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Unit One: Exercise Three: Wilsons Fourteen Points

1. According to Wilson, what are the goals of the peace

It is clear that Wilsons goals in the processes of peace are to
conduct international matters openly. International regulations
did not exist during World War I and essentially allowed countries
to do as they pleased. This lead to secret treaties, alliances, and
relations to be conducted, and such secrecy led to The Great
War. Wilson wanted to prevent that secrecy so that in turn it
would prevent future world wars.
2. Read Section V, IX, X, XI, XII, and XIII of Wilsons Fourteen
Points and put it into your own words. This is Wilsons idea of
self-determination. As this unit progresses, you will come to
realize the importance of this concept. You may have to look it
In section V, IX, X, XI, XII, and XIII of Wilsons Fourteen Points he
states that decisions regarding the colonies should be fair and
unbiased, and that the interests of those colonies must be taken
with equal weight. He also states that the borders of Italy should
be readjusted according to nationality, that the people of AustriaHungary should have the right to life and an opportunity for an
autonomous nation, that the Balkan states should be divided
based on nationalities and alliances and guaranteed
independence, that the Turkish portion of the Ottoman Empire be
granted independence and the other nationalities should have
equal opportunity to be autonomous, and that an independent
Polish nation should be created with access to the sea.
3. Section XII of his Fourteen Points refers to the future of
the Middle East. What does Wilson suggest should
happen to nationalities under Turkish rule if the Ottoman
Empire was to be defeated?
In section XII of Wilsons fourteen points suggests that the
Turkish portion of the Ottoman Empire be granted independence
and the other nationalities under Turkish rule should be granted
security of life so that they may live freely and they should also
be given an equal opportunity to become independent nations.
4. Which principle, and which organization eventually
resulted from Section XIV of Wilsons Fourteen Points?
The principle of international regulations resulted from Section
XIV of Wilsons Fourteen Points, along with the creation of the
League of Nations. Eventually, after World War II, the League of

Nations was replaced by the United Nations, which still stands

5. According to his Fourteen Points, why was Wilson willing
to fight for these essential rectifications of wrong and
assertions of right?
Wilson was willing to fight because he wanted to achieve a
stable and permanent peace and believed that the only way to
do so was to remove the previous issues that provoked the war.
6. Wilson included a cautionary note in his Fourteen Points
regarding future dealings with Germany. What was it?
Wilson stated that he did not want to injure or block German and
was willing to work with them in peace if Germany was willing to
associate with them and the other peace. Wilsons cautionary
note was that he thought it was necessary to know which party
Germanys spokesperson was speaking for.
7. Were the people of the US ready to devote their lives,
their honour, and everything they possess to the
principle of justice to all peoples and nationalities, and
their right to live on equal terms of liberty and safety
with one another, whether they be strong or weak?
Yes, the US citizens were ready to devote everything they had to
the principle.