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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System

V100R006

IDU Quick Installation Guide (Indoor)

Issue: 02
Date: 2013-10-15

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior
written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and
the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be
within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements,
information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees
or representations of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address:

Huawei Industrial Base


Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website:

http://www.huawei.com

Email:

support@huawei.com

Installation Process
Start

Before You Start

Page 2

Precautions

Page 3

Instructions and
Precautions for
Handling Boards

Page 4

Instructions and
Precautions for
Handling Power
Cable Terminals

Page 5

Precautions for
Handling the Toggle
Lever Switch

Page 6

Page 6

Page 7

Pages
10 to11

Installing the
Chassis in the 19Inch Cabinet

Pages
11 to 12

Installing the
Chassis in the
ETSI Cabinet

Pages
12 to 14

Wall-Mounting the
Chassis

Page 15

Desk-Mounting the
Chassis

Page 8

Page 9

Pages
10 to 15
Pages
15 to 16

Page20

Installing PGND
Cables

Pages
21 to 22

Installing Power
Cables

Pages
22 to 23

Installing E1 Cables

Page 24

Installing Ethernet
Service Cables

Page 24

Installing XPIC
Cables

Pages
25 to 27

Installing IF
Jumpers

Pages
28 to 29

Installing Fibers

Page 29

Installing STM-1e
Cables

Pages
29 to 30

Installing NM
Cables

Page 30

Installing Orderwire
Phone Cables

Page 31

Installing External
Clock Cables

Page 32

Installing
Asynchronous and
Synchronous Data
Cables

Page 33

Installing External
Alarm Cables

Page 34

Cable Layout
Effectiveness

Precautions for
Handling IF
Jumpers
Precautions for
Handling IF Cables

Precautions for
Handling IF Boards

Tools for Installation


Introduction to the
RTN 950 Equipment
Installing the RTN
950
Optional: Installing
the E1 Panel

Pages
17 to 19

Optional: Installing
Transfer Brackets
for IF Jumpers

Page 20

Installing Boards

Pages
20 to 34

Installing IDU
Cables

Page 40

Checking the
Installation

End

Commissioning Process

Start

Page 35

Page 36

Powering On the
Equipment

Configuring the NE
Data (by Using the
Web LCT)

Page 36

Pages
37 to 39

Aligning the
Antennas

Page 39

Checking the Radio


Link Status

End

Configuring the NE
Data (by Using the
Hand-Held Tool)

Pages
37 to 38

Aligning the SinglePolarized Antennas

Pages
38 to 39

Aligning the DualPolarized Antennas

Precautions

NOTE
This document provides quick guidelines for hardware installation.
This document does not describe pre-delivery assembly. This document describes only procedures for
onsite installation.

CAUTION
Electrostatic Discharge
Wear ESD gloves or an ESD wrist strap prior to contact
with the equipment or before handling the plug-boards,
boards, and IC chips to prevent damage to sensitive
components caused by electrostatic discharge from the
human body. Ensure that the other end of the ESD wrist
strap is properly grounded.

CAUTION
Binding Cables
Binding intervals between cable ties or optical fiber binding straps inside the cabinet cannot exceed 250
mm. (The distance cannot exceed 200 mm for user cables).
Binding intervals between cable ties for all cables and corrugated pipes outside the cabinet are
determined according to the distance between the two horizontal beams. If the cable trough does not
contain any beams, the binding intervals between cable ties cannot exceed 250 mm.

CAUTION
Pre-installation Check
Check the telecommunications room, cabinet, power supply, ground wires, optical cables, and
associated facilities prior to installation. Start the installation according to the engineering design
documents after verifying that conditions are met.

Instructions and Precautions for Handling Boards


CAUTION
Do not hold a board without hand protection. Wear an ESD wrist strip or ESD gloves before handling a board.
Wearing ESD gloves

Wearing an ESD strip

Holding a board without hand protection

CAUTION
Hold the front panel of a board with hands.

CAUTION
Insert filler panels into vacant slots on an NE to prevent foreign matters from getting into the NE, which
may result in faults on the NE.
Boards are fragile and valuable. When handling or placing a board, exercise caution and put it into a
dedicated packing box.

Instructions and Precautions for Handling Power Cable


Terminals

1
2
1
2

Press the front of the red latch.

Properly move the red latch outwards.

CAUTION
Do not pick up the tail end of the red latch by using a finger or a screwdriver to avoid damage.

Precautions for Handling the Toggle Lever Switch


Position and description of the toggle lever switch
O: OFF

CAUTION
Turn the toggle lever switch only
after gently pulling it out.

I : ON

Turning on the switch

1 Pull the switch out gently.

2 Turn the switch.

3 Release the switch.

Turning off the switch

1 Pull the switch out gently.

Turn the switch.

Release the switch.

Precautions for Handling IF Jumpers


CAUTION
Connect or disconnect an IF jumper only after
powering off the ODU.

Power off the ODU.

Do not connect or disconnect an IF jumper when


the ODU is powered on.

Connect or disconnect the IF jumper.

Precautions for Handling IF Cables

CAUTION

CAUTION

Connect or disconnect an IF cable only


after powering off the ODU.

Do not connect or disconnect an IF cable when the


ODU is powered on.

Power off the ODU.

Connect or disconnect the IF cable.

Precautions for Handling IF Boards


CAUTION
Remove or insert an IF board only after powering off the ODU.

Remove the IF
board.

Insert the IF board.

Power off the ODU.

Disconnect the IF jumper.

CAUTION
Do not remove or insert an IF board when the ODU is powered on.

Remove or insert the IF board.

Tools for Installation

Long measuring tape

Level

Phillips screwdriver

Flat-head screwdriver

Adjustable wrench

Socket wrench

Torque wrench

Hex key

COAX crimping tool

Wire clippers

Wire stripper

RJ45 crimping tool

Diagonal pliers

Cold press pliers

Needle-nose pliers

File

Multimeter

Heat gun

Bayonet wrench

Combination pliers

Hammer drill

Marker

ESD gloves

ESD wrist strap

Vacuum cleaner

Binding strap

Utility knife

Ladder

Insulation tape

Claw hammer

Antistatic gloves

Electric iron

Impact tool

Coax stripper

Network cable tester

Introduction to the RTN 950 Equipment

1 Ports

10

11

12

Input power port

External clock/time port

ODU power switch

10

Orderwire phone port

NM/COM port

Ethernet service port

Optical port

11

External alarm port

NE concatenation port

IF port

Synchronous/Asynchronous
data port

12

E1 port

NOTE
Based on different board configurations, the positions of the actual IDU ports may be different from the
positions shown in the figure.

2 Installation Holes on Both Sides of the Chassis


Holes for installation in the T63/T66/N66T cabinet

Holes for installation in the N63E/19-inch cabinet

NOTE
Before installing the chassis in the ETSI cabinet, adjust the holes for installing mounting ears based on the
type of the cabinet.

Installing the RTN 950

1 Installing the Chassis in the 19-Inch Cabinet

Fixing Floating Nuts

Floating nut

Installation hole

NOTE
When tightening floating nuts, ensure a minimum of 25 mm space on the left and right sides of the RTN 950
for ventilation.

Removing Screws

NOTE
Store the removed screws properly for installing PGND cables.

10

Installing the Chassis in the


Cabinet

Installing PGND Cables

To the ground point on the column of the


cabinet or the indoor ground bar

M6

M4

2.00.2 NM

1.40.14 NM

NOTE
Install the cable tray if provided.

Connect PGND cables by using the removed screws.

2 Installing the Chassis in the ETSI Cabinet


a

Fixing Floating Nuts

Installing Mounting Ears


NOTE

Before installing the chassis in an ETSI cabinet, adjust


the holes for installing mounting ears based on the type
of the cabinet.
Installation hole
M6 screw assembly

Floating nut

M6

When tightening floating nuts, ensure a minimum of 25


mm space on the left and right sides of the IDU for
ventilation.

Mounting ears
3.00.3 NM

11

Installing PGND Cables

Installing the Chassis in the


Cabinet

To the ground point on the


column of the cabinet or the
indoor ground bar

M6

2.00.2 NM

M4

1.40.14 NM

NOTE

Connect PGND cables by using the


removed screws.

Install the cable tray if provided.

3 Wall-Mounting the Chassis


a

Removing Mounting Ears

Marking and Drilling Holes (1)

Place the chassis on the wall and then mark the positions
of the holes for installing mounting ears. Drill the holes in
the marked positions and install the bolts. After the
installation, ensure a minimum of 50 mm space on the
upper and lower sides of the IDU for ventilation.
300 mm

12

Installing Mounting Ears

NOTE

NOTE

If the cable tray is provided, install it according to the


illustration in the figure. Otherwise, go to Step g.

Rotate mounting ears to 90 degrees and install


them in the direction shown in the figure.

Installing the Cable Tray


(Optional)

Installing the Cable Tray


(Optional)

13

Installation Effectiveness

Marking and Drilling Holes (2)


Place the equipment on the wall and then mark the positions of the holes for installing mounting ears.
Remove the equipment and drill the holes at the marked positions.

Drill 8 mm diameter
holes with a depth
ranging from 52
mm to 60 mm.

Mark the hole positions.

NOTE
When wall-mounting the chassis, place the fan assembly in the lower part of the chassis for heat dissipation.

Installing the Chassis on the Wall

Installing PGND Cables

Big flat washer

M4

Nut

Small flat
washer

Fan assembly M6x60 expansion bolt

14

1.40.14 NM

PGND cable

4 Desk-Mounting the Chassis


a

Installing Plastic Feet

Remove mounting ears and install plastic feet.

Installing PGND Cables

Connect PGND cables by using the removed screws.

PGND cable

M4

1.40.14 NM

NOTE

Plastic foot

Do not place any items around the ventilation holes


on the two sides of the cabinet to avoid impacts on
heat dissipation.

Optional: Installing the E1 Panel

1 Fixing Floating Nuts


Floating nut

Installation hole

15

2 Fixing the E1 Panel

3 Installing PGND Cables on the E1 Panel


To the ground point on the column of
the cabinet or the indoor ground bar

16

Optional: Installing Transfer Brackets for IF Jumpers

1 Installing IF Connectors

Installing 12 IF Connectors

Installing Two IF Connectors

NOTE
Transfer brackets for two IF jumpers can be installed on walls, but cannot be installed in 19-inch cabinets and ETSI
cabinets.

17

2 Installing Transfer Brackets for IF Jumpers

Installing Transfer Brackets for IF Jumpers in 19-inch Cabinets

Installing Mounting Ears

Installing the Transfer Bracket in the Cabinet

Installing Transfer Brackets for IF Jumpers in ETSI Cabinets

Installing Mounting Ears

Installing the Transfer Bracket in the Cabinet

18

Installing Transfer Brackets for IF Jumpers on Walls


Installing Transfer Brackets for 12 IF Jumpers

Installing Mounting Ears

Installing the Transfer Bracket on the Wall


Method 2

Method 1
M6x60 expansion bolt

Tapping screw
Nut

Small flat washer

Big flat washer

NOTE
When installing transfer brackets for two IF jumpers, use the method of installing transfer brackets for 12 IF jumpers.

19

Installing Boards
1

Guide rail

Loosen the screws on the filler panel and remove the filler panel.
Hold the ejector levers on the panel with hands and raise them to form an angle of approximately 45 degrees
between the ejector levers and the panel. Push the board gently along the guide rail until the board is secure.

Lower the two ejector levers of the board.

Tighten the screws on the panel.

NOTE
Before installing and removing/inserting a board, wear an ESD wrist strap or ESD gloves. Before you insert a
board, ensure that the slot is correct. If it is difficult to insert the board, stop the operation.

Installing IDU Cables

1 Installing PGND Cables

When installing a PGND cable in the ETSI cabinet,


connect the PGND cable to the ground point on
the left side of the chassis.

20

When installing a PGND cable in the 19-inch


cabinet, connect the PGND cable to the ground
point of the left mounting ear of the chassis.

2 Installing Power Cables


1

1 Insert the power cables into the DC connector


based on the pin assignment. You do not need to
prepare the power cables on site if they were
prepared before delivery.

CAUTION
After fastening a cable, check whether the cable core is exposed outside the power cable connector
terminal. If the cable core is exposed, re-route the cable into the power cable connector. If the cable core
is still exposed after you re-route the cable, peel the cable again.
If the AC power box (ETP 4830) is used, the IDU needs to use the BGND power cable and -48 V power cable that are
delivered with the AC power box. For details on the AC power box and its cables, see the IDU hardware description.

Check the fuse current of the external


power supply.

Check the voltage and polarity of the external power


supply.

Recommended Current Value of the


External Fuse

Rated Voltage of the Input


Power

Allowable Voltage Range

48 V

38.4 V to 57.6 V

60 V

48 V to 72 V

20 A

NOTE
The recommended fuse capacity of 20 A can meet requirements under the maximum power consumption. Customers
can compute the fuse capacity according to the actual power consumption. The fuse capacity should be larger than or
equal to (total power consumption x 1.5)/(rated voltage x 87.5%). For example, when the rated power supply is -48 V and
the total power consumption of the IDU is less than or equal to 420 W, the fuse capacity can be set to 15 A.

NEG(-)

RTN(+)

3
2
OUTPUT

ON

3
2
OUTPUT

ON
RTN1(+) RTN2(+) NEG1(-) NEG2(-)

OFF

INPUT
32A

32A

20A

OFF
32A

20A

21

32A

20A

20A

Ensure that the circuit breaker of the PDU is set to the OFF state. Insert the DC connector into the power
port of the chassis. Ensure that the two groups of power cables are connected to different wiring terminals,
and then tighten the screws of the power connector and the chassis.

CAUTION

PIU boards in 1+1 hot backup mode

If an external power box is used, cut off the input of the power box
before you connect power cables.

3 Installing E1 Cables
a

Optional: Connecting E1 Cables to the External Equipment


The MD1, ML1, SP3D, and SP3S boards provide the E1 port.

M2.5

SP3D board
0.40.03 NM

NOTE
For information about the pin assignment of an E1 cable, see the related table delivered with these E1 cables or
the cable part in the Hardware Description.
For a 1.6 mm diameter E1 cable, use a type 75-1-1 connector and a 2.5 mm or 1.7 mm COAX crimping tool when
assembling the DDF-side connector of the E1 cable.

22

Optional: Connecting E1 Cables to the E1 Panel

SP3D board

Optional: Connecting E1 Cables to the TCU6 Board

TCU6 board
SP3S board

NOTE
The TCU6 board, which performs conversion between DB44 ports and RJ45 ports of 6xE1 services, is generally
used with the SP3S (120 ohms) board . By using Anea96DB44 E1 cables, the TCU6 board can perform
conversion between Anea96 ports and RJ45 ports.

23

4 Installing Ethernet Service Cables


The EFP8, EM6T, EM6TA, EM6F, EM6FA, and EMS6 boards provide the FE ports.
The EM6T, EM6TA, EG4, and EG4P boards provide the GE electrical ports.

NOTE
The Ethernet service port supports the
MDI/MDI-X adaptive function. Therefore,
you can assemble either a crossover
cable or a straight-through cable. It is
recommended that you assemble a
straight-through cable.

Ethernet board

CAUTION
By default, power over Ethernet is enabled at the 3/P1 and 4/P2 ports of EG4P boards.
If power over Ethernet is not used, this function must be disabled at the ports using the Web LCT or U2000 to prevent
the risks of damaging the interconnected equipment. After this function is disabled, the P1/P2 indicators are off.

5 Installing XPIC Cables


The ISX2, IFX2, and ISV3 (XPIC function enabled) boards support the XPIC function.
X-OUT
X-IN

X-OUT
X-IN

XPIC IF board

NOTE
The IN port on one XPIC IF board must be connected to the OUT port on the other XPIC IF board.

CAUTION
If the XPIC function is disenabled on an ISX2 or IFX2 board, use a short XPIC cable to connect the IN and
OUT ports on the board. Otherwise, board performance will be affected.
If the XPIC function is disenabled on an ISV3 board, do not use a short XPIC cable to connect the IN and
OUT ports on the board. Otherwise, the board performance will be affected.

24

6 Installing IF Jumpers

Installing an IF Jumper
The ISV3, IF1, ISU2, ISX2, IFU2,
and IFX2 boards provide the IF port.

ODU switch

CAUTION
Before installing an IF jumper, turn off the ODU switch on the IF board.
If an RG-8U IF cable or a 1/2-inch IF cable is used, an IF jumper is required to connect the IF cable and
IDU; if a 5D IF cable is used, the 5D IF cable is directly connected to the IDU.

Optional: Connecting the IF Jumper Directly to the IF Cable

IF jumper

IF cable

NOTE
When connecting an IF jumper to an IF cable, you must test the connectivity of the IF cable.
On the equipment configured with IF 1+1 protection, the IF cable of the active ODU must be connected to
the IF jumper of the active IF board, and the IF cable of the standby ODU must be connected to the IF
jumper of the standby IF board.
If the XPIC IF board is used, the IF cable connected to the vertically polarized ODU must be connected to
the IF jumper on the IF board that processes vertically polarized waves, and the IF cable connected to the
horizontally polarized ODU must be connected to the IF jumper of the IF board that processes horizontally
polarized waves.

25

Optional: Connecting the IF Jumper to the IF Cable Using a Transfer


Bracket
Installation Effectiveness in the 19-Inch Cabinet

Installation Effectiveness in the ETSI Cabinet

26

Installation Effectiveness on the Wall


Installation Effectiveness of Wall-Mounted Transfer Brackets for 12 IF Jumpers

Installation Effectiveness of Wall-Mounted Transfer Brackets for Two IF Jumpers

27

7 Installing Fibers
a

Precautions

CAUTION
When installing or maintaining fibers, do not look into the optical port without eye protection. See Figure 1.
Coil up the inter-office fibers on the ODF and then route them into the cabinet. Do not coil up external fibers
in the cabinet.

NOTE
When routing fibers, take proper measures to avoid any damage to fiber connectors
After installation of the fibers, place protective caps on to the idle optical ports, and place fiber caps on to the
idle fibers. See Figure 2.
Figure 1

Figure 2

Fiber with a short


protective tube

Fiber cap

Pluggable optical module

Dustproof cap

NOTE
For a closed corrugated pipe, take protective measures and then route fibers into through corrugated pipe. For
an open corrugated pipe, route fibers through the corrugated pipe and then take protective measures.
After routing fibers through a corrugated pipe, wrap PVC insulation tapes around the cuts of the corrugated pipe.
Do not feed a large number of fibers in a corrugated pipe. It is recommended that you feed not more than sixty
2 mm diameter fibers in an open corrugated pipe and not more than twenty 2 mm diameter fibers in a closed
corrugated pipe (See Figure 3).
The corrugated pipe needs to be routed into the cabinet for approximately 10 cm (See Figure 4).

Figure 3

Figure 4

10 cm

28

Installing Fibers
The CQ1, SL1D, SL1DA, EM6F,
EM6FA, EMS6, EG4, and EG4P
boards provide the optical port.

SL1D board

8 Installing STM-1e Cables


The CQ1, SL1D, and SL1DA boards
provide the STM-1e electrical port.

SL1D board

9 Installing NM Cables

Installing NM Cables (for a Gateway NE)


The CSH and CST boards provide the
NMS/COM port.

NMS/COM port

NMS

29

Installing NM Cables (for Multiple Interconnected NEs at a Site)

EXT

NMS/COM

NOTE
Assemble a crossover cable or a straight-through cable on site.
Ensure that the interconnected network cables do not form a loop and the standby CSH/CSTA board is not
connected to another network cable.

10

Installing Orderwire Phone Cables

The AUX board provides the PHONE port.

PHONE port

30

11 Installing External Clock Cables

Assembling External Clock Cables Based on the Pin Assignment

Pin
1

Color

Relationship

CLK/TOD1

White/Orange

Negative receive end of the external clock


Twisted pair

2
3
6
4

Orange

Positive receive end of the external clock

White/Green

External time 1_N


Twisted pair

Green

External time 1_P


Negative transmit end of the external clock

Blue
Twisted pair

White/Blue

White/Brown

Positive transmit end of the external clock


External time 2_N
Twisted pair

Brown

External time 2_P

Installing External Clock/Time Cables for the IDU


The CSH and CST boards provide the CLK/TOD1 port and TOD2 port.

TOD2 port

CLK/TOD1 port

31

12 Installing Asynchronous and Synchronous Data Cables

Assembling Asynchronous and Synchronous Data Cables Based on the


Pin Assignment
Pin Assignment
Pin
1
2
3
6
4
5
7
8

Color

Relationship

Function

White/Orange

Transmits asynchronous data signals.


Twisted pair

Orange

Grounding
Receives asynchronous data signals.

White/Green
Twisted pair
Green

Grounding

Blue

Transmits synchronous data signals (TIP).


Twisted pair

White/Blue

Transmits synchronous data signals (RING).

White/Brown

Receives synchronous data signals (TIP).


Twisted pair

Brown

Receives synchronous data signals (RING).

Installing Synchronous and Asynchronous Data Cables for the IDU


The AUX board provides the F1/S1 port.

F1/S1 port

32

13 Installing External Alarm Cables


a

Assembling External Alarm Cables Based on the Pin Assignment

Pin

1
2
3

Color

Relationship

White/Orange

ALMO

ALMI
External alarm signal input 1

Positive alarm signal output 1

Twisted pair
Orange

Grounding

White/Green

Negative alarm signal output 1


Positive alarm signal output 2

External alarm signal input 2


Twisted pair

6
4
5

Green

Grounding

Blue

Negative alarm signal output 2

External alarm signal input 3

Positive alarm signal output 1

Twisted pair
White/Blue

White/Brown

Brown

Grounding

Negative alarm signal output 1

External alarm signal input 4

Positive alarm signal output 2

Twisted pair
Grounding

Negative alarm signal output 2

Installing External Alarm Cables for the IDU


The AUX board provides the ALMI port and the ALMO port.

ALMO port
ALMI port

33

14 Cable Layout Effectiveness


a

Cable Connections
7
9
4
1

3
2
6
11
8
10
5

PGND Cables

Ethernet Service Cables

NM Cables

10

Asynchronous and Synchronous Data Cables

Power Cables

IF Jumpers

Orderwire Phone Cables

11

External Alarm Cables

E1 Cables

Fibers/STM-1e Cables

External Clock Cables

NOTE
For information about how to install XPIC cables, see the "Installing XPIC Cables" part.

Cable Layout Effectiveness

34

Powering On the Equipment

CAUTION
Before powering on the equipment, ensure that the installation of the ODU is completed and the ODU
switch on the IF board is set to the OFF state.

Red indicator: The fan is malfunctioning.

Green indicator: The fan is functioning properly.

Status Description of Indicators


Indicator

Status

Description

PWR

Constantly on and green

The power supply is functioning properly.

Off
FAN

The power supply fails.

Constantly on and green

The fan is functioning properly.

Constantly on and red

The fan is malfunctioning.

Off

The fan is not powered off.

Check and ensure that the STAT indicators on the system control, switching, and timing board are on in green
color.

35

Configuring NE Data (by Using the Web LCT)

CSH board

NMS/COM

You can use the Web LCT to configure NE data, including basic data of the NE, IF/ODU information of the
radio link, parameters for the IF ports, and parameters for the ODU ports.

Configuring NE Data (by Using the Hand-Held Tool )


Connect the hand-held terminal to the NMS/COM port on the active system control, cross-connect, and
timing board.

CSH board

NMS/COM

You can use the hand-held tool to configure NE data, including basic data of the NE,IF/ODU information of
the radio link, parameters for the IF ports, parameters for the ODU ports, and DCN parameters.

36

Aligning Antennas

1 Aligning Single-Polarized Antennas


Determine the azimuth of the antenna according to the installation position and height of the antenna.
Adjust the elevation of the antenna to the horizontal position.
Connect a multimeter to the RSSI port on the ODU at the local end and measure the voltage value V BNC.

NOTE
The red line of the multimeter is connected to the pin, and the black line of the multimeter is connected
to the inner wall (ground pin).

Elevation adjustment screw

Level adjustment screw

Retain the remote antenna secure. Adjust the level adjustment screw. At the local end, rotate the antenna
widely in the horizontal direction.

If three signal peaks are tracked, adjust the azimuth of the antenna so that the received signal level (RSL)
reaches the peak value at position 2.

If two signal peaks are tracked, adjust the azimuth of the antenna to the middle of positions 4 and 5. Then,
adjust the elevation of the antenna so that the three signal peaks such as the signals on the line AA' can
appear. Adjust the antenna so that the RSL reaches the peak value at position 2.

If one signal peak is tracked, adjust the azimuth of the antenna to the middle of positions 6 and 7. Then,
adjust the elevation of the antenna so that the three signal peaks such as the signals on the line AA' can
appear. Adjust the antenna so that the RSL reaches the peak value at position 2.

37

Front view of the lines tracked at


different elevations of the antenna

RSL value of each line

6 7

C
B
A

C'
5

4
1

B'
3

A'

C'

C
5

B'

B
2
1
A

3
A'

Adjust the elevation adjustment screw. At the local end, gently adjust the elevation and azimuth until the
RSL reaches the peak within the tracked range.
Repeat Steps 3 to 4 to ensure that three signal peaks are tracked in both horizontal and vertical directions.
When the local RSL reaches the maximum peak value, tighten the local antenna.
Adjust the remote antenna to ensure that the RSL at the local end and the RSL at the remote end reach
the peak value. Check the status of the ODU indicator on the IF board. The ODU indicator on the IF board
is off. If the ODU indicator on the IF board is yellow and blinks every 300 ms, continue aligning the
antenna.
Tighten all the screws of the antennas after the alignment is completed.

2 Aligning Dual-Polarized Antennas


NOTE
If an OMT is used to connect the ODUs to the antenna in direct-mounting mode, align the antenna in the same
method as that for aligning single-polarized antennas. If soft waveguides are used to connect the ODUs to the
antenna in separate-mounting mode, follow the procedure to align the antenna:

Power off the vertically polarized ODUs at both


ends of a radio link, power on the horizontally
polarized ODUs at both ends of the radio link. This
ensures that the antennas at both ends transmit
horizontally polarized signals.
Adjust the azimuth and elevation of the antennas
at both ends by referring to the description in
Aligning Single-Polarized Antennas, and ensure
that the main lobes of the horizontally polarized
signals are aligned with the antennas.

38

Use a multimeter to measure the RSL (P1) on the RSSI port of the horizontally polarized ODU at the local
end.
Power on the vertically polarized ODU at the local end. Use a multimeter to measure the RSL on the RSSI
port of the vertically polarized ODU. Release the holder of the feed boom gently, and turn the feed boom
gently until the RSL reaches the minimum value (P2). The calculated XPD1 (XPD1 = P1 - P2) cannot be
less than 30 dB. Record the current angle (D1) of the feed boom.
Power off the horizontally polarized ODUs at both ends of the radio link, and power on the vertically
polarized ODUs at both ends of the radio link. Adjust the azimuth and elevation of the antennas at both ends
by referring to the description in Aligning Single-Polarized Antennas, and ensure that the main lobes of the
vertically polarized signals are aligned with the antennas.
Refer to Steps 3 and 4 to ensure that the calculated XPD2 (XPD2 = P3 - P4) is equal to or more than 30 dB.
Record the current angle (D2) of the feed boom.
Repeat Steps 1 to 6 to adjust the feed boom gently (ranging from D1 to D2), and ensure that XPD1 and
XPD2 are equal to or more than 30 dB.
Tighten all the screws of the antennas after the alignment is completed.

Checking the Radio Link Status

LINK indicator

Check the status of the LINK indicator on the IF board.

a
b
c
d

If the LINK indicator is on (green), the radio link is functioning properly.


If the LINK indicator is on (red), check whether the configuration data is correct. If the configuration data is
incorrect, configure correct data.
If the LINK indicator blinks yellow at intervals of 300 ms, check whether the antennas are aligned properly. If the
antennas are not aligned properly, realign the antennas.
If the LINK indicator is off, check whether the logical units of the IF unit and the ODU have been added on the
NMS. If yes, check for a fault in the IF jumper, IF cable, or the ODU.

39

Checking the Installation


No.

What to Check For

The chassis must be installed securely in the position as specified in the engineering design documents.

Each chassis component does not have any paint drop, damage, or stain. Otherwise, re-paint or clean the
component.

For a board inserted into the chassis, the screws on the front panel are tightened.

Filler panels are installed for vacant slots in the chassis.

Cable routes comply with the engineering design documents and facilitate maintenance and expansion.

Cables are not damaged, broken, or jointed in between.

Each core of the cables is tested for connectivity.

Cables are properly bound. Cable ties are installed at equal spacing and in the same direction. The excess of
cable ties is trimmed off without remaining rough edges.

Signal cables are routed correctly in the cabinet.

10

Cables outside the cabinet are routed as follows:


The cables are placed tidily and are not cross-connected.
If a cabling ladder is used, the cables are bound onto the ladder beam tidily. If the cabling frame is 0.8 m or
more higher than the cabinet top, a cabling ladder is available on the cabinet top to support the cables and to
ease stress.

11

Cable turns are smooth and have a great bending radius.

12

Cable labels are filled in correctly and attached securely. They are aligned and face to the
same direction. Preferably, the labels are attached 2 cm away from the connectors.

13

The power cable and ground cable are routed separately from the signal cables.

14

Idle cable connectors are protected. For example, protective caps are installed on the idle connectors.

15

Protective tube for fiber jumpers are routed into the cabinet for 10 cm and bound securely.

16

The cuts of protective tubes for fiber jumpers are smooth. Otherwise, they need to be wrapped by an insulation
tape.

17

Fiber jumpers are bound gently to ensure free move in the cable tie.

18

Connecting points of fiber jumpers are clean. Protective caps (plugs) are installed for idle fiber connectors and
optical ports.

40

Appendix
Connecting Cables to a Power Cable Connector

Obtaining Tools, Cables, and a Power Cable Connector

Power cable connector

One -48 V blue power cable


One 0 V black ground cable

Ruler
(optional)

2
1

Diagonal pliers

Utility knife

Phillips
screwdriver
(M3 screw)

Peeling Cables
Use the 1:1 peeling indicator on
one side of the power cable
connector as the peeling length
reference.

Use a pair of diagonal pliers to trim off one end of


a -48 V power cable. Place the cable on the
peeling length reference plane, and use a utility
knife to make a mark on the cable according to
the 1:1 peeling indicator.

Peel the cable using


the diagonal pliers.

12 mm
12 mm

12 mm
Peeling length
reference plane
1:1 peeling indicator (12 mm)

Cable core

1:1 peeling indicator (12 mm)

Note
4

Repeat steps 1-3 to peel a 0 V ground


cable.

If a ruler is available, you can use the ruler to measure a 12 mm


peeling length after trimming off one end of a cable.

12 mm

Cable core

41

Appendix
Connecting Cables to a Power Cable Connector

Connecting Cables to the Power Cable Connector


1

Route a cable into the power cable


connector.

Power Cable
Connector Terminal

Cable

-48 V power cable (blue)

0 V ground cable (black)

Fasten the cable.

Pull the cable slightly. If the cable is loose, fasten it


again.
Pull the cable
slightly.

M3 screw

Caution
After fastening a cable, check whether the cable core is exposed outside the power cable
connector terminal. If the cable core is exposed, re-route the cable into the power cable
connector. If the cable core is still exposed after you re-route the cable, peel the cable again.
After the power switch is turned on, sparks may be generated at the exposed cable core when
an inappropriate operation is performed.
4

Slide the power cable connector's cover to close it.

Connecting cables to the power cable


connector is complete.
The cover is closed.

All the cables are


fastened, and no
cable core is
exposed outside the
power cable
connector.

42

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Huawei Industrial Base Bantian Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
Peoples Republic of China
www.huawei.com