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The Circulatory

System
By: Tony Malloy, Sarah Cantor, Andrew
Uyesugi, Peter Hunt, Emilie Baxter

Function
Transport materials like water, oxygen, and nutrients
throughout the body.
Transported to your bodies cells.
Transporting materials is not the only thing your
circulatory system does. It also removes waste like
carbon dioxide, lactose, hydrogen, and many other
types of cell waste.

Our Model
Shows the distribution of Oxygen to one of the organs,
the liver(tupperware and tubing)
o Systemic Circulation (to other organs)
o Pulmonary Circulation (through the lungs)

Shows arteries take oxygenated blood away from the


heart and veins carry oxygen depleted blood to the
heart and lungs
o shown with heat and tubing

All water cycles back to heart (2 tupperware containers


with 2 recirculation or fountain pumps)

Flaws
The color change of deoxygenated blood instead, we used a differential of heat to
show variation between oxygen depleted
and oxygen rich blood
o

Possible Solution: chemical reaction between dyes

Too many leaks

Scientific Principles
Physics- Newton 3rd law

Scientific Principles
Hydrodynamics
o

The total amount of energy in a closed system


remains constant.
Newtons Second Law of Motion - Conservation
of Linear Momentum
First law of Thermodynamics - Conservation of
Energy

Model in ACTION!
Systemic Circulation

Pulmonary Circulation
Lungs (oxygen in,
carbon dioxide out)
Left Atrium
Pulmonary
Artery

Right
Atrium

Left Ventricle
Right
Ventricle
Aorta

Organ (Ex: Liver)


Blood Enters
through Capillaries

Posterior Vena Cava

Pulmonary
Vein

Idea planning for the project


Came up 3 ideas
Chose the most realistic idea
Decided by voting and discussing our final
project
o

weighed out the level of difficulty, practicality, and


costs

Original Ideas
1. Fish Tank Idea
o

wouldnt be enough interaction; we would just buy a


fish tank with water filtration

2. Balloon idea
o

not enough pressure

3. Our current idea the pumps and tubing


(Retested about seven times)

Problems
Making the wooden bases stand up- made another
wider base (more surface area = more stability)
Using the balloons - stopped using balloons
Making the holes in the pipe- kept on having redo
the holes and make them bigger
Making sure the holes are water proof- more
accurate at applying the hot glue (clumps don;t
work)

Collaboration
We decided who should bo what job based
on their interests, talents, strengths, and
weaknesses. Also, whoever came up with
the idea for an adjustments, they knew how
to carry out the process best. Here are each
members group responsibilities:

Group Responsibilities
Andrew
Helped Make Powerpoint, Facilitator (provide
necessary supplies), Idea Generator
Strengths/Talents: Creative, Innovative, Resourceful
Weaknesses: Staying focused (i.e. balloons), using
scissors, organization

Group Responsibilities
Peter
o Engineer (built many of the structures)
o Strengths/Talents: Using tools properly, find
solutions to problems
o Weaknesses: Following strict criteria from the
assignment

Group Responsibilities
Sarah
o Facilitator (provide necessary supplies), Perfect
Details (accurately cut connections for tubing)
o Strengths/Talents: Detail oriented, organization
o Weaknesses: Talking to other groups

Group Responsibilities
Tony
o Engineer (built many of the structures)
o Strengths/Talents: Supplying the group with
appropriate materials, Helping whenever it is needed
o Weaknesses: Staying on Task

Group Responsibilities
Emilie
o Help with Powerpoint, Facilitator (trouble shooter,
provide supplies)
o Strengths/Talents: Organization, Staying on Task
o Weaknesses: Using tools, Creativity/Originality

Leadership
For each area of our project, there was a
different leader based on their strengths:
o
o
o
o
o

Peter - Construction
Sarah - the connections in the tubing and cups
Tony - Materials
Andrew - Exhibition of Differential of Oxygen Rich
and Depleted Blood
Emilie - Powerpoint

Communication
Before Construction, we made a list of all the
materials each group member was
responsible for bringing.
During Construction, we divided jobs
between construction and the powerpoint to
be efficient with time.
After Construction, assign certain parts of
the presentation to each group member.

Resolving Disagreements
We only had 2 slight disagreements:
1. Use of Balloons
a.
b.

Tested the idea


Ended up not being enough water pressure to work

2. Exhibition of Oxygen RIch and Depleted


Blood
a.
b.

Tested Sharpie - was too time consuming


Andrew thought of using heat instead

Relate to the Real World


Pump similar to Pacemaker
o
o

replaces the sinus node(small specialized group of


cells in the right atrium)
electrical impulses make the heart beat
however, a pacemaker constantly turns on and
off while a fountain pump constantly recirculates

Sprinkler system
o

system of tubing
with only 1 error, still catastrophic

Thank you for Listening!


Below are some fun Circulatory System Activities

Circulatory System Activity


Gently squeeze and release the bulb so that the balloon repeatedly fills with air.
The partner holds the balloon between the fingers to feel the expansion and
contraction. This models expansion and contraction of blood vessels as the
heart beats.

Circulatory System Activity


Over 170 years ago, a man named Laennec invented the first stethoscope.
1. Listen for heartbeat by placing the tube over the partner's heart.
2. Count the number of beats per 30 seconds. Add this number together twice
to find out how many times each minute the person's heart beats.
3. Have one partner run in place for one minute, then listen again. Calculate
the new beats per minute.