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1Definition of triangle

Sin A= a/c

Cos

b/c

A=

Tan A= a/b

Cot A =b/a

Sec A= c/b

Csc A=c/a

For every angle in the triangle, there is the side of the

triangle adjacent to it (from here on

denoted as adj), the side opposite of it (from here on

denoted as opp), and the hypotenuse

(from here on denoted as hyp), which is the longest side

of the triangle located opposite of the

defined as follows

cosine of = cos =adj/hyp

tangent of = tan =sin/cos=opp/adj

cotangent of = cot = 1 / tan= cos / sin=adj / opp

secant of = sec =1 / cos = hyp / adj

cosecant of = csc =1 / sin = hyp / op p

In the unit circle, one can define the trigonometric

functions cosine and sine as follows. If (x,y) is

a point on the unit cirlce, and if the ray from the origin

(0,0) to that point (x,y) makes an angle

with

the

positive

x-axis,

(such

that

the

then,

cos = x/1 = x

sin = y/1 = y

as (cos, sin). Combined with the

equation x2 + y2 = 1, the definitions above give the

relationship sin2+cos2=1. In addition, other

trigonometric functions can be defined in terms of x

and y:

tan = sin/cos = y/x

cot = cos/sin = x/y

sec = 1/cos = 1/x

csc = 1/sin = 1/y

Fig.3 below shows a unit circle in the coordinate plane,

together with some useful values of angle

, and the points (x,y)=(cos, sin), that are most

commonly used (also see table in the following

Angles

Exact Values

for

Angles

Trigonometric

30

45

60

90

2

2

3

2

1

2

3

2

2

2

1

2

3

3

3

3

Functions

sin

cos

tan

cot

sin^2()+cos^2()=1

tan^2()+1=sec^2()

cot^2()+1=csc^2()

sin=tan*cos cos=cot*sin

tan=sin*sec cot=cos*csc

sec=tan*csc csc=sec*cot

tancot=1

0

0

sincsc=1

cossec=1

cos(+)=coscos-sinsin

cos(-)=coscos+sinsin

sin()=sincoscossin

tan(+)=(tan+tan)/(1-tantan)

tan(-)=(tan-tan)/(1+tantan)

sin(2)=2sincos

cos(2)=cos^2()-sin^2()=2cos^2()-1=12sin^2()

tan(2)=2tan/[1-tan^2()]

sin3=3sin-4sin^3()

cos3=4cos^3()-3cos

sin^2(/2)=(1-cos)/2

cos^2(/2)=(1+cos)/2

tan^2(/2)=(1-cos)/(1+cos)

tan(/2)=sin/(1+cos)=(1-cos)/sin

sin^2()=(1-cos(2))/2

cos^2()=(1+cos(2))/2

tan^2()=(1-cos(2))/(1+cos(2))

sin=2tan(/2)/[1+tan^2(/2)]

cos=[1-tan^2(/2)]/[1+tan^2(/2)]

tan=2tan(/2)/[1-tan^2(/2)]

sincos=(1/2)[sin(+)+sin(-)]

cossin=(1/2)[sin(+)-sin(-)]

coscos=(1/2)[cos(+)+cos(-)]

sinsin=-(1/2)[cos(+)-cos(-)]

sin+sin=2sin[(+)/2]cos[(-)/2]

sin-sin=2cos[(+)/2]sin[(-)/2]

cos+cos=2cos[(+)/2]cos[(-)/2]

cos-cos=-2sin[(+)/2]sin[(-)/2]

tanAtanBtan(A+B)+tanA+tanB-tan(A+B)=0

()

sinx=[e^(ix)-e^(-ix)]/(2i)

cosx=[e^(ix)+e^(-ix)]/2

tanx=[e^(ix)-e^(-ix)]/[ie^(ix)+ie^(-ix)]

Question

Figure, repair a direct road between a, B between the two places, to from a measured highway is

North East 48 degree. A, B between the two places at the same time start, several days later, on the

road is accurate, then another highway towards is South West ___________ degrees.

sin260+cos260=__________

In a right angled triangle in front of ABC, A=, BC=13, AB=12,

is _________

According to the data in the figure, obtain the lightning rod

by calculator, also available are the following reference data

for: sin43 degrees sin40 degrees = 0.6802, = 0.6428, cos43

= 0.7341 degrees, cos40 degrees = 0.7660, tan43 = 0.9325

degrees, tan40 degrees - 0.8391)

D

C

43

40

A

52m

meters, the tilt angle A is alpha, height BC as ___________

meters

(delta

results

containing

alpha

than

the

representation).

1 calculation:

2

calculation:

2 (2 cos 45 sin 90 ) (4 4 ) ( 2 1) 1

(1) verification: AC = BD

(2) if, for AD long

is 30 degrees, to move forward 100 meters to arrive at the

top of the B, the observation tower elevation angle is 45

degrees, for high tower

D

300 boat

450 in a moment in the position of A B C

In figure, a fishing

A

B

C

(observation lighthouse,

lighthouse

near distance A B), two

beacon at exactly 65 degrees 45 minutes north easterly

direction, fishing boats to sail east to positive after L hours

and 45 minutes at point D, the observed B just in the North

Lighthouse direction, known between two lighthouse is a

distance of 12 nautical miles, fishing boat speed of 16

knots /, and know there is reef lighthouse in the C around

18.6 nm, ask this fishing boat according to the original

direction to sail on the rocks, there is no danger?

North

C

B

East

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