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Hadrons, Baryons, and Mesons

Like social elephants, quarks only exist in groups with other quarks and are never found alone.
Composite particles made of quarks are called

Although individual quarks have fractional electrical charges, they combine such that hadrons have a net
integer electric charge. Another property of hadrons is that they have no net color charge even though the
quarks themselves carry color charge (we will talk more about this later).
There are two classes of hadrons (try putting your mouse on the elephants):

...are any
hadron which
is made of
three quarks
(qqq).

...contain one quark
(q) and one
antiquark ( ).

One example of a
meson is a pion (
Because they +
), which is made of
are made of
an up quark and a
two up quarks
down anitiquark. The
and one down
antiparticle of a
quark
meson just has its
(uud),proton quark and antiquark
s are baryons. switched, so an
So
antipion ( -) is made
areneutrons of a down quark and
(udd).
an up antiquark.
Because a meson
consists of a particle
and an antiparticle, it
is very unstable. The
K meson lives much
longer than most
mesons, which is
why it was called
"strange" and gave
this name to the
strange quark, one
of its components.
A weird thing about hadrons is that only a very very very small part of the mass of a hadron is
due to the quarks in it.

Classification of Particles

Baryons are the heaviest particles of all.The most basic way of classifying particles is by their mass. This group is then spilt up into baryons and mesons. See the examples below. the proton is the only stable baryon all other baryons eventually decay into a proton. followed by mesons.   proton neutron . they are not fundamental particles as they are made up of quarks. Leptons are the lightest particles. Hadrons are the heaviest particles. All baryons contain three quarks. Hadrons Hadrons are subject to the strong nuclear force. Baryons.

See the examples below. Antiparticles & Photons Particle Interactions . all mesons contain a quark and an antiquark.    electron muon neutrino Links to other pages in this topic. Constituents of the Atom Stable and Unstable Nuclei Particles.   pion kaon Leptons Leptons. are subject to the weak nuclear force (they do not feel the strong nuclear force). See the examples below.Antibaryons. see the examples below   antiproton antineutron Mesons.

Classification of Particles Quarks & Anti-quarks .