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# Integration

CHAPTER 4

Subtopics
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## 4.1 The definite integral

4.2 The fundamental theorem and calculus
4.3 Substitution techniques
4.4 Integration by parts
4.5 Integration by partial fractions
4.6 Trigonometric integrals
4.7 Trigonometric substitutions

Formula Sheet
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Refer Tutorial 4

More exercises

2x

3 x 4dx

x dx

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## made is to let u be equal to f(x) such that f(u) du is a

standard integral. It is found that integrals of the
forms :

k f ( x ) f ' ( x )dx

f '(x)

f ( x )

dx
n

and

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## factors, then the partial fraction decomposition of

contains the sum :
A
B
C

....
(ax b ) (cx d ) (ex f )
Example :

1
dx
2
x x 2

f (x)
g(x )

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## factors, then the partial fraction decomposition of

contains the sum :
A
B
C
Z

....
2
3
(ax b ) (ax b )
(ax b )
(ax b )m
Example :

6x 7
dx
2
( x 2)

f (x)

g ( x ) m

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## combination of linear and quadratic factors where

the quadratic factor cannot be factorized, then the
partial fraction decomposition are as follows :
f (x)
A
Bx C

g ( x ) (ax b ) (ax 2 bx c )
Example :

2x 1
dx
2
x ( x 1)

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## Please refer to earlier formula sheet to solve these

trigonometric problems

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End Chapter
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