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Jacqueline Valtierra
Professor Lynda Hass
Writing 37
23 February 2015
Boy to a Mongoose
Would it be crazy if a young boy singlehandedly protected a highly respected pack of
<<dont use justify on the right margin in MLA style>> wolves? What if this boys was isolated
forom any human contact and raised by the pack he loved dearly? What if a small mongoose, for
the love of a small boy, killed a cobra, kidnapped a cobra egg and scared off the mother cobra? In
a sane world, confounding would be used to describe theose particular scenarios but Kipling
would describe them otherwise. Rudyard Kipling, author of The Jungle Book, tells the tale of two
orphans, Mowgli and Rikki Tikki Tavi, whom experience being ng a fish out of water or taken
out of their natural habitat<,dont need both this and fish out of water since they mean the
same thus involuntary adapting to a new environment. In Mowglis Brothers, commas always
go inside quotation marks the man cub Mowgli is introduceds as hes being hunted down by the
ferocious Shere Khan, a bungalow tiger that inhabitats the jungle and terrorizes d the villagers
nearby. By sheer luck, Mowgli<<otherwise it sounds like you are referencing Shere Khanhe is
saved from death by Akela, leader of a pack of wolves, Bagheera a Black Panther, and Baloo, a
lazy bear. It is not until many seasons later that he stands up against Shere Khan and his
corruption. Likewise, in Rikki Tikki Tavi, a flood separates a baby mongoose from its home. A
human couple rescues Rikki, allowing his stay in their home with their sons safety in mind. The
villains here are two cobras snakes, Nag and Nagaina, that the mongoose in a later confrontation
defeats. In both stories not only does good prevail but one species protects the other species. The

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interaction the humans and the animals display reveals a mutual friendship and love. Kipling
uses the rhetorical devices of anthropomorphism and parallelism in order to focus readers'
attention on the idea that although the animals don't speak, there are important similarities
between the animal and human characters.<<you dont really signal that youre going to be
analyzing the rhetoric of the stories until this very last sentencesee if you can make that clear
sooner
Kiplings use of anthropomorphism differentiates in both stories. <<not sure what this
meanstry to revise for clarity In Mowglis Brothers the reader is introduced to the man cub
Mowgli, and the villain Shere Khan. Mowli, after being separated from his parents, runs into a
pack of wolves. Rather than killing the baby, the wolves keep him using the Law of the Jungle,
as a human would keep a baby using the jurisdiction of a court, the Law of the Jungle, which
never orders anything without a reason, forbids every beast to eat Man except when he is killing
to show his children how to kill, and then he must hunt outside the hunting grounds of his pack
or tribe (Mowglis Brothers). <<the law is an anthropomorphic idea--- animals dont have
moral laws and codes, humans do. << Unfortunately for Mowgli, the law of the jungle is simply
a natural law, an overmastering discourse of `the way things are', how the animals are to hunt,
protect their families and mate (Introduction to The Jungle Book). Author Keith Barker states
Kipling created a world approximate to an Eden in which the animals are inhibit<<is this a
correct quote? an idyllic home, yet are still prey to the complexities of reality, such as killing,
death, and old age.(Barker 282).. get MLA format correct for citation Meanwhile,<<not the
right word for this context in Rikki Tikki Tavi a flood separates the mongoose from its family,
not the villain. The couple keeps Rikki as protection, Teddys safer with that little beast than if
he had a bloodhound to watch him (Rikki Tikki Tavi) Rikkis eyes grew red with anger as a

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human, did not celebrate Nags death for he knew that one victory did not mean he was finished.
Nagaina in the other hand was spiteful and unforgiving, threatening to kill the young boy for the
death of Nag, Son of the big man that killed Nag, she hissed, stay still. I am not ready yet.
Wait a little. Keep very still, all you three! If you move I strike, and if you do not move I strike.
Oh, foolish people, who killed my Nag! She possessed the characteristics of revengeful
girlfriend and loving mother; She tried to retreat once she saw that Rikki had one of her eggs,
Nagaina spun clear round, forgetting everything for the sake of the one egg. <<<rememer here
with each sentence you need to be showing how anthropomorphism is used as a device to create
a specific impact in the reader Overall, Kipling may have enhanced the characteristics of the
animals in the jungles to think or act as humans, but in retrospect, Shere Khan hunting for the
man cub or Nagainas attempt to rescue her egg only displays natural predispositions.<<the
evil characters are much more like their real animal selves (a bear or a panther would kill you
just as fast as a cobra would in real life, but Kipling has purposefully (rhetorically) chosen to
anthropomorphize specific animals and characteristics
Aside from the defeating the evil, Kipling made Mowglis and Rikkis lifes parallel to
one another. In both stories, the protagonist face being temporarily orphans who are adopted by
families of the opposite species. Mowgli has the Mother Wolf taking care of him, "And it is I,
Raksha [The Demon], who answers. The man's cub is mine, Lungri--mine to me! He shall not be
killed. He shall live to run with the Pack and to hunt with the Pack; and in the end, look you,
hunter of little naked cubs--frog-eater-- fish-killer--he shall hunt thee! Now get hence, or by the
Sambhur that I killed (I eat no starved cattle), back thou goest to thy mother, burned beast of the
jungle, lamer than ever thou camest into the world! Go!"(Mowglis Brothers) while Rikki had
the young boy and his mother, Heres a dead mongoose. Lets have a funeral. No, said his

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mother, lets take him in and dry him. Perhaps he isnt really dead. In both instances, the
young heroes lives would have been cut short if it wasnt for a maternal figure interfering with
fate. But fate always gets its way, even though they face a double identity Mowgli as a man
cub and wolf, Rikki as a domestic guard and a wild mongoose, it is a source of alienation and
suffering, but also of heroic status and prowess.(Introduction to The Jungle Book) Through
one single even in their early life, they matured and became what nature intended them to be, a
man and a mongoose. Mowgli using fire to scare off Shere Khan ultimate saved the wolves but it
defined what he was, an outcast. He was raised by the wolves, undeniably, but hunting and
knowing the Laws of the Jungle would not stop puberty, But a time comes when he must move
beyond his animal brothers and realize the truth about himself, and accept the responsibility of
being a man and the recognition that it sets him apart (Barker 282). Rikki Tikki Tavi, saved the
lives of the family that saved him but it only displayed what he was, a mongoose, notorious for
fighting with snakes.
In conclusion, Kiplings use of anthropomorphism and parallelism in The Jungle Book
stories Mowglis Brothers and Rikki Tikki Tavi allowed the reader to distinguish the
similarities animals and humans have. Both species have the capacity to love and sustain a
mutual relationship. A young boy risking his life for animal brothers, or a mongoose outwitting a
cobra sounds intriguing, maybe even confounding but Kipling would describe them otherwise.
This is a very nice start, Jacquelineyouve got some very nice summary of specifics from the
stories here, and good ideas on parallelism, but you need to focus on making the use of
anthropomorphism as a device more clear--- K is using anthropomorphism very specifically, with
specific characters, to make a specific impact on readersfocus on that

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Works Cited
Barker, Keith. "Animal Stories." International Companion Encyclopedia of Children's
Literature. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. 270, Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016: Routledge, 2004. 282.
Print.
"Introduction to the Jungle Books." Introduction to the Jungle Books. Kipling Society, 4
Apr. 2007. Web. 22 Feb. 2015.
Kipling, Rudyard. "The Jungle Book." , by Rudyard Kipling : "Mowglis Brothers!" N.p.,
n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2015.

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Kipling, Rudyard. "The Jungle Book." , by Rudyard Kipling : "Rikki Tikki Tavi!"N.p., n.d.
Web. 17 Feb. 2015.