Plant location and Plant Layout.

Plant Location.

“A Plant should be located at a place where inhabitants are interested in its success, the product can be sold profitably and production cost is minimum.” - Dr. Vishweshwarya. “Plant location is often result of compromise among conflicting social, economic and geographical conditions.” - Lansburg.

Plant Location
Dr. Vishweshwarya says that decision of  Man, plant location is basedon 10 M’s, viz:Market,

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Money, Material, Means of Power, Momentum to early start.

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Motive, Means of Communication, Management, Machinery,

Factors for choice of Plant Location.
1. 2. 3.

4. 5.

Availability of Raw materials. Nearness to potential market. Near to source of Operating requirements. Supply of Labour. Transportation facilities.

Factors for choice of Plant Location.
1. 2. 3.

4.

5.

Integration with other Companies. Suitability of land and climate. Availability of housing and other amenities. Local Rules and regulations or Government Policies. Safety requirements.

Factors for choice of Plant Location.
1. 2. 3.

Easy start up. Past records. Personal factors.

Plant Location .

Weber’s theory of Plant Location.
Factors affecting plant location Primary Secondary Labour Finished goods Ubiquitous Gross R.M

Transportation Raw Materials Localised Pure R.M

Plant Layout
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Layout is a Fundamental of every organization and enterprise. Kitchen, Retailers, offices, service organization and all the enterprises have a specific layout. A Simple situation with few items to arrange have many alternatives. Previously Layouts were based on intuition, experience and judgment.

Plant Layout
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With the complexities and competition now scientific methods are used. The Layout comes in picture after the location has been finalized. Development of good layout depends on decisions already taken on location, capacity, facility, manufacturing method and material handling techniques. Efficiency and performance of machines and production is the focus area for this.

Plant Layout. Definitions.

Layout identically involves the allocation of space and the arrangement of equipment in such a manner that overall operating costs are minimized.
James Lundy

Plant layout involves the development physical relationships among building equipment and production operations which will

Plant Layout.

2. 3.

4.

Plant layout begins with plant location and continues through 3 further levels, viz:Layout of department within site. Layout of items within the department Layout of individual work places.

Plant Layout.

A good layout results in comfort, convenience, safety, efficiency, Compactness and finally in profits to the organization. A poor layout results in congestion, wastes, frustration, inefficiency and finally a lower profit or a loss to an organisation.

Objectives of Plant Layout.
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Economies of materials, facilitation of manufacturing and handling of goods. Proper and efficient use of floor space. Ensure proper flow of goods and processes without any delay. Provision for supervision and control. Careful planning to avoid changes

Objectives of Plant Layout.
1. 2.

3.

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Provision of safety to workers. Meet quality and capacity requirement in the most economical manner. Provision of adequate medical facilities and refreshment facilities. Have enough of material handling spaces.

Features of a good layout

Sufficient space for worker and machine to perform their tasks. Must have adequate safety and security to workers against accidents. For eg. Provision of first aid box, fire ex.,etc Sufficient gang-way space for raw materials, workers and semi finished goods.

Features of a good layout

Arrangement of machines and equipment in such a way that it minimizes material handling and costs. Stores for in-process material should be near to processing machines. Supervision, co-ordination and control should be easily and effectively carried. Scope for further adjustments and extensions should be sufficient enough.