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important in painting, sculpture and architecture

means by which we are made to see the position of
objects in space
2 types: Linear perspective and aerial perspective

Linear Perspective
direction of lines and size of objects
creates an illusion of recession in depth from a
foreground near the viewer to a middle ground and a
distant background
Figures are scaled in size in the passage from the
foreground to the converging point in the background

Linear Perspective
All objects appear smaller the farther away they are
Parallel lines receding into a distance appear to
converge. (vanishing point)

term of linear perspective applied mainly to human
method of representing a person in picture in depth

Aerial Perspective
changes in appearance due to atmosphere
objects become lighter in color and hazier in outline
as they approach the horizon