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World Studies Hybrid 2/9 Due 2/10

Population Reference Bureaus Highlights of the 2014 World Population


Data Sheet video
Major trends/statistics
Proportion of people living in poverty has declined still 1 billion people living
in poverty though
Fertility rates are declining. Women are having fewer children today in
comparison to 1970 the average number of children per woman is 2.5 today
o This causes problems like having more elderly and fewer workers. The
workers are supposed to pay their social security tax but with fewer
workers, there isnt enough money to support all elderly (causing the
need to increase taxes)
The population is projected to increase from 7.2 billion today to 9.7 billion in
1950
Since 1970, the infant mortality rates have declined significantly
The progress toward reducing high maternal mortality has varied among
countries some countries have made huge progress while others have made
little to none.
Carbon emissions have continued to increase, and there could be
consequences to the environment from this. The world still needs to find a
balance between development and environmental sustainability.
2. World Population Datasheet Infographic
a. How will the location of population change between 2014 and 2050? Identify
changes by continent and by country.
Africa will have a significant visible increase in population between 2014 and
2050 from 1.1 billion to 2.4 billion doubling their previous population. The
countries that will grow the most are Nigeria, Egypt, Congo Dem. Rep., and
Ethiopia.
Asia will also increase in population from 4.4 billion to 5.3 billion. Although
this increase isnt as large as Africa it is a still a pretty significant increase.
Europe will decrease in population from 740.7 million to 725.8 million.
Showing that the location of the population is shifting from Europe to Africa
and Asia.
b. Describe the trends on each continent for Fertility Rate, Infant Mortality Rate &
Life Expectancy between 1970 and today.
North America
o Fertility rate has decreased form 2.3 1.8 which is relatively low in
comparison to other continents.
o Infant Mortality rate has decrease significantly from 21 5 deaths per
1,000 live births. Showing that they working towards 0 infant deaths.
o Life expectancy that was already high in 1970 with age 71 has
increased to 79.
Latin America/Caribbean
o Fertility rate has decreased to half the number in 1970 from 5.3 2.2.

o
o

Infant Mortality rate has decreased significantly since 1970 from 86


18 infant deaths per 1,000 live births.
Life expectancy has increased from 60 75 years old almost as high as
the United States.

Asia:
o Fertility rates have decreased from 5.4 22 similar to the trend in Latin
America/Caribbean.
o Infant Mortality rate has decreased from 91 34 infant deaths per
1,000 live births.
o Life expectancy has also increased, like other continents, from 57 71.
Africa:
o Fertility rate has decreased from 6.7 4.7 showing less women are
having as many children
o Infant Mortality rate has decreased in over a half from 139 deaths per
1000 live births to 62 deaths. This shows the improvement in
delivering children.
o Life expectancy has increased from 45 years old to 59 years old. This
could be an indication of development and improvement.
Oceania
o Fertility rate has decreased from 3.4 2.4 number of children per
woman.
o Infant mortality rate has decreased in half from 43 21 deaths per
1,000 live births.
o Life expectancy has increased with the United States from 66 77
years old.
Europe
o Fertility rate has decreased from 2.3 1.6 which is lower than the
United States. Could be a sign of women developing in the workforce.
o Infant mortality rate has decreased from 27 6 showing that like the
US, they are working towards 0.
o Life expectancy has increased like the US and Oceania from 70 78
having one of the highest in the world as well.

c. Describe the difference between Population Structure in 1970 and today.


Population structure has shown significant changes between 1970 and today. One
thing to point out is that in 2014 there was less children and teens than in 1970. But
that lower population has been made up for as there is an increase in the higher
ages of adults and elderly. This is explained by the younger ages that were larger in
1970 growing older and moving up the graph and this generation is not having
many kids anymore.
d. List countries that have made the most progress in reducing maternal and child
mortality rates and speculate 3 reasons for the high % reduction.
Child mortality rates: Peru, Egypt, China, Bangladesh, Tanzania
1. Development of new technology/medicine
2. Development of countries as a whole
3. Women are having less children
Maternal mortality rates: Rwanda, Cambodia, Laos, Eritrea, Nepal
1. Development of new technology/medicine

2. Development of hospitals and transportation


3. Increase in knowledge and teaching of child birth
3. View Hans Roslings presentation entitled Population growth explained with IKEA
boxes. Write a brief paragraph essay explaining your agreement or disagreement
with his conclusion Only by raising the living standards of the poorest, in an
environmentally-friendly way, will population growth stop at 9 billion people in
2050.
I agree with Hans Roslings statement because the group with the largest population
growth is the group with the poorest living standards. By increasing their standards,
population growth will decrease. I also like how Rosling mentions that we must do it
in an environmentally-friendly way because I have strong beliefs regarding the
environment and the future problems of it. I know that this idea may sound like a
great one, and Rosling may be right but it is also hard to actually implement this
and take action. Its almost impossible to find the money and the support for a
project so big while others have their own problems they are trying to fix. So while I
agree with his statement, and I believe he is correct. It is hard to actually see this
take place.