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Gerunziul n englez:

A. Gerunziul prezent n englez are aceeasi forma cu participiul prezent


Pentru diateza activ se formeaza astfel: verb + ing (working)
Pentru diateza pasiv se formeaza astfel: being + verb 3/ - ed (being worked)

Reguli ce se aplic la formarea gerunziului n englez:


1. Verbele terminate in "e" mut il pierd la gerunziu: to make making; to hope - hoping
2. Se dubleaza consoana finala la verbele care au o singura silaba si se termina in consoana
precedata de o singura vocala sau verbele care au mai multe silabe dar se accentueaza
ultima, sau cele terminate in "p" sau "l": to cut cutting; to stop stopping; to forget
forgetting
3. Verbele terminate in "ic" primesc "k" apoi "ing": to picnic picnicking.
4. Verbele terminate in "ie" transforma literele in "y": to lie lying.
B. Gerunziul perfect n englez are aceeasi forma cu participiul perfect si exprima o
actiune sau o stare anterioara
Pentru diateza activ se formeaza astfel: having + verb 3/- ed
Pentru diateza pasiv se formeaza astfel: having + been + verb 3/ - ed

Utilizarea gerunziului n englez:


1. Dupa verbe de atitudine: "to like", "to dislike", "to enjoy", "to prefer", "to hate"
I enjoy seeing him. ( M bucur s l vd. )
2. Dupa verbe care descriu etapele unei actiuni : "to continue", "to begin", "to stop","to
keep","to start"
He kept going. ( A continuat s mearg. )
3. Dupa verbe care descriu activitate mentala: "to forget", "to remember", "to imagine",
etc:
I must remember turning the TV off. ( Trebuie s-mi amintesc s opresc televizorul ) .
4. Dupa expresiile personale:
"I cant help" ( Nu pot s nu, Nu m pot abine ) ,
"I cant stand" ( Nu pot suporta. ) .
5. Dupa verbul "to mind" :

Would you mind closing the door. ( Te superi dac nchizi ua ? ) .


6. Dupa verbe tranzitive: "to admit", "to delay", "to suggest", "to prevent", "to involve":
He admitted being late. ( A recunoscut c a ntrziat. )
7. Dupa expresiile impersonale:
Its no good ( nu e bine s ) , it's good, its worth ( merit s ) , its no use ( nu e
folositor s ) , its useless ( e inutil s ) .

Verbele in engleza care folosesc fie infinitivul fie gerunziul:


advise, agree, allow, begin, can/could bear, cease, continue, forget, hate, intend, like, love,
mean, need, permit, prefer, propose, recommend, regret, remember, require, start, stop, try,
used to.
Verbe in engleza care folosesc infinitivul sau gerunziul fara sa-si modifice intelesul:
begin, start, continue, cease; cant bear; intend; advise, allow, permit, recommend; it needs/
requires/ wants.