Is There Life Beyond Earth?

Chapter 9 Section 4

The “Goldilocks Conditions”
§ Extraterrestrial life- Life other than that on Earth § Earth has liquid water and a suitable temperature range and atmosphere for living things to survive § Other planets do not have such favorable conditionsGoldilocks conditions

Life on Earth
§ Scientists have found living organisms on Earth that get their energy not from sunlight, but from chemicals § The range of conditions in which life can exist is much greater than scientists once thought

Life on Mars?
The Viking Mission

Life on Europa?
§Many scientists believe

§ Since life as we

know it requires water, scientists hypothesize that Mars may have once had the conditions needed for life to exist § Twin Viking spacecrafts reached Mars in 1976 and tested the Martian air and soil for signs of life

Europa, one of Jupiter’s moons, may have the conditions necessary for life to develop §Close-up views of Europa’s crust show ice that has broken up and reformed §This ice pattern could mean there is liquid water under Europa’s ice §Liquid water may mean there is also life

§ What conditions does life on Earth need to


§ Why do astronomers think there could be life on

Europa? Mars?

§ How did the Viking missions search for life on

§ Could there be life as we know it on a planet

closer to the sun than Earth?

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