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SIFAT FISIK MINERAL

PETROLOGI

IDENTIFIKASI MINERAL  Warna  Bentuk Kristal  Cerat  Kilap  Kekerasan  Belahan  Sifat lain dan Pecahan .

Warna .

Pryite  Black .Red-brown .Streak (Cerat)  Black .Graphite  Black .Magnetite  Black .Yellowbrown  Hematite .Chalcopyrite  Gray .Galena  Limonite .

LUSTER (KILAP): refleksi mineral/batuan dalam menangkap sinar: ada dua yaitu metalik dan non-metalik Non metalik: kilap kaca. tanah (earthy) dan tidak memantulkan sinar (dull) .

Cleavage (Belahan)  Mengikuti bentuk kristal .

.Fracture (Pecahan)   Yaitu bentuk permukaan antar atom penyusun mineral saat mineral pecah atau hancur Pecahan:    beraturan (regular) tidak beraturan (irregular) Permukaan pecahan:    Kasar (splinterry) Halus (smooth) berbentuk kurva (conchoidal): seperti gelas saat pecah.

Kekerasan .

Crystal Shape (Bentuk Kristal)  Kubik  Prismatik  Tabular (berlembar)  Menjarum  Hexagonal  Piritohedron .

Minerals containing the carbonate anion (C03)2.A few minerals are attracted to a magnet or are themselves capable of acting as magnets (the most common magnetic mineral is magnetite). NEVER TASTE A MINERAL UNLESS INSTRUCTED TO! Reaction with Dilute Hydrochloric Acid . Taste is thus a diagnostic property because it distinguishes between these minerals. Calcite (calcium carbonate) will effervesce readily in either massive or powdered form.Some minerals. but dolomite (calciummagnesium carbonate) reacts best as a powder.This is actually a chemical property rather than a physical attribute of a mineral. because some minerals are poisonous.Sifat Lain     Magnetism . The greasiness occurs because bonds are so weak in one direction that your finger pressure alone is enough to break them and to slide planes of atoms past neighboring atomic layers Taste . Feel . This test is best performed on powdered minerals. tastes bitter. a mineral similar in all other properties to halite.Geologists use as many senses as possible in describing and identifying minerals. creating the fizz. Some minerals taste salty-most notably halite (salt). notably talc and graphite.effervesce ("fizz") when a drop of dilute hydrochloric acid is placed on them. Sylvite. feel greasy or slippery when you rub your fingers over them. this property helps narrow the possibilities drastically when trying to identify an unknown specimen. . Because these are so rare. Carbon dioxide is liberated from the mineral and bubbles out through the acid. Taste is one of the last tests to be conducted.