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Simple Past Tense

-Form
-Meaning and Use
-Pronunciation

How do we form the simple past tense?

English has two types of


verbs in the past:
-regular
-irregular

Lets read the following list of past tense


verbs.. Which are regular and which are
irregular?
walked
studied
taught
gave
became
cried
lived
did

regular
regular
irregular
irregular
irregular
regular
regular
irregular

Regular verbs are verbs that end with -ed


Simple form verbs:

Past tense verbs:

walk

walked

study

studied

cry

cried

live

lived

Rules for adding ed:


Add

ed to most verbs
Drop the e and add ed to verbs that end with
e (smile= smiled).
Change the y to i and add ed to verbs that
end with a consonant and y (carry= carried,
study= studied).
Double the consonant and add ed to verbs that
end with one vowel and one consonant ( drag=
dragged, stop= stopped).

Irregular verbs are verbs that dont end in


ed..
Sometimes with irregular
past tense verbs you
have to change the vowel
to make the verb past
tense:
become
give
drive
forget

became
gave
drove
forgot

Other irregular verbs have a different kind


of change..you need to memorize
these!
teach

taught

bring

brought

leave

left

hear

heard

buy

bought

Why do we use past tense verbs?


TO TELL THAT AN ACTION IS
COMPLETED!!!!!! FINISHED!!! OVER!!!

PRONOUNCIATION OF REGULAR
VERBS
The ed ending in English has three
different sounds:

t: walked, talked, jumped


d: played, loved, answered
id: invited, waited
decided....
*With id sounding words,
there is another syllable!

How can you practice past tense verbs?


Phonemically

(word sorts)

Bingo!
Modeling
Survey

says
Nancy Fetzer
Direct instruction + muiltiple opportunities to
practice = Skill mastery!!!!!