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ExplorationandColonization

iMovieProject

Assignment:

Inasmallgroup,creativelypresentthefollowinginformationusingiMovie.

RequiredInformation:
1.
Fourindirectandthreedirectcausesofexploration(straightfromourPowerPoint
andnotes)7points
Indirect
Tolookfornewlands
Toconquer,takeoverislands
Power
Retrievingnewthings.Offindingnewitemsfromdifferentplaces.Spices,
metals,silk,etc

Direct
Glory:Praisedbythepeopleifthejourneywassuccessful.
Gold:Gold,money
God:Spreadingtheirculturestoothercountries

Speech:Longtimeago,peopleexploredtheseasandfoundnewlands.If
theyhadntdonethat,wewouldntbehere.Theindirectcausesforexplorationwere
differentforeachofthegroups.ThecrusadestraveledtoAsiaforspices,perfumes,
medicine,andsilk.Therenaissancewerecuriousaboutthedifferentlandsandpeople.
ThereformationsexploredtofindrefugeesandmissionariesandtheMonarchswentto
seeknewsourcesofrevenue.Otherreasonswerefortechnologicaladvancesandfame
andfortune.Thedirectcauses,thethreeGswouldbeGlory,tobepraisedbythe
peopleifthejourneywassuccessful,Gold,forobviouslygettingrichifthejourneywas
successful,andGod,tospreadtheirculture.
2.
Famousexplorers,whattheymostfamouslyexplored,andwhen(internet):
2.1.
MarcoPolo,HenrytheNavigator,VascoDaGama,Christopher
Columbus,FerdinandMagellan,JuanPoncedeLeon6points(1
each)
2.2.
MarcoPolo:Italianexplorer.TraveledbetweenEuropeandAsia
between1271to1295.RemainedinChinafor17ofthoseyears.

3.

Wroteabook:ILMILIONEabouthistravelsandexperiences.Legacy:
Inspiredfuturetravelers,cartography
2.3.
HenrytheNavigator:importantfigureinportuguesepoliticsandthe
riseoftheportugueseempire.underhisdirectionthecaravelwas
created.startedthefirstschoolforoceanicnavigation.explored
westafrica.
2.4.
VascoDaGama:foundaroutefromportugaltoindiabygoing
aroundthecapeofgoodhope.setuptradeinindia.startedthe
beginningofseveralhundredyearsofeuropeandominationthrough
seapowerandcommerce.
2.5.
ChristopherColumbus:discoveredhispaniola,fatherofthe
europeanslavetrade,startedexpeditionstotheNewWorld.changed
theworldbyintroducingdiseases,horses,people,plants,animals
andcultures.potatoesandtomatoes,wheatbecamethestapleof
europeans.
2.6.
FerdinandMagellan:discoveredguam,exploredpresentday
malaysia,helpedconquerspicerichcountrieswhichwereimportant
foreuropeancountries.
2.7.
JuanPoncedeLeon:discoveredfloridaormainlandnorthamerica
believingthatthefountainofyouthwasthere.broughtmuchwealth
tospainbydiscoveringgoldontheislandpuertoricoandwas
namedthegovernorofpuertorico.
ColumbianExchange(p.41)
3.1.
Whatitwas2point
3.2.
Positivesandnegatives2point
3.3.
Mainitemsexchanged2point

columbianexchange
atransferofpeople,products,andideasbetweenhemisphere
Europeansintroducedcows,hogs,andotherdomesticsanimals
smallpox,chickenpox,measlesandothercontagiousdisease.

Sowhatisthecolumbianexchange?Thecolumbianexchangeisatransferofpeople,
products,andideasbetweentheeasternandwesternhemisphere.Mostofthe
exchangetheydidbroughtpositiveeffectstotheWesternandEasternhemisphere.The
EuropeansintroducedtheAmericastocows,hogs,andotherdomesticanimals.But
evenso,EuropeansbroughtnegativeeffectsintoTheAmericasaswell.Theybrought
smallpox,chickenpox,measlesandothercontagiousdiseasewhichdecreased
Americaspopulationbythousands.AswellasTheAmericashadagreatimpact,the

Europeanswasthesameaswell.TheAmericasintroducedllama,turkeys,squirrels,
andmuskratstotheEuropeans.Theyalsointroducedthemtoplantstheyhavenever
seenbefore.

4.
SpainsempireintheAmericas(p.44)
4.1.
BriefsummaryofSpainintheAmericas,conquistadorsconqueringAztecs
andIncas,PoncedeLeoninFlorida3points
theguywhowasresponsibleforthedefeatoftheAztecswasHernandoCortez.
hiscrewandtheAztecswereveryoutnumbered,however,thefactthatCortezs
crewhadweaponsandanimals,gaveahugeadvantage.Cortezmetwiththe
AztecleaderMontezuma,andbribedhimwithgoldforhimtoleave.Howeverhe
justheldMoctezuma
FranciscoPizzarrossituationwasverysimilartoCortezsbuthehadconquered
theIncas.
4.2.
ColonizingSpanishAmerica(treatmentoftheNativesp.4748)2
points
TheNativeAmericanshadwentthroughaverytoughtimebecauseofthe
colonizationoftheircountrybecauseoftheSpaniards.Theydidhavemuch
anymorebecausetheSpaniardstookthemajorityoftheirland.
TheSpaniardsforcedtheNativeAmericanstoworkforthem.Theyalsotriedto
converttheNativeAmericanstoChristianitybyforce.
Slaverywasalsoabigthingthathappenedinthe1500s.Spainbrought4000
slavesfromAfricaandmovedthemtotheCaribbeanandforcedthemtowork
there.andlaterbythemiddleofthe1500s,theywere2000slaveseachyearto
Hispaniola.

5.
EuropeansCompeteinNorthAmerica(p.49)
5.1.
WhyItMattersp.492points
5.2.
EconomicConflicts2points
Spainsempireintheamericasincreasedspainswealthandpower.
Asthereformationincreasedthesplitbetweenprotestantsandcatholicstension
increased.
AsSpainsempireintheAmericasincreasedspainswealthandpower,other
countriesbecamejealousofthefame.Otherthanthat,theprotestantReformationwas
anothertension.WhentheRomanCatholicchurchrefusedthedemandsfor
reformation,theseprotestantsbuiltnewchurchestoprotest.Thesecausedthe
CatholicsandProtestantsintoalongwar.

ReligioustensionbetweentheCatholicandProtestantcreatedrivalries.Because
ofthis,warsbecamecommonandcountrieswerentabletodependoneachother.An
exampleisSpainnotbeingabletodependontheItalianandportuguesetraderswhich
madethemsupportColumbussvoyage.TheSpanishthoughtthatfindingnewtrade
routeswouldmakethemwealthyandpowerfulalsotheyhopedforasiancoloniesto
providethemgold.Thatwasbecausetheythoughtthatgoldwouldhelpstrengthentheir
armies.Thisideaisalsofrequentlycalledmercantilismwhichmeanscoloniesexisting
tomakehomecountrywealthyandpowerful.

5.3.
ExplanationofMercantilism(usediagramattopofp.50)2points
5.3.1.
Itwasasystemthatencouragedtheideaofgovernmenttrade

regulationtogainwealth.itwasthemainschoolofeconomic
thoughtfromthe15ththroughthe18thCenturies,andwasthe
pushbehindmuchoftheexplorationandcolonizationofother
landsandmanyofthewarsthathappenedduringthat
time.
5.4.

TheSpanishArmada2points
5.4.1.
spainwantingtochangeenglandintoacatholiccountryand
relationswerestrainedbecauseoftheenglishraidson
spanishships.phillipthesecondsentafleetof130warships
thespanisharmadatoengland.barelyhalfofthemmadeit
backtospain.thedefeatofthespanisharmadameantthe
balanceofpowerineuropewaschangedandspainscontrol
overtheseas.
5.5.
AsiaContinuestoBeckon(p.51)
AfterChristopherColumbussvoyage,itinterestedanotheritalian
explorer,JohnCabot.AndJohnCabotafterlookingathisvoyage,hedecidedto
journeytoamorenorthernroutetoAsia,thinkingthatitwouldbequickerand
easier.

5.5.1ThecontinuedsearchforAsia2point
Later,peopleinEuropewererealizingthattheplacestheseexplorers
werenotinAsia,butsomewhereelsethattheydidntknow.

5.5.2JohnCabot2point
JohnCabotisasonofaspicemerchantandmovedtoVenice.Heisan
Italiannavigator.
NeitherSpainorPortugalwerentinterestedinhisidea
Englishwereinterestedsogavemoneyforoneship
Firstvoyage,crossedNorthAtlanticandexploredtheregionaroundthe
Newfoundland.
SecondvoyageCabotmighthaveexploredtothecoastofChesapeake
Bay,butnobodyknowsforsurebecausehisshopsdisappearedwithouta
trace.
SoonEuropeansrealizedthatCabothadntlandedinAsiabuttotheland
theyhadneverseen,NorthAmerica.

Speech:JohnCabotanItalianexplorerwhowasinterestedinexploring.
SpainandPortugalwerentinterestedinhisideabuttheEnglishwere
interestedandgavemoneyforoneship.Inhisfirstvoyagehetraveled
aroundthecoastoftheNewfoundland.Inhissecondvoyage,hemight
haveexploredtoaboutthecoastofChesapeakeBaybuthisshipswere
lostandnobodyknowswherehecouldhavedisappearedto.Soonthe
EuropeansrealizedthatCabothadntlandedinAsiabuttothelandthey
hadneverseen,NorthAmerica.

Italianexplorer
Fromvenice
InspiredbyChristopherColumbus
Canadiancoastline

5.5.3.Englandjumpsintothegame2point
EnglandandFrancefoundedcolonies.
AfterEnglandskingdied,histhronewaspassedtohissonEdward,then
toMarythefirst,thentoElizabeththefirst.
ElizabeththefirstsrulerenewedtherivalrywiththeRomanCatholic
Spain.
RelationshipswerestrainedbytheEnglishwhomraidedtheSpanish
ships.
Fromthis,theSpanishresentedEnglishassistanttotheirenemieswho
weretryingtowinindependenceintheSpanishprovinceofHolland.

Spainsking,KingPhilipthesecond,assembledafleetof130warshipsto
forceElizabethoutofthethrone.Theenglishshipslatersankmanyofthe
Spanishships.Theamountofshipstheyhadleftaffectedtheirbalancein
powerinEurope.TheirlossofpowerenabledEnglandandFrancetofind
coloniesintheAmerica

Speech:ElizabeththefirstsrulerenewedtherivalrywiththeRoman
CatholicSpain.TherelationbetweentheEnglishandtheSpanishwas
strainedwhentheEnglishraidedtheSpanishships.Theamountofships
theyhadleftaffectedtheirbalanceinpower.ThelossenabledEngland
andFrancetofindcoloniesintheAmerica.
Renewtherivalry
RomanCatholicSpain
RelationsEnglishandSpanish
Affectedtheirbalanceofpower
EnglandandFRANCEAMERICA

5.5.4.TheNorthwestPassage(allofparagraph3fromAsiaContinuesto
beckonpage51)2point
JohnCabotistheguywellbetalkingaboutthemostinthispart.He
thoughtthataNorthernroutetoAsiamightwork.PortugalandSpain
didnthaveanyinterestinhisjourney,buttheEnglishfinancedthevoyage
forCabot.Inthefirstvoyage,hewassearchingaroundNewfoundland,but
inhissecondvoyage,hedisappearedwithoutanyevidence.

(40points)
Another10pointswillbeawardedforcreativityandexecutionofyourmovie,
resultinginatotalof50points.Thisisasummativeassignment.

Content

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