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Name____________________________

Date:_______

ChemistryHonors

Mr.Fox
Stoichiometry:SingleReplacementReactions

Purpose:Transitionmetalstendtoformionswithvariableoxidationstates.Inthislab,wewill
useexperimentalevidenceandtheprinciplesofstoichiometrytodeterminewhichionis
formedinasinglereplacementreactionbetweenironandcopper(II)sulfate.
PreLabAssignment:
Inpreparationforthelabactivity,wewillinvestigateanothersinglereplacementreaction
betweencopperandsilvernitrate.Coppercanformtwopossiblecations,copper(I)and
copper(II).Whensolidcopperisreactedwithasilvernitratesolution,tworeactionsare
possible.
1. Writethebalancedchemicalequationforthefollowingtworeactions:
a. Copperreactswithsilvernitratetoformcopper(I)nitrateandsilvermetal.

b. Copperreactswithsilvernitratetoformcopper(II)nitrateandsilvermetal.

c. Intermsofmoleratios,explainhowthesetwoequationsaredifferent.

2. Observethereactionbetweencopperandsilvernitrate.
a. Whatevidenceindicatesthatachemicalreactionistaking
place?

b. Usepictures,words,and/orsymbolstodescribe,
atthe
molecularlevel
,whatishappeningduringthechemical
reaction.

3. Howmanygramsofmetallicsilvercanformfrom1.347gofcoppermetalaccordingto
equation(a)?

4. Howmanygramsofmetallicsilvercanformfrom1.347gofcoppermetalaccordingto
equation(b)?

5. Astudentreacts1.347gofcopperwithasolutioncontainingexcess(morethan
needed)silvernitrateandrecovers2.248gofsilvermetal.Whichreaction,(a)or(b),
mostlikelyoccurredinherexperiment?Explainyouranswercompletely.

Procedure:
Designaproceduretodeterminewhichion,iron(II)oriron(III),isformedinasingle
replacementreactionbetweenironandcopper(II)sulfate.Includethefollowing:
a. Abalancedchemicalequationtorepresenteachpossiblereaction.
b. Pictures/diagrams,words,and/orsymbolstodemonstratehowthereactionwillbe
performedandhowthedatawillbecollected.
c. Adatatableforrecordingallnecessarymeasurements.
d. Anexplanation(orsamplecalculation)todemonstratehowthecollecteddatawillbe
usedtodeterminetheidentityoftheunknownion.
BalancedChemicalEquations
a.

b.

LaboratoryProcedure(Pictures,words,andsymbols):
Howwillthereactionbeperformed?
Whatdatawillbecollectedandhow?


DataTable

SampleCalculations:

Conclusions:

1. Fromyourdata,whichequation(a)or(b)givesthecorrectstoichiometryforthis
reaction?Explainyouranswer.

2. Whatvisibleevidenceindicatesthatachemicalreactionoccurred?

3. Calculatethetheoreticalyieldofcoppermetalbasedonthecompletereactionofiron.

4. Calculatethepercentyieldofcoppermetalbasedonthereactionthatoccurredinyour
lab.

5. Statetworeasonswhyyoumaynothaverecoveredthetheoreticalamountofcopper
inthisexperiment.