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** 1970

**

**

1960

1980



1. (1939-1962)
2. (1962 ):
3. (1980 ):


1950 50 1980 5000

1980 1991 45%


(Gibelman
1995
100 60%

330
86 2

/
PTSD




1980 Quick

1990 NIOSH APA

1993 APA NIOSH OHP


12
2006 (Peter Chen)


1958

1970 (Big Sister


BS)
1981

1994

1995

EAP

EAP

EAPs
EAPs

1998

2001)

2002

OECD
(EAP)

EAP

EAP
EAP

EAP


EAP



EAP

EAP

EAP

ILO
2,2
00 2,230

EAPs
.
.

.
.
.


1.

2.

3. EAP

4. EAP


1. EAP
EAP

2. EAP

EAP


1. EAP

2. EAP



1.
2.
3.
4.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1.
2.
3.
4.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
26

27

1.
2.

1.
2.
3.

28

(2010)
(2006)
(2006.03)
( )

Employee Assistance Professionals Association (EAPA)


(TEAPA)
( )