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1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

96
2

97
3

98
1

99 100 101 102


4
3
3
2

78 21

PAF

P
1 atm76 cmHg760 mmHg760 torr
1.013105 N/m21.013105 Pa1.013103 hPa

1-1
P
gash

PgasPatm

PgasPatmh

PgasPatmh

4()

VP P1V1P2V2
1808

1811

1
1-2

0 1 22.4

251
24.5
1

100

32 212

K
0 K

TKt273.15
t2t132
VT

VV01t273.15t
T
VnT
VTnP
VnPT

VTn
VR

PVnRT R
R
R0.082 atmLmol1K18.31 Jmol1K1

1 5

PMDRT D

PV

nRT

1-3

diffusion

effusion

Pt

P
i

PtP1P2P3

Xinint

6()

P
iXiPt
1-4

PgPaPH2O mmHg

PgPaPH2O mmHg

PgPaPH2O mmHg

1 7

p.7

1.
2.

78.08

20.95

0.93

0.033

0.003

3.
(1) 013 km

(2) 1350 km
2030 km

90

(3)
5085 km O2O3

O2
90
(4)
85550 km

(5) 5501000 km

8()

(A)(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
[]
[] (C)(E)
[]

(A)(B)
(C)
(D)

90.

(A)(B)(D)

p.9

1.
(1)


(2)

1 9

2.
(1) pressure Parea Aforce
F
P
(2) 1 F
mg9.8 2

(3)

(4) 0 45 1 1
atm 760 mm Hgtorr
1 atm76 cmHg760 mmHg760 torr
1.013105 Nm21.013105 Pa1.013103 hPa
SI Pa 1 Pa1 Nm2
P Fmg
P
mAhd
Phdg13.6 gcm313.6103 kgm3
1 atm0.76 m13.6103 kgm39.8 ms2
1.013105 kgms21.013105 kgms2m21.013105 Nm2

10()

3.

(1)
(A)
(B)
Pgash mmHg
(A)(B)

(A) 0(B)Pgash20 mmHg

(2)
U
(A)
(B)
(C)
(A) (B) (C)

PgasPatm760 mmHg

PgasPatmh
760 mmHg20 mmHg
740 mmHg

PgasPatmh
760 mmHg20 mmHg
780 mmHg

1 11

(A) 1 atm76 cmHg(B) 1 cmHg1 torr(C) 1 Pa1Nm2(D) 760 torr1013 hPa


[]
[] 1 atm760 mmHg760 torr 1 cmHg10 torr

[] 152 cmHg2atm2067.2gwcm22026
2 atm21033.62067.2 gwcm2210132026 hpa

(1) 1 atm mmHg


(a)(b) (c)

(2) (c) cm
[] (1) (a) 835 mmHg(b) 730 mmHg(c) 45 mmHg(2) 71.5 cm
[] (1) (a) 76075835mmHg(b) 76030730mmHg(c) 45 mmHg
(2) 76045715 mmHg71.5 cmHg

[] X 3 Y
4 Y X
(A) 1.8(B) 1.6(C) 1.4(D) 1.2

4x5y 1.2

12()

p.18

1. 1857 Rudolf Clausius


(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

(5)

(6)
2.

3.
(1)

vP

(2)

T
M

1 13

T1T2 T3

(A)T3T2T1(B)T2T1T3
(C)(D)
(E)

94.

[]
[] v T3T2T1

[]

(A)(B)(C)
(D)(E)

TMv2vvvM M M

( ) 1.
(A)(B)(C)
(D)

1. (A)v(B) (C)

( ) 2. 38 cmHg torr

2. 38 cmHg38 10 mmHg380 torr

(A) 0.5(B) 38(C) 516.8(D) 380

3. 21

( ) 3. 16 7
(A) 167(B) 41(C) 21(D) 11

4.

( ) 4.
(A) NeCu(B) O2Ar(C) O2Fe(D) H2H2O
( ) 5.
(A)(B)
(C)(D)

14()

( ) 6.
6.

(A)(B)
(C)(D)

84.

( ) 7. cmHg
(A) 16(B) 20(C) 36(D) 40

7. 766020x
x36cmHg

( ) 8. V M
M2

8.

(A) V2 (B) V2(C) V(D) 2V 88.


( ) 9. 10 atm

9.

(A) 0(B) 1(C) 9(D) 10


( )10.

XY
X Y
h
(A) X Y h cmHg(B) X Y
(C) X Y (D) X Y
10. X Y
VT

? X Y
( )11.

87.

STP

91.

(A)(B)(C)(D)

* ( )12.

11. (1)He(2)N2
(3)(B)

(A)(B)(C)(D)
(E)

12. (A)

* ( )13.
(A)(B)(C)
(D)(E)
* ( )14. 755 mmHg

105 mmHg
(A) 105 mmHg(B) 650 mmHg(C)
(D)(E)
760 mmHg
14. (A)(B)Pgh105 mmHg(C)(D)
(E)

1 15

15. Y
85.
(A) N2(B) O2(C) CO2(D) CH4(E) HCl(F) NH3(G) He

15. HCl NH3 H2O

1. (A)(B) STP
(C)(D)
VCO2VCH453

() 1.
(A)1 1 (B) 22.4
6.02 1023 (C)
(D) 53
* ( ) 2.

88.

(A)(B)(C)
(D)(E)
(F)

2. (B) PV(D) TV

3. 90 cm
9.5 cm
28.5 cm 748 mmHg
(1)
(A)(B)(C)
(D)(E)
(2)
mmHg
(A) 190(B) 285(C) 368(D) 463(E) 515
(1) (2)

90.
3. (2) 28.5 9.519cm Pgas190mmHg

16()

p.20

1. 1662 J

PV

PV

48

29

1.40103

28

50

1.41103

46

30

1.41103

26

54

1.41103

44

31

1.40103

24

58

1.41103

42

33

1.41103

22

64

1.41103

40

35

1.41103

20

70

1.40103

38

37

1.41103

18

77

1.40103

36

39

1.41103

16

87

1.41103

34

41

1.42103

14

100

1.41103

32

44

1.41103

12

117

1.41103

30

47

1.41103

in
inHg
PV 1.41103
2.

Boyle's law
V P P1V1P2V2
P1V1P2V2PV PV

1 17

3.
(A)

(B)

(C)

(A)(B)
(C)

4.
(1)

(A)(B)
(C)

(2)

(A)(B)
(C)

0.50 25 1
5 14

24 91.
(A) 2.9(B) 3.5(C) 4.5(D) 4.9

[]
[] P1761490 cmHgV15 mL
P27624100 cmHg P1V1P2V2 V24.5 mL

18()

[] 1
h 380 mm V
h 190 mm V
88.
(A) V (B) V 20(C) V 50(D) V (E) V
V1 V2

P17603801140P2760190950
nT P1V1P2V21140V1950V2V21.2 V1
10020

1 112.6 cm

(A) 62 cm(B) 36 cm(C) 34 cm(D) 18 cm


[]
[] P176 cmHgh1 A112.6 A xP276xV2x A
76112.676xxx62

[] 1 19 cm
30

40 cm

P2 76 19 57 cmHg V2 h2A P1 76
cmHg
V1 30A P1V1 P2V2 h2 40 cm

p.24

1.
1808

212

212

1 19

2. 1811

(1)
(2)
50

3.
TP V n
4.
1 0 1 STP 22.4
25 1 NTP 24.5

0 1 atm 22.4 L

(A)(B)
(C) 1 atm0 22.4 (D)
(E) 1 atm25 24.5
[]
[] (D)
[] CO CO2
32

PT V V 32

20()

p.26

1.
(1) Celsius scale
1
100
(2) Fahrenheit scale
32 212

(3) Kelvin scaleK


0 K K
K
(4)
TKt273.15
t2t1 32

2.
(1)

VV01t=1273 V0 0 t
1 0 1273
1273.15

1 21

(2)
273.15 0 K

1.0
0 273.15

VV01 t273.15tT
V T
VT
(3)

25 K
[] 298.15 K
[] K25273.15298.15K

[] 32 K
273K

320273 K

22()

27 1 120
1 60
[] 123
[] T2150 K123
[] VtV01 127 128

(A) 1127(B) 2128(C) 1400(D) 1401

111

0 100 ab
(A) (B) (C) (D)
[]
[] 0Kt
t

[] t1t2 32

D x3 t12 t2

x3 t12 t2

27 V 127

(A) V3(B) V4(C) V5(D) V7


[]
[] V T
x

[] 1 atm
(A) 100 K101 K(B) 200 K201 K(C) 0 1 (D) 100 101

100

1 23

( ) 1.

1 5
1. VPVK15V1P V
P 4 atm40 m

(A) 50(B) 40(C) 5(D) 4

( ) 2. 1 25 h 13 cm N2
mmHg 2. PN Pairh7601310
2

890 mmHg

(A) 13(B) 130(C) 773(D) 890

( ) 3. 0 t t0 1a

3. x

(A) (B) (C) (D)


( ) 4. A B B
500 A 760 mmHg A 400
mmHg A
(A) 350(B) 400(C) 450(D) 500

4. A x P1
760 torrV1500 mLP2400 torr
V2x500mL P1V1P2V2
760500400x500x450

( ) 5. 24 cm
5 cm
cm
76 cmHg

5. P176 cmHgh15 cmP27624100 cm


765100h 3.8 cm

(A) 2.4(B) 2.9(C) 3.5(D) 3.8

( ) 6. 1 3 2 A3

6. 1 3 2 A33 AxBy 2 AnBm


(A) AB(B) AB2(C) A2B(D) A2B2
( ) 7.

40
(A) 313(B) 104(C) 252(D) 72

( ) 8.

x y
7. 324032104

(A) 100 K110 K(B) 300 K310 K(C) 0 10 (D) 100 110

( ) 9.

27 2 2.5

(A) 34(B) 68(C) 102(D) 375

( )10.

8. (A) (B) (C) (D)

VtV01 20 21

(A) (B) (C) (D)

9. t102
10.

24()

( )11.

27 127
11.
110075

(A) 25(B) 40(C) 60(D) 75


( )12.

1 0 100
13. PgP0h PgVK P0h hP0

(A) 32 (B) 273 K(C) 173 K(D)

( )13.

(A) 32 (C)
393 K
(D)
12.

(A) (B) (C) (D)

1662 J
28 J 12
V()
h()

14.16.

12 V

10 V

15.7 cm

8V

38.3 cm

6V

75.4 cm

4V

117.8 cm

3V

224.6 cm

( )14.

91.

( )
()

75.4 ()

(A) 0(B) 15.7(C) 38.3(D) 75.4

( )15.

8 V
75.4
(A) 38.3(B) 50.2(C) 113.7(D) 150.8

( )16.

15. P75.438.3113.7cmHg

2 V

16. PVk75.412VP2VP452.4

(A) 225(B) 302(C) 337(D) 452


( )17.

83.

(A) 1 0 (B) 1
100 (C)100 1000 (D)
100 1000

17. (B)1000 273.15

18. (E) P

19. (B)
(C)

1 25

* ( )18. T1T2T3T1T2T P V

(A)(B)(C)(D)(E)

* ( )19.

(A)(B)(C)
(D)(E)
20. (A)(B) Kt 273(E)

* ( )20.

(A)(B)273 (C)
(D) K32(E)

21. 1.0 cm2


76 cmHg
(1) 2.0 cm
(2) 2.0 cm
21. P.26

(1) 29 (2) 20.7

22. 3.2 27 3.0

22. t247

47

( ) 1.

1. 10125x11x225

25 10 1
1
(A) 125(B) 200(C) 225(D) 250

( ) 2.

2. x
P1V1P2V2 P180 cmHgP280xcmHg
8010580xx x60cm

80 cmHg 105

(A) 60(B) 50(C) 34(D) 18

( ) 3.

P J 1.0 cm2

(A)

(B)

(A)
V
(B)P V
(A) P 75 cmHg V22.5 cm3(B) P 75 cmHg
V25 cm3(C) P 80 cmHg V22.5 cm3
(D) P 80 cmHg V25 cm3

92.

3. P1V1P2V2 P 2010P 12.5


P 80 cmHg V2012.51021.025 cm3

26()

* ( ) 4.

(A)(B)(C)
1 30 1273(D)
27 28 27 1273(E) 27
28 1300

5. AOB 27
He4.0
(1)
(2) C
(3) B C
(4) BOA
(1) 4.0 (2) 927 (3)(4)

4. (B)(C)(D) 0
5. (1) O PVnRT 1 24.6 0.082 27327W4.0
(2) A PVnRT 2 49.21 0.082 273tt927

21. (1) x

P1cmHg
7624100

V1cm3
10 110

P2cmHg
V2cm3
7624x2 296x
102 18
P1V1P2V2 100 1096x 8
x29
(2) y

P1cmHg
7624100

V1cm3
10 110

P2cmHg
V2cm3
7624y2 2104y
102 112
P1V1P2V2
100 10104y 12
y20.7

1 27

p.31

1.
VP
TVn

V nT
V TnP
V nPT
V Tn VRTn PVnRT R
2. R
1.00 mol 0 1 22.4 L
R
R0.082 atmLmol1K1

8.31 Nmmol1K18.31 Jmol1K1


1 J=1 Nm

0.082 atmLmol1K1
3.
(1) M
WVT
P PVRT M
(2) PVRT PMWVRT PMDRT D

R
(A)(B) PV
(C) 1 atm25 (D) SI 8.314
[]
[] R atmLmolK mol
(C) R

28()

[]
(A)K(B) K
(C)K(D)K

R8.31 JmolK1.98 calmolK

0.5 1.60 40
190 mmHg
92.
(A)CH3OH(B)C2H5OH(C)C2H5OC2H5(D)CH3COCH3
[]
[] PVRT 1.600.08227340M32 CH3OH
[] 1.64 0.5
28N14
O16
(A) NO2(B) N2O(C) N2O4(D) N2O5

PMDRT M M M 1.64 M 46

3 PVNrt

AB AB
MAMB

[] 21
[] PVRT 0 VAVB48
MAMB21

[] 3 AB A W
A B
(A)(B)(C) W (D)(E)

0 VBVAWBWA84 WB2 WA

1 29

150 K1 atm 1 m3 O2 A

(A) A B (B) C 450 K(C) C


D (D) D 900 K(E) A
3 C
[]
(1) AF n V P T

(2) ECDPVK
(3) TE6150900 K
(4) TF1503450 K
(5) T PV TBTF311311

[] (A) PVnRTAB nV P T
(C) PVnRTAC nTC900 K
(D) CDPVK T TCTD900 K
(E)PV23 C

[] 150 K1 atm 1.0 A

(1) AFD
(2) ECD
(3) E 900K
(4) F 450K
(5) B F 11

5 PVnRT

27
H2 0.5 atm V1 127 V2
27
(A) 0.3 atm(B) 0.4 atm(C) 0.5 atm(D) 0.57 atm
[]
[] V1V2V nt
P0.57 atm

[] 650 mmHg 600 mmHg


1 1.52 mL
(A) 23.1 mL(B) 40.3 mL(C) 18.9 mL(D) 47.6 mL

nt
V23.1 mL

30()

p.32

1.

PVnRT

2.
(1)

PVnRT

PVnRT

0 K

0 K

HeH2

(2)

CO2Cl2NH3

1 31
0 1 atm 1 atm

3.
(1) diffusion 1833

HeCH

21

PMDRT PT M D

(2) effusion
1846

32()


a.
99.28 U-238 0.72 U-235
U-235 3 5 U-235
b. UF6 57
235 UF6 238 UF6
349.03 gmol1 352.04 gmol1 1.0043

U-235
n 235 U 238 U

(A)(B) PVnRT(C)
(D)
(E)
[]
[] (A)

[] STP
(A) He(B) O2(C) SO2(D) N2(E) CO

60.0 2.0 30.0


(A) 6 (B) 4 (C) 2 (D) 2
[]
[] t V tH tO 60302.0tO tO 4
2

1 33

[] 1.0 39.95 1.0 4.00


0.1
0.72 mol

nArnHe13.16
nAr0.28 nAr1.00.280.72 mol

13 N2O
C6H11OBrBr80N14
[] 9
[] N2O44C6H11OBr179 1 2
t
Rd
2 1221
13 12 128 9

[]

Cl 35.5
(A) (B) (C) (D)

( ) 1.

HCl(g) NH3(g)

4 273 0.10 1

1. 0.10V0.082273273V112 L

(A) 1.12 (B) 2.24 (C) 112 (D) 56


( ) 2.

(A) 25 1 atm CO2(B) 200 50 atm H2(C) 0 1 atm O2(D) 300 K0.1
atm He

( ) 3.

2.

1 25
(A)(B)(C)(D)

3.
(A)

34()

( ) 4.

PVnRT
4. VPTn
PVnRT
(A)(B)(C)(D)

( ) 5.

5. PMDRT PT M D

(A) Ar(B) CO2(C) N2(D) SO2

( ) 6.

6. (A) R 8.31J/molK(B) R
(C) R

(A) SI R0.082 atmLmolK(B) STP 25 2 atm 0


( ) 7.

1 atmR (C)(D) R
1 mol 1 atm 2 atm V t Va1tb1
1 atmVa2tb2 2 atm a1a2b1b2
(A) a12a2(B) a1a2(C) 2b1b2(D) b1b2

( ) 8.

2 atm 30 100 100

7. PVnRT V273t a12a2b12 b2


8. O2

2 atm 30
100
(A)(B)(C)(D)
PV
nRTnP
V T
O2
100
nT
V 1
P
(C)

( ) 9.

(A) SO2(B) CO2(C) CH4(D) N2

( )10.

27 127

10. PVRTPVM W
W2W1

(A) (B) (C) (D)


( )11.

9.
(A)

11.

(A) O2SO2(B) HeCH4(C) CH4O2(D) 235 UF6238 UF6


( )12.

A 20 mL 120
10 mL A

12. MA30NO

(A) CH4(B) CO2(C) NO(D) SO2


( )13.

H2HeO2 ABC
()()
A

13.
H2

(A) H2(B) He(C) O2(D)


( )14.

( )
()

60

(A) 24(B) 30(C) 36(D) 46

14. x36

1 35

( )15.

ABC 1 XYZ
ABC 15 mmHg30 mmHg45 mmHg XYZ

15. PVRT VW T P MxMyMz632

(A) 123(B) 321(C) 236(D) 632


( )16.

CH4 C3H8 127 0.5 atm 0.35 gL


CH4 C3H8

93.

(A) 11(B) 31(C) 12(D) 13


( )17.

0.537 760 27 300 mL

17. PVRT M44.0

84.

(A) NO(B) NO2(C) CO(D) CO2


( )18.

224 23 1

86.

R
(A) 1.1 (B) 22.4 (C) 224 (D)
2240 (E) 11000
18. n11000mol
( )19.

19. PVnRT PT V

(A)(B)(C)(D)(E) 85.
( )20.

50
150 30
He4F19

20. t M100

(A) CH3CF3(B) CHF2CF3(C) CH2FCH2F(D) CH2FCF3


( )21.

27 327

100.

(A) 1.26(B) 1.41(C) 1.73(D) 1.85(E) 2.00



2 KNO3(s)3 C(s)S(s) K2S(s)N2(g)3 CO2(g)(1)

101.

8.2 2200 21.8 mol


360 340 10.6 mol
(1) 1000 K
22.23.
( )22.

200

(A) 100(B) 200(C) 300(D) 400(E) 500

16. PMdRT0.5M0.350.08240022.96
x1M1x2M222.96x161x44 x
0.75nCH4nC3H8x x 0.750.2531

21. PVnRT
V T2
1.26

22. P.39.

36()

( )23.

500

23. 22. 500 atm 400 atm


P400 atm

(A) 100(B) 200(C) 300(D) 400(E) 500


* ( )24.

24. (C)(D)

(A)(B)(C)(D)(E)

* ( )25. 12 8 mL 9 mL
(A) 28(B) 36(C)(D)

(E)25. P.39.
26. P.39.

* ( )26.

(A)(B)(C)(D)(E)

* ( )27.

(A)(B)(C)
(D)(E)

* ( )28.

27. (A)(D) r

28. (A)(C)
90.
(D)

(A)(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
* ( )29. A B
HeH2
B
A 2

99.

(A) A (B) B A (C) B


A (D) B A (E) A

29. (A) PH2PHe(B) PMDRT


MA 2 43MB 2 4
MAMB DADB(C) PVnRT PA
(D) KTT EK (E) M v

1 37

30. x y

(1) xy
(2) xy
(3) yx

31. CO 0.4
0.22 CO 27 4.1104

30

31. PVnRT141000n0.082300
n1667 mol16670.40.2230

32. 280 30 350


32. t V
30t280350t150

150

33. 25 1 0.5 P
V

P 1.00
V

0.50

95.

1.11

1.25

1.43

1.67

1.99

2.50

5.0

0.45

0.40

0.35

0.30

0.25

0.20

0.10

() () () () ()

(1) 2
(A)(B)(C)(D)(E)
(2) 0.5
(1) (2)
30. (1)K PV T (2)VtV0(3)
K T V

1. PVRT VM PWT
W212.0 g 48012468 g

38()

( ) 1. 27 30 atm 480 g 127


1 atm
(A) 154 g(B) 296 g(C) 384 g(D) 468 g
( ) 2.

20 22.80 kg 27.95 atm


22.50 kg 19.60 atm
27

2. PVRT27.9519.6200.08227327
M44

94.

(A) 16(B) 28(C) 30(D) 32(E) 44


* ( ) 3. P T

(A)(B)
(C)V V V (D)V V V

(E)V V V
* ( ) 4. 0 1.0 mol VP

PVnRT () T
1 1.0 mol
PVnRT K()()()

97.

()()
()() 3
(A) 0 (B) 1
(C)()
(D)()(E)()
() 0 500 K
(F)()() 500
0 K
5. X 2 Y 2.5
3.2 X 27 2.5 Y
Y
327
5. 2 MX642.5
MY100
tY327

3. nT P
V V
nP V T
V V
n P T
V V V
V V V

1 39

6.

(1)(2)
(1) 0 mL 10 mL 40
0 mL 10 mL
(2) 0 mL 10 mL

95.

(A)(B)(C)(D)
(E)

6. (1) t tO2160

(1) 160(2)
22.
2 KNO3(s) 3 C(s) S(s) K2S(s) N2(g) 3 CO2(g)
21.8 mol mol 10.6 mol
20
30
10
10
10
10
1.8 mol
0 mol 0.6 mol
10 mol 10 mol 30 mol
400 mol PVnRT
Pmax8.2400.0821000Pmax400 atm 200 atm
P200 atm
25. (A)3216(B) M 36
(C) M 36MO232M 16(D)
(E)
26. (A) PVnRTPV
(B) PVnR273t273nRnRtPV PV n
(C) PVnRTPtPt P V
(D) PVnRTnP T T n
(E) PVnRTVtVt V P
4. (A)() 0H2
(B)() 25298 K 1 N2
1(C)() 500 atm
2(D)() 500 K
3(E)(F)()() 0
500 K 4

1 2 3 4

40()

p.37

1.

2.
(1)

PtP1P2P3
Pt P1P2 P3 Pi

4 He 2 atm 8 Ar 4
atm 4 He 8 Ar 6 atm

(2)

Xi
Xi i ni i nt
(3)
n1n2n3 ni

P1P2P3Pi
PtP1P2P3n1n2n3ni

1 41

Xi

PiXiPt

VXi

78

PN 0.78760 torr593 torr


2

STP 0 1 atm1 22.4 L N2 O2


0.78 0.21 22.4 L
280.78320.2128.6
3.

atm 2 atm

HCl(g) NH3(g) NH4Cl(s)


2 atm 1 atm
1 1
1

PVnRT TV n P NH4Cl
1 atm

a A b B c C P
PAPB PC
(A) PPAPBPC(B) Pa PAb PBc PC(C) XAXBXCPAPBPC
(D) (E) PAPPBPPCP
[]
[] PtPPAPBPCPAXAPPPBXBPPPCXCPP
[]
(A) HClNH3(B) N2O2(C) COO2(D) H2O2(E) NOO2

(A) HClNH3 NH4Cl(E) NOO2 NO2

42()

(A) 1(B) 1.5(C) 2(D) 2.5(E) 3


[]
[] PN2'1.51.0 atmPHe'31.0 atm
PtPN2'PHe'2.0 atm

[] 2.00 3.00 10.0 L


25

PtVntRT Pt12.22 atm

12.22 atm

A(g) B(g) A(g) B(g) 300 mmHg A(g) B(g)


3A(g)2B(g) 2C(g)D(g) 27 627

(A) 1000 mmHg(B) PC400 mmHg(C) PD300 mmHg(D) PA200 mmHg


(E) PB200 mmHg

92.

[]
[] 3 A 2 B 2 C D
300 mmHg300 mmHg
300 200 200 100

300 K

100 200

100

900 K

300 600

300

(A) Pt3006003001200 mmHg(B) PC600 mmHg(D) PA0 mmHg(E) PB300


mmHg

[] COCO2 O2 2 CO 2 O2
CO2 0 1 22.4

95.

(A) 60(B) 30(C) 40(D) 50

2 CO(g) O2(g) 2 CO2(g)


2
2
2
1 2
0
1
2 STP 22.4 1 mol W 32 44 40

1 43

p.38

1.

0 100

mmHg

mmHg

4.6

50

92.5

10

9.2

60

149.4

20

17.5

70

233.7

25

23.8

80

355.1

30

31.8

90

525.8

40

55.3

100

760.0

PV

(1)
(2)

(3)

1 100

2.

PgPaPH2O mmHg

PgPaPH2O

PgPaPH2O

mmHg

mmHg

44()

760 mmHg
1500 mmHg
(A) 760 mmHg(B) 60 mmHg(C) 20 mmHg(D) 10 mmHg
[]
[] Pair760 PH2O Pair'2760PH2O
Pt'Pair'P H2O '2760PH2OPH2O1500 PH2O20 mmHg

[] 25 300 mmHg
24 mmHg
mmHg
(A) 1176(B) 576(C) 600(D) 476

Pt23002424576 mmHg

25 1 atm
3.6 cm mmHg25 24 mmHg
(A) 700 mmHg(B) 733 mmHg(C) 772 mmHg(D) 790 mmHg
[]
[] PH276024733 mmHg
[] 17 750 mmHg 200 mL 4 cm
STP 17 14.5 mmHg
183 mL

200103n O20.08227317
n O28.17103 molVO28.1710322.4103183 mL

1. PtVtP1V1P2V2Pt2.5atm

( ) 1.

(A) 1(B) 1.5(C) 2(D) 2.5


( ) 2.

25 64 g O2 8 g H2
600 mmHg O2 mmHg 2. X O2P O2X O2Pt600200
(A) 500(B) 400(C) 300(D) 200

5. PN220016184mmHgV
PN22184368 mmHgPt36824392 mmHg

1 45

( ) 3. 20 1 atm 6.8 cm
1 L20 PH2O18 mmHg 3. PgPairP H2OP
(A) 735.2 mmHg(B) 747 mmHg(C) 742 mmHg(D) 737 mmHg

76018
737mmHg

( ) 4.
(A)(B)(C)
( ) 5.

(D)
25 24 mmHg 200
mmHg 16 mmHg
4. (A) PT P(B) TV

mmHg
(C) V P(D)
P
(A) 400(B) 392(C) 368(D) 352
( ) 6.
0.74 74 1000 mL
6.
P.49.

27
(A) 0.246 (B) 0.246
(C) 18.7 (D) 18.7
( ) 7.

26 25 mmHg 1 atm

1.50 L
6.8 mm
(A) 1.34 L(B) 1.45 L(C) 1.52 L(D) 1.61 L 7. P.49.

( ) 8.

a
Pa b Pb Pa Pb

8. a

92.
b
(A)(B)(C)(D)(E)

( ) 9.

0.02 mol 0.04 mol


0.01 mol 0.03 mol 1 L 0
100 ad

95.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

9. 100 abc d

ab
cd

46()

( )10.

10. PtVP1V1P2V Pt4.17 atm

12. PVnRT8.20.082330M84
atm
(A) 3.60(B) 3.98(C) 4.17(D) 4.80(E) 5.20

( )11.

3 L 4.0 O2 0.5 H2 100

(A) 1 atm(B) 1.5 atm(C) 2 atm(D) 2.5 atm

( )12.

96.

11. P.49.

8.4 8.2
280 K 360 K
gmol

(A) 60(B) 72(C) 84(D) 96(E) 108 98.

( )13.

29 600 mmHg
1740 mmHg
mmHg
(A) 30(B) 45(C) 60(D)

91.
13. 29 x mmHgPN2600xmmHg
P'N2600x 3
75
P'H2O x mmHg600x 3x1740x30 mmHg

* ( )14.
(A) H2O2(B) NOO2(C) HClNH3(D) H2F2(E) COO2

* ( )15.

(A)(B)
(C)(D)
(E)

15. (B)(C)(D)(E)

* ( )16. AB 6
3 3 atm 2 atm

(A)PN2PO2(B) 5 atm(C) A

B PN2 1.2 atm(D) A


31(E) AB 21
* ( )17. ABC MAMBMC
(A) ABCMCMBMA(B)PAPBPC(C)
PAPBPC(D)EAEBEC111(E)
vAvBvC
14.
(B) 2 NOO2 2 NO2(C) HClNH3 NH4Cl(D) H2F2 2 HF

1 47
18. (B) p (C) v T

* ( )18.
90.
(A) 1 0 1273(B)

(C)
(D)
(E)
19. 8.2 27 0.3 atm N2(g) 1.8 g
100 N14
(1) atm
(2) 1.8 g H2O(l) N2(g)
(1) 0.746(2) 0.43
20. 1 1
(1)
(2)90.
(1) 300 K
20. (1)


(2) 100 373 K

(2)
(1)(2)

( ) 1.

X Y 1
1.8 XYZ 792
aXbY cZ abc

(A) 123(B) 321(C) 792(D) 318(E) 312

( ) 2.

102.
1. P.49

NO2 NO
300 mmHg NO O2 NO2
250 mmHg NO2
2. P.49
(A) (B) (C) (D)

( ) 3. 1 27 80 10.0 127
9.53 27 127

(A) 28(B) 32(C) 46(D) 64


( ) 4.

3. P.49

NO2 NO2(g) NO(g)O2(g)


NO2 0.014 427 NO2 44
740 mmHg 627 NO2 88 mmHg

19. (A)
(1) 950(B)
1.8
P0.373
1120(C) 1240(D)
1350 atm1 atm
Vn P T PN20.373atm0.3730.3730.746atm
(2) VMT P W 2 0.746 atm P'0.7462
1.492 atm1 atm P'1 atm PN2'0.37320.746atm XN2
0.43

48()

( ) 5.

1 atm 7 NO 1 atm
3 O2 E
(A) A B (B) A B
(C) ABCD (D) C D

( ) 6.

N2 H2O NO NO2
NOx3.0 NOx 3.0 NOx
N2 H2O NOx NO NO2
(A) 11(B) 12(C) 13(D) 31(E) 21

92.
* ( ) 7. 100 mmHg
500 mmHg 27 627

(A) 627 550 mmHg(B)(C) 627


600 mmHg(D) 27 27 mmHgCO2
477 mmHg(E) 27 550 mmHg
8.

6.0 0.2 HCl


4.0 2.0 NH3 1.0 3.0
He

(1) b atm
(2) a atm
(3) 1 atm bc
(1) 2.2 atm(2) 0.68 atm(3) 6
9.
C3H8(g)
C3H6(g)H2(g)
1.0 22.4 427
3.0

9. (1) C3H6 x mol


(1)
C H C H H
3

(2)
(3)
(1) 0.17(2) 0.34 g(3) 0.436 atm

99.
2

1x xx
PVnRT322.41x0.082700
x0.17mol(2) H20.1720.34g
(3) PH2Pt0.436atm

1 49

10. 25.0
29.80 mL
6.80 cm
75.88 cm-Hg 32.37 gwcm2
13.6 gcm31.00 gcm3
102.
(1)
(2) cm-Hg
(3) cm-Hg
(4)
(1) Mg(s)2 HCl(aq) MgCl2(aq)H2(g)(2) 75.38 cm-Hg
(3) 73.0 cm-Hg(4) 0.028 g
10. (2) PgP075.8875.38 cm-Hg(3) PH2PgPH 2O75.38 7673.0 cm-Hg
(4) nHgnH20.00117 mol WHg0.00117 240.028 g

6.

PVRT P10.082300
P0.246 atm18.7 cmHg
18.7
7.
Pg76025734.5 mmHg
O2 O2
1.51V V1.45L

11. H2 O2 H2O
mol mol

0
0
PH2O3 0.082373
PH2O 2.55 atm 1 atm PH2O 100
PH2O 1 atm

1. aX bY cZ
1
1
0
t 1aX1bY cZ
t ab c 0.7 mol0.9 mol 0.2 mol
abc10.710.90.2312
2. NOxNO2300x

NO O2 NO2
150 150

0 150 150
150150250 50 x200
PNO2100 XNO2

3. PtP P 9.53atm
P 1 1.33atm
P 9.531.338.2atm
PVRT8.2 10 0.082 127273M32