
0
0
0,01
0,01
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
999,99
9,99
9,99
19,99
19,99
10
-0,01
100
-0,01
1,99
20
1,1
100
1
1
1
2
2

User value

2.1.11.3 ESAC6A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'ESAC6A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.025 50 0.1 1 0.1 0.2 10 -10 20 -20 1
0.4 0 7 0.02 1 0.35 1 0.034 4 0.4 5 0.5 /
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 20 of 82

2.1.12

ESDC1A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type DC1A excitation system model

2.1.12.1 ESDC1A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.12.2 ESDC1A_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
VRMAX or zero
VRMIN
KE or zero
TE (> 0) (sec)
KF
TF1 (> 0) (sec)
Switch
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,1
50
0,1
0,1
0,2
9,99
-9,99
1
0,2
0,11
1
1
2,47
0,035
3,5
0,5

Min
0
10,01
0
0
0
0,51
-9,99
-1
0,041
0,01
0,041
0
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
499,99
0,99

User value

9,99
-0,01
1
0,99
0,29
1,49
1
0,99

2.1.12.3 ESDC1A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'ESDC1A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.1 50 0.1 0.1 0.2 9.99 -9.99 1 0.2 0.11
1 1 2.47 0.035 3.5 0.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 21 of 82

2.1.13

ESDC2A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type DC2A excitation system model

2.1.13.1 ESDC2A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.13.2 ESDC2A_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
VRMAX or zero
VRMIN
KE or zero
TE (> 0) (sec)
KF
TF1 (> 0) (sec)
Switch
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,1
10,01
0,06
0,1
0,2
9,99
-9,99
1
0,08
0,11
1
1
2,47
0,035
3,5
0,5

Min
0
10,01
0
0
0
0,51
-9,99
-1
0,041
0,01
0,041
0
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
499,99
0,99

User value

9,99
-0,01
1
1,99
0,29
1,49
1
0,99

2.1.13.3 ESDC2A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'ESDC2A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.1 10.01 0.06 0.1 0.2 9.99 -9.99 1 0.08
0.11 1 1 2.47 0.035 3.5 0.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 22 of 82

2.1.14

ESST1A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type ST1A excitation system model

2.1.14.1 ESST1A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.14.2 ESST1A_gmb - Parameters


Description
UEL
VOS
TR (sec)
VIMAX
VIMIN
TC (sec)
TB (sec)
TC1 (sec)
TB1 (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VAMAX
VAMIN
VRMAX
VRMIN
KC
KF
TF > 0 (sec)
KLR
ILR

Default
1
1
0,1
0,2
-0,2
0,01
10
0,01
0,1
51
0,01
4,6
-4,6
3,4
-3,4
0,01
0,1
0,31
1
2

Min

Max

0
0
-0,3
0
0,04
0
0,04
50
0
3
-8
3
-8
0
0
0,3
0
0

0,1
0,2
0
10
20
10
20
1000
0,5
8
-3
8
-3
0,3
0,3
1,5
5
5

User value

2.1.14.3 ESST1A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'ESST1A_gmb', 38, '1', 1 1 0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.01 10 0.01 0.1 51 0.01
4.6 -4.6 3.4 -3.4 0.01 0.1 0.31 1 2 /
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 23 of 82

2.1.15

ESST2A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type ST2A excitation system model

2.1.15.1 ESST2A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.15.2 ESST2A_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
KE
TE (>0) (sec)
KF
TF (>0) (sec)
KP
KI
KC
EFDMAX

Default
0,0001
120
0,1
1,49
-1
1
0,3
0,03
1
1,19
6
0,3
6,5

Min
0
10,01
0
0,51
-1,49
0,041
0,041
0,01
0,041
1,19
0
0,01
1,01

Max
0,49
999,99
0,99
1,49
0,49
1
1,99
0,29
1,49
1,19
8
1,99
9,99

User value

2.1.15.3 ESST2A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'ESST2A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.0001 120 0.1 1.49 -1 1 0.3 0.03 1 1.19
6 0.3 6.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 24 of 82

2.1.16

ESST3A_gmb - 1992 IEEE type ST2A excitation system model

2.1.16.1 ESST3A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.16.2 ESST3A_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
VIMAX
VIMIN
KM
TC (sec)
TB (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
KG
KP
KI
VBMAX
KC
XL
VGMAX
P (degrees)
TM (sec)
VMMAX
VMMIN
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Default
0.025
0.5
-0.5
12
1
10
80
0.02
5
-5
0.5
2
1.1
10
0
0.4
10
30
0.5
1
-1

Min
0
0.01
-0.99
0.01
0.01
0.041
0.01
0
0.51
-10
0
1.01
0
0.01
0
0.01
0.01
-89.99
0
0.51
-1.49

Max
0.49
0.99
-0.01
999.99
19.99
19.99
200
0.99
10
0.49
1.09
9.99
1.1
19.99
0.99
0.49
19.99
89.99
0.99
1.5
0.49

User value

Page 25 of 82

2.1.16.3 ESST3A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'ESST3A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.025 0.5 -0.5 12 1 10 80 0.02 5 -5 0.5 2
1.1 10 0 0.4 10 30 0.5 1 -1/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 26 of 82

2.1.17

ESST4B_gmb - IEEE type ST4B potential or compounded


source-controlled rectifier exciter

2.1.17.1 ESST4B_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.17.2 ESST4B_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KPR
KIR
VRMAX
VRMIN
TA (sec)
KPM
KIM
VMMAX
VMMIN
KG
KP
KI
VBMAX
KC
XL
THETAP

Default
0.3
2.97
2.97
1
-0.87
0.01
1
0.2
1
-0.87
0.1
6.73
0.1
8.41
0.1
0
0

Min
0
0
0
0.8
-6
0
0
0
0.8
-118.8
0
1
01.1
1.01
0
0
-89.99

Max
0.49
75
75
10
0
0.99
1.2
18
118
0
1.09
9.99

User value

19.99
0.99
0.49
89.99

2.1.17.3 ESST4B_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL','ESST4B_gmb', 38,'1', 0.3 2.97 2.97 1 -0.87 0.01 1 0.2 1 -0.87
0.1 6.73 0.1 8.41 0.1 0 0 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 27 of 82

2.1.18

EXAC1_gmb - 1981 IEEE type AC1 excitation system model

2.1.18.1 EXAC1_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.18.2 EXAC1_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE > 0 (sec)
KF
TF > 0 (sec)
KC
KD
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,01
0,1
0,2
80
0,2
14,99
-14,99
0,2
0
1
0,5
0,4
1
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
0
0
0
0,01
0
0,01
-14,99
0,021
0
0,021
0
0
0
0
0
5
0,5

Max
0,49
19,99
19,99
999,99
9,99
14,99
-0,01
1,99
0,29
1,49
1
1
1

User value

2.1.18.3 EXAC1_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXAC1_gmb', 38, '1', 0.01 0.1 0.2 80 0.2 14.99 -14.99 0.2 0 1
0.5 0.4 1 4 0.4 5 0.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 28 of 82

2.1.19

EXAC1A_gmb - Modified type AC1 excitation system model

2.1.19.1 EXAC1A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.19.2 EXAC1A_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE > 0 (sec)
KF
TF > 0 (sec)
KC
KD
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,1
0,1
0,2
80
0,2
10
-10
0,2
0,03
1
0,5
0,4
1
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
0
0
0
0,01
0
0,01
-10
0,021
0
0,021
0
0
0,01
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
19,99
19,99
999,99
9,99
10
-0,01
1,99
0,29
1,49
1
1
1

User value

2.1.19.3 EXAC1A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXAC1A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.1 0.1 0.2 80 0.2 10 -10 0.2 0.03 1 0.5
0.4 1 4 0.4 5 0.5 /
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 29 of 82

2.1.20

EXAC2_gmb - 1981 IEEE type AC2 excitation system model

2.1.20.1 EXAC2_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.20.2 EXAC2_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VAMAX
VAMIN
KB
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE > 0 (sec)
KL
KH
KF
TF > 0 (sec)
KC
KD
KE
VLR
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Default
0,03
0,03
0,03
50
0,03
8,05
-8,05
4
105
-85
0,34
1,1
0,05
0,03
1,2
0,283
0,368
1
5,001
3,3
0,0103
4,4
0,758

Min
0
0
0
0,01
0
0,01
-10
0
0
-500
0,021
0
0
0
0,021
0
0
0,01
5,01
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
19,99
19,99
999,99
9,99
9,99
-0,01
499,99
500
0
1,99
1,1
1,1
0,29
1,49
1
1
1
10

User value

Page 30 of 82

2.1.20.3 EXAC2_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXAC2A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.03 0.03 0.03 50 0.03 8.05 -8.05 4 105 85 0.34 1.1 0.05 0.03 1.2 0.283 0.368 1 5.001 3.3 0.0103 4.4 0.0758 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 31 of 82

2.1.21

EXAC4_gmb - 1981 IEEE type AC4 excitation system model

2.1.21.1 EXAC4_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.21.2 EXAC4_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
VIMAX
VIMIN
TC
TB (sec)
KA
TA
VRMAX
VRMIN
KC

Default
0,09
0,2
-0,19
0,1
0,2
50,01
0,1
4,91
-4,91
0,1

Min
0
0,01
-0,19
0
0,041
50,01
0
3
-8
0

Max
0,09
0,2
0
9,99
19,99
1000
0,49
8
-3
0,29

User value

2.1.21.3 EXAC4_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXAC4_gmb', 38, '1', 0.09 0.2 -0.19 0.1 0.2 50.01 0.1 4.91 4.91 0.1 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 32 of 82

2.1.22

EXBAS_gmb - Basler static voltage regulator feeding dc or ac rotating


exciter model

2.1.22.1 EXBAS_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.22.2 EXBAS_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR, voltage transducer time constant
(sec)
KP, proportional gain
KI, integral (reset) gain
KA, gain
TA, bridge time constant (sec)
TB, lag time constant (sec)
TC, lead time constant(sec)
VRMAX, maximum control output (pu)
VRMIN, minimum control output (pu)
KF, rate feedback gain
TF, rate feedback time constant (> 0)
(sec)
TF1, feedback lead time constant (sec)
TF2, feedback lag time constant (sec)
KE, exciter field proportional constant
TE, exciter field time constant (> 0) (sec)
KC, rectifier regulation factor (pu)
KD, exciter regulation factor (pu)
E1, exciter flux at knee of curve (pu)
SE (E1), saturation factor at knee of curve
E2, maximum exciter flux (pu)
SE (E2), saturation factor at maximum
exciter flux (pu)

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Default
0,2

Min
0

Max
0,49

2
1
10,01
0,01
0,065
0,45
10
-3,5
0,02
0,5

0,01
0
10,01
0
0
0
0,51
-19,99

4,99
1,09
4000
10
19,99
19,99
19,99
-0,01

0,041

1,49

0,1
0,1
1
0,5
0,3
0,6
4
0,4
5
0,5

0
0
-1
0,041

0
0
0
0

User value

1
9,99
1
2
0,99

Page 33 of 82

2.1.22.3 EXBAS_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXBAS_gmb', 38, '1', 0.2 2 1 10.01 0.01 0.065 0.45 10 -3.5 0.02
0.5 0.1 0.1 1 0.5 0.3 0.6 4 0.4 5 0.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 34 of 82

2.1.23

EXDC2_gmb - 1981 IEEE type DC2 excitation system model

2.1.23.1 EXDC2_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.23.2 EXDC2_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
VRMAX or zero
VRMIN
KE or zero
TE (> 0) (sec)
KF
TF1 (> 0) (sec)
Switch
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,01
80
0,02
1
1
9,9
-3,6
1
0,2
0,03
1,49
0
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
0
10,01
0
0
0
0,51
-9,99
-1
0,041
0,01
0,041
0
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
499,99
0,99

User value

9,99
-0,01
1
1,99
0,29
1,49
1

2.1.23.3 EXDC2_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXDC2_gmb', 38, '1', 0.01 80 0.02 1 1 9.9 -3.6 1 0.2 0.03 1.49
0 4 0.4 5 0.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 35 of 82

2.1.24

EXELI_gmb - Static PI transformer fed excitation system model

2.1.24.1 EXELI_gmb Block Diagram

2.1.24.2 EXELI_gmb Parameters


Description
TFV > 0, voltage transducer time constant (sec)

TFI > 0, current transducer time constant (sec)


TNU > 0, controller reset time constant (sec)
VPU, voltage controller proportional gain
VPI, current controller gain
VPNF > 0, controller follow-up gain
DPNF > 0, controller follow-up dead band (pu)
EFDMIN, minimum open circuit excitation voltage(pu)
EFDMAX > EFDMIN, maximum open circuit excitation
voltage (pu)
XE > 0, excitation transformer effective reactance
(pu)
TW > 0, stabilizer feedback time constant (sec)
KS1, first stabilizer gain
KS2, second stabilizer gain
TS1 > 0, first stabilizer time constant (sec)
TS2 > 0, second stabilizer feedback time constant
(sec)
SMAX > 0, stabilizer limit (pu)

Default
0,2
0,2
0,1
0,8
0,8
0
0
0

Min

Max
0
0
0

User values

0
0

5
0,1
0,1
0,9
0,1
0,1

0
0

0,1
0,9

0
0

2.1.24.3 EXELI_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL' , 'EXELI_gmb' ,38, '1', 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.8 0 0 0 5 0.1 0.1 0.9
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.9 /
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 36 of 82

2.1.25

EXNEBB_gmb - Bus or solid fed SCR bridge excitation system model


type NEBB (NVE)

2.1.25.1 EXNEBB_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.25.2 EXNEBB_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR
K1
T11
T12
T13
K2
T21
T22
T23
VRMAX pu
VRMIN pu
IFMAX (max.field current) pu
IFMIN (min. field current) pu
FLAG

Default
0,02
0,2
0,2
0,1
0,02
3
0,2
0,1
0,3
10
-10
5
-5
1

Min
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Max

User value

2.1.25.3 EXNEBB_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXNEBB_gmb', 38, '1', 0.02 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.02 3 0.2 0.1 0.3 10 10 5 -5 1 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 37 of 82

2.1.26

EXNI _gmb - Bus or solid fed SCR bridge excitation system model type
NI (NVE)

2.1.26.1 EXNI_gmb Block Diagram

2.1.26.2 EXNI_gmb Parameters


Description

Default

TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX pu
VRMIN pu
KF
TF1 (sec)
TF2 (sec)

0,06
20
1
4
-4
0,019
0,64
0,32

0
0
0

SWITCH

1
10

RCFD

Value

Min

Max

0
0
0
1

2.1.26.3 EXNI_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL' , 'EXNI_gmb' ,38,

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

'1',

0.06 20 1 4 -4 0.019 0.64 0.32 1 10 /

Page 38 of 82

2.1.27

EXST1_gmb - 1981 IEEE type ST1 excitation system model

2.1.27.1 EXST1_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.27.2 EXST1_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
VIMAX
VIMIN
TC
TB (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
KC
KF
TF (> 0) (sec)

Default
0,02
0,2
0
1
1
80
0,05
8
-3
0,2
0,1
1

Min
0
0
-0,29
0
0,041
50,01
0,041
3
-8
0
0,01
0,31

Max
0,09
0,2
0
9,99
19,99
1000
0,49
8
-3
0,29
0,3
1,5

User value

2.1.27.3 EXST1_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXST1_gmb', 38, '1', 0.02 0.2 0 1 1 80 0.05 8 -3 0.2 0.1 1 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 39 of 82

2.1.28

EXST2_gmb - 1981 IEEE type ST2 excitation system model

2.1.28.1 EXST2_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.28.2 EXST2_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
KE
TE (>0) (sec)
KF
TF (>0) (sec)
KP
KI
KC
EFDMAX

Default
0,025
100
0,1
5
-5
1
0,5
0,01
0,6
1,19
1,2
1
4

Min
0
10,01
0

Max
0,49
999,99
0,99

0,041
0,041
0,01
0,041
1,19
0
0,01
1,01

1
1,99
0,29
1,49
1,19
8
1,99
9,99

User value

2.1.28.3 EXST2_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXST2_gmb', 38, '1', 0.025 100 0.1 5 -5 1 0.5 0.01 0.6 1.19 1.2
1 4 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 40 of 82

2.1.29

EXST2A_gmb - Modified 1981 IEEE type ST2 excitation system model

2.1.29.1 EXST2A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.29.2 EXST2A_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
KE
TE (> 0) (sec)
KF
TF (> 0) (sec)
KP
KI
KC
EFDMAX

Default
0,1
10,01
0,1
1,49
-1,49
0,1
0,3
0,01
1
1,19
0
0,1
4

Min
0
10,01
0
0,51
-1,49
0,041
0,041
0,01
0,041
1,19
0
0,01
1,01

Max
0,49
999,99
0,99
1,49
0,49
1
1,99
0,29
1,49
1,19
8
1,99
9,99

User value

2.1.29.3 EXST2A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXST2A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.1 10.01 0.1 1.49 -1.49 0.1 0.3 0.01 1
1.19 0 0.1 4 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 41 of 82

2.1.30

EXST3_gmb - 1981 IEEE type ST3 excitation system model

2.1.30.1 EXST3_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.30.2 EXST3_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
VIMAX
VIMIN
KJ
TC (sec)
TB (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
KG
KP
KI
EFDMAX
KC
XL
VGMAX
P (degrees)

Default
0.02
0.2
-0.2
200
1
19
0.8
0.9
1
0
1
3.658
1.1
5.54
0.02
0.1175
6.01
30

Min
0
0.01
-0.99
0.01
0.01
0.041
0.01
0
0.51
-10
0
1.1
0
1.01
0
0.01
0.01
-89.99

Max
0.49
0.99
-0.01
999.99
19.99
19.99
200
0.99
10
0.49
1.09
9.99
1.1
19.99
0.99
0.49
19.99
89.99

User value

2.1.30.3 EXST3_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'EXST3_gmb', 38, '1', 0.02 0.2 -0.2 200 1 19 0.8 0.9 1 0 1 3.658 1.1 5.54 0.02 0.1175 6.01
30 /
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 42 of 82

2.1.31

IEEET2_gmb - 1968 IEEE type 2 excitation system model

2.1.31.1 IEEET2_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.31.2 IEEET2_gmb - Parameters


Description

Default

Min

Max

TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX or zero
VRMIN
KE
TE (>0) (sec)
KF
TF1 (>0) (sec)
TF2 (>0) (sec)
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

0,1
50
0,1
8,2
-5,5
1
0,1
0,02
0,23
1,22
3,45
0,03
4,6
0,096

0
10,01
0
0,51
-9,99
-1
0,041
0,01
0,041
0,041
0
0
0
0

0,49
499,99
0,99
9,99
-0,01
1
0,99
0,29
1,49
1,49

User
value

0,99

2.1.31.3 IEEET2_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEEET2_gmb', 38, '1', 0.1 50 0.1 8.2 -5.5 1 0.1 0.02 0.23 1.22
3.45 0.03 4.6 0.096 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 43 of 82

2.1.32

IEEET3_gmb - 1968 IEEE type 3 excitation system model

2.1.32.1 IEEET3_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.32.2 IEEET3_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE (> 0) (sec)
KF
TF (> 0) (sec)
KP (> 0)
KI or zero
VBMAX (pu voltage base)
KE

Default
0.01
120
0.05
1.49
-1.49
0.5
0.03
0.5
1.19
2.3
3.99
1

Min
0
10.01
0
0.51
-1.49
0.041
0.01
0.041
1.19

Max
0.49
199.99
0.99
1.49
-0.51
1.49
0.29
1.49
1.19

1.01
0

3.99
1

User value

2.1.32.3 IEEET3_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEEET3_gmb', 38, '1', 0.01 120 0.05 1.49 -1.49 0.5 0.03 0.5
1.19 2.3 3.99 1 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 44 of 82

2.1.33

IEEET4_gmb - 1968 IEEE type 4 excitation system model

2.1.33.1 IEEET4_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.33.2 IEEET4_gmb - Parameters


Description
KR
TRH (> 0) (sec)
KV
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE (> 0) (sec)
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,02
87
0,05
6
0
0,5
0,02
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
0,011
2,01
0,021
2,01
0
0,041
-0,99
0
0

Max
0,049
99,99
0,099
9,99
1,99
0,99
0,09

User value

0,99

2.1.33.3 IEEET4_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEEET4_gmb', 38, '1', 0.02 87 0.05 6 0 0.5 0.02 4 0.4 5 0.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 45 of 82

2.1.34

IEEET5_gmb - Modified 1968 IEEE type 4 excitation system model

2.1.34.1 IEEET5_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.34.2 IEEET5_gmb - Parameters


Description
TRH (> 0) (sec)
KV
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE (> 0) (sec)
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
3
0,099
6
0
0,1
0,099
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
2,01
0,021
2,01
0
0,041
-0,99
0
0

Max
99,99
0,099
9,99
1,99
0,99
0,099

User value

2.1.34.3 IEEET5_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEEET5_gmb', 38, '1', 3 0.099 6 0 0.1 0.099 4 0.4 5 0.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 46 of 82

2.1.35

IEEEX1_gmb - 1979 IEEE type 1 excitation system model and 1981 IEEE
type DC1 model

2.1.35.1 IEEEX1_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.35.2 IEEEX1_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
VRMAX or zero
VRMIN
KE or zero
TE (>0) (sec)
KF
TF1 (>0) (sec)
Switch
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,025
98
0,2
0,5
1
9
-5
0,5
0,35
0,03
0,4
0
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
0
10,01
0
0
0
0,51
-9,99
-1
0,041
0,01
0,041
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
499,99
0,99

User value

9,99
-0,01
1
0,99
0,29
1,49

0,99

2.1.35.3 IEEEX1_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEEEX1_gmb', 38, '1', 0.025 98 0.2 0.5 1 9 -5 0.5 0.35 0.03 0.4
0 4 0.4 5 0.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 47 of 82

2.1.36

IEEEX2_gmb - 1979 IEEE type 2 excitation system model

2.1.36.1 IEEEX2_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.36.2 IEEEX2_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
VRMAX or zero
VRMIN
KE or zero
TE (> 0) (sec)
KF
TF1 (> 0) (sec)
TF2 (> 0) (sec)
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,02
80
0,1
0,1
1
5
-5
0,7
0,1
0,03
0,11
1
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
0
10,01
0
0
0
0,51
-9,99
-1
0,041
0
0,041
0,041
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
499,99
0,99

User value

9,99
-0,01
1
0,99
0,29
1,49
1,49
0,99

2.1.36.3 IEEEX2_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEEEX2_gmb', 38, '1', 0.02 80 0.1 0.1 1 5 -5 0.7 0.1 0.03 0.11
1 4 0.4 5 0.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 48 of 82

2.1.37

IEEEX3_gmb - 1979 IEEE type 3 excitation system model

2.1.37.1 IEEEX3_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.37.2 IEEEX3_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE (> 0) (sec)
KF
TF (> 0) (sec)
KP (> 0)
KI or zero
VBMAX (pu voltage base)
KE

Default
0,025
37
0,01
1
-1
0,2
0,2
1
1,19
1
3
0,2

Min
0
10,01
0
0,51
-1,49
0,041
0,01
0,041
1,19
0,91
1,01
0,01

Max
0,49
199,99
0,99
1,49
-0,51
1,49
0,29
1,49
1,19
1,09
3,99
1

User value

2.1.37.3 IEEEX3_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEEEX3_gmb', 38, '1', 0.025 37 0.01 1 -1 0.2 0.2 1 1.19 1 3
0.2/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 49 of 82

2.1.38

IEEEX4_gmb - 1979 IEEE type 4 excitation system, 1981 IEEE type DC3
and 1992 IEEE type DC3A models

2.1.38.1 IEEEX4_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.38.2 IEEEX4_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
TRH (> 0) (sec)
KV
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE (> 0) (sec)
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,1
10
0,099
2,1
0
0,14
0,099
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
0,01
2,01
0,021
2,01
0
0,041
-0,99
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
99,99
0,099
9,99
1,99
0,99
0,099

User value

2.1.38.3 IEEEX4_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEEEX4_gmb', 38, '1', 0.1 10 0.099 2.1 0 0.14 0.099 4 0.4 5
0.5/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 50 of 82

2.1.39

IEET1A_gmb - Modified 1968 IEEE type 1 excitation system model

2.1.39.1 IEET1A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.39.2 IEET1A_gmb Parameters


Description
KA
TA (sec)
VRMAX
VRMIN
KE
TE (> 0) (sec)
KF
TF (> 0) (sec)
EFDMIN
E1
SE (E1)
E2 (EFDMAX)
SE (EFDMAX)

Default
300
0,002
2
-2
0,02
0,5
0,1
1
0
3
0,3
4
0,4

Min
10,01
0
0,51
-9,99
-1
0,041
0,01
0,041
0
0
0
0
0

Max
499,99
0,99
9,99
-0,01
1
0,99
0,29
1,49

User value

0,99

2.1.39.3 IEET1A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEET1A_gmb', 38, '1', 300 0.002 2 -2 0.02 0.5 0.1 1 0 3 0.3 4
0.4 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 51 of 82

2.1.40

IEET1B_gmb - Modified 1968 IEEE type 1 excitation system model

2.1.40.1 IEET1B_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.40.2 IEET1B_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
VSMAX
VSMIN
KA
TA1 (sec)
VRMAX or zero
VRMIN
TA2 (sec)
KF1
TF1(> 0) (sec)
KE or zero
TE (>0) (sec)
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)
Switch
Xe, compensation

Default
0,001
4
-4
54
1
3
-3
0,01
1
5
0,2
0,1
4
0,4
5
0,5
0
0,8

Min

Max

User values

2.1.40.3 IEET1B_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL' , 'IEET1B_gmb' ,38,
4 0.4 5 0.5 0 0.8 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

'1',

0.001 4 -4 54 1 3 -3 0.01 1 5 0.2 0.1

Page 52 of 82

2.1.41

IEET5A_gmb - Modified 1968 IEEE type 4 excitation system model

2.1.41.1 IEET5A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.41.2 IEET5A_gmb - Parameters


Description
KA
TRH (sec)
KV
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE (> 0) (sec)
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)
EFDMAX
EFDMIN

Default
2,2
0,1
2
4
0
0,05
0,099
4
0,4
5
0,5
6
0

Min
0,01

Max
24,99

2,01
0
0,041
-0,99
0
0
0
0

9,99
1,99
0,99
0,099

User value

0,99

2.1.41.3 IEET5A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEET5A_gmb', 38, '1', 2.2 0.1 2 4 0 0.05 0.099 4 0.4 5 0.5 6 0/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 53 of 82

2.1.42

IEEX2A_gmb - 1979 IEEE type 2A excitation system model

2.1.42.1 IEEX2A_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.42.2 IEEX2A_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR (sec)
KA
TA (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
VRMAX or zero
VRMIN
KE or zero
TE (> 0) (sec)
KF
TF1 (> 0) (sec)
E1
SE (E1)
E2
SE (E2)

Default
0,1
50
0,099
0,1
0,2
9,99
-9,99
0,1
0,3
0,1
1
4
0,4
5
0,5

Min
0
10,01
0
0
0
0,51
-9,99
-1
0,041
0,01
0,041
0
0

Max
0,49
499,99
0,099

User value

9,99
-0,01
1
0,99
0,29
1,49
1

2.1.42.3 IEEX2A_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEEX2A_gmb', 38, '1', 0.1 50 0.099 0.1 0.2 9.99 -9.99 0.1 0.3
0.1 1 4 0.4 5 0.5/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 54 of 82

2.1.43

IVOEX_gmb - IVO excitation system model

2.1.43.1 IVOEX_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.43.2 IVOEX_gmb - Parameters


Description
K1
A1
A2
T1
T2
MAX1
MIN1
K3
A3
A4
T3
T4
MAX3
MIN3
K5
A5
A6
T5
T6
MAX5
MIN5

Default
1
0,5
0,5
0,05
0,1
5
-5
3
0,5
0,5
0,1
0,1
5
-5
1
0,5
0,5
0,1
0,1
5
-2

Min

Max

User value

2.1.43.3 IVOEX_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IVOEX_gmb', 38, '1', 1 0.5 0.5 0.05 0.1 5 -5 3 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1
5 -5 1 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1 5 -2/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 55 of 82

2.1.44

OEX3T_gmb - Ontario Hydro IEEE Type ST1 excitation system


with semicontinuous and acting terminal voltage limiter

2.1.44.1 OEX3T_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.44.2 OEX3T_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR
T1 (sec)
T2 (sec)
T3 (sec)
T4 (sec)
KA
T5 (sec)
T6 (sec) ( T5)
VRMAX
VRMIN
TE (> 0) (sec)
KF
TF (> 0) (sec)
KC
KD
KE
E1
SE (E1)
E2 (E2 > E1)
SE (E2)

Default
0,01
50
0,06
0,01
0,03
0,3
2,5
1,4
5
-5
0,03
1
2,5
0,02
0,5
0,11
2,47
0,035
3,5
0,5

Min

Max

User value

2.1.44.3 OEX3T_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'OEX3T_gmb', 38, '1', 0.01 50 0.06 0.01 0.03 0.3 2.5 1.4 5 -5
0.03 1 2.5 0.02 0.5 0.11 2.47 0.035 3.5 0.5/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 56 of 82

2.1.45

REXSYS_gmb - General purpose rotating excitation system model

2.1.45.1 REXSYS_gmb - Block Diagram

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 57 of 82

2.1.45.2 REXSYS_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR, voltage transducer time constant (sec)
KVP, voltage regulator proportional gain
KVI, voltage regulator integral gain
VIMAX, voltage regulator input limit (pu)
TA, voltage regulator time constant (sec)
TB1, lag-time constant (sec)
TC1, lead-time constant (sec)
TB2, lag-time constant (sec)
TC2, lead-time constant (sec)
VRMAX, maximum controller output (pu)
VRMIN, maximum controller output (pu)
KF, rate feedback gain
TF rate feedback > 0 time constant (sec)
TF1, feedback lead-time constant (sec)
TF2, feedback lag-time constant (sec)
FBF, (0, 1, 2) rate feedback signal flag
KIP, field current regulator proportional
gain
KII, field current regualtor integral gain
TP, field current bridge time constant (sec)
VFMAX, maximum exciter field current (pu)
VFMIN, minimum exciter field current (pu)
KH, field voltage controller feedback gain
KE, exciter field proportional constant
TE, exciter field time constant (sec > 0)
KC, rectifier regulation factor (pu)
KD, exciter regulation factor (pu)
E1, exciter flux at knee of curve (pu)
SE (E1), saturation factor at knee
E2, maximum exciter (pu)
SE (E2), saturation factor at maximum flux
FLIMF, power supply limit factor

Default
0,02
1
3
20
0,2
0,03
0,1
1
1
19,99
-19,99
0,29
1,49
2,4
2,8
0
0,49

Min
0
0
0
0,01
0
0
0
0
0
0,51
-19,99
0,01
0,021
0
0
0
0

Max
0,49
199,99
199,99
20
10
19,99
19,99
19,99
19,99
19,99
-0,01
0,29
1,49

0,49
0,9
99,99
-99,99
1,3
1
0,23
0,5
0,03
4
0,4
5
0,5
1

0
0
0,51
-99,99
-10
-10
0,021

0,49

0
0
0
0
0

User value

2
0,49

99,99
-0,01
10
10
9,99
1
2
1

2.1.45.3 REXSYS_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'REXSYS_gmb', 38, '1', 0.02 1 3 20 0.2 0.03 0.1 1 1 19.99 -19.99
0.29 1.49 2.4 2.8 0 0.49 0.49 0.9 99.99 -99.99 1.3 1 0.23 0.5 0.03 4 0.4 5
0.5 1/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 58 of 82

2.1.46

ST5B_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 ST5B excitation system

2.1.46.1 ST5B_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.46.2 ST5B_gmb - Parameters


Description
TR regulator input filter time constant
(sec)
TC1 lead time constant of first lead-lag
block (voltage regulator channel) (sec)
TB1 lag time constant of first lead-lag
block (voltage regulator channel) (sec)
TC2 lead time constant of second leadlag block (voltage regulator channel)
(sec)
TB2 lag time constant of second lead-lag
block (voltage regulator channel) (sec)
KR (>0) (pu) voltage regulator gain
VRMAX (pu) voltage regulator maximum
limit
VRMIN (pu) voltage regulator minimum
limit
T1 voltage regulator time constant (sec)
KC (pu)
TUC1 lead time constant of first lead-lag
block (underexcitation channel) (sec)
TUB1 lag time constant of first lead-lag
block (underexcitation channel) (sec)
TUC2 lead time constant of second leadlag block (under-excitation channel)
(sec)
TUB2 lag time constant of second leadlag block (under-excitation channel)
(sec)
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Default

Min

Max

0.1

0.000001

1000

0.8

0.000001

1000

0.000001

1000000

0.08

0.000001

1000

0.01

0.000001

1000

200

0.000001

1000000

1000

-4

-1000

0.004
0.004

0.000001
-100000

1000

0.000001

1000

10

0.000001

1000

0.1

0.000001

1000

0.05

0.000001

1000

User value

Page 59 of 82

TOC1 lead time constant of first lead-lag


block (overexcitation channel) (sec)
TOB1 lag time constant of first lead-lag
block (overexcitation channel) (sec)
TOC2 lead time constant of second leadlag block (over-excitation channel) (sec)
TOB2 lag time constant of second leadlag block (overexcitation channel) (sec)
VUEL1
VOEL1

0.1

0.000001

1000

0.000001

1000

0.08

0.000001

1000

0.08

0.000001

1000

0
0

0
0

1
1

2.1.46.3 ST5B_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'ST5B_gmb', 38, '1', 0.1 0.8 6 0.08 0.01 200 5 -4 0.004 0.004 2
10 0.1 0.05 0.1 2 0.08 0.08 0 0/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 60 of 82

2.1.47

ST6B_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 ST6B excitation system

2.1.47.1 ST6B_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.47.2 ST6B_gmb - Parameters


Description
OEL flag (1 or 2, default = 1)
TR regulator input filter time constant
(sec)
KPA (pu) (> 0) voltage regulator
proportional gain
KIA (pu) voltage regulator integral gain
KDA (pu) voltage regulator derivative
gain
TDA voltage regulator derivative channel
time constant (sec)
VAMAX (pu) regulator output maximum
limit
VAMIN (pu) regulator output minimum
limit
KFF (pu) pre-control gain of the inner
loop field regulator
KM (pu) forward gain of the inner loop
field regulator
KCI (pu) exciter output current limit
adjustment gain
KLR (pu) exciter output current limiter
gain
ILR (pu) exciter current limit reference
VRMAX (pu) voltage regulator output
maximum limit
VRMIN (pu) voltage regulator output
minimum limit
KG (pu) feedback gain of the inner loop
field voltage regulator
TG (> 0) feedback time constant of the
inner loop field voltage regulator (sec)

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Default
1
0,012

Min

Max

0,000001

1000

18,038

-0,000001

1000000

45,094
1

-1000
0,000001

1000
1000000

0,1

0,000001

1000000

-0,000001

1000000

-0,000001

1000000

1,0577

-0,000001

1000000

17,33

-0,000001

1000000

4,164
4,81

1000

-1000

1000

0,02

0,000001

1000

User value

4,81
-3,85

-3,85

Page 61 of 82

2.1.47.3 ST6B_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'ST6B_gmb', 38, '1', 1 0.012 18.038 45.094 1 0.1 4.81 -3.85 1 1
1.0577 17.33 4.164 4.81 -3.85 1 0.02/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 62 of 82

2.1.48

ST7B_gmb - IEEE 421.5 2005 ST7B excitation system

2.1.48.1 ST7B_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.48.2 ST7B_gmb - Parameters


Description
OEL flag (1, 2 or 3, default = 1)
UEL flag (1, 2 or 3, default = 1)
TR regulator input filter time constant
(sec)
TG lead time constant of voltage input
(sec)
TF lag time constant of voltage input
(sec)
Vmax (pu) voltage reference maximum
limit
Vmin (pu) voltage reference minimum
limit
KPA (pu) (>0) voltage regulator gain
VRMAX (pu) voltage regulator output
maximum limit
VRMIN (pu) voltage regulator output
minimum limit
KH (pu) feedback gain
KL (pu) feedback gain
TC lead time constant of voltage
regulator (sec)
TB lag time constant of voltage regulator
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Default
1
1
0.01

Min
1
1
0,000001

Max
3
3
1000

0,000001

1000000

0,000001

1000000

1.1

0,001

1000

0.9

-0,001

1000

40
5

-0,000001
0

1000000
1000

-4.5

-0,001

1
1
1

-0,000001
-0,000001
-0,000001

1000000
1000000
1000000

-0,000001

1000000

User value

Page 63 of 82

(sec)
KIA (pu) (>0) gain of the first order
feedback block
TIA (>0) time constant of the first order
feedback block (sec)
OELE (0 or 1, 0=no OEL, 1=OEL exist)
UELE (0 or 1, 0=no UEL, 1= UEL exist)

-0,000001

1000000

-0,000001

1000000

0
0

0
0

1
1

2.1.48.3 ST7B_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'ST7B_gmb', 38, '1', 1 1 0.01 1 1 1.1 0.9 40 5 -4.5 1 1 1 1 1 3
0 0/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 64 of 82

2.1.49

URST5T_gmb - IEEE proposed type ST5B excitation system

2.1.49.1 URST5T_gmb - Block Diagram

2.1.49.2 URST5T_gmb - Parameters


Description
Tr (sec)
TC1 (sec)
TB1 (sec)
TC2 (sec)
TB2 (sec)
KR
VRMAX
VRMIN
T1
KC

Default
0,025
0,1
0,2
1
1
1
10
-10
0,58
0,3

Min

Max

User value

2.1.49.3 URST5T_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'URST5T_gmb', 38, '1', 0.025 0.1 0.2 1 1 1 10 -10 0.58 0.3/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 65 of 82

2.2

Governors (GOV)

2.2.1

BBGOV1_gmb - Brown-Boveri turbine-governor model

2.2.1.1

BBGOV1_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.1.2

BBGOV1_gmb - Parameters

Description
fcut (>0) (pu)
KS
KLS (>0)
KG
KP
TN (sec) (>0)
KD
TD (sec) (>0)
T4 (sec)
K2
T5 (sec)
K3
T6 (sec)
T1 (sec)
SWITCH
PMAX
PMIN

2.2.1.3

Default
0,002
21,6
0,1
1
1
1
1
1
0,16
0,77
12
0,5
0,7
0,05
0
1
0

Min

Max

User value

0
5
0,05

0,01
30
0,3

0,1
1
0,1
0,04
0
0
0
0
0
0,04

2
10
2
2
1
1
50
1
1
5

BBGOV1_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'BBGOV1_gmb', 38, '1', 0.002 21.6 0.1 1 1 1 1 1 0.16 0.77 12 0.5
0.7 0.05 0 1 0/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 66 of 82

2.2.2

CRCMGV_gmb - Cross compound turbine-governor model

2.2.2.1

CRCMGV_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.2.2

CRCMGV_gmb - Parameters

Description
JBUS-Dummy
M-Dummy
PMAX (HP)
R (HP)
T1(HP>0)
T3(HP>0)
T4(HP>0)
T5(HP>0)
F (HP)
DH (HP)
PMAX (LP)
RL (LP)
T1L (LP) (>0)
T3L (LP) (>0)
T4L (LP) (>0)
T5L (LP) (>0)
F (LP)
DH (LP)

2.2.2.3

Default
38
1
1
0,02
1,2
0,8
0,6
0,3
6,1
0
1
0,02
1,2
0,8
0,6
0,3
6,1
0

Min

Max

0,51
0,01
0,041
0,041
0,041
0,041

1,19
0,099

User value

CRCMGV_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'CRCMGV_gmb', 38, '1', 38 1 1 0.02 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.3 6.1 0 1 0.02
1.2 0.8 0.6 0.3 6.1 0/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 67 of 82

2.2.3

DEGOV_gmb - Woodward diesel governor model

2.2.3.1

DEGOV_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.3.2

DEGOV_gmb - Parameters

Description
T1 (sec)
T2 (sec)
T3 (sec)
K
T4 (sec)
T5 (sec)
T6 (sec)
TD (0<TD<12*DELT) (sec)
TMAX
TMIN

2.2.3.3

Default
15
0,2
5
20
5
5
0,25
0,1
1,2
-0,05

Min
0
0
0
15
0
0
0
0
0
-0,05

Max
24,99
0,49
9,99
24,99
24,99
9,99
0,49
0,124
1,49
0,49

User value

DEGOV_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'DEGOV_gmb', 38, '1', 15 0.2 5 20 5 5 0.25 0.1 1.2 -0.05/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 68 of 82

2.2.4

DEGOV1_gmb - Woodward diesel governor model

2.2.4.1

DEGOV1_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.4.2

DEGOV1_gmb - Parameters

Description
Droop control
T1 (sec)
T2 (sec)
T3 (sec)
K
T4 (sec)
T5 (sec)
T6 (sec)
TD (0<TD<12*DELT) (sec)
TMAX
TMIN
Droop
TE

2.2.4.3

Default
0
15
0,2
5
20
5
5
0,25
0,001
1
-0,05
0,05
0,5

Min

Max

0
0
0
15
0
0
0
0
0
-0,05
0
0

24,99
0,49
9,99
24,99
24,99
9,99
0,49
0,124
1,49
0,49
0,09
0,99

User value

DEGOV1_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'DEGOV1_gmb', 38, '1', 0 15 0.2 5 20 5 5 0.25 0.001 1 -0.05 0.05
0.5/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 69 of 82

2.2.5

GAST_gmb - Gas turbine-governor model

2.2.5.1

GAST_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.5.2

GAST_gmb - Parameters

Description
R (speed droop)
T1 (>0) (sec)
T2 (>0) (sec)
T3 (>0) (sec)
Ambient temperature load limit, AT
KT
VMAX
VMIN
Dturb

2.2.5.3

Default
0,047
0,4
0,1
3
0,85
2
0,85
0
0

Min
0,01
0,041
0,041
0,041
0,01
0,01
0,51
0
0

Max
0,099
0,49
0,49
4,99
1
4,99
1,19
0,99
0,49

User value

GAST_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'GAST_gmb', 38, '1', 0.047 0.4 0.1 3 0.85 0 0/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 70 of 82

2.2.6

HYGOV2_gmb - Hydro turbine-governor model

2.2.6.1

HYGOV2_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.6.2

HYGOV2_gmb - Parameters

Description
Kp
Ki
KA
T1
T2
T3 (>0)
T4 (>0)
T5
T6 (>0)
TR (>0)
r, temporary droop
R, permanent droop
+VGMAX
Maximum gate position, GMAX
Minimum gate position, GMIN
PMAX

2.2.6.3

Default
1
1
1
1
2
0,5
0,5
0,3
0,5
0,5
0,3
0,3
1
1
0
1

Min

Max

User value

HYGOV2_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'HYGOV2_gmb', 38, '1', 1 1 1 1 2 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 1 1
0 1/
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 71 of 82

2.2.7

IEEEG1_gmb - 1981 IEEE type 1 turbine-governor model

2.2.7.1

IEEEG1_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.7.2

IEEEG1_gmb - Parameters

Description
JBUS
M
K
T1 (sec)
T2 (sec)
T3 (>0) (sec)
Uo (pu/sec)
Uc (<0) (pu/sec)
PMAX (pu on machine MVA rating)
PMIN (pu on machine MVA rating)
T4 (sec)
K1
K2
T5 (sec)
K3
K4
T6 (sec)
K5
K6
T7 (sec)
K7
K8

2.2.7.3

Default
0
0
20
0,5
1
1
0,1
-0,2
1
0
0,4
0,2
0
7
0,1
0
0,6
0,2
0
0,3
0,1
0

Min

Max

5
0
0
0,041
0,01
-0,3
0,5
0
0,01
-2,0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

30
4,99
9,99
1
0,3
-0,01
2
0,49
1
1
0
9,99
0,49
0,49
9,99
0,34
0,54
9,99
0,29
0,29

User value

IEEEG1_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL','IEEEG1_gmb', 38,'1', 0 0 20 0.5 1 1 0.1 -0.2 1 0 0.4 0.2 0 7 0.1
0 0.6 0.2 0 0.3 0.1 0 /
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 72 of 82

2.2.8

IEEEG2_gmb - 1981 IEEE type 2 turbine-governor model

2.2.8.1

IEEEG2_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.8.2

IEEEG2_gmb - Parameters

Description
K
T1 (sec)
T2 (sec)
T3 (>0) (sec)
PMAX (pu on machine MVA rating)
PMIN (pu on machine MVA rating)
T4 (>0) (sec), water starting time

2.2.8.3

Default
20
50
9,99
1
1,2
0
1

Min
5
0
0
0,041
0,5
0
0,04

Max
30
99,99
9,99
1
1,5
0,5
5

User value

IEEEG2_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'IEEEG2_gmb', 38, '1', 20 50 9.99 1 1.2 0 1/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 73 of 82

2.2.9

IEEEG3_gmb - 1981 IEEE type 3 turbine-governor model

2.2.9.1

IEEEG3_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.9.2

IEEEG3_gmb - Parameters

Description
TG, (>0) (sec), gate servomotor time
constant
TP, (>0) (sec), pilot value time constant
UO (pu per sec), opening gate rate limit
Uc (pu per sec), closing gate rate limit (<0.)
PMAX maximum gate position
(pu on machine MVA rating)
PMIN minimum gate position
(pu on machine MVA rating)
, permanent speed droop coefficient
, transient speed droop coefficient
TR, (>0) (sec)
TW (>0) (sec), water starting time
a11 (>0)
a13
a21
a23 (>0)

2.2.9.3

Default
0,2

Min
0,04

Max
1

0,099
0,1
-0,1
1

0,04
0
-0,29
0,5

0,099
0,29
0
1

0,5

0,05
1
6
1
1
1,49
1
1

0,01
0,01
1
0,041
0,01
0,01
0,01
0,01

0,1
1,2
49,99
9,99
1,49
1,49
1,50
1,49

User value

IEEEG3_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE

For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:


'USRMBL', 'IEEEG3_gmb', 38, '1', 0.2 0.099 0.1 -0.1 1 0 0.05 1 6 1 1 1.49
1 1/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 74 of 82

2.2.10

IEESGO_gmb - 1973 IEEE standard turbine-governor model

2.2.10.1 IEESGO_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.10.2 IEESGO_gmb - Parameters


Description
T1, controller lag (sec)
T2, controller lead compensation (sec)
T3, governor lag (>0) (sec)
T4, delay due to steam inlet volumes
associated with steam chest and inlet
piping (sec)
T5, reheater delay including hot and cold
leads (sec)
T6, delay due to IP-LP turbine, crossover
pipes, and LP end hoods (sec)
K1, 1/per unit regulation
K2, fraction
K3, fraction
PMAX, upper power limit
PMIN, lower power limit

Default
0,1
0,2
0,1
1,0

Min
0
0
0,041
0

Max
99,99
9,99
1
1

0,5

50

0,5

20
0,8
1
1,1
0

5
0
-1
0,5
0

30
3
1
1,5
0,5

User value

2.2.10.3 IEESGO_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IEESGO_gmb', 38, '1', 0.1 0.2 0.1 1 0.5 0.5 20 0.8 1 1.1 0 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 75 of 82

2.2.11

IVOGO_gmb - IVO turbine-governor model

2.2.11.1 IVOGO_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.11.2 IVOGO_gmb - Parameters


Description
K1
A1
A2
T1
T2
MAX1
MIN1
K3
A3
A4
T3
T4
MAX3
MIN3
K5
A5
A6
T5
T6
MAX5
MIN5

Default
1
1
1
0,5
0,5
1
-1
1
0,5
0,5
0,3
0,3
1
-1
1
0,5
0,5
0,3
0,3
1
-1

Min

Max

User value

2.2.11.3 IVOGO_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'IVOGO_gmb', 38, '1', 1 1 1 0.5 0.5 1 -1 1 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 1 -1
1 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 1 -1/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 76 of 82

2.2.12

PIDGOV_gmb - Hydro turbine and governor model

2.2.12.1 PIDGOV_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.12.2 PIDGOV_gmb - Parameters


Description
MF
Rperm, permanent drop, pu
Treg (sec), speed detector time constant
Kp, proportional gain, pu/sec
Ki, reset gain, pu/sec
Kd, derivative gain, pu
Ta (sec) > 0, controller time constant
Tb (sec) > 0, gate servo time constant
Dturb, turbine damping factor, pu
G0, gate opening at speed no load, pu
G1, intermediate gate opening, pu
P1, power at gate opening G1, pu
G2, intermediate gate opening, pu
P2, power at gate opening G2, pu
P3, power at full opened gate, pu
Gmax, maximum gate opening, pu
Gmin, minimum gate opening, pu
Atw > 0, factor multiplying Tw, pu
Tw (sec) > 0, water inertia time constant
Velmax, maximum gate opening velocity,
pu/sec
Velmin < 0, minimum gate opening
velocity, pu/sec

Default
0
0,05
2
5
2,5
0,25
0,5
0,9
0.01
0,02
0,41
0,55
0,62
0,78
1
1
0,1
1
0,05
0,2
-0,2

Min

Max

0,021
0,021

0,99
0,99

0,021
0,01

0,99
0,29

-0,3

-0,01

User value

2.2.12.3 PIDGOV_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'PIDGOV_gmb', 38, '1', 0 0.05 2 5 2.5 0.25 0.5 0.9 0.01 0.02
0.41 0.55 0.62 0.78 1 1 0.1 1 0.05 0.2 -0.2/
Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 77 of 82

2.2.13

TGOV2_gmb - Steam turbine-governor model with fast valving

2.2.13.1 TGOV2_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.13.2 TGOV2_gmb - Parameters


Description
R (pu)
T1 (>0) (sec)
VMAX (pu)
VMIN (pu)
K (pu)
T3 (>0) (sec)
Dt (pu)
Tt (>0) (sec)
TA
TB
TC

Default
0,099
0,3
1
0
0,3
2
0
0,2
0.1
0.3
1.5

Min
0
0,041
0,51
0
0,099
1,01
0
0,041

Max
0,099
0,49
1,19
0,099
0,49
9,99
0,49
0,49

User value

2.2.13.3 TGOV2_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'TGOV2_gmb', 38, '1', 0.099 0.3 1 0 0.3 2 0 0.2 0.1 0.3 1.5 /

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 78 of 82

2.2.14

TGOV3_gmb - Modified IEEE type 1 turbine-governor model


with fast valving

2.2.14.1 TGOV3_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.14.2 TGOV3_gmb - Parameters


Description
K
T1 (sec)
T2 (sec)
T3 (>0) (sec)
Uo
Uc (<0)
PMAX
PMIN
T4 (sec)
K1
T5 (>0) (sec)
K2
T6 (sec)
K3
TA (sec)
TB (sec)
TC (sec)
PRMAX (pu)

Default
20
0,9
0,2
0,5
0,1
-0,1
1
0
0,2
0,5
0,2
0,3
0,2
0,2
0,1
0,2
1,2
1

Min
5
0
0
0,041
0,01
-0,3
0,5
0
0,01
-2
0,041
0
0
0
0,041

Max
30
4,99
9,99
1
0,3
-0,01
1
0,49
1
1
9,99
0,49
9,99
0,34
0,24
49,99
49,99

User value

2.2.14.3 TGOV3_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'TGOV3_gmb', 38, '1', 20 0.9 0.2 0.5 0.1 -0.1 1 0 0.2 0.5 0.2
0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 1.2 1/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 79 of 82

2.2.15

WPIDHY_gmb - Woodward P.I.D. hydro governor model

2.2.15.1 WPIDHY_gmb - Block Diagram

2.2.15.2 WPIDHY_gmb - Parameters


Description
TREG (sec)
REG
KP
KI
KD
TA (>0) (sec)
TB (>0) (sec)
VELMX
VELMN (<0)
GATMX
GATMN
TW (>0) (sec)
PMAX
PMIN
D
G0
G1
P1
G2
P2
P3

Default
2
0,05
5
3
3
1
1
1
-1
1
0,05
2
1
0,01
0,3
0,2
0,5
0,2
0,75
0,5
0,8

Min
0,05
0,01
0
0
0
0,41
0,041
0
-1
0,3
0
0,5
0,5
0
0,01

Max
4,99
0,09
9,99
5
5
2
2
1
0
1
0,5
3
1,1
0,5
0,49

User value

2.2.15.3 WPIDHY_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
'USRMBL', 'WPIDHY_gmb', 38, '1', 2 0.05 5 3 3 1 1 1 -1 1 0.05 2 1 0.01 0.3
0.2 0.5 0.2 0.75 0.5 0.8/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

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2.2.16

WSIEG1_gmb - WECC modified 1981 IEEE type 1 turbine-governor


model

2.2.16.1 WSIEG1_gmb - Block Diagram

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 81 of 82

2.2.16.2 WSIEG1_gmb - Parameters


Description
JBUS
M
K
T1 (sec)
T2 (sec)
T3 (>0) (sec)
UO
UC (<0 )
PMAX
PMIN
T4 (sec)
K1
K2
T5 (sec)
K3
K4
T6 (sec)
K5
K6
T7 (sec)
K7
K8
db1
err
db2
GV1
PGV1
GV2
PGV2
GV3
PGV3
GV4
PGV4
GV5
PGV5
IBLOCK

Default
0
0
10
2
2
0,1
0,3
-0,3
1
0,1
0,5
0,5
0
5
0,1
0,1
5
0,2
0,2
5
0,1
0,1
0,01
0,01
0,01
0,01
0,1
0,3
0,3
0,5
0,5
0,7
0,7
1
1
0

Min

Max

5
0
0
0,041
0,01
-0,3
0,5
0
0,01
-2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

30
4,99
9,99
1
0,3
-0,01
2
0,49
1
1
0
9,99
0,49
0,49
9,99
0,34
0,54
9,99
0,29
0,29
0,02
0,02
0,02

User value

2.2.16.3 WSIEG1_gmb - Example dyr-record for PSSE


For bus 38, generator-id 1 the dyr-record may be:
USRMBL', 'WSIEG1_gmb', 38, '1', 0 0 10 2 2 0.1 0.3 -0.3 1 0.1 0.5 0.5 0 5
0.1 0.1 5 0.2 0.2 5 0.1 0.1 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.7
0.7 1 1 0/

Revision 1.7 / October 2012

Page 82 of 82