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Name: _______________________________ Advisory: _________________: Date: ___/___/___

7th Grade Vocabulary Dictionary


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Word:

21

align

Part of Speech:

Connotation:

(Neutral)

Denotation:

to agree with and support a political group,


country, person or idea
1. What part of speech is this word? _____________________________
2. Draw a picture illustrating the word align. Write a caption that uses the word and shows its
meaning.
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3. In the chapter, Stop the Pop, Kristina (a student) says that soda should not be allowed in school
vending machines because it is bad for students health, but the principal decides not to remove the
soda. Which side would you align withKristinas side or the principals side? Why?
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4. How does this word relate to Chew on This? Use the word align in your sentence.
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Word:

Part of Speech:

impact

Verb

Connotation:

Definition:

To have a strong effect


Word in context: The impact of McDonalds on the way we live today is truly mind-boggling.
1) Name someone who has positively impacted your life and explain. (Teacher? Family member?)
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2) How does doing your homework impact your grades? Use the word impact in your answer!
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3) How did the hurricane impact the people in this New Jersey town?
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4) How does this word relate to Chew on This? The author will talk about how
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5) Fill in the connotation above. Be ready to explain why you chose this connotation.
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Word:

Part of Speech:

entrepreneur

Noun

Connotation:

Definition:

A person who starts a new business or arranges


business deals in order to make money
Word in context: They were self-made men who worked hard and took risks in pursuit of their
dreams. They were door-to-door salesmen, orphans, and high school dropouts. They were true
entrepreneurs (26).

1) Complete the sentence: Steve was an entrepreneur because he _____________________________


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2) Who is the entrepreneur in Fever 1793?
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3) Describe the man (Steve Jobs) below using the word entrepreneur. Do not just say: He is an
entrepreneur.
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4) Name an entrepreneur from a book, TV show or movie. What makes the person an entrepreneur?
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5) How does this word relate to Chew on This? Use entrepreneur in your sentence.

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Word:

24

tactic

Part of Speech:

Connotation:

noun

Denotation:

a method used to achieve a goal


Word in context: Walt Disney and Ray Kroc were terrific salesmanThey carefully linked products
to the feelings, ideas, and dreams of children. And their huge success encouraged other businesspeople
to use the same tactics and pull the same tricks on kids around the globe (40).
1) Name one effective tactic that your teachers have taught you to summarize text.
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2) What war tactics is the United States using in the picture below? Use the word tactics in your
sentence!
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3) What tactics does Kevin use to scare away the robbers? Use the word tactic in your sentence!

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4) How does this word relate to Chew on This? Use tactic in your sentence.

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5) Fill in the connotation above. Be ready to explain why you chose this connotation.
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25

Word:

Part of Speech:

industry

Noun

Connotation:

Definition:

The businesses that provide a particular


product or service
Word in context: This is an industry that both feeds and feeds off the young.
1) List popular industries in Boston. Example: Fast food industry
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2) Choose an adult family member: ________________________________
What industry is he or she in? (her/his job!)
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3) What industry do you want to be in when you grow up? Why?
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4) Which of these pictures shows an industrial area?

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Word:

Part of Speech:

origin

Noun

Connotation:

Definition:

The beginning of somethings existence; the


starting point
Word in context: What happened next was the unlikely origin of a delicious sandwich that would one day
change the world.
1) What is your origin? Example: Mrs. Frost is of Ecuadorian origin. Mrs. Stern is of Irish origin.
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2) In Fever 1793, what did people think was the origin of yellow fever?
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3) Why is the ordered pair (0,0) called the origin? Hint: Look at the definition!
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4) How does this word relate to Chew on This? Use origin in your sentence.

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5) Fill in the connotation above. Be ready to explain why you chose this connotation.

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Word:

Part of Speech:

promote

Verb

Connotation:

Definition:

To move up in position or rank


To encourage the growth or sale of something
Word in context: Michelle Obama promotes exercise with her Lets Move Campaign.
1) Complete the sentence: Harry promoted his new app by __________________________________
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2) Complete the sentence: BCCS teachers promote ________________________________________
because ___________________________________________________________________________
3) Write a sentence about this ad using the word promote.

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4) Do you think video games promote violence? Why or why not? Use the word promote in your
answer!
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5) Fill in the connotation above. Be ready to explain why you chose this connotation
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Word:

28

saturated

Part of Speech:

adj

Connotation:

(Neutral)

Denotation:

full, unable to hold more


1. When has your brain felt saturated? (Use saturated in your sentence).
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2.

What types of foods contain saturated fats?


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3.

What are healthy types of fats (unsaturated fats)?


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4. How does this word relate to Chew on This? Use saturate or saturated in your sentence.
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Word:

29

aroma

Part of Speech:

noun

Connotation:

Denotation:

A strong, pleasant smell


1. Paraphrase (put in your own words) the following sentence without using the word aroma.
The aroma of food can be responsible for as much as 90 percent of its taste.
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2. Do you agree with this statement? Why or why not?
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4.

List 1-3 words that mean a strong, not pleasant smell

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4. Draw a picture illustrating your favorite aroma. Write a caption that uses the word and shows its
meaning.
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Word:

30

syndrome

Part of Speech:

Connotation:

(Neutral)

Denotation:

A condition with a visible set of physical or


mental symptoms
1) What part of speech is this word? __________________
2) In Stop the Pop, the author writes that When mothers put soda or other sugary drinks in baby
bottles, their children often fall asleep with the bottle in their mouth, creating a breeding ground for
tooth decay. Baby bottle syndrome often causes the upper teeth to rot away into black nubs (149).
Explain what baby bottle syndrome is in your own words.
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3) Give an example of a syndrome you have heard about before.


a) Syndromes you can be born with: _______________________________________________
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b) Syndromes you can develop during your lifetime:__________________________________
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4) How does this word relate to Chew on This? Use the word syndrome in your sentence.
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Word:

Part of Speech:

contribute

Verb

Connotation:

Definition:

To give something such as money, things or


time to cause something to happen
Word in context: McDonalds advertisements contribute to the obesity epidemic in the U.S.
1) Who contributes to the success of BCCS students? Use contribute in your sentence.
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2) Describe the U.S. Olympic soccer players using the word contribute.

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3) How do you contribute to your household cleanliness?


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4) Explain how Facebook contributes to bullying issues.
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Word:

32

commodity

Part of Speech:

Connotation:

Denotation:

a product that is bought and sold


1) What is the part of speech? _____________________
2) What is the connotation? Write it above.
3) Paraphrase (put in your own words) the following sentences without using the word commodity.
The Chicken McNugget turned a bird that once had to be carved at a table into something that
could easily be eaten behind the wheel of a car. It turned an agricultural (farm) commodity into
a manufactured product (169).

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4) What is a popular commodity for people your age?
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5) Draw a picture illustrating a commodity. Write a caption that uses the word and shows its
meaning.
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Word:

33

plummet

Part of Speech:

Denotation:
1)
2)

to decrease suddenly and quickly


to fall quickly

Connotation:

1. What part of speech is this? Fill it in above and here: _____________


2. Paraphrase (put in your own words) the sentence from page 186 without using the word plummet
As fast-food chains spread across the country, the workers producing the meat for all those
Whoppers and Big Macs saw their incomes plummet and their jobs become much harder.
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3. Explain what this quote means in your own words._______________________________________
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4. Draw a picture illustrating plummet. Write a caption that uses the word and shows its meaning.
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5. What would cause your grades to plummet? Use plummet in your answer.
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Word:

34

prone

Part of Speech:

Connotation:

Denotation:

likely (to do something or suffer from


something)
1) What is the part of speech? __________________________
2) Explain what this quote means in your own words.
Far from their natural habitat on the prairie, the cattle in a factory farm become prone to all
sorts of illnesses (196).
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3) All kids are prone to eat junk food. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Why?
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4) What are you prone to do when you get home from school. Use prone in your sentences.
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Word:

35

contaminate

Part of Speech:

Connotation:

Denotation:

To make unclean; infect; pollute


1) What is the part of speech? _____________________
2) Paraphrase (put in your own words) the sentence from page 196 without using contaminate.
The slaughterhouse tasks most likely to contaminate meat are the removal of an animals furry
hide and of its digestive system.
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3) Explain this quote in your own words. _________________________________________________
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4) Draw a picture illustrating contaminate. Write a caption that uses the word and shows its
meaning.
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5) How does this word relate to Chew on This? Use the word contaminate in your sentence.
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Word:

36

obesity

Part of Speech:

Connotation:

noun

Denotation:

the condition of being extremely overweight in


an unhealthy way
1. What is the connotation? Fill it in above and here: ____________
2. Read the second paragraph on page 213 of Chew on This.
Obesity has been linked to health problems such as heart disease, colon cancer, breast cancer,
asthma, high blood pressure, and strokes. Obese people are two to three times more likely to
die young than people of normal weight. Obesity kills more than twice as many Americans
every year as car accidents. According to one recent estimate, obesity is responsible for about
110,000 deaths every year in the United States. And that estimate may be low. Some Americans
have gotten so big that their coffins have to be supersized.

a. What are three health problems that are linked to obesity?


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b. Which one of these obesity-related problems is most concerning to you?
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3. How does this word relate to Chew on This? Use the word obesity in your sentence.
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Word:

37

innovative

Part of Speech:

Connotation:

Denotation:

Creative; doing something in a new or different


way (usually better than the old way)
1) What is the part of speech? _____________________
2) Paraphrase the following sentences from page 249 without using innovative.
Twelve years after Alices first visit to Martin Luther King Jr. Middle School, it has the most
innovative and remarkable food program in the United States. Called the Edible Schoolyard, it
doesnt just provide healthy, nutritious meals. It gives kids a firsthand education in the role the
food plays in society.
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3) Give an example of an innovative person (from real life, a book, movie, etc) . What makes them
innovative?
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4) Draw a picture illustrating innovative. Write a caption that uses the word and shows its meaning.

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Word:

38

exploit

Part of Speech:

Connotation:

Denotation:

to use for your own advantage


1) What is the part of speech? _____________________
2) Paraphrase (put in your own words) the following sentences from page 253 without using exploit.
The U.S. Congress should ban advertising that exploits children. It should prevent soda
companies and fast-food companies from marketing unhealthy foods in schools.
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3) Draw a picture illustrating someone exploit someone or something else. Write a caption that uses
the word and shows its meaning.

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4) How does this word relate to Chew on This? Use the word exploit in your sentence.
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Word:

39

sustainable

Part of Speech:

Connotation:

Denotation:

able to be done for a long time or maintained


easily
1) What is the part of speech? _____________________
2) Paraphrase (put in your own words) the sentence from page 254 without using sustainable.
The U.S Congress should promote the kind of agriculture and the kind of eating habits that
are sustainable.
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3) Many people are worried about the sustainability of the earth. What do they mean by this? Do you
think we should be worried about sustainability?
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4) Draw a picture illustrating sustainable. Write a caption that uses the word and shows its meaning
(consider: how does this word relate to Chew On This?).
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5) How does this word relate to Chew on This? Use the word sustainable in your sentence.
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Word:
Part of Speech: Connotation

40

consume

Verb

Definition:

To eat or drink
Word in context: Adding some sugar may help kids consume nutritious foods.
1) What did you consume for breakfast today?
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2) Describe the people below using the word consume. Do not just say they consumed hotdogs!

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3) What types of food did people consume in Colonial Times? Hint: Think about the setting
vocabulary from Writing class!
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