You are on page 1of 46

11820

.

2


Hans Christian Oersted
17771851



11831

1354


Michael Faraday
17911867

()



2



I

B 0




B 0
B 0
a. B 0
b. B 0



B B2 B1


3

B 0

I 0

B 0 I 0


3

B 0 I

B 0 I 0

12658


1. A V

A B C D

()
B 0

()
B 0

()

()

B0

B0


2. D

() () () ()

B 0


3.


(: B 0)

( : B

0)

( : B 0)



11834


Heinrich Friedrich Emil Lenz
18041865



2



B B B
I

"",BB'.

I
N
B

B 0 I 0



31831


A B
A B
A B



31831


A B
a.B
b.B

A B

I'

"",BB'.



31831

A B
a.B
b.B

I'

"",BB'.


1. B

A
B
C
D


2. A N

A
B
C D

B
"",BB'.

N
I


3.
S

S
X
XY


XY
Y
XY

S
S


4.A B
A

A
Y
XY


XY
X
XY

B
Y

Y
N

B 0 ""
B, B'

B
N

B 0 ""
B, B'


5. A

(A) (B) (C) (D)

N
S

B 0 "" , B,B'
B
B B
I

B
I
t
I

I2
web1

2m

I1

10 m




B
I

t

I


1. h
g

138

1 2
2X
X gt t
2
g

2h
t
g

I
2
N1
N2
3 t N V
1 1

V1

N1

N2

V2

V1 V2

N1 N2

V2
1259 2934

N2
V1
N1

[ from ]

N1=1

N2=1

N1=1

N2=2


1. B 110V 55V
10
A2 B5 C10 D20

V1
V2

N1
N2

V1 V2
110 55

N1 N2
10
N2
N2 5

2
3

B 0

S
, B 0

1
web1 2

web1
web1 23

13392124


1. D

B
A I
t
B
C
D

2.

B

ab
F
Ab a Ba b C

fig.from
http://sciencecity.oupchina.com.hk/npaw/stud

ent/chi/glossary/flemings_right_rule.htm
web1