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JUGOImPORt-SDPR broj 28, Decembar 2009.

GODINA JUBILEJA I USPEHA
A YEAR OF SUCCESS AND JUBILEE
U OVOM BROJU - CONTENTS .
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Izdavač • P ublisher

YUGOIMPORT-SDPR
16
Glavni
i odgovorni urednik • E ditor-in-Chief USPEH KOJI OBEĆAVA NA SVETSKOM TRŽIŠTU
ON THE WORLD DEFENSE
dr. Nenad Miloradović MARKET
Zamenik glavnog i Deputy E ditor-in-
odgovornog urednika • Chief

Aleksandar L ijaković
34
Likovni urednik • Art Director
Marko Kopitović

Uređivački odbor • E ditorial B oard
Vlastimir S tevanović , Zoran J elić ,
Milić J auković , Vesna D. S tupar,
B ojana R adovanović

P revod • T ranslation
Odeljenje za prevodilačke poslove
Translation department of
63
Yugoimport-S DP R PROJEKTI JI SDPR U OBLASTI VOJNIK BUDUĆNOSTI „VB – 10“
ARTILJERIJE SOLDIER OF THE FUTURE “VB-10”
P repress - DT P • P repress – DT P
SDPR PROJECTS IN THE FIELD
Marko Kopitović OF ARTILLERY
Marko S tojanović
TRAGEDIJA U ‘’PRVOM PARTIZANU’’
Fotografija • P hoto
Četvrtak, 03. septembar 2009. godine ostaće upamćen po tragediji
B ranko Todorović
koja se dogodila u jedn oj od najstarijih fabrika srpske odbrambene
industrije.
Š tampa • P rinted at U eksploziji u pogonima "Prvog partizana" iz Užica, život su izgu-
Cicero bili Svetlana Đurić, Jasmina Ostojić, Gordana Đokić, Biljana
Luković, Vida Terzić, Dragan Milovan ović i Jelena Lončarević.
Adresa redakcije • E ditorial Office
Bulevar umetnosti 2 2, Bul.umetnosti St Kolektiv Javn og preduzeća Jugoimport-SDPR ovom prilikom
Beograd Belgrade izražava najdublje saučešće porodicama nastradalih kao i svojim
• phone (381-11) kolegama iz ‘’Prvog partizana’’.
telefoni: (381-11) 222
44 00 222 44 00
222 44 44 222 44 44 TRAGEDY I N ‘’PRVI PARTIZAN’’

faks: (381-11) • fax (381-11) Thursday, 3 September 2009, will be remembered for the disaster in
222 45 77 222 45 77 one of the oldest defense factories in Serbia.
222 45 99 222 45 99 In the explosion that happened in "Prvi partizan", Uzice, the follow-
ing people lost their lives: Svetlana Đurić, Jasmina Ostojić,
e-mail: fdsp@eunet.rs Gordana Đokić, Biljana Luković, Vida Terzić, Dragan Milovan ović
http://www.yugoimport.com and Jelena Lončarević.

The employe es of Yugoimport-SDPR express their de epest condo-
lences to the victims’ families and the fellow-workers of ‘’Prvi parti-
zan’’.
PRIBLIŽAVANJE TOWARDS A REAL
UVODNIK - EDITORIAL

“KVANTNOM QUANTUM LEAP
SKOKU”

Piše By
dr. Nenad Miloradović dr. Nenad Miloradović

S a ponosom ističemo da je u protekloj 2009. godini, u kojoj W e are proud to say that in 2009, the year in which the
je prigodnom svečanošću obeležena 60-godišnjica uspešnog company quietly celebrated its 60th anniversary of success-
poslovanja, naše preduzeće ostvarilo značajne poslovne rezul- ful business operations, we achieved remarkable business
tate, koji se ogledaju u uspešnoj realizaciji ranije potpisanih results. Previously signed capital contracts were successful-
kapitalnih ugovora, kao i ugovaranju novih. Za Jugoimport- ly implemented, and new and complex contracts - extreme-
SDPR, odbrambenu industriju i druge partnere iz Republike ly significant for Yugoimport-SDPR, defense companies and
Srbije reč je o izuzetno značajnim poslovima, pre svega u other partners from the Republic of Serbia - were signed,
oblasti prodaje složenih sredstava NVO i transfera odbram- mainly in the domain of the sales of complex defense equip-
benih tehnologija. Ističemo da smo u ugovaranju nekih od ment and transfer of defense techologies. In negotiating some
najznačajnijih novih poslova, imali maksimalnu podršku of the most significant capital deals, we had major support
najužeg državnog rukovodstva Republike Srbije i Ministrastva of the State leadership and the Ministry of Defense as they
odbrane, koji su prepoznali značaj tih projekata za privre- recognized the significance of these contracts for the coun-
du naše zemlje. try's overall economy.
Proces ustanovljenja «Trijade» poslovnih misija Javnog The process of establishing Yugoimport-SDPR's «Triad
Preduzeća Jugoimport SDPR, započet pre nekoliko godina, mission», started a few years back, was rounded off during
zaokružen je tokom 2009. godine, uspostavljajući izbalansi- 2009, by maintaining a balance between the sales of defense
ran odnos obima poslovanja u oblasti prodaje sredstava i equipment and services from standard production programs
usluga iz redovnih proizvodnih programa srpske odbram- of the Serbian defense companies, sales of the equipment
bene industrije, prodaje sredstava iz razvojnih i proizvodnih from Yugoimport-SDPR's development and production pro-
programa Jugoimport-SDPR, kao i uvoza složenih visoko- grams, and the import of complex and highly advanced
sofisticiranih sredstava NVO za potrebe MO i MUP defense equipment for the needs of the MoD and the Ministry
Republike Srbije. of Interior of the Republic of Serbia.

Marketinško-razvojna strategija, koju karakterišu izuze- Our marketing and development strategy, characterized by
tni napori zaposlenih u prodoru na nova ciljna tržišta i u raz- the employees' remarkable efforts in our breakthrough to the
voju kompleksnih sredstava NVO koja po konceptualnim i new target markets, and in the development of complex
tehniočko-tehnološkim rešenjima prate najnovije svetske defense equipment designed with such technical and tech-
trendove, jer samo sa tako koncipiranim ciljevima se mogu nological solutions that are in line with the latest global trends
postići rezultati koji vode napred, prema značajnijem obi- – for only with such concepts we can achieve the results that
mu poslovanja, dali su i ove godine značajne rezultate, koji- will lead us forward, towards a more remarkable expansion
ma se približavamo «kvantnom skoku» u obimu poslovanja - produced noteworthy results this year, taking us closer to
koji bi nas uveo u red vodećih proizvođača iz zemalja Zapadne the «quantum leap» that could rank us among the leading
Evrope, cilju koji smo postavli pre nekoliko godina. Western European manufacturers, as was set as our goal a
Jugoimport-SDPR ulaže velike napore u realizacijiu osno- few years ago.
vne poslovne misije - misije marketinško-komercijalnog Yugoimport-SDPR has been investing major efforts to real-
eksponenta, odnosno integratora napora srpske odbrambe- ize its basic business mission – the mission of a marketing
ne industrije za nastup na svetskom tržištu odbrane. and commercial exponent, or integrator of Serbian defense
Značajne rezulate ove godine postigli smo i u kompleksnim industry on the global defense market. We also had some
poslovima transfera odbrambenih tehnologija remarkable results with the complex contracts for the trans-
Učestvovali smo na pet značajnih međunarodnih izložbi fer of defense technologies.
NVO u inostarnstvu, pokrivajući Bliski Istok, Latinsku We took part in five important international defense exhi-
Ameriku i Jugoistočnu Aziju i organizovali zajednički nastup bitions, covering Middle East, Latin America and South-East
našeg preduzeća i srpske odbrambene industrije pod sloga- Asia, and organized a joint appearance with Serbian defense
noim «Snaga Integracije» na međunarodnoj izložbi NVO companies at the international defense exhibition in Belgrade,
«PARTNER 2009» održanoj juna meseca u Beogradu. PARTNER 2009, under the slogan «Power of Integration».
This year, due attention was also paid to the organization

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UVODNIK - EDITORIAL
Poslovnoj misiji organizacije razvoja i proizvodnje slože- and production of complex weapon systems, as part of our
nih borbenih sistema u ulozi «Sistem integratora» i ove godi- mission of the «System integrator». The implementation of
ne je posvećena vrlo značajna pažnja uspostavljanjem više previously started projects was continued, a number of new
novih razvojnih projekata i daljom realizacijom ranije zapo- development projects was started, and production of com-
četih, ali posebno, osvajanjem proizvodnje složenih borbe- plex weapon systems was mastered. Mastering the produc-
nih sistema. Osvajanje proizvodnje složenih borbenih siste- tion of these complex weapon systems is a real challenge,
ma pravi je izazov, budući da zahteva složenu organizaciju i requiring complex organization and fitting in of various pro-
uklapanje različitih etapa proizvodnih procesa, proizvodnu duction processes, production cooperation, mastering of new
kooperaciju, osvajanje novih tehnologija i složene postupke technologies and complex quality control procedures and
kontrole kvaliteta i završnihi ispitivanja, a uz strateški prin- final tests, along with the strategic principle of economical-
cip ekonomski optimizovanih ulaganja, te maksimalno osla- ly optimized investments and reliance on the facilities, infra-
njanje na, u zemlji raspoložive objekte, infrastrukturu i proiz- structure and production capacities available in the country.
vodne kapacitete. Ove godine je osvojena proizvodnja više This year, the production of several weapon systems was mas-
borbenih sistema, od čega posebno ističemo novu genera- tered. Special emphasis should be placed on the new gener-
ciju artiljerijskog sistema NORA i školskog aviona LASTA ation NORA artillery system and LASTA 95 training aircraft.
95. At the «PARTNER 2009» show, and later in October, with-
U okviru izložbe «PARTNER 2009», kao i kasnije, okto- in the joint exercise called «Decisive response 2009», the top
bra meseca, u okviru združene vežbe «Odlučni odgovor 2009» state representatives, and the representatives from the MoD,
predstavnicima državnog vrha Republike Srbije, te širem Armed Forced and the Ministry of Interior were presented
krugu predstavnika MO, VS i MUP, prikazali smo niz slo- a series of complex weapon systems from our development
ženih borbenih sistema iz naših razvojnih i proizvodnih pro- and production program. Some of the systems – in the field
grama,od kojih smo neke sisteme prikazali premijerno - iz of artillery, combat vehicles, guided missiles, aircraft weapons,
oblasti artiljerije, borbenih vozila, vođenih raketa, naoruža- equipment from the project known as the Soldier of the
vanja vazduhoplova, projekat naoružanja i opreme vojnika Future, fire control systems and command-information sys-
budućnosti, sistema za upravljanje vatrom i komandno-infor- tems - were shown for the first time. This way, we demon-
macionih sistema. Time smo još jednom ukazali na ozbilj- strated once again our serious orientation towards develop-
nost dugoročne orijentacije Jugoimport-SDPR-a prema raz- ment and production of the most attractive combat systems,
voju i proizvodnji tržišno najatraktivnijih borbenih sistema, designed with the aim of meeting the needs of both our for-
koncipranim u cilju zadovoljenja potreba naših ino-partne- eign customers and the Defense System of the Republic of
ra, ali i Sistema Odbrane Republike Srbije. Serbia.
U saglasnosti sa ovom orijentacijom, krajem godine, u vrlo In view of the above, we equipped at the end of the year an
kratkom roku opremili smo tim elitne jedinice VS koji je uče- elite team of the Serbian Armed Forces that took part in a
stvovao na zajedničkoj vežbi sa partnerskim snagama u ino- joint exercise abroad together with our partner forces. They
stranstvu, kompletom borbene uniforme i taktičkim prslu- wore the combat uniforms and tactical vests from
kom iz razvojnog programa JI-SDPR čiji je koncept prilago- Yugoimport-SDPR's development program, the concept of
đen specifičnim zahtevima korisnika. which is suited to the specific user requirements.

5
USPEH KOJI A PROMISING
INtERVJU - INtERVIEw

OBEĆAVA SUCCESS

Piše By
VlastimirStevanović VlastimirStevanović

Stevan Nikčević, generalni direktor Stevan Nikcevic, Director General of
Jugoimport SDPR J.P. o protekloj godini Yugoimport SDPR J.P. about the last year

Godina koja je iza nas, mnogima će ostati u lošoj uspomeni, For many, the year behind us will remain a bitter memory, as
kao godina jedne od najvećih svetskih ekonomskih kriza. Da the year of one of the major world economic crisis. Will you also
li ćete je i vi tako pamtiti? remember it as such?

Obzirom na činjenicu da je Jugoimport SDPR u 2009. godi- In view of the fact that Yugoimport SDPR achieved its best
ni ostvario najbolji poslovni rezultat u poslednjih 18 godina operating results in the past 18 years of its six-decade history,
svoje šest decenija duge istorije, neskromno bi bilo da budem it would be pretentious to say that I am not satisfied. The com-
nezadovoljan. Preduzeće je povećalo izvoz uspešnim pozi- pany had increased its exports by positioning itself well on our
cioniranjem na tržištima gde smo tradicionalno prisutni, ali traditional markets, but it had also conquered some new mar-
i osvojilo neka nova. Svoje prisustvo proširili smo na tržišta kets. We extended our presence to the markets of Vietnam,
Vijetnama, Malezije, Kenije, Alžira, Egipta... Malaysia, Kenya, Algeria, Egypt...
Pored toga, preduzeće je značajno povećalo kreditni rejt- The company increased its credit rating as well, which should
ing što bi trebalo da olakša nastavak poslovne ekspanzije. facilitate further business expansion. Furthermore, it is realis-
Dalje, realno je očekivati da će u narednom periodu poslovi tic to expect that in the forthcoming period the capital invest-
inženjeringa postati važan segment naše aktivnosti, čime ment projects will become an important segment of our activi-
ćemo obogatiti i zaokružiti izvoznu ponudu. Moram da pod- ties that will enrich our export list and make it complete. It is
setim da je Jugoimport SDPR svoj prestižni imidž na inos- worth noting that, to a large extent, Yugoimport SDPR owes its
tranim tržištima u velikoj meri dugovao upravo poslovima prestigious image on the international market to these capital
inženjeringa pa se nadam da ćemo uspeti da obnovimo projects, so I hope that we shall manage to renew our success-
uspešnu tradiciju i u ovom segmentu poslovanja. ful tradition in this section of our business activities.

Kako objašnjavate zavidne rezultate sistema Jugoimport How do you explain the enviable results of Yugoimport SDPR
SDPR u godini koja je bila krcata ograničenjima za razmah in the year full of limitations that hindered vigorous growth of
poslovnih operacija? business operations?

Na osnovu evidentnog rasta izvoza, moglo bi se zaključiti Based on the evident increase in the export rates, one could
da svetska ekonomska kriza nije bitnije uticala na poslovan- conclude that the world economic crisis did not have a sub-
je našeg preduzeća, ali je to ipak površna analiza. Pad cena stantial effect on the performance of our company. However,
nafte uzrokovan recesijom utiče direktno na visinu budžeta that would be only a superficial analysis. The drop in oil prices
naših potencijalnih kupaca. Činjenica je da je izvoz našeg caused by recession is in direct proportion to the size of the bud-
preduzeća spacifičan jer je namenjen poznatim kupcima, na gets of our potential customers. The fact is that we export spe-
osnovu dugoročnih aranžamana i studiozne obrade tržišta. cific goods to familiar clients against long-term arrangements
Samo zbog toga, efekti krize se nisu tokom ove godine bit- and after meticulous market analysis. It is only for this reason
nije odrazili na naše poslovanje. Ako se nagovešteni trend that the effects of the crisis did not have more serious reper-
oporavka svetske privrede u poslednjem kvartalu ove godine cussions on our business dealings in the past year. If, as indi-
nastavi i u narednom periodu, ima nade da ćemo kroz cated in the last quarter of the year, the trend in global recovery
ekonomsku krizu relativno bezbolno proći. continues, there is a fair chance that we shall come out of the
Međutim, na te spoljne okolnosti, mi u preduzeću niti smo economic crisis in a comparatively painless manner.
mogli, niti možemo da utičemo. U domenu naših mogućnos- Anyway, the company people could not and cannot influence
ti je sprovođenje poslovne strategije koja poboljšava ukup- these external circumstances. What is within our ability, is to
ne performanse preduzeća. Tu pre svega mislim na implement the business strategy that can improve overall com-
uspostavljanje strateškog partnerstva sa domaćom odbram- pany performance. Here I am most of all referring to strategic
benom industrijom koji omogućava optimalan nastup na partnerships with the local defense companies that help us make
svetskom tržištu. Podsetiću da je prošle godine Jugoimport the best possible approach to the global market. It is worth to
be noted that last year Yugoimport SDPR signed a long-term

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INtERVJU - INtERVIEw
SDPR sa holding kompanijom «Krušik» iz Valjeva potpisao contract on cooperation with the Holding Company «Krušik»
Ugovor o dugoročnoj poslovnoj saradnji, a u septembru ove from Valjevo, and in September 2009, a contract on strategic
godine sa fabrikom «Zastava oružje» iz Kragujevca Ugovor business cooperation with «Zastava Arms» from Kragujevac. A
o strateškoj poslovnoj saradnji. U proceduri je potpisivanje smilar arrangement is being made with «Sloboda» from Čačak.
sličnog aranžamana sa fabrikom «Sloboda» iz Čačka. Apart from this, a very important block in the foundations on
Dalje, važna kocka u temelju iz koga je nikao poslovni uspeh which the success of this company was built, is an increased
naše kuće je povećano ulaganje u modernizaciju i jačanje investment in modernization projects and strengthening of pro-
proizvodnje u soptvenoj režiji. U ovom momentu, Jugoimport duction. At the moment, Yugoimport SDPR has about 27 pro-
SDPR ima oko 27 projekata u raznim fazama razvoja: od jects in various stages of development, ranging from the «Lasta»
aviona «lasta», oklopnog vozila «lazar», borbenog vozila «kur- aircraft project, «Lazar» armored vehicle, «Kurjak» combat vehi-
jak», višenamenske protivoklopne vođene rakete «alas»...pa cle, multi-purpose anti-tank guided missile called «Alas» to the
do projekta «vojnik budućnosti». project known as «Soldier of the Future».
Da bi kompletna izvozna ponuda našeg preduzeća pron- Trying to find a way to the demanding foreign customer with
ašla put do probirljivog inostranog kupca, morali smo da our entire export offer, we had to intensify our marketing activ-
pojačamo marketinške aktivnosti. Na primer, tokom 2009. ities. In 2009, for example, we had our products exhibited at five
godine izlagali smo na pet međunarodnih sajamskih izložbi international shows, and were present at all the others. These
i bili prisutni na svim ostalim. Ovo su samo neki od delova are only some of the pieces of the jigsaw puzzle that can explain
mozaika koji je doprineo da na kraju ove godine s pravom why we are satisfied at the end of this year.
možemo biti zadovoljni.
You mentioned «Lasta» aircraft at the top of the development
Na listi razvojnih projekata na prvom mestu ste pomenuli projects list. Was it only incidental, or is it because the finaliza-
avion «lasta». Da li je reč o slučajnosti ili je finalizacija ovog tion of this project is, in a way, the «crowning glory» in Yugoimport-
projekta na neki način «kruna» uspešne poslovne godine SDPR's successful business year?
Jugoimport SDPR-a?
It was not incidental. Developed in a cooperative effort of the
Nije reč o slučajnosti. Avion «lasta», koji je razvijen u koop- Military Technical Institute, Yugoimport SDPR and the Utva
eraciji Vojnotehničkog instituta, Jugoimport SDPR-a i fab- Factory from Pančevo, «Lasta» is currently the most complex
rike Utva iz Pančeva, trenutno je najkompleksniji finalni final product exported from Serbia. So, we are naturally proud
proizvod koji Srbija izvozi. S razlogom smo ponosni na čin- of the fact that our company has made an active contribution to
jenicu da je naša kuća aktivno doprinela finalizaciji ovako the finalization of such a sophisticated project.
sofisticiranog projekta.

7
INtERVJU - INtERVIEw
Koji su razlozi da se pored svoje osnovne spoljnotr- What are the reasons that - in addition to its primary activity
govinske delatnosti, Jugoimport SDPR sve više posvećuje i.e. foreign trade - Yugoimport-SDPR has devoted more attention
razvoju i proizvodnji složenih borbenih sistema? ž to the development projects and production of complex weapon
systems?
Shvatili smo da bi fokusiranjem na poziciju prodavca stan-
dardne palete proizvoda domaće odbrambene industrije, We realized that by focusing ourselves on selling only the stan-
suzili tržište na mali broj zemalja. Zato smo se i opredelili dard range of products made by local defense companies, we
da se snažnije pozicioniramo kao integrator domaće would reduce our market to a small number of countries. This
odbrambene industrije i svetskom tržištu kao poslovni sis- is why we decided to position ourselves as the integrator of local
tem ponudimo složenije borbene sisteme. Takva pozicija defense industry, and offer, as a business system, more com-
omogućava kontinuirano i značajnije povećanje plasmana plex weapon systems to the global market. Such a position
onih proizvoda koji su već osvojeni u domaćim fabrikama. enables us to promote and market those products that have
Kupcima nudimo naše borbene sisteme kako bi se odlučili already been mastered by our local factories. One more reason
i za municiju koja se proizvodi u domaćim fabrikama. for offering complex weapons to customers is to motivate them
Jačanjem pozicije integratora, Jugoimport SDPR proširu- to opt for the ammunition produced by our local companies. By
je tržišne prostore svim domaćim fabrikama da se pojedi- strengthening its integrating position, Yugoimport-SDPR opens
načno pojave kao direktni izvoznici. up the market for independent appearance of the local compa-
nies as direct exporters.
U kojoj meri država ima sluha za probleme odbrambene
industrije? To what extent is the Government responsive to the defense
industry problems?
Mora se istaći i snažan doprinos države u izvoznoj
ekspanziji domaće odbrambene industrije. Na primer, It is important to point out quite clearly that the Government
Ministarstvo odbrane, kao resorno, svojim spoljnopolitičkim made a strong contribution to the growth of defense exports.
angažmanom na produbljivanju vojno-ekonomske sarad- For example, international political effort of the relevant Ministry
nje Srbije sa drugim zemljama daje snažnu podršku i of Defense in deepening the military-economic cooperation with
olakšava nastup domaće odbrambene industrije na inos- other countries, provides powerful support and makes it easier
trana tržišta. Treba reći da i druga ministarstva prepozna- for the local defense companies to find their way to the foreign
ju potrebu da podrže aktivnosti koje vode jačanju izvozno markets. It has to be said that the other ministries have also rec-
orijentisane privrede. Posebno bih istakao, kao novi mom- ognized the need to support the activities that can boost the
enat, odluku Vlade Srbije da subvencioniranim kreditima export-oriented economy. One of the new things I would like to
podrži finansijsku konsolidaciju izvozno orijentisane place special emphasis on is the Government decision to con-
privrede. Budući da je 90 odsto proizvodnje domaće solidate the export-oriented economy by granting subsidized
odbrambene industrije usmereno ka izvozu, ovakva strate- loans. As 90 per cent of the domestic defense industry is export
gija Vlade direktno pomaže fabrikama da lakše prebrode oriented, such Government policy directly assists the factories
problem likvidnosti i ojačaju kapacitete za novi plasman na to deal with their solvency problems and enhances their capac-
strana tržišta. Jugoimport – SDPR čini sve što može i pruža ities for reappearance on foreign markets. Yugoimport-SDPR
punu podršku fabrikama da dođu do sredstava koja je Vlada does its best and offers full support to the factories to make use
namenila za stimulaciju povećanja izvoza. Radi se i na of the export-stimulating funds allocated to them by the
otvaranju linija za dobijanje izuzetno povoljnih investicionih Government. Credit lines for highly favorable investment loans
kredita. are also being opened.

Poslovni plan Jugoimport SDPR-a za 2010. godinu pred- Yugoimport-SDPR’s business plan for 2010 forecasts an upward
viđa nastavak trenda rasta ugovaranja i realizacije novih trend in new contracts and deals. Is this ambitious target com-
poslova. Da li je ovakav ambiciozni cilj kompatibilan sa patible with the company’s personnel?
kadrovskim potencijalom preduzeća?
High quality human resources have always been an important
Bitna komparativna prednost Jugoimport SDPR-a u advantage of Yugoimport-SDPR in market competition, and this
tržišnoj utakmici uvek je bio kvalitetan ljudski kapital, o fact is best reflected in the qualification structure of the employ-
čemu najbolje svedoči profesionalna struktura zaposlenih. ees. Faced with an increasingly harsh competition, we have to
Za poslovnu ekspanziju u uslovima sve oštrije konkuren- keep renewing this important resource, if we want to grow.
cije neophodno je da se ovaj važan resurs permanentno Despite unfavorable external circumstances, in the past four
osvežava i obnavlja. I pored nepovoljnih spoljnih okolnos- years we managed to decrease the employees’ average age from
ti, uspeli smo da tokom protekle četiri godine smanjimo 47 to 41 years. The Government recommendation to impose
prosek starosti zaposlenih sa 47 na 41 godinu. Preporuka limits on the salaries and recruitment in the public sector does
Vlade o ograničavanju zarada i novog zapošljavanja u javnom not really serve our need to invest more in human resources.
sektoru ne ide na ruku našoj potrebi za većim investiran- We hope that the competent authorities will adopt a more flex-
jem u ljudski kapital. Nadamo se da će nadležni imati flek- ible attitude towards the profitable public companies that hold
sibilniji stav prema javnim preduzećima koja su profitabil- no monopoly and are not state-subsidized. And, Yugoimport-
na, nemaju monopolski položaj i ne primaju budžetske sub- SDPR is definitely one of them.
vencije. A Jugoimport – SDPR je upravo takvo preduzeće.

9
GODINA JUBILEJA A YEAR OF
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

I USpEHA SUccESS AND
JUBILEE

Piše By
Bojana Radovanovć Bojana Radovanovć
Aleksandar Lijaković Aleksandar Lijaković

G odina koja je za nama ostaće upamćena ne samo kao T he year behind us shall be remembered not only as a
jubilarna, već i jedna od uspešnijih u istoriji Jugoimport- jubilee, but also as one of the most successful years in the
SDPR. history of Yugoimport-SDPR.

Dana 29. juna obeležili smo 60 godina postojanja i rada On June 29, 2009 we celebrated 60 years of existence and
prigodnom i skromnom manifestacijom održanom u sveča- operation of our company at appropriate and modest mani-
nim prostorijama Palate Srbija. Našu svečanost svojim pri- festation held in the formal premises of Serbia Palace. The
sustvom uveličali su predsednik Republike Srbije Boris Tadić, President of the Republic of Serbia Boris Tadić, the Minister
ministar odbrane Dragan Šutanovac, načelnik Generalštaba of Defence Dragan Šutanovac, Chief of Defence LTG Miloje
Vojske Srbije general potpukovnik Miloje Miletić, brojni Miletić, numerous representatives of Serbian Armed Forces,
predstavnici Vojske, diplomatskog kora, državnih instituci- diplomatic corps, state institutions, defence industry and
ja, kompanija iz odbrambene industrije i privrede. Goste je other commercial companies honored us with their pres-
u ime kompanije pozdravio generalni direktor Stevan Nikčević ence at our celebration. The General Director of
ističući u obraćanju gostima, da je godina u kojoj kompani- Yugoimport-SDPR Stevan Nikčević greeted the esteemed
ja slavi 60. rođendan jedna od najuspešnijih i da je uslov da guests in the name of our company, pointing out in his speech
bi Jugoimport SDPR nastavio put uspeha ulaganje u ljud- that the year in which Yugoimport-SDPR celebrated its six-
ski kapital, zapošljavanje mladih, visokoobrazovanih struč- tieth anniversary was one of the most successful in the his-
najka, kao i angažovanje spoljnih eksperata za realizaciju tory of the company, and that investment in manpower as
konkretnih projekata. Podsetili smo drage goste da da je od well as hiring of young university educated experts and
decembra 2007. godine u okviru naše kompanije razvijeno engagement of experts for the realization of particular pro-
deset sistema naoružanja i vojne opreme, a posebno smo jects represent the prerequisite for our company to contin-
istakli samohodnu top-haubicu 155 mm „NORA/B/52“ i više- ue its way to success. He reminded the esteemed guests
namenski oklopni transporter „Lazar“. Tom prilikom je that ten new ADE systems have been developed in our com-
ministru odbrane Draganu Šutanovcu uručeno priznanje pany since December 2007, out of which he particularly
„Velika plaketa“ za izuzetan doprinos razvoju poslovanja pre- pointed out self-propelled howitzer gun NORA/B/52 cal. 155
duzeća. mm, and multipurpose armored transporter LAZAR.

10
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
Priznanje za doprinos razvoju preduzeća dobio je bivši On the occasion of the celebration of the anniversary, the
generalni direktor, general-potpukovnik Jovan Matović, a za Minister of Defence Dragan Šutanovac was awarded Great
uspešnu poslovnu saradnju korporacija Krušik. Plakete za Medal for exceptional contribution to the development of
uspešnu saradnju dobili su i Ministarstvo ekonomije, Vojno- business activities of Yugoimport-SDPR. Recognitions were
tehnički institut, Mašinski fakultet u Beogradu, preduzeće also awarded to former general director of Yugoimport-SDPR
Senzor infiz, kao i šest radnika Jugoimport-SDPR J.P. LTG Jovan Matović for his contribution to the development
A za kratako podsećanje, Jugoimport – SDPR J.P. je drža- of the company, and to Krušik Corporation for successful
vno preduzeće sa uspešnom višedecenijskom tradicijom u business cooperation. The medals to commemorate suc-
prometu naoružanja, vojne opreme i transfera tehnologije. cessful cooperation were awarded to the Ministry of
Istorija kompanije počinje 28. juna 1949. godine kada je Economy, Military Technical Institute, Faculty of Mechanical
Rešenjem predsednika Vlade FNRJ i Ministra narodne odbra- Engineering of Belgrade, company Sensor Infiz, and to six
ne maršala Josipa Broza Tita, osnovano preduzeće za među- workers of the Public Company Yugoimport-SDPR.
narodnu trgovinu “Jugoimport” sa primarnim ciljem da uvo-
zi delove i repromaterijal za potrebe domaće vojne industrije. A short reminder: Yugoimport-SDPR is state-owned com-
Protekom vremena, proizvodni kapaciteti jugoslovenske voj- pany with successful tradition of many decades in sale of
ne industrije prerasli su domaće potrebe, pa je izlazak na armaments, military equipment and transfer of technology.
svetsko tržište bila ekonomska neminovnost. Od 1953. godi- The history of the company started on June 28, 1949 when
ne “Jugoimport” počinje da se bavi i izvozom. Državnom an enterprise for international trade named “Yugoimport”
odlukom, 1974. godine poslovi uvoza i izvoza naoružanja i was founded by the Decision of the President of the Federal
vojne opreme centralizovani su u okviru novoformirane People`s Republic of Yugoslavia and the Minister of National
Savezne direkcije za promet i rezerve proizvoda sa poseb- Defence Marshal Josip Broz Tito.
nom namenom (SDPR), u čiji je sastav ušlo i preduzeće The primary aim of the enterprise was to import parts
“Jugoimport”. Nakon nekoliko reorganizacija, odlukom Vlade and raw materials required by our defence industry. In time,
Republike Srbije od 8. juna 2006. Jugoimport – SDPR J.P. the production capacities of Yugoslav defence industry out-
posluje kao javno preduzeće u apsolutnom državnom vla- grown the requirements of our own country; therefore exit
sništvu. Tokom svoje duge poslovne istorije, kompanija je to the world market became economically inevitable.
kroz spoljnotrgovniski promet naoružanja, opreme i vojnog “Yugoimport” started to deal in export in 1953. By a State
inženjeringa ostvarila prihod od oko 22 milijarde dolara. decision promulgated in 1974, all the activities concerned
with foreign trade in armaments and defence equipment
U toku prva trimeca 2009. J.P. Jugoimport-SDPR izvezao were centralized in newly formed Federal Directorate of
je naoružanja i opreme u vrednosti preko 105 mil USD, što Supply and Procurement (SDPR being the acronym of its
ga čini najvećim izvoznikom naoružanja u našoj zemlji i jed- name in Serbian), and “Yugoimport” enterprise became a
nim od najuspešnijih izvoznih sprskih preduzeća uopšte. part of this Directorate. After a number of reorganizations,
Yugoimport-SDPR became public company absolutely owned
by the state by the decision of
the Government of the
Republic of Serbia promul-
gated on June 8, 2006. During
his long business history, in
trade of armaments, equip-
ment and defence engineer-
ing Yugoimport-SDPR has
achieved total foreign trade
turnover worth of 22 billion
US dollars.

In the first quarter of 2009
Yugoimport-SDPR Public
Company exported arma-
ments and defence equip-
ment in the total value of
more than 105 million US
Dollars, thus becoming the
biggest exporter of ADE in
our country and one of the
most successful Serbian
exporting companies in gen-
eral.

11
JUGOIMpORT- YUGOIMpORT-
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

SDpR NA IZLOŽBI SDpR AT
«pARTNER 2009» «pARTNER 2009»
Piše By
Bojana Radovanović Bojana Radovanović
Aleksandar Lijaković Aleksandar Lijaković

G odinu koju ostavljamo za nama obeležila je i četvrta T he year behind us is marked with the fourth internation-
međunarodna izložba naoružanja i vojne opreme «PART- al exhibition of armaments and defense equipment «PART-
NER 2009», čiji smo bili suorganizatori u saradnji sa NER 2009». The Ministry of Defense was the patron of the
Ministarstvom odbrane kao pokroviteljem i Beogradskim exhibition, while Yugoimport-SDPR and Belgrade Fair were
sajmom. Nastupili smo saglasno uobičajenoj praksi sa do the co-organizers of the same. Further to the usual practice
sada realizovanih izložbi, kao integrator nastupa odbram- established on earlier exhibitions, Yugoimport-SDPR act-
bene industrije Republike Srbije, s tim što svaki od naših ed as a promotion integrator of the defense industry of the
saizlagača imao status učesnika na izložbi. Osim šest pre- Republic of Serbia, only this time each of our co-exhibitors
duzeća sa većinskim državnim kapitalom - Zastava Oružje, had the status of participant on the exhibition. Besides six
Krušik, Sloboda, MBL, Prva Iskra i Prvi Partizan, na štan- companies with major state capital - Zastava Arms, Krušik,
du Jugoimport- SDPR bili su prisutni i predstavnici predu- Sloboda, MBL, Prva Iskra and Prvi Partizan, the represen-
zeća Prva Petoletka, UTVA, Teleoptik Žiroskopi, EI Opek, tatives of UTVA, Teleoptik Žiroskopi, EI Opek, Sandra
Sandra obuća, Gepard, EDEPRO, Elektronski fakultet Niš, footwear, Gepard, EDEPRO, Faculty of Electronics from
Senzor Infiz, IRITEL, INSA AD, ZASTAVA Kamioni, Niš, Senzor Infiz, IRITEL, INSA AD, ZASTAVA Trucks
Vatrosprem. and Vatrosprem were also present on the stand of
Ministarstvo odbrane RS kao pokrovitelj izložbe, na svom Yugoimport-SDPR.
sajamskom prostoru integrisalo je nastup ustanova i remon- On the other hand, the stand of The Ministry of Defense
tih zavoda Vojske Srbije, a to su pre svega VTI, TOC, teh- of the Republic of Serbia as the patron of the exhibition, inte-
nički remontni zavodi Kragujevac i Čačak i VTRZ Moma grated promotion of institutions and overhaul depots of
Stanojlović iz Batajnice, kao i neka preduzeća neposredno Serbian Armed Forces, namely Military Technical Institute
uključenia u relizaciju razvojnih projekta. Takav koncept (MTI), Technical Test Center (TTC), Technical Overhaul
podele prinadležnosti između Jugoimport SDPR i Depots Kragujevac and Čačak, and Military Technical

12
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
Ministarstva odbrane RS je ustanovljen od početka održava- Overhaul Depot Moma Stanojlović from Batajnica, as well
nja ove izložbe i u biti se nešto razlikuje od koncepta nastu- as several companies included in the realization of certain
pa Jugoimport-SDPR-a na stranim izložbama, gde naša kom- development projects. This concept of dividing of compe-
panija nastupa ne samo kao integrator odbrambene indu- tence between Yugoimport-SDPR and the Ministry of
strije Srbije, već i kao zastupnik tih instituta i remontnih Defense of the Republic of Serbia was established on the
zavoda. first PARTNER exhibition. It is somewhat different from
the concept of participation of Yugoiport-SDPR on interna-
Na PARTNERU 2009 učestvovao je nešto veći broj zna- tional fairs abroad where our company acts not only as the
čajnih svetskih proizvođača NVO u odnosu na prethodne integrator of the presentation of Serbian defense industry
manifestacije, uključujući izraelski ELBIT, doajen u elek- but also as the representative of the above mentioned insti-
tronici i informacionim tehnologijama u odbrani, ECI tutes and overhaul depots.
Telecom, THALES, poljska grupacija odbrambene indu-
strije BUMAR i dr. More important international manufacturers of defense
equipment participated on PARTNER 2009 than on earlier
Izložba PARTNER 2009 je za Jugoimort-SDPR predstav- PARTNER exhibitions, including ELBIT from Israel – the
ljala dobru priliku za izvođenje visokointegrisane, kvalitetne doyen in application of electronics and information tech-
i detaljne prezentacije naših ukupnih tehnoloških potenci- nologies in defense, and ECI Telecom, THALES, BUMAR
jala u oblasti odbrambenih tehnologija. - Polish group of defense industry, to name but few.
As for Yugoimport-SDPR, the PARTNER 2009 exhibition
Jugoimport-SDPR nastupio je na štandu površine od 500 represented good opportunity for performing of highly inte-
do 650 m2 unutrašnjeg prostora hale 3 Beogradskog sajma, grated, quality and detailed presentation of our complete
dok je znatno veći prostor na otvorenom rezervisan za pri- technological potentials in the filed of defense technologies.
kaz sredstava krupne tehnike. Štand Jugoimport-SDPR je
bio za sve vreme trajanja izložbe izuzetno posećen od stra- Yugoimport-SDPR had 500 to 650 m2 indoor stand in Hall
ne ino-partnera, vojnostručnih inostranih medija, domaćih 3 of Belgrade Fair, and much larger outdoor exhibition space
medija, predstavnika MO RS, VS i MUP RS, predstavnika was reserved for the display of weapons of big dimensions.
institucija Sisteme odbrane i drugih predstavnika državnih During the exhibition Yugoimport-SDPR stand was excep-
institucija Republike Srbije i zvaničnih delegacija oružanih tionally well attended at all times by numerous foreign part-
snaga ino-partnera – Republike Irak, Alžira, Libije i dr, koji- ners, foreign media specialized in defense, the representa-
ma su bile vršene multimedijalne prezentacije i demonsta- tives of our media, as well as the representatives of MoD of
cije prikazanih sredstava u zatvorenom i otvorenom sajam- the Republic of Serbia, Serbian Armed Forces and Serbian
skom prostoru. Ministry of Interior Affairs, institutions of Defense System
Prilikom otvaranja izložbe, svi prisutni domaći i inostrani and the representatives of other state institutions of the
zvaničnici su značajnu pažnju posvetili zatvorenom i otvo- Republic of Serbia, official delegations of the armed forces
renom sajamskom prostoru Jugoimport-SDPR. Takođe, dana of our foreign partners such as the Republic of Iraq, Algeria,
4. juna obeležen je dan Jugoimport-SDPR na izložbi PART- Libya who were shown multimedia presentations and demon-
NER 2009, kojom prilikom je najširi krug prisutnih zvanica strations of the weapons exhibited at both the indoor and
iz redova gore pomenutih institucija – predstavnika države, the outdoor stands.
Sistema odbrane, ino-partnera i medija kroz neposrednu
prezentaciju sa funkcionalnim i multimedijalnim demon- Domestic and foreign officials that attended formal open-
stracijama bio upoznat sa prikazanim proizvodnim i razvoj- ing of the exhibition paid great attention to both the indoor
nim programima Jugoimport-SDPR i srpske odbrambene and the outdoor stands of Yugoimport-SDPR. At function-
industrije. al and multimedia demonstrations held on June 4, 2009, the

13
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

Srpska odbrambena industrija kao osnovni strateški part- Day of Yugoimport-SDPR on PARTNER 2009 exhibition,
ner Jugoimport-SDPR, prikazala je u vidu pojedinačnih zao- numerous guests - officials of above mentioned institutions
kruženih izložbenih celina sa sopstvenim vizuelnim identi- – representatives of our state, Defense System, foreign part-
tetom, svoje najnovije proizvode iz razvojnih i proizvodnih ners and media, got acquainted with production and devel-
programa. opment programs of Yugoiport-SDPR and Serbian defense
industry.
J ugoimport-SDPR prikazao je na izložbi PARTNER 2009 Serbian defense industry as the basic strategic partner of
neke najznačajnije aktuelne projekte razvoja i proizvodnje Yugoimport-SDPR, showed its latest products from its own
NVO development and production programs at unique exhibition
stands marked by specific visual identity.
1. Oklopno borbeno vozilo LAZAR
2. Samohodna Top-haubica NORA-B/52 155 mm Yugoimport-SDPR showed on PARTNER 2009 some of his
3. Modernizovane haubice 105 mm M-56/33 i M2A1 most important current projects of development and produc-
4. Višenamenski raketni sistem velikog dometa ALAS tion of armaments and defense equipment such as:
5. KIS – komandno-informacioni sistem za OMJ, arti-
ljeiriju i pešadiju 1. LAZAR Armored Fighting Vehicle,
6. Univerzalna optoelektronska multisenzorska stani- 2. NORA-B/52 Self-propelled
ca (TOMS) Artillery Weapon cal. 155 mm,
7. Oružna stanica sa mitraljezom 12.7 mm 3. Upgraded 105 mm howitzers M-56/33 and M2A1,
8. Podvesni kontejner sa mitraljezom 12.7 mm za heli- 4. ALAS Multi-purpose Long-range Missile System,
kopter MI-8/17 i avion LASTA 95 5. CIS – Command Information System for the Army,
9. Podvesni kontejner sa topom 20 mm helikopter MI- Artillery and Infantry,
8/17 6. Universal Optoelectronic
10. Izviđačko-borbeno vozilo KURJAK sa podižućom Multisensor Station (TOMS),
optoelektronskom platformom i oružnom stanicom sa mitra- 7. 12.7 mm Machine Gun Pod,
ljezom 12.7 mm 8. Pod with 12.7 mm Machine Gun for MI-8/17 heli-
11. Teški mitraljez sa integrisamim optoelektronskim copter and LASTA 95 aircraft,
SUV-om sa balističkim računarom ugrađen na vratima heli- 9. Pod with 20 mm Gun for MI-8/17 Helicopter,
kopetra 10. KURJAK Reconnaissance Combat Vehicle with
12. Top 20mm sa sa integrisamim optoelektronskim Lifting Optoelectronic Platform and Weapon Station with
SUV-om sa balističkim računarom namenjen ugradnji na 12.7 mm Machine Gun,
helikopetre, plovne objekte i vozila
13. Artiljerijski SUV
14. Ručni bacači granata RBG07 i BGJ 40
15. Samohodni hibridni PVO sistem na bazi PA topa
20/3 i četvorostrukog lansera Strela 2M
16. Laserski merač daljine
17. Projekat vojnika za 21. vek, koji obuhvata razvoj uni-
forme, balističkog-borbenog prsluka, šlema, podsistema nao-
ružanja na bazi pušaka M77ABX kalibra 7.62 mm NATO i i
M21 kalibra 5.56x45 mm i nišansko-računarsko-komuni-
kacioni podsistem, koji obuhvata dnevni nišan sa TV kame-
rom, noćni nišan, refleksni nišan, laserski daljinomer, poka-
zivač-monitor na šlemu, računar sa softverom pešadijskog
KIS-a, komunikacione setove, podeljen u setove za nivo bor-
ca pešadije i novo komandira.

Posebnu pažnju izazvale su praktično neprekidno izvođe-
ne funkcionalne demonstarcije multisenzorke platforme,
daljinski upravljane borbene stanice, KIS-a, opreme i siste-
ma naoružanja vojnika budućnosti, kao i bišenemenskog
oklopnog vozila LAZAR.
U funkcionalnim demonstracijama projekata vojnika
budućnosti i vozila LAZAR učestvovao je tim pripadnika
Specijalne brigade VS, koji je inače tokom prethodne godi-
ne bio angažovan u funkcionalnim i taktičkim ispitivanjima,
kao i promotivnim aktivnostima vezanim za vozilo LAZAR,
a na osnovu saradnje Jugoimport-SDPR i VS.
Po završenoj izložbi, u stranoj vojnostručnoj litaturi objav-
ljen je niz napisa koji afirmativno govore o izložbi, a pose-
bno o prikazanim razvojnim projektima Jugoimport-SDPR.

14
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
Uvek treba imati u vidu i značajnu ulogu ovakve izložbe 11. Heavy Machine Gun with Integrated Optoelectronic
za budućnost srpske odbrambene industrije, te sistema FCS with Ballistic Computer Installed on Helicopter Door,
odbrane u celini, u smislu edukacije i popularizacije odbram- 12. Gun cal. 20mm with Integrated Optoelectronic FCS
benih tehnologija među mladima, posedno školskom i stu- with Ballistic Computer Installed on Helicopters, Vessels
dentskom populacijom, te i široj javnosti. Ta šira javnost je and Vehicles,
po iskustvu sa do sada održanih izložbi, pokazala veliko inte- 13. Artillery FCS,
resovanje i entuzijazam, za proizvode SOI posebno u smi- 14. Grenade Launchers RBG07 and BGJ 40,
slu njene otvorenosti za medije kakva je još uvek nedovolj- 15. Self-propelled Hybrid AA System based on 20/3 AA
no prisutna. Gun and Strela 2M Quadruple Launcher,
Kada se govori o potencijalnom proširenju sadržaja izlož- 16. Laser Range Finder, and
be, može se pomenuti raspoloživa poligonska infrastruktu- 17. Project "21 Century Soldier" including the devel-
ra u okruženju, a to su pre svega objekti TOC-a u opment of uniform, bulletproof vest, helmet, armament sub-
Kumodražu i Nikincima, kao i strelišta u Bubanj Potoku, system based on rifles M77A BX cal. 7.62 mm NATO and
koja predstavljaju solidnu osnovu za izgradnju savremenih M21 cal.5.56x45 mm, and sighting computer communica-
namenskih kapaciteta za izvođenje kvalitetnih funkcionalnih tion subsystem including day sight with TV camera, night
demonstracija, pre svega pokretljivosti borbenih i neborbe- sight, reflexing light, laser range finder, helmet display mon-
nih vozila i demonstracija bojevih gađanja raznih sistema itor, computer with software for Army CIS, communication
naoružanja, počevši od pešadijskog naoružanja, oruđa kupol- sets, divided into sets for infantry fighter and commander.
ne ugradnje, protivoklopnih raketnih sistema, do sistema
artiljerije. Uvođenje ovih demontracija u program manife- Practically continuous functional demonstrations of mul-
stacije značajno bi se povećao kvalitet i sadržaj kompletne tisensor platform, remotely controlled combat station, CIS,
izložbe. equipment and armament systems of 21 century soldier, and
multi-role armored combat vehicle LAZAR attracted par-
ticular attention of the visitors.
A team of Special Brigade of Serbian Armed Forces par-
ticipated in functional demonstrations of the projects of the
Soldier of the Future and LAZAR vehicle. Last year the same
team was engaged in functional and tactical tests, as well as
in LAZAR promotional activities, all based on cooperation
between Yugoimport-SDPR and Serbian Armed Forces.

After completion of PARTNER 2009, international mili-
tary literature published series of affirmative articles on the
exhibition and particularly on the development projects of
Yugoimport-SDPR.
One should always bear in mind important role of such an
exhibition for the future of Serbian defense industry and its
complete defense system in education and popularization of
defense technologies both among young people, particular-
ly among pupils and students, and among wider public.
Judging from the experience gained from so far completed
exhibitions, this wider public has shown much interest and
enthusiasm for the products of Serbian defense industry
particularly as far as its openness towards media is concerned
which is not sufficient yet.

When speaking of potential widening of the content of the
exhibition, one may mention available test facilities in the
vicinity of Belgrade such as the facilities of the Technical
Test Center in Kumodraž and Nikinci, as well as shooting
ranges in Bubanj Potok which represent solid basis for build-
ing of sophisticated special capacities intended for carrying
out of high quality functional demonstrations of maneuver-
ability of combat and non-combat vehicles, and demonstra-
tion of live firings with different kinds of armaments rang-
ing from infantry armament, armament intended for turret
installation, armor-piercing missile systems, and artillery
systems. Introduction of live demonstrations into the pro-
gram of PARTNER exhibition may substantially increase
the quality and the contents of the exhibition.

15
pOVEĆANJE INcREASE IN THE
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

OBIMA ScOpE OF
pOSLOVANJA NA BUSINESS ON THE
SVETSKOM WORLD DEFENSE
TRŽIŠTU ODBRANE MARKET IN 2009
U 2009. GODINI

Piše By
AleksandarLijaković AleksandarLijaković

U godini u kojoj je proslavio 60-godišnjicu uspešnog poslo- This year when celebrating the sixtieth anniversary of suc-
vanja, Jugoimport-SDPR je nastavio sa realizacijom usta- cessful business operations, Yugoimport-SDPR has con-
novljene strategije intenzivnog prisustva na svetskom trži- tinued even more expressly with the realization of the estab-
štu NVO, i to na svojim osnovnim ciljnim tržištima – pre sve- lished strategy of intensive presence on the global market of
ga tržištu Bliskog Istoka, Severne Afrike, Južne i Jugoistočne defense equipment, particularly on its target markets such
Azije, Podsaharske Afrike i Latinske Amerike. as the Near East, North Africa, South and South East Asia,
Sub-Sahara Africa and Latin America.
OSNOVNE MARKETINŠKE I RAZVOJNE AKTIV-
NOSTI I NJIHOV UTIcAJ NA pOVEĆANJE OBI- BASIc MARKETING AND DEVELOpMENT
MA pOSLOVANJA JUGOIMpORT-SDpR AcTIVITIES AND THEIR EFFEcT ON THE
INcREASE OF OVERAL BUSINESS OF YUGOIM-
Postignuti rezultati u porastu ugovaranja, što se posbno pORT-SDpR
odnosi na kapitalne borbene sisteme, na šta smo posebno
ponosni, doneli su dodatni podsticaj ulaganjima u intenzi- The results achieved in the increase of contracting par-
viranje marketinških i razvojnih aktivnosti. Te aktivnosti, ticularly as far as capital weapon systems are concerned of
iako različite po svojoj prirodi, u smislu uticaja na ukupno which we are especially proud, have additionally stimulated
povećanje obima poslovanja Jugoimport-SDPR na svetskom investment in intensified marketing and development activ-
tržištu su funkcionalno povezane, pa se ovde i navode u tom ities. Although different in nature, these activities functionally
smislu. influence on the total scope of business activities of
Od čisto marketinških aktivnosti najuočljiviji su nastupi Yugoimport-SDPR and that is the reason why we mention
na međunarodnim izložbama NVO kojima se pokrivaju sva them.
ciljna tržišta, odnosno svi značajni regioni, a uz primetno
povećanje ulaganja u efektnost nastupa, pre svega kroz pove- The most visible marketing activities are participations in
ćanje ulaganja u arhitektonsko - multimedijalna rešenja the international armaments and defense exhibitions cov-
sajamskog prostora. ering all target markets of Yugoimport-SDPR, namely all
Pojačanje prisustva na svetskom tržištu NVO posredno important regions. Noticeable is the increase of investments
se postiže upravo i ulaganjem u razvojne projekte komple- in efficient presentation by investing in architectural and
ksnih sredstava NVO konceptom prilagođene projektovanim multimedia solutions of our exhibition stands.
potrebama osnovnih kategorija ino-partnera Jugoimport-
SDPR, te ulaganjem u organizaciju funkcionalnih demon- Increased presence at the global market of armaments and
stracija i prezentacija konkretnih razvojnih projekata defense equipment is indirectly achieved by investment in
Jugoimport-SDPR, VTI VS ili odbrambene industrije. the programs of development of complex armaments and
Prilikom tih prikaza uvek je prisutno naglašavanje moguć- defense equipment which are conceptually adjusted to the
nosti korigovanja osnovnih razvojnih zahteva i konceptual- projected requirements of the basic categories of foreign
nih i tehničkih karakteristika određenih sredstva u zavisno- partners of Yugoimport-SDPR, as well as by investment in
sti od konkrethih potreba kupca. U organizaciji prikaza i organizing of functional demonstrations and presentations
demonstracija mora se posebno naglasiti visok nivo koordi- of particular development projects of Yugoimport-SDPR,
nacije i saradnje između Jugoimport-SDPR i instiutucija Military Technical Institute of the Serbian Armed Forces
MO, kao što su TOC, VTI, remontni zavodi, and defense industry.

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AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
kao i preduzeća srpske odbrambene In those presentations we always
industrije. stress the possibilities of correction
Ove godine organizovano je više of initial development requests and
kompleksnih prezentacija razvojnih conceptual and technical character-
projekata, kao i drugih sredstva iz istics of certain weapons depending
ponude, a u okviru visednevnih , te i on particular needs of the buyer. We
visenedeljnih poseta delegacija ino- must point out high level of coordi-
partnera, koje su obuhvatile velike nation and cooperation in organiz-
multidisciplinarne timove stručnja- ing of the presentations and demon-
ka i visokih predstavnika MO i OS strations between Yugoimport-
partnera, što je ističemo sa poseb- SDPR and the institutions of the
nimn zadovoljstvom upravo rezul- Ministry of Defense such as the
tovalo potpisivanjem novih složenih Technical Test Center, Military
ugovora o prodaji složenih borbenih Technical Institute, overhaul depots
sistema. and other companies of the Serbian
Na ovom mestu se mora naglasiti defense industry.
da u okviru kompleksnih aktivnosti In 2009 many complex presentations
na plasmanu kapitalnih projekta raz- of the development projects and oth-
voja složenih bporbenih sistema kon- er equipment from our general offer
krtetnim ino-partnerima Jugoimport- were organized for the delegations
SDPR uživa značajnu podršku naj- of our foreign partners. Those pre-
viših državnih organa Republike sentations lasted from several days
Srbije, posebno MO. to several weeks, and were held for
major multidisciplinary teams of
NApORI I DOpRINOS U experts and high ranked officials of
TRŽIŠNOM pLASMANU the ministries of defense and
pROIZVODA I defense forces of our partners. It is
TEHNOLOGIJA our exceptional pleasure to point out
ODBRAMBENE INDUSTRIJE that our efforts resulted in signing
of new contracts for sale of complex
Tržišni plasman proizvoda i trans- combat systems.
fer tehnologija srpske odbrambene industrije predstavlja Allow us to emphasize exceptional support Yugoimport-
osnovnu poslovnu misiju Jugoimport-SDPR koju marketin- SDPR gets from the highest officials of the Republic of
ški opisujemo kao misiju integrišuće snage srpske odbram- Serbia, and especially of the Ministry of Defense, in com-
bene industrije. plicated activities on sale of capital projects of development
of complex combat systems to particular foreign partners.

17
EFFORTS AND cONTRIBUTIONS IN
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

Srpsku odbrambenu industriju karakteriše širok asorti- MARKETING OF pRODUcTS AND TEcHNOLO-
man proizvoda, pre svega u domenu streljačkog naoružanja, GIES OF THE SERBIAN DEFENSE INDUSTRY
oruđa srednjeg kalibra kupolne ugradnje, minobacača i muni-
cije, uključujući streljačku municiju, municiju za topove
srednjheg kalibra, municiju za mionobacače, tenkovsku Marketing of products and transfer of technologies of the
municiju i artiljerijsku municiju, u kojem su zastuplejni i Serbian defense industry represent the basic business mis-
Zapadni i Ruski kalibri i standardi. Značaj dajemo osno- sion of Yugoimport-SDPR which we describe as the "inte-
vnim komparativnim prednostima proizvoda i tehnologija grating force" of the Serbian Defense Industry. The Serbian
naše odbrambene industrije, a to su, pre svega, visoka pouz- defense industry has broad range of products in small arms,
danost tehničkih rešenja i potpuno vladanje svim tehnolo- medium caliber weapons for integration into the turrets,
gijama i tehnološkim procesima razvoja i proizvodnje poje- mortars and ammunition including small arms ammunition,
dinih komponenta i međuproizvoda kao i repromaterijala. medium caliber gun ammunition, mortar shells, tank
Ovakav pristup, a uz evidentne mogućnosti našeg osnovnog grenades and other artillery ammunition of both Western
strateškog partrnera-odbrambene industrije Srbije, uvek and Russian calibers and standards. We have always insist-
ima izgleda za uspeh i ostvarivanje novih, poslovno značaj- ed on basic comparative advantages of the products and tech-
nih ugovora, čijom se relizacijom, između ostalog, utiče i na nologies of our defense industry.
očuvanje kadra, znanja i vitalnih tehnologija. These advantages encompass high safety of the techni-
Početna osnova za realizaciju ovakvih poslova jeste uspo- cal solutions and complete knowledge of all technologies and
stavljanje novih kontakata sa najvišim predstvanicima odgo- technology processes of the development and production of
varajućih institucija MO i OS partnera, odnsono obnavlja- the components. Such approach, together with obvious pos-
nje kontakata sa tradicionalnim partnerima, što se posle- sibilities of our basic strategic partner – the Serbian defense
dnjih godina realizuje često u saradnji, odnosno u vidu zajed- industry, has always had and will always have chances for
ničkoh nastupa i zajedničkoj organizaciji zvaničnih poseta, success and fulfillment of new and important business con-
sa MO Republike Srbije. U daljoj organizaciji i produbljiva- tracts the realization of which has direct influence preserv-
nju saradnje Jugoimport-SDPR, saglasno uobičajenoj pra- ing of our own skilled manpower, knowledge and vital tech-
ksi, preuzima punu inicijativu u organizaciji konkretnih pre- nologies.
zentacija, pregovora, dinaničkih prikaza u zemlji partnera ili
u Srbiji. The initial basis for the realization of such business
Oblasti ovakve saradnje obuhvataju i kompleksne modali- arrangements is establishment of new contacts with highly
tete, uključujući i projekte kompletnog transfera tehnologi- ranked officials of appropriate institutions of the ministries
ja za proizvodnju i remont sredstava NVO, složene projek- of defense and defense forces of our partners, and renewal
te remonta sredstva NVO, tehničku pomoć, inženjering pro- of contacts with our traditional partners which has been fre-
jekte iz oblasti odbrambene i opšte infrastrukture, u kojima quently done in cooperation with the Ministry of Defense of
Jugoimport-SDPR i u ovoj, 2009. godini, zabeležio značaj- the Republic of Serbia in past several years, in our joint mar-
ne uspehe. keting activities and joint organization of official visits.

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AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
U tom smislu treba naglasiti i realizovana ulaganja Following the usual practice in enforcement of cooperation
Jugoimport-SDPR u smislu revitalizacije pojedinih tehnol- with foreign partners, Yugoimport-SDPR resumes full ini-
ških celina, te i kompletnih kapaciteta pojedinih preduze- tiative in organizing presentations, negotiations, dynamic
ća odbrambene industrije vitalnih za realizaciju konktretnih demonstrations in the country of the partner or in Serbia.
ugovora, te i tržišno izvesno perspektivnih proizvodnih pro-
grama. The fields of such cooperation encompass complex modal-
ities, including the projects of complete transfer of tech-
JUGOIMpORT - SDpR U ORGANIZAcIJI KOM- nologies for the production and overhaul of armaments and
pLEKSNIH FUNKcIONALNIH DEMONSTRAcIJA defense equipment, complex projects of overhaul of arma-
U ZEMLJI pARTNERA I pOLIGONIMA U SRBIJI ments and defense equipment, technical support, as well as
engineering in defense and civil infrastructure – the field in
U okviru kompleksnih aktivnosti vezanih za tržišni pla- which Yugoimport-SDPR made substantial results in 2009.
sman složenih borbenih sistema i transfer odbrambenih teh-
nologija, izdvaja se kaoposebno složena i osetljiva (u smislu One should also emphasize the size of the investments
visokog rizika za realizaciju, skopčanog sa nozom predvidi- Yugoimport-SDPR made in revitalization of certain tech-
vih i teško predvidivih prepreka) aktivnost Jugoimport-SDPR nological processes and complex capacities of some Serbian
koja se sastoji u organizaciji prikaza, tj. kompleksnih funk- defense industry companies of vital importance for the real-
cionalnih demonstacija sa bojnim gađanjem u zemlji part- ization of particular contracts and promising production pro-
nera u/ili na poligionima u Srbiji. grams.

Ove se aktivnosti organizuju u neposrednoj saradnji pred- YUGOIMpORT-SDpR AND ORGANIZATION OF
stvnika Jugoimport-SDPR i predstvanika institucija i usta- cOMpLEX FUNcTIONAL DEMONSTRATIONS
nova MO i srpske odbrambene industrije sa stručnim timo- IN THE cOUNTRIES OF pROSpEcTIVE
vima OS partnera. Uspešnom realizacijom tih aktivnosti pARTNERS AND ON TEST RANGES IN SERBIA
potvrđuje se kvalitet sredstava iz ponude i proizvodnje, što
u konkretnim slučajevima direktno doprinosi potpisivanju Amongst elaborate activities connected to the marketing
ugovora, odnosno doprinosi uspešnoj realizaciji postojećih of complex combat systems and transfer of defense tech-
ugovora, bilo kada se radi o prodaji proizvoda i tehnologija nologies, the activity of Yugoimport-SDPR on organizing of
srpske odbrambene industrije, bilo kada se radi o projekti- complicated functional demonstrations with live firing in
ma razvoja i proizvodnje složenih borbenih sistema u orga- the country of the partner and/or on the test ranges in Serbia
nizaciji Jugoimport-SDPR u misiji Sistem integratora. stands out as exceptionally difficult and sensitive particu-
larly from the aspect of high risks involving a number of pre-
JUGOIMpORT SDpR NA MEĐUNARODNIM dictable and hardly predictable obstacles.
IZLOžBAMA ODBRANE These activities are organized in direct cooperation of
Yugoimport-SDPR, the representatives of the institutions
Međunarodne izložbe NVO ili kako se one danas naziva- and institutes of the Ministry of Defense and the Serbian
ju u svetu – međunarodne izložbe odbrane, odnosno, defense industry with the teams of experts of the defense
odbrambenih tehnologija, predstavljaju jedan od najznačaj- forces of our partners. Successful completion of these activ-
nijh vidova ostvarivanja kontinualnog prisustva na svetskom ities confirms the quality of the weapons included in our
tržištu. offer and our production, and directly affect signing of con-
tracts; namely, it contributes to successful fulfillment of the
Poslednjih desetak godina postoji uočljiv trend povećanja existing contracts for sale of the products and technologies
broja međunarodnih izložbi NVO, što za proizvođače NVO of the Serbian defense industry, or projects of development
u principu usložnjava izbor izložbi na kojima je potrebno and production of capital weapon systems organized by
učestvovati u cilju što ravnomernijeg i efikasnijeg pokriva- Yugoimport-SDPR as the System Integrator.
nja tržišta, te dovodi i do neminovnog povećanja promotiv-
nih troškova. YUGOIMpORT –SDpR ON INTERNATIONAL
DEFENSE EXHIBITIONS
Jugoimport-SDPR je ustanovio strategiju prisustva na dve
globalne izložbe (globalne po konceptu, imajući u vidu broj International exhibitions of armaments and defense equip-
učesnika i broj i sastav zvaničnih delegacija, koje na njima ment or, as they are called throughout the world nowadays
učestvuju, kao broj posetilaca koji na njima učestvuju) – – International Defense Exhibitions, namely the exhibitions
EUROSATORY (Pariz) i DSEI (London). Takođe, ostva- of defense technologies, represent one of the most impor-
ruje se prisustvo na regionalno – globalnoj izložbi IDEX (Abu tant aspects of continuous presence on the global market.
Dabi–UAE), zatim na regionalnim izložbama DSA The trend of the increase of the number of international
(Malezija), DEFEXPO (Indija), LAAD (Brazil), SOFEX defense exhibitions has been visible on the global market in
(Jordan), kao i povremeno prisustvo na izložbi DEFENCE past 10 years or so. This only complicates the decision as to
ASIA (Tajland) i ASIAN AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE the selection of the exhibitions in which one should partic-
(Singapur). ipate in order to accomplish even and more efficient cover-
age of the market, and inevitably increases the promotional
costs.

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AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

Ove 2009. godine, prvi put je ostvareno učešće na izložbi Yugoimport-SDPR has established the strategy of being
SITDEF koja se održava u Peruu. Izložbe SITDEF, SOFEX, present on two exhibitions of global importance (global from
DEFEXPO i donekle DSA imaju naglašen pre svega nacio- the aspect of the number of participants, number and com-
nalni karakter. Naime, značaj pojedinih zemalja na tržištu position of official delegations attending the exhibitions, as
kao pojedinačnih kupaca postaje sve veći u uslovima enorm- well as the number of visitors). Those are EUROSATORY
no pojačane međunarodne konkurencije, tako da se u cilju (Paris) and DSEI (London). Yugoimport-SDPR also par-
očuvanja prisustva na tržištu ovih zemalja praktično mora ticipates in the exhibitions of regional and global importance
učestvovati ukoliko se želi opstati na njima. such as IDEX (Abu Dhabi – UAE), as well as the exhibitions
Svetske izložbe NVO karakteriše, kako je napomenuto, of regional importance such as DSA (Malaysia), DEFEXPO
trend povećanja izložbenog prostora, kao i grupisanja kom- (India), LAAD (Brazil) and SOFEX (Jordan). Periodically
panija iz vodećih zemalja u svetu, te iz zemalja sa narasta- Yugoimport-SDPR participates in the exhibitions DEFENCE
jućim tržišnim ambicijama u prometu NVO u takozvane ASIA (Thailand) and ASIAN AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE
nacionalne paviljone. Osim ovoga, uočljiv je trend ostvariva- (Singapore).
nja nastupa na sajamskom prostoru, uređivanjem prostora In 2009 Yugoimport-SDPR participated in the exhibition
korišćenjem monumentalnih arhitektoskih rešenja, a uz mul- SITDEF in Peru for the first time. To some extent, the exhi-
timedijalne prezentacije i grafički dizajn, koji je češće uoč- bitions SITDEF, SOFEX, DEFEXPO and DSA have empha-
ljiviji od samih eksponata–sredstava NVO. sized national character. Namely, in the conditions of fear-
Jugoimport-SDPR nastupa uvek u svojstvu integratora some international competition the importance of certain
marketinških napora srpske odbrambene industrije, kao i u countries as specific buyers is increasing; therefore, one
svojstvu Sistem integratora, sa naglašenim obeležjima should participate in the exhibitions organized in those coun-
Republike Srbije na štandovima površine do 60 m2 čime se tries in order to maintain the presence on their markets.
svrstava u srednje izlagače. Osim klasične postavke, na svet- The tendency towards enlargement of exhibition space is
skim izložbama se sve više uočava trend prikazuvanja sred- visible at the global exhibitions of armaments and defense
stava, tzv. krupne tehnike, i to kako u zatvorenom, tako i na equipment, as well as the trend of grouping of the compa-
otvorenom sajamskom prostoru. nies from the leading countries of the world and grouping
Osnovu naše ponude čini streljačko, pešadisjko, protivo- of those companies from the countries with growing mar-
klopno naoružanje i odgovarajuća minicija, sredstva vatrene keting ambitions in sale of defense equipment in the so called
podrške, borbena i neborbena vozila, programi moderniza- national pavilions. Also, there is a trend of using massive
cije sistema PVO i borbenih vozila, modernizacija vazduho- architectural structures and solutions when arranging the
plova i vazduhoplovnog naoružanja, opto-elektronski siste- exhibiting space on the fairs, as well as the use of multime-
mi, sistemi C4I, lična zaštitna oprema, sredstva ABHO zašti- dia presentations and graphic design which is frequently
te, komponente vazduhoplovne industrije, sredstva za elek- more visible than the exhibits themselves. Besides classical
tronsko ratovanje i drugo. arrangements of the stands, global exhibitions tend to include
Programi pratećih manifestacija i funkcionalnih demon- displaying of the weapons and the so called big size techni-
stracija nemaju podjednak tretman od pojednih organizato- cal equipment both in the indoor and in the outdoor exhi-
ra izložbi NVO. To se posebno odnosi na funkcionalne bition space.
demonstracije poktretljivosti borbenih i neborbenih vozila i Yugoimport-SDPR participates in the exhibitions as the
demonstracije sredstava naoružanja bojevim gađanjem; na integrator of marketing efforts of the Serbian defense indus-
primer izložbe IDEX je do skora karakterisalo značajno ula- try, as well as the System Integrator, with the emphasis on
ganje prikaza bojevih gađanja, što je na poslednjim izložba- national symbols of the Republic of Serbia, at stands of up
ma svedeno samo na skromno gađanje iz streljačkog naoru- to 60 m2, thus classifying in the group of medium exhibitors.
žanja. Funkcionalne demonstracije pokretljivosti na ovoj Our basic offer includes small arms, infantry, anti-armor
izložbi su vrlo upečatljive, dok na primer potpuno izostaju, weapons and relevant ammunition, fire support weapons,
kao i bojevo gađanje, na izložbi DSEI – po broju učesnika, combat and non-combat vehicles, programs of moderniza-
najvećoj izložbi, koja se održava u Londonu. tion of AA systems and combat vehicles, aircraft and aircraft
Arhitektonsko rešenje štanda Jugoimport-SDPR je posle- armament modernization, optoelectronic systems, C4I sys-
dnjih godina transformisano od najednostavnijih sajamskih tems, personal protection equipment, NBC protection equip-
rešenja modularne sajamske konstrukcije do rešenja štan- ment, aircraft industry component parts, electronic warfare
dova savreme arhitekture, koje ne zaostaje za rešenjima vode- equipment, etc.
ćih svetskih proizvođača (SAD, Zapana Evropa, Izrael, The supporting programs and programs of functional
Rusija), a izrazito su savremenija od štandova kompanija, te demonstrations do not have equal treatment with all orga-
nacionalnih paviljona zemalja iz okruženja, zemalja Istočne nizers of the exhibitions of armaments and defense equip-
Evrope, te i drugih konkurentskih kompanija iz zemalja u ment. This particularly refers to functional demonstrations
razvoju. of mobility of combat and non-combat vehicles and live fir-
Jugoimport-SDPR je multimedijalne prezentacije reali- ing demonstrations. For instance, until recently the IDEX
zovao, pre svega u vidu osnovnog promotivnog filma, dok exhibition had substantial investment in live firing demon-
grafički dizajn nastupa podrazumeva prikaz kapitalnih sred- strations, but on the last exhibition live firing was reduced
stava NVO, koja se zbog racionalizacije troškova ne mogu to modest demonstration of small arms. Mobility function-
prikazati uživo. Krupna sredstva ratne tehnike iz razvojnih al demonstrations held on this exhibition are very impres-
i proizvodnih programa, koja se zbog nephodnosti raciona- sive. However, these demonstrations are not organized on
lizacije troškova ne mogu prikazati na izložbama u vidu DSEI exhibition which is, judging from the number of par-
eksponata, prikazuju se i u vidu modela – maketa . ticipants, the biggest exhibition held in London.

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AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
Ostvareni poslovni kontakti i potpisani novi ugovori sa pred- Architectural structure of Yugoimport-SDPR stand has
stavnicima ino-partnera iz raznih regiona inicirali su ostvari- been transformed in past several years, from simple fair solu-
vanje učešća na izložbana NVO, sa posebno definisanim ciljem tions made of modular exhibition constructions towards
potvrde spremnosti našeg Javnog preduzeća za ulaganje u more sophisticated architectural solutions which do not fall
dugoročnu saradnju i prilkazivanja mogućnosti Jugoimport- behind the designs of the leading world manufacturers (USA,
SDPR-a kao integratora srpske odbrambene industrije i sistem West Europe, Israel, Russia), and are far more up-to-date
integratora pred predstavnicima ministarstava odbrane, oru- compared to other company stands and national pavilions of
žanih snaga i državnih institucija sistema odbrane zemalja our neighboring countries, East Europe countries and oth-
ino-partnera, bilo da seradi opredstavnicim azemlje domaći- er competition companies from developing countries.
na određene izložbe NVO, bilo da se radi o predstavnicima Yugoimport-SDPR made multimedia presentations in the
ino-partnera iz drugih zemalja iz Regiona. form of basic promotional films, while the graphic design of
Učešćem na 5 međunarodnih izložbi NBO, kao i organiza- the exhibition includes posters of capital weapon systems
cijom izložbe PARTNER 2009 u beogradu, Jugoimport-SDPR which cannot be displayed on the exhibitions as exhibits due
ostvario je ove godine, u kojoj je proslavio 60-godišnjicu poslo- to the rationalization of exhibition costs. Capital weapon sys-
vanja, svojevrsni kvanitativni, ali i kvantitativni rekord u pogle- tems included in our development and production programs
du ovog tipa prisustva na tržištu NVO. Kontakti ostvareni uče- are shown as models.
šćem na dve izrazito nacionalne izložbe – izložbi SITDEF
održanoj u Limi, Peru maja meseca, kao i Defence and Business contacts made on previous fairs and exhibitions,
Sequrity, održanoj u Novembru, upravo su dobri primeri nave- and contracts signed with foreign partners from different
dene poslovne strategije. To je posebno značajno kada se ima regions of the world, have initiated our further participation
u vidu mali broj kapitalnih proizvođača NVO koji su ostvarili in defense exhibitions the purpose thereof being reconfir-
učešće na navedenim izložbama. mation and expressing readiness of Yugoimport-SDPR to
Sa druge strane,učešćem na velikim, prestižnim globalnim invest in long-term cooperation, as well as showing the pos-
izložbama, IDEX 2009, koja je održana u Abu dabiju UAE, sibilities of Yugoimport-SDPR as the integrator of Serbian
februara meseca i DSEi , održanoj u Septembu ove godine, defense industry and the system integrator, to the repre-
kao i regionalnoj izložbi LAAD , održanoju Rio de Žaneiru , sentatives of ministries of defense, defense forces and state
Brazil, aprila meseca, ostvaren je kontinuitet prisustva na glo- institutions of the defense systems of the countries of our
balnom tržištu, što je rezultovalo, osim zapaženim prisustvom foreign partners, them being either from the countries host-
u stručnoj literaturi, ostavrivanjem brojnih značajnih konta- ing the exhibitions or the representatives of foreign partners
kata i kontinuitetomranije ostvarenih konatakata sa brojnim from other countries of particular region.
ino-partnerima.

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AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

Iz godine u godinu, sve je zapaženija integracija našeg pre- Yugoimport-SDPR has made the record in the quantity
duzeća u globalmo «društvo odbrane», odnosno proizvođa- and quality of his presence on the defense market by par-
ča i kupaca sredstava NVO i predstavnika odbrambeno indu- ticipating in five international defense exhibitions, as well
strijskih medija, sa kojima su tokom godina ostvareni broj- as by taking part in organization of PARTNER 2009 exhibi-
ni bliski poslovni i prijateljski kontakti. Nasi vodeći proiz- tion in Belgrade in the year when we celebrate 60-th anniver-
vodi, razvojni projekti i tehnologije sve su poznatije i pri- sary of successful business activities. The contacts made
sutnije u svetskim odbrambenoindustrijskim medijima. during participation of Yugoimport-SDPR in two national
Sve je veći broj novih posetilaca nasih sajamskih prostora exhibitions – SITDEF in Lima (Peru) last May, and Defense
- potencijalnih novih poslovnih partnera i kupaca koji dola- and Security last November, represent good example the
ze sa jasnom unapred stecenom slikom o potencijalnoij ponu- above mentioned business strategy. This is particularly
di Jugoimpport-SDPR,uvereni u ozbiljnost Jugoimport-SDPR important when having in mind relatively small number of
kao partnera. capital manufacturers of defense equipment who partici-
Sve to doprinosi stvaranju jedne kvalitetne slike o našem pated in the above mentioned exhibitions. On the other hand,
preduzeću, odbrambenoj industriji Republike Srbije, te i participation in major and prestigious exhibitions such as
našoj zemlji u celini, što, svakkao doprinosi doprinosi indi- IDEX 2009 held in Abu Dhabi (UAE) last February, and
rektno povećanju obima poslovanja, a direktno doprinosi DSEi held last September, as well as participation in the
medijskom okruženju poslovanja Jugoimport-SDPR i srpske regional exhibition LAAD in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) last April,
odbrambene industrije, tj. takozvanom spoljašnjem mar- provided for continuity of our presence on the global mar-
ketingu Jugoimport-SDPR. ket which, apart from noticeable presentations in defense
Prikazivanjem sve složenijih borbenih sistema iz oblasti literature and media, also resulted in making of numerous
borbenih vozila, artiljerije, sistema za upravljanje vatrom, important contacts and preserving the contact earlier made
optoelektronike, sistema vođenih raketa, iz razvojnih pro- with many foreign business partners.
grama Jugoimport-SDPR, ali i kompletne ponude odbram- Year after year, our company has been gaining in impor-
bene industrije, predstavnici MO, OS državnih institucija, tance integrated in the global "defense society", namely the
konkurentskih kompanija, medija, konsultantskih kuća i dr. society of manufacturers and buyers of defense equipment
stiču predstavu o našoj kući kao ozbiljnom i pouzdanom and the representatives of defense industry media with whom
partneru, sposobnom za realizaciju najsloženijih projekata we have achieved numerous close business and friendly rela-
iz oblasti odbrambenih tehnologija. tions. Our leading products, development projects and tech-
nologies are becoming more and more known and present

22
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
To posebno važi za složene ratzvojen projekte dovedene in the global defense industry media. The number of the
do nivoa funkcionalnih modela, ali i protitipa i serijske proiz- visitors to our exhibition stands – potentially new business
voenje poslednjih godina. Prikazom takvih projekata posre- partners and buyers coming with clear vision and knowledge
dno se utiče na povećanje obima prodaje klasičnijih i tradi- on potential offering of Yugoimport-SDPR, confident of the
cionalnijih sredstava i tehnologija iz naše ponude, jer se uka- seriousness of Yugoimport-SDPR as their business partner,
zivanjem na vrhunske rezultate u praćenju najnovijih tren- has also increased.
dova razvoja sredstva NVO i tehnologija posredno ukazuje This all contributes to creating of good impression about
na neosporni kvalitet sredstva koja se dugo nalaze u ponu- our company, defense industry of the Republic of Serbia and
di. our country as whole, indirectly adding up to the increase of
the scope of our overall business, and directly building up
Kontaktima ostvatrenim na takvim izložbama značajno se the image of the Yugoimport-SDPR business activities in
doprinosi kontunuitetu odnosa sa predstavnicima MO i OS media, as well as of the business of the Serbian defense
zemalja sakojima inačepostoji dugogodišnja saradnja, te se industry - the so called external marketing of Yugoiport-
posredno doprinosi i ralizaciji poslova koji se ugovaraju bez SDPR.
direktne veze sa konaktima ostvarenim na izložbama. Naime, Presentation of capital weapon systems of combat vehi-
zadovoljsvto je videti izraze zadovoljstva na licima dugogo- cles, artillery, fire control systems, optoelectronics and guid-
dišnjih partmera Jugoimport-SDPR. Predstavnika i visokih ed missile systems included in the development programs
fukncioera oružanih snaga i MO zemalja partnera, kada na of Yugoimport-SDPR, as well as showing of complete offer
nekoj od aktuelčnih izložbi posete neki od naših sajamskoh of our defense industry to the representatives of ministries
prostora impresionirani ukupnim multimedijalnim utiskom of defense, armed forces and state institutions, competition
koji u posetiocu izaziva izgled prostora, koji ne zaostaje za companies, media, consultancy offices and others, add up
prostorom vodećih svetskih proizvođača NVO. to the image of our company as serious and reliable partner
capable to fulfill the most complex pro-
jects in the field of defense technologies.
This may particularly imply to complex
development programs brought to the
level of functional models, prototypes and
serial production in the past several years.
The demonstration of these projects
indirectly affects the increase of the scope
of sale of classical and traditional
weapons and technologies contained in
our offer, because pointing to the excep-
tional results achieved by following of the
latest trends of the development of
defense equipment and technologies
indirectly underlines undisputable qual-
ity of the weapons that have been in our
offer for a long time.

Contacts made at the exhibitions sub-
stantially contribute to our continuous
relations with the representatives of the
ministries of defense and the defense
forces of the countries with which we
have established long-term cooperation,
and indirectly add up to the realization
of business deals contracted without
direct relation with the contacts made on
the exhibitions. Namely, it is pleasing to
recognize the expressions of satisfaction
on the faces of our long-term partners,
the representatives and highly ranked
officials of the defense forces and min-
istries of defense of the countries of our
business partners, and realizing that they
are impressed by overall multimedia
impression on the exhibition stand of
Yugoimport-SDPR which does not fall
behind the stands of the leading global
manufacturers of defense equipment.

23
"ODLUČAN "RESOLUTE
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

ODGOVOR 2009" RESpONSE 2009"

Piše By
AleksandarLijaković AleksandarLijaković

Z družena taktička vežba sa bojnim gađanjem «Odlučan Joint Tactical Exercise “Resolute Response 2009" with live
odgovor 2009» izvedena je u Dana 07. oktobra 2009. godine firing was conducted at Pester Plain on October 7, 2009. The
na Pešterskoj visoravni, dok su kompletni procesi pripreme process of preparation and realization of this exercise was
i realizacije obavljeni u periodu od 25. septembra do 11. completed in the period from September 25 thru October
oktobra. 11, 2009.

Vežbi «Odlučan odgovor 2009», koja je ocenjena kao izuze- The "Resolute Response 2009" exercise, ranked as excep-
tno značajna za sistem odbrane Republike Srbije, prisustvo- tionally important for the defence system of the Republic of
vali su predstavnici najužeg državnog rukovodstva, sistema Serbia, was attended by the representatives of the highest
odbrane i drugi gosti, među kojima su predsednik Republike state management, defence system and other esteemed
Srbije Boris Tadić, zamenik predsednika Vlade Republike guests, among them being the President of Serbia Boris
Srbije i ministar unutrašnjih poslova Ivica Dačić, ministar Tadić, the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior
odbrane Dragan Šutanovac, ministar rada i socijalne politike Affairs Ivica Dačić, the Minister of Defence Dragan Šutanovac,
Rasim Ljajić, ministar bez portfelja Sulejman Ugljanin, načel- the Minister of Labor and Social Policy Rasim Ljajić, the
nik GŠ VS general-potpukovnik Miloje Miletić, načelnik Šta- Minister without Portfolio Sulejman Ugljanin, CHOD LTG
ba Vojske Crne Gore general-major Dragan Milosavljević, Miloje Miletić, CHOD of Montenegro major general Dragan
načelnik Združenog generalštaba OS BiH general-pukovnik Milosavljević, B&H CHOD Colonel General Miladin Milojčić,
Miladin Milojčić, izaslanik načelnika GŠ OS Republike Turske envoy of the Turkish CHOD Brig.Gen. Shenol Alparslan,
brigadni general Šenol Alparslan, članovi Odbora za odbra- members of the Council for Security and Defence of the

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AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
nu i bezbednost Skupštine Republike Republic of Serbia, attendants of the
Srbije, polaznici Škole nacionalne odbra- School of National Defence, represen-
ne Vojne akademije, predstavnici lokal- tatives of local self-governments of West
nih samouprava iz opština zapadne Serbia municipalities, representatives of
Srbije, predstavnici vojnodipomatskog military diplomatic corps and others.
kora i ostali gosti. More than 1200 members of the army
U ovoj vežbi, koja je po obimu anga- and the police participated in this exer-
žovnog ljudstva i tehnike svakako naj- cise which by far represents the most
značajnija u poslednjih desetak godina, important exercise conducted in our
učestvovalo je preko 1200 pripadnika oru- country in past ten years. The exercise
žanih snaga Vojske Srbije, kao i pripad- was conducted in exquisite natural ambi-
nici MUP-a Republike Srbije Vežba je ent of Pester Plain with its slight slopes
realizovana u izvanrednom prirodnom covered with stone, grass and pastures,
ambijentu pešterske Visoravni, u uslovi- at the altitude of 1100 to 1500 m above
ma blago brdovitog zemljišta - kameno- the sea level. Such environment offered
travnatih goleti i pašnjaka na nadmorskoj exceptional possibilities for observation
visini od približno 1100 do 1500 m, koji of the exercise, and clear insight into the
su brojnim prisutnim posmatračima pru- demonstrations of combat activities of
žili izvanredne mogućnosti za posma- tanks, infantry combat vehicles, combat
tranje i veoma jasan uvid u demonstra- and transport helicopters, fighter-
cije borbenih dejstava tenkova, borbenih bomber aircrafts, artillery and special
vozila pešadije, borbenih i transportnih forces supported by helicopters, and
helikoptera, lovačko-bombarderskih avio- light combat vehicles. The exercise
na, artiljerije i specijalnih jedinica podr- space was divided into zones for demon-
žanim helikopterima i lakim borbenim stration of certain combat activities and
vozilima. Prostpor je bio podeljen u zone tactical situations. The observation post
namenjene demonstraciji određenih bor- was at the distance of approximately 500
benih dejstva i taktičkih situacija i od m (from the arena for demonstration of
posmatračnice bio udaljen 500 m (pro- special anti-terrorist units) up to approx-
stor za prikaz dejstva specijalnih antite- imately 3000 m (from the arena for
rorističkih jedinica) do 3000m (prostor demonstration of the activities of
za prikaz dejstva oklopnih jedinica i arti- armored units and fire support units).
ljerije vatrene podrške) The members of the army and the police
Pripadnici Vojske i MUP-a demon- demonstrated exceptionally high level of
strirali su izuzetno visok nivo osposob- capabilities for execution of complex
ljenosti za izvršavanje složenih borbenih combat tasks of antiterrorist and anti-
zadataka, pre svega iz domena protivte- riot activities which nowadays represent
rorističkih i protivpobunjeničkih dejsta- the basic threat to peace. The demon-
va, koja danas predstavljaju osnovnu pret- strated combat capabilities of the units
nju miru. Prikazana i demonstrirana bor- of the Serbian Armed Forces (SAF) and
bena sposobnost pripadnika Vojske i the police are particularly important
MUP-a posebno je značajna kada se ima because they are equipped with complex
u vidu opremljenost složenim sredstvi- defence equipment (such as tanks,
ma NVO (tenkovi, borbena vozila peša- infantry combat vehicles, artillery, com-
dije, artiljerija, borbeni avioni, helikop- bat aircraft, helicopters, etc.) which
teri), koja uglavnom pripadaju nemo- mainly belong to unmodified (basic) vari-
dernizovanim (osnovnim) varijantama ations of combat systems developed and
borbenih sistema razvijernih i uvedenih introduced in the armament of Yugoslav
u naoružanje JNA tokom osamdesetih Peoples` Army in 1980`s.
godina.
Yugoimport SDpR at «Resolute
Jugoimport SDpR na Response 2009»
«Odlučnom odgovoru 2009»
The exhibition included the latest pro-
U saradnji sa organizatorima vežbe, jects of the development of complex
organizovana je i izložba NVO na kojoj armament and defence equipment
su prikazani najnoviji projekti razvoja slo- undergone by the Military Technical
ženih sredstava NVO Vojunotehničkog Institute of the Serbian Armed Forces
Instituta Vojske Srbije i Javnog and the Public Company Yugoimport-
Preduzeća Jugoimport SDPR. SDPR.

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AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

VTI VS prikazao je funkcionalni model sistema SORA - The Military Technical Institute of the Serbian Armed
haubice 122 mm ugrađene na platformi terenskog kamio- Forces showed functional model of SORA system – howitzer
na formule pogona 6x6 FAP 2026, zatim probnu seriju teren- cal. 122 mm, installed on the platform of 6x6 cross-county
skih kamiona formule pogona 4x4 FAP 1118, kao i funkcio- vehicle FAP 2026, as well as trial series of 4x4 cross-coun-
nalni model malog borbenog vozila - lansera protivoklopnih try trucks FAP 1118, functional model of small unmanned
raketa kalibra 90 mm bez posade Milica, koji su prikazani i combat vehicle with armored anti-armor guided missile
na nedavno održanoj izložbi NVO PARTNER 2009. launcher cal. 90 mm called Milica, also shown at the arma-
Javno Preduzeće Jugoimport-SDPR je i ovim prikazom ment and defence equipment exhibition PARTNER 2009 in
svojih razvojnih projekata iz domena složenih sredstva NVO Belgrade last spring.
ukazao na svoju pre nekoliko godina uspostavljenu misiju
Sistem integratora razvoja i proizvodnje složenih oružnih The Public Company Yugoimport-SDPR, by demonstra-
sistema, odnosno značaj te misije za Sistem odbrane tion of own complex armament and defence (ADE) devel-
Republike Srbije u celini. opment projects, pointed out his mission as the System
Sredstva iz naših razvojnih programa su po osnovnom kon- Integrator of development and production of complex com-
ceptu i primenjenih tehničko-tehnološkim rešenjima prila- bat systems which has been established a few years ago,
gođena globalnim trendovima u razvoju stredstava NVO, namely the importance of the said mission for complete sys-
odnosno izazovima savremenog bojišta i najznačajnijih kate- tem of defence of the Republic of Serbia.
gorija oružanih sukoba, tako da su istovremeno namenjena
zadovoljavanju zahteva ino-partnera i upotrebi u oružanim The basic concept and application of state of the art tech-
snagama naše zemlje. nical and technological solutions makes the equipment from
Sredstva po konceptu prate globalnu »filozofiju» prelaska the development programs of Yugoimport-SDPR correspond
sa nekadašnjeg armijskog i korpusnog sistema odbrane, to global trends in the development of ADE, namely to the
karakterističnog za period “Hladnog rata” na manje organi- challenges of modern battlefields and the most important
zacione jedinice ranga brigade i bataljona, koji su visoko categories of armed clashes. They are intended to meet both
pokretrljivi i dovoljno elastični da odgovore na nove pretnje the requirements of our foreign partners and the defence
svetskom miru. U uslovima stalnih pretnji terorističkih i forces of our own country.
gerilskih formacija širom sveta, projekte koji razvijaju naši
stručnjaci u potpunoj su saglasnosti sa normama modernog The concept of the said equipment follows global "phi-
sistema ratovanja, a pre svega u kontekstu pokretljivosti, losophy" of transfer from former army and corpus defence
vatrene moći i brzoj razmeni informacija o karakteristikama system which was characteristical for the period of so called
bojišta danas. Cold War, towards smaller organization units such as

26
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
Projekti prikazani na vežbi «Odlučan odgovor 2009» zanim- brigades and battalions, that have high movability and sub-
ljiva su i zbog toga, što predstavljaju savremena rešenja u stantial flexibility to answer to new threats to global peace.
osavremenjavanju i modernizaciji sredstava, koja se već nala- In the state of constant threats of possible terrorist and gueril-
ze u upotrebi u oružanim sanagama, kako naše zemlje, tako la actions worldwide, the projects developed by our experts
i u oružanim snagama naših suseda. fully correspond to the normative of contemporary warfare
as far as their movability, fire power and fast exchange of the
Na združenoj taktičkoj vežbi «Odlučan odgovor 2009» pri- information on battlefield are concerned.
kazana su sledeća sredstva iz razvojno-proizvodnog pro- The projects shown at the "Resolute Response 2009" exer-
grama kompanije J ugoimport SDPR: cise are interesting because they represent sophisticated
solutions of modernization of the equipment already in use
1. Projekat vojnik budućnosti VB-10 in the armed forces of our country and the neighboring coun-
2. Samohodni artiljerijski sistem NORA B52 tries.
3. Višenamensko oklopno vozilo LAZAR
4. Višenamensko izviđačko borbeno vozilo Kurjak The following items included in the development and pro-
5. Artiljerijsko izviđačko-borbeno vozilo BOV duction program of Yugoimport-SDPR were shown at the "
6. Samohodna top-haubica SOKO 122 mm Resolute Response 2009" exercise, namely:
7. Logističko vozilo artiljerijskog sistema NORA – B/52
155 mm 1. Project "Soldier of the Future VB-10",
8. Sistem za čišćenje i održavanje artiljerijskih oruđa 2. Self-propelled artillery system NORA B52,
3. Multi-purpose armored vehicle LAZAR,
Projekat vojnik budućnosti VB-10 jedan je od najznačaj- 4. Multi-purpose reconnaissance combat vehicle
nih projekata iz domena razvoja NVO za vojnika pešadije, Kurjak,
a obuhvata: 5. Artillery reconnaissance combat vehicle BOV,
6. Self-propelled gun - howitzer SOKO cal. 122 mm,
• Razvoj uniforme 7. Logistics vehicle for artillery system NORA – B/52
• Razvoj balističkog-borbenog prsluka cal. 155 mm, and
• Razvoj šlema 8. System for cleaning and maintenance of artillery
• Razvoj podsistema naoružanja na bazi puške equipment.
M77ABX kalibra 7.62 mm NATO
• Razvoj podsistema naoružanja na bazi puške M21 The "Soldier of the Future VB-10" is one of the most impor-
kalibra 5.56x45 mm tant ADE projects as far as infantry manpower is concerned.
• Razvoj nišansko-računarsko-komunikacionog pod- This project includes the development of the following:
sistema,koji obuhvata dnevni nišan sa TV kamerom, noćni • Soldier’s uniform,
nišan, refleksni nišan, laserski daljinomer, pokazivač-moni- • Ballistic-combat vest,
tor na šlemu, računar sa softverom pešadijskog KIS-a, kao i • Helmet,
komunikacijske setove podeljene za nivo borca pešadije i za • Armament subsystem based on the rifle M77ABX
nivo komandira cal. 7.62 mm NATO,

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AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
Ova savremena rešenja omogućiće bržu razmenu infor- • Armament subsystem based on the rifle M21 cal.
macija o taktičkim i strateškim karakteristikama bojišta, o 5.56x45 mm, and
kretanju različitih jedinica i sredstava, kao i o načinu upo- • Sighting-computer-communication subsystem
trebe svakog vojnika na najefikasniji mogući način, kako bi comprising day sight with TV camera, night sight, reflex
vatrena moć pojedinca ili jedinice bila na najbolji mogući sight, laser range finder, helmet display – monitor, computer
način iskorišćena i fokusirana. Takođe, vojnik budućnosti with software for infantry control and information system,
će moći da bude žilaviji, efikasniji i u dužem vremenskom as well as communication sets for infantry fighter and com-
periodu budnosti, što će omogućiti da se na realne pretenje mander communication levels.
odgovori u najkraćem mogućem roku i na najefikasniji mogu-
ći način. These modern solutions provide for faster exchange of
Opremljen savremenim balističkim borbenim prslukom, information on tactical and strategic characteristics of the
šlemom i novom uniformom, vojnik budućnosti će imati veće battlefield, movement of different units and equipment, as
šanse da ostane neprimećen u okolini u kojoj dejstvuje, a well as mode of employment of each soldier in the most effi-
imaće daleko veće šanse preživljavanja u slučaju da se nađe cient manner thus enabling the best possible use and focus
pod paljbom. Nova rešenja u naoružanju i primeni savre- both on each soldier and the complete unit. The soldier of
menih nišanskih sprava, omogućiće mu da dejstvuje u svim the future will be tougher, more efficient and agile for longer
meteo uslovima, danju i noću, sa podjednakom efikasnošću. period of time, which will provide for more efficient response
Da bi pratili vojnika budućnosti i da bi mu pružala odgo- to realistic threats in the quickest possible time. Equipped
voarajuće informacije, zaštitu, ali i vatrenu podršku pred- with modern ballistic combat vest, helmet and new uniform,
stavljeni su ostali sistemi tehnike. the soldier of the future will have more chance to remain
unnoticed in the environment of his action, and will by far
Višenamensko izviđačko borbeno vozilo Kurajk namenje- have greater chances of survival in conditions of cross fire.
no je za izvršavanje niza taktičkih zadataka na savremenom New armament solutions and application of sophisticated
bojištu različitog nivoa intenziteta, uključujući kontrolu teri- sighting devices enable soldier’s action in all meteorologi-
torije, antiteroristička i specijalna dejstva, izviđanje i dr. cal conditions, both day and night, with unchanged efficiency.
Vozilo je bazirano na konverziji oklopnog vozila formule 4x4 Other systems were also presented which provide for track-
BRDM-2, koja obuhvata značajnu modifikaciju oklopnog tela ing of the soldier of the future and rendering him appropri-
u cilju dobijanja prostora za smešaj 2+5 članova posade, ate information, protection, and combat support.
ugradnju savremenog motora AMG V8 6.5 snage 128 kW,
kao i integraciju savremenog navigacionog sistema, koman- Multi-purpose reconnaissance combat vehicle KURJ AK is
dno-informacionog sistema, multi-senzorskog (optoelek- intended for performance of a number of tactical tasks at
tronskog i radarskog) sistema za osmatranje ugrađenog na modern battlefield of different levels of intensity, including
dodižućoj teleskopskoj platformi i ugradnju daljinski uprav- control of the territory, anti-terrorist and special combat
ljane oružane stanice. activities, reconnaissance, etc. The vehicle is based on con-
Multisenzorski sistem se sastoji od optoelektronskog pod- version of 4x4 armored vehicle BRDM-2 including substantial
sistema koji obuhvata termičku kameru II generacije, modification of the hull to accommodate 2 + 5 members of

29
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

the crew, as well as installation of modern engine AMG V8
6.5 of 128 kW, and integration of sophisticated navigation
system, command-information system, multi-sensor (opto-
electronic and radar) surveillance system incorporated into
the telescopic platform for additional lifting, and installation
of remotely controlled armaments station. Multisensor sys-
tem consists of optoelectronic subsystem which includes
second generation thermal image camera, CCD camera and
laser range finder, as well as radar subsystem based on PR-
15 radar which provides for detection of targets as big as
vehicles at the range of up to 15 km. Multisensor station is
incorporated in the lifting platform installed on the tele-
scopic tower reaching maximum height of 4 meters, which
provides for surveillance using natural and urban shelters.

The remotely controlled armament station is equipped
with sight system based on thermal image camera, CCD
camera and laser range finder. It is armored with heavy
machine gun cal. 12.7 mm, with combat set of 200 rounds.
Basic hull of the vehicle provides for Level I protection as
per STAASG 4569 standard, and with additional armor mod-
CCD kameru i laserski daljinomer, kao i radarski podsistem, ules it may be upgraded up to Level II protection as per the
koji bazira na radaru PR-15, koji omogućava domet do 15 same standard.
km za otkrivanje ciljeva veličine vozila. Multisenzorska sta-
nica je ugrađena na podižućoj platformi montiranajoj na tele- Advanced combat vehicle BOV, made on the basis of BOV
skopskom tornju maksimalne visine 4 metra, koja omogu- 4x4 families of multipurpose armored vehicles, is intended
ćaje osmatranje uz korišćenje prirodnih ili urbanih zaklona. for battlefield reconnaissance and target acquisition for
Daljinski upravljana oružana stanica, opremeljena je nišan- artillery engagement, as well as for coordination and cor-
skim sistemom na bazi termičke kamere, CCD kamere i rection of artillery fire. As a matter of fact, the vehicle rep-
laserskog daljinomera, i naoružana teškim mitraljezom kali- resents forward position of artillery units and serves for guid-
bra 12.7 mm sa bojnim kompletom od 200 metaka. ance of precise artillery firing at the targets outside visual
Osnovni oklop vozila omogućava nivo zaštite I po standar- range of artillery units.
du STAASG 4569, a modulima dodatnog oklopa nivo zašti- The vehicle is equipped with Artillery Electronic
te se može podići na nivo II istog standarda. Goniometer (AEG) which is coupled with laser range find-
er (which can be dismantled from the vehicle). As far as spe-
BOV napredno borbeno vozilo,nastalo na familiji BOV 4x4 cial equipment is concerned, the vehicle is equipped with
višenamenskih oklopnih vozila, namenjeno je za izviđanje the driver’s front thermal and back TV cameras. The vehi-
bojnog polja i određivanje ciljeva za artiljerijska dejstva, kao cle may reach maximum speed of 90 km/h at asphalt roads,
i za koordinaciju i korekciju artiljerijske vatre. Zapravo je and serves for transport of 3 + 4 members of the crew. It
isturen položaj artiljerijskih jedinica i služi za navođenje has Level I protection as per STANAG 4569 standard. The
precizne artiljerijske paljbe na armament of the vehicle
ciljeve van vizuelnog dometa- includes remotely controlled
samih artiljerijskih jedinica. armor unit equipped with
heavy machine gun cal. 12.7
Opremljen je AEG-om mm.
(Artiljerijski Elektronski
Goniomer) koji je uparen sa Self-propelled armored gun –
lasenskim daljinomerom (koji howitzer SOKO cal. 122 mm,
se može skinuti sa vozila), a with short response time, rep-
od specijalne opreme tu su resents modern artillery sys-
vozačeva prednja termalnai tem primarily intended for
zadnja TV kamera. Vozilo ima joint combat units and forces
maksimalnu brzinu od 90 for fast intervention, integrat-
km/h po asfaltnoj podlozi, pre- ed into brigades, regiments
vozi 3+4 članova posade i and battalions intended for
zaštićeno je I nivom zaštite po fast response to contemporary
standardu STANAG 4569. challenges of digitalized bat-
Naoružanje čini daljinski tlefield. The system repre-
upravljana oružana stanica sa sents connection between
teškim mitraljezom od 12.7 modern turret with D-30
mm. howitzer cal. 122 mm and
compact PRAGA armored

30
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
wheeled vehicle which joined
together represent highly mobile
system of great fire power.
Compact dimensions provide high
tactical, operative and strategic
mobility of the vehicle (possibili-
ty of air transport), as well as the
possibility of constant and fast
changes of firing position which
gives the vehicle high resistance
to enemy fire, and the increased
possibility of surviving in condi-
tions of intensive combat condi-
tions. High combat efficiency and
flexibility of the system is visible
in application of state of the art
solutions such as electric system
for azimuth and elevation mech-
anism of semiautomatic gun
loader with pneumatic plunger.
Good stability during firing at all
azimuths and elevations has been
achieved by application of
SOKO 122 mm samohodna oklopljena top-haubica krat- advanced suspension system consisting of two hydraulic
kog vremena odziva predstavlja moderan artiljerijski sistem, mobile trails. The possibility of the use of standard laser
primarno namenjen združenim borbenim jedinicama i sna- guided missile («Kitolov») provides for indirect fire at mov-
gama za brzu intervenciju, integrisanim u brigade, pukove ing and dotted targets.
i bataljone, čija je namena brz odgovor na moderne izazove The gun-howitzer may be used for firing at ranges of up
digitalizovanog bojišta. Sistem predstavlja spoj modernog i to 17.3 km (using high explosive shells), namely up to 21 km
tradicionalnog, moderne kupole sa haubicom D-30 kalibra (using high explosive base bleed shells), as well as for imme-
122 mm i kompaktnoh oklopnog vozila točkaša PRAGA, koji diate fire in conditions of self-defense, and immediate fire
zajedno predstavljaju visoko mobilan savremeni sistem veli- support to anti-terrorist actions, etc. The combat set includes
ke udarne moći. Zbog svojih kompaktnih dimenzija ima viso- 36 shells, out of which 18 are located in the gun loader.
ku taktičku, operativnu i stratešku mobilnost (mogućnost Auxiliary armament consists of a machine gun cal. 7.62 mm.
vazdušnog transporta), ali i mogućnost stalnog i brzog menja- The crew of five members is protected by Level I protection
nja vatrenog položaja, što mu omogućava visoku žilavost na as per the standard STANAG 4569. Assuming and aban-
dejstvo protivničke paljbe i sposobnost preživljavanja u inten- doning of fire position is completed within 60 to 90 seconds.
zivnim borbenim uslovi-
ma. Visoka borbena efi-
kasnost i elastičnost ovog
sistema ogleda se u tome
što su primenjena savre-
mena rešenja poput elek-
tričnog sistema za pokre-
tanje po pravcu i elevaciji
i poluautomatskog punja-
ča sa pneumatskim poti-
skivačem. Dobra stabil-
nost prilikom gađanja po
svim pravcima i elevacija-
ma, postignuta je korišće-
njem naprednog sistema
oslanjanja, koji se sastoji
od dva hidraulički pokre-
tana kraka. Mogućnost
korišćenja sistema stan-
dardnog («Kitolov») laser-
ski vođenog projektila,
omogućava dejstvo na
pokretne i tačkaste ciljeve
putem indirektne paljbe.

31
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE

Top-haubicom se može dejstvovati na daljinama do 17.3 The systems such as NORA B/52 self-propelled artillery
km (razornim projektilom), odnosno do 21 km (razornim system and LAZAR multi-purpose armored vehicle should
projektilom sa generatorom gasa 21), kao i nposrednim gađa- only be mentioned. The firs one because nowadays it rep-
njem u uslovima samoodbrane ili neposredne vatrene podr- resents our export trump card, and the other one because it
ške protivteroristilčkim dejstvima sl. Borbeni komplet čini may become our best sales trump card. The NORA system
36 projektila, od kojih je 18 u punjaču. Pomoćno naoruža- represents sophisticated artillery system already included in
nje čini mitraljez kalibra 7.62 mm. Posadu od 5 članova šti- the armaments of several countries worldwide. Fire power,
ti oklopna zaštita I nivoa po standardu STANAG 4569. range and the possibility of engagement in destruction of
Zauzimanje i napuštanje vatrenogpoložaja obavi se u roku variety of targets make this system powerful and respectable
od 60 do 90 sekundi. weapon for contemporary warfare.
Sisteme poput samohodnog artiljerijskog sistema NORA
B/52 i višenamenskog oklopnog vozila LAZAR ne treba puno Multi-purpose armored vehicle LAZAR represents a new
pominjati. Prvog zato što je danas naš izvozni adut, a dru- project combining the best characteristics of vehicles type
gog, jer pretenduje da postane naš najbolji izvozni adut. MRAP and MRAV. Powerful armament and strong armor
Sistem NORA predstavlja savremeni artiljeriski sistem, koji enable this vehicle to carry out a number of operations on
se već nalazi u naoružanju nekoliko zemalja sveta. Svojom different terrains and to be engaged in contemporary war-
vatrenom moći, dometom i sposobnošću uništavanja veli- fare, urban combat, anti-terrorist and guerilla actions, as
kog broja različitih ciljeva ovo oruđe predstavlja respekta- well as in old "cold war" operations in major formations of
bilno sredstvo savremenog ratovanja. armored units. Special design solutions, strong armored
Višenamensko oklopno vozilo LAZAR predstavlja nov pro- protection and contemporary electronic equipment enable
jekat koji u sebi sadrži najbolje osobine vozila tipa MRAP i this vehicle to perform even the most extreme operations
vozila tipa MRAV. Svojim jakim naoružanjem i jakim oklo- in all meteorogical conditions, both in daylight and at night.
pom, sposobno je da vrši operacije u čitavom spektru tere- The crew compartment providing for embarkment of 10
na i da vodi borbu u uslovima savremenog ratovanja, urba- soldiers represents special power of this vehicle and increas-
ne borbe, protivterorističkih i gerilskih akcija, ali i stari hlad- es its fire power.
noratovski način u velikim oklopnim formacijama. Posebnim At the tactical exercise "Resolute Response 2009"
konstrukcionim rešenjima, jakom oklopnom zaštitom i savre- Yugoimport-SDPR showed two more items which form a
menom elektronskom opremom, može da izvršavai one naj- part of logistic basis important for proper functioning of
ekstremnije operacije u svim meteo uslovima, danju i noću. each combat unit. Those are logistic support vehicle for
Posebnu snagu ovom vozilu daje ukrcno odeljenje od 10 artillery system NORA-B/52, cal. 155 mm, and the system
boraca koje prevozi u sebi, što samo povećava njegovu vatre- for cleaning and maintenance of barrels of artillery weapons.
nu moć.
Na taktičkoj vojnoj vežbi «Odlučan odgovor 2009» prika- Logistic support vehicle for artillery system NORA is
zali smo još dva sredstva koja čine deo logističke baze bitne intended for transport and supply of ammunition in condi-
za pravilno funkcionisanje svake borbene jedinice. To su tions of constant artillery fire.
pre svega logističko vozilo artiljerijskog sistema NORA-B/52
155 mm i sistem za čišćenje i održavanje cevi artiljerijskih The vehicle is mounted on 6x6 KAMAZ truck chassis on
oruđa. which we installed modular system for ammunition trans-

32
AKTUELNOSTI - TOpIcAL ISSUE
Logističko vozilo sistema NORA namenjeno je za dotur i port consisting of three containers, each carrying 24 mis-
snabdevanje municijom u uslovima stalne artiljerijske vatre. siles and 24 propellant charges packed in four modules each
Vozilo je urađeno na šasiji terenskog kamiona KAMAZ 6x6 containing six missiles and four modules with another six
na kojem je ugrađen modularni sistem za dostavu munici- propellant charges, as well as a crane for acceptance and
je, koji se sastoji od tri kontejnera, od kojih svaki sadrži po transport of the modules up to the ammunition receiver,
24 projektila i 24 barutna punjenja, smeštenih u 4 modula situated behind the cabin of NORA artillery weapon.
sa po 6 projektila i 4 modula sa po 6 punjenja, kao i dizali-
com za prihvat i prenos modula do magacina za municiju The system for cleaning and maintenance of barrels of
koji se nalazi iza kabine artiljerijskog oruđa NORA. artillery weapons is intended for cleaning and maintenance
of the barrels of artillery weapons and tank gun barrels both
Sistem za čišćenje i održavanje cevi artiljerijskih oruđa in workshops and in field conditions. The system consists
namenjen je za čišćenje i održavanje cevi artiljerijskih oru- of cleaning devices, generator and compressor. The clean-
đa i tenkovskih topova u radionicama i poljskimuslovima. ing itself is carried out manually or automatically. The sys-
Sistem se sastoji iz aparata za čišćenje, generatora i kom- tem may be used for cleaning of barrels ranging from 100
presora, samo čišćenje se vrši ručno ili automatski, a može to 205 mm in caliber, their length ranging from 1 to 10
opsluživati oruđa kalibra od 100 do 205 mm i dužine od 1 meters. Cleaned barrels should be manually lubricated after
do 10 metara. Po izvršenom čišćenju potrebno je ručno pod- completed cleaning.
mazati očišćenu cev.
The guests present at Joint Tactical Exercise “Resolute
Tokom prezentacije sredstava, prisutni gosti su imali pri- Response 2009" showed their personal initiative to take
liku i izrazili su ličnu inicijativu da se «direktno» upoznaju «closer» look at presented armaments. We especially point
sa prikazanim sredstvima. out the wish of the President of the Republic of Serbia to
sit at a seat intended for soldiers in disembarkment com-
Predsednik Republike nepsredno se upoznao sa moguć- partment of LAZAR combat vehicle, and to get acquainted
nostima za osmatranje i vatreno dejstvo pripadnika pešadi- with the possibilities of surveillance and firing the soldiers
je iz vozila LAZAR, ističući da sredstva iz razvojno-proiz- have inside the vehicle. On that occasion he pointed out that
vodnog programa Jugoimport SDPR predstavljaju savre- the equipment included in development and production
mene sisteme, koji bi mogli značajno da doprinesu osavre- program of Yugoimport-SDPR represents modern systems
menjivanju naših oružanih snaga. which may substantially contribute to modernization of
Serbian Armed Forces.

33
ProjeKti jUgoimPort
jUgoimPort sdPr Projects in

odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
sdPr U oblasti the field of
artiljerije artillerY
Piše By
TomislavMićić TomislavMićić

ProjeKti U raZVojU deVeloPment Projects

Jugoimport SDPR pridaje izuzetnu pažnju razvoju sred- Jugoimport SDPR attaches exceptional importance to
stava NVO. U okviru razvojnih zadataka značajno mesto zau- development of armaments and defense equipment. Among
zimaju razvojni zadaci iz oblasti artiljerije. development assignment, significant place belongs to devel-
Do sada je završen razvoj više sredstava (sistema) NVO opment projects in the field of artillery.
koja se već nalaze u serijskoj proizvodnji ili je njihova proiz- Until now, a number of weapons (systems) have been
vodnja završena. developed and entered production run, production of some
Reference Jugoimport-SDPR, u sadašnjem trenutku, kao is already completed.
sistem integratora srpske odbrambene industrije, u realiza- Currently, the references of Jugoimport-SDPR as system
ciji razvojnih zadataka u oblasti artilje-rije su: integrator for Serbian defense industry, include realization
of the following artillery development assignments:
Sredstva NVO:
• samohodna top haubica 155 mm ''NORA-B52'' Weapons and equipment:
verzije ''K1, KE i S''; • Self-propelled gun/howitzer cal. 155 mm ''NORA-
• samohodna top haubica 122 mm; B52'' versions ''K1, KE & S'';
• samohodna top haubica 105 mm; • Multi-purpose, long range rocket system ''ALAS'';
• samohodni raketni višecevni lanser 107 mm. • Logistical vehicle for ''NORA-B52 KE/S'' system;
• Maintenance vehicle for ''NORA-B52 KE/S'' system;
Municija: • Self-propelled gun/howitzer cal. 122 mm;
• modularna barutna punjenja za municiju 155 mm; • Self-propelled gun/howitzer cal. 105 mm;
• artiljerijsko raketni projektili velikog dometa; • Self-propelled multiple rocket launcher cal. 107
• protivoklopna vođena raketa povećane efikasnosti; mm.
• raketa 122 mm ''GRAD'' povećanog dometa:
• savremeni upaljači. Ammunition:
• Modular propellant charges for rounds cal. 155 mm;
Sredstva za izviđanje, komandovanje i rukovanje arti • Artillery rocket projectiles of long range;
ljerijskom vatrom: • Antitank wire guided missile of increased effec-
• komandno informacioni sistem za artiljerijske jedi- tiveness;
nice; • Rocket cal. 122 mm ''GRAD'' of increased range;
• izviđačko komandna vozila u artiljeriji; • Advanced fuzes.
• artiljerijski elektronski goniometar;
• sistem za upravljanje vatrom u artiljeriji. Artillery fire reconnaissance, command and control
equipment:
UČesnici U raZVojU • Command-information system for artillery units;
• Command-command cars for artillery;
Jugoimport SDPR, kao nosilac aktivnosti vezanih za raz- • Artillery electronic direction finder;
voj sredstava NVO, je ostvario saradnju sa brojnim tehno- • Fire control system for artillery.
loškim partnerima (institucije i preduzeća) iz zemlje i ino-
stranstva, kao učesnicima u razvoju. Navodimo najvažije uče- ParticiPants in deVeloPment
snike u razvojnim zadacima iz oblasti artiljerije:
-Sopstveni razvojni organi; Jugoimport SDPR as prime contractor in development of
- VTI VS; arms and defense materiel had established collaboration
- Mašinski fakultet u Beogradu; with numerous technological partners (institutions and com-
- Elektronski fakultet u Nišu; panies) from Serbia and foreign countries as participants in
- TRZ MO; development process. Here follows the list of most promi-
- HK Krušik; nent participants in artillery development projects:
- HK Sloboda; - Own development facilities;
- Milan Blagojević Lučani; - Military-technical institute of Serbian army;
- Prva petoletka Trstenik; - Faculty of mechanical engineering in Belgrade;
- Teleoptik žiroskopi; - Electronics faculty in Niš;

35
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

- Infiz; - TRZ MO;
- EI Opek Niš; - HK Krušik;
-Tehnološki partneri iz inostranstva i dr. - HK Sloboda;
- Milan Blagojević Lučani;
najVaŽnije KaraKteristiKe - Prva petoletka Trstenik;
neKih od sredstaVa nVo U - Teleoptik žiroskopi;
raZVojU - Infiz;
- EI Opek Niš;
samohodna top haubica 155 mm - Technological partners from foreign coun-
''nora-b52'' verzije ''s'' tries, etc.

Nakon završenog razvoja i proizvodnje prvih main sPecification for some
modela oruđa iz familije ''NORA-B52'', poči arms and eQUiPment Under
njalo se sa modernizacijom postojećih i raz- deVeloPment:
vojem novog modela.
self-propelled gun/howitzer cal.
Koncepcija rešenja samohodne top haubi- 155mm ''nora-b52'', version ''s''
ce 155 mm ''NORA-B52S'' (otvorena ugradnja
naoružanja na šasiju terenskog automobila After completed development and production
pogonske formule 8x8) i gabaritne dimenzije of first samples of weapons from the family
oruđa obezbeđuju: ''NORA-B52'', process of modernization of
existing version and development of a new
-dobru prohodnost oruđa u svim uslovima; model was inaugurated.
-prevoženje posluge oruđa; Concept of the solution of self-propelled
-prevoženje jednog borbenog kompleta gun/howitzer 155 mm “NORA-B52S” (tur-
municije za osnovno i pomoćno naoružanje; ret-less weapon mounted on all-terrain truck
-bezbedan rad posluge pri opsluživanju oru- 8x8) and its main dimensions provide:
đa na vatrenom položaju; - good terrain negotiating properties in all
conditions;
Oruđe ''NORA-B52S'' ima sledeći obim -transport of gun crew;
automatizacije osnovnih funkcija: -transport of one combat set of ammunition
for the main and auxiliary weapons;
-poluautomatski zatvarač; -safe operation of the crew in handling the
-automatski punjač projektila i barutnih weapon in fire position;
punjenja;
-elektro hidraulično pokretanje oruđa po Weapon ''NORA-B52S'' features the fol-
pravcu i visini; lowing levels of automation of its main
-automatska nišanska linija; functions:
-elektro hidraulično spuštanje i podizanje - semi-automatic breech;
prednjih i zadnjih stopa (krakova) vozila; - automatic loading of projectile and pow-
-sistem navigacije i orijentacije; der charges;
-sistem za upravljanje vatrom. - electro-hydraulic gun laying in traverse and
elevation;
Oruđe ''NORA-B52S'' ima sledeće nao- - automatic line of sight;
ružanje: - electro-hydraulic lowering and lifting o
- osnovno naoružanje je top 155 mm sa cevi front and rear vehicle outriggers;
dužine 52 kalibara, ugrađen spolja (bez kupo- - navigation and orientation system;
le) na modifikovanu osnovu terenskog auto- - fire control system.
mobila, pogonske formule 8X8;
- pomoćno naoružanje je mitraljez 7,62 mm; Weapon ''NORA-B52S'' has the following
- dopunsko naoružanje, za maskiranje bor- armament:
benog vozila, su bacači dimnih kutija. - main armament consists of gun cal. 155
mm with barrel of 52 calibers, externally
Maksimalni dometi iz oruđa ''NORA- mounted (turret less) on modified all-terrain
B52S'' su: truck with 8X8 drive;
-sa projektilom HE ERFB-BB ~40,5 km, - auxiliary armament, machine gun cal. 7.62
-sa projektilom HE ERFB ~ 31 km, mm;
-sa projektilom M107 ~ 17,5 km. - Additional equipment, for masking of com-
bat vehicle consists of smoke pot dischargers.

36
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
U tabelarnom prikazu date su uporedne osnovne karakte- Maximum firing ranges of ''NORA-B52S'' gun are:
ristike pojedinih modela iz familije '''NORA-B52''. - with HE ERFB-BB projectile ~ 40,5 km,
Uporedne karakteristike pojedinih modela iz familije si - with HE ERFB projectile ~ 31 km,
stema ''NORA-B'' - with M107 projectile ~ 17,5 km.
MODEL, GLAVNI SKLOPOVI I FUNKCIJE MODELA Table comparison below presents comparison of main
NORA B-52,NORA B-52 K0, NORA B-52 K1(S) characteristics of different models of “NORA-B52” family.
Pogonska formula vozila 8X8 8X8 8X8 Comparative characteristics of specific models of the
Sistem oslanjanja Ne Da Da “NORA-B” family:
Automatska pogodska grupa Ne Ne Da MODEL, MAIN ASSEMBLIES AND FUNCTIONS
Automatsko MODEL
otvaranje/zatvaranje zatvarača Ne Da Da NORA B-52 NORA B-52 K0 NORA B-52 K1(S)
Novi gornji lafet i ležaj Ne Da Da Vehicle drive 8x8 8x8 8x8
Automatski držač cevi na maršu Ne Da Da Support system No Yes Yes
Automatsko punjenje Ne Da Da Automatic power drive No No Yes
Automatska nišan. linija Ne Ne Da Automatic breech
closing/opening No Yes Yes
Pored razvoja oruđa, JUGOIMPORT- SDPR je pokrenuo New upper cradle and bearing No Yes Yes
razvoj logističkog vozila i vozila za održavanje sistema ''NO- Automatic barrel support
RA-B52S''. in traveling position No Yes Yes
Automatic loading No Yes Yes
familija samohodnih top haubica ''soKo'' Automatic light of sight No No Yes
122/100/105 mm In addition to development of artillery weapon, JI SDPR
undertook to develop logistic vehicle and maintenance vehi-
Samohodna oruđa kratkog vremena odziva (Soko cle for ''NORA-B52S'' system.
122/100/105 mm) predstavljaju familiju top haubica nado- family of self-propelled guns/howitzers
građenih na šasiju terenskog automobila pogonske formule “soKo” cal. 122/100/105 mm
6 X 6. Familiju čine tri modela, sa tri varijante balističkog
sistema, i to: Self-propelled weapons with short response time (“Soko”
• haubica 122 mm D-30J sa odgovarajućom, stan- 122/100/105 mm) comprise a family of guns/howitzers
dardnom i HE/BB municijom, dometa od 17,3 km sa HE mounted on chassis of off road trucks 6 x 6. The family con-
projektilima i 21 km sa HE/BB projektilima; sists of three models with three versions of ballistic system,
i.e.:

37
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

• tenkovski top 100 mm koji sa odgovarajućom muni- • Howitzer 122 mm D-30J with standard and HE/BB
cijom, postiže domet od 21 km; i ammunition, with firing ranges of 17.3 km for HE projectile
• haubica 105 mm/52 kalibra, sa savremenom muni- and 21 km for HE/BB projectile;
cijom (HE/BB projektili-ma) postiže domet od 30 km. • Tank gun cal. 100 mm with appropriate ammuni-
tion and the range of 21 km; and
Familija samohodnih top-haubica SOKO 122/100/105 mm • Howitzer cal. 105 mm/52 calibers barrel, with max-
predstavlja moderan artiljerijski sistem, primarno namenjen imum range of 30 km when firing advanced HE/BB projec-
snagama za brzu intervenciju, čija je namena brz odgovor tiles.
na izazove savremenog ratovanja, poput širokih protivtero- The family of self-propelled gun/howitzers SOKO cal.
rističkih i protivgerilskih dejstava, što je obezbeđuju takti- 122/100/105 mm repesents a modern artillery system, pri-
čko tehničke karakteristike ovih oruđa. maily designed for rapid intervention forces able to mount
quick reaction to challenges of modern warfare, such as wide
''soKo'' samohodna haubica 122 mm antiterrorist and anti-guerilla actions, made possible owing
to tactical-tehnical specifications of these weapons.
Najvažnije karakteristike oruđa su:
• visoka vatrena moć, ostvarena kombinacijom veli- ''soKo'' self-propelled howitzer 122 mm
kog dometa, velike brzine gađanja i savremenog sistema za
upravljanje i rukovanje vatrom; Main characteristics of the weapon comprise:
• kratko vreme reagovanja (prelazak iz marševskog u • High fire power, achieved by combination of long
borbeni položaj i obrnuto); range, high rate of fire and modern fire management and
• velika borbena autonomija, ostvarena velikim bor- control system;
benim kompletom; • Quick response (transition from traveling to com-
• mobilnost, ostvarena kompaktnom i visokomobil- bat position and vice versa);
nom šasijom terenskog automobila pogonske formule 6 X 6; • High combat autonomy, made possible by weapon’s
• mogućnost vazdušnog transporta zbog prihvatljive large combat set of ammunition;
mase oruđa; • Mobility, realized by weapon's platform, a compact
• izražena borbena žilavost, ostvarena velikom brzi- highly mobile off-road truck with 6 x 6 drive;
nom posedanja i napuštanja vatrenog položaja, kao i oklop- • Air-transportable, because of weapon system’s mod-
nom zaštitom koju pruža oruđe; erate mass;
• mogućnost preciznog neposrednog gađanja; • Pronounced combat resilience, made possible by
• smanjen broj članova posade u odnosu na postoje- fast taking and evacuation of fire position and weapon’s armor
ća klasična oruđa; protection;
• Capability of precise direct fire;

38
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
• Reduced number of the crew in comparison to exist-
ing conventional weapons;
• All-round combat application made possible by
direct and indirect fire of main weapon, auxiliary weapon
fire, contemporary FCS, available armor protection from
small arms and shell fragments, utilization of standard
ammunition.
• Very stable firing platform owing to modern chas-
sis support system;
• Possible adaptation of advanced “digital battlefield”
owing to the use of modern FCS;
• Capability of projectile laser guidance in terminal
phase;
• Reduced workload of the crew due to application of
electronic sighting system and semi-automatic round loader
with pneumatic rammer.

Main data:
Designation Howitzer ''SOKO'' 122
• univerzalnost borbene upotrebe, ostvarena moguć- Weaponmass 12000 kg
nošću neposrednog i posrednog gađanja iz osnovnog nao- Combat set of ammunition rds. 36 (18 in loader)
ružanja, gađanja iz pomoćnog naoružanja, primena savre- Loader separated round with cartridge case
menog SUV-a, oklopne zaštite od streljačke vatre i parčadi Weapon crew 5 members
granata, kao i upotrebe standardne municije; Sirecontrol system AFCCS
• visoka stabilnost oruđa prilikom gađanja, postignuta Maximum firing range:
korišćenjem savremenog sistema oslanjanja; - with HE projectile 17.3 km
• mogućnost prilagođavanja modernom ''digitalnom - with HE/BB projectile 21 km
bojištu'', korišćenjem savremenog SUV-a; Armor protection of cab
• mogućnost korišćenja laserski vođenog projektila and weapon per STANAG 4569 I level
na završnom delu putanje; Firing sector direction of vehicle travel
• smanjenje zamora posade, ostvareno upotrebom Taking/vacating of fire position 60 - 90s
elektronskog nišanskog sistema i poluautomatskog punjača Auxiliary armament machine gun cal. 7.62 mm
sa pneumatskim potiskivačem.

Osnovni podaci:

Oznaka ''SOKO'' 122 haubica
Masa oruđa 12000 kg
Municijski borbeni komplet: 36(18 u punjaču)
Punjač poluautomatski
Municija dvodelni metak sa čaurom
Posada 5 članova
SUV AFCCS
Maksimalni domet:
- sa HE projektilom 17.3 km
- sa HE/BB projektilom 21 km
Oklopna zaštita kabine i oruđa
po standardu STANAG 4569 I nivo
Sektor gađanja U pravcu kretanja vozila
Zauzimanje vatrenog
položaja/napuštanje vatrenog položaja 60 - 90s
Pomoćno naoružanje - mitraljez kalibra 7,62 mm

’’soKo’’ m09 samohodna haubica 105 mm

Najvažnije karakteristike oruđa su:
• visoka vatrena moć, ostvarena kombinacijom veli-
kog dometa, velike brzine gađanja i savremenog sistema za
upravljanje vatrom;
• kratko vreme reagovanja;
• visoka borbena autonomija, ostvarena velikim bor-
benim kompletom;

39
’’soKo’’ m09 self-propelled howitzer 105
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

• visoka mobilnost, ostvarena kompaktnom i visoko- mm
mobilnom šasijom terenskog automobila pogonske formu-
le 6 X 6; Main data of the weapon comprise:
• mogućnost vazdušnog transporta zbog prihvatljive • high fire power, achieved through combination of
mase oruđa; long range, high rate of fire and modern fire control system;
• visoka borbena žilavost, ostvarena velikom brzinom • short response time;
posedanja i napušta-nja vatrenog položaja; • high combat autonomy achieved with large combat
• univerzalnost borbene upotrebe, ostvarena moguć- set of ammunition;
nošću neposrednog i posrednog gađanja iz osnovnog nao- • high mobility, due to compact, highly mobile off-
ružanja, gađanja iz pomoćnog naoružanja, upotrebom savre- road truck chassis with 6 x 6 drive;
menog SUV-a, balističke (oklopne) zaštite od streljačke vatre • air transportable capability because of moderate
i parčadi granata, kao i upotrebe standardne municije; weapon mass;
• visoka stabilnost oruđa prilikom gađanja; • high combat resilience made possible by rapid pos-
• mogućnost prilagođavanja modernom ''digitalnom sessing and vacating of fire position;
bojištu'', korišćenjem savremenog SUV-a. • all-round combat use made possible by to apply
direct and indirect fire with main weapon and fire with aux-
Osnovni podaci: iliary weapon, application of modern FCS, provision of armor
protection from small arms bullets and shell fragments,
Oznaka M-09 105 mm haubica application of standard ammunition;
Municijski borbeni komplet: 60 metaka • capability to adapt to modern “digital battlefield”
Punjač Manuelni with the use of advanced fire control system.
Posada 5 članova
SUV AFCCS Main data:
Maksimalni domet:
-sa HE ERBT projektilom 15,1 km Designation howitzer M-09 105 mm
-sa HE ERFB/BB projektilom 18,1 km Combat set of ammunition: 60 rounds
-sa HE ERFB/BB (cev dužine 52 kalibra) 30 km Loading manual
Maksimalna brzina gađanja (projektila/minuti) 6 - 8 Crew 5 members
Oklopna zaštita kabine i oruđa Fire control system AFCCS
po standardu STANAG 4569 I nivo Maximum firing range:
Sektor gađanja suprotno od pravca kretanja vozila - with HE ERBT projectile 15.1 km
Posedanje vatrenog - with HE ERFB/BB projectile 18.1 km
položaja/napuštanje vatrenog položaja 120 – 150 s - with HE ERFB/BB (barrel of 52 calibers) 30 km
Pomoćno naoružanje Maximum rate of fire (projectils/minute) 6-8
- mitraljez kalibra 12,7 mm Armor protection of cab
and weapon per STANAG 4569 I level
Firing sector opposite from the direction of vehicle travel
Taking/vacating of fire position 120 – 150 s
Auxiliary armament-machine gun cal. 12.7 mm

40
''soKo'' samohodni top 100 mm

odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
Top koristi šasiju oruđa 122 mm.
Najvažnije karakteristike oruđa su identične sa baznim
oruđem 122 mm, osim:
Municija jednodelni metak
Maksimalni domet sa HE projektilom 21 km
Maksimalna brzina gađanja (projektila/minuti) 15

ProiZVodni reZUltati

Rezultat rada Jugoimport SDPR predstavlja veliki broj
sredstava NVO iz oblasti artiljerije, koja su remontovana,
modernizovana ili serijski proizvedena, kao i onih čija je
proizvodnja u toku.
Najvažnije reference u proizvodn ji kompanije Jugoimport-
SDPR, kao ''sistem integratora'' srpske odbrambene indu-
strije, iz oblasti artiljerije su:

A/ Sredstva NVO:
• samohodna top haubica 155 mm ''NORA-B52K'' ver-
zije ''K0 i K1'',
• modernizovana haubica 105 mm na bazi modela
M2A1 i M56,
• remontovani top 76 mm M42,
• minobacači 60 i 81 mm,
• minobacač 120 mm M75.
B/ Municija:
• municija 76 mm,
• municija 105 mm povećanog dometa,
• municija 155 mm ERFB/BB,
• mine 60, 81 i 120 mm.
C/ Sredstva za izviđanje, komandovanje i rukovanje vatrom: ''soKo'' self-propelled gun cal. 100 mm
• pribori za upravljanje vatrom artiljerijskih oruđa 76
i 105 mm, The gun uses the chassis of cal. 122 mm weapon. Main
• minobacački balistički računari i KIS modela M07 characteristics are identical to those of basic weapon cal. 122
i M07G, mm, except for:
• sistem za upravljanje vatrom oruđa105 mm, Ammunition fixed round
• sistem za upravljanje vatrom oruđa 155 mm ''NO- Maximum firing range with HE projectile 21 km
RA-B52K0'', Maxium rate of fire (projectiles/minute) 15

ProdUction resUlts

Results of Jugoimport SDPR activities in the field of
artillery embrace large number of weapons that have been
overhauled, upgraded or produced in series including those
under ongoing production.
Major production references for Jugoimport-SDPR com-
pany as “system integrator” for Serbian defense industry
cover:

A/ Arms and equipment:
• self-propelled gun/howitzer cal. 155 mm ''NORA-
B52K'', versions ''K0 & K1'',
• modernized howitzer cal. 105 mm based on types
M2A1 and M56,
• overhauled gun cal. 76 mm M42,
• mortars of 60 and 81 mm,
• mortar 120 mm M75.
B/ Ammunition:
• rounds 76 mm,
• rounds 105 mm of increased range,
• rounds 155 mm ERFB/BB,

41
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
• ručni laserski daljinomer, • mortar shells 60, 81 and 120 mm.
• periskopska artiljerijska busola PAB 2AT. C/ Fire surveillance, command and control equipment:
• snopar M56. • fire control sets for artillery weapons cal. 76 and 105 mm,
• mortar ballistic computers and KIS models M07
Učesnici u proizvodnji and M07G,
• fire control system for howitzer cal. 105 mm,
Jugoimport SDPR, kao nosilac aktivnosti vezanih za, proiz- • fire control system for howitzer cal. 155 mm ''NO-
vodnju, modifikaciju (modernizaciju) i remont sredstava RA-B52K0'',
NVO sarađuje sa brojnim tehnološkim part-nerima (insti- • hand-held laser range finder,
tucije i preduzeća) iz Srbije i inostranstva. Navodimo neke • periscope artillery compass PAB 2AT.
od njih: Sopstveni proizvodni pogoni,TRZ MO,HK Krušik, • plotter M56.
HK Sloboda,Prva petoletka Trstenik,Teleoptik žiroskopi,
Infiz, Rotis doo,Livnica Ljig, Goša FMO,Servoteh,Majkić Participants in production
doo,Dammont, Unior, Sever, Tehnološki partneri iz ino-
stranstva i dr. Jugoimport SDPR, as main contractor for production, mod-
ifications (modernization) and overhaul of armaments and
Ulaganje u proizvodnju defense materiel, cooperates with numerous technological
U poslednjih nekoliko godina, JUGOIMPORT-SDPR partners (institutions and companies) in Serbia and abroad.
izdvaja i ulaže znatna finansijska sredstva u proizvodnu opre- Some of them are listed below:
mu sopstvenih proizvodnih pogona, kao i u proizvodne kapa- - Own manufacturing plants, TRZ MO, HK Krušik,
citete nekih od preduzeća odbrambene i civilne industrije. HK Sloboda, Prva petoletka Trstenik, Teleoptik žiroskopi,
Infiz, Rotis doo, Livnica Ljig, Goša FMO, Servoteh,
Korisnici proizvedenih sredstava Majkić doo, Dammont, Unior, Sever, Technoligal partners
in foreign countries.
U toku višedecenijskog postojanja, JUGOIMPORT-
SDPR je ostvario komercijalnu prisutnost na tržištu veli- Investing in production
kog broja zemalja. In the past several years, JI SDPR has been investing con-
siderable financial funds in production equipment of its own
Posle izvesne stagnacije, prouzrokovane raznim doga- manufacturing plants, as well as in production capacities of
đajima u zemlji i okruženju, JUGOIMPORT- SDPR, u some defense and civil industry companies.
poslednjih nekoliko godina (posle 2002. god.), ponovo
ostvaruje značajne komercijalne efekte na tržištima Users of manufactured products
Dalekog i Bliskog Istoka, Azije i Afrike, sa tendencijom
njihovog povećanja. In several decades of its operations, Jugoimport SDPR
U realizciji komercijalnih efekata, značajan udeo ima- had established its commercial presence in numerous coun-
ju remontovana, novo razvijena, modernizovana i serij- tries of the world.
ski proizvedena sredstva NVO iz oblasti artiljerije. After notable stagnation caused by events in-country and
Navodimo neka od njih: in the region, JUGOIMPORT-SDPR has come back in sev-
- PO top 76 mm, isporučeno nekoliko stotina eral recent years (since year 2002), achieving marked com-
komada; mercial effects in the markets of Far and Near East, in Asia
- Modernizovana haubica 105 mm M56/33, ispo- and Africa and the trend shows further expansion.
ručeno nekoliko stotina komada; In realization of commercial effects, significant share
- Modernizovana haubica 105 mm M101/33; belongs to overhauled, newly developed, modernized and
- Metak sa optimiziranim projektilom 105 mm series produced weapons and equipment in the field of
HE-ER M02; artillery. Some of these are listed below:
- Metak sa optimiziranim projektilom sa genera- - Antitank gun 76 mm, over 100 units delivered;
torom gasa 105mm HE-ERBB M02; - Modernized howitzer 105 mm M56/33, over 100
- Samohodna top-haubica 155 mm ,,NORA- units delivered;
B52K0''; - Modernized howitzer 105 mm M101/33;
- Metak sa projektilom 155 mm tipa ERFB-BB; - Round with optimized projectile cal. 105 mm HE-
- Baterijski sistem za upravljanje i komandovanje ER M02;
vatrom namenjen za sistem ''NORA-B52''; - Round with optimized base bleed projectile cal. 105
- Završen je razvoj i osvojena tehnologija serijske mm HE-ERBB M02;
izrade samohodnog višecevnog lansera raketa sa softi- - Self-propelled gun/howitzer 155 mm ,,NORA-
ciranim rešenjem uređaja za pokretanje po pravcu i ele- B52K0'';
vaciji, obezbeđenje automatske nišanske linije, za uprav- - Round with projectile cal. 155 mm type ERFB-BB;
ljanje vatrom i navigaciju oruđa, za poznatog kupca; - Battery fire management and command system for
- Minobacači 81 i 120 mm, isporučeno više stoti- ''NORA-B52'';
na komada; - Development was completed and technology
- Mine 81 i 120 mm acquired for series production of self-propelled multiple
- Ručni laserski daljinomer; rocket launcher with sophisticated laying in traverse and ele-
- Periskopska artiljerijska busola PAB 2AT; vation, provision of automatic line of sight, with fire man-

43
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

- Minobacački balistički računari i KIS, modela agement and weapon navigation: developed for designated
M07 i M07A, isporučeni u respektivnim količinama; customer.
- Snopar M57; - Mortars cal. 81 and 120 mm, several hundred units
Navedena sredstva su isporučena poznatim kupcima supplied;
u respektivnim količinama. - Mortar shells of 81 and 120 mm, delivered in
U toku su pripreme za početak proizvodnje određe- respective quantities
nih sredstava NVO iz oblasti artiljerije koja su ugovo- - Hand-held laser range finder;
rena sa poznatim kupcima. - Periscope artillery compass PAB 2AT;
- Mortar ballistic computers and command-infor-
PERSPEKTIVE DALJEG RAZVOJA SREDSTAVA mation systems KIS models M07 and M07A, delivered in
NAORUŽANjA I VOJNE OPREME U OBLASTI considerable quantities;
ARTILJERIJE - Plotter M57;
The above items have been delivered to know customers
Dalji razvoj artiljerijskih sistema vatrene podrške će in considerable quantities.
se odvijati u više pravaca, navodimo najvažnije: Preparations are under way to commence manufacturing
• smanjenje broja postojećih kalibara oruđa; of specific artillery weapons and equipment contracted with
• prevođenje postojećih vučnih oruđa u samoho- known buyers.
dna;
• modernizacija postojećih oruđa; PERSPECTIVES FOR FURTHER DEVELOPMENT
• promena odnosa samohodnih i vučnih oruđa, u OF WEAPONS AND EQUIPMENT IN THE FIELD OF
korist samohodnih; ARTILLERY
• automatizacija funkcija oruđa;
• obezbeđenje automatske nišanske linije; Continued development of artillery fire support systems
• daljinsko upravljanje svim funkcijama oruđa; will proceed in several directions, to mention the most promi-
• smanjenja mase oruđa u cilju ostvarenja veće nent ones:
pokretljivosti i stvaranje mogućnosti da se može vršiti • Reduction of number of calibers in service;
vazdušni transport istih; • Converting of current towed weapons to self-pro-
• uvođenja u naoružanje novih vrsta municije pelled version;
posebne namene (neutralisanje oklopljenih ciljeva i žive • Modernization of existing weapons;
sile); • Change of ratio between self-propelled and towed
• razvoj i uvođenje savremene municije poveća- units in favor of self-propelled ones;
nog dometa (započet je razvoj novog domaćeg projekti- • Automation of weapon operation;
la 155 mm sa ugrađenim raketnim motorom i genera- • Provision of automatic line of sight;
torom gasa. Projektovani domet je oko 50 km iz cevi • Remote control of all weapon functions;
dužine 52 kalibara sa postojećom zapreminom barutne • Reduction of weapon mass for their improved mobil-
komore. Novim balističkim rešenjem sa barutnom komo- ity and possible air transportability;
rom zapremine 25 litara domet se može povećati preko • Introduction in service of new types of ammunition
58 km); for special applications (neutralization of armored targets
• uvođenje samonavođene municije na završnom and manpower);
delu putanje; • Development and introduction of advanced extended range
• razvoj i uvođenje bimodularnih punjenja za kali- munitions (development is under way of new indigenous projectile
bre 155 mm namenjenih za korišćenje iz cevi dužine 39 155 mm with built in rocket motor and base bleed). Target range
i 52 kalibara (do sada su uspešno izvršena ispitivanja is about 50 km when fired from barrel of 52 calibers and existing
probnih komada BMC i TMC punjenja, u saradanji sa ammunition chamber. New ballistic solution and ammunition cham-
preduzećem Milan Blagojević iz Lučana); ber of 25 liters will enable estimated range exceeding 58 km);
• razvoj i uvođenje savremenih upaljača sa moguć- • Introduction of projectile homing in terminal phase of tra-
nošću korekcije putanje projektila tokom leta; jectory;
• uvođenje savremenih meteoroloških senzora • Development and acquisition of bi-modular charges for
(opreme) za prizemna i visinska atmosferska merenja; cal. 155, for use in barrels of 39 and 52 calibers (so far, successful
• uvođenje savremenih Sistema za upravljanje i tests of trial BMC and TMC units were completed in collaboration
rukovanje artiljerijskom vatrom (SUV); with Milan Blagojević company of Lučani);
• integracija – uvezivanje u Komandno informa- • Development and acquisition of advanced fuzes capable
cione sisteme višeg nivoa (KIS); of changing projectile’s trajectory in flight;
• navigacija i praćenje položaja oruđa prilikom • Introduction of advance meteo sensors (equipment) for
pokreta, posedanja elemenata borbenog rasporeda, izvr- ground level and altitude atmospheric measuring;
šenja gađanja i premeštanja elemenata borbenog raspo- • Acquisition of advanced artillery fire control systems;
reda; • Integration – interfacing with command-information sys-
• uvođenje komandno izviđačkih vozila oprem- tems (KIS) of higher levels;
ljenih savremenim sredstvima za optičko i optoelek- • Navigation and monitoring of weapon’s position while on
tronsko izviđanje, za prenos podataka, održavanje veze the move, taking of position within battle order, firing and change
i topografsko geodetska merenja; of position in battle order;

44
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
• uvođenje optičkih, optoelektronskih i drugih • Introduction of command-reconnaissance vehicles fitted
sredstava koja omogućavaju dejstvo u noćnim uslovima with advanced equipment for optical and optoelectronic surveillance,
i uslovima ograničene vidljivosti; data transmitting, maintaining of communications and conducting
• obezbeđenje balističke zaštite posluge oruđa, of topographic-geodesic measuring;
municije i barutnih punjenja od dejstva streljačkog nao- • Introduction of optical, optoelectronic and other
ružanja i parčadnog dejstva artiljerijskih projektila; technologies that enable operations at night and in condi-
• razvoj nove generacije minobacača kalibara tions of limited visibility;
81(82) mm i 120mm, povećanog dometa, pogodnih za • Providing ballistic protection for the crew, ammu-
ugradnju na platforme različitih vozila (borbenih, izvi- nition and powder charges from effects of small arms fire
đačkih i transportnih) i drugi. and artillery shell fragments;
• Development of new generation of mortars cal.
Realizacijom razvoja navedenih aktivnosti, postižu se efek- 81(82) mm and 120 mm with increase range, suitable for
ti koji direktno utiču na osavremenjavanje roda artiljerije, mounting on platforms of various (combat, reconnaissance,
navodimo najvažnije: utility) vehicles.
• povećanje preciznosti i tačnosti sistema municija- Realization of above stated activities will gain effects which
oruđe; directly influence upgrading of artillery branch, in particu-
• povećanje dometa; lar:
• povećanje brzine gađanja; • Enhanced precision and accuracy of the weapon-
• skraćenje vremena reagovanja; ammunition system;
• dejstvo u svim vremenskim i drugim uslovima • Increase in firing range;
(dan, noć, magla,...); • Increased rate of fire;
• bitno smanjen zamor posluge oruđa; • Reduced response time;
• smanjenje broja članova posluge oruđa, i dr. • Operation in all weather and environmental condi-
tions (day, night, fog,…);
Jugoimport SDPR, je kroz sopstvene razvojne zada- • Significantly reduced workload of weapon’s crew;
tke, uključen u realizaciju najvećeg broja navedenih • Reduced number of members of the crew, etc.
aktivnosti. Početni rezultati su vidljivi i u praksi prime- While pursuing own development assignments, Jugoimport
njeni. U narednom periodu ih očekujemo još više. SDPR, is involved in realization of the majority of activities
described above. Initial results are visible and applicable in
practice. We expect even more in the coming period.

45
Komandno command
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

iZViĐaČKa reconnaissance
VoZila U artillerY
artiljeriji Vehicle
Piše By
TomislavMićić TomislavMićić

Svaka artiljerijska jedinica (baterija i divizion) se sastoji
od komandno izviđačkih i vatrenih delova. U okviru eleme- Every artillery unit (battery and battalion) consists of com-
nata borbenog rasporeda, izviđački delovi su raspoređeni na mand-reconnaissance and firing sections. Within the scope
osmatračnicama, komandni na osmatračnicama, vatrenim of elements of battle order, reconnaissance elements are
položajima i komandnim mestima a vatreni na vatrenim polo- positioned at observation posts, command elements at obser-
žajima. vation posts, fire positions and command posts, while firing
Komandno izviđačkim delovima, po formaciji, pripadaju effectives are position at fire positions.
izviđačka sredstva, sredstva za održavanje veze, sredstva za By formation, to command-reconnaissance elements
komandovanje, upravljanje i rukovanje artiljerijskom vatrom belong reconnaissance assets, communications equipment,
i druga oprema. artillery fire command, management and control assets and
Da bi oprema i sredstva bili u funkciji neophodno je da other equipment.
budu ispunjeni odgovarajući uslovi vezani za njihov prevoz, In order that all these assets and equipment could prop-
zaštitu, rad, čuvanje i održavanje, kako u toku borbenih dej- erly function, necessary requirements have to be met for
stava, tako i za vreme čuvanja i održavanja. their transport, protection, operation, keeping and mainte-
nance during combat activities, as well as during their upkeep
Savremena borbena dejstva nameću potrebu za veoma and maintenance.
brzim posedanjem elemenata borbenog rasporeda, obezbe-
đenjem visokog nivoa zaštite, kako za poslugu, tako i za opre- Current warfare places the requirement for very rapid tak-
mu i sredstva, kao i za čestim premeštanjem elemenata bor- ing of elements of battle order, providing of high level of pro-
benog rasporeda. tection for the personnel, as well as for equipment and assets,
Za realizaciju ovih zadataka neophodna su savremena and requires frequent dislocations of battle order elements.
terenska motorna vozila, koja obezbeđuju odgovarajuću zašti- To be able to implement these assignments, it is neces-
tu, kako za poslugu, tako i za opremu koju prevoze, odno- sary to have modern cross-country motor vehicles that pro-
sno koja je ugrađena na njih i koja omogućavaju sigurno odr- vide adequate protection for their crews and for carried or
žavanje veze u svim uslovima. built-in equipment, also equipped to maintain safe com-
munications in all conditions.

46
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
Postojeća tehnička Technical solutions
rešenja omogućavaju existing today
da se sva oprema i enable all relevant
sredtva mogu veoma equipment to be
brzo montirati na mounted and pre-
vozilo i pripremiti za pared for operation,
rad, odnosno demo- as well as disman-
nirati i pripremiti za tled and prepared
rad van vozila. for use outside a
Vrsta i sastav opre- vehicle in very short
me i sredstava se time.
definišu prema zah- Types and comple-
tevu korisnika. Zbog ment of assets and
toga ćemo u daljem equipment are
tekstu, o vrsti i sasta- defined by require-
vu opreme koja se ment of their user.
nalazi u pojedinim For that reason, in
komandno izviđačkim further elabora-
vozilima, pisati u načelu. tions, we will only generally describe
Jugoimport SDPR je, u okviru svojih razvojnih zadataka, the types and complement of equip-
razvio familiju višenamenskih oklopnih terenskih motornih ment fitted in command-reconnais-
vozila, pogonske formule 4 X 4, koja se mogu koristiti, kako sance vehicles.
za vojne namene, tako i za civilnu upotrebu. Jugoimport SDPR had, within the scope of
U okviru familije vozila posebno ćemo pomenuti its development assignments developed a fam-
četiri vrste, i to: ily of multi-purpose armored off-road motor vehi-
- izviđačko vozilo komandira komandnog voda u bateriji, cles with 4 x 4 drive that can be used both for mil-
- komandno izviđačko vozilo komandira bateri- itary and civil purposes. Within that family, we will
je, make special mention of four types, namely:
- komandno vozilo zamenika - reconnaissance car for commander of bat-
komandira baterije, i tery command platoon,
- višenamensko -command-reconnaissance vehicle for bat-
izviđačko (komandno) tery commander,
vozilo ''Kurjak'' -command vehicle for deputy battery com-
Navedena vozila nalaze mander, and
svoje mesto i ulogu u for- -multi-purpose reconnaissance (command)
maciji i organizaciji arti- vehicle ''Kurjak'.'
ljerij-ske baterije i divi- The above-mentioned types find their place and role
ziona za podršku. Mogu in formations and organization of artillery batteries
se naći i u drugim jedi- and artillery support battalions. They can find their
nicama, i na drugim place in other units and positions, according to needs
mestima, zavisno od of the user.
postavljenih zahteva kup-
ca.

iZViĐaČKo VoZilo
Nalazi se u sastavu komandnog voda u bateriji, namenje- reconnaissance Vehicle
no je za prevoz komandira komandnog voda i izviđačkih orga- Allocated to command platoon of a battery, serves to trans-
na i opreme i organizaciju i realizaciju zadataka izviđanja, port command platoon’s CO and reconnaissance officers
održavanja veze sa komandirom i zamenikom komandira and equipment in reconnaissance missions, maintaining of
baterije i, po potrebi, rukovanja artiljerijskom vatrom sa communications with battery commander and deputy com-
osmatračnica koje poseda komandir komandnog voda (naj- mander and, if required, to control artillery fire from obser-
češće istaknute osmatračnice). vation post manned by command platoon’s CO (most often
Oprema koja se nalazi u vozilu je montažno demontažnog at remote observation post).
tipa. Equipment fitted on board the vehicle is of removable type.
Osnovni podaci:
Posada 3+4 Main data:
Sredstva: Crew 3+4
• Artiljerski Elektronski Goniometar (AEG), On-board equipment:
• Sredstva veze, • Artillery electronic direction finder (AEG),
• Kompjuter SUV-a artiljerijske baterije. • Communications equipment,
• Artillery battery FCS computer.

47
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

Specijalna oprema: Special equipment:
• prednja termalna kamera vozača • Driver’s forward looking thermal camera
• zadnja TV kamera vozača • Driver’s rear TV camera
Autonomija vozila 650 km Vehicle autonomy 650 km
Oklopna zaštita po standardu STANAG 4569 I nivo Armor protection per STANAG 4569 I level
Naoružanje Armament
daljinski upravljana oružna stanica mitraljez kalibra 12,7 mm remotely controlled weapon station –machine gun cal. 12.7 mm

Komandno iZViĐaČKo VoZilo command-reconnaissance Vehicle
Nalazi se u sastavu artiljerijske baterije, namenjeno za pre- In service with artillery battery, serves for transport of bat-
voz komandira baterije i izviđačkih organa i opreme i orga- tery CO and reconnaissance officers and equipment, for
nizaciju i realizaciju zadataka izviđanja, održavanja veze sa organization and implementation of reconnaissance mis-
komandirom komandnog voda, svojim zamenikom i pretpo- sions, maintaining of communications with command pla-
stavljenom komandom i rukovanja artiljerijskom vatrom sa toon commander, with deputy CO and with superior com-
osmatračnice koju poseda komandir baterije (osnovna osma- mand, also for managing artillery fire from observation post
tračnica). manned by battery commander (main observation post).

48
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
Oprema koja se nalazi u vozilu je montažno demontažnog tipa. Equipment fitted in the vehicle is of removable type.
Osnovni podaci: Main data:
Posada 3+4 Crew 3+4
Sredstva: Equipment:
• Artiljerski Elektronski Goniometar (AEG), • Artillery electronic direction finder (AEG)
• Sredstva veze, • Communications equipment
• Kompjuter SUV-a artiljerijske baterije. • Artillery battery FCS computer
Specijalna oprema: Special equipment:
• prednja termalna kamera vozača, • Driver’s forward looking thermal camera,
• zadnja TV kamera vozača • Driver’s rear TV camera
Autonomija vozila 650 Vehicle autonomy 650 km
Oklopna zaštita po standardu STANAG 4569 I nivo Armor protection per STANAG 4569 I level
Naoružanje Armament.
daljinski upravljana oružna stanica mitraljez kalibra 12,7 mm remotely controlled weapon station, machine gun cal. 12.7 mm

Komandno VoZilo command Vehicle
Nalazi se u sastavu artiljerijske baterije, namenjeno za pre- In service with artillery battery, used for transport of bat-
voz zamenika komandira baterije, računača i vezista i opre- tery deputy CO, computer operator and signalman and their
me, organizaciju i realizaciju pripreme i posedanja vatrenog equipment, for organization and implementation of prepa-
položaja, pripreme i izvršenja artiljerijskog gađanja, kao i rations and taking of fire position, for preparation and exe-
održavanja veze sa komandirom baterije i pretpostavljenom cution of artillery fire and for maintaining of communica-
komandom. tions with battery CO and superior command.
Oprema koja se nalazi u vozilu je montažno demontažnog
tipa. Equipment fitted in the vehicle is of removable type.

Osnovni podaci: Main data:
Posada: 3+4 Crew: 3+4
Sredstva: Equipment:
• Kompjuter SUV-a artiljerijske baterije, • Artillery battery FCS computer,
• Sredstva veze, • Communications equipment,
• Uređaj za usmeravanje oruđa u osnovni pravac (GRS). • Weapon deflection laying equipment (GRS).
Specijalna oprema: Special equipment:
• prednja termalna kamera vozača, • Driver’s forward looking thermal camera,

49
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

• zadnja TV kamera vozača. • Driver’s rear TV camera.
Autonomija vozila 650 km Vehicle autonomy 650 km
Oklopna zaštita po standardu STANAG 4569 I nivo Armor protection per STANAG 4569 I level
Naoružanje Armament.
Oklopljena turela sa mitraljezom kalibra 12,7 mm Armored gun mount with machine gun cal. 12.7 mm

Višenamensko izviđačko vozilo ''Kurjak'' multi-purpose reconnaissance vehicle
Višenamensko izviđačko vozilo je namenjeno za izvršenje ''Kurjak''
niza taktičkih zadataka, uključujući kontrolu teritorije, anti- Multi-role reconnaisance vehicle is intended for execu-
teroristička i specijalna dejstva, izviđanje, upravljanje i ruko- tion of numerous tactical missions, including control of ter-
vanje artiljerijskom vatrom i drugo, zavisno od zahteva kup- ritory, anti-terrorist and special operations, reconnaissance,
ca. control and directing of artillery fire, etc. as required by the
Vozilo je bazirano na konverziji okloponog vozila pogon- user.
ske formule 4 X 4 BRDM, koja obuhvata značajnu modifi- The vehicle is converted armored vehicle 4 x 4 BRDM,
kaciju oklopnog tela u cilju dobijanja prostora za smeštaj with considerably modified armored hull to make space for
članova posade (2+5), ugradnju savremenog dizel motora accommodation of the crew (2+5), retrofit of modern diesel
snage 128 KW, kao i integraciju savremenog navigacionog engine developing 128 kW, and integration of modern nav-
sistema, komandno informacionog sistema, multisenzor- igation system, command-information system, multi-sen-
skog (optoelektronskog i radarskog) sistema za osmatranje sor (optoelectronic and radar) surveillance system mount-
ugra-đenog na podižućoj teleskopskoj platformi i ugradnju ed on extendable telescoping platform and fitting of remote-
daljinski upravljane oružne stanice. ly controlled weapon station.

50
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
Multisenzorski sistem se sastoji od: Multi-sensor system consists
• optoelektronskog podsistema, koji obuhvata of the followingc:
termičku kameru druge generacije, CCD kameru i laser- • Optoelectronic subsys-
ski daljinomer (TOMS) kao i tem that includes thermal cam-
• radarskog podsistema, koji se bazira na radaru era of 2nd generation, CCD cam-
PR-15, koji ostvaruje domet do 15 km u era and laser range finder
otkrivanju ciljeva veličine vozila. (TOMS), as well as
Multisenzorska stanica je ugra- • Radar subsystem based
đena na podižućoj platformi mon- on PR-15 radar with the range of
tiranoj na teleskopskom tornju up to 15 km in detecting of vehi-
maksimalne visine 4 m, koja omo- cle-sized targets.
gućava osmatranje uz korišćenje
prirodnih ili urbanih zaklona. Multi-sensor station is mounted on
Daljinski upravljana oružna sta- telescoping turret of 4 m maximum
nica opremljena je nišanskim siste- height that permits surveillance from
mom na bazi termičke kamere, vehicle masked by natural of man-
CCD kamere i laserskog daljino- made covers.
mera, i naoružana mitraljezom kali- Remotely-controlled weapon sta-
bra 12,7 mm. tion employs sighting system with
Osnovni oklop vozila omogućava nivo thermal camera, CCD camera and
zaštite I po standardu STANAG 4569, laser range finder and armament
a modulima dodatnog oklopa nivo consisting of 12.7 mm machine gun.
zaštite se podiže na nivo II istog stan- Vehicle’s basic armor provides I lev-
darda. el protection according to STANAG
4569 standard; protection level, how-
ever, can be increased to II level by
add-on armor.

51
artiljerijski elektronski goniometar artillery electronic direction finder
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

Artiljerijski elektronski goniometar (AEG) je namenjen za: Artillery electronic direction finder (AEG) is designed to:
- obezbeđivanje podataka o zemaljskim ciljevima u - provide data on land targets in day time at distances
dnevnim uslovima na daljinama definisanim dometom laser- defined by the range of laser range finder RLD M93 which
skog daljinomera RLD M93 koji čini sastavni deo AEG; is an integral part of AEG;
- obezbeđivanje podataka o zemaljskim ciljevima u - provide data on land targets at night at distances
noćnim uslovima na daljinama definisanim dometom, opcio- defined by the range of optionally attached thermo vision
no, priključene termovizijske kamere; camera;
- određivanja sopstvenih koordinata i koordinata - determine own coordinates and coordinates of
osmatranih ciljeva; observed targets;
- praćenje (osmatranje) situacije na bojištu - osma- - monitor (survey) situation in the battlefield – sur-
tranje ciljeva, repera i poznatih tačaka i pada pogodaka sop- veillance of targets, reference points and known objects and
stvene artiljerije; points of impact by own artillery;
- topografsko geodetska merenja. - topographic-geodesic measuring.

Osnovne karakteristike AEG AEG main specification
AEG obezbeđuje: AEG provides:
- merenje uglova u horizontalnoj i vertikalnoj ravni - Measuring of angles in horizontal and vertical plane
(podela 1/6000, opciono 1/6400); (calibration 1/6000, optionally 1/6400);
- horizontalno polje laserskog daljinomera od 0 do 360o; - Horizontal field of view of laser range finder 0 to
- nišanjenje noću u uslovima koje obezbeđuje ter- 360o;
movizijska nišanska kamera. Uglovne vrednosti po pravcu i - Night sighting within limitations allowed by ther-
elevaciji iste kao u dnevnim uslovima; mo vision sighting camera. Angular values for azimuth and
- određivanje odstupanja pogodaka sopstvene arti- elevation identical to day time conditions;
ljerije radi izvršenja korekture; - Measuring of hit deviations by own artillery to enable
- automatska priprema poruke za slanje podataka fire adjustment;
računačkom odeljenju jedinice; - Automatic preparing of messages for sending of
- končanice termovizijske kamere i laserskog dalji- data to unit’s computing section;
nomera su spregnute; - Slaved reticles of thermo camera and laser range
- termovizijska kamera je nezavisan modul od laser- finder;
skog daljinomera; - Thermo vizion camera is independent module from
- AEG se preko interfejsa povezuje sa PDA ili tablet laser range finder;
PC računarom. - AEG has connecting interface for PDA or laptop
Aplikativni softver za artiljerijski elektronski goniometar computer.
obezbeđuje: Application software for artillery electronic direction find-
- inicijalizaciju hardvera i podrazumevanih vrednosti er provides:
parametara softvera mikrokontrolera u bloku elektronike; - Initiation of hardware and relevant software para-
meter values in micro-controller of elec-
tronics module;
- Generating of forms for data
downloading in electronics module;
- Presentation of relevant observa-
tion post position and orientation infor-
mation;
- Presentation of topographic data
on reference points, targets, known
objects in forms of polar and absolute
coordinates;
- Calculation and presenting of data
necessary for fire adjustment and fire
transfer to another target;
- Automatic data transfer to com-
puting section of artillery unit using
communications equipment connected
via USB port;
- Data transfer executed in TCP/IP
protocol;
- Entering of own position in the
event of GPS receiver failure;
- Entering of estimated target range
in the event of laser range finder failure;

52
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
- generisanje formi za - Calibration of digital
unos podataka u blok elektro- electromagnetic compass
nike; in eight points;
- prikaz relevantnih - Electromagnetic com-
podataka pozicije i orijen- pass data correction by
tacije osmatračke stanice; determining of “rectangu-
- prikaz topograf- lar north” based on rec-
skih podataka o reperima, tangular coordinates of
ciljevima, poznatih tačaka known points. Such cor-
u formi polarnih i apsolut- rection shall be used to
nih koordinata; systematically correct mea-
- izračunavanje i sured azimuth of electro-
prikaz podataka neophod- magnetic compass in its
nih za korekturu vatre, operating regime;
odnosno za prenos vatre na - Setting of changing para-
drugi cilj; meters required for equip-
- automatski pre- ment operation.
nos podataka do računa-
čkog odeljenja artiljerijske Laser range finder is exe-
jedinice preko sredstava cuted as external module
veze sa kojim se povezuje that is easily mechanically
preko USB porta; attached by “dovetail”
- prenos podataka se interface and electrically
obavlja preko TCP/IP protokola; connected to AEG via RS232 interface.
- unošenja stajne tačke u slučaju otkaza GPS pri-
jemnika; mobile radar
- unošenja procenjene daljine do cilja u slučaju otka-
za laserskog daljinomera; Mobile surveillance radars are designed for observation,
- kalibraciju digitalnog elktro-magnetnog kompasa u detection, coordinates measuring and identification of mov-
osam tačaka; ing targets in front and rear of enemy positions; for surveil-
- popravku podataka sa elktro-magnetnog kompasa lance of sea and river straits; for protection priority objects
kroz određivanje «pravoglog severa» na bazi n pravouglih (airfields, fire positions, depots, etc.); for border protection
koordinata poznatih tačaka. Ovom popravkom sistematski etc.
korigovati izmereni azimut digitalnog elektro-magnetskog According to designated missions, they are divided in:
komasa u radnom režimu, - Warning ground surveillance radars, usually light-
- postavljanje promenljivih parametara neophodnih weight portable units of short range with less accurate coor-
za rad uređaja. dinates measuring;
- ground surveillance radars with accurate measur-
Laserski daljinomer je rešen kao eksterni modul, koji se ing of coordinates, used to measure firing data and adjust-
lako mehanički spreže, preko mehaničkog interfejsa «lastin ments of artillery fire, therefore they are named artillery
rep« i električno povezuje preko RS232 interfejsa sa AEG. radars;
- radars for measuring fire position coordinates of
radar prenosni hostile mortars or howitzers.

Prenosni izviđački radar PR-15, ugrađen na višenamen- Mobile surveillance radar PR-15, mounted on multi-role
skom izviđačkom vozilu ''Kurjak'', je po konstruktivno teh- reconnaissance vehicle ''Kurjak'' is by its design and tech-
nološkim rešenjima potpuno nov radar u familiji prenosnih nological solution a completely new radar within the family
izviđačkih radara. of mobile surveillance radars.
On je tako koncipiran da se iz njega mogu izvesti pojed-
nostavljene verzije, skromnijih taktičko tehničkih moguć- PR-15 was conceived to enable development of its simpli-
nosti i zbog toga jeftinijih, a koji se mogu uklapati u zahte- fied derivatives of more modest, therefore less costly, tech-
ve potencijalnih kupaca. nical capabilities that meet customers’ specific requirements.
Radar je projektovan na bazi takozvane otvorene arhitek- Radar was developed around so-called open architecture,
ture i sa najnovijim programabilnim tehnologijama, koje će featuring latest programmable technologies that allow sub-
omogućiti kasnija usavršavanja u tehnološkom smislu i u sequent technical-technological upgrading and enhancing
smislu poboljšanja taktičko tehničkih mogućnosti, a sve zavi- of radar’s tactical-technical capabilities as required by poten-
sno od zahteva potencijalnih kupaca. tial users’ demands.
Maksimalna daljina otkrivanja čoveka u pokretu je 7 km,
vozila u pokretu 15 km i sporopokretnih letelica na 20 km Maximum detection range of moving human is 7 km, mov-
(visina od 0-1000 m). ing vehicle 15 km and of low speed aircraft 20 km (at alti-
tudes of 0-1000 m).

53
trendovi u trends in design
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

projektovanju i and equipping of
opremanjua sistema air defense
PVo potencijalnih systems
kupaca of Potential
buyers
Piše By
JolkićSlobodan JolkićSlobodan

mnoge zemlje u svetu, počev od onih najačih pa do onih numerous countries in the world, from the most power-
najslabih, opremaju svoje oružane snage za vazduhoplovna ful ones to the weakest, equip their armed forces for air and
i protivvazduhoplovna dejstva u skladu sa svojim strategi- air defense missions in keeping with their respective strate-
skim opredeljenjem po pitanju mogućih ratnih sukoba.Veoma gic objectives for the event of possible armed conflicts. Very
složeni zadaci koji proizilaze iz ovog opredeljenja nameću complex assignments arising from these objectives impose
stalnu potrebu usavršavanja sistema za dejstva u vazdu- the need for permanent upgrading of systems designed for
šnom prostoru. Novi operativno taktički postupci nemino- use in the air space. Novel operative and tactical procedures
vno prate razvoj i opremanje novim ofanzivno-defanzivnim inevitably follow development and acquisition of new offen-
sredstvima tako da ta stalna kretanja pokreću primenu naj- sive/defensive weapons and these ceaseless processes stim-
novih naučno–tehnoloških dostignuća u svetu. ulate application of latest scientific-technological achieve-
ments in the world.
in designing an air defense system with the
purpose of its modernization or introduction
of new systems, three basic indicators are
taken as starting premises:

- Model of adversary’s attack
- Character of air space engagements
- Available human and material resources of the country.

In keeping with above stated indices and current state of
combat readiness of own air defense systems, a program of
equipping and training armed force assets with air defense
equipment is undertaken. This assignment is implement-
ed by modernization of outdated systems and by procure-
ment of new systems, while permanently upgrading mili-
tary thinking in the field of air defense operations.
Yugoimport SDPR keeps constant watch over emerging
air defense equipment and upgrading of the types already in
service, including new applications for these systems, in war
as well as in peacetime.

1. assumed models of air assaults in war and
peace

1.1 In war conflicts

An adversary will endeavor to destroy air defense assets in
the earliest stage of conflict by offensive actions from the
air, in order to gain air supremacy. Initial hostile operations
will be concentrated on air warning and reporting systems
and on missile units of long and medium range.

54
Prilikom projektovanja sistema PVo u cilju

odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
modernizacije ili opremanja novim sredstvi-
ma polazi se od tri osnovna pokazatelja:

-Modela napada protivnika
-Karaktera dejstava u vazdušnom prostoru
-Raspoloživih ljudskih i materijalnih resursa države.

U skladu sa navedenim pokazateljima i trenutnim stanjem
borbene gotovosti sistema PVO, pristupa se opremanju i
obučavanju oružasnih snaga sredstvima PVO. Ovaj zadatak
rešava se modernizacijom zastarelih sistema i nabavkom
novih uz neprekidno usavršavanje vojne misli u oblasti pro-
tivvazduhoplovnih dejstava.
Jugoimport SDPR neprekidno prati razvoj novih sredsta-
va PVO i modernizaciju starih kao i najnovije načine upo-
trebe ovih sredstava kako u ratu tako i u miru.
In initial stage of conflict, adversary will use offensive long
1.Predpostavljeni modeli napada iz range weapons, including air-ground, sea-ground, ground-
vazdušnog prostora u ratu i miru ground missiles with ranges exceeding 200 km, i.e. from
positions where he is the least susceptible to counter action
1.1 U ratnim sukobima by attacked side.
Adversary’s munitions at that stage will most probably con-
Protivnik će na samom početku ratnog sukoba nastojati sist of homing types with pre-programmed flight routes, or
da uništi sistem protivvazduhoplovne odbrane te ofanzivnim directly guided systems with remote control and guidance.
dejstvima iz vazduha obezbedi prevlast u vazdušnom pro- Focus of enemy action will on radar and missile systems
storu. Svoja početna dejstva će koncentrisati na sistem VOJ- of longer ranges and on priority strategic facilities. Artillery
a i artiljerisko raketne jedinice velikog i srednjeg dometa. and missile systems of medium and short range will not rep-
U početku sukoba protivnik će koristiti sredstva za napad resent priority targets of the enemy in that stage of armed
velikog dometa i to rakete vazduh –zemlja, more- zemlja, conflict.
zemlja-zemlja dometa preko 200km, to jest iz zone gde će Upon completion of first phase, depending on results of
najmanje biti izložen dejstvu suprostavljene strane. combat engagement, the adversary will undertake massive
Sredstva protivnika će u toj fazi najverovatnije biti samo- assaults by fighter-bomber and bomber aviation (with fight-
navođena po unapred određenim putanjama leta ili nepo- er aircraft protection), against operative-strategic objects in
sredno vođena sistemima za daljinsku kontrolu i upravlja- the territory and troops of defender’s battle order.
nje.

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odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

Težište dejstva protivnika će biti po radarskim i raket- Opponent’s fighter-bomber and bomber aircraft will be
nim sistemima velikog dometa, i najvažnijim strategiskim armed with ordnance having maximum range up to 100 km
objektima. Artiljerisko raketni sistemi srednjeg i kratkog and lower destructive power and with ordnance of the range
dometa u toj fazi borbenih dejstava neće predstavljati pri- up to 30 km of high destructive power. All these air-launched
joritetne ciljeve. weapons will have precision guidance by different electron-
Po završetku prve faze u zavisnosti od rezultata borbenih ic systems.
dejstava protivnik će masovno upotrebiti lovačko-bombar- All enemy operations during the first and second phase
dersku i bombardersku avijaciju pod zaštitom lovačke avi- will be accompanied by powerful electronic measures aimed
jacije za dejstva po operativno-strategiskim objektima teri- at blinding defender’s radar systems, both surveillance and
torije i trupnim snagama borbenog rasporeda. air defense radars.
Lovačko-bombarderska i bombarderska avijacija biće nao- Missions will most likely undertaken at night and in late
ružana ubojnim sredstvima maksimalnog dometa do 100 km morning hours.
manje razorne moći i sredstvima maksimalnog dometa Third phase of enemy effort will depend on the results of
do30km velike razorne moći. Sva ova sredstva biće vrlo prec- two preceding phases and most likely it will include assault
izno vođena raznim elektronskim sistemima protivnika. by land forces. In such scenario, air operations will be lim-
Sva dejstva protivnika u prvoj i drugoj fazi napada biće pra- ited to the support of own land forces using airborne muni-
ćena jakim elektronskim dejstvima s ciljem zaslepljivanja tions of short range and high precision. Hostile aviation will
radaskih sistema kako iz sastava VOJ-a tako i radarskih siste- engage in low altitude attacks in the conditions of good vis-
ma iz sistema PVO oružija. ibility, probably in daytime, attacking defender’s land forces
Dejstva će najverovatnije preduzimati noćnim i jutarnjim in battle order.
časovima.
U trećoj fazi napada protivnik će u zavisnosti od rezulta- Throughout the conflict, battle for air superiority will con-
ta prve dve faze najverovatnije preduzeti napad kopnenim tinue, respectively battle to maintain gained air supremacy,
snagama.U tom slučaju dejstva iz vazduha ograničiće na therefore the emphasis of attacker’s air activities and defend-
podršku sopstvenih snaga ubojnim sredstvima kratkog er’s air defense will shift accordingly. Change of focus of air
dometa visoke preciznosti. U tom slučaju dejstvovaće sa launched attacks will directly affect selection of air launched
malih visina u uslovima dobre vidljivosti najverovatnije danju ordnance of different tactical-technical capabilities.
i to po borbenom rasporedu kopnenih snaga branioca.

56
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
Tokom sukoba neprikidno će se voditi borba za prevlast 1.2 Peace time situation
u vazdušnom prostoru odnosno borba za održavanje steče-
nog stepena prevlasti sukobljenih strana a u skladu sa tim In peaceful circumstances, air launched attacks of terror-
pomeraće se težište dejstva vazduhoplovnih snaga protivni- ist character will be undertaken, including the use of air cor-
ka i protivvazduhoplovnih snaga branioca. Pomeranje teži- ridors for smuggling of drugs and other prohibited goods,
šta borbenih dejstava iz vazduha neposredno će uticati i na even arms trafficking. For such situations, best suited are
promenu upotrebe ubojnih sredstava sa različitim taktičko- light and ultra-light aircraft and helicopters, in low profile
tehničkim mogućnostima. flights mostly performed at night.

1.2 U mirnodopskoj situaciji. 2. character of air space operations in war
and peace
U mirnodopskoj sistuciji izvodiće se napadi iz vazduha
koji imaju teroristički karakter kao i korištenje vazdušnih 2.1 In war conflict
puteva za šverc droge i drugih zabranjenih materija zaklju-
čno sa švercom oružija. U ovakvim situacijama koristile bi According to the model of air-launched attack, resulting
se lake i ultralake letilice ili helikopteri s niskim profilom operations in air space may have offensive and defensive
leta najčešće noću. character. If strategy is of defensive character, which is the
choice of the majority of countries in the world, it is manda-
2.Karakter dejstava u vazdušnom prostoru tory to possess air defense assets capable of countering offen-
u ratu i miru sive air weapons at long, then at medium and short distances.
Focus of air operations aimed at achieving air superiori-
2.1 U ratnom sukobu ty at long ranges, from the standpoint of defender, may be
gained or lost only by adversaries of roughly equal strength,
Prema modelu napada iz vazdušnog prostora neposredno possessing air defense assets for long ranges and high pre-
proizilazi karakter dejstava koji može da ima ofanzivni i cision, at the same time resilient to electronic countermea-
defanzivni karakter. Ako je opredelenje defanzivnog karak- sures.
tera, što predstavlja izbor većine zemalja u svetu, neopho-
dno je da se raspolaže sredstvima PVO koja su u stanju da

57
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

se suprostave sredstvima za napad iz vazdušnog prostora Lacking such defensive capabilities, the defender must
najpre na velikim zatim na srerdnjim i malim daljinama. shift his emphasis to medium and short ranges with the
Težište vazduhoplovnih dejstava za prevlast u vazdušnom object of preserving his air defense assets and his armed
prostoru na velikim daljinama sa stanovišta branioca mogu forces as a whole. This objective it is possible to achieve by
održati samo izjednačeni protivnici koji raspolažu odbram- skillful disposition of initial battle order, with intensive appli-
benim sredstvima PVO velikog dometa i velike preciznosti, cation of measures and procedures in operative-tactical mask-
istovremeno otporna na elektronska ometanja. ing that accompany the maneuver and engagements against
U nedostatku ovakvih odbrambenih sredstava branioc hostile air and land reconnaissance units. These hostile
mora težište dejstava da preseli na srednja i bliska rastoja- reconnaissance assets are usually within the range of defend-
nja tako što će sačuvati svoje protivvazduhoplovne snage, er’s weapons. Decisive role in that phase belongs to defend-
odnosno oružane snage u celini. To se postiže pogodnim er’s well-organized system of surveillance and reporting,
početnim borbenim rasporedom uz intezivnu primenu mera able to provide to the defender timely information on ongo-
i postupaka operativno-taktičkog maskiranja koje prati mane- ing air attack forces. This way, defender will be able to under-
var i dejstvo po protivničkim sredstvima iz viđanja sa zem- take maneuver is space and time and engage in defensive
lje i iz vazduha. Ova sredstva su najčešće u dometu bra- measures and procedures against air attack, that involve both
nioca. Presudnu ulogu u ovim momentima za branioca ima military and non-combat population.
dobro organizvan sistem VOJ koji će pravovremeno branio-
cu dati informaciju o sredstvima napada iz vazdušnog pro- Depending on power ratio between attacker and defend-
stora. Na taj način će mu obezbediti bezbedan manevar er and level of air superiority, for some time the focus of air
po prostoru i vremenu i omogućiti mu primenu mera i postu- warfare will be prominent at medium ranges and, with move-
paka zaštite od napada iz vazdušnog prostora kako borbe- ment of attacker’s land forces, it will change to close range.
nom tako i neborbenom delu stanovništa. Such shift of emphasis to close range results from the need
U zavisnosti od odnosa snaga napadača i branioca i stepe- for close air support to attacker’s land troops and entangle-
na prevlasti u vazdušnom prostoru težište vazduhoplovnih ment of defender’s and attacker’s forces.
dejstava jedno vreme će biti izraženo na srednjim rastoja-
njima a sa pokretanjem kopnenih snaga napadača težište se At medium ranges, medium range air defense missiles
premešta na bliska rastojanja. Ovo pomeranje težišta na bli- will dominate, positioned along the frontier on operitive-tac-
ska rastojanja uzrokovano je zahtevima neposredne vaz- tial directions of attack and fighter aviation. Such forces of
duhoplovne podrške kopnenim snagama napadača i izme- the defender will primarily relay on early warning and report-
šanosti snaga branioca i napadača. ing facilities and on detection systems based on passive sen-
sors (television, thermo vision, radio and acoustic surveil-
lance, etc.) for the purpose of electronic masking and imple-
mentation of ambush actions.

In final showdown between warring parties, prominence
will belong to close range air defense when low altitude air
defense weapons will play decisive role. Effectiveness of these
weapons will determine level of air support to land forces of
attacker as well as of defender and effectiveness of air sup-
port may well decide the outcome of war conflict.

2.2 In peace

In peacetime, character of air defense engagements is
reflected by activities of fighter aviation or light artillery-
rocket systems of air defense. These forces rely on early
warning and reporting within on-duty air defense system,
closely connected with civil structures of air traffic control.

In peacetime, airborne terrorist activities and trafficking
will take place at very low altitudes, placing special require-
ments primarily for air surveillance system because of dif-
ficulties in detection, continuous tracking and timely iden-
tification of trespassers.

Solution of this problem is seen in direct linking of early
warning and electronic state border protection systems.
Information from border belt in our case is gathered by opto-
electronic and radar devices designed for surveillance and
control of the state frontier and their performance enables
detection and tracking of aircraft at low altitudes.

58
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
3. available human and material resources
Na srednjim rastojanjima do izražaja će doći raketni siste-
of the state
mi protivvazduhoplovne odbrane srednjeg dometa koji će
biti razmešteni uz granicu na operativno-taktičkim pravci-
ma napada i lovačka avijacija. Ove snage branioca će se This matter, too, may be viewed with respect to peacetime
oslanjati prvenstveno na sistem VOJIN i sisteme otkrivanja and war situations. In any event, air defense forces in peace
zasnovanim na pasivnim senzorima (televizija ,termovizija, must be designed to ensure on-duty air surveillance/report-
radioizviđanje, akustika itd) u cilju elektronskog maskiranja ing system and permanent training and advancement of active
i realizaciji dejstava iz zasede. and reserve officers and other ranks.
Taking in consideration our model of air warfare, charac-
U konačan obračunu zaraćenih strana do izražaja će doći ter of missions and their effect on final outcome of conflict,
protivvazduhoplovna odbrana na bliskim rastojanjima. Od designing and equipping with new air defense assets and
efikasnosti ovih sredstava zavisi stepen vazduhoplovne podr- modernization of existing ones, represent necessary com-
ške kopnenim snagama, kako napadača tako i branioca a sna- promise for every country in respect of its human and mate-
ga te podrške najčešće je presudana za ishod ratnog suko- rial resources. Being that such effort causes major financial
ba. strain on the state and the society in general, this compro-
mise solution must be optimized.

59
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

2.2 U miru Described process is usually planed for a period of fifteen
years, during which parts of air defense are modernized while
U mirnodopskoj situaciji karakter protivvazduhlopno- other parts are replaced with new equipment.
vnih dejstava ogleda se u dejstvima lovačke avijacije ili
lakih artiljerisko raketnih sistema PVO. Ove snage se osla- 4. Yugoimport sdPr – integrator of defense
njaju na sistem VOJIN u okviru dežurnog sitema PVO industry in the field of air defense in the
uz tesnu povezanost sa civilnim strukturama kontrole republic of serbia
vazdušnog saobraćaja.
By monitoring supply and demand of air defense equip-
U miru, teroristička dejstva iz vazduha ili šverc vaz- ment in world markets, technological progress and changes
dušnim putevima izvodiće se na malim visinama najče- in the character of air warfare, Yugoimport SDPR had decid-
šće noću što postavlja posebne zahteve pre svega za sistem ed to offer to potential foreign customers close air defense
VOJIN, zbog otežanog otkrivanja, kontinualnog praće- weapons of indigenous production, as well as to modernize
nja i pravovremene identifikacije. air defense systems of medium range originated by major
Eastern and Western manufacturers.
Rešenje ovih zadataka vidi se u neposrednoj povezano- As a company owned by the Republic of Serbia, SDPR had
sti sistema VOJIN i elektronskog sistema koje obezbe- expanded its basic mission in recent years, from market-
đuje državnu granicu. Podatke osmatranja graničnog ing/commercial exponent of Serbian defense industry to sys-
pojasa u ovom slučaju obezbeđuje optoelektronska i radar- tem integrator embracing complex activities including mar-
ska sredstva namenjena za osmatranje i kontrolu drža- ket research, production development and sales of sophis-
vne granice čije performanse omogućavaju otkrivanje i ticated weapon systems and equipment, relying upon own
praćenje letilica na malim visinama. resources, defense industry resources and institutions of the
Ministry of Defense.
3.raspoloživi ljudski i materijalni resursi The area of air defense has kept prominent place in devel-
države opment and production programs of Serbian defense indus-
try for almost 60 years.
I ovo pitanje može se razmatrati u odnosu na mirno- Solid industrial base for development of this branch in
dopsku i ratnu sistuaciju. U svakom slučaju snage pro- arms production comprises defense production companies
tivvatduhoplovne odbrane u miru moraju biti prjektova- proper and equipment overhaul depots including the facil-
ne tako da obezbeđuju dežurni sistem PVO i neprekidno ities of the Republic of Srpska, plus metalworking and elec-
obučavanje i usavršavanje oficira i vojnika aktivnog i tronics factories having technological divisions specially
rezervnog sastava. adapted to manufacture subsystems, components or com-
plex assemblies of air defense systems.
Uzimajući u obzir model vođenja borbe u vazdušnom reference: close air defense
prostoru, karakter dejstava i njihov značaj za krajnji • Development and manufacture of the family of light
ishod rata, projektovanje, opremanje novim i moderni- AA guns 20/3 and 20/ 1 mm M55, M75 (army); 20/1 and 20/4
zacija starih sredstava PVO za svaku državu predstavlja mm M71 and M75 (naval); developed and mass-produced,
kompromisno rešenje u odnosu na ljudske i materijalne in service with our army and exported in large numbers.
resurse. Obzirom da se radi o značajanom finansiskom
naprezanju države ovo kompromisno rešenje mora biti
optiomalno.Taj proces uglavnom se planira za period od
petnestak godina u kome se deo sredstava PVO moder-
nizuje a deo zanavlja novim sredstvima.

4. jugoimport sdPr – integrator
odbrambene industruije u oblasti PVo
republike srbije

Jugoimport SDPR prateći ponudu i potražnju sredstava
PVO na svetskom tržištu, tehnološka dostignuća i promene
karaktera dejstava u vazdušnom prostoru opredelio se za
ponudu stranim kupcima sredstava niske PVO domaće proiz-
vodnje i modernizaciju sistema PVO srednjeg dometa veli-
kih proizvođača kako istočnog tako i zapadnog porekla.
Kao preduzeće u vlasništvu Republike Srbije poslednjih
godina proširuje svoju osnovnu misiju, od marketinško-
komercijalnog eksponenta Srpske odbrambene industrije
ka sistemskoj kući koja objedinjuje i zaokružuje kompleksne
procese istraživanja tržišta razvoja proizvodnje promocije i
prodaje složenih sredstava NVO a na osnovu integracije sop-
stvenih resursa sa resursima preduzeća odbrambene indu-
strije institucija i ustanova MO.

60
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
Oblast protivvazduhoplovne odbrane zauzima značajno • Development of twin-barreled self-propelled AA
mesto u razvojnim i proizvodnim programima srpske gun cal. 30/2 mm, (developed to prototype level).
odbrambene industrije približno 60 godina. • Acquisition of licensed production and upgrading
Solidnu industrijsku bazu za razvoj ove oblasti NVO pred- of shoulder-fired missile Strela 2M.
stavlja niz preduzeća odbrambene industrije u užem smi- • Acquisition of licensed production of self-propelled
slu, remontni kapaciteti, uključujući i kapacitete Republike missile system Sava/Strela 10.
Srpske kao i preduzeća metalnog i elektronskog kompleksa • Overhaul of air defense systems Strela 1, Strela 2M
čije su pojedine tehnološke celine posebno prilagođene proiz- and Strela 10.
vodnji podsistema, komponenata ili složenih sistema PVO. • Development of upgraded AA gun cal. 40 mm Bofors
(developed to prototype level).
reference niske PVo • Development of upgraded AA gun cal. 30 mm Praga
M53/59 (developed in first stage to mass production level;
• Razvoj i proizvodnja familija PA 20/3 i 20/ 1 mm in second stage to prototype level).
M55 M75 KOV i 20/1 i 20/4 mm M71 i M75 RM )razvijeni
do velikoseriske proizvodnje ,masovno uvedeni u naoruža- reference: medium and high altitude air
nje JNA i izvoženi u velikom broju. defense
• Razvoj dvocevnog PA topa samohodnog 30/2 mm
(razvijen do nivoa prototipa ) Acquisition of general overhaul and upgrading of the fol-
• Osvajanje proizvodnje po lincenci i modernizacija lowing AD missile systems:
lakog prenosnog raketnog sistema PVO Strela 2M.
• Osvajanje proizvodnje po licenci samohodnog siste- • Dvina / Volkhov
ma PVE SAVA/STRELA 10 • Neva / Pechora
• Remont sistema PVO Strela 1,Strela 2M i Srela 10 • Cube / Quadrate
• Razvoj modernizacije sistema 40 mm Bofors (raz- • Surveillance/acquisition AD radars of the “P” series
vijen do nivoa prototipa) (Russian made) and Western made radars types TPS-63,
• Razvoj modernizacije 30 mm M53/59 PRAGA (raz- TPS-70 and S-600.
vijen u prvoj fazi do nivoa seriske proizvodnje a u drugoj fazi • Conversion of air-air missiles into ground-air mis-
do nivoa prototipa) siles.

reference srednje i visoke PVo: With respect to management of defense equipment pro-
jects, designs and manufacturing, Yugoimport SDPR has
Osvajanje generalnog remonta i modernizacija raketnih available facilities for fabrication of functional models and
sistema PVO prototypes of AD equipment with competent manpower
• Dvina /Volhov experienced in maintenance, overhaul, development and pro-
• Neva /Pečora duction of air defense systems.
• Kub/Kvadrat
• Osmatračko-akviziciskih radatra PVO serije P, ruske
proizvodnje kao i radara zapadnog porekla TPS-63, TPS-70
i S-600.
• Konverzija raketa vazduh
–vazduh u zemlja-vazduh.

Vezano za vođenje projekta raz-
voja i proizvodnje sredstva NVO
Jugoimport-SDPR raspolaže sopstve-
nom bazom za izradu funkcionalnih
modela i prototipopva sistema
PVO, i kadrom sa značaj-
nim iskustvom u oblasti
održavanja, remonta
proizvodnje i razvoja
sistema PVO. Tokom pro-
teklog perida stečena su
značajna iskustva u uprav-
ljanju industrijskim resur-
sima, uspostavljene odgova-
rajuće veze sa isporučiocima
komponenata i gotovih sklopova
a u mogućnosti je da svojim finansi-
skim potencijalom servisira projekte razvoja i proizvo-
dnje.

61
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

Jugoimprt-SDPR poseduje brojne reference u ovoj In the past period solid experience has been acquired in
oblasti, kao što su projekat razvoja samohodnog arti- managing of industrial resources, establishing of relations
ljerijskog oruđa NORA-B/52 ili organizacoija proizvo- with suppliers of components and finished assemblies and
dnje aviona Lasta. our Company is able to employ its financial potentials to ser-
vice development and production programs.
Tokom proteklih 15 godina Jugoimport SDPR je u Yugoimport SDPR has numerous references in this field,
saradnji sa preduzećima domaće odbrambene industrije including development project of self-propelled artillery
, a pre svega za potrebe stranih korisnika razvio niz kon- weapon NORA-B/52 and organization of manufacture of
cepata i idejnih rešenja sistema PVO pre svega u obla- LASTA trainer aircraft.
sti modernizacije niske i srednje PVO. In the past 15 years Yugoimport SDPR, in cooperation with
U toku su tehnoekonomske analize idejnih projeka- Serbian defense equipment factories, had developed, pri-
ta i studija izvodljivosti za modernizaciju radarskih pre- marily for the needs of foreign users, a number of concepts
dajnika iz sistema VOJ na bazi hibridnih rešenja and preliminary designs for air defense systems, mostly in
(modulator poluprovodnički-predajnik cevni) u proši- the field of modernization of close and medium range AD
renom spektru za stranog naručioca. weapons.
Analyses of design concepts and feasibility studies are
Koncepcija ove modernizacije osmatračkih radara iz under way covering modernization of air defense surveil-
sistema VOJ je nabavka primarnog i sekundarnog lance radar transmitters, based on hybrid technology (semi-
radarskog predajnika kod stranog partnera, a proizvo- conductor modulator and tube transmitter) of expanded
dnja primarnog i sekundarnog radarskog prijemnika, spectrum. This project is for a foreign customer.
digitalnog signal procesora i podsistema za automat- The concept of this modernization of air defense sur-
sku obradu podataka VOJ na bazi dosadašnjih dosti- veillance radars includes procurement of primary and sec-
gnuća odbrambene industrije Srbije u oblasti radarske ondary radar transmitters from foreign supplier and pro-
tehnike. duction of primary and secondary radar receivers, digital sig-
nal processor and air defense information automatic data
Obzirom da su sredstva niske PVO niskobudžetska, processing subsystem, based on experience acquired in radar
zemlje sa skromnim materijalnim resursima i niskog technologies by the defense industry of Serbia.
tehnološkog nivoa sopstvene odbrambene industrije, Since close range air defense weapons require low bud-
prioritetno se opredeljuju za nabavku ovih sredstava, getary spending, countries with limited material resources
modernizaciju zastarelih sredstava VOJ i raketnih siste- and lower technological levels of own defense industries pri-
ma srednjeg dometa. Ovo opredeljenje je u skladu sa marily opt for procurement of these weapons; for modern-
aktualnim modelom napada i karakteru dejstava u vaz- ization of their outdated surveillance/acquisition equipment
dušnom prostoru . Jugoimport SDPR tu vidi izvoznu and medium range missiles. Such strategy is in line with
šansu odbrabene industrije Srbije i neprekidno poku- actual model of air assaults and character of air warfare.
šava da deluje kao faktor integracije zašto ima podršku Yugoimport SDPR takes note of such export opportunity for
i Vlade Republike Srbije. Serbian defense industry and makes relentless efforts as
integrating factor that enjoys full support of the Government
Dobrim izvoznim poslovima stvaraju se ljudski i mate- of Serbia.
rijalni resursi unutar odbrambene industrije i stvaraju Good export businesses create human and material
se mogućnosti optimalnog opremanja i modernizacije resources for the defense industry, at the same time creat-
sopstvenih snaga protivvazduhoplovne odbrane. ing the potential for optimal outfitting and modernization
of own air defense assets.

62
VojniK soldier of the

odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
bUdUĆnosti fUtUre “Vb-10”
„Vb – 10“
Piše By
StamenovIvan StamenovIvan

termin "vojnik budućnosti" ima moderni prizvuk, a u sušti- expression “Soldier of the Future” has connotation of
ni predstavlja deo permanentnog procesa poboljšanja spo- advancement; in fact it represents a stage in continuous pro-
sobnosti vojnika (pešadinca). cess of enhancing the capabilities of soldiers (infantrymen).
Projekat vojnik budućnosti u osnovi podrazumeva razvoj The Soldier of the Future project essentially comprises
borbenog sistema u funkciji modifikovanaja profila vojnika development of a combat system as a function of modified
pešadije i modifikovanja pešadijske taktike u uslovima savre- profile of infantrymen and of modified infantry tactics in
menog bojišta. present-day battlefield environment.
Naučno-tehnički progres, a posebno na području istraži- Scientific and technical progress, especially in the field of
vanja, razvoja i proizvodnje naoružanja i vojne opreme ima research, development and manufacture of arms and defen-
snažan i neprekidan uticaj na promene i fizionomiju vođe- se equipment, casts strong and permanent impact on chan-
nja ratova. Nova dostignuća u različitim oblastima nauke i ges and physiognomy of waging a war. New achievements in
tehnike omogućavaju kvantitativne i kvalitativne promene u different areas of science and technology enable quantitati-
razvoju i osavremenjavanju naoružanja, zaštitne i druge opre- ve and qualitative changes in development and advancement
me savremenog vojnika pešadije. U poslednjoj deceniji XX of weapons, protection and other equipment designed for
i tekućoj deceniji XXI veka pokrenut je veliki broj istraživa- present-day infantrymen. In the last decade of XX century
čko-razvojnih projekata u svetu sa ciljem razvoja pešadijskog and first decade of XXI century large number of research &
naoružanja i opreme koja će vojniku-pešadincu povećati bor- development programs have been inaugurated in develop-
benu efikasnost, autonomiju u izvođenju borbenih dejstava ment of infantry weapons and equipment aimed at enhan-
i mogućnost preživljavanja na bojištu. cement of combat effectiveness, autonomy in combat mis-
sions and survivability of infantry soldiers in the battlefield.
Industrijski najrazvijenije zemlje, a i mnoge druge, pokre- Industrially most developed nations and a number of other
nule su svoje programe vojnika budućnosti. Pojedini pro- countries, too, have started their programs for soldiers of
grami su već uveliko zaživeli, vojnici opremljeni najnovijim the future. Some of these programs are well under way and
sredstvima NVO i koriste ih u zonama ratnih sukoba ili miro- soldiers outfitted with latest weapons and military equip-
vnim operacijama u svetu. ment are already engaged in war conflicts and peacekeeping
operations in the world.

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odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

Mnogi nacionalni kontingenti učestvujući u različitim miro- Numerous national contingents taking part in various pea-
vnim operacijama kao što su npr. misije u Bosni i cekeeping missions, such as in Bosnia & Herzegovina,
Hercegovini, Avganistanu, Iraku i dr., dolazili su do novih Afghanistan, Iraq and elsewhere have gained insight and
saznanja i iskustava u primeni svoje vojničke opreme. Tako experience n use of their military equipment. Information
prikupljene informacije bile su od koristi timovima stru- gained that way is useful to teams of experts and incorpora-
čnjaka, koji su ih ugrađivali u razvojne projekte nove opre- ted in designs of new equipment for soldiers. This way, a
me vojnika. Na taj način pokrenut je krug razvoja, kon- cycle of development, construction, testing and use, as well
strukcije, ispitivanja, upotrebe i unošenja izmena na osno- as introduction of modifications based on experience gai-
vu stečenih iskustava. ned is taking place.
The Serbian Army initiated in early 1990-ies the project
Vojska Srbije početkom devedesetih godina XX veka pokre- entitled “Model of equipping infantrymen 21” which is cur-
nula je projekat “Model opremanja vojnika pešadije 21” koji rently in its final stage. Majority of weapons and equipment
se nalazi u završnoj fazi. Najveći deo sredstava NVO je usvo- has been approved and are in operative use.
jen i nalazi se u operativnoj upotrebi. Starting with the state of development of modern war tech-
nologies, characterized, among other points, by: massive
Polazeći od stanja razvoja savremene ratne tehnike koju application and dynamic development of optoelectronic sigh-
između ostalog karakterišu: visok stepen zastupljenosti i ting and surveillance devices, video and thermo vision tech-
dinamičan razvoj optoelektronskih nišanskih i osmatračkih nologies, communications equipment and information tech-
sprava, video i termovizijske tehnike, komunikacionih sred- nologies (battlefield digitalization) that provide almost full
stava, i sredstava informatičke tehnologije (digitalizacija boji- insight in battlefield situation in real time, rapid and relia-
šta) koja omogućava skoro potpun uvid u stanje na bojištu ble transmission of information, automation of control and
u realnom vremenu, brz i pouzdan prenos informacija, operative processes and control of fire and resources;
automatizaciju upravljačkih i operativnih procesa i uprav- modernization of weaponry, including application of balli-
ljanje vatrom i resursima. Uvođenjem balističkih računara, stic computers that allow reliable fire control, significantly
koji omogućavaju pouzdano upravljanje vatrom, znatno je improve the effectiveness of firing weapons; improvements
povećana efikasnost vatrenih sredstava, usavršena transpor- in transport equipment; development of protection equip-
tna sredstva, razvijena zaštitna oprema za zaštitu od uboj- ment from hostile fire and electronic protection; introduc-
nih sredstava i protivelektronske zaštite. tion of sophisticated weapon systems equipped with

64
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
Uvođenje složenijih sistema oružja u kojima su integrisa- integrated functions of control, firing, movement and pro-
ne funkcije upravljanja, vatre, kretanja i zaštite, kao i činje- tection, as well as the fact that development, upgrading,
nica da su razvoj, osavremenjavanje, ispitivanje, izmene i testing, modifications and additions of each such project are
dopune u svakom projektu ovakve vrste su imperativ napre- imperative for its progress, the experts of Jugoimport SDPR
tka. Stručnjaci “Jugoimport” SDPR su na osnovu raspoloži- have, based on available information on experiences gained
vih podataka o iskustvima korišćenim u svetu i kod nas pri- in the world and by ourselves, undertaken implementation
stupili izradi projektnog zadatka Vojnik budućnosti, “VB – of the project assignment Soldier of the Future (VB-10), in
10” sa ciljem osavremenjavanja pojedinih elemenata i pod- order to advance certain elements and subsystems of the
sistema iz projekta “Model opremanja vojnika pešadije 21” project “Model for equipping infantrymen 21” for the needs
za potrebe Vojske Srbije, razvoj novih podsistema posebno of Serbian Army, to develop new subsystems and to market
za jedinice specialne namene, kao i plasman novih rešenja new solutions with interested foreign partners.
zainteresovanim inopartnerima. Favoring technological-technical aspects over human fac-
Favorizovanje tehničko-tehnološkog u odnosu na ljudski tor is the reality of current armed conflicts. On the other
faktor je stvarnost savremenih ratnih sukoba. Međutim, bez hand, irrespective of such favoring, key to the outcome of
obzira na pomenuto favorizovanje, ključ ishoda svakog bor- every combat operation will remain in the hands of infantry.
benog dejstva i dalje će biti u rukama pešadije. Zauzimanje Conquering and holding of land area is and will remain the
i držanje prostora bio je i biće imperativ rata. imperative of a war effort. Infantry remains he synonym for
most numerous, most universal and most resilient branch
Pešadija je i dalje zadržala epitet najmasovnijeg, najuni- of an army, bearing the burden of responsibility as mainstay
verzalnijeg i najotpornijeg roda vojske, sa teškim bremenom of diverse combat missions coordinated with other branc-
odgovornosti da kao osnovni nosilac raznovrsnih borbenih hes and services, or supported by them, in maintaining the
dejstava u sadejstvu sa ostalim rodovima i vidovima, ili uz intensity and continuity of fighting on the entire theater
njihovu podršku, održava intenzitet i kontinuitet oružane of war and in most adverse conditions.
borbe na celom ratištu i u najtežim uslovima. Designing of “VB–10” in outfitting of infantrymen, sec-
tion commanders and platoon commanders, as well as desi-
Projektovanje “VB–10” za opremanje vojnika pešadije, gning of their equipment subsystems and components is
komandira odeljenja i komandira voda kao i podsistema i executed based on defined tactical-technical requirements
komponenata podsistema izvršeno je na osnovu definisanih for the level of combat power of infantry soldiers.
taktičko-tehničkih zahteva za nivo borbene moći vojnika The level of combat power of infantrymen according to
pešadije. project “VB-10” has been determined in order to achieve
Nivo borbene moći vojnika pešadije po projektu “VB – 10” the following objectives, among others: high effectiveness
koncipiran je tako da se između ostalog zadovolje sledeći in waging combat against all types of manpower, unprotec-
zahtevi: visoka efikasnost u vođenju borbe sa svim vrstama ted or protected with ballistic vests, within the zone of bar-
nezaštićenih i balističkim prslukom zaštićenih živih ciljeva rage fire as well as effective anti-armor defense at ranges up
u pojasu glavne zaprečne vatre, kao i efikasno vođenje POB to 400 m; higher fire accuracy and automation in preparing
na daljinama do 400 m; povećanje tačnosti gađanja i of firing data; increased firing accuracy on targets at night

65
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

automatizacija procesa pripreme elemenata za gađanje; pove- and in rapid opening of fire before bringing the rifle to shoul-
ćanje efikasnosti pogađanja ciljeva noću i pri brzom otvara- der support, ability to present targets and various informa-
nju vatre bez donošenja puške u zgib ramenana, kao i moguć- tion in real time; ensuring automatic rifle fire in different
nosti pokazivanja ciljeva i prikazivanje različitih informaci- positions and firing postures without taking conventional
ja u realnom vremenu; obezbeđenje gađanja puškom auto- firing position (line of sight between shooter’s eye, reticle
matskom iz različitih položaja i stavova za gađanje bez dono- of optical sight and target) i.e. firing behind cover (corner
šenja u zgib ramena i klasičnog nišanjenja (dovođenje u istu of building or above the head level) without exposing the
liniju strelčevog oka, končanice optičkog nišana i cilja), odno- shooter to enemy vision and fire, high efficiency in waging
sno gađanje iza zaklona (ugla zgrade) iz zaklona (iznad gla- combat in urban environment, ability to survey the area and
ve) bez direktnog izlaganja strelca-vojnika pešadinca pogle- point out targets, quick aiming with both eyes, firing from
du i vatri protivnika; visoka efikasnost u vođenu borbe u urba- the hip without direct aiming, quick transfer of fire; efficient
noj sredini, mogućnost osmatranja prostora, pokazivanja and rapid handling of all optoelectronic and communication
ciljeva, brzog nišanjenja sa oba oka, gađanje sa kuka bez equipment controls situated on rifle front hand grip and
neposrednog nišanjenja i brzog prenosa vatre; efikasno i brzo safe communications within the zone of combat operation
rukovanje sa svim optoelektronskim sistemima i sredstvi- (digitalization of battlefield), reliable detection of different
ma veze sa jedne konzole (prednjeg rukohvata) i sigurno irradiations in the battlefield and efficient protection from
održavanje veze u zoni izvođenja borbenih dejstava (digita- different types of contaminants, reliable ballistic protection
lizacije bojišta); pouzdana detekcija raznovrsnog zračenja from artillery shell and hand grenade fragments and small
na bojištu i efikasna zaštita od dejstva različitih kontamina- arms ammunition, availability of necessary combat resour-
nata; pouzdana balistička zaštita od parčadnog dejstva gra- ces, weapons and equipment and optimization of their car-
nata, bombi i streljačke municije; raspolaganje potrebnim rying, enabling soldiers to carry out continuous combat
borbenim resursima, naoružanjem i opremom i optimiza- actions without additional supply and with minimum psyc-
cija njihovog nošenja sa ciljem da vojnik može neprekidno, ho-physical strain.
bez dodatnog snabdevanja, izvoditi borbena dejstva pod mini- Project “V–10” comprises 4 subsystems: (weapons susb-
malnim psihofizičkim opterećenje. system; fire control and command and control subsystem;
subsystem for autonomous execution of combat missions;
Projekat “V–10” se sastoji od 4 podsistema (podsistem and subsystem for protection and survival in the battlefield).
naoružanja; podsistem za upravljanje vatrom, komandova- It contains the following subsystem elements: automatic rif-
nje i kontrolu; podsistem za obezbeđenje autonomnosti u le cal. 5.56 mm M21BS VB-10 (version for issuing to rifle-
men, infantry section commanders and platoon comman-
ders), optical sight integrated with laser target marker, CCD
camera and LCD monitor, passive sight of 2nd generation,
reflex sight, laser range finder, section commander’s com-
puter with GPS device, optoelectronic and radio equipment
controls mounted in rifle forward hand grip, platoon com-
mander’s computer with GPS device interfaced with con-
trol-information system, combat dress “RU V-10”, modu-
lar backpack “MR VB-10”, soldier’s helmet with adapters
“SV VB-10” and combat ballistic vest “PBB VB-10”.

soldiers' automatic rifle cal. 5.56 mm
m21bs .

Complexities of the 21st century battlefield require
infantry weapon of great capabilities, capable of relia-
ble functioning in most difficult terrain and weather
conditions.

Since automatic rifle cal. 5.56 mm М21A belongs to
well-known family of indigenous rifles in calibers 7.62
mm and 5.56 mm, system Kalashnikov, this weapon was
selected for reworking and outfitting with new optoe-
lectronic and sighting-observation devices, thus crea-
ting a weapon suitable for effective combat operation in
most adverse and extreme conditions imposed by
modern warfare.
Technical-technological innovations and improve-
ments incorporated in this model under project “VB-
10”, compared to solutions developed so far comprise
the following:
Attached to rear end of receiver is ergonomically adju-
stable polymer stock with cable holder, folding to the

66
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
izvršavanju borbenih zadataka; i podsistem za zaštitu i pre- right. Height adjustment of face pad on the stock is by
življavanje na bojištu). Obuhvata sledeće elemente pojedi- means of stock retainer disabling button, allowing up
nih podsistema: puška automatska 5,56 mm M21BS VB-10 and down movement in three positions. Shoulder sup-
(varijanta opremljena za vojnika, za komandira odeljenja i port of the stock incorporates rubber shock absorber.
komandira voda), nišan optički sa integrisanim obeležava- Stock transforms from extended (combat) position to
čem cilja laserskim, CCD kamera i LCD monitor, pasivni folded (traveling) position by simple depressing with
nišan II generacije, refleksni nišan, merač daljine laserski, right hand thumb the stock lock upwards and by folding
računar KO sa GPS uređajem, konzola (prednji rukohvat) the stock to the right. Return to combat position is by
sa tastarurom za upravljanje opto-elektronskim sredstvima pulling the stock to the left until lock engages, fixing
i radio uređajima, računar komandira voda sa GPS uređa- the stock in combat position.
jem uvezan u KIS, ratna uniforma “RU VB-10”, modularni Mounted to lower side of rifle barrel jacket is picca-
ranac “MR VB-10”, šlem vojnički sa adapterima “ŠV VB-10” tini rail to which forward hand grip is attached. Position
i prsluk borbeni balistički “PBB VB-10”. of forward hand grip is adjustable through piccatini rail
and securing device to suit soldier's comfort. Front side
automatska puška 5,56 mm m21bs za vojnika of the grip contains control buttons for optoelectronic and
communications devices. Front hand grip is removed in
Kompleksnost bojišta u 21.veku zahteva oružje za peša- order to fit under-barrel grenade launcher “BGP-40”.
dinca velikih mogućnosti, koje pouzdano funkcioniše i u naj- Optical sight bracket on Picatinny rail serves to mount
složenijim terenskim i klimatskim uslovima. optical sight with integrated laser target marker. Target
Pošto automatska puška 5,56 mm 21A pripada dobro poz- marker is activated by button fitted on forward hand
natoj familiji domaćeg oružja kalibra 7,62 mm i 5,56 mm, grip.
tipa Kalašnjikov, ista je izabrana za doradu i opremanje u Attached to top side of optical sight body is reflex sight. It
pogledu obezbeđenja uslova za ugradnju i integrisanje sa permits quick laying of the rifle on spotted target and aiming
novim optoelektronskim sistemima i nišanskoosmatračkim with both eyes open. Eyepiece of optical sight his built-in
spravama, čime omogućava izvođenje uspešnih borbenih CCD camera connected to LCD display. The camera tran-
dejstava u najsloženijim i najekstremnijim uslovima koje smits reticle and target image gathered by optical sight field
nameće moderno ratovanje. of view to LCD monitor. This additional equipment permits
infantryman to open fire in any position, by exposing only
Tehničko-tehnološke inovacije i poboljšanja koja su zastu- his weapon while the shooter remains under cover, invisi-
pljena kod ove puške po projektu „VB-10“ u odnosu na do ble to the enemy.
sada razvijena rešenja ogledaju se u sledećem: On left side of optical side bracket is articulated LCD
Na zadnju stranu sanduka je vezan ergonomsko podesiv poli- monitor mount with ball elbow. Articulated mount permits
merni kundak sa nosačem kablova, koji se preklapa na desnu keeping of LCD monitor in different positions, depending
stranu kondak je kraći za 4cm od standardnog rešenja. on the need, combat situation and kind of defilade shelte-
Podešavanje visine naslona za obraz na kundaku, vrši se pomo- ring the shooter. LCD monitor has option to record ongoing
ću dugmeta za isključivanje utvrđivača i obezbeđuje pomeranje action during the mission. Special adapter enables moun-
naviše ili naniže u tri položaja. Na osloncu za rame na kundaku ting the monitor on soldier's helmet, in front of left or right
je ugrađen gumeni amortizer. eye.

67
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
Kundak se iz otvorenog (borbenog položaja) u marševski (sklo- If required, CCD camera can be detached from optical
pljeni) položaj prevodi jednostavnim pritiskom palcem desne sight eyepiece. In such case, sighting is performed direct-
ruke na bravu kundaka naviše i zakretanjem kundaka u desnu ly with optical sight.
stranu. Vraćanje u borbeni položaj se vrši povlačenjem kunda-
ka u levu stranu, dok se brava automacki ne zabravi i fiksira kun- For night action and in conditions of limited visibility, pas-
dak u borbenom položaju. sive sight is fitted on the rifle. It is also possible to use pas-
Sa donje strane obloge cevi puške je ugrađena pikatini šina na sive telescope mounted on soldier's helmet and combined
koji se postavlja prednji rukohvat. Položaj prednjeg rukohvata with laser marker integrated with optical sight.
se preko pikatini šine i utvrđivača podešava prema potrebi voj- Automatic rifle, outfitted in all afore described configura-
nika. Na prednjem rukohvatu su ugrađeni tasteri za aktiviranje tions, can accept blast silencer and combat knife.
i upravljanje optoelektronskih sistema i sredstava veze. Prednji Automatic rifle M21BS equipped with wide range of optoe-
rukohvat se odvaja od puške prilikom postavljanja bacača gra- lectronic and other devices, in addition to reliable function
nata podcevnog „BGP 40 mm“. and precision of fire which are most essential properties of
Na nosač optičkog nišana preko pikatini šine postavljen je opti- this weapon, proven in most rigorous tests, its exceptional
čki nišan sa integrisanim obeleživačem cilja laserskim. Obeleživač durability, functionality and reliable handling and firing,
cilja laserski se aktivira pomoću tastera na prednjem rukohva- make it a very successful contender suitable for all condi-
tu. tions of modern warfare. So equipped automatic rifle repre-
Sa gornje strane na telu optičkog nišana utvrđen je refleksni sents general-purpose weapon for infantrymen, as well as
nišan. Refleksni nišan omogućava brzo dovođenej puške u prav- for members of special forces and the police.
cu uočenog cilja i nišanjenje sa oba otvorena oka. Na okularu
optičkog nišana ugrađena je CCD kamera koja je povezana sa automatic rifle cal. 7.62x51 mm m21bs
LCD monitorom. Kamera prenosi sliku končanice i cilja iz vid- for soldiers
nog polja optičkog nišana na LCD monitor. Ovaj dodatak pru-
ža mogućnost vojniku da otvori vatru iz bilo kojeg pološaja istu- Section commander (according to requirements of users)
rajući samo pušku iza zaklona pri čemu se ne izlaže pogledu i may be armed with automatic rifles cal. 7.62 mm M70;
vatrenom dejstvu protivnika. 7.62x51 mm M77 ABX NATO or with cal. 5.56 mm M21A.
Sa leve strane na nosaču optičkog nišana postavljen je zglo- Automatic rifle cal. 7.62x51 mm M77 ABX NATO inten-
bni nosač monitora sa kuglastim laktom i LCD monitor. Zglobni ded for section commanders is equipped with sighting-obser-
nosač omogućava postavljanje LCD monitora u različite polo- vation and optoelectronic devices in keeping with missions
žaje u zavisnosti od potrebe, borbene situacije i vrste zaklona entrusted to section commanders.
iza kojeg se nalazi vojnik. LCD monitor ima mogućnost sni- Attached to rear end of receiver is telescoping adjustable
manja akcije izvršenja zadatka vojnika. Minitor se može prema polymer stock, fixed in two positions (front-short and rear-
potrebi postaviti i na šlem vojnika ispred levog ili desnog oka extended).
pomoću specijalnog adaptera. Instead of customary wooden lining for gas cylinder, the
Prema potrebi CCD kamera se može odvojiti od okulara opti- rifle features aluminum alloy lining with Picatinny rail that
čkog nišana. U tom slučaju nišanjenje se vrši neposredno opti- permits mounting of various optoelectronic devices accor-
čkim nišanom. ding to customers' needs.
Za dejstvo noću i u drugim uslovima ograničene vidljivosti na To lower side of Picatinny rail lining forward hand grip,
pušku se postavlja pasivni nišan. Može se koristiti i pasivni mono- provided with adjustable pods is attached. Pods provide rif-
kular koji se postavlja na šlem vojnika u kombinaciji sa integri- le stability when laser range finder is used, also serving as
sanim laserskim obeleživačem cilja na optičkom nišanu. support when firing in various postures. By depressing a but-
Puška je opremljena lakđim plastičnim okvirima. Na bočnim ton, pods transfer from traveling to combat position (being
stranama okvira nalaze se otvori za kontrolu broja metaka u okvi- pulled out from hand grip).
ru. Postoji mogućnost spajanja dva okvira Mounted and attached to right-hand side of Picatinny rail
Puška automatska sa svim napred navedenim konfiguracija- is laser range finder, designed to measure ranges up to 2000
ma može da prihvati prigušivač picnja i borbeni nož. m. It is cable connected to power supply and commander’s
Pušku automatsku M21BS opremljenu širokim dijapazonom computer.
optoelektronskih i drugih sistema pored pouzdanosti funkcio- Laser range finder is a compact, low weight device, of low
nisanja i preciznosti gađanja kao najbitnijih odlika puške koje consumption and high operating autonomy; its measuring
su potvrđene kroz ekstremna ispitivanja, kao i njena izuzetna range matches the limits of use of infantry weapons, it is
izdržljivost, funkcionalnost i pouzdanost za rukovanje i gađanje, characterized by high precision of ranging and it may be
čine je još uspešnijom i primenljivom u svim uslovima moder- interfaced with other fire control equipment and subsystems.
nog ratovanja. Ovako opremljena automatska puška je univer- Laser range finder is linked to computer, equipment for spa-
zalno oružje, ne samo za vojnike pešadije nego i za pripadnike tial positioning and communication equipment.
specijalnih jedinica vojske i policije. Data of measured range to designated target are fed to
spatial positioning device that automatically determines tar-
automatska puška 7,62x51 mm m21bs za get's coordinates. So acquired target data are passed on via
vojnika communications system to other users in the unit (section)
to open fire and anihillate the target.
Komandir odeljenja (prema zahtevu korisnika) može biti Optical sight support mounts optical sight, integrated with
naoružan puškom automatskom 7,62 mm M70; 7,62x51 mm reflex sight. Optical sight is provided with tritium illumina-
M77 ABX NATO ili 5,56 mm M21A. ted reticle that allows successful firing on different targets

69
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

Puška automatska 7,62x51 mm M77 ABX NATO name- at ranges of up to 800 m in daytime, or in conditions of limi-
njena komandiru odeljenja opremljena je nišanskoosmatra- ted visibility when target is illuminated or detected by firing
čkim i optoelektronskim uređajima u skladu sa zadacima flash.
koje obavlja komandir odeljenja.
Na zadnju stranu sanduka ugrađen je teleskopski podesiv Reflex sight enables quick rifle aiming in the direction of
polimerni kundak, koji ima dva položaja (prednji-kraći i spotted target and sighting with both eyes open. It is used
zadnji-duži). for rapid opening of fire at shorter distances and in firing on
Umesto uobičajene drvene obloge gasnog cilindra na pušku moving targets.
je ugrađena obloga od aluminijumske legure sa pikatini šina- Cable holder houses all cables connecting optoelectronic
ma sa donje, gornje, leve i desne strane. Obloga sa pikatini devices, information-communication equipment, computer
šinama omogućava postavljanje različitih optoelektronskih and power supply, it provides cable protection and flexibili-
uređaja na pušku prema potrebi korisnika. ty as well as safe operation of systems and weapon. Cable
Sa donje strane obloge na pikatini šinu postavljen je pred- holder is made of water resistant materials and provided with
nji rukohvat sa teleskopski podesivim nožicama. Nožice obez- attachments securing it to the rifle and ballistic vest.
beđuju stabilnost puške prilikom rada sa laserskim mera-
čem daljine i služe kao naslon pri gađanju iz različitih sta- For night operations and other conditions of limited visi-
vova. Nožice se jednostavno pritiskom na dugme prevode iz bility, optical sight is replaced with passive sight or passive
marševskog u borbeni položaj (izvlače se iz rukohvata). telescope. Passive sight is mounted on support of optical
Sa desne strane obloge na pikatini šinu je postavljen i utvr- sight; passive telescope is attached to soldier's helmet.
đen laserski merač daljine. Laserski merač daljine je name-
njen za merenje daljine do 2000 m. Kablom je povezan sa
izvorom za napajanje i računarom komandira. c4inf@ntry
Development of C4Inf@ntry command-information
system represents an integral part of VB-10 Project. The
Laserski merač daljine se odlikuje: malom masom i gaba- basic task of the C4Inf@ntry is unobstructed flow of
ritom; malom potrošnjom; visokom autonomijom rada; the information between squad and wing commanders
mogućnošću merenja daljine u granicama upotrebe strelja- of infantry units, as well as substantial increase of the
čkog naoružanja; visokom preciznošću u određivanju dalji- level of situation awareness in order to optimize the use
ne i mogućnošću postavljanja i povezivanja sa ostalim ure- of available resources. The system "open type" structu-
đajima i podsistemima za upravljanje vatrom. re enormously eases further technical-technological

70
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
Merač daljine laserski je povezan sa računarom, uređajem improvements, first of all by follow-up of the trends of
za pozicioniranje u prostoru i uređajem veze. Podaci o izme- the development of components, and through mea-
renoj daljini do zadatog cilja prosleđuju se na uređaj za pozi- ningful interaction of „user friendly“ software solutions.
cioniranje u prostoru koji automatski određuje koordinate The working team of Yugoimport-SDPR analyzed con-
cilja. Tako određeni podaci za cilj prenose se preko uređa- temporary world solutions when defining tactical and
ja veze na ostale korisnike u jedinici (odeljenju) radi otva- technical requests for command-information system, as
ranja vatre i uništenja zadatog cilja. well as possible application of such systems at modern
Na nosač je postavljen optički nišan na kome je integrisan battlefield. The most important features of the system
refleksni nišan. Optički nišan ima tricijumsko osvetljenje were safety, ergonomics and simplicity of the use of the
končanice i omogućava uspešno gađanje različitih ciljeva na system without any „information blocking“. The wing
daljinama do 800 m danju i u uslovima ograničene vidljivo- commander is equipped with reinforced robust porta-
sti kada je cilj osvetljen ili se otkriva bljeskom pucnja. ble computer which, with appropriate software support,
Refleksni nišan omogućava brzo donošenje puške u prav- offers the possibility of continuous automatic updating
cu uočenog cilja i nišanjenje sa oba otvorena oka. Koristi se of positions of subordinate units on the display, thus
prilikom brzog otvaranja vatre na kraćim odstojanjima i pri offering true possibility of „Blue Force Tracking“ func-
gađanju pokretnih ciljeva. tion which is becoming irreplaceable in all contempo-
Nosač kablova namenjen je da objedini sve kablove za pove- rary operations. Namely, unambiguous information on
zivanje optoelektronskih sistema, informaciono-komunika- the position of own units in real time and space is „sine-
cionog sistema, računara i izvora za napajanje, da zaštiti qua-non“ of planning and performing of operations of
kablove, obezbedi fleksibilnost i sigurnost pri rukovanju i all modern armies. The BFT function of the C4Inf@ntry
upotrebi sistema i oružja. Izrađen je od vodootpornog mate- relays on the use of high precision GPS receivers inte-
rijala i na krajevima ima ugrađene utvrđivače za spajanje sa grated in portable computers class „handheld“ which,
puškom i balističkim prslukom. connected to reliable communication means and power-
Za dejstvo noću i u drugim uslovima ograničene vidljivo- ful graphic tools, provide simple display of the position
sti umesto optičkog nišana koristi se pasivni nišan ili pasi- of the troops, and which may be integrated into diffe-
vni monokular. Pasivni nišan se postavlja na nosač optičkog rent formats of digital maps. Besides this one, the system
nišana, a pasivni monokular na šlem vojnika. also has the function of detection and tracking of ene-
my targets, where application of the existing target libra-
c4inf@ntry ries practically enables distribution of the information
on newly discovered target in real time to a higher com-
Integralni deo projekta „VB-10“ predstavlja razvoj koman- mand that decides on further proceedings.
dno-informacionog sistema C4Inf@ntry, čiji je osnovni zada- Bearing in mind that the basic characteristic of real
tak neometani protok informacija između komandira voda i conditions of modern combat operations is fast action,
komandira odeljenja pešadijskih jedinica kao i značajno uve-
ćanje nivoa situacione svesnosti u cilju optimalnog iskori-
šćenja raspoloživih resursa. Arhitektura sistema „otvorenog
tipa“ značajno olakšava dalja tehničko-tehnološka unapre-
đenja, pre svega prateći trendove razvoja na nivou kompo-
nenti, ali i kroz smislenu integraciju „user friendly“ soft-
verskih rešenja. U sklopu definisanja taktičko-tehničkih zah-
teva komandno-informacionog sistema, radni tim
Jugoimport-SDPR analizirao je savremena svetska rešenja
iz ovog domena, kao i analizu upotrebe ovakvih sistema na
savremenom bojištu. Akcenat je stavljen na pouzdanost, ergo-
nomičnost i jednostavnost upotrebe bez pojave „informa-
cionog zagušenja“. Komandir odeljenja opremljen je ojača-
nim, robusiranim prenosnim računarom, koji opremljen
odgovarajućom softverskom podrškom pruža mogućnost
kontinuiranog automatskog ažuriranja prikaza položaja pot-
činjenih jedinica, čime se uistinu pruža mogućnost „Blue
Force Tracking“ funkcije, koja postaje nezaobilazna u svim
modernim operacijama. Odnosno, nedvosmislena informa-
cija o položaju sopstvenih jedinica u vremenu i prostoru je
„sine-qua-non“ planiranja i izvođenja operacija svih moder-
no orijentisanih armija. C4Inf@ntry funkciju BFT realizu-
je oslanjajući se na korišćenje GPS prijemnika visoke
preciznosti integrisanih sa prenosnim računarima klase
„handheld“, koji u sprezi sa pouzdanim komunikacionim
sredstvima i moćnim grafičkim alatima osiguravaju jedno-
stavan prikaz položaja trupa, koji može biti integrisan sa raz-
ličitim formatima digitalnih karata. Pored ove, prisutna je i
funkcija otkrivanja i praćenja neprijateljskih ciljeva gde se,

71
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies

and besides a number of predefined messages, the exc-
hange of so called text messages similar to SMS mes-
sages in mobile telephony is also provided which addi-
tionally eases the use of this system. In addition to clas-
sical commands transmitted in digital format, the squad
commander may assign to his subordinates a mission
that includes the task, itinerary and available resources.
Relaying on sophisticated information technologies
provides for follow-up of the realization of complete task
in real time thus providing the conditions for optimum
response to new situations. Apart from special units and
fast reaction units, the C4Inf@ntry may also be used by
peace-keeping units without any or with minor modifi-
cations, as well as by the units specialized for convoy
escort, and by special units of other branches of the
army.

ballistic combat vest “Pbb Vb-10”

korišćenjem postojećih biblioteka ciljeva, praktično u real- The concept of ballistic combat vest “PBB VB-10” has
nom vremenu omogućava distribucija informacije o novoot- resulted in reduced mass, better freedom of soldier move-
krivenom cilju višoj komandi koja donosi odluku o daljem ment, reduced body overheating and provision of modular
postupanju. Imajući u vidu realne uslove vođenja savreme- holders (cases) and vest attachments for a range of resour-
nih borbenih operacija, sa brzim tempom izvođenja kao osno- ces depending on assigned missions.
vnim svojstvom, pored čitavog niza već definisanih poruka Optimization of protective surfaces of the vest: front, rear,
omogućena je i razmena tzv. kratkih tekstualnih poruka nalik side up to spherical shoulder protection area, are particu-
SMS porukama u mobilnoj telefoniji, čime je dodatno ola- larly important parameters that dictate soldier’s ability to
kšana upotreba. Pored klasičnih komandi, koje se prenose move and to assume natural body postures – in combat situa-
u digitalnom formatu, komndir voda svojim potčinjenima tion when taking different positions for firing and taking of
može da zada i misiju, koja uključuje zadatak, maršrutu kre- cover, when using motor vehicles, conducting different mis-
tanja i raspoložive resurse. Oslanjanjući se na savremene sions in urban environments, as well as during long marc-
informacione tehnologije, omogućeno je praćenje realizaci- hes.
je zadatka u realnom vremenu, čime se stiču uslovi opti- Ballistic combat vest “PBB VB-10”is designed for opti-
malnog reagovanja na novonastalu situaciju. Pored specijal- mized body disposition, for combat use of all elements of
nih jedinica kao i jedinica za brzo reagovanje, C4Inf@ntry weaponry, military equipment and combat resources issued
se bez ili sa malo modifikacija može koristiti u mirovnim to soldiers and commanding officers of infantry branch.
jedinicama, specijalizovanim jedinicama za praćenje konvo- Combat vest is designed for protection of body vital parts
ja kao i jedinicama posebne namene drugih rodova. (chest, abdomen, groin, shoulder and upper arm joints) from
artillery shell and hand grenade fragments and from regu-
Prsluk borbeni balistički “Pbb Vb-10” lar pistol/revolver bullets including caliber 9 mm and .44
Magnums. Vest without protective ballistic plate does not
Konceptom prsluka borbenog balističkog “PBB VB-10” offer protection from rifle bullets or sharp objects (knife,
dobija se smanjenje mase, povećanje slobode pokreta vojni- crossbow, etc.)
ka, smanjuje mogućnost pregrevanja tela uz mogućnost Protective ballistic plates provide protection from regular
modularnog korišćenja nosača (futrola) resursa u zavisno- projectiles fired from submachine guns, automatic rifles,
sti od misije. carbines and sniper rifles (as per NIJ STD 01.01.04 stan-
Optimizacija veličine zaštitne površine prsluka borbenog dard) and from cal. 5.56 mm SS109 NATO bullets impac-
balističkog počev od prednje, zadnje, bočne do sferne zašti- ting plate covered areas.
te ramenog pojasa posebno je značajan parametar jer utiče If requested by end user, it is possible to fit protective bal-
na pokretljivost vojnika i zauzimanje prirodnog položaja tela listic plates that offer even higher level of protection .
kako u borbenoj situaciji prilikom zauzimanja različitih sta-
vova i zaklona za gađanje, korišćenja motornih votila, izvr- Ballistic vest mantle has symmetrically sewn straps over
šavanja različitih zadataka u urbanoj sredini tako i pri dugo- entire surface of its front, back and shoulder protectors that
trajnom marševanju. allow modular disposition and attaching of mobile cases for
Prsluk borbeni balistički “PBB VB-10” namenjen je za storing of equipment and resources carried by soldier.
optimalno raspoređivanje na telu, prenošenje i borbenu Simplified putting on the vest also allows its quick and sim-
upotrebu svih delova naoružanja, vojne opreme i borbenih ple taking off, together with all resources, when needed.
resursa koji po materijalnoj formaciji pripadaju vojniku-sta- According to customer’s requirements, it is possible to design
rešini roda pešadije. Takođe, namenjen je za zaštitu vital- and produce desired number of carrying cases customized
nih delova tela (grudni koš, trbušni i preponski deo, kao i for the gear carried on or attached to ballistic vest.
ramene zglobove i nadlaktice) od parčadnog dejstva grana- Provision is made to fit bracket for water bottle, for sol-
ta i bombi i običnih zrna ispaljenih iz pištolja i revolvera dier’s body cooling system for extremely high temperature

72
odbrambene tehnologije - defence technologies
zaključno sa kalibrom 9 mm i .44 Magnum. Prsluk bez bali- environment and body warming system for use in extreme-
stičke zaštitne ploče ne štiti od puščane municije i oštrih ly low temperatures or riding in armored vehicles in winter
predmeta (bodež, samostrel i sl.). time.
Zaštitne balističke ploče pružaju zaštitu od običnih zrna In cooperation with foreign partners, provision is made to
ispaljenih iz automata, automatskih pušaka, karabina i snaj- build-in different antenna systems in ballistic vests.
perskih pušaka (po standardu NIJ STD 01.01.04) i od zrna
5,56 mm NATO SS 109 na mestima koja su pokrivena tim Results of internal testing confirm that “VB-10” vests, in
pločama. their functionality and quality, are comparable to similar
U zavisnosti od zahteva korisnika mogu se ugraditi bali- units in service with other modern armies.
stičke zaštitne poloče i većeg nivoa zaštite. Some of their components were developed and produced
Na plaštu balističkog prsluka su ušivene simetrično raspo- by companies of indigenous defense industry. Other com-
ređene gurtne na celoj površini prednjice, leđa i ramenih ponents were developed and produced by Jugoimport SDPR
štitnika, koje omogućavaju modularno raspoređivanje i kače- plants which are responsible for integration of specific sub-
nje mobilnih futrola za smeštaj opreme i resursa koje nosi systems and finalizing of “VB-10” product.
vojnik. Pojednostavljivanjem oblačenja prsluka, obezbeđe-
no je brzo i jednostavno skidanje prsluka sa svim resursima All “VB-10” subsystems are technically viable, functiona-
u slučaju potrebe. Prema zahtevu korisnika dizajnira se i lly acceptable to soldiers and by their characteristics com-
izrađuje željeni broj futrola prilagođenih sredstvu ili opre- parable to similar systems in service with armies of leading
mi koja se u njima smešta i kači na balistički prsluk. countries.
Predviđena je ugradnja nosača posude za vodu, sistema za
rashlađivanje tela vojnika prilikom korišćenja u uslovima According to customer needs, ballistic vests are produced
ekstremno visokih temperatura, kao i sistema za dogrevanje in different colors and design patterns (digital, camouflage,
tela vojnika prlikom dejstava na ekstremno niskim tempe- single color, etc.).
raturama i u borbenim vozilima u zimskim uslovima.
U saradnji sa inopartnerom pred-
viđena je ugradnja različitih inte-
gralnih antenskih sistema u balisti-
čki prsluk.
Rezultati internih ispitivanja “VB-
10” pokazuju da se sistem po funk-
cionalnosti i kvalitetu može porediti
sa sličnim sistemima razvijenim u
drugim savremenim armijama sveta.
Za potrebe specialnih jedinica raz-
vija se model “VB10S” u koji spada
prsluk borbeni balistički “PBB-
VB10S” koji se odlikuje malom
masom i velikom funkcionalnošću.
Moduarnog je tipa i dizainiran da se
u slučaju potrebe vojnik može oslo-
boditi jednim potezom. U komletu
opreme“VB10S” razvijena je special-
no dizajnirana uniforma sa maskir-
nom i urabanom šarom, crne i bele
bojekao i speciani taktički ranac.
Jedan deo komponenti je razvijen i
proizveden u preduzećima domaće
odbrambene industrije. Deo kompo-
nenti je razvijen i proizveden u pogo-
nima Jugoimport SDPR u kojima se
vrši i integrisanje pojedinih podsi-
stema i finalizacija proizvoda “VB-
10”.
Svi podsistemi “VB-10” su tehni-
čki izvodljivi, funkcionalno prihvatljivi
za vojnika i po karakteristikama upo-
redivi sa sličnim sistemima u armi-
jama vodećih zemalja.
Prema zahtevu korisnika balistički
prsluk se izrađuje u različitim boja-
ma i dezenima (digitalna, maskirna,
jednobojna i sl.).

73
ZNAČAJ THE IMPORTANCE
KVALITET - qUALITY

INFORMATIKE U OF INFORMATICS IN
POSLOVANJU BUSINESS
JUGOIMPORT-SDPR OPERATIONS OF
YUGOIMPORT-SDPR
Piše By
SlobodanKrstić SlobodanKrstić

U današnje vreme informacija postaje presudan resurs, pa Nowadays information has become crucial resource; there-
efikasnost i produktivnost direktno zavise od posedovanja i fore, the efficincy and productivity depend directly on pos-
analize informacija. Informacione i telekomunikacione teh- sessing and analysis of the same. Thus, information and
nologije zbog toga igraju veoma značajnu ulogu na global- telecommunication technologies play very important role on
nom nivou. global level.

Jugoimport-SDPR je na vreme uočio značaj pravo- Yugoimport-SDPR has timely envisaged the importance
vremenog i pravilnog informisanja za povećanje efi- of correlation between due and proper information and the
kasnosti svog poslovanja i u skladu s tim značajno ula- increase of his efficiency in business operations, substan-
gao u one resurse koji na najbolji način tome dopri- tially investing in the resources which contribute to that
nose. Ulaganje u informatičke resurse je oduvek za effect. The investvent in informatic resources has always
naše preduzeće bilo od velike važnosti. Značajna fina- been of vital importance for our company. For many years
sijska sredstva se godinama planiraju i realizuju u cilju substantial financial means have been planned and spent
osavremenjivanja informaciono-komunikacionih teh- both on modarnization of all aspects of information and com-
nologija u svim aspektima, ali i u konstano jačanje IKT munication technologies, as well as in constant strengthen-
ljudskih resursa i podizanje sveopšte informatičke ing of the manpower for information and communication
pismenosti zaposlenih kao dela unapređenja korora- technologies and the increase of total informational literacy
tivnog znanja preduzeća. of the employees of Yugoimort-SDPR as a part of the
improvement of corporative knowledge of our company.
Jugoimport-SDPR raspolaže respektibilnim infor-
matičkim kapacitetima i savremenim procesno ori- Yugoimport-SDPR possesses respectable informational
jentisanim informacionim sistemom koji je u svakom capacities and modern information processing system which
trenutku sposoban da se na osnovu zahteva sistema may be quickly and flexibly adjusted at any moment depend-
menadžmenta kvalitetom, zahteva pojedinih poslovnih ing of the requirements of the quality management system,
procesa i celog poslovnog sistema, veoma brzo i fle- as well as on the requirements of certain business process-
ksibilno prilagodi tim zahtevima omogućujući inte- es and the processes of the complete business system, thus
graciju novih funkcionalnosti i generisanje najmero- enabling integration of new functionalities and generation
davnijih poslovnih izveštaja u skladu sa utvrđenom of the most authoritative business reports in accordance with
metodologijom poslovne biznis inteligencije predu- the established methodology of business intelligence of the
zeća. company.

Informacioni sistem The informational system of
Jugoimport-SDPR je proizvod Yugoimport-SDPR is the product
IKT stručnjaka i svih zaposle- of his experts for information and
nih Jugoimport-SDPR. On je communication technolgies and all
razvijan postepeno i u skladu of the employees of Yugoimport-
sa poslovnim bićem SDPR. It has been developped
Jugoimport-SDPR. On nije gradually and in accordance with
tvorevina spolja kojoj bismo business entity of Yugoimport-
morali da se prilagođavamo, SDPR. It does not represent an
već je od samog začetka unu- external product to which we
trašnji proizvod koji je rastao should adjust ourselves. From the
i razvijao se onako kako smo se very beginning it has been an inter-
nal product which has developped

74
KVALITET - qUALITY
i mi razvijali, kako smo mi razmišljali i hteli. together with our company, the way we ouselves pondered
Informacioni sistem Jugoimport-SDPR je u stalnom over it and wanted it. The informational system of
procesu unapređenja. Taj razvoj nikada ne prestaje. Yugoimport-SDPR is constantly improved. The develop-
Unapređenje sveopšteg poslovanja preduzeća i rast ment of the same represents a never ending process. The
profita su uzročno-posledično povezani sa daljim raz- improvenet of overall business operations of Yugoimport-
vojem informacionog sistema i svih ostalih informati- SDPR and the growth of his proffit are `cause and effect`
čkih resursa i korporativnog znanja Jugoimport-SDPR. connected with further development of his informational
system as well as with the development of other informatic
Za nadprosečne poslovne rezultate koje Jugoimport- resources and corporate knowledge of Yugoimport-SDPR.
SDPR postiže poslednjih godina zaslugu pored svih The above mentined factors of information and commu-
ostalih faktora u svakom slučaju imaju i svi gore nave- nication technologies, together with all other factors, are to
deni IKT činioci, što nas kao ljudski IKT resurs be credited for exceptional business results achieved by
Jugoimport-SDPR čini posebno ponosnim i stimuli- Yugoimport-SDPR whithin the past several years. We, as the
sanim za dalje zalaganje na tom planu. manpower of information and communication technologies,
are even more proud of this and stimulated for further efforts
to that effect.

75
KOMPANIJA COMPANY
PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION

“SLOBODA“ “SLOBODA“
ČAČAK ČAČAK
U KORAK SA AT PACE WITH
NOVIM MODERN TIMES
VREMENOM
Piše By
ZoranM.Živković ZoranM.Živković

G odina 1948. Teški ratni ožiljci još I t was 1948. Deep scars of the
nisu sanirani, a u podnožju planine wartime had not heeled yet, but
Jelice, na dva kilometra od centra building of “Sloboda” factory began
Čačka, na dodeljenom zemljištu, kre- on the allotted ground, at the foothill
će izgradnja fabrike “Sloboda”. of mount Jelica, two kilometers from
Nizom od 61 godine rada, proizvod- the center of Čačak. The story about
nih uspeha i rešavanjem problema people who created this successful
počinje priča o ljudima koji su stvarali uspešnu Kompaniju, company, the story of the times that passed by within facto-
o vremenu koje je proteklo unutar njenih kapija, gradu koji ry gates; the story about the city which took part both in suc-
je sve vreme sudelovao u svim uspesima ali i teškoćama. cess and difficulties of the company, is the story of 61 years
U prvim godinama postojanja, samopregornim radom i of operation, production success and problem solving of
velikim odricanjem svih zaposlenih, zidani su pogoni, maga- “Sloboda” factory.
cinske hale, pripremano je zemljište za izgradnju proizvod- During the first years of the existence of “Sloboda” the
nih hala. Istovremeno organizovali su se ljudi, formirani su terrain for building of new production workshops was pre-
radni timovi, stvarala se proizvodna i upavljačka struktura. pared, the plants and storehouses were built by self-sacri-
Nakon osnivanja i stavljanja u pogon mašinske radionice, fice and major renunciation of all employees. People orga-
1951. godine, počele su pri- nized themselves sponta-
preme za izradu proizvoda neously, and formed the work
namenjenih vojnom komple- teams for production and
ksu. Zvanično serijska proiz- management of the factory.
vodnja počela je tokom 1952. After founding of machine
godine kada su proizvedene workshop and its putting into
prve čaure, pancirne granate, operation in1951, preparations
upaljači topovske kapisle. started for production of
Narednih godina, od poče- goods intended for military
tna četiri artikla koje smo pra- complex. Official serial pro-
vili za potrebe vojske proizvo- duction of these items start-
dnja se ustalila, asortiman se ed in 1952 with the produc-
uvećavao, a o kvalitetu proiz- tion of the first cartridge cas-
voda najviše su govorile sve es, armor-piercing grenades,
veće i složenije porudžbine. fuzes and gun primers.
Izrastajući iz namenske In the years to follow, out of
proizvodnje, “Sloboda” je the initial four articles the fac-
počela sa izradom artikala za tory produced for the require-
tržište. U tome je dugo godina ments of our army, the pro-
bila lider u bivšoj SFRJ i ovom duction got settled, the assort-
delu Evrope. ment was enriched and bigger
Krajem pedesetih godina and more complex orders only
prošlog veka, radne uspehe confirmed the quality of the
naše Kompanije upotpunila je products of “Sloboda”.
porudžbina i u roku ostvarena From the production of
defence equipment,

76
PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION
isporuka proizvoda namenske proizvodnje za inostrane kuce. “Sloboda” also started to develop production of goods for
To je prelomni trenutak u našem rastu i razvoju. Tada je već common market and became the leading company in that
bilo jasno da naša Kompanija svoju budućnost mora zasni- field in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and this
vati na razvoju sopstvenih kapaciteta, velikom broju proiz- part of Europe.
voda koji će naći svoje mesto na tržištu, novom načinu proiz- In late 10950`s the success of our company was complet-
vodnje i poslovanja, saradnji sa drugim Kompanijama na ed by an order of defence products for export, and the same
realnim osnovama, a sve iskazano kroz profit. was completed on time. This was crucial moment for the
Od stvaranja naše Kompanije do danas, istorija Čačka i development and growth of our company. It was obvious only
Slobode se preplitala. Delili smo ista dobra i loša vremena, then that our company should base its future in the devel-
zajednički pokušavali da se razvijemo, gradili ljudima bolje opment of own capacities, large number of market oriented
mesto za život i rad, međusobno se pomagali svesni da jedi- products, new mode of production and business operations,
no na taj način možemo uspeti. cooperation with other companies based on realistic esti-
Zauzvrat „Sloboda“ je uvek imala puno razumevanja, i mations, and all that shown in profit.
nikada u proteklih 61 godinu, kada god su to uslovi dozvo- From the date of founding of our company till nowadays,
ljavali, nismo ostavljeni bez svesrdne pomoći Čačka i njego- histories of both the city of Čačak and “Sloboda” were inter-
vih žitelja. woven. They shared the same good and bad times, mutual-
Nešto više od šest decenija je bilo sasvim dovoljno da ly trying to develop and make better place for living and work
„Sloboda“ postane jedna od najvećih Kompanija metalskog of many people, helping one another aware that success may
kompleksa u ovom delu Evrope. be achieved only that way.
Posedujemo modernu proizvodnu opremu, kvalitetne stru- In return, „Sloboda“ has always had full understanding of
čnjake u svim fazama proizvodnje, od planiranja do projek- the city of Čačak and its inhabitants, and never in the past
tovanja, posedujemo izuzetno opremljene laboratorije i cen- 61 years has the company been deprived of their hearty aid
tre za ispitivanje i testiranje, tehnološki i poslovno smo pove- whenever the conditions allowed the same.
zani sa vodećim svetskim firmama koje se bave istom delat- More than six decades were quite sufficient for „Sloboda“
nošću. to become one of major metal processing companies in this
Od nekadašnje jednostavne proizvodnje realizovane na sta- part of Europe. Nowadays we have modern production equip-
rim strugovima, danas smo došli u situaciju da naši stru- ment, highly skilled experts for all phases of our production
čnjaci, zahvaljujući znanju i iskustvu već dokazanom na trži- from planning to design; we have exceptionally equipped
štima, pružaju usluge iz oblasti inženjering poslova, od nabav- laboratories and test centers; technologically and commer-
ke i instaliranja proizvodne opreme, preko izrade konstruk- cially we are connected with the leading world companies of
cione i tehnološke dokumentacije po zahtevu kupaca, do the same branch of industry.
transfera tehnologije po sistemu „ključ u ruke“. From earlier simple production carried out on old lathes,
Kompa nija „Sloboda“ poseduje QMS sertifi- and thanks to the knowledge and experience already proven
kat (Quality Menagement System). Osnovni ciljevi on the market, today our experts render their services in
Kompa nije su: engineering encompassing the processes from procurement
• očuvanje liderske pozicije u proizvodnji sredstava and installation of production equipment, via preparing of
NVO. design and technology documentation according to the buy-
• očuvanje visokoprofesio- er’s requirements up to technology transfer based on „turn-
nalnog kadra i zapošljavanje novih key“ system.
mladih stručnjaka. „Sloboda“ company possesses QMS (Quality
• očuvanje i kontinuirano Management System) certificate. The basic goals of
poboljšavanje kvaliteta proizvoda the company encompass the following:
postignutog u prethodnom perio- • Maintaining of leading position in sale of armaments
du. and defence equipment,
• nastavak razvijanja mreže • Maintaining of highly professional manpower and
ino-kupaca i očuvanje stečenog engaging of new young experts,
poverenja. • Maintaining of and continuous improvement of the
quality of the products attained in earlier periods, and
PROIZVODNI I TEHNOLOŠKI PROGRAM • Continuing of the development of the network of
foreign buyers, and maintaining of the trust they have in us.
Proizvodni procesi
Proizvodnja sredstava NVO, vojna i tržišna kooperacija: PRODUCTION AND TECHNOLOGICAL
• Proizvodnja i prerada pirotehničkih smeša. PROGRAM
• PA municija kalibra 20 do 57mm.
• Avionska municija kalibra 23 i 30mm. Production Processes
• Tromblonske mine svih tipova (sa i bez hvatača Production of armaments and defence (ADE) equipment,
zrna). military and market cooperation:
• Ručni bacači raketa kalibra 64, 90 i 120mm. • Production and processing of pyrotechnical com-
• Municija za automatski bacač granata 30 i 40mm. pounds,
• Municija 40mm za podvesni bacač granata 40mm • Anti-aircraft (AA) ammunition caliber ranging from
tip GP25 i M203. 20 to 57mm,
• Aircraft ammunition caliber 23 and 30mm,

77
PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION

• Artiljerijska municija od 76 do 155mm. • Rifle grenades of all types (with and without round
• Upaljači svih tipova sa sredstva iz svog proizvodnog holder),
programa i za potrebe remonta municije. • Hand grenade launcher cal. 64, 90 and 120mm.
• Blizinski upaljači za PA i artiljerijsku municiju i • Ammunition for automatic grenade launcher, cal.
tempirani upaljači za artiljerijsku municiju. 30 and 40mm,
• Topovske kapsle za municiju iz svog proizvodnog • Ammunition cal. 40mm for cluster grenade launch-
programa i za potrebe remonta municije. er cal. 40mm type GP25 and M203,
• Signalna municija 26 i 38mm. • Artillery ammunition, cal. Ranging from 76 up to
• Specijalna municija iz policijskog programa. 155mm,
• Vežbovna sredstva. • Fuzes of all types for ammunition encompassed by
• Remont svih sredstava NVO iz proizvodnog pro- our production program and for the requirements of ammu-
grama. nition overhaul
• Proximity fuzes for AA and artillery ammunition,
Tehnološki procesi and time fuzes for artillery ammunition,
• Obrada deformacijom. • Gun primers for the ammunition of the same pro-
• Obrada rezanjem. duction program, and for the requirements of overhaul of
• Obrada livenjem. the same,
• Obrada kovanjem. • Signal ammunition cal. 26 and 38mm,
• Termička obrada. • Special ammunition for police,
• Izrada i prerada smeša i eksploziva. • Practice ammunition, and.
• Galvanska zaštita. • Overhaul of all ADE encompassed by our produc-
• Hemijska zaštita. tion program.
• Zaštita lakovanjem.
Technological Processes
Sa aspekta savremenosti i fleksibilnosti naša tehnologija • Deformation processing.
je u rangu srednje razvijenih zemalja sa tendencijom razvo- • Cutting processing.
ja. Kod pojedinih tehnologija zastupljene su veoma savre- • Casting processing.
mene tehnološke metode: u oblasti obrade deformacijom • Forging processing.
primer za to je hladno istiskivanje na višestepenim presa- • Thermal treatment.
ma, duboko izvlačenje sa redukcijom debljine zida na auto- • Production and processing of compounds and explo-
matskim horizontalnim presama, rotaciono izvlačenje i dru- sives.
go. • Galvanic protection.
U oblasti obrade rezanjem zastupljena je savremena CNC • Chemical protection.
oprema, a u preradi eksploziva oprema je na nivou savre- • Lacquer protection.
menih svetskih dostignuća. Judged from the aspect of sophistication and flexibility the

78
RAZVOJ

PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION
technology we apply may be ranked as the one in medium
Razvojni planovi „Slobode“ vezani su za potrebe developed countries with the tendency of further develop-
Ministarstva odbrane, a u isto vreme i za strane kupce. ment. Certain technologies we apply comprise very sophis-
„Sloboda“ svoje razvojne kapacitete usmerava u dva pravca. ticated technological methods: an example for that being
Jedan pravac je modernizacija postojećih proizvoda NVO, a cold extrusion on multistage presses used for deformation,
drugi razvijanje i proizvodnja potpuno novih proizvoda na deep drawing with reduction of wall thickness effected on
našem tržištu. Na osnovu ovakvih razmišljanja dobila se izvo- automatic horizontal presses, rotational drawing, etc.
zna šansa, koja će u ovom trenutku pokrenuti i našu Modern CNC equipment is uses for cutting, and con-
Kompaniju i Grad Čačak. temporary equipment applied worldwide is used for explo-
Od postanka do danas paleta proizvoda je ogromna. U sive processing.
periodu od 1995 do 2009. godine razvijeno je preko 100 novih
artikala. To je garancija sigurnog uspeha na tržištu i konti- DEVELOPMENT
nualnog ulaganja u razvoj i kadrove.
Kompanija “Sloboda” je već započela ili planira, delom The plans of „Sloboda“ for further development are con-
sopstvenim snagama, delom u saradnji s Vojnotehničkim nected to the requirements of the Ministry of Defence of
institutom i “Yugoimport-SDPR”, razvoj i osvajanje novih the Republic of Serbia, and to the requirements of its for-
tipova municije, koja po performansama ne zaostaje za savre- eign partners. „Sloboda“ channels its development capaci-
menim svetskim rešenjima. Realizacija programa razvoja ties in two directions. One of these directions is modern-
novih i modernizacija postojećih vrsta municije, uz poveća- ization of existing ADE products, and the other is the devel-
nje vatrenemoći, a tim i podizanja nivoa borbene gotovosti opment and production of completely new products for our
Vojske Srbije, doprineće proširenju izvozne liste aktuelnih market. On the basis of such contemplation the company
artikala i otvoriti mogućnost sklapanja povoljnih izoznih aran- gained new chance for export which represents new driving
žmana. Lista najvažnijih novih proizvoda iz ovog programa force both for our company and for the city of Čačak.
obuhvata sledeće artikle: From the beginning of the work activities of „Sloboda“ till
nowadays, the range of products has become enormous.
• Protivavionska municija povećanog dometa 57mm More than 100 new items have been developed in the peri-
i 100mm, sa generatorom gasa nove generacije, od from 1995 until 2009. This is the guarantee both for sure
• Artiljerijska municija povećanog dometa i efika- success on the market and continuous investment in the
snosti kalibra od 122mm do 155mm, sa upuštenim dnom development and skilled manpower.
(tipaERFBB) i sa generatorom gasa (tipa ERFB-BB), razli- Partly using own capacities, and partly in cooperation with
čitih vrsta, the Military Technical Institute and Yugoimport-SDPR,
• Univerzalni elektronski tempirni upaljač za artilje- „Sloboda“ has already started or plan to start the develop-
rijsku municiju kalibra od 105mm do 203mm, ment and mastering of production of new types of ammu-
• Elektronski blizinski upaljač za protivavionsku nition which do not fall behind contemporary world solu-
municiju kalibra od 37mm do 100mm, tions. The realization of the programs of development of
• Elektronski blizinski upaljač za artiljerijsku new and modernization of the existing types of ammunition,
municiju kalibra od 105mm do 203mm, together with the increase of their fire power and the
• Projektili sa tandem kumulativnim boje- increase of the level of war alert of Serbian Armed Forces,
vim glavama za ručne raketne bacače RBR 90mm will add up to the extension of export list of existing goods,
i 120mm i vođene protivoklopne rakete 136mm, and will open up the possibility of making favorable export
• Protivoklopni projektil sa tandem arrangements. The list of the most important new prod-
kumulativnom bojevom glavom za tenkovski top ucts contained in the above mentioned programs
125mm includes the following:
• Bojeve glave višestrukog dejstva za • Anti-aircraft ammunition
ručne bacače raketa RBR 90mm i with increased range, cal. 57mm
120mm, različitih tiova: razor- and 100mm, with new generation
ne na bazi aerosolnih smeša, base bleed,
betono-probojne, probojno- • Artillery ammunition of
zapaljive i drugo. increased range and efficiency,
caliber ranging from 122mm to
Za predložene razvojne 155mm, boat tail (type ERFBB)
zadatke postoje znanja i isku- and base bleed (type ERFB-
stva stečena višedecenijskim BB), different types,
radom stručnjaka u našoj • Universal electronic time
Kompaniji, Vojnotehničkom fuze for artillery ammuni-
institutu i „Yugoimport- tion caliber ranging from
SDPR“ i uz odgovarajuće 105mm to 203mm,
obezbeđenje finansijskih • Electronic proximity fuze
sredstava može se očekivati for AA ammunition caliber
njihova uspešna realizacija. ranging from 37 to 100mm,
• Electronic proximity fuze for artillery ammunition
caliber ranging from 105mm to 203mm,

79
AKTIVNA SARADNJA SA YUGOIMPORT-SDPR
PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION

• Shells with tandem HE warheads for RBR grenade
launchers cal. 90mm and 120mm, and guided anti-tank guid-
U proleće 2009. godine, u našoj Kompaniji dolazi do pro- ed missiles cal. 136mm,
mene rukovodeće strukture, a time i do nekih novih pogle- • Anti-tank missile with tandem HE warhead for tank
da na stvarnost koja nas okružuje. Dolazi do potpisivanja gun cal. 125mm, and
novih izvoznih ugovora, a saradnja sa Yugoimport-SDPR • Different types of multi-purpose warheads for RBR
polako, ali sigurno kreće uzlaznom linijom. grenade launchers cal. 90 mm and 120 mm, (high-explosive
Očekivanja su da će saradnja između naše dve kuće, u based on aerosol compounds, concrete piercing, piercing-
narednom periodu, a naročito posle potpisivanja ugovora o incendiary, etc.
dugoročnoj saradnji, biti na još većem nivou na obostrano
zadovoljstvo. Jedino udruženi, a zarad istog cilja možemo Knowledge and experience gained in many decades of work
uspeti. of the experts of „Sloboda“, Military Technical Institute and
Polako, ali sigurno naša Kompanija uz pomoć Ministarstva Yugoimport-SDPR shall be used for the realization of the
odbran Republike Srbije i „Yugoimport-SDPR“ postaje jedan above listed development tasks, and their successful real-
od najvećih izvoznika u Republici Srbiji, to je poznato i priz- ization may be expected provided appropriate financial means
nato ime na svetskom tržištu, ime koje je bilo i ostalo sino- are allocated.
nim kvaliteta proizvoda i usluga, kvaliteta ukupne poslovno-
sti. ACTIVE COOPERATON WITH
YUGOIMPORT-SDPR
PERSPEKTIVA
The managerial structure of our company was changed in
Smatra se da će sagledavanje predloženih projekata u veli- the spring of 2009, thus providing new views in respect to
koj meri dopineti kvalitetu donošenja odluke o opremanju the reality that surrounds us. New export contracts were
Vojske Srbije sredstvima NVO, a istovremeno i povećanju signed, and slowly and certainly the cooperation with
broja artikala na izvoznoj listi. Yugoimport-SDPR has started to go upwards.
Realizacijom odabranih projekata uposlili bi s ljudski iproiz-
vodni kapaciteti Kompanije „Sloboda“. Takođe, na nekim The expectations are that the cooperation between the two
projektima može se ostvariti i zajednička saradnja sa poz- companies in the forthcoming period, and particularly after
natim firmama u svetu iz oblasti vojnih tehnologija. signing of the contract for long-term cooperation, will
Angažovanjem subjekata odbrambene industrije razvile bi increase to the satisfaction of both parties. We may achieve
se i unapredile odbrambene tehnologije, očuvali industrij- success only united in the same cause.
ski kapaciteti Republke Srbije i izbegao uvoz skupih i slo- With the support of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic
ženih borbenih sredstava. of Serbia and Yugoimport-SDPR, slowly and certainly our
U borbi za izgradnju brenda Srbija, ne treba zaboraviti na company is becoming one of the leading exporters in the
brend „Sloboda“ Čačak. Republic of Serbia. „Sloboda“ is well known and recognized
name in the world market, the brand that has been and has
remained the synonym for high quality products and ser-
vices, and high quality of complete business deals.

PROSPECTIVES

It is our opinion that recognizing of suggested projects
will substantially add to the quality of decision making on
equipping of Serbian Armed Forces with ADE, simultane-
ously increasing the number of articles on our export list.
The realization of defence projects will provide work to
human and production resources of our company. Also, some
projects may lead to cooperation with the companies well-
known in the world in the field of defence technologies.

Engagement of all involved in defence industry may lead
to the development and improvement of defence technolo-
gies, preserving of industrial capacities of the Republic of
Serbia, and avoiding of import of expensive and complex
means of combat.

One should not forget the brand of „Sloboda“ Čačak in
the struggle to build up the brand of Serbia.

80
MINISTAR MINISTER OF

PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION
ODBRANE DRAGAN DEFENCE DRAGAN
ŠUTANOVAC ŠUTANOVAC IN
U KOMPANIJI “SLOBODA”
“SLOBODA” COMPANY
Piše By
ZoranM.Živković ZoranM.Živković
22. SEPTEMBRA 2009. GODINE ODRŽAO MINISTER OF DEFENCE DRAGAN ŠUTANOVAC
RADNI SASTANAK SA GENERALNIM HELD WORKIN MEETIMG WITH GENERAL
DIREKTORIMA ODBRAMBENE INDUSTRIJE DIRECTORS OF DEFENCE INDUSTRY
POVEĆANJE IZVOZA UZ STROGO FACTORIES IN “SLOBODA” COMPANY
POŠTOVANJE UGOVORENIH OBAVEZA September 22, 2009
INCREASE OF EXPORT WITH STRICT
Ministar odbrane Republike Srbije Dragan Šutanovac odr-
ADHERENCE TO THE CONTRACTED
žao je, 22. septembra 2009. godine, u Kompaniji “Sloboda”
OBLIGATIONS
radni sastanak sa direktorima fabrika odbrambene industrije,
u prisustvu predstavnika Sektora za materijalne resurse The Minister of Defence of the Republic of Serbia Dragan
Ministarstva odbrane, “Jugoimport- SDPR”, Tehničkih Šutanovac held a working meeting with the directors of the
remontnih zavoda i Vojno-tehničkog instituta iz Beograda. factories of Serbian defence industry in “Sloboda” Company
Na sastanku je izvršena analiza svega što je do sada učinje- on September 22, 2009. The meeting was also attended by
no u fabrikama vojne industrije, planova za naredni period, the representatives of the Division for Material Resources of
problema sa kojima se one susreću i realnih mogućnosti the Ministry of Defence, “Yugoimport- SDPR”, Technical
Ministarstva da im u tome pomogne. Ministar Šutanovac je Overhaul Depots and Military Technical Institute from
na početku satanka rekao da ovaj susret počinje u atmosfe- Belgrade. Analysis of the results so far accomplished in the
ri žalosti zbog nesreće u fabrici “Prvi partizan”, ali da zajed- factories of the defence industry were discussed on the meet-
nički napori moraju biti usmereni ka tome da se nastavi proiz- ing, as well as plans for the forthcoming period, problems the
vodnja i obezbedi posao i plate za sve radnike. factories have, and estimation of the possibilities of the Ministry
On je naglasio da namenska industrija ima podršku of Defence to help them to that respect. At the beginning of
Ministarstva odbrane, ali da se u javnosti često mešaju poj- the meeting minister Šutanovac said that the same started in
movi pomoći i odgovornosti. “Ministarstvo odbrane nema the atmosphere of mourning over the accident in “Prvi par-
odgovornost za rad ovih fabrika, ali želi da pomogne i da tizan” factory, and that mutual efforts should be directed
putem saradnje u oblasti odbrane u raznim zemljama pro- towards continuation of the production and providing of the
moviše proizvode naše odbrambene industrije i na taj način wages for all workers.
podrži privredu, a istovremno i budžet države i Vojske,” rekao The minister pointed out that the defence industry has the
je Šutanovac i najavio skorašnji sastanak predstavnika support of the Ministry of Defence, but that the terms assis-
odbrambene industrije sa ministrom ekonomije i regiona- tance and responsibility are frequently mixed in public. “The
lnog razvoja Mlađanom Dinkićem na kome bi se razmotrila Ministry of Defence is not responsible for the work of these
pomoć države ovoj izvozno orijentisanoj grani privrede.
Nakon obilaska pogona, obavestio je predstavnike medija
da se zahvaljujući dobrim i kvalitetnim proizvodima vojna
industrija vratila na svetsko tržište na “velika vrata”, što je
jedan od boljih uzlaznih poduhvata i pored činjenice da je
1999. bila skoro uništena.
“U toku prošle godine izvezeno je robe u vrednosti 400
miliona dolara, a ove bi ta suma trebalo da bude veća, Što
pokazuje da vojna industrija ima perspektivu. Ipak, treba
imati na umu i otežavajuće okolnosti, odnosno da je jedan
deo fabrika bio porušen tokom bombardovanja, da pojedine
imaju višak zaposlenih, da neke od njih imaju problem sa
prilivom sredstava i plasmanom robe. Zato će Ministarstvo
odbrane u saradnji sa Ministarstvom ekonomije naći reše-
nje kroz obezbeđivanje subvencija i realizaciju socijalnog
programa.“

81
PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION
Sa druge strane, ministar odbrane navodi da je za sve fabri- factories, bit it wishes to help and promote the products of
ke obezbeđeno dovoljno posla i da se očekuje potpisivanje our defence industry through cooperation with different coun-
novih izvoznih sporazuma, ali da od rukovodećih struktura tries, thus supporting our economy and the budget of both
očekuje da ugovori budu maksimalno ispoštovani i po pita- our country and our armed forces,” said Mr. Šutanovac and
nju rokova isporuke i po kvalitetu, jer samo nekoliko godina announced the forthcoming meeting of the representatives
unazad one su tražile pomoć od države po pitanju plasma- of the defence industry with the Minister of Economy and
na svojih proizvoda. Iz tog razloga država neće imati nima- Regional Developnet Mlađan Dinkić to discuss the possibil-
lo razumevanja prema onima koji ugovore ne budu poštova- ities of aid of our country to this export oriented branch of
li. economy.
On je najavio da bolji dani predstoje i za fabriku “Prvi par- After a visit to the plant, the minister informed the repre-
tizan” iz Užica u kojoj je početkom septembra u nesreći stra- sentatives of media that thanks to good and high quality prod-
dalo sedam radnika i pričinjena velika materijalna šteta. “Bez ucts our defence industry managed to return to the world mar-
obzira na proizvodwu i profit, ipak je najvažnija bezbednost ket through the “main door”. This come-back represents one
radnika,” tvrdi ministar Šutanovac. “Stoga se zaposleni mora- of major ascend projects because of the fact that this branch
ju strogo pridržavati propisanih procedura koje su veoma of our industry was almost completely destroyed in 1999.
precizne. “Last year goods in the value of 400 million US dollars were
Ministarstvo odbrane će u saradnji sa Ministarstvom unu- exported, and this year this sum is expected to increase which
trašnjih poslova u narednom periodu vršiti inspekcijski shows that the defecse industry has good prospects. However,
nadzor nad poštovanjem propisanih procedura kao i da li su one should observe aggravating circumstances, namely the
one odgovarajuće, jer u suprotnom moraju se menjati. U fact that some of these factories were destroyed during bomb
toku je detaljna istraga zbog nesreće koja se dogodila u uži- raids, that other factories have excessive manpower, that some
čkoj fabrici “Prvi partizan”. Pogoni u jednom delu fabrike of them have the problem with the inflow of financial means
će biti obnovljeni za par nedelja tako da će do kraja oktobra and sale of their products. That is the reason why the Ministry
meseca u njima biti organizovana proizvodnja. of Defence will, in cooperation with the Ministry of Economy,
“Ministar odbrane Dragan Šutanovac na kraju je obave- seek for appropriate solutions by providing subventions and
stio novinare da će Dom vojske u Čačku uskoro biti prodat implementation of social program.“
gradskim vlastima, ukoliko se ispuni nedavno postignut dogo- The minister of defence also stated that sufficient business
vor. “Što se tiče konverzije Aerodroma u Lađevcima urađen dealings have been provided for all factories of the defence
je veoma kvalitetan idejni projekat koji će iziskivati manje industry, that signing of new export contracts is anticipated,
novca nego što je prvobitno planirano, tako da se može oče- but the managements of the factories are expected to adhere
kivati da će već početkom leta na ovom aerodromu koji će both to contracted delivery times and quality of the products.
ostati u vlasništvu Vojske i sistema odbrane, biti omoguće- A couple of years ago the management of the defence facto-
ries required the assistance of the government in sale and
marketing of their products. Therefore, the government shall
have no understanding for those who do not respect the con-
tracts. “
The minister also announced better future for the factory
“Prvi partizan” of Užice that suffered substantial material
damage in the accident killing seven people which happened
at the beginning of last September. “Safety of the workers
comes first compared to the production and profit,” stated
minister Šutanovac. “Therefore the workers must strictly
adhere to the prescribed procedures which are very precise.
The Ministry of Defence shall, in cooperation with the Ministry
of Interior Affairs, carry out survey of respecting of prescribed
safety procedures in the forthcoming period, as well as if these
procedures are appropriate; otherwise, the regulations must
be changed. Detailled investigation of the accident in “Prvi
partizan” of Užice is in progress. The plants in one part of
the factory shall be renovated within several weeks, and the
production in them shall be resusmed towards the end of
October. “
Finally, the minister of defence Dragan Šutanovac informed
the journalists that the Army Club in Čačak will be sold to the
town authorities in near future if recently reached agreement
is fulfilled. “As far as the conversion of Ladjevac airport is
concerned, high quality preliminary design project is made
requiring smaller investment than originally planned.
Therefore, it may be expected that the first charter flights will
take place towards the beginning of the next summer, but the
airport will remain the property of Serbian Armed Forces.“

83
OZREN MARKOVIĆ OZREN MARKOVIĆ
IN MEMORIAM

1960-2009 1960-2009
GENERALNI DIREKTOR DIRECTOR GENERAL OF
„KOMPANIJE SLOBODA“ AD „ SLOBODA COMPANY“ AD
ČAČAK ČAČAK

U četvrtak, 29. oktobra, u Kliničko - The brave heart of our colleague, cowork-
bolničkom centru u Beogradu presta- er and above all our friend Ozren
lo je da kuca veliko srce našeg kolege, Marković, general director of „Sloboda“
saradnika i iznad svega prijatelja stopped to beat at the Clinical center in
Ozrena Markovića, generalnog direk- Belgrade on Thursday, October 29, 2009.
tora Kompanije „Sloboda“. Ozren Marković was born in Lučani on
April 9, 1960. He attended the primary
Ozren Marković je rođen 9. aprila school in Negrišori and Markovica. After
1960. godine u Lučanima, a Osnovnu completed High School in Čačak he
školu pohađao u Negrišorima i enrolled to the Faculty of Mechanical
Markovici. Nakon završetka čačanske Engineering in Belgrade, and graduated
Gimnazije upisuje se na Mašinski fakultet u Beogradu, the same from the Department for Military Mechanical engi-
gde je diplomirao 15. januara 1985. na smeru Vojno neering on January 15, 1985. Immediately after completed
mašinstvo. Odmah po završetku studija zasniva radni studies he came to work in „Sloboda“ where he spent his
odnos u „Slobodi“ i tu je proveo čitav svoj radni vek. Vrlo entire work service. He successfully managed the compa-
uspešno rukovodi poligonom u Kompaniji, gde je svo- ny’s test ground improving its work with his own knowledge
jim znanjem i umećem unapredio njegov rad. Potom and skill. He also founded „Artillery“ project group and, with
osniva projektnu grupu „Artiljerija“ i sa ekipom kvali- a team of highly skilled engineers, he contributed to intro-
tetnih inženjera doprinosi uvođenju artiljerijskih sred- ducing of artillery equipment in the production program of
stava u proizvodni program „Slobode“. Upravo zahva- „Sloboda“. Thanks to this program „Sloboda“ managed to
ljujući ovom programu Kompanija „Sloboda“ je preži- overcome the difficult period of past 15 years. He transferred
vela teške periode proteklih 15 godina. Svoje znanje u his knowledge in the field of artillery ammunition to other
oblasti artiljerijske municije preneo je i u druge zem- countries in which he was stationed. After return from
lje u kojima je boravio. Po povratku iz inostranstva radio abroad, he worked as the main engineer for research and
je kao glavni inženjer istraživanja i inženjeringa, une- engineering and he introduced a number of novelties into
vši znatne novine u ovaj program. Za direktora Razvoja this program. He was appointed the director of the
Kompanije „Sloboda“ izabran je 1. avgusta 2008. godi- Development Department of „Sloboda“ on August 1, 2008,
ne i na toj dužnosti je ostao upamćen kao samoprego- where he would be remembered as self-sacrificing and
ran i odgovoran rukovodilac. responsible manager.
Preuzimanjem dužnosti generalnog direktora
Kompanije 12. maja 2009. godine, na koju ga je imeno- By taking over the duty of general director of
vao Upravni odbor, preuzeo je veliku odgovornost i „Sloboda“ on May 12, 2009, to which he was appointed by
ogromno breme obaveza. the Board of directors, Ozren Marković undertook enor-
mous responsibility and heavy burden of obligations.
Nenadoknadiv je gubitak izuzetnog inženjera i poz-
navaoca municije, a iznad svega čoveka. Tako ga znaju Irrevocable is the loss of Ozren Marković, excep-
i pamtiće ga Čačani i svi njegovi poslovni saradnici širom tional engineer and connoisseur of ammunition and, above
Srbije, bivše Jugoslavije i sveta. Zaposleni u Kompaniji all, humanitarian who will always be remembered as such
“Sloboda” posebno mu duguju za sva njegova i naša by the citizens of Čačak and all his business associates
zajednička pregnuća na stalnom razvoju, usavršavanju throughout Serbia, former Yugoslavia and worldwide. The
i uzdizanju do svetskih razmera ove specifične proizvo- employees of “Sloboda” especially owe him for his zeal for
dnje. Time je potvrđena njegova profesionalna širina i constant development, improvement and advancement of
plemeniost. specific production such as the production of “Sloboda” up
to its world recognition. This confirms even more his pro-
Svoju viziju poslovanja „Slobode“ odmah je počeo da fessional knowledge and warm-heartedness.
realizuje, uklanjanjem nedostatka u organizaciji i otkla- He implemented his vision of “Sloboda” eliminating the
njanjem praznih hodova u poslovanju. Napravio je takvu deficiencies in its organization and preventing “idle motion“
postavku rada, koja je preduzeću na čijem se čelu nala- in business deals. He organized the work in the company in
zio, garantovala da u naredne dve godine postane jedna the manner guaranteeing it to become one of the best orga-
od najorganizovanijih firmi u Srbiji. Ozren Marković je nized companies in Serbia within next two years.

84
IN MEMORIAM
trasirao put Kompanije „Sloboda“ kojim bi ona treba- Ozren Marković traced the path which „Sloboda“ should
lo da ide u budućnosti, kako bi postala uspešna fabrika follow in future in order to become successful and leading
u oblasti proizvodnje municije na svetskom nivou. factory in production of ammunition worldwide.
Svoja znanja je uvek delio sa kolegama, a to je nešto
najdragocenije u profesionalnom smislu. Uvek je raz- He had always shared his knowledge with his colleagues.
mišljao o kolektivnom dobru. Sebe je uvek stavljao u This is the most precious characteristic of a true profes-
drugi plan, a svoju “Slobodu” iznad svega. sional. He had always observed the wellbeing of the collec-
tive. He had always put himself in the second plan, and his
Svojim znanjem i iskustvom za kratko vreme rukovo- „Sloboda“ above everything.
đenja, još više je podstakao izlazak Kompanije “Sloboda”
na svetska tržišta. During short period of his management he used his knowl-
edge and experience to encourage the exit of „Sloboda“ to
Stekao je ogromno poverenje i veliki broj prijatelja, the world market. He gained enormous confidence and many
kako iz zemlje tako i iz inostranstva. friends both in our country and worldwide.

Jedan od njegovih prioritetnih ciljeva prilikom preu- After taking over the duty of the general director of
zimanja dužnosti generalnog direktora bio je i konačno „Sloboda“, one of Ozren`s priorities was to find final solu-
rešenje statusa zavisnog preduzeća ˝Sloboda-Aparati˝ tion to the status of the daughter company ˝Sloboda-Aparati˝
koje se već godinama nalazilo u stanju agonije. which has been in agony for years. Thanks to his engage-
Zahvaljujući njegovom angažovanju završiće se proces ment the process of reunification of ˝Sloboda-Aparati˝ with
objedinjavanja ˝Slobode –Aparata˝ sa Kompanijom „Sloboda“ will be completed, and safe future will be pro-
˝Sloboda˝ i svim zaposlenima omogućiti sigurna buduć- vided to all employees of the daughter company. The solu-
nost. Za rešenjem ovog problema uzalud se tragalo već tion to this problem was sought after in vain for a number
nekoliko godina unazad, ali dolaskom na čelo Kompanije of years. By becoming general director of the company Ozren
Ozren Marković je aktivno radio na postupku spajanja Marković took active role in the procedure of merging the
dve fabrike na istoj lokaciji u jednu celinu. U tom cilju, two factories on the same location into one entity. He car-
uspešno je vodio pregovore sa Ministarstvom odbrane, ried out successful negotiations with the Ministry of Defence,
Ministarstvom ekonomije i regionalnog razvoja i Ministry of Economy and Regional Development and the
Agencijom za privatizaciju, tako da je nama za kraj osta- Agency for Privatization, and the easiest part of this deal
vio da završimo najlakši deo posla. Zaposleni u ovom remained for us to complete. The employees of our compa-
preduzeću su imali poverenje i nadu da će objedinjena ny had confidence and hoped that united factories would
fabrika biti garant sigurne budućnosti i narednim gene- guarantee safe future both to them and to generations to
racijama. To je jedini ispravan put kojim Kompanija come. This is the only proper path the company must fol-
mora nastaviti i ubuduće i jedino on vodi ka uspehu i low in future, because only this path leads towards success
prosperitetu. and prosperity.

Razumeo je socijalne probleme zaposlenih, što se naj- Ozren Marković had understanding for social problems of
bolje ogleda dobrom saradnjom sa Sindikatom u the employees which is best seen in good cooperation he
Kompaniji „Sloboda“. established with the Trade Union of „Sloboda“ company.
part of his engagement within this short period of his duty
Deo angažmana u kratkom periodu obavljanja dužno- as the general director of the company referred to his aid in
sti čelne, rukovodeće funkcije u Kompaniji odnosio se affirmation and operation of sports clubs of ˝Sloboda˝
i na pomoć u afirmaciji i radu sportskih klubova u okvi- Sporting Association. On the occasion of the Factory Day,
ru Sportskog društva ˝Sloboda˝. Povodom Dana fabri- the sixtieth anniversary of the existence and activities of
ke, na prigodan način obeležena je 60-ta godišnjica rada Sloboda Football Club was celebrated. Sloboda Football Club
i postojanja FK Sloboda koji je osnovan na samim teme- was founded on the very foundations of the factory, and has
ljima fabrike i bio okosnica za razvoj svih ostalih sport- always been the basis for the development of other sports
skih disciplina na terenima u Velikoj koloniji. on the terrains situated in the so called Velika kolonija.

Posle svojih najbližih, uvek je govorio „Sloboda“. Ozren Marković had always spoken of „Sloboda“ when
Smatrao je fabriku svojim drugim domom. Tu svoju oso- mentioning his closest relatives and friends. He considered
binu uvek je pokušavao da prenese i na svoje saradnike the factory his second home. This characteristic he tried to
i na sve zaposlene. transfer to his co-associates and to all employees.

Ta ljudska crta iz našeg Ozrena neprestano je izvira- This humane characteristic had always emerged from our
la. Ozren.
Iznenadnim i preranim odlaskom našeg Ozrena puno
su izgubili svi koji su ga poznavali, njegovi prijatelji, Sudden and early departure of our Ozren arose enormous
saradnici, a sigurno najviše njegovi najmiliji. loss to all those knowing him, to his friends, coworkers and,
Neka mu je večna slava i hvala i neka mu Bog dušu pro- for sure, to his family.
sti. May he rest in peace and God have mercy on his soul.

85
Preduzeće Company
PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION

„MB-Namenska“ „MB-Namenska“
LUČANI, SRBIJA LUČANI, SERBIA

Fabrika „Milan Blagojević – Namenska“ The Company „Milan Blagojević – Namenska“
(„MB-Namenska“) iz Lučana, u ovoj 2009 („MB-Namenska“) from Lučani, in this year 2009
godini obeležava jubilej – 60 godina od svog celebrates – the 60th anniversary from its foun-
osnivanja. Ova godina je u znaku visoke upo- dation. This year is recognized as the year of
slenosti kapaciteta sa 85 % učešća izvoza i high engagement of the capacity with 85 % of
1000 zaposlenih. export and 1000 employees.

Osnovni proizvodni program čine sle- The basic production program consists of the
deći proizvodi: following products:
- Nitroceluloza (barutna, industrijska, dina- - Nitrocellulose (powder, industrial and dynamite
mitna), type),
- Baruti (jednobazni, dvobazni, raketna goriva), - Powders (single-base, double-base, rocket fuels),
- Sagorivi elementi, - Combustible components,
- Celuloid i celuloidni kontejneri. - Celluloid and celluloid containers.

Proizvodni kapacitet pogona za proizvodnju nitroceluloze The production capacity of the plant for nitrocellulose pro-
zadovoljava sopstvene potrebe u proizvodnji svih vrsta baru- duction meets its own requirements for production of all
ta. Takođe je značajan izvoz barutne nitroceluloze, kao i powder types. The export of powder nitrocellulose is also
nitroceluloze za proizvodnju boja, lakova i premaza. significant as well as nitrocellulose for production of paints,
Asortiman proizvodnje baruta je kompletan za sve vrste varnishes and coatings.
municije od 5,56 mm do 155 mm. Jednobazni baruti se proiz-
vode u saglasnosti sa MIL i GOST standardima za strelja- The assortment of powder production is a complete one,
čku, pištoljsku i revolversku, avionsku i protivavionsku, arti- for all kinds of ammunition from 5, 56 mm to 155 mm.
ljerijsku, lovačku, sportsku i manevarsku municiju. Single-base powders are produced in compliance with MIL
Proizvodnju dvobaznih baruta i raketnih goriva prati proiz- and GOST Standards for small arms ammunition, pistol and
vodnja nitroglicerina i jakih smeša. Izdvajamo tehnologiju revolver, aircraft and anti-aircraft, artillery, hunting, sport-
proizvodnje sferičnih baruta koja se odvija po najsavreme- ing and practice ammunition.
nijem postupku do sada poznatom u svetu.

86
PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION
Zahtevi svetskog tržišta za specijalnim kvalitetima baru- The production of double-base powders and rocket fuels
ta, uslovili su osvajanje novih i modifikovanje postojećih asor- is accompanied with production of nitroglycerine and wet-
timana. Tako na primer, novi tip jednobaznog baruta – ter- paste. We emphasize the technology of production of ball
mostabilni barut, postao je deo redovne proizvodnje i stan- powders, that is carried out according to the up-to-date pro-
dardne ponude. Takođe, iz programa dvobaznih baruta osvo- cedure known in the world so far. The requirements of the
jeni su specijalni EI baruti i balistiti koji se koriste za mino- world market for special qualities of powder have brought
bacački program. about developing of new and modifying of existing assort-
Konstantno se radi na osvajanju novih tipova sferičnih ments. Therefore for example, a new type of single-base
baruta čime će se značajno proširiti asortiman ovog progra- powder – thermo-stable powder, has become a part of
ma. Osvajanje nove generacije sagorljivih elemenata i čaura the regular production and standard offering. Also, from the
za monoblokovska punjenja su aktuelni deo razvojnog pro- double-base powder program special EI powders and bal-
grama. listites that are used for mortar program have been devel-
Razvoj novih proizvoda, modernizacija postojećih kapaci- oped.
teta i stalno prisustvo na svetskom tržištu su prioriteti poslo- The development of new types of ball powders is constantly
vne strategije preduzeća. U tom smislu ,MB-Namenska već in process which will significantly expand the assortment of
dugo godina ostvaruje uspešnu saradnju sa preduzećem this product. The development of a new generation of com-
Yugoimport – SDPR u oblasti razvoja, promocije i realiza- bustible components and cartridge cases for mono-block
cije izvoza svojih proizvoda i usluga. Učešće na svim zna- charges is a current part of the development program.
čajnijim vojnim sajmovima i izložbama širom sveta, ostva- Gaining of new products, modernization of existing capac-
ruje se kroz tradicionalno zajednički nastup. U saradnji sa ities and constant presence on the world market, are the pri-
Yugoimport – SDPR analiziraju se buduće aktivnosti u cilju orities of the company's business strategy. In that sense, for
intenziviranja zajedničkog prisustva na svetskom tržištu many years MB – Namenska has already been achieving a
posebno u formi transfera tehnologija što je u ovoj godini successful cooperation with the Company Yugoimport –
postalo vrlo aktuelno. SDPR in the field of development, promoting and realiza-
tion of export of its products and services. Participating to
all more significant military fairs and exhibitions across the
world is achieved over a traditional joint appearance.
In cooperation with Yugoimport – SDPR future activities
with an objective of intensifying of joint approach to the world
market are analyzed and so especially in the form of tech-
nology transfer which in this year has become very current.

87
Zastava oružje AD, Zastava Arms AD,
PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION

Kragujevac Kragujevac
GODINA SRPSKE THE YEAR OF
INDUSTRIJE SERBIAN DEFENCE
INDUSTRY
O vu, 2009. godinu, grad Kragujevac proglasio je godi- The city of Kragujevac declared 2009 as the year of Serbian
nom srpske industrije, a povodom nastupa vojne fabrike Industry to commemorate participation of the first Serbian
na svetskoj privrednoj izložbi u Parizu 1889. godine. To factory of armament and defence equipment at the World’s
je bilo prvo predstavljanje srpske privrede svetskom trži- Fair in Paris in 1889. That was the first introduction of
štu. Tadašnji Vojno-tehnički zavod izložio je na Marsovim Serbian commerce to the world market. The Military-
poljima 42 proizvoda, među kojima je bilo i pet Technical Institute of the time exhibited 42 prod-
mašina alatljika, konstrukcija fabričkog inženje- ucts at Champ de Mars (the Mars Field); includ-
ra Toše Seleskovića. U jakoj konkurenciji od 61 ing five machine tools designed by the factory engi-
722 izlagača, Vojno-tehnički zavod bio je nagra- neer Toša Selesković. In strong competition with
đen sa pet srebrnih i jednom bronzanom meda- 61,722 exhibitors the Military-Technical Institute
ljom. U Parizu je bila prikazana i puška Mauzer Milovanović, was awarded five silver and one bronze medals. Rifle Mauzer
ukrašena zlatom i srebrom i dobila je specijalno priznanje saj- Milovanović decorated in gold and silver, which was also shown at
ma. Paris exposition, was awarded special acknowledgement of the
Svetska privredna izložba u Parizu imala je 28 miliona poseti- Fair.
laca, a specijalno za ovu priliku napravljen je Ajfelov toranj, kao The World’s Fair in Paris had 28 million visitors. Especially for
službeni ulaz u izložbeni prostor. the occasion the Eiffel Tower was built as an entrance to the exhi-
Grad Kragujevac i Zastava oružje za Dan fabrike, 27. oktobar, bition space.
izdali su brošuru i pripremili izložbu “120 godina srpske indu- On the occasion of October 27 - the Day of the factory, the city
strije”, osvrt na neraskidivu povezanost razvoja vojne fabrike, kao of Kragujevac and Zastava Arms have issued a pamphlet and pre-
kolevke srpske industrije i grada Kragujevca, odnosno Republike pared an exhibition entitled “120 Years of Serbian Industry” as a
Srbije. Multimedijalna prezentacija održana je u velikoj sali review of unbreakable ties between the development of the facto-
Upravne zgrade, položen je venac na spomenik Radomiru ry which is the cradle of Serbian industry, and the city of Kragujevac,
Putniku, a gosti su potom obišli muzej „Stara livnivca“. Prošle namely the Republic of Serbia. Multimedia presentation was held
godine u Zastava oružju obnovljena je slava Sveta Petka. Davne in the grand hall of the Administrative Building of the factory; a
1853. prvi topovi izliveni su na ovaj datum, 27.oktobar, jer je u wreath was laid at the monument to Radomir Putnik, and guests
Srbiji bio običaj da se važni događaji vezuju za verske praznike. visited the „Old Foundry“ museum. Last year Zastava Arms regen-
Sečenje kolača, ove godine, obavljeno je u Staroj crkvi. erated its Slava - St. Petka Day. The first guns were casted in this
factory on this date – October 27, 1853, because it was customary
DIMENZIONISANJE FABRIKE SHODNO in Serbia of the time to connect important events to religious feasts.
MOGUĆNOSTIMA This year the Slava Cake was cut in the Old Church.

Od 1. janura 2010. godine Zastava oružje i sva preduzeća DIMENSIONING OF THE FACTORY IN
Odbrambene industrije se stavljaju u isti položaj kao i ostali pri- ACCORDANCE WITH ACTUAL POSSIBILITIES
vredni subjekti.
As of January 1, 2010, Zastava Arms and all other companies of
Zajednička aktivnost Poslovodstva i Sindikata je još jedan krug Serbian Defence Industry will be put in the same position as all
Socijalnog programa. Sigurno je da će ovo biti možda najkvali- other economic entities in our country.
tetniji socijalni program organizovan do sada, ali se od fabrike Mutual activity of the management and the trade union of the
traži da ukupan broj zaposlenih svede na meru koja će biti mogu- factory will be another round of the so called Social Program. For
ća sa aspekta budućih poslovnih aktivnosti fabrike u smislu da sure, this is going to be the best quality social program that has
može da izmiruje sve svoje obaveze. been organized so far, but the factory is requested to reduce the
Po pitanju investicija Republika Srbija je spremna da pomo- total number of the employees to the level corresponding to its
gne investiranje fabrike Zastava oružje pri kupovini nove opre- future business activities which will enable it to fulfill its obliga-
me. Uslov za to je da se realizuje konverzija dugova i Socijalni tions.

17.09.2009. god. potpisan je Ugovor o strateškoj poslovnoj Yugoimport-SDPR J .P. and Zastava oruzje signed the
saradnji kompanija J .P. J ugoimport-SDPR i Zastava Contract on strategic cooperation on 17 September 2009.
oružije.
PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION
As far as investments are concerned, the State of Serbia is ready
to support procurement of new equipment for Zastava Arms pro-
vided the realization of both debt conversion and Social Program
are fulfilled, thus enabling setting of the factory to sound foun-
dations by dimensioning of its manpower to bearable level.

PARTICIPATION ON THE FAIRS

The Shot Show – exhibition of hunting, sporting and person-
al defence arms was held in Orlando, U.S.A. in January 2009. The
products of Zastava Arms (long-range rifle «Black Arrow» .50
Browning, hunting carbine with polymer stock, pistols EZ0, EZ40
and M88A) were exhibited at the stand of a US company called
European American Armory Corp.
program, kako bi se fabrika, dimenzionisanjem na podnošljivom The IWA show of hunting, sporting and personal defence arma-
nivou, postavila na zdrave osnove. ment was held in Nurnberg, FR Germany from March 13 thru
NASTUPI NA SAJMOVIMA 16, 2009. Zastava Arms and Prvi partizan of Užice displaid 51
U januaru 2009. u Orlandu, SAD održan je Sajam lovačkog, exhibits from their so called civil program (carabines, rimfire
sportskog i oružja za ličnu odbranu, Shot Show. Proizvodi Zastava rifles and pistols).
oružja (dalekometna puška «Black Arrow» .50 Browning, lova- The fourth international fair of armaments and defence equip-
čki karabin sa polimernim kundakom, pištolji EZ9, EZ40 i M88A) ment Partner 2009, was held at Belgrade fair from June 2 thru 5,
bili su izloženi na štandu američke firme European American 2009. The patron of the fair was the Ministry of Defence of the
Armory Corp. Republic of Serbia, and the organizers were Belgrade Fair and
I ove godine, u Nirnbergu, SR Nemačka, od 13. do 16. marta, Yugoimport-SDPR.
održan je Sajam lovačkog, sportskog i oružja za ličnu odbranu, Yugoimport-SDPR organized participation of 18 companies,
IWA. among them being the six major factories of Serbian defence
Zastava oružje je, zajedno sa Prvim partizanom iz Užica, ima- industry: Zastava Arms, Prvi partizan, Prva iskra, Sloboda, Krušik
la štand na 90 m² i izložila pedeset jedan eksponat iz civilnog pro- and Milan Blagojević. Zastava Arms exhibited over fifty products
grama (karabine, malokalibarske puške i pištolje). from its production program of armaments and military equip-
Četvrti međunarodni sajam naoružanja i vojne opreme Partner ment and official personal weapons.
2009, održan je na Beogradskom sajmu od 2. do 5. juna. LORIST fair was held at Novi Sad Fair from October 6 thru
Jugoimport SDPR organizovao je nastup 18 preduzeća, pre sve- 11, 2009. This year Zastava Arms introduced new models of hunt-
ga šest vodećih fabrika srpske namenske industrije: Zastava oruž- ing carbines to our market.
je, Prvi partizan, Prva iskra, Sloboda, Krušik i Milan Blagojević.
Fabrika Zastava oružje izložila je preko pedeset proizvoda iz pro- ZASTAVA ARMS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
grama naoružanja i vojne opreme i LSO programa.
Novosadski sajam LORIST održan je od 6. do 11. oktobra. Ove This year we have completed the following development tasks:
jeseni, nove modele lovačkih karabina, Zastava oružje predstavi- 1) EZ9 Carry
la je i na domaćem tržištu. As per the requirements of US market, the families of pistols
EZ9 and CZ999 have been completed with model EZ9 Carry.
RAZVOJ PROIZVODA ZASTAVA ORUžJE The modification introduced in this model consists in reducing
of total dimensions of the pistol, and the integration of its com-
U ovoj godini realizovani su brojni razvojni zadaci: pensator into the weapon itself.
1) EZ9 Carry 2) Semiautomatic carbine PAP cal. 7.62x39 mm
Po zahtevima američkog tržišta familija pištolja EZ9 i CZ999 Following the standards and the requirements of US market,
proširena je modelom EZ9 Carry. Modifikacija se sastoji u tome the AP M70B1 was successfully converted into semiautomatic
da su smanjeni ukupni gabariti i kompenzator je integrisan u carbine with single row polymer magazine, polymer stock, poly-
oružje. mer lower hand-guard and cylinder lining. Smaller quantities of
2) Poluautomatski karabin PAP u kal. 7,62x39 mm converted carbine have already been delivered and, the require-
Po standardima i zahtevima američkog tržišta, uspešno je izvr- ments have been enlarged substantially after effected deliveries.
šena konverzija AP M70B1 u poluatomatski karabin sa jedno- This confirmed one more time that Zastava Arms brand fully
rednim polimerskim okvirom, polimerskim kundakom, poli- meets the requirements of the buyer.
merskom donjom oblogom i oblogom cilindra. Isporuka je izvr- 3) Sniper rifle SP M07
šena u manjim količinama. Po isporuci, zahtevi su znatno uve- In 2009 Zastava Arms received defined requirements for this
ćani. item from a foreign buyer, and fulfilled the same by delivering

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PREDSTAVLJAMO - PRESENTATION

Još jednom je potvrđeno da brend Zastava oružje u potpuno- of the first quantities thereof. Four rifles SP M07 have been deliv-
sti zadovoljava zahteve kupaca. ered for testing to our gendarmerie as the same expressed its
3) Snajperska puška SP M07 interest in including home-made rifles into its armament.
U 2009. Zastava oružje imala je definisane zahteve od ino-kup- 4) Converted rifle M21 Simunition
ca i uspešno su isporučene prve količine ovog artikla. Četiri puške Testing of prototype series of converted rifle M21 was com-
SP M07 date su na testiranje našoj Žandarmeriji, pošto su izra- pleted with Simunition training ammunition was completed at
zili interes da imaju domaću snajpersku pušku u svom naoru- the beginning of last October. The development of conversion
žanju. kit for M21 rifle was brought to an end in cooperation with General
4) Konvertovana puška M21 Simunition Dynamics OTC. Besides upgrading of the technological level of
Početkom oktobra izvršeno je uspešno testiranje prototipske this rifle, the cooperation with Canadian partner has substan-
partije konvertovane puške M21 na trenažnu municiju Simunition. tially influenced to the positioning of Zastava Arms Brand at
U saradnji sa General Dynamics OTC, razvoj konverzacionog Canadian and US markets.
kita za pušku M21 priveden je kraju. Saradnja sa kanadskim part- 5) Hunting carbine LK M808
nerom, osim podizanja tehnološkog nivoa, bitno utiče na pozi- As planned, serial production of LK M808 carbine started last
cioniranje brenda Zastava oružje na kanadskom i američkom September. After official promotion held in Kragujevac on
tržišu. September 25, 2009, the carbine is put on sale on our market at
5) Lovački karabin LK M808 LORIST 2009 fair in Novi Sad. The LK M808 carbine is based
Po planu, u septembru mesecu, LK M808 ušao je u serijsku on the tradition in production of Mauzer systems, high quality
proizvodnju i posle promocije u Kragujevcu 25. septembra, pla- and safe technology. It is designed on the basis of the analysis of
siran je domaćem tržištu na novosadskom sajmu LORIST 2009. the requirements of buyers, market and existing solutions of the
Baziran je na tradiciji u proizvodnji Mauzer sistema, kvalitetu i competition. This is hunting carbine of higher class. The deliv-
pouzdanoj tehnologiji. Dizajniran je na osnovu analize zahteva eries to a US partner will follow.
kupaca, tržišta i postojećih rešenja konkurencije i spada u lova- 6) In cooperation with Yugoimport-SDPR, Zastava Armes
čke karabine više klase. Slede isporuke za američkog partnera. developed a cradle and machine gun for installation on aircraft.
6) U saradnji sa Yugoimport SDPR, u Zastava oružju, raz- 7) Following the requirements of the market, we produced
vijena je kolevka i mitraljez za ugradnju na letilice; the adapter for installation of M84 machine gun on vessels.
7) Po zahtevima tržišta realizovan je i adapter za monta- 8) Modification of M92 automatic rifle has been com-
žu mitraljeza M84 na plovila; pleted.
8) Realizovana je modifikacija automata M92; 9) The families of automatic weapons - „military style“
9) U svakom trenutku rade se modifikacije familija auto- are constantly modified to meet the requirements of the market.
matskog oružja - „military style“, a po zahtevima tržišta; The plans for the forthcoming period include the development
U narednom periodu radiće se na razvoju sredstava iz LSO of the weapons of LSO official personal weapons program, as
programa, kao i razvoju puškomitraljeza iz familije u kal. 5,56mm, well as the development of light machine gun of cal. 5,56 mm
na novoj generaciji pištolja sa polimernim rukohvatom, podcev- family, and new generation of pistols with polymer grip, sub cal-
nom bacaču granata u NATO kalibru. iber grenade launchers of NATO caliber.
Poslovodsvo Zastava oružja očekuje da će u 2010. godini Zastava The factory management expects that Zastava Arms will con-
oružje nastaviti uzlaznu liniju, kvalitetnije dimenzionisana, uz tinue to develop upwards, better dimensioned, following new
novu zakonsku regulativu, ali i nove razvojne poduhvate. legal provisions and new development projects in 2010.

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